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THE UNIVERSITY 

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5^9 

C96 

Index 



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A CLASSIFIED -^W 






INDEX AND SYNOPSIS 



ANIMAL KINGDOM 

ARRANGED IN CONFORMITY WITH ITS 
ORGANIZATION, 

BY THE BARON CUVIER, 

MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTE OF FRANCE, &c. &c. &c. 



SUPPLEMENTARY ADDITIONS TO EACH ORDER, 



EDWARD GRIFFITH, F.R.S. S.A. & L.S. 

CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OF ^IW^-kL SClEA'CES 
OF PHILADELPHIA, &C. gf >' 

AND OTHERS. 



v., ^R w^ 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR WHITTAKER AND CO, 
AVE-MARIA-LANE. 



MDCCCXXXV. 



Digitized by the Internet Arciiive 

in 2011 with funding from 

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 



http://www.archive.org/details/animalkingdomindexcuvi 



Ci ^B U,H.L ■ 



/ 



CONSPECTUS 



ENTIRE ANIMAL KINGDOM. 



ANIMALIA. 



r 



Diviisif/n. 



i. VERTEiJjlATA 



J I. MOLLUSCA. 



< 

§ ^ III. ARTICULATA. 



S V IV. RADIAT A 



CUui. 

1. Mammalia 

2. AvEs 

3. Kept ILIA 

4. Pisces 

1. Cephalopoda 

2. Pteropoda 

GaSTEPvOPODA 

acephala 
Bp.achiopoda 

CiRKHOPODA 

Ankelides 

Crustacea 

Arachnides 

Insecta 

Echinodermata 

Entozoa 

Acaleph^: 

4. Polypi 

5. InfusoPwIa 



All animals may be reduced to one or other of these classes. It 
will be observed, that though the term ' Invertebrata' is introduced, 
it is not employed as significant of any peculiar form. The reason 
of this is, that it is merely a negative character, and such should 
never be used where positive can be obtained. Its vagueness is 
evident from its belonging to three out of four of the great primary 
divisions of the 'Animal Kingdom.' 

a 2 



IV 



DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



VERTEBRATA. 

CLASS I.— MAMMALIA. 

This class is divided into nine orders. 



Class. 



Mammalia. 



9. 



Order. 

Bimana 

Quadruraana 

Carnassier 

Marsupiata 

Rodentia 

Edentata 

Ruminantia 

Pachydermata 

Cetacea 



Unujuiculata. 



> Ungulata. 



With respect to the term Carnassier, used by Cuvier for his third 
order, some observations will be found in our second volume, at the 
commencement of the supplementary matter on the order. 

ORDER L— Bimana. 

This order contains only one genus, and a single species, with its 
varieties, as here under : 



Genus. 



Species. 



Homo Homo 



Varieties. 

/ 1. Caucasian 

\2. Mongolian 

<3. Ethiopian 

i4. Malayan? 

V 5. American? 



Only the first three varieties are considered by Cuvier as pos- 
sessing sufficiently distinctive chai-acters to deserve separate descrip- 
tion. " The Malays," he says, " pass by imperceptible shades into 
their neighbours, the Caucasian Hindoos on one side, and the Mon- 
golian Chinese on the other." The Americans also want that precise 
and constant character necessary to constitute a peculiar race. For 
these reasons we have marked the two last varieties with a query. 

In this order we have given even the varieties ; in the others we 
can go no farther than the subgenera, with one specific example of 
each : our space compels us to this arrangement. 



CLASS I. — MAMMALIA. 



ORDER II. QUADRUMANA. 



Of this order three principal genera are enumerated, viz. I. Simia, 
Lin., II. Hapale, Illig., and III. Lemur, Lin. ; the first and last of 
these contain so many subgenera and species that they almost deserve 
to rank as distinct families, for Simia has fifteen subgenera, Lemur 
five, while Hapale has only two, which however contain more than 
eight different species. 



I. Simia, Lin, 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

\. Pithecus, Geoff. Simia satyrus, L. Ourang outang 

2. Hylobates, Illig. . . . S. lar, L. Gibbon 

3. Cefcopithecus,£ra7. S. Sabaea, L. Green monkey 

4. Semnopithecus, -F. ? o i\t t at 7 

fy C Maura, L. Neg?-o monlsey 

5. Macacus, Lacep. . • . S. Sinica, Gm. Chinese monkey 

6. Inuus, Cuv S. sylvanus, L. Barbary ape 

7- Cynocephalus, Cuv. S. cynocephalus, L. Little baboon 

8. Fa.]i[o, Briss ,.S. maimon, L. Mandrill 

9. Mycetes, Illig S. seniculus, Red howling monkey 

M\ K.. ^ r^ jr ( Ateles arachnoides, Geoff. Sni- 

10. Ateles, Geo#. .... ^ j 7 
•" (^ der monkey 

1 1 . Lagothrix, Geoff. . . Lag. Humboldtii, Geoff. Capparo 

12. Cebus, Geoff. S. apella, L. Weeper monkey 

13. Callithrix, Cuv S. sciureus, L. Squirrel monkey 

14. Pithecia, Desm S. lugens, Humb. Widow monkey 

1 c XT .1, 7-1 /-> fNoct. trivirgata, F. Cuv. Z)oz<ro?t- 

15. Nocthora, F. Cuv. < ,. =■ ' 
(^ couh 

HTT 1 Til' ( 1 7 I, /^ jr f S. Jacchus, L. Stunted monkey, 
. Hapale, Illig. \ 1- Jacchus, Geoff . . | ^^ ^^^^^^^ 

2. Midas, Geoff. ...... .8. rosalia, L. Lio7i monkey 

Lemur, Cuv Lem. catta, L. Ring-tailed lemur 

Lichanotus, Illig. . . Lem. indri, Sonn. 
Stenops, Illig L. gracilis, Slender loris 

4. Galago, Geoff. L. potto, Gm. the African potto 

5. Tarsius, Storr L. spectruin. Pall. 



III. Lemur, Lin. 



il 



This is according to the classification followed by Cuvier in the 
second edition of his Regne Animal, published in 1829. 

The first eight subgenera of SimicB inhabit the old world, the re- 
mainder are found in the new, and have received the general appel- 
lation of Sapajous (Cebus Erxl). 



VI 



DIV. I. VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER TIL— Carnassier. 

This order is divided into three great families, Cheiroptera, In- 
sectivora, and Carnivora, the last of which is subdivided into three 
tribes, Plantigrada, Digitigrada, and Amphibia. In the first edition 
of the Regne Animal the Marsupiata vpere added as a fourth family 
of this order ; they novf, with greater propriety, constitute an order 
by themselves. 



Family. 



Genus. 



r 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



'I. Vespertilio, 
L. 



B 

o 



, Tit D • r Pt. edulis, Geoff. Black rous- 

1. Pteropus, Briss. . . < ' 

2. Cephalotes, Geoff. . .Ceph. Peronii, Geoff. 

.3. Molossus, Geoff. . . . . M. longicaudatus, Bull-dog bat 

4. Nyctinomus,Ge# j ^'jj"^"'"' "°'''- ^""""^'""-"^ «/ 

5. Cheiromeles, Hors. . C. torquatus, Hors. 

6. Stenoderma, Geoff. . S. rufa, Geoff. 

7. Noctilio, Lin /Vespert. leporinus, Gm. Peru- 

(^ vian bat 

8. Phyllostoma, C«.. -f ^'f " ^Pfctrum, Lin. Spectre, or 

■^ (_ rr2<e I- ampyre bat 

'J. Glossophaga, Geoff. ■ Vesp. soricinus, Pall. Leaf bat 

10. Megaderma, Geoff.. . M. lyra, Geoff. Ly)-e bat 

11. Rhinolophus, 5 Vesp. ferrum equinum, Lin. 

Geoff' I Horse-shoe bat 

12. Nycteris, Geoff. . . . .Vesp. hispida, Lin. Bearded bat 

13. Rhinopoma, Gfeoff. . R. microphylla, Desm. 

1 J m , r ff" ^ Vesp. lepturus, Schr. Pouched 

' ' •"' f^ bat, or Slender-tailed bat 

1 5. Mormoops, Leach . . M. Blainvillii, Leach 

1 6. Vespertilio, Ctw. & " 
Geoff..... 



' I V. M 



Murinus, Lin. Common bat 



V 



17. Plecotus, G.<#. . . ] ^'ll'^ =^""'"'' ^^"- ^«"a^-'^«'-«^ 

18. Nycticeius, i?r,^«. ] ^'Sj^^''"'' ^''"'' ^'""'''" 



TT Gnlponithpcns Pall ^ hemm volans, Lin. Flying ma- 

vii. vjaieopitnecus, rau ^ ^^^^^^^ ^j. ^, . ^^, ^ 



Family. Genus. Example of Species. 

IT-,. r • f E. Europasus, L. Common hedge- 

y\. Ermaceus, Lm -J j^oa- 

2. Centenes, Illig Erin, ecaudatus, L. the Tenrec 

3. Cladobates, Fr. Cuv Tupaia Javanica, Hors. 

4. Sorex, Lin S. Araneus, L. Common shrew 

r A/T ^ n f Sorex moschatus, L. the Z)e«Ma?2, 

o. JMygale, Luv | ^j. ji^ggian musk rat 

6. Chrysochloris, Lacej} f Talpa Asiatica, L. Cape chry- 

•' ■• (^ sochtore 

7. Talpa, Lin T. Europsea, L. Common mole 

8. Coildylura, Illig Sorex Cristatus, L. /ia(^i«^c(???ioZc 

9. Scalops, Cuv /^on aquaticu. L. the Scalops of 

^ ( Canada, or Shrew mole 






V, 



CLASS I. MAMMALIA. 



VU 



Family, 



r 



ORDER III. 

Tribe. 



-Carnassier (continued). 



/ 



I. Planti- 
grada 



(/■ 



t J II. Digiti- 
^ ^ grada 



Genus. Example of Species. 

1 . Ursus, Lm U. arctos, L. Common brown bear 

2. Procyon, Storr. Ursuslota, L. Racoon 

3. AiluruSjFr.Cwu.A. refulgens, Fr. Cuv. 

4. Ictides, Valenc. l. albifrons, Fr. Cuv. 

5. Nasua, Storr. . . Viverra nasua, L. Red coati 

6. Cercoleptes, 1 Viv. caudivolva, Gm. the Ame- 
Illig j" r^can potto 

7. Meles, Storr. . . Ursus meles, L. Common badger 

8. Gulo, Storr. . . . Ursus gulo, L. the Glutton 
\ 9. Ratellus, Fr. \ 

(j^ r Viv, mellivora, L. Honey ratel 

Putorius, 1 Mustela putorius, L. Common 

Cuv J pole cat 

\ 2. Mustela, Cuv. M. martes, L. Common marten 
I 3. Mephitis, Cmw.M. Americana, Desm, Skunk 
\ 4. Llltra, Storr. Must, lutra, Common otter 
/■ 5. Canis, Lin. . .C. familiaris, L. the Dog 

6. Vivera, Cuv. . . V. civetta, L. the Civet 

7. Genetta, Cuv, Viverra genetta,L.Co7«moMge?«e< 

8. Parad0XUrus,P- ^^P^^' ^'- ^";- fommonpa- 
r, ^ \ raaoxurus, or Palm martin of 
Fr. Cuv. .-l the French 

9. Herpestes, ) Viv. 
Illig J m 

10. Ryzsena, Illig. Viv. tetradactyla, L. the Surikat^ 

11. Crossarchus, ) „ ^ _, ^ 
7-, y-. vC. obscurus, Fr. Cuv. 
tr. Cuv. . . J 

Vl2. Proteles, Is 

Geoff. 

{13. Hyaena, Storr. Canis hyaena, L. Striped hymia 
14. Felis, im F. leo, L. the Lion 

/I. Phoca, Cuv. . ."P. y\tvi\ma.,h. Common seal 

2. Stenorhyncus, 1 Phoc. leptonyx, Blainv. Small- 
Fr. Cuv. . . X clawed seal 

3. Pelagus, Fr. j Ph. monachus, Gm. IVhite-bel- 
Cuv j ^'' 

4. Stemmatopus, ) 
Fr. Cuv. . . j 

5. Macrorhyna, 1 ph. leonima, L. Sea lion, or sea 
Fr. Cuv. . . J elephant 

6. Otaria, Peron. Ph. ursina, L. Common sea bear 
i-r rri • -I T • i T. rosmarus, L. Morse, sea cow, 

7.Tnchecus,Lin.\ ,,„ horse, &c. 

The tribe Digitigrada contains three subdivisions, distinguished 
by their mode of dentition, and represented by the weasel, the dog, 

12 



ichneumon, L. the Ichneu- 
mon 



^^•|P. 



Lalandii, Is. Geoff. 



,111. Amphi- 
bia 



lied seal 
Ph. cristata, Gm. Hooded seal 



Vlll DIV. I. VERTEBRATA. 

and the cat : these we have endeavoured to indicate above by smaller 
brackets, within the general bracket including all the genera of the 
tribe. The Amphibia also formerly made but two genera, the seals 
{Phoca) and the Morses ( Trichecus), the first of which we see Cuvier 
has here extended to several subdivisions. 



ORDER IV.— Marsupiata. 

The arrangement of these animals, chiefly inhabitants of the 
Australian continent, seems by no means decided. In his first 
edition Cuvier had made of them a family of the order Carnassier ; 
in the second he established them into a separate order ; but even 
then expressed his opinion that they ought rather to be looked on as 
a class containing several orders running parallel with the orders of 
ordinary quadrupeds. He finally, however, left them as an order 
divided into seven genera, three of which are subdivided. 

Genus. Siihge?ius. Example of Species. 



I. Didelphis, L . ) ^'"' ••••-; T,,?1'Z 



Didelphis, prop. \ D. Virginiana, Penn. Virginian 
i 
/Did 

t f 

/Dai 

\ i 
/Da! 

t s 

IV. Di( 

4 -o 1 /^ jr fP' nasutus, Geoif. the Lons- 

4. Peraraeles, (jeoff. < , , , , 7 

(. nosed pouched badger 



r,-^. ^ riT f Did. palmata, Geoff, lapock, or 

Chironectes, Illig. ■{ , , , •' 

° (. pabnated opossum 

i 1. Thvlacini Tm. . -f ^^^y"™^ cynocephalus, Geoff. 
4, .J ' ^ Dog-faced dasyurus 

II. Dasyurus, 1 9 Phascoo-ali Tem /Das. minimus, Geoff. Z)?i^ar/f?a- 

Geoif. \ *"" '^ ' ' " ^ *^'"'"* 

*' S ^' I^'^syui'^'s, prop. C?<D. Didelphis iirsina,HaiT. the Z)ei'27 



^^^„ Tioi.- Til- rPhal. ursina, Tem. Bear-like 

III. Phalangista, I !• ^alantia, Ilhg. . . I ^j^^j^^g^^. 

C«'«'' I 2. Petaurus, 5/.a«...P'^- P^^^^' ^^^^^'' ^'^"'-" 

V (_ dwarj phalanger 

IV. Hypsiprimnus, Illig \ M'^'^^P"^ ^5"°'' Shaw. Kan- 

'' ^ >~ ' o ^ garoo rat 

V. Macropus, Shaw /M: major, Shaw, Gigantic kan- 

t- ' (^ garoo 

-ITT T' r< 7jr f L. cinereus, Goldfuss. A'oa^a, or 

VI. Lipurus, Goldfuss | ^^^, ^jj^^^^ ^j^^j^ 

VII. Phascolomys, Geoff Did. ursina, Shaw, the Wombat 

ORDER V. RODENTIA. 

In his first edition Cuvier had divided this order into two sections, 
the first possessing perfect, the second only rudimentary clavicles : 
these divisions ran by such gradual shades into each other, that the 
point of separation was, we may say, almost arbitrary. In his 
second edition, therefore, he contents himself by arranging his ge- 
nera and indicating such as possess strong clavicles or the reverse. 



CLASS I. — MAMMALIA, 



IX 



ORDER v.— RODENTIA. 



I. Scmrus, L. 



III. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 

IX. 



2. Pteromys, Cuv. . 

3. Cheiromys, Cwy. 
L Arctomys, Gm. . 



II. Mus,L 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

^ 1. Sciurus, prop. Cwi;.. Sc. vulgaris, L. Common squirrel 
^ Sc. volans, L. European flying 
I squirrel 

\ Sc. Madagascariensis, Gm. the 
X Aye-aye 

^ Mus Alpinus, L. Marmot of the 
I Alps 

2. Myoxus, Gm Mus glis, L. the Dormouse 

3. Echimys, Geoff... j^" ^f^^^"^^' ^esm. Spiny rat of 
' ' ■" L Azzara 

4. Hydromys, Geoff. . . H. leucogaster, GeofF. 

5. Capromys, Desm. . . C. Fournieri, Desm. 

6. Mus, prop., Cuv. . . M. rattus, L. the Rat 

n r^ u-ii r. f Dipus tamaricinus, Gm. Tama- 

7- Gerbillus, Desm. . -J ^. , , 
(^ ?7^A: rat 

,, . IT' /^ fMus Labradorius, Sabine, La- 

mexiones, Fr. Cuv. < , , ,-, 

t braaor gerbit 

Cricetus, C«w Muscricetus, L. Common hamster 

p., ^ f Mus Zibeticus, Gm. Ondatra, or 

' \ Musk rat of Canada 

Arvicola, Cuv Mus amphibius, L. Water rat 

12. Georychus, Illig. . . Mus lemmus, L. the Lemming 

13. Otomys, i^r. Ci(y. .. O. capensis, Fr. Cuv. 
^14. Dipus, Gm Mus sagitta, L. the Jerboa 

Helamys, Fr. Cuv Dipus CafFer, Gm. Cape jerboa 

Spalax, Guldenstedt Mustyphlus.Pall. BUndrat-mole 

BathyergUS, Illig Mus capensis, Gm. Cape mole 

n> n j: S Mus bursarius, Shaw, Canada 

Geomys, Rafin | ^.^^^ 

Diplostoma, Rajin D. ? Rafin. Tailless rat 

Castor, L C. fiber, L. the Beaver 

Myopotamus, Covim I\Ius coipus, Molin. the Coiiia 

f 1. Hystrix, prop. Cmi'.. H. cristata, L. Crested porcupine 

I ,, .,, ri ( H.f-dsclculata, Brush-tailed por- 

1 2. Atherures, Cuv.. < . ' '^ 

J ( cupme 

o r- ..• p /o f H. dorsata, Gm. Canada porcu- 

3. Eretisons, Fr. Cmi'. -( . ' ^ 
( pine 

4. Synetheres, Fr. ( II. prehensihs, L. the Coendou 
Cuv. \ or Prehensile-tail porcupine, 

J 1. Lepus, prop. Cuv.. . L. timidus. L. the Common hare 
I 9 T no■nm^7c c,,^, / Lep. pusiUus, Pall, the Calling 



X. Hystrix, Z. 



XI. Lepus, L 



V 

\ 4 



XII. 
XIII. 
XIV. 

XV. 



Lagomys,C.t-...{' ^^^^^^ 

Hyclrochserus, Erx Caviacapybara, L. the Capybara 

Cavia, Illig C. cobaya, Pall, the Guinea-pig 

Dasyprocta, Illiff / D. acuti, 111. the ^o-o^^/, or Aowg- 

*^ -^ ° (. 7iosed cavy 
Coelogenys, Fr. Cuv Cavia paca, L. the Paca 



Cuvier suggests that the Chinchilla, the furs of which arrive in 
such quantities in these countries, should, from its evident connection 
with the cavies, come at the end of this order. Nothing but want of 

h 



X 



DIV. T. VERTEBRATA. 



information respecting its dentition prevented him from placing it 
there. The Marmot Diana, of which we gave a figure in our third 
volume, p. 172, he says is the same as the Vi scac he o? Azzara., and 
considers it merely as a larger kind of Chinchilla, with rougher and 
longer hair. 

ORDER VI.— Edentata. 

The Edentata Cuvier divides into three tribes, the Tardigrades, 
including the first two genera ; the common Edentata, including the 
next four; and the Monotremata, including the remaining two. 



Tribe. 






Genus. 



a 



o f1 



I. Brady- / 1- Ac 
\ 2. Br 



pus, L. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

. , r- /^ i Brad, tridactylus, L. the J'i, or 

( three-toed sloth 
adypus, prop. ^ B. didactylus, L. the Unau, or 



Fr. Cuv. 



two-toed sloth 



-rx -Mr .^ • n S Megatherium, C. Great fossil 

II. Megathermm, Cuv ^^^.,^^; 



III. Dasy- 
pus, L 



I 

, „ , . ^ S Das. 9-cinctus, L. Nine-handed 

\. Cachicames, Cuv. i ,.„ 

C armadillo 

- , „ S Das. 3-cinctus, L. Three-banded 

2. Apara, Cuv \ ,.,, 

' ' ( armadilto 

„ „ , . f^ S Das. G-cinctus, L. Six-banded 

3. Encouberts, Cuv. { ,.„ 
( armadillo 

4. Priodontes, jFr. Cuv. Das gigas, L. Giant armadillo 

5. Chlamyphorus,iara?'?.C. truncatus, Harl. 

TIT r\ , ri £c fO. capensis, Illig. Cape ant- 

IV. Orycteropus, Geoff. ..... | ^^^/^^ ^.groundhog 

^r -nr 1 T ( M. iubata, L. Great or maned 

V. Myrmecophaga, L | ant-eater, bear ant-eater 

_- . _ f M. pentadactyla, L. (S'/?ori-?ai/ef/ 

VI. Mams, L | ant-eater 

( E, hystrix, Cuv. the Spiny 

VII. Echidna, Cuv ■( echidna, or porcupine ornitho- 

rynchus 

VIII. Ornithorynchus, Blum. 



i O. paradoxus, BJain. the Duck- 
\ bill 



illed platyph 



ORDER VII. — Pachydermata. 

This order is also divided into three tribes or families, I. the Pro- 
boscidiana, or those furnished with a proboscis, including the ele- 
phant and some fossil animals ; II. the common Pachydermata, 
including all the rest of the order except the horse, which belongs to 
family III., SoUpeda, or solid-footed. 



Family. 

I. Proboscidiana 



Genus. 



Example oj Species. 
dicus, Cuv. Indian i 
Mastodon, Cuv. (fossil) 



S 1 • Elephas, L E. Indicus, Cuv. Indian elephant 

12. Mastodon, Cuv. 



CLASS I. — MAMMALIA. 



XI 



III, 



ORDER VII. — Pachydermata (continued). 

Family. Genus. Example of Species. 

"\. Hippopotamus,/., . . J "• ^mphibius, L. the Hippo- 

2. Sus, L S. scropha, L. the Hog 

3. Phacocoems,i'r. Cm. \ ^"^ Africanus, Gm. Cape Verde 
' I boar 

4. Dicotyles, Cuv P" '"'■'i"^'"^' ^uv. Collaredipec. 

5. Anoplotherium, Cuv. . . A- commune, Cuv. (fossil) 
^ 6. Rhinoceros, L P" ^"'^''="'- ^^^^- ^''^^'^^ '■''""'- 

7. Hyrax, Hermann. .. [^■''■^'f''^^'^- Cape hyra,, or 

' J ^ (^ cape badger 

8. Palseotherium, Cuv. .'.Palsotherium, Cuv. (fossil) 

9. LophiodorilS, Cuv Lophiodon, Cuv. (fossil) 

1 r> rr • r ^ T. Americanus, Gm. American 

\ [^ 10. Tapir, L J ^^^.,. 

SoLIPEDA . . . Equus, L E. Caballus, L. the Horse 



< 
pu 



The common Pachydermnta we have marked off into two subdivi- 
sions, in the first of which the toes are of an even number, four or 
two, and assume something of a bifurcated appearance, approaching, 
as do also in some measure their skeletons and stomachs, the forms 
proper to ruminant animals ; in the second subdivision the toes are 
of an odd number, and want this appearance. Sus, Phacoceei-us, 
and Dicotyles, are merely subgenera of the Linnsean genus Sus, which 
name we have left to the first of them. 



ORDER VIIL— RxJMlxNANTIA. 

This order is naturally distinguished into two families, those with- 
out and those with horns. To the former belong the camel and 
musk ; to the latter all the other genera. Horns are of three kinds, 
specimens of which may be seen in the deciduovis antler of the stag, 
the permanent invested protuberances of the cameleopard, and the 
true horn or hollow corneous case of the cow, sheep, antelope, &c. 
These differences have been employed to subdivide the second family. 
Col. Hamilton Smith divides the whole order into five tribes, the 
types of which are the camel, the stag, the giraffe, the goat, and the 
ox. For further particulars see our fifth volume, p. 296, et seq. 



Family. 

I. A 



KERATOPHORA, J 1. Can 

or Hornless. "1^2. Mos 



Genus. 

Camelus, L. 

schus, L. 
h 2 



Example of Species. 
f C. Bactrianus, L. the Bactrian 
\ camel 
. . M. moschiferiis, L. the Musk 



Xll DIV. I. VERTEBRATA. 

ORDER VIII.- — RuMiNANTiA (continued J. 

Family. Genus. Example of Species. 

/ 1. Cervus, L \ ^- fj^f^' ^- '^'' ^"''' "' ^^'°''- 

^^ ^- \2. Camelopavdalis, L.C. girafe, Fr. Cuv. the Giraffe 

II. KeraTOPHORA,; 3^ Antelope, L a. dorcas, L. the Gazelle 

or Horned. \^^ Capra, L C. cegagms.Gm. the Wild goat 

i 5. Ovis, // O. Amnion, L. the Argali 



6. Bos, L B. taunis, L. the Com 



mon ox 



ORDER IX.— Cetacea. 

Here also we have two families, the herbivorous cetacea, including 
the first three genera, and the common cetacea, comprehending all 
the rest. This latter family is again subdivided, according as the 
head is of the ordinary proportion to the body, as we see in Delphinus 
andMonodon, or is disproportionately large, as is the case in Physeter 
and Balaena. 



{ 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

I. Manatus, Cuv | '^''^'^^1^'=^^' ">^"^t"«. L- the Ma- 

' <_ nan, Sea-cow, or Lamantm 

II. Halicore, lUig . . . H. Indicus, 111. the Dugong 

III. Rytina, IlUg \ '^t 7 .^'"''''^r' ^^^ ^^"'^'" 

•^ ' o ( tailed manati 

f 1. Delphinus prop. C«i;. D. delphis, L. Common dolphin 

IV Delnhinus 1 ^' P''°c^'''^> ^"^ Delph. phocaena, L. the Porpoise 

J- ' \ *^* Delphinapterus, Lac. D. leucas, Gm. the Beluga 

/ A xj J T f Balsena rostrata, Klein. Bottle- 

f 4. Hypeioodon, Lac. < j , , 

V ^ (^ nosed whale 

V. Monodon, L P'^' ^'^^°^'^°'' L- the Narwal, 

' ^ or aea-umcorn 

ft Phys.macrocephaluSjGm.Greai- 
1. Catodon, Z/ffcey). . . < headedcachalot, or Spermaceti 
. i. i iijoctci,i7.N ( u'hale 

(2 Physeter, Zac<^p. . . { ^^ J^^J^' ^^'^^ ^"^^^i-^yed ca- 

VII R'llapna / /^" B^l®"^> P''^ P- •^'^'^^y^- K- "^ysticetus, L. Cwmwow Wia/e 
' * \ 2. Balsenoptera, Laccp. B. musculus, L. the Rorqual. 



CLASS II. — AVES. 



XllI 



VERTEBRATA. 



CLASS IL— AVES. 



AvES 



This class comprises six orders. 
Class. Order. 

I 1. Accipitres {Birds of prey) 

%2. Passeres {Sparroiv kind) 

/3. ^cdLWSOxe^ {Climbers) 

\ 4. Gallinacea {Poultry kind) 

5. Grallse {Waders) 

V 6. Palmipedes ( Web-footed) 



ORDER I. — Accipitres. 

This order includes birds generally known as birds of prey ; and 
is divided by Cuvier into the two natural families of diurnal and 
nocturnal ; the former including the two great genera of Linnaeus, 
the vultures and falcons ; the latter, his genus of owls. These 
genera Cuvier has subdivided as under. 



Genus. 



I. Vultur, L 



II. Falco, L. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

,, ,, „ \ V. papa, L. Kinff of the Ful- 

Vultur, prop. Cuv.. f / 

Cathartes, Cuv Vult. aura, L. Carrion Vulture 

Percnopterus, C««.U"l'-P"^"°P'- ^- Pf'^raoh's 
^ J chicken 

^ , „, ) Vult. barbatus, Gm. Bearded 

Gypaetos, Storr, . . > ,^ I 

■^ '^ J vulture, or Lcemmer-geijer 

Falco, prop. Bech-'\ F. communis, Gm. Coinmon or 

stein / Peregrine falcon 

T,. „ , ^ 1 Falco candicans, Gm. the Ger- 

Hieroialco, Cuv. . . J- r ; 

J jalcon 

. ., ^ , \ Falco fulvus, Gm. Common 

' ' / eagle 

.,,... c< • 1 Falco ossifraffus, Gm. Sea- 
Halisetus, bavisny. > , r\ 

" ^ J eagle, or Osprey 

„ J. o • 1 Ya\.co\ia\\Bitw5,\j. Balhuzzard, 
Pandion, Savigny.. > !-•■ , i i r ^ ■ 

o J J Qj. yr isli-hawk oj America 

„. .., y;r. •>, . 1 Falco Gallicus, Gm. Jean-le- 
Circaetus, rteiUot.. > „, 

) Blanc 

^ Y 1 Falco Brasiliensis, Gm. Bra- 

Caracara, Azzara.. > ... , ., 
J zilian kite 

,, . „ 1 Falco harpvia, Cuv. the sreal 

^■'^mr'^^Cav I ^^^.^^ 

., , ,, \ Falco Guianensis, Daud. the 

Morphiuis, tuv. > ,„ ,-, , , /■ ,, . 
' J rnfted eagle nf Gninna 



XIV 



DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER I. — AcciPiTRES (continued). 



Genus. 



II. Falco, L. 
[continued) . 



III. Strix, L. 



10. 

11. 
12. 
13. 

/14. 
15. 
16. 

17. 
1. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

„ . ,. „ ) Falco Cayennensis, Gm. Small 

Cyniindis, Cuv. . . > n i 

■' ) (Jarjenne eagle 

Astur, Bechstein . . . Falco palumbarius,L. Goshawk 

Nisus, Cuv Falco nisus, L. Sparrow-hawk 

Milvus, Bechstein . . Falco milvus, L. Common kite 

„ . „ 1 Falco apivorus, L. Common 

rernis, Cuv > , '^, , 

j honey-buzzard 

„ ^ r. 7 ^ ■ 1 Falco buteo, L. Common buz- 
Buteo, Bechstein . J- , 

J zard 

„. n 7 ^ . ) Falco cyaneus, Gm. Hen-har- 

Circus, Bechstein. t ■ 
) rier 

„ , • ^ 1 Falco serpentarius, Gm. S7iake- 

Serpentaruis, C?<y. J- ^ c ^ 

^ j eater, or Secretary 

„, „ 1 Str. otus, L. Common long- 

Otus, Cuv y J ? 

} eared oivt 

Ulula, Cuv Y\ '^f'"-^' ^™- ^'■^'^^ ^"'■'^^ 

) howler 

Strix, prop, i^a-l Str. flammea, L. Common luhite 

vigny J or ham owl 

Syrnium, Savigny . .Str. stridula, L. the ivood-owl 

Bubo, Cuv. Str. bubo, L. Great horned owl 

Noctua, Savigny .. .Str. surnia, Dum. Hawk-owl 

c, CI ■ y Str. leucotis, Tern. White-eared 

Scops, Savigny . . > , 



ORDER II.— Passeres. 



This order is not clearly defined, nor does it appear very Avell 
divided. As to the former, it seems to contain every bird that does 
not belong to any other of the orders ; as to the latter, Cuvier ap- 
pears to have done whatever was possible, under the present state 
of knowledge, by using for his primary divisions the nature of the 
feet, and for his secondary, or division into families, the peculiarities 
of the bill. As respects the feet, they are divided into those which 
have the external toe united to the internal only as far as the first or 
second phalanx, and those called Syndactyles, in which the union 
extends to all but the last articulation. The first of these divisions 
is by far the most numerous, and contains the families Dentirostres, 
Fissirostres, Conirostres, and Tenuirostres, with their several genera 
and subgenera, as underneath : the second forms but one family, 
containing six genera. 



CLASS II. — AVES. 



XV 



ORDER II.— Passeres. 



Family. 



Genus. 



I. Lanhis, L. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

IT- /^ f L. excubitor, L. Great cinere- 

1. Lamus.prop. Cwi). ■< , ., 

■^ ^ (^ ous shrike 

„ ,, n ^ f Lan. curvirostris, L. Hook- 

2. Vanga,5«/.....| j,uied shrike 

o /-> ^ /^ f O- rufiventer, Val. Red-bellied 

3. Ocypterus, Cm?)., k „ ,' ., 

■' ^ (. swallow- shrike 

4. Barita, Cr^D Gracula varia, Shaw 

5. Chalyb^Bus, Cuv. . i ^- P?i-=>dis*us, Cm.Blaek bird 

•' \ cj paradise 

6. Psaris, Cuv Lan. Cayanus, Gm. 

w ^ , ri f CorvusPapuensis, Gm. PfljjMaw 

7. Graucalus, Cuv.. -{ r > i 

y crow 

o T> -.1 1 /-. f Lan. Leverianus, Sli. Levei'^s 

8. Bethylus, Cuv. . . •{ , ., 

■' t shrike 

9. Falcunculus, Fz- f Lan. frontatus, Lath. Frontal 
• . . \ shrike 

f Pipra punctata, Sh. Slirike- 
\ ivren 



eill. 
10. Pardalotus, Vieill. 



II. Muscicapa, 
Z 



IT, ^ f Muse, ferox, Gm. Turant ilii- 

1. Tyrannus, Cuv . . ■{ , , ' -^ ■' •-' 

■' y catcher 

, . . , ^ f Muse, ecerulea, L. Azure flu- 

Museipeta, Cuv.. i , , ' •' ^ 

K. catcher 

Platyrhynchus, f Muse, aurantia, L. Orange- 
Vieill \ breasted fly-catcher 

Museieapa prop, f M. grisola, Gm. Spotted fly- 
Cuv \ catcher 

Gymnoeephalus, f Corvus calvus, Gm. Bald crow 
Geoff. t 

6. Cephalopterus, fC. ornatus, Geoff. Umbelled 

Geoff. \ chatterer 

7. Ampelis prop. Lin. .A. eotinga, L. the Cordon bleu 
Tersina, Vieill AmpeL tersa, Gm. 

Muse, ochracea, Sp. Africaii 
fly-catcher 



9. Ceblepyris, Cuv. 



■{' 



,„ „ 1 •^^ r, ■ f Ampel. ffavrulus, h. European 

10. Bomby cilia, £;7M. < , ,, 

•' (^ chatterer 

■,-, T, ■ TT r f Ampelis cueullata, Tem.//boc?- 

11. Procnias, Hofm.. < S , ,^ 

' ( ed chatterer 

12. Casamarynchos, J Amp. variegata, L. Variegated 

Tern ( chatterer 

13. Gymnoderus, Geoff. Gracula nudieollis, Sh. 

1^ T?j 1- n f LaniusccerulescenSjGm. Fo?A'- 

14 Ldolius, Cuv.... < ,.,,,., 
( tailed shrike 

15. Phibalurus, ?"ieiW. • P. flavirostris, Vieill. 

Tan. violaeea, L. Golden tana- 
ger 



III. Tanager, 
L 



1. Euphones, Cuv. 

(Bulfinch tana- 
ger) 

2. Saltator, Vieill. 

(Gross-beak ta- 
nager) 

3. Tanager, prop. 

Cuv. (True tana- 
ger) 

12 



Tan. magna, Gm. Grand ta- 
nager 

Tan. talao, L. Paradise tana- 

ser 



XVI 



DIV. I. VERTEBllATA. 



ORDER II. — Passeres (continued). 



Family. Genus. 

f 

III. Tanager, 

L. icont.) \ ^• 



Example of Species. 



Uj / 

Pi \ 



1. 



Tan. cristata, L. Crested ta- 
7iager 

Tan. aestiva, Gm. the Summer 
red-bird 



ly. Turdus, L. ^ 



V. Gracula, 

Cuv. . . . 



10. 

11. 
1. 



Subgenus. 
Tachyphonus, fl- 
eill. (Oriole tana- 
ger) 

Pyranga, Vieill. 
(Cardinal tana- 

gei-) 

rS^(Rampho-\Tan- Brasiliensis, \.. Brazilian 

celinetanage^-)--) ^'"'''^'"' 

Merula, Cuv ....{ ^^ "'■•^- ferula, L. Common 

y. blackbird 
Turdus,prop. Cuv. { T- musicus, Gm. Common 

y. thrush 
Lamprotornis, /Turd, cantor, Sonn. Songster 

Cuv \ thrush 

Ixos Tern \ Turd, analis, Hors. Guavafly- 

l catcher 
Tanvpus, Oppel. . jCorvus grallarius, Sh. King of 

{, the ant-eaters 
Criniger, Tern C. barbatus, Tern. 

Myothera, 7/Z/ff. .-['^"'■'^- cyanurus. Lath. Blue- 

y. tailed thrush 
Orthonyx, Tem Orthonyx ? Tem. 

Cinclus,5ec;«^.-[^t"™"f ""'^l"^' L. Water 

I blackbird 
Philedon /Merops carunculatus, Lath. 

( Wattled bee-eater 

. .E. Javanus, Cuv. 

/Turd, roseus, L. Rose-coloured 



VI. Pyrrhoco-) 
rax, Ciw.'} 

VII. Oriolus, L. 

VIII. Gymnops,! 

Cuv .... J 

IX. Msenura, "j 

Sh J 



Eulabes, Cuv. ., 
Gracula, prop 

Cuv 

I\Ianorrhina, 

fleill 



Jl- 



hlackbird 
? M. viridis, J'ieill. 

/ Corvus pyrrhocorax, L. 
I pi)ie chocard 
( 0. galbula, L. European 
\ oriole 

fjMerops corniculatus, Lath. 
i Knob-fronted honey-eater 



X. Motacilla, ^ 
Z 



Curruca, i?ec//«i 
Acce 



■ M. lyra, Vieill. the Lyre 

Saxicola, Bechst Mot. rubicola, L. Stonechat 

Sylvia, Wolf. . • • . . Mot. rubecula, L. Redbreast 

Mot. luscinia, L. Nightingale 

_ , , f Mot. Alpina, Gm. .^/niwe M'flr- 
ntor, Bechst. A },]„ . 

_ , ^ f Mot. reguhis, L. Gold-crested 

Reeuhis, tuv. . . -{ 

^ ' ( wren 

^ , , „ fMot. troglodytes, L. Common 

Troglodytes, Cuv. < o j t 

=■ - ' (^ -wren 

Motacilla, prop.Ciiii.M. alba, L. White wagtail 

Budyte.s, Cuv Mot. Hava, L. Yellow wagtail 

Anthus, Bechst. . . . Alaudatrivialis, Gm. Field lark 



CLASS ir. AVES. 



XVll 



ORDER II. — Passeres {continued). 




XI. Pipra, L 



{: 



Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Rupicola, Briss, .. .Pip. rupicola, L, Rock manakin 

Calyptomenes, Hori.C. viridis, Hors. 

r,. ^ ^ P. rubrocapilla, Pall. Red- 

Pipra, prop. Ciw. . { , , ■ 

r ' r r f capped manakin 

XII. Eurylaimus, Hors .Todus macrorhyncus, Gm. 

I Hirundo/.i ^' ^yP^elus, Illig ... .WixnndiO a.^v,s, h. Swift 

' ' \ 2. Hirundo, prop, Cuv.Yi. iirbica, L. Window swallow 

1. Caprimulgus, > ^ Europfeus, L. Goat -sucker 
prop. Cuv. ... J 

„ < P. Cuvieri, Vieill. Ash-coloured 

* ' " ■ ^ goat-sucker 

I. Alauda, Z A. arvensis, L. Skijlark 

' 1. Parus, prop. Cmw. . .P. major, L. Great titmouse 

\ ^ ^, . „ f Par. biarmicus, L. Bearded 

2. Mystacinus, £ore| ^.^^^^^^^ 

J „ „ . _ f Par. pendulinus, L. Penduline 

r 6. Remiz, Cuv < .-, 

L > " • ^ titmouse 

^ 1. Emberiza, prop, f E. miliaria, L. Common hun- 

) Cuv \ ting 

f ■ ,, " ' > Emb. nivalis, L. Snoiv hunting 

X , „, „ f Oriolus textor, Gm. Weaver 

I 1. Ploceus, Cuv.^.. ■{ ■ , 

' ( oriole 

- „ . ^ ( Frinff. domestica, L. House 

2. Pyrsita, Cuv. . . , { 
■' ° ' i sparrow 

3. Fringilla, prop. Citf.F. coelebs, L. Chaffinch 

4. Carduelis, Cmj; Fring. carduelis, L. Goldfinch 

_ T • • r. , f Fring. cannabina, L. Great 

5. Linana, Bechst- ^ " 



s 

o 



II. Capri- \ 
mulgus, LA 



II. Parus, L. 



III. Emberi- 
za, L . 



IV. Fringilla, 
Z 



6. Serinus, Gm , . 

7. Vidua, Cuv. . . 

8. Coccothraustes, 

Cuv 



/I 

(^ linnet 
Fring. canaria, L. Canary bird 
V. longicauda, L. Long-tailed 
widow-bird 

\ Loxia coccoth. L. Common 

\ gross- beak 

\ q Pitvln. C,n, ....'> ^"'"'^ Srossa, L. White-throat- 
\ •^- ^ '^y'"^' ^"^- I ed gross-beak 

V. Pyrrhula ^ Cuv Loxia, pyrrhula, L. Bulfinch 

VI. Loxia, Briss L. curvirostra, L. Crossbill 

VII. Corythus, Cuv \ ^"'''^ enucleator, L. Pine 

•' ' I grossbeak 

VIII. Colius, Gm c. capensis, Gm. Cape coly 

IX. Buphaga, Briss B. Africana, Vaill. Beefeater 

Xn^co^^..^ ^ n ■ ry f C. bifasciatus, Spix, 2"ifo-irtHC?- 

• l^assiCUS . . . 1. Cassicus,prop. C;ry. ^ , . ' ^ ' 

^ ^ {^ ed cassique 



1 The two genera of this family, like the two grand subdivisions of the Acci- 
pitres, present a natural distinction of habit, the first being birds that seek tlieir 
prey by day, the second only by night. 

* It does not seem very evident from the text, whether Pyrrhula should be a 
genus, or only a subgenus of Fringilla; in truth, the transitions, particularly in 
this family, are often so gradual as to elude all attempts at definition. 



XVlll 



DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER II. — Passeres (continued). 



Family. Genus. 

I 

X. Cassicus, 
(coni.).,. 

XI. Sturnus, L . 

l\ 

S XII. Corvus,Z. 

O 

XIII. Coracias, 

g L 

\XIV. Paradiseaj 

I. Sitta, L 



Suhgeniis. Example of Species. 

2 Tpf pf c f Oriolus Cayanus, Lath. Yelloiu- 

\ winged oriole 

3. Xanthornus | Embceriza pecoris, Wils. Cow- 

( bunting 

4. Oxyrhincus, Tem. . . 0. flammiceps, Tem. 

5. Dacnis, Cuv \ M°;acilla Cayana, Cayenne 

( narbler 



S. vulgaris, L. Common stare 

1 . Corvus, prop. Cuv. . . C. frugilegus, L. Rook 

2. Pica, Cuv Corv. pica, L. Magpie 

3. Garrulus, Cuv Corv. cristatus, L. Blue jay 

4. Caryocatactes, Cuv , . Corv. caryocat. L. Nutcraclcer 

. ™ . r^ .,, f Corv. varians, Lath. Variable 

5. Temia, A aiH -I 

' (^ crow 

6. Glaucopis, Forst. . . . G. cinerea, Lath. Wattle-bird 
fl. Coracias, prop. Cuv. .C. garrula, L. Garrulous roller 
\ 2. Colaris, Cuv Coracias x^fra, L. African roller 

J ^ P. apoda, L. Great bird of 
.....j^ Paradise 

( , n-,x /-I fS. Europsea, L. Common nut- 

y- Sitta.prop. C«....| ,^^^^;/ 

< 2. Xenops, Illig X. rutilus, Licht. 

i 3. Anabates, Tem A. cristatus, Spix 

V, 4. Synallaxis, Vieill. . . S. ruficapilla, Vieill.' 

"^ ^ xu- /-( fC. familiaris, Gm. Europeati 

Certnia, prop. Cuv. < ' '^ 

^ ^ (_ creeper 

Dendrocolaptes, J Gracula Scandens,Lath.C//?«6- 

Herm 

Brown 



V2 

o 

w \ 
H \ 



II. Certhia, L. 



\ ing grakle 

„. , , rii- fCerth. fusca, Lath 

Tichodroma, Ilhg.. < , ' 

f Certh. cardinalis, Vieill. Car- 



> 



III. Trochilus, 
L 



Nectarina, Illig. , . 

Dicseum, Cuv 

6. Melithreptus, Vi- 
eill 

7- Cinnyris, Cuv . . . . 

8. Arachnotheres, 

Tem 

1. Trochilus, prop 

Lac 

2. Orthorhynchus, 

Lac 



K 



IV. Upupa, L,. 



1. 



dinal creeper 
f Certh. rubra, Vieill. Scarlet 
\ creeper 

{Certh. pacifica, Vieill. Great 
hooJc-billed creejxr 
t Certh. famosa, Gm. SJiining 
\ creeper 

{A. longirostra, Tem. Long 
billed spider-eater 
JT.pella, Gm. Topaz humming- 
\ bird 

J Troch. gigas, Vieill. &iant 
^ humming-bird 

„•,/-( i Corvus gracula, L. the Crave 

Fregilus, Cuv < r t? 

° ' I oj Europe 

Upupa, prop. Ciiv. ..U. epops, L. Common hoopoe 
Promerops, Briss. . . Up. promerops, L. Cape hoopoe 
Epimachus, Cuv, , . .Up. magna, Gm. Great hoopoe 



• These being all South American species, have no English name. 



CLASS II. — AVES. XIX 

ORDER II. — Passeres (continued). 

Family. Genus. Example of Species. 

/ T i\T T ? M. apiaster, Gm. Common bee- 

I. Merops, L J J^^ 

II. Prionites, 111^.. i^' Brasiliensis, III. Brazilian 
' o ^ motmot 

V. SyNDACTYLi..(in. Alcedo, L \ ^-^X^^^' ^- ^~« ^-^- 

i IV. Ceyx, Lacep.. . . ? ^^^- f.^^'^ft' ^''"' ^'"■'" 

•^ ' •' (_ toed langflsher 

V. Todus, L T. viridis, Gm. Green tody 

-TTT D r f B. rhinoceros, L. rhinoceros 

This fifth famUy is also the second general subdivision of the 
order distinguished, as we above explained, by the union of its toes, 
whence the name. 



ORDER III.— SCANSORES. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

( 1. Galbula, Brtss G. viridis, Lath. Green jacamar 

1. Jacamar, Cuv,<2. Jacamerops, Le J AlceAo granAis, Gm. Great ja- 



Vaill. \ camar 

ri. P 
II 



(\. Picus,Z«e P- ^7*^''' ^™- ^''''' '"°°'^- 

PicUS, CuV. ..) \ Veclier 

(2. Picoides, Lacep... f P- tridactylus Edw. Three- 
y, toed ivoodpecker 

III. Yunx, Lin. Y. torquilla, L. the Wryneck 

"1. Cuculus, prop. ftiW' • C. canorus, L. Common cuckoo 

n rt T7- -77 ^ Cue. seniculus, L. Mangrove 

2. Conas, Vaill < , ' *= 

' I cuckoo 

y^r n ^ r ) ^- Cenixo^ns, Illig. . .\^''''- f^^'^'''''' ^- ^SVPtian 

IV. Cuculus, L. .^ i ' to 1^ cuckoo 

4. Leptosomus, Vieill. .Cue. Afer, L. African courol 

Indicator, Vaill.. . X^""'' /"^icator, Vaill. Honey 
' I cuckoo 

r. y,. r^- -71 S Cue. tranquillus, L. Wax-bill 

b. Monasa, Vteill. ..,< , .7 , 

V. Phoenicophaeus, Vieill p. Javanicus, Hors. 

17T a L\ T ti S S. Australasiae, Sh. Psittaceous 

VI. Scythrops, Lath J ,^^,.,^. ^.^^ 

C ■, T, ■ TIT S Buc. dubius, Gm. Groove-bill- 

i I. Pagomas, 7««ff. ..{ ,, ,. ' 

VII. Bucco L } < ed barbican 

' j 2. Bueco, prop. Cuv. . . B. grandis, L. Great barbet 

V 3. Tamatia, Cuv Buc. collaris,L.Co/Za?'erf barbet 

VIII. Trogon, L T. viridis, L. Green trogon 

IX.Crotophaga, L C. major, Vieill. 

X. Ramphastos, J 1. Rhamphastos,prop.| _ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

.... .... ^2_ ptcroglossus, ///«g-. , .Ramph.viridis,L. Gi-cen toucan 

c 2 



XX : 



DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER III. — ScANSoRES (continued). 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

/ \ Ara 1< 11 fPs. Macao, L. Red and blue 

' ' ' ••••.• -^ maccaw 



XT. Psittacus, L. . 



2. Conurus Ara, Cm?;. 



f Ps. vittatus, Vaill. Banded 



rakeet 
Great white 



XII. Corythaix, III 

XIII. Musophaga, Isert 



\ parrakeet 
/Ps. 

Horsf. \ parrakeet 

4 Platycercus, Vii^. I _. . t t., , 
& Horsf. ...... \ ^^- "'Ser, L. Black par. 

5. Plyctolophus, YP. cristatus, 

Vieill. , \ cockatoo 

6. Psittacus, prop, Cay. Ps. erythacus, L. Grey parrot 

7. Lory Sh. . . . Ps. lori, L. Black-capped lory 

8. Psittaculus, Kuhl. .Ys.t^itmx\\xs,Gn\.Violet parrot 

9. Microglossus, Vieill.'Ps. gigas. Lath. Black cockatoo 

in -r, Til- (Ps. formosus, Vaill. Ground 

10. Pezoporus, Illig.. < , ' 

^ l parrot 

\ Cuculus Persa, L. Touraco 

' ^ plantain-eater 

% M. violacea, Vieill. Fiolet 

I plantain- eater 



ORDER IV.— Gallinacea. 

Most of our barn-door fowl, and many excellent game-birds, are 
to be found in this order, which takes its name from Gallus galli- 
naceus, the common cock and hen. It is composed in a great 
measure of one natural family, and is divided into genera, sub- 
genera, and species. 

Genus. Subge^ius. Example of Species. 

/ \. Crax, L C. alecta, L. Crested curassow 

I Alector Mer- ^ 2. Ouvax, Czw Qr&x'pa.nx\,lj.Cushew curassow 

' ^ 3. Penelope, Merrem. . . P. pipile, Jacq. Piping curassow 

^^^'* J 4. Ortalida, Me?TC?».. . . Catraca, Buff. 

,- ^5. Opisthocomus, \ Phasianus cristatus, L. crested 

Hofmans / pheasant 

_ ^ ,. (\. Pavcprop. C«i;..|P-"'^f'^'"^' ^- Common pea- 

II. Pavo, Lin... ..) ^ ^ ) cock 

}2. Lophophorus,rm.-f^- fef^'ge^s, Tem. Impeyan 
V. r r 1^ pheasant 

III. Meleagris, Lin. / M.^gallopavo, L. Common tur- 

IV. Numida?, Lin N. meleagris, L. Guinea-fowl 

^\. Gallus, L Ph. gallus, L. Common poultry 

2. Phasianus, prop, f Ph. colchicus, L. Common 

Cuv \ pheasant 

V. Phasianus, Lin.( -'- Houppiferes, Tem. ..Ph. Ignitus, Sh. 

\ 4 Trao-ofar Cuv . -f '^'^Is^S^^ satyrus, Lath, the 
I ' o ' ) . . c . -^ Nepaul, or Horned pheasant 
\b, Cryptonyx, Tem. , , , C, covonatus, Tem. 
12 



VI. Tetrao, Lin. . i 



CLASS II. AVES. XXI 

ORDER IV. — Gallinacea {continued). 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Sj^ecies. 

(\. Tetrao, propo Lath..T. tetrix, L. Black grotis 

2. Lagopus, L Tet. lagopus, L. Ptarmigan 

3. Pterocles, rm. ..-C^"'- ^^'=^^^^' ^- ^»'-^««'^e^ 
t. grous 

4. Francolinus, Tem..i'^^^- ffnjolin"s. L- Francolin 
( partridge 

5. Perdix, prop {'^%dT^'''' ^' ^°'"'"°'' P""""' 

6. Coturnix, Tet. coturnix, L. Quail 

7. Colinus / '^^'- California, Lath. Call- 

( jornian quail 

VII. TridaCylus, ( 1. c.ygis, /«i, { "'^^^Sr,»«'r"" ^''"'■ 

Lttcif.... \^ Syrrhaptes./Sfc..!''"-!;™''"""™'''''"- ■"""• 
TTTTTT'' (. rocltte grous 

VllJ. imamus, | ] . Pezus, 6)jzj; Tet. major, Gm. 

Lath N 2. Tinamus, Spix . . , . T. inambui, Azz. 

V3. Rliyncotus, Spix..,,T. rufescens, Tem. 
rl. Columbo-gallina, f C. carunculata, Tem. Carun- 

\ Vaill \ culated pigeon 

IX. Columba,Lk.<2. Co\^^h^,^^J^<^^■^^c,,^,,,,,^l^_ Turtle-dove 

'3. Virago, C«^ -f^°^- Australis, Lath. Ma^a- 

° (_ gascar pigeon 



ORDER v.— Orally. 

These are generally long-legged wading birds, for the most part 
living in the vicinity of water, if we except the ostrich and casso- 
wary, which indeed did not originally belong to this order, as esta- 
blished by Linnaeus. Cuvier divides the entire order into five 
families, which we shall indicate by braces, and three distinct ge- 
nera, which cannot well be reduced to any of the five families, and 
which he seems to think may almost be looked on as constituting 
little families in themselves. The families he has named are, 1. 
Brevipennes, containing genera i. and ii. ; 2. Pressirostres, contain- 
ing genera iii — viii. ; 3. Cultrirostres, containing genera ix — xviii. ; 
4. Longirostres, containing genera xix. and xx. ; and, 5. Macro- 
dactyli, containing genera xxi — xxiv. ; after which come the three 
detached and concluding genera. 



Genus. Example of Species. 

i • /- 

> M 1 I. Struthio, L S. camehis, L. the Ostrich 

^l';iTT rnqmnns Rr/f? f Struth. casuaiius, L. the C«s- 

Pq ^ J 11. L-asuarms, huss | ^^^^^^ 



XXll 



DIV, I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER V. — Gkall^ (continued). 



Family. 
I 



Genus, 



Subgenus. 



TTT /-».• r f Otis tarda 

III- Otis,Z I ^^^^ 



Example of Species. 

L. the Great buz- 



IV. Chara- 
drius, L . . 



,T-, ,. ™ fCEd. crepitans, Tern. Thick- 

ffidicnemus, Tern, i . ^ J. j 



Charadrius, 
Cuv 



o 



V. Trin- 

ga, Z , . . 









prop. fCh. pluvialis, L. the Golden 
( plover 

1 „ . 1 /-. r Trinsa helvetica, L. the Sand 

1. Squatarola, Cuv... < . 
^ ' (^ piper 

2. Vanelhis, Cuv. ... j^""^^ ^"""""^' ^- *" ^'^^- 

TTT TT i J- fH. ostralesus, L. Pied oyster- 

VI. Hsematopus, L | ^^,^;^^,. => ' ^ ^ 

TrTT m T- J 777 f Charadrius GalHcus, L. Com- 

VII. Tachydromus, III | „^„,^ ^,^,,,^ 

VIII. Dicliolophus, //^ Palamedea cristata, Gm. 

?, „ ,. _ (^s-cxemisxiSflj. Gold-breasted 

IX. Grus, I 1- P^^Pl^'^' ^ t <™4^<^ier 

(7?{t; "i 2. Grus, prop. Cmw. . . . Ardea grus, L. Common crane 

(.3. Eurypyga, 7^% Ardea helias, L. Sun-bird 

X. Cancroma, L C. cocMearia, L. the Boat-bill 

1. Ardea, prop, Cuv. . .A. major, L. the Common heron 

2. Onores, Cuv Ard. tigrina, L. Tiger bittern 

ITT A vr1o!i ,i 3. Aigrettes, C!<?;. ..... Ard. alba, L. Grec^ e^reit 

Ai. iimea, / .^^^_ stellaris, L. European 

Cuv i 4. Bostaurus, L | ^.^^^^^ 

, „., „ f Ard. nycticorax, L. the Nisht 

5. Bihoreaux, Cuv. .. i j „,„, 
' ( heron 

XII. Ciconia, Cuv . Ard.ciconia,L. the White stork 

-VTTTT HT ^ • r fM. Americana, L. American 

XIIL Myctena, L | _^.^j.„^ 

XIV. Scopus, Br'iSS. S. umbretta, L. Tufted umbre 

XV. Anastomus, III Ard. ponticeriana, Gm. 

XVI. Dromas, Paykull ^ ^^.^^^^^ 

XVII. Tantalus, L T. loculator, L. Wood ibis 

^ir-cTTTT TIT > 1 r fP- leucorodia, Gm. White 

XVIII. rlatalea, L i 



( D. ardeola, Payk. Abyssinian 



spoo)ibill 

/'--,. „ S J. religiosa, Cuv. the Sacred 

/!• ^bis, C«i; \ .J./ 



i 



XIX. Scolo- 
pax, L. . 



2. Numenius, Czw. 



•{ 



\»' 



Scolopax arcuata, L. the Cur- 
lew 
Scolopax, prop. Cuv. .S. rusticola, L. the Woodcock 

„, , „ fSc. capensis, Gm. the Cape 

Rhynchsea, C«2;... j ^^^.^^^ 

n , ^ S S. leucophsea. Lath. Common 
Lmiosa, J3.c7..^ . . -j ^^^^^.^ 

_ . „ f T. grisea, Lath, the Grizzled 

Trmga, Tern ....-! ^ , . 
° ' (^ sandpiper 

„ , , f Charadrius caladris, Gm. the 
Arenana, Bechst.. S c< j ;■ 

' (^ Sanderling 

„ ,.j „ f Fringa cinclus, L, Common 

Pelidna, Cuv -; ° , , 

' ( sea-lark 



CLASS II. — AYES. 



XXIU 



ORDER V. — Grall^ (continued). 



Family 



^ / 



o 
1-1 



^ \ 



XIX. Sco- 
lopax, L. 
(cont.) . . , 



13. Strepsilas, III. 

14. Totanus, Cuv. 



Genus. Suhgenus. Example of Species. 

^ 9. Falcinellus Scol. pygmaea, L. 

10. Machetes, C««. . . | ^""^^ P^^"^'^' ^- ^»#^««'^- 
( piper 

11. Enrynorhynchus, f Platalea pygmaea, L. Dwarf 
Wils \ spoonbill 

12. Phalaropus, Briss- • Tringa lobata, L. 
f Tr. intei-pres, L. the Tzirn- 
\ stone 

( Scolop. glottis, L. Greenshank- 
\ ed snipe 

15. Lobipes, Cuv Tringa liyperborsea, L. 

16. Himantopus, f Charadiius himantopus, L. 

Briss \ Long-legged plover 

-v-v Tt • J. T S R. Americana, Lath. Ame- 

XX. Recurvirostra, L \ ^.^^^ ^^^^^^ 

XXI. Parra, L p. jacana, L. the Jacana 

f 1 . Palamedea,prop. Cuv.Y. cornuta, L. Horned screamer 

XXII. Pala- 7 o rv, • ^ 5 Parra chavaria, L. Faithful 

-, -^ ~\ ^. v^naia, ^x%. • • ■ * . s 
medea, L..\ I jacana 

V3. Megapodius M. duperrey. Less. & Gam. 

XXIII. Rallus, L. , R. aquaticus, L. Water rail 

1. Gallinula, 5ms. & \ Ful. chloropus, L. Common 
Lath J water-hen 

2. Porphyrio,£m5..-fF"\P°7^y"°' ^- ^""'P^' 
■^ •' (. gallinule 

3. Fulica, prop. Briss., F. atra, L. the Coot 

-v-vTr 17- • T r ^/ fV. chionis, Lath. IFhite 

XXV. Vaginalis, Lath | sheath-bill 

XXVI. Glareola, Gm \ ^'E;"™^"' ^'^'^'- '^' ^'''" 

XXVII. Phoenicopterus, L Ph. ruber, L, Red flamingo 



XXIV. Fuli- 
ca, L. . .. 



ORDER VL— Palmipedes. 



This order contains generally such birds as are web-footed, and 
fitted for an aquatic life. It is divided into four natural families ; 
1. \he Brachyjitera, or Divers ; 2. the Loiigijoennes, or High-flying 
birds ; 3. the Totipalmes, in which the thumb, as well as the other 
toes, is included in the common web or membrane of the foot ; and, 
4. the Lamellirostres, which have the bill furnished with rows of 
laminae, resembling fine teeth. 



XXIV DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER VI.— Palmipedes. 

Family. Genus. Suhgenus. Example of Species. 

!\. Colymbus, prop. fC. cristatus, Gm. Crested 
Briss \ grele 
2. Heliornis, Bormat.i^- Senegalensis, Yieill. Afri- 
(. can coot-grebe 
3. Mergus, Briss. . . . -f ^"l". glacialis, L. Northern 
i diver 
4. Uria, Briss. & ///.. i ^°^- "■°'^^' ^- ^°°^''^ S^^^^^- 
(. mot 
5. Cephus Col. minor, L. Little grebe 

" \ TI Alra 7" /^' ^ratercula, ^Wm. . . Alca arctica, L. P(#n 

' i 2. Alea, prop. Cuv. ..i^' ^°'''^^. ^ P''^^' ^- ^^'^'"°'' 

V "^ '■ |_ penguin 

^,y . (\- Aptenodytes, prop, f Ap. Patagonica, Gm. Palago- 

111. Apteno- \ Cuv \ nian penguin 

dytes, k2. Catarrliactes, ( Apt. chrysocoma, Gm. Crested 

Forst . . . . / Briss. \ penguin 

" ^3. Spheniscus, Briss.. l^"^'^- ^emersa, Gm. Cape pen- 

t SUt7l 






IV. Procella- 



/ 1. Procellaria,prop. C«y.P. pelagica, Br. 5^or7K«/^e;?-eZ 

\2. Puffinis, JS;-m.. .. jP''°'=- Anglorum, Tem. Manks 
J (. petrel 



ria, Z '\3. Halodroma, Illig. . { ^'"'•..."r^*"'"' ^'"- ^'"'''"^ 

Pachyptila, /Z^/s-. . 4 , .,, , , , 
■'^ \ hilled petrel 



A ''I petrel 

f 4. P^'-hvntn. /;/;^ /Proc. vittata, Forst. JSroa^- 



V. Diomedea, L /D. exulans, h. Wandering al- 

( batross, or Man-oj-war bird 

/-I o^i-i^^i 7? ^ fLarus marinus, Gm. Black- 

,» ( i I . Goeland, Buff. ... -J , , , , ' 

g \ \ ' -y 1^ headed gull 

VI. Larus,Z. ^2. Monette, Buff.... i^^'l^ cyanorhynchus, Meyer, 
Y I Common gull 

(3. Lestris, Illig i^^'- Parasitacus, Gm. Arctic 

VTT ^t I S'"'' 

Vli. Oterna, ^i sterna, prop. Cuv. ..St. hirundo, L. Great tern 

^ \2. Noddis, Cuv St. stolida, L. the Noddy 

VIII. Rhynchops, Z. . . . , . {^' clTivat'er^^'"'^ skimmer,or 

^ -I r\ . 1 n ■ fPel. onocrotalus, L. Cotnmon 

u3 / r 1. Onocrotalus, i>rM*. ^ ,. ' 

w / x-iT- p 1 % i pelican 

g I 1 A. releca- ^ 2. Carbo, Meyer Pel. carbo, L. the Cormorant 

nus, L. ..< xachypetes, Fieill. {^^'l^J^'"'' ^' ^'•^«'/'%«^«- 
g ( V 4. Sola, Briss Pel. sula, L. the Booby 

^ • X. Plotus, L. F\ melanogaster, L. Black- 

' ( bellied darter 

XL Phaeton, L -f Ph- cethereus, Gm. Tropic- 

' \ bird 

/ , „ ,, < Anas olor, L. Tame or Mute 

I 1. Cygnus, M??/c;- ..{ 

a JO ' J ^ sivan 

S ^ 1 XII. AniS / (^' ^'^s^^'f Briss. ...... An. anser, L. Commo7i goose 

Sb^ V 'vIqt -Di.f An. leucopsis, Bechst. Ber- 

H^ I j L W 3. Leucopsis, Bechst.. | ^^^^^^^ 

• p=i I 11..-. • r .1 fCer. chiereus, Lath. New Hoi- 

\ V 4. Ccreopsis, />«//(. . . -J , , 
V r ; ^ /rtwf/ cereopsis 



CLASS II. — AVES. 



XXV 



ORDER VI. — Palmipedes f continued J . 



Family. 



< EH 

T CO 

1-^ o 

. Pi 



Ge7ius. 



XII. Anas, 
(co«L). 



is 



Sicbgenus. Example of Species. 

5. Oidemia, Flein An. nigra, L. Scoter duck 

a r^i 17-1. f An. histrionica, L. Harlequin 
b. Clangula, Leach -{ ? j. 

7- Somateria, Zeac^. .An. mollissima, L. Eider goose 

8. Fuligula, Leach . . . An. ferina, L. Pochard duck 

9. Rhynchaspis,ieac/z.An. clypeata, L. the Shoveler 
10. Tadoma, Bel. ..... An. tadoma, L. the Shieldralce 



-VTTT TVT T f M. merganser, L. the Goo5a?i- 

XIII. Mergus, L | ^^^^ ° 



Note. — The great genus A7ias is primarily divided into three subgenera : swans, 
geese, and ducks; which we have indicated by interior braces ; the swans forming 
only one subgenus, but the geese and ducks several. The last subgenus, tadoma, 
is still further subdivided, and made to contain the Muscovy duck, the mallard, the 
teal, &c. ; but our limits prevent us entering into such minute details. 



XXVI DIV. I. VERTEBRATA, 



VERTEBRATA. 



CLASS III.— REPTILIA. 

Reptiles are divided into four sufficiently natural orders ; the 
Chelonian, Saurian, Ophidian, and Batrachian, severally represented 
by the Tortoise, the Lizard, the Serpent, and the Frog. The last 
of these is remarkable for presenting in early life a structure differ- 
ent from that which it is to assume when adult : thus the young 
tadpole, it is well known, breathes by gills, and in some genera of 
this order the gills are never lost. An easy transition is thus 
formed from the class Reptiles to the subsequent class Fish. 



Class. Order. 

\. Chelonia {Tortoise hind) 

-p 12. Sauria {Lizard kind) 

1 3. Opliidia {Serpent hind) 

4. Batrachia {Frog hind) 



ORDER I.— Chelonia. 

This order contains but one genus, the Linnsean genus Testudo, 
which has been divided into five subgenera, as follow. 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1, Testudo, prop.'^ 
Brong. (Land- >T. graeca, L. Common tortoise 
tortoises) ) 

2. Emys, Brong. ") 
(Fresh-water v Test, orbicularis, L. Speckled 
tortoises) / tortoise 

L Testudo, i J S. Che\oma Brong.^ , ,^ 

(Sea-tortoises, or VTest. mydas, L. Green turtle 

turtles) J 

14. Chelys, ^""^er.^ ^est. fimbriata, Gm. Fimbri- 
(Frog-mouthed V „i,a tortoise 

tortoises) J 

5. Trionyx, Geoff.\Test. triunguis, Forsk. Soft 
(Soft tortoises). . / tortoise of the Nile. 



CLASS III.— REPTILIA. 



XXVU 



ORDER II.— Sauria. 

From the considerable differences existing between animals pos- 
sessing the general characters of this order, it has been found ne- 
cessary to divide it into six families, represented severally by the 
Crocodiles, Monitors, Iguanas, Geckos, Cameleons, and Skinks ; of 
these families, the first and fifth have each only one genus, the 
second two, and the others have several genera. 



Family. 




Genus. 

I. Crocodilus, 
Br 



I. Gavial, Cuv. 



Monitor . 



II. Lacerta 



( I. Stellio, 
Cuv. , 



V 



II. Agama, j 
Daiid. . \ 



Example of Species. 
C Lacerta Gangetica, Gm. Gavial 
I of ilie Ganges 
'2. Crocodilus, f Lacert. crocodilus, L. Commofi 

prop. Cuv . . . . \ crocodile 

3. Alligator, Cuv..\ Crocod sclerops, Schn. Spec 

° I tacled cayma7i 

L Monitor, prop. I Lacerta Nilotica, L. Monitor of 

Cuv \ the Nile 

2. Ameiva, Cuv . . . . Lac. ame'iva, L. 

L Lacerta, prop. ( L. ocellata, Daud. Great green 

Cuv \ lizard 

2. Algyra, Cuv Lac. alegyra. L. 

3. Tachydromus, ( T. sexlineatus, Daud. Chinese 
Baud \ Jieet lizard 

1. Cordylus, Gronov.h&c. cordylus, L. 

2. Stellio, prop.Dawrf.Lac. stellio, L. Levant lizard 

3. Doryphorus, C!<?;. Stellio brevicaudatus, Seb. 

4. Uromastix, 3 Stell. spinipes, Daud. Egyp- 
Cuv \ tian whip-tail 

Agama, prop. ( A. barbata, C. Ocellated agama 

Cuv \ of New Holland 

rr, n f Lacert. orbicularis, L. Tapa- 

Tapayus, Ctiv.. < ■ r nr ■ 

^ •' ' ( yaxm of Mexico 

Trapelus, Cuv. . . T. jEgyptius, Geoff. 

Lecolepis, Cuv. . . L. guttatus, Cuv. 

Tropidolepis, Cuv. Ag. undulata, Daud. 

Leposoma, Spix ..L. tropidosaurus, Boie 

Calotes, Cuv Lac. calotes, L. 

8. Lophyrus, 
Dumer. - 

9. Gonocephalus, 
Kanp. 

10. Lyriocephalus, 



/"• 



f Agam, gigantea, Kuhl. Lizard 
\ with forked helmet 



_ , ' /- L. margaritaceus, Mer. 
Merrem ) 

s,y 

Cuv / 



IL Brachylophus, 



Bronff. 



Iguane k bandes. 
Banded iguana 
^12. Physignathus, \ p_ .occineus, Cuv. 
Ctiv J 

mT ,. y^ f Lacert. amboinensis, Gm. the 

• Istmrus, Cuv | Crest-bcarer 

1. Draco, prop. Cuv. D. viridis, Daud. Green dragon 

^ „. „ f S. ponticeriana, Cuv. Pondi- 

2. Sitana, Cuv ....-( , • , 
' ( cherry sitana 

3.? Pterodactylus, Giy.Fossil pterodactylus, Cuv. 



IV. Draco, f ^ 



1 



d 2 




XXVlll DIV. I. VERTEBRATA. 

ORDER II.— Sauria (continued). 

Famihj. Genus. Example of Species. 

Y. Iguana, prop. Cuv.... i^^": ^°"''"^' ^: Common Ame- 
^ -^ (. rican iguana 

VI. Opryessa, Bote Lac. superciliosa, L. 

YIl. Basiliscus, Baud. . . . / Lac. basiliscus, L. Guiana basi- 

VIII. PoJyclirus, Cuv Lac. marmorata, L. 

IX. Ecphimotes, Fitzing . . Agama tuberculata, Spix 

X. Opiums, Cuv /O. torquatus, Cuv. Black-col- 

t laved queizpaleo nf Brazil 

I XI. Anolius, Cuv -f ^^"- ^'f ^'^'■' <^"^- ^''^"^ "'^'^^'^ 

(. anolis. 

Of the Iguaniens, genera i — iv. have no palatine teeth ; genera 
V — xi. have. This gives rise to two sections, indicated by the inte- 
rior braces. To the last section would belong the fossil animal of 
Maestricht called Mososaurus. 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Platvdactvlus . . . . ^ Lacert.facetanus, Aldrov. Wall 
' ' ' ' ( gecko 
^ , - 2. Hemidactvius ....\ Geck.verruculatus,Cuv. TFarty 

Gecko, I ■ ( gecko 

Baud. A ^" Thecadactylus Geek, laevis, D. Smooth gecko 

§ / " J 4. Ptyo-dactylus. . . . \ L'^^"''- °^^^°' Hasselq. House 

a \ It gecko 

O i 15. Spheriodactvlus . . \ Lacert.sputator, Sparm. ^^W- 

I ^ ' ( ed gecko 

^ I II. Stenodactylus, Cuv s. guttatus, Geoff. 

'"' j III. Gymnodactylus, Sjnx G. geckoides, Spix 

I IV. Phyllurus, Cuv Stellio phyllmus, Schn. 

V. Came- I j^ Chaniceleo ( Laceita Africana, Gm. Com- 

LEONIENS, J " \ inon cameleon 

T r. ■ ^ ( Lacerta scincus, L. Officinal 

I. Scincus, ( L -^""™^' P^°P- ^"''- i skink 

Baud. .> 2. Tiliqua, Gr««. . . . j^^""""^"'' ^''"^- ^W^^«^- 
^ ^ ' ^ j^ ley-wasp 

II. Seps, Daud S. scincoides, Cuv. 

III. Bipes, Lacep {^I'Jrr' ^"' ^"'""-^""''^ 

IV. Chalcides, Daud Lac. tetradactyla, Lacep. 

-rr ,'■,1 • , /-I f Lac. lumbrocoi'des, Sh. Worm- 

\ . Chirotes, Cur. | ^;^^^^^^^ ^.^„^^,.^_ 

The five subgenera of the genus Gecko all agree in having the 
toes wide and dilated ; the Stenodactyli and Gymnodactyli want this 
character, and are therefore placed as separate genera. To the pre- 
ceding family, the Iguaniens, belong the Geosurus, Negulosaurus, 
Iguanodon, and many other fossil animals. 






CLASS III. — REPTILIA. 



XXIX 



ORDER III.— Ophidia. 

This order is primarily divided into three families : 1 . the Snakes, 
Anguis ; 2. the true Serpents; and, 3. the naked Serpents. Of 
these, the 1st and 3d contain each but one genus ; the 2d contains 
all the rest, and, as these differ in several respects, is subdivided, 
1st, into two tribes, the Double-marcheurs, that is, those that move 
with either end foremost, and the Serpents proper, which always 
advance with the head in front. The Serpents proper are then di- 
vided according as they are non-venomous or venomous ; and after- 
wards these latter according as they have isolated fangs, or fangs ac- 
companied by the ordinary jaw teeth. Finally come the division 
into genera, subgenera, and species ; but of all these our plan and 
limits will only permit us to notice the families, genera, and subge- 
nera, illustrating as usual vidth a specific example of each. 



P 
o 



CO 



Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Pseudopus, 71/errem. .Lacerta apoda, Pall. 
Ovhisauvus, Baud. i^^'S- ^entraUs, L. Glass ser- 
^ (. pe7it 

I. Anguis, L.. <3. Anguis, prop. C«., I ^•^'■^g"'^' ^- ^°"''"°" ^^'""^ 
i a J 1- 1 j^ worm 

( 4. Acontias . . -f "^"S- meleagris, L. Javelin 

( snaA-e, or Cape pintado snake 

I. Amphisbsena, L Amph. alba, Lacep. 

II. Typhlops, ScJin T. braminus, Cuv. 

III. Tortrix, Oppd {^"S. ''^''^'' ^' ^^''"^^"''' 

IV. Uropeltis, Cuv U. C'eylauicus, Cuv. 

[ ^ T> n f B. constrictor, L. the Boa 

\ 1. Boa, prop. Cuv.. \ , ■ . 

\ ' 1. r ^ constrictor 

V. Boa, L . . < 2. Scytale, Mer S. coronata, Merr. 

J 3. Erix E. anguiformis, Schn. 

^ 4. Erpetus, Lacep.. ..E. tentaculatus, Lac. 

r 1. Python, Baud. . . -( ^"': J^^^i^us, Sh. Great ad- 
•' ( der oj the ISunaa Isles 

2. Cerberus, Cuv Col. cerberus, Daud. 

3. Xenopeltis, Reinw. .X. concolor, Reinw. 

4. Heterodon, ( H. nigricans, Beauv. Blackish 
Beauv \ pig-nosed serpent 

CL xj ■ n 1 f Col. hurriah, Russ. the Hur- 

5. Hurria, Daud. . . -{ ■ , r t> 
( riali Of Bengal 

6. Bunjanus, Oyj/^t;/. . . Col. bucephalus, Sh. 

7. Dendrophis.i^i^s;- ? r. i j ci, 
' . ^ ) ' "- I Col. decorus, Sh. 

ing $ 

o T> • ji^ S Col. nasutus, Russ. Sliar/i- 

8. Drymus, Merrem. I i u 
•^ I nosed adder 

9. Dryophis, Fitzing. .Col. fulgidus. Daud. 
Col. punctatus, Lat 



VI. Coluber, 
L 



10. Oligodon, Boic . . < ,, 



Spoiled 



11. Coluber, 
Cuv 



prop. ^ Col. natrix, L. the Collared 
I adder 



XXX DIV. I. VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER III. — Ophidia (continued). 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

/ VI. AcrochorduS, Hornstedt A. Javensis, Lacep. 

TTTT /-^ i. 1 r f C. horridus, \j. American rat- 

VII. Crotalus, L | ^;^^„„^.^ 

-iTTTT Ti • 11 r\ 1 fCol. Tisiphone, Sh. Brown 

VIII. Trigonoceplialus, Oppe/ | ^,.^^^^ /r:„,,Ze«a 

'' 1. Vipera, prop. C«y. .Col, berus, L. Common viper 

„ ,, . ( Col. naia, L. the Cobra di ca- 

2. Naia { ,, ' 

I pello 

3. E\aps, Schn.{in part)E. lemniscatus, Cuv. 

4. Microuros, JFagZfr..M. Spixii, Wayler 

JX. Vipera I ^- Platouros, Za^ Col. laticaudatus, L. 

DaiuL. { 6. Trimei-esouros, ^ t. leptocephalus, Lacep. 
Lacep S 

7. Oplocephalus, Cuv..O. Cuvieri, Gray 

8. Acanthophis, \ A. cerastinus, Daud. Hor?ied 
Baud ^ viper 

9. Echis, Merrem Boa horatta, Sh. 

^10. hd,ns,shd.,Brugnieresh. Madagascariensis, Lacep. 

( Boa. fasciata, Schn. the Ring- 
X. Bungarus, Daud. (in part) . . <^ ed bungarum-pamma of Ben- 

r \. Hydiophis, J)ai(/f . . Hydrus curtus, Sh. 

XI. Hydrus, I 2. Pdamides, Baud. \ ^'^t^' '^'^°^°^"' ( ^ | 

I 3. Cheisydrus, i Hydrus granulatus, I '^ S 

V<^^-i"" ^ Cuv...... \ Schn.^ ■> "= 

III. Naked l t P T 7" fCasc. annulata, Spix, Annu- 

Serpents ]-'^' '-^"^^'^' ^^ \ Med ccecilia. 



ORDER IV.— Batrachia. 

This order is divided by Mr. Gray (see Synopsis at the end of 
oiu* ninth volume) into two very natural orders or families, accord- 
ino- as they do or do not undergo metamorphosis. Cuvier has indi- 
cated the same division, and has then proceeded to subdivide them 
as follows : — 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

\. Rana,prop. LaurenfiR. temporaria, L. Commonfrog 

2. Ceratophris, Bote . .Ranacornuta,Seb. i/orwerf/rog 

3. Dactylethra, C?(z;. . .Pipa leevis, Merrem. 

4. Hyla, Laurenti. . . .Ka-w, arborea, L. Tree frog 
I. Rana, L «^ 5. Bufo, Laurenti . . . .Ran. bnfo, L. Common toad 

6. Bombinator, Me?-- /Ran. bombina, Gm. Yelloiv- 
rem \ bellied toad 

7. Oxyrhynchus, f Bufo proboscideus, Spix, Zo«g- 
Spix \ 7iosed toad 



CLASS 111. — REPTILIA. 



XXXI 



ORDER IV. — Batrachia (continued). 



Genus. 



I. Rana, L. (cont.)- 



II. Salamandra, 
Brousn. . . . 



Subgenus. 

8. Otilophus, Cuv.. 

9. Breviceps, Merr. 
10. Pipa, Laurenti . 

1. S. prop. Laurenti 

(Land Salaman- 
ders) 

2. Triton, Laurenti 
(Water salaman- 
ders) 



Example of Species. 
( Rana margaritifera, L. Pearl- 
\ ed toad 
. . Bufo gibbosus, Seb. 
\ Rana pipa, L. the Surinam 
X toad 

Lacerta salamandra, L. Com- 
mon salamander 



III. Menopoma, Harlan. . . . 
IV. Amphiuma, Garden. . . 

V. Axolotl 

VI. Menobranchus, Harlan, 
VII. Proteus, Laurenti . . . . 

VIII. Siren, L 



}Salamand. marmorata, L. 
Marbled salamander 

TSaL gigantea, Barton, Great 
\ salamander of N. America 
. A. tridactylum, Cuv. 
( Siren pisciformis, Sh. iheAxo- 
\ lotl of Mexico 
. M. lateralis, Harl. 

{P. anguinus, Laur. the Proteus 
of Carniola 
{S. lacertina, L. the Lacertine 
siren. 



XXXll 



DIV. I. VERTEBRATA. 



VERTEBRATA. 



CLASS IV.— PISCES, 

This class is divided into two great series, the Ossei and Chon- 
dropterygii ; in the former of which the skeleton is formed of true 
bone, while in the latter it always remains in the state of cartilage 
or gristle. The former is divided into six, the latter into two 
orders ; the principal characters being derived from the first gills, 
as the names of the orders will show. 



Class. 



Series. 



Pisces 



Ossei 

{^Bony fishes) 



II. Chondropterygii 
( Cartilaginous fishes') 



Order. 

1. Acanthopterygii 

2. Malacopterygii Abdo- 

minales 

3. Malacopterygii Sub- 

brachii 

4. Malacopterygii Apodes 

5. Lophobranchii 
\6. Plectognatlii 

7. Eleutherobranchii 

{gills free) 

8. Pectobranchii {gills 

confined) 



SERIES I.— OSSEI. 



ORDER I. ACANTHOPTERYGII. 



The Acanthopterygians make three-fourths of all the fishes known, 
and are the most perfectly wrought type of the class. The families 
into which they are divided are in general very natural, but present 
so many varieties with respect to those characters on which it might 
be supposed they could be grouped into orders or other subdivi- 
sions, that it has been found expedient to leave them all together. 



CLASS IV. PISCES. XXXlll 



ORDER I. ACANTHOPTERYGII. 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

J. .rerca, Luv p. fluvialis, L. Common perch 

II. Labrax, Cuv ' Perca labrax, L. the Basse 

III. Lates, Cuv f Perca Nilotka, L. the Variole 

' (. of the Nile 

IV. Centropomus, Lacep C. undecimalis, Cuv. 

V. Grammistes, Cuv G. oHentalis, Bl. 

. 1 . f Perca asper, L. the Rhone 

/I. Aspro,prop | ^^^.^^^ 

VI. Aspro, 1 2. Huro, Cuv. & Val...li. nigricans, C. & V. 
Cuv. \ ^' '^'^I'S) C'?^. & Fat.. .E. carbunculus, C. & V. 

' ' j 4. Niphon, Cuv. & FaL.'N. spinosus, C. & V. 
I 5. Enoplcesus, Lacep...F,. armatus, Lacep. 
V 6. Diploprion, Kuhl. . . D. bifasciatum, Kuhl. 
/'I. Apogon, prop. Za- f Mullus imberbis, L. King of 

VII. Apogon, ) cep. \ the miMets 

Cuv. . .^ 2. CheilodipteruSjZacejo.Perca lineata, Forsk. 

v3. Pomatomus, Risso . . P. telescope, Risso 

VIII. Ambassis, Comrners A. Commersonii, C. &: V. 

IX. Lucio-perca, Cuv F^'"^ lucioperca, L. theP//re- 

■■^ ' ^^ perch 

X. Serranus S '''■ ^^'"''^'^^i^' pi'op- • • • • Perca scriba, L. the Sea-perch 
f-y ' < 2. Anthias, Bl. {in part^k, sacer, Bl. the Barber 

(3. Merou, Cuv. Perca gigas, Gm. 

XI. Plectropoma, Cuv PI. melanoleucum, Cuv. 

XII. Diacope, Cuv D. seba, Cuv. 

XIII. Mesoprion, Cuv M. unimaculatus, Russel 

XIV. Acerina, Cuv Perca cernua, L. the Rjiffe 

XV. Rypticus, Cuv j Anthias saponaceus, Bl. the 

J r 7 ^ iSoajj-maker 

XVI. Polyprion, Cuv P. cernuum, Valenc. 

•XVII. Centropristis, Cuv {^'t^Bla^k'ham'^^'''^'^'''''' 

XVIII. Grystes, Cuv {^'^^'^ variabilis Lesueur, 

•' ' (_ JSew lork growler 

XIX. Cirrbites, Comrners C. maculatus, Lacep. 

XX. Chironemus, Cuv C. georgianus, Cuv. & Val. 

XXI. Pomotis, Cuv P. vulgaris, Cuv. Pond perch 

XXII. Centrarcbus, Cuv C. seneus, Cuv. 

XXIII. Priacanthus, Cuv Anthias boops, Bloch 

XXIV. Dules, Cuv 



XXV. Tberapon, f 1. Therapon, prop. . . Holocentrus servus, Bl. 

Cuv . . . . (,2- Datnia, CiW. & Val.Coms datnia, Buch. 

XXVI. Pelates, Cuv P. 5-lineatus, Cuv. & Val. 

XXVII. Helotes, Cuv H. Glineatus, Cuv. & Val. 

XXVIII. Tricbodon, Sleller T. stelleri, Cuv. 

, „„,.^ „.-.. ^ (S. domina, Cuv. Larhi-fish of 

VXXIX. SlllagO, Cuv I Pondicherry 



XXXIV DIV. T. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER I. — AcANTHOPTERYGii (continued). 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

^ r H. longipinne, Cuv. Long-fin- 

XXX. Holocentrum, Artedl I ned red-man of St. Thomas's 

V Island 

XXXI. Myripristis, Cuv M. Japonicus, Cuv. & Val. 

XXXII. Berys, Cuv. B. decadactylus, Cuv. & Val. 

■xr^r^vrrT rp i • ii c'7 \ T. Australis, Sh. New Holland 

XXXni. Irachicthys, aSAow ....< rouo-h-fish 

XXXIV. Trachinus, Lin r. draco, L. the Weaver 

XXXV. Percis, Bl P. maculata, Bl. 

-trwTTT IT • /^ fP- Brasilianus, Cuv. & Val. 

XXXVI. Pmgiupes, Cuv | Brazil fat-fin 

XXXVII. Percophis, Cuv p. Brasilianus, Cuv. & Val. 

XXXVIII. UranoscopUS, Lin U. scaber, L. the Uranoscopiis 

■srv-iTT-v -rt ^ T' f P. paradisseus, L. the Mango- 

XXXIX. Polynemus, Lui \ Lh 

XL. Sphyrsena, Bl Sp. barracuda, Cuv. 

XLI. Paralepis, Cuv Coregonus paralepis, Riss. 

XLII. Mullus, ( 1- M"""«' P™P- ^Zf,- ^''}y,T'' r ^f ""cf'-' 

' J I M_ t'lttntns. 1< nrsk- Striiii 






P^ 



' < ^ -- „ f M. vittatus, Forsk. Striped 

i^«. ..\2. Upeneus, C«....| ^^^^^„^^ 

V Am-, ^ f Tr. hirundo, L. Sapphirine 

^ 11. Triela.prop.CMi;. K , " 

f I i gurnard 

I - _ . ^ T , ( Tr. punctata, Bl. Spotted gur- 

I. Trisla, L ) ^ \ ««'"^ 

^.3. Feristedion, La- (Tr. cataphracta, L. Mailed 

cep \ gurnard 

Dactylopterus f Tr. volitans, L. Flying gur- 
Lacep \ nard 

II. Cephalocanthus, Lacep Gasterosteus spinarella, L 



TTT T' ff T ' i^' Clottus, prop. C11V..C. gobio, L. Miller's tlmmh 

III. LottUS, Lin.l2. Aspidophorus, ^ Cott. cataphractus, L. Armed 

(, Lacep .\ hull-head 

IV. Hemitripterus, Cuv \ ^'^"- t^Pt^^Tgi^s, Bl. Sea- 

i ' ( raven 

V. HemilepidotUS, Cuv .Cott. hemilepidotus, Tiles 

VI. Platycephalus, Bl .Cott. insidiator, L. 

f 1. Scorpaena prop.CMD.S. scrofa, L. Great sea-devil 

VII. Scorpaena, ) 2. Sebastes, C«.. . . 1 ^"7/ Norvegka, Miill. the 

y- . < f Marulke oj Norway 

.... 1 .. ,, ( Scorp. volitans, L. Gini-maha, 

f .1. Pterois, Cuv. . . • I ^^ ^ j? r /^ ? 

V J or Great fire oj Ceylon 

VIII. Blepsias Blennius villosus, Stell. 

IX. Apistes Ap. alatus, Cuv. 

X. Agriopus Blennius torvus, Gronov. 

XI. Pelorus Scorpoena didactyla, Pall. 

XII Synanceia, Bl Scorp. horrida, Lin. 

^ XIII. Monocentris, Bl M. Japonica, Bl. 



CLASS IV. PISCES. XXXV 



ORDER I. — AcANTHOPTERYGii (continued J. 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

fi . / /'I. Gasterosteus, ( G. aculeatus, L. Great stickk 
;j g IXIV. Gasteros- ) prop. C«y \ back 



o 






^ „ teus . . . . ) 2. Gaster, Cuv.---\ ^^'^'\; ^«Pi»ochia, L. &« 

^ H J ^ ' t stickleback 

^ ^ (XV. Oreosoraa, Cuv 0. Atlanticum, Cuv. 

■— ' / /l. Scia?na, prop. ^ S. umbra, Cuv. the Maigre of 
( Cuv ^ the Mediterranean 

2. Otolithus,C«i;.. ^O. ruber, Cuv. Stone-fish of 
i Pondicherry 

3. Ancylodon Lonchurus ancylodon, Bloch 

4. Corvina, Cuv. •••• Scisena nigra, Lin. Raven fish 

I. Sciasiia ( g johnius Bl i^' ^aculatus, Bl. Bengal wM- 

i t'">g 

6. Umbrina, Cuv /Sciasna cirrhosa, L. Bearded 
(. sciana 

7. Lonchurus, Bl. • • L. barbatus, BL 

> 8. Pogonias, Lacep. | ^^^"""^ grunniens, Mitch, the 
N ( Drum 

II. Eques, Bl Eq. Americanus, BL 

- J III. Hsemuloil, Cuv -f ^- formosum, Cuv. the Grunt, 

'A ' (or Red- throat 
^ IV. Pristipoma, Cuv p. husta, Cuv. 

V. Diagramma, Cuv Lutjanus luteus, Bl. 

VI. Lobotes, Cuv I Bodianus trim-US Mitch. Tri- 

(_ ple-tailed black perch 

VII. Cheilodactylus, Lacep ch. fasciatus, Lacep. 

VIII. Scolopsides, Cuv Anthias Japonicus, BL 

IX. Micropterus, LaceiJ M. dolomica, Lacep. 

X. Ampliiprion, Bl Amph. ephippium, Bl. 

XI. Premnas, Cuv Chsetodon biaculeatus, Bl. 

XII. Pomocentrus, Lacep Clia;todon pavo, Bl. 

XIII. Dascyllus, Cuv Chcetodon araunus, Lin. 

XIV. Glyphisodon, Lacep Cha;todon saxatilis, Lin. 

vXV. Heliasus H. insolatus, Cuv. 

T c! ri f Sparus ovis, Mitch, the -SZ/eeu's 

i. barmis, Luv -; , , •' 

'^ ' ( head 

TT r\-i 1 • r< f Sparus aurata, L. Gilt-head of 

II. Chrysophris, Cuv. . | 'p^„„„„^ J 

III. Pagrus ■. . Sparus pagrus, L. 

IV. Pagellus Sp:irus erythrinus, L. 

V. Dentex, Cuv Sparus dentex, L. 

VI. Pentapus, Cuv Sparus vittatus, Bl. 

VII. Letlirinus, Cuv Spams ch^rorhyncus, Bl. 

VIII. Cantharus, Cuv Spams cantharus, Lin. 

IX. Boops, Cuv Sparus boops, Lin. 

^X. Oblada, Cuv Spams melanurus, Lin. 



XXXVl DIV. L VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER I. — AcANTHOPTERYGii (continuecC) . 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

i^ i I. Masna, Cud Sparus mcena, Lin. 

% ^. II. Smaris, Cm , . j ^- '^j'^^^"' ^'^^- ^'^'^ Kingfisher 

Q fg. ' i of^^ce 
•^ " \III. Csesio, Lacep. . C. smaris, Ci 



> 



5> (IV. Gerrus, Cuv G. Bi-asilianus, Cuv. 

•1. Chsetodon, prop. Cay.Ch. striatus, L. Zebra fish 

2. Chelmon, Cuv Chaetodon rostratus, L. 

3. Heniochus Cheetodon acuminatus, L. 

T r*} ^ 1 If i?,,;i;„,^„c, S Chatodon faber, Brouss. Pi/o/- 

I. Chaetodon, I 4. Eph.ppus ....... -^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^,^^^^j 

L "^5. Taiirichthys T. varius, Cuv. Buffalo-fish 

G. Holocanthus, La- ( H. tricolor, Bl. the Widow- 
cep \ coquette 

7. Pomacanthus Chaetodon aureus, Bl. 

8. Platax Chaetodon vespertilio, Bl. 

< \ II. PsettUS, Commers Chaetodon rhombeus, Bl. 

III. Pimelepterus, Lacep Xyster nigrescens. Lacep. 

IV. Dipterodon D. capensis, Cuv. 

-IT T) T>i /Sparus raii, Bl. Lesser sea- 

V. Brama, Bl | ^^^^^^^ of Pennant 

VI. Pemplieris, Cuv Sparus argenteus. White 

V m i /^ f Labrus iaculator, tSh. the ^r- 

VII. Toxotes, Cuv | ^;^^,. 

^ I 1. Scomber, prop, f S. scombrus, Lin. i\\e Macke- 
I Criv \ rel 

„ mi n (Scomber thynnus, Lin. the 

2. Thynnus, Cuv. . . . < rr 
I {. Tunny 

\ c, r\ n f Scomb. alalonga, Gm. Man- 

3. Orycnus, Cuv ....-> r ° ' 
T e 1 ,' l oj-ivar 

I. bcomber ... 4. Anxis, C«y Scomb. bisus, Rafin. 

I 5. Sarda, Cuv Scomb. sarda, Bl. 

( ^ ^ , . ri f C. guttatum, Cuv. Seer-iish of 

^ 6. Cybium, C«. | ^^^^^^^^^ J J 

! 7 Thyrsites ........ Scomb. dentatus, Bl. 

8. Gempylus Scomb. serpens, Solander 

f , ,r. , • ,-, fX.ffladius, Lin. Common szfor^i- 

V 1. Xiphias, prop. Luv. K x , 

II. Xiphias ) f '^ f ^^ fi^u 
i. ' <2. Tetrapturus, i2a/??i. .T. belone, Rafin. iVeec?/e-^«A 

■'-'*'* J 3. Makaira, Lacip Xiphias makaira, Sh. 

V,4. Istiophorus, Zace/j . . Xiph. vilifer, Bl. the Sail-fish 
/ 1. Naucrates, Rafin, . . .Scomber ductor, Bl. Pilot-fish 

III. Centrono- ) 2. Elacates El. motta, Russel 

tus, Lac. . '\ 3. Lichia, Cuv- Scomber auria, Lin. 

V4. Trachinotes, Lacep. .Chaetodon glaucus, Lacep. 

r 1. Macrognathes, La- ("Rhincobd. Orientalis, Oriental 

IV. Rhincob- j cep \ leech-nose 

della, Bl. ) 2. Mastacembelus, 1 ^^^^^^^^_ Haleppensis, Bl. 

V. Campilodon, Otii. Fabric Notacanthus nasus, Bl. 



> 



CLASS IV. PISCES. XXXVU 

ORDER I. — AcANTHOPTERYGii (coiitinued). 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

/tit a • 1 n f Scomber lactarius, Bl. Milk- 

/ VI. beriola, Luv \ „ , /• d j- 7 

' ^ jisii oj Fondiclierry 

TfTT -NT /-> fN. Mauritii, Cuv. the Shep- 

VII. Nomeus, Cuv \ ,^^^^.^^;^ 

VIII. Temnodon, Cuv T. saltata, Cuv. 

IX Caranx f '• Caranx, prop. C?^t;. . Scomber trachurus, Lin. 

^ ' < 2. Carangus Scomb. hippos, Lin. Mackerel 

' * ' ' 3. Citulus Scomb. speciosus, Lac6p. 

1. Olistus, Cuv O. Malabaricus, Cuv. 

2. Scyris, Cuv Sc. Indica, Cuv. 

3. Blepharis, Ciiv Bl. Indicus, Cuv. 

X. Vomer < ^j.jj^, q^ fGallichthys major, Cuv. Sea- 

' \ cock 

5. Argyreioses Zeus rostratus, Mitchill 

6. Vomer, prop. Cuv. , , Zeus setapinnis, Mitchill 

1. Zeus, prop. Cuv. , . .Zeus faber, Lin. the Dm'y 

2. Capros, Lacep Zeus aper, Lin. 

XI. Zeus, Lin.. < 3. Chrysostosus, Zacep.. Lampris guttatus, Retz. 

§ \ J 4. Equula, Cuv. Scomber equula, Forskal 

HI \.5. Menes, Lacep- • Zeus maculatus, Bl. 

1' ] . Fiatola Stromateus fiatola, Lin. 

XII. Stroma- ) 2. Pamphlus, Cuv. .. -f^'™'"* '"S^^' ^^- ^^"^-^ P""'" 



teus, Lm. 1 3^ pepnius P. crenulatus, Cuv. 

V 4. Lu varus, Rafin. • • • • L. imperialis, Rafin 

XIII. Seserinus, Cuv S. rondeletii, Cuv. 

XIV. Kustus, Bl K. Indicus, Bloch 



> 



-, „ , ( G. hippurus, L. Dorado (com- 

I. Coryphsena, prop. ) , 1 I- .1 \ n 7 

„-"^ *\ monly but incorrectly, )£)of- 

V phin 

XV. Coryphse- y 2. Caranxomorus,irtce/).Scomber pelagicus, Lin. 
na Lin.. \'^- Centrolophus, Z/aceyj.Coryphsena pompilus, L. 
14. Astrodermus,i?o?2?«e//iA. guttatus, Bonnelli 
W r r^i- r ■ f Coryphssna vilifcra, Pall, the 

l^- Ohgopus, Zacep.. j siil-hearer 

T T -J /-» f L. argyreus, Cuv. Silver sar- 

I. liepidopus, (jouan -J ter-fish 

TT m • 1 • T • r T. lepturus, Lin, Slender- 

II. Tnchmrus, Lin | ^J^^^ ribbon-fish 

TTT r' i. D7 fRegaleus glesne, Ax. King 

III. Gymnetrus, Bl | ^j ^j^^ ;^;^„„^„, 

IV. Stylephorus, Shaw Styl. chordatus, Sh. 

-KT r^ 1 T ■ f C. rubescens, L. Reddish 

V. Csepola, Lin | ,^^,j„,,.^,/, 

VI. Lophotes, Giorna L. Lacepedii, Giorna 

I. Sijanus, Forsk S. stellatus, Forsk. 

nA ,1 J- X f Chcetodon chirurgus, BL the 

. Acantnurus, Lacep < ^^^^.^ ^^^ ° 

mT, . 7- ^ (P. microlepidotus, Lacep. 

. Prionurus, Lacep. | Small-scaled saw-tail 

T-tr XT /^ (N. fronticonis, Cuv. Unicom 

IV. Naseus, Commcrs | ^j ^^^^.^^.^^ 

12 



XXXVIU 



DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER I. — AcANTHOPTERYGii (continued). 



Family. 



Genus. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



'^ m \Y. Axinurus, Cuv a. thy 

\t} VI. Priodon, Cm |" 



iinoi'des, Cuv. 
P. annularis, Cuv. Ringed 

saw-tooth 






i- A 1 , /A. scandens, Cuv. the Climb- 

II. PolyacantllUS, Kuhl Ch^todon Chinensis, Bl. 

III. Macropus, Lactp M. vhidi-auratus, Lacep. 

IV. Helostoma, Kuhl H. Temminkii, Cuv. 

■XT /-\ ^ /~i fOsph. olfax, Commers. the 

V. Osphromenus, Commers | Gourand 

VI. Trichopus Labrus triehopterus, Gmel. 



% g 1 VII. Spirobranchus, Cuv , . .Sp. capensis, Cuv, 

VIII. Ophicephalus, Bl {^^^rpln^-teld 



X 



'^ 



pj fOph. punctatus, B). Spotted 

' '1 sprnpnt-head. 



I. Mucril, Lhi. 



{M. cephalus, the Commonmul- 
let of the Mediterranean 






X 



f 



o 

o 

O 



II. Tetragonurus, Kiss T. Cuvieri, Risso 

III. Atherina, L'ln Ath. presbyter, Cuv. the Triest 

' 1. Blennius, prop. Cmi'-.B. galerita, L. the Blennij 

2. Pholis, Artedi Blen. pholis, L. Smooth Blenny 

3. Myxodes M. 



I. Blennuis,L.( 5 

(J. Cirrhibarbes, Ct 



, r, , • fBl. sahens. Com. Leapinff 

4. Salarias < ,, ' ^ ° 

(_ blenny 

r.,- fBl. argenteus, Riss. 

. Clmus. K ,, '^ ' 

( blenny 



Silver 



C Indicus, Cuv. Yellow blenny 

7- Gunnellus, Cuv Bl. gunnellus. Butter-fish 

8. Opistognathus, Cuv...O. sonnerati, Cuv. 

ri rz /-I r Bl. viviparus, L. Viviparous 

•J. Zoarcus, Cuv i ,, 

y (, blenny 

II. Anarrhicas, L 

1. Gobius, prop. Za- f G. niger, L. Black goby, or 
cep \ Sea gudgeon 

III. Gobius, 1 2. Gobioides, ZrtCf/i. .. Gob. Broussonet, Lacep. 
T s 3. Tasnioides, Lacep. ..Ccepola ccecula, Bl. 

4. Periophthalmus,.Se7i«.Gob. schlosseri, Pall. 

, -ni ^ ■ ^ Gob. dormitor, Lacep. Sleepu 

o. Eleotns { , ' ^ '^^ 

( goby 

IV. Callionymus, L C. lyra, L. Yellow dragonet 

V. Triclionotus, Schn t. setigerus, Bl. 

VI. Comephoms, Lacep Callionymus baicalensis, Pall. 

VII. Platypterus, Kuhl. & /'. Hass.F. melanocephala, K. & V. H. 
^VIII. Labrax, Pall L. lagocephalus, Pall. 



CLASS IV. — PISCES. 



XXXIX 



ORDER I. — AcANTHOPTERYGii (continued). 



Family. 



Genus. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



O "H 
O p 

w o 

^ 5 

• w 
I— I n, 
I— I '^ 



I. Lophius, 
Lin.. . 



II. 



^: 



Lophius, prop. Cz/y. < 



2. Antennarius, Com- 



L. piscatorius, Fishing frog, 

or Sea- devil 
A. pictus, Cuv. Painted sail- 

mers \ fish 

3. Malthe Lopli. vespertilio, Sea-hat 

-p , , 75 J f Lopli. bufo, Mitch. American 



.g 

'o 

Pi 

PQ 

< 
I— I 

><1 



Ra- 



(_ toad-fish 

, T 1. ^ f L. maculatus, Bl. Spotted old 

1. Labrus.prop. C;<y. ■< .,• ' 

2. Cheilinus, Lacep^ . . C. trilobatus, Lacep. 

3. Lachnolaimus, Cuv.h. siiillus, Cuv. 

4. Julis, Cuv Labrus julis, Lin. 

I 5. Anampses, Cuv .... Labrus tetrodon, Bl. 

I. Labrus, L??i.\ ^ Crenilabrus f L^i^rus gibbus, L. Gibbous 

\ wrasse 

7. Coricus, Cuv C. rubescens, Risso 

8. Epiboulus, Cuv- - - • Sparus insidiator, Pall. 

9. Clepticus, Cuv C. genizara, Cuv. 

10. Elops, Commers. . . Gomphosns viridis, Cuv, 

II. Xirichthys, Cuv { Coryphsena novacula, L 

*' ' I zor-fish 

r . „, f Sparus chromis, L. Chestmit- 

* I. Chromus, prop. • • "i ^ ? 

2. Cychla, Bl C. saxatilis, Bl. 

3. Plesiops, Ciw. •■••••P. 1 Cuv. 

4. Malacanthus, c«„.. /Coryph^naplumieri, Lac^ea- 
' (^ peacock 

, „ /^ f Sc. psittacus, Forsk. the Par- 

1 . Scarus, prop. Cuv.. < t {; 1 

2. Calliodon j^'^^'"- «Pi"idens, Quoy & 

. . (^ Gaym. 

V f 3. Odax Scar, pullus, Forster 

^ . k I- Fistularia, (^- Fistularia, Zaee/). . . F. tabaccana, L. P/joe-^i/i 

J:^ ^ I j^^-„ < 2. Aulostoma, prop, f Fist. Chinensis, Bl. Chinese 

^ 5 \Tr Cpnfri^AiV '^ ^'""^P ^ pipe-fish 

• d lAi-*-emriSCUS, ji_ Centriscus,prop. C. scolopax, L. 5f«-«H;3e 

^ r Lm 1 2. Amphisile, Klein ..Cent, scutatus, Shielded snipe 



III. Chromis, 
Cuv. . . 



IV. Scarus, 
L... 



SERIES I.— OSSEI. 
ORDER II. — Malacopterygii Abdominales. 



Ventral fins behind the pectorals; rays soft or articulated. There 
are five families. 



xl 



DIV. I. — VERTEBRATA. 



ORDER II. — Malacopterygii Abdominales. 






o 

CO 



I. Cyprinus 



Family. Genus. . Subgenus. Example of Sjiecies. 

1. Cyprinus, prop. Cuv.C. carpio, L. the Carp 

2. Bavbus, C7W Cyp. barbus, L. the Barbel 

3. Gobio, Cuv Cyp. gobio, L. the Gudgeon 

4. Tinea, Cuv. ...... Cyp. tinea, L. the Tench 

5. Cyrrhinus, Cuv. . . .Cyp. cirrhosus, Bl. 

6. Abramis, Cuv Cyp. brama, L. the Bream 

7. Labeo, Cuv Cyp. Niloticus, Geoff. 

8. Catastomus, LesueurC. cyprinus, Les. 

9. Leuciscus, Klein . . Cyp. rutilus, L. the Roach 

10. Chela, Buchanan . .Cyp. cultratus, L. Razor- carp 

11. Gonorhynchus, 1 ^yp. gonorhynchus, Gm. 
Gronov j Jr & : 

II. Cobitis, L C. taenia, L. the River loche 

III. Aliableps, Bl An. tetarphthalmus, Bl. 

IV. Psecilia, Schn P. Scbneideri, Val. 

V. Lebias, Cuv. . L. ellipsofdea, Les. 

VI. Fundulus, Lacep F. ceenicolus, Val. 

VII. Molinesia, Les m. laiipinna, Les. 

1 VIII. Cyprinodon, Lactp Cypr. umbra, Cuv. 

V / 1. Esox, prop. Cuv. . . E. lucius, L. the Pike 

2. Galaxias, Cuv S. truttaceus, Cuv. 

3. Alepocephalus, Riss Al. rostratus, Risso 

4. Microstoma, Cuv. . . Serpula microstoma, Risso 

5. Stomias, Cuv Esox boa, Riss. Serpent-pilce 

Esox, /y. . . / G. Chauliodus, Schn...C. Sloanii, Schn. 

7. Salanx, Cuv S. ? Cuv. 

„ „ , ^ ) Es. belone, L. Sea-pike, or 

8. Belone, Cuv r ^ jy ? f ^ 

) Garfish 

9. Scomberesox, i/«C(!^ji.S. camperi, hac. MacJce7-el-pike 
10. Hemiramphus, Cuv-.H. longirostris, Cuv. 

II. Exocetus, L.^ E. volitans, Bl. Flying fish 

III. Mormyrus, L M. Hasselquistii, Geoff. 

/^ 1. SiIurus,piop. Zace^j.S ? 

2. Silui-us spec. Jrt. i g ,^,^^3^ l. Seat-fish 
& Gron S 

3. Schilbus ........ S. mystus, Hasselq. 

4. Mystus, Jrt. & Li7i. 

5. Bagrus • S. erythropterus, Bl. 

G. Pimelodus, prop. . . S. 4-maculatus, Bl. 

7. Synodontis, Cuv. . . S. clarias, Hasselq. 

8. Agenoisus, Lacep . . S. militaris, Bl. Horned silure 

9. Doras, Lacep S. castatus, L. 

10. Heterobranchus, \ s. anguillaris, Hasselq. 
Geoff. / 

11. Plotosus, Lacep P. csesms, Buchan 

\^12. Callichthys, Lin. . . S. callichthys, Bl. Tomoate 



% j I. Silums, Z, 



II. Malapterurus, Lace-p S. electricus, L. 



1 Bagrus and Pimelodus, prop, are divisions of the subgenus Pimelodus of Lace- 



p6de. 



CLASS IV. — PISCES. 



Xii 



ORDER II. — MalacoptehyctIi Abdominales (continued). 



Family. 



Genus, 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



« I ^ IV. 



02 



o 

I— I *^ 



Aspredo, Lin S. hexadactylus, Lacep. 

<v± 11,0.1 la., p P- I. ]^_ cataphracta, L. Cataphract 



CO 






Loricaria, j ,," 
i Lin. ' •\ " 



1. Hypostomus, Lac^p.h. plecostomus, L. 
Loricaria, 



r 



I. Salmo. 



' 1. Salmo, prop. Cuv.,.^. trutta, L. Salmon trout 

2. Osmerus, Arted, . . S. eperlanus, L. Smelt 
o ,, „ , ^ f S. Groenlandicus, Bl. Green- 

3. Mallotus, C«i;. . . ■( i^,^^ salmon 

4. Thymallus, C/w. . . S. thymallus, L. Greijling 

5. Coregonus, Cuv, . . .C. hyemalis, Jur. 
p . ^. r fA. sphyrsena, L. Shcppy ar- 

'' ' (_ gentine 

7. Curimates, Cuv. . . .S. edentulus, BL 

8. Anastomus, Cuv. . . S. anastomus, L. 

9. Gasteropelecus, Bl. .G. sternicla, Bl. 
.Wo. Piabiiqu - S. argentinus, Bl. 

11. Serra-salmo, Lacep.S. rhomboides, Bl. 

12. Tetragonopterus, ) _, , a .„i 
^rl.rf. ..../.|T-''^'g"iteus,Arted. 

13. Chalceus, Ciiv C. angulatus, Spix 

14. Myletes, Cuv. M. Duriventris, Cuv. 

15. Hydrocyon, Cuv. ..S. falcatus, Bl. 

16. Cytharinus, Citv. . . C. GeofFroei, Cuv. 

17. Saurus, Cuv S. Mexicanus, Cuv. 

18. Scopelus, Cuv. • • • • S. Humbolt, R,ip. 

19. Aulopus, Oil; S. balbo, Rip. 

\ 20. Sternoptyx, Herman^, diapliana, Herni. 

1. Clupea, Cuv C. harengus, L. Herring 

Cuv. • ' •■ • • -C. alosa, L. Shad 
Chatoessus, Cuv. . . C. thrissa, Bl. Sprat 

II. Odontognathus, Lacej) O. spinax, Lacep. 

III. Pristigaster, Cuv p. cayanus, Cuv. 

IV. Notopterus, Lacep n. kapirat, Lacep. 

V. Engraulis, Cuv CI. encrasicholus, L. Anchovy 

VI. Thryssa, Cuv . . C. setirostris, Brouss. 

VII. Megalops, Lacep C. gigantea, Shaw 

VIII. Elops, L Argentina machnata, Forsk. 

IX. Buterinus, Commers CI. Brasiliensis, Bl. 

X. Chirocentrus, Cuv Esox chirocentrus, Lacep. 

XI. Hyodon, Les H. clodalis, Les. 

XII. Amia, L A. calva, Lin. 

XIII. Sudis, Cuv S. gigas, Spix 

XIV. Osteoglossum, Vandeli O. vandelli, Cuv. 

T 7 ( Esox osseus, L. Greater gar- 

. Lacep \ . , 



( 1. Clupea 
Clupea, L.\ 2. Alosa, 
( 3. Chatoe 



XV. Lepisosteus, Lacep) 
I XVI. Polypterus, Geoff. 



\ fish 
. . P. Senegalus, Cuv. 



/ 



\iii DIV. I.— VERTEBRATA. 

SERIES I.— OSSEI. 
ORDER III. — Malacopterygii Subbrachii. 
Ventral fins under the pectorals. 

Family. Germs. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Moirhua .......... G. morrhua, L. Cod 

2. Merlangiis G. meiiangus, L. Whiting 

3. Merluccius G. merluccius, L. Hake 

. _ 4. Lota, Cuv. G. molua, L. Liiig 

o ! T Cnrliitj T J ^' ^^°'^1'^' ^"^' • • . . • -G. mustela, L. Whistle-fish 
a / ' ' A 6. Brosmius, Cztv G. brosmius, Gmel. 

O I I 7. Brotula, Cuv {^ pJ^'J^jr' ^^'^^^'''' ^'' 

8. Fhy c\s, A rted. & Schi.V. Mediterraneus, Lar. 

.9. Raniceps G. raninus, Mull. 

II. Lepidoleprus, Riss L. ccelorhynchus, Rip. 

1. Platessa, Cuv Pleur. flesiis, L. Flounder 



nectes, L. "'^4. Solea, Cuv PI. solea, L. Sole 

5. Monochir, Cuv PI. macrochirus, Lar. 

6. Achirus, Lacep PI. achirus, L. 

L. gouan, Lacep. Lesser suck- 
ing-fish 

L. dentax, Schn. 



< "^ \t -m \^- Hypoglossus, Cuv. . . PI. hypoglossus, L. Halihtit 
kJ w li. I'leuro- J 3. Rhombus, C««; PI. rhombus, L. 5^7^ 

^ X -^ nectes, L."\ 

"^l ( 

• ^I. Lepadogas-^^- Lepidogaster, / 

g I t. n \ P''°P I 

" J2 1 iJfOUan.f^2. Gobiesoces, Lacep... 

f^ g «{ II. Cyclopte- / 1. Lumpus I Cyclopterus lumpus, L. Z«,«p- 

^ f rub, X/.. ^^2. Liparis, y^r^cf^ C. Vi^aris, Sea snail 

'"' V III. Eclieneis, L E. remora, L. Sucking-fish 

SERIES I.— OSSEI. 

ORDER IV.— Malacopterygii Apodes, 

Constitute one natural family. 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

■ 1 . Anguilla, Thun. & \ a , 

Shaw . . / 

2. Anguilla, prop Mur. conger, L. Conger eel 

^ I 3, Ophisurus, Lac6p. • • M. serpens, L. Sea serpent 

Mursena, I 4 Muraena,prop. Thunb.M. Helena, L. Mttra7ie 

L. ....\ 5. Spagebranchus, Bl, .^.xost\-a.i\\s,B\.Double-chin-giU 
G. Monopterus, Com- ) ^j_ j^vanais, Lacep. 
mers. & Lacep. . , J > r 

7. Synbranclius, Bl. . . .8. marmoratus, Bl. 
. 8, Alabes, Cuv. ...... A. ? 



CLASS IV. — PISCES. xliii 



ORDER IV. — MALAcorTERYGii AroDEs (continued J. 

Family. Genus, Suhgenns. ExampU of Species. 

w ril. Saccopharynx, Mitch S. flagellum, Mitch. 

pj ^^ I III. Gymno 

3 s 



Gymno- f 1- Gymnotus, prop. \ ^ ^^^^^^- t. Electric eel 

t,is T \ ^"■^'^P ■♦ 

lUS, /Y. . ^2. Sternarchus, Sclin. . . G. albifrons, Pall, 






IV. Gymnarchus, Cuv G. Niloticus, Cuv. 

V. Leptocephalus, Penn L. Morisii, GmeJ. 

i vSf VT OnVii li { ^- Ophidimn, prop.. . . .0. barbatum, Bl. 

< I «^pniai- I 2 Fierasfer 0. imberbe, Lin. 

um, L . , J^3_ Ammodytes, L O. tobianus, L. Sand eel 



SERIES I.— OSSEI. 

ORDER V. LOFHOBRANCHII. 

Gills in tufts ; operculum fixed by a membrane which only affords 
a small aperture for the escape of the water. There are two genera. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

(1. Syngnathus, prop. . .S. acus, L. Sea adder 

I. Syngnathus, Z.. . -J 2. Hippocampus, Cuv..U. bievirostris, Cuv. 

(^3. Solenostomus, Zact^^j.FistuIaria paradoxa, Pall. 

II. Pegasus, L P. draco, L. Sea dragon 



SERIES I.— OSSEL 

ORDER VI.~Plectognathi. 

Maxillary fixed to the intermaxillary bones, and the palatal to 
the cranium. Opercula covered in. 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

O ^ Cl. Diodon, L D. adnga, Bl. Globe-fish 

g I 1 IT- Tetraodon, L T. lineatus, L. 

^ :z; "a HI. Orthogariscus, Schn O. spinosus, Bl. Sun-fish 

. « / IV. Triodon T. bursarius, Reinw, 

O . / (\. Balistes, prop B. capriscus, L. lyea-Z/a^ 

•^ ^ % \ 2. Monocantluis, Ce^y. • -B. tomentosus, L. 

S < J I. BalisteSjZ. < 3. AkUerus, Cuv B. monoceros, L. 

^ i ) /4. Triacanthus, Cuv. .\ B- biaculeatus, Bl. Lo„g-fik- 

. w # V ( fish 

IZ; '^ V II. Ostracion, L. , . . . O. bicaudalis, Bl. 

/2 



xliv 



DIV. L 



-VERTEBRATA, 



SERIES II.— CHONDROPTERYGII. 
ORDER I. — Eleutherobranchii. 

Genus. Suhgcmis. Example of Species. 

I. Accipenser, L, A. sturio, L. Common sturgeon 

II. Polyodon, Lacep Squalus spatula, Mand. 

f I. Chimsera, prop. fC. monstrosa, L. Ki7ig of the 

III. Chimsera L. . . J '^"^ • '- ^"^''^ings 

' ' ° * I 2. Callorhyncluis, (C. cdMox\\ync\vxs,h. Elephunt- 
([_ Gron ........•< \ fish 

SERIES II.— CHONDROPTERYGII. 
ORDER II. — Pentobranchii. 



Faviily . 



/ 



Genus. Subgenus. 

1. Scyllium, Ciw. , , . < ' „' 

^ \ fiS' 

2. Squalus, prop S. 



Example of Species. 
canicula, L. Greater cat- 
h 



3. Carcharias, Guv S. carcharias, L. White shark 

4. Lamua, Cuv. ....\^- '^f^Ji'^icus, Schn. Porheaglc 
I shark 

J. . ^. Galeus, Cuv. S. galeus, L, Tope 

Squalus,L.^ 6. Mustelus, Cuv....f^- , >""j'^l"«' L'"' '^'""""^'^ 

( Jiound 
7- Notidanus, C7cv S. griseus, L. 

8. Selache, Cuv S. maximus, Baski7ig shark 

9. Cestracion, Cuv S. philippi, Schn. 

10. Spiiiax, Cuv S. acanthias, Lin. Hound-fish 

11. Centrina, Cuv. . . . . S. centrina, Lin. 
Vl2. Scymnus, Cuv S. squamosus, Lacep. 

II. Zygfena, Ctw l^' ""'ff]' Y^^" ^^«'«'«^'- 

•^ ° ( headed shark 

III. Squatina, Dmil . . . S. squatina, L. Angel-fish 

IV. Pristis, Lalh p. antiquorum, Lath. Saw-fish 

1. Rhinobatus, ^c/i??. . .R. rhinobatus, Lin. 

2. Rhina, Schn R. ancylostomus, Bl. 

3. Torpedo, Dum. . • . . T. galvanii, Riss. Torpedo 

4. Raia, prop. Cuv R. clavata, L. Thornhack 

V. Raia, Liu.\ 5. Trygon, Adans R. pastinaca, L. Sting ray 

6'. Anacanthus, Ehrenh..^. orbicularis, Bl. 

7. Myliobates, Dum. . . R. aquila, L. Sea-eagle 

1 ■ 8. Cephalothoptera, 1 „ , , ^i ^ „ , 

\ >• 7) » I ^* cephalothoptera, Schn. 



I. Petromy- 1 






zoii, L , 

Myxine, 
L. .... 



Petromyzon, prop. .... P. fluvialis, L. River lamprey 

1. Heptatrcma, Dmn. . . P. cirrhatus, Forst. 

2. Gastrobranclius,JB/oc7iG. c£ecus, Bl. Blind lamprey 
P. branchialls, Lin. Pride of 

the Jsis 



3. Ammoccetes 



, £*(««. < 



INVERTEBRATA. 



DIVISION II.— MOLLUSCA. 

The animals of this second grand division of the animal kingdom 
are either naked or testaceous. 



They are divided into six classes. 

Division. 



MOLLUSCA.. 



Class. 

I. Cephalopoda 
. Pteropoda 
Gasteropoda 
IV. Acephala 
V. Brachiopoda 
VI. Cirrhopoda 



)in. 



CLASS I.— CEPHALOPODA. 

This class, named from the long prehensile arms which surround 
the head, includes but one order, designated by the same name, 
divided into six genera. 



Genus. 



I. Sepia. 



IL Nautilus . . . 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Octopus, Lam. Po-l g j^ octopodia, L. 

lyTpus, Aristotle .. ) 
Eledone, Arist Octopus moschaUis, Lam. 

Argoiiauta,Zi«... 1^^"'""^^' Pompilus of the 

° (. ancients 

Bellerophon (Fossil) .B. vasulites, Montf. 

Loligo, Lam Sepia loligo, Lin. Calamary 

Onykia, Lesueur , . . . On. caribcea, Lesueur 

Sepiola, Cuv Sepia sepiola, Lin. 

Cliondrosepia,ieK-| cjj^^_ loligiformis, Leukard 

„ ■ T r Sepia officinalis, Lin. Commou 

Sepia, prop. Za»«. | ^^^^^^^ 

Spirula, Lam.. .... t"^, spiiula, L. Rams-horn 

XT ,., ^ f N. ponipilius, L. Great cham- 

Nautilus.piop. Cuv. ■{ / / .., 
"^ '■ ( bered naxUUus 



xlvi 



DIV. II. MOLLUSCA. 



CLASS I.— CEPHALOPODA {continued). 



Genus. Subgenus. 

in. Belemnites 
IV. Actinocamax, Miller 

/ 1. Ammonites 



Example of Species. 



V. Ammonites, 5ri<o-. 



VI. Camerines,Z)V?<.g. 
Nummulites, 
Lam 



prop. 
Lam. 

2. Ceratites, Haan 

3. Orbitulites, Lam. 

4. Scaphites, Sowerh. 

5. Baculites, Lam. 
G. Hamites, Soiverb. 

, 7. Turrilites, Montf. 

1. Siderolithes, Lam. 

2. Helicostega 
Hel. nautiloida 
Hel. tiubinoida 
Hel. ammonoida 

3. Stygostega 

4. Enallostega 

5. Agathistega 



Tliese genera, ivith their 
subdivisions, are all fossil. 



CLASS II.— PTEROPODA. 

The feet, so to speak, or rather the organs of locomotion of this 
class, have the appearance of wings or fins. It constitutes, like the 
last, but one order. 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

I. Clio, Lin Clio borealis, Lin. 

II. Cymbulia, Peron 

III. Pneumodermon, Cuv Pu. Peronii, Cuv. 

IV. Limacina, Cuv Clio helidna, Phips. ^ Gm. 

V. Hyalea, Lam Anomia trideutata, Forskal! 

f 1. Cleodora, prop. 
\ 2. Creseis 

VI. Cleodora, Peron. < 3. Cuvierics 

J 4. Psyche 
(. 5. Eurybia 

VII. Pyrgo Defrance c Fossil 



CLy\SS III.— GASTEROPODA. 



xlvii 



CLASS III.— GASTEROPODA. 

Includes the reptilious mollusca. They are naked or testaceous, 
though all the latter have not a shell large enough to take in the 
body of the animal. The class is divided into eight orders, viz : — 



Class. 



Gasteropoda, 



Order, 

1. Pulmonaria 

2. Nudibranchiata 

3. Inferobranchiata 

4. Tectibranchiata 

5. Heteropoda 

6. Pectinabrancliiata 

7. Scutibranehiata 
\8. Cyclobranchiata 



ORDER I. Pulmonaria. 

These mollusca breathe by a sort of internal lungs, instead of 
gills. It is composed of the following genera. 



Faviily. 



p 






Genus. Suhgemis. Example of Species. 

1. Limax, prop. Cuv. . . 

2. Arion, Ferussac .... Lim. rufus, L. 
Limax, L. J 3. Limas, Ferussac .... Lim. maximus, L. 

Slus ....]'*• Vaginulus, Ferussac .Vag. Taunaisii, Ferus. 

'"***' 5. Testacella, Lam Test, haliotoidea, Draparn. 

6. Parmacella, Cuv Farm. Olivien, Cuv. 



II. Helix, L . 
Snail . . , 



'1. Helix, prop, i?)-?^^.) tt i .• t r.7-7. 

& Lam ( pomatia, L. Edible snail 

am. ^ 

1, > Hel. pellucida, Miil 



Vitrina, Draparn. 
Helico- Limax, 
Feruss, 

3. Bulimus,prop.Za»..-f"'^'-'^f°"^t^'^""- truncated 

4. Pupa, Lam Bui. labrosus, Oliv. 

5. Chondrus, Cuv Bui. zebra, Oliv. 

G. Succinea, Drap Sue. amphibia, Drop. 

III. Clausilia, Drap -f^"''^° perversus, L. Reversed 

' ^ y wreath 

KlY. Achatina, Lam. /Bulla achatina, Chemn. Broad 

^ ( striped dipper 




Xlviii DIV. II. — MOLLUSCAo 



ORDER I. — PuLMONAKiA (continued). 

Family. Genus. Example of Species. 

"V. Oncliidium, Buchanan. . Onchid. typhee, Buch. 

VI. Planorbis, Brug Hel. vortex, Gm. 

VII. Limnaeus, Lam Hel. stagnalis, Gm. 

VIII. Physa, Drap. . . Bulla fontinalis, L, 

IX. Scarabaeus, Montf. Hel. scarabaeus, L. 

X. Auricula, Lam Aur. myosotis, Drap. 

XI. Conovulus, Lam. Melanipes,},, , 
Montf. 1^°'"'" "^'"^''' ^• 



ORDER II. NUDIBRANCHIATA. 

With naked gills on the back. They are divided into the follow- 
ing genera. 

Genus. Example of Species. 

I. Doris, Cuv. Dor. verucosa, L. 

II. Onchidora, Bla'inv Onch. Leadiii, Blain. 

III. Plocamoceros, Leiickard ......... .Ploc. ocellatus, Leach 

IV. Polycera, Cuv Doris quadrilineata, Miill. 

V. Tritonia, Cuv Trit. Hombergii, Cuv. 

VI. Thethys, Lin T. fimbria, L. Cuv. 

VII. Scyllaea, Lin S. pelagica, L. Cuv. 

VIII. Glaucus, Forster Doris radiata, Gm. 

IX. Laniogerus, Blain L. Elfortii, Blain. 

X. Eolidia, Cuv Doris papillosa 

XI. Cavolina, Brug. Doris peregrina, Gm. 

XII. Flabellina, Cuv. Doris affinis, Gm. 

XIII. Tergipes, Cuv, . Limax tergipes, Forskal 

XIV. Busiris, Risso Bus. griseus, Risso 

XV. Placobranchus, Van Hasselt Plac. Hasseltii, Cuv. 



ORDER III. — Inferobranchiata. 
GiUs on the lower sides of the body. 

Genus. Example of Species. 

I. Phyllidia, Cuv Phil, trilineata, Seba 

II. Diphyllidia, Cuv . , Diphyl, Brugmansii, Cuv, 



12 



CLASS III. — GASTEROPODA. xlix 



ORDER IV. — Tectibranchiata — Monopleurobranchiata, 

Blain, 

Gills like leaflets, on the right side, or on the back. 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species, 

I. Pleurobranchus, Cuv Pleur. Peronii, Cuv. 

II. Pleurobranchsea, Meckel Pleur. Meckellii, Lam. 

III. Aplysia, Lin Apl. fasciata, Poiret 

IV. Dolabella, Lam Dol. Rumphii, Cuv. 

V. Notarchus, Cuv. . Not. gelatinosus, Cuv. 

VI. Bursatella, Blain Burs. Leachii, Blain. 



VII. Akera, Miiller./ 3, Akera, Cm. 



f 1. Bulleea, Lam Bull, aperta, Lam. 

1 2. Bulla, La7n Bui. lignaria, Lin. 

.<3. 



<' 3. Akera, Cuv. Dori-^ 

i dium, Meek. Lo- > Bulla carnosa, Cuv. 

V. baria, Blain .... J 



VIII. Gastropteron, Meckel Gast. Meckelii, Kosse 

IX. Gastroplax, Blain. Umbrella, Lam. 



ORDER v.— HeterOpoda. — 

In this order, the foot is formed into a vertical muscular lamina, 
and does not form a disk, as in the other orders. 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

!l. Carinaria, Lam Car. cymbium, Lam. 

2. Atlanta, Lesueur. . . .At. Peronii, Lesueur 

3. Firola, Peron Pter. coronata, Forskal 

4. Timorienna, Quoy.\ 

& Gaym / 

5. Monophora, Peron . . 

II. Phylliroe 



ORDER VI. — Pectinibranchiata. 



In this numerous order, the gills are pectinated, and occupy the 
last whorl of the shell. 






DIV. II.-— MOLLUSC A. 



ORDER VI. — Pectinibranchiata. 



Family. Genus. Suhgenue. Example of Sjiecies. 

g ] . Tectaria, Montf. . . , . Troch. inermis, Chemnitz 

/^ L 2. Calcar, Montf, Turbo calcar, Lin. 

^3. Rotella, Lam Trochus vestiarius, Lin. 

I. Trochus, /A. Cantharis, Mo^^/. .. Trochus iris, Chem. 

Ijln A*^' Infundibuhim,7l/o»//.Troclius concavus, Chem. 

J G. Telescopium, 71/o?i//. .Trochus telescopium, Mont. 

y 7- Solarium, Lam Trochus perspectivus, Lin. 

Evomphalus,(S"o;'jer&y.E. pentangulatus. Sower. 
Turbo, pi op. Lam. \ Turbo pica, L. & turbo peco- 

Meleager, Mont.. ) latus, Lister 
Delpliinula, Lam. . . Turbo delpliinus, L. 
Pleurotoma, Z)p/)-«?iC£' Fom/^ 

nrp 1 / Pleurostotna, Lam. ) 

• Turbo <^ Scissurella.rrOr&l 

Turritella, Lam.. , . .Turbo imbricatus, Marlim. 

Scalaria, Lain Turbo scalaris, L. 

Cyclostoma, Lam. . .Turbo elegans, L. 

Valvata, Miill Val. cristata, Mulh 

I III. Paludina, Lam Helix vivipara, L. 

( IV. Littorina, Ferussac Turbo littorius, L. 

V. Monodon, Lam Trochus tessalatus, L. 

VI. Phasianella, Lam Buccimum tritonis, Chem. 

/"I. Lanista, Mont Ampulla carinata, Olivier 

VII. Ampulla-) 2. Helicina, Lam Hel. striata, Blain. 

ria, Lam. .) 3. Ampullina, Blain. .. 

V,4. Olygira, Say 

r\. Rissoa, Freminv. \ j^jgi_ amarula, Lara. 
VTTT Ml ■ / AcmQd,, Harm. .. } 

V 111. iVieiania \ 2. Melanopsis, Feruss. . Mel. buccinoidia, Feruss. 

v3. Pirena, Lam Per. terebralis. Lam. 

IX. Actaeon, Mont. Tornatella, Zam.Voluta tornatilis, L. 

X. Pyramidella, Lam Trochus dolabatus. Lam. 

XI. Janthina, Lam. Helix janthina, L. 

C 1. Natica, Lam 

XII. Nerita, \2. Nerita, prop. Zam.) 
V Lin K Peloronta, Oken. ) 
^ J 3. Velata, Montf. .... .Nerita perversa, Gm. 

(.4. Neritina, Z/n!?K N. fluviatilis, L. 

I. Capulus, Mont. Pileopis, 1 „ .. „ „ ;„„ T;.f 
J- ' r Patella Hungarica, List. 

Lam J 

II. Hipponix, Dej). P Patella cornucopia. Lam. 

III. Crepidula, Lam Patella fornicata, Lister 

IV. Pileolus, Sowerhy Pil. plicatus, Sow. 

V. Septaria, Feruss. Navicella, „,„ ■. -Joo T;.f 
^ r ' r^. 1 -n/i Patella meritoidea, List. 

Lam. Limber, Mont, . , 

VI. Calyptrtea, Lam .Patella equestris, L. 

VII. Siphonaria, Sowcrby Patella sipho, Sowerb. 






CLASS III. GASTEROPODA. 



ORDER VI. — Pectinibranchiata {coyitinued). 



Family. Genus. 



Subgetius. 



^ C VIII. Sigaretus, Adans 



o \ IX. Coriocella, Blainv. 
o (^X. Cryptostoma, Blainv. 

^1. Conus, L 

II. Cyprsea, L 

III. Ovula, ( ]■ OvLila, prop. Mow?. 



pq 



IV. 



7?r7/n- \ ^- Volva, Mont... 

mug. ■ . (^ 3_ Calpmna, ilfow!;. 

Terebellum, Lam 

1. Oliva, Brug.. . . 



Voluta, 
Lin. . 



VI. 



Buccinum, 
Lin . . . , 



2. Volvaria, Zam. • • • . 

3. Voluta, prop. La7n. 

4. C}'mbiiim, Mont. , , 

5. Voluta, Mont 

6. MargineWa, Lam. . , 
7- Colorabella, Lam... 

8. Mitra, Lam 

9. Cancellaria, La77i. . . 
'' I. Buccinum, prop.1 

: Bi-ug- J 

2. Nassa, Lam 

3 Eburna, Lam. . . . . 

4. Ancillaria, Lam. . . 

5. Dolium, Lam 

G. Dolium, prop. Mart. 

7. Perdix, Mart 

8. Harpa, Lam 

9. Purpura, Brug. . . . 

10. Licorna, Mont.\ 
Monoceros, Z«?«. / 

11. Sistra, 3/o?;//. Ri-1 



Example of SjJecics. 

C. nigra, Plain. 
Cr. Leachii, Blain. 

Con. cedonulli, L. 

Bulla ovum, L. 
Bulla volva, L. 
Bulla vericosa, L. 
Ter. subulatum. Lam. 
Oliv. subulata, Lam. 
Vol. monilis, Lin. 

Vol. 8ethiopica, List. 
Vol. musica, List. 
Vol. glabella, Adans. 
Vol. mercatoria, List. 
Vol. episcopalis. List. 
Vol. cancellata. Lam. 

Buc. undulatum, L. 

Buc. arcularia, List. 
Buc. glabratrum. List. 
An. cinnamomea, Lam. 

Buc. olearium, Mont. 
Buc. perdix, L. 
Buc. harpa, L. 
Buc. persicum. List. ~ 

Buc. monodon, Gm. 



VII. Cerithium 



VIII. Murex, 
L 



.} 



■h} 



[ 



cinula, La7n 

12. Concholepas, Lam. 

13. Cassis, Bru^ 

14. Morio, ' Mo7it. 

Cassadaria, La7n 
\15. Terebra, Brug. 

Brug 

1. Potamida, Brong. 

1. Murex, Brit, 
Lam. Montf. . 

2. Brontis, Montf. 

3. Typhis, Montf. 

4. Chicoracea, Montf. . 

5. Aquilla, Montf. . . . 
(J. Lotorium, Mart. . . 

7. Tritonium, Montf. . 

8. Trophona, Monff . . 

9. Ranella, Lam 

10. Apolles, Mo7itf. 

1 1. Fusus, La77i. 

12. Fusus, prop. Montf. 



Buc. concholepas, Brug. 
Buc. vibex, Martin. 

Buc. caudatum, Lin. 
Buc. maculatum, Lin. 
Murex vertagus. List. 
Pot. Lamarckii, Brongn. 

M. tribulus, Lister 

M. haustellum. List. 

M. tubifer, Roissy 

M. remosus, Hist. 

M. cutaceus, L. 

M. lotorium, L. 

M. tritonis, L. 

M. Magellanicus, Mart. 

M* bufo, Mont. 

M. gyrinus, Hist. 

M. cochlidium, Seba 



lii DIV. II. MOLLUSCA. 



ORDER VI. — Pectinibranchiata (continued). 

Family. Gcmis. Subgenus. Exanijile of Species. 

( 13. Lathiva, Mart m. vespertilio, Martim. 

14. Stnithiolaria m. stramineus, Gni. 

15. Pleurotoma, iff»«. -M. babilonius 
IG. Clavatula 

17. Pyriila, Lam M. rapa, Martini 

18. Fiilgur, Montf. M. perversus, L. 



VIII. Murex, / 



S^ "1 ^^ ' "" T (Tn^7\ \ ^^- t^asciolai-ia, Lam...M. tulipa, L. 

» I ^ ^- K^^oni,).]^ 20. Turbinella, Zam. ..M. scolymus, Mart. 

21. Strombus, Lin 

22. Stronibus,prop.Z«»2. 

23. Pterocera, Lam. , . .Strombus lambis, llond. 

24. Rostellaria, Lam. . . S. pespelicani, L. 
V25. Hippocrenes, Alart. S. ampins, L. 



ORDER VII. TUBULIBRANCHIATA. 

Allied in most respects to the previous order, but the shell 
describes a tube only partially spiral, and is attached to foreign 
bodies. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

I. VermetUS, Ada7lS Serpula lumbricalis, L. 

Vermillia, Delamarck . . S. trigusta, Gm. 

II. Mugilus, Montf. Mugilus antiquus, Mart. 

III. Siliquaria, Brug Serpula anguina 



ORDER VIII. — SCUTIBRANCHIATA, 

In this order, the shell is not turbinated, and is in fact little 
else than a mere shield to the gills. The animals are true her- 
maphrodites. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

(\. Halyotis, prop. //am..Halyotis, Gm. 

I. Halyotis, Zm. ..I2. Padolla, Mo?i</. Padolla, Montf. 

1 3. Stromatia, Lam Halyotis imperforata, Gm. 

II. Fissurella, L Patella of Div. V. of Gm. 

III. Emarginula, Lam Patella fissiua, L. 

IV. Parmophorus, Lam Patella ambigua, Chem. 



CLASS IV. ACEPHALA. liii 



ORDER IX. — Cyclobranchiata. , 

The gills, in the forms of leaflets, are situated under the edge of 
the mantle. In other respects the order is assimilated to the last. 

Genus. ^ Excmiple of Species. 

I. Patella, L Patella, Gm. 

IL' Chiton, L Chiton, L. 



CLASS IV.— ACEPHALA. 



In this class there is no apparent head, the principal ganglion of 
the brain being over the mouth, which is situated at the bottom, or 
between the folds of the mantle. 



ORDER I. — AcEPHALA Testacea. 

In this order, the animals have four branchial leaflets. All the 
bivalves, and many multivalves, belong to it. 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

^ f\. Radiolites, Lam. 

I.Acarda,5ra^. l2. %^hexM\\tes,Lamethe- 

Ostracita, Za<o f/l'^ , • 
■^ ' \ o. Calceolaria 

1 eyrouse . . i 4. Hippurites 

V5. Batollthes, ilfow//. 

f 1. Ostrea, prop. Brug.. Os. edulis, L. 

\ 2. Gryphaea, Zaw Gr. tricarinata 

II. Ostrea, Zm. kS. Pecten, Brug Os. maxima, L. 

J 4. Lima, Brug Os. lima, L. 

V.5. Pedum, Brug Os. spondyloidea, Gm, 

III. Hinnita, Defr Hinnita gigantea, Gray 

IV. Plagiostoma, Sowerhy Pi. gigas. Sow. 

^V. Pachytes, Dcfr Pac spinosus, De F. 



liv DIV, II. MOLLUSCA. 



ORDER I. — AcEPHALA Testacea (continued). 

Family. Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

VI. Dianchora, Sowerby D. striata, Sow. 

VII. Podopsis, Lmn Pod. truncata 

VIII. Anomia, Brug An. ephippium, Gm. 

IX. Placima, Brug Anom. placenta, Cliem. 

X. SpondyluS, L. , Spond. gsederopus, Chem. 

Plicatula, Lam Spond. plicatus, L. 

'^ XI. Malleus, Lam Ost. malleus, L. 

XII. Vulsella, Lam Mya vulsella, Chem. 

XIII. Perna, Brug Ost. isignonum, Chem. 

1. Crenatula, Lam Gervilia solenoides, Def. 

2. Gervilia, Defr. 

3. Inoceramus, Sowerbylnos. concentricus, Parkins 

4. Catillus, Brong Cat. Cuvieri, Brong. 

5. Pulvinites, Defr.. ..Pul. Adansonii, Dep. 

XIV. Etheria, Lam « Eth. ellipuca, Lam. 

XV. Avicula, Brug Mytilus margiritiferus, L. 

1. Pintadina, Lam Species with ears less salient 

2. Avicula, prop Species with ears more pointed 

XVI. Pinna Pinna nobilis, L. 

{1. Area, prop. Lam. . .Area Nose, Chem. 
2. CucuUsea, Delamarck Area cucullata, Chem. 
3. Pectunculus, Lam. . . Area pilosa, L. 
4. Nucula, Lam., Area pellucida, Chem. 

\^ XVIII. Trigonia, Brug La Trigonie nacree, Lam. 

C 1. Mytilus, prop. ....... Myt. edulis, L. 

/I. Mytilus, Zm. ^2. Modiolus, iam Myt. modiolus, Lam. 

( 3. Lithodomus, Ciiv. . . Myt. lithophagus, L. 

II. Anodontes P* Anodonte, prop. Myt. cygnaeus, L. 

J) ' "{ ^' Iridina, TJetozarc/c. .Irid, cocotica 
^^^S (3. Dipsada, Leach ■•• 

{1. Unio, prop Mya margiritlfora, L. 
2. Hyria, Lean H. rugosa, Lam. 
3. Castalia, Lam ..,..- Cast, ambigua. Lam. 

\ IV. Cardita, Brug Chama caliculata, Chem. 

V. Cypricardia, Lam. Chama oblonga, Gm. 

VI Coralliophaga, Blainv Chama coralliophaga, Gm. 

VII. Venericardia, Lam Venus imbrieata, Chem. 



§7 



VIII. Crassatella, Lam. Paphia, L, 
1 7? ■ f Venus ponderosa, Chem. 



t 1. Tridacna, prop. Zam. Chama gigas, L. 

\ 2. Hippopus Chama hippopus, L. 

<^ I. Chama, Li7l. <3. Chama, prop. i?n«^. .Chama Lazarus, Chem. 

' 4. Diceras, La77i Die. arietina. Lam. 

Isocardia, Lam Chama cor, L. 



12 



CLASS IV. — ACEPHALA. Iv 



ORDER I. — AcEPHALA Testacea (continued). 

Family. Genus. Siihgenus. Example of Species. 

/I. Cardium Cardium edule, L. 

Hemicardium Card, cardissa, Chem. 

II. Donax, L Don. rugosa, Chem. 

C 1. Cyclas Tellina cornea, L. 

III. Cyclas, J 2. Cyrena, Lam Tell, fluminea, Chem. 

BruS' • • i ^' Cyprina, L Venus Islandica, Chem. 

\_ 4. Galathaea, Bnig, . . .Venus hermaphrodita, Chem. 

III. Corbis, Cm. Fimbria, Megerl. . Venus fimbriata, Chem. 

C These have been subdivided by 

I V . Tellma, L < Gmelin according to the 

V. form of the shell 

V. Loripes, PoU Tellina lactea 

VI. Lucina, Brug Venus Pennsylvanica, Chem. 

VII. Ungulina Un. transversa, Sowerby 

1. Venus prop. i)e?«-l Venus litterata, Chem. 
march J 

VIII. Venus, 1 2. Astarta,^o«;. Cras-\ y^^^g ^^^^j^ H^^^ Lerin 
Y < sma. Lam } 

'3. Cytherea, Lam Venus gigantea 

4. Capsa, Brug Venus deflorata, Chem. 

■ 5. Petricola, Lam. .,», Venus lapicida, Chem. 

IX. Corbula, Brug C. gallica 



slralis, Chem. 



(: 



X Mijf.frc T fl. Mactra, prop. Za?n..Myaau 

A . maccra, -tv . . | g. Lavignon Mya Hispanica, Chem. 

X- /I. Mya, prop. Lam. . . .Mya truncata, L. 

k 2. Lutraria, Lam Mactra lutraria. Lister 

^3. Anatina, Lam Solen anatinus, Chem. 

I Mva hin -^ ^' Sol6™y3) -^a™ Tellina togata, Poll 

• • X 5. Glycymeris, Lam\^ ^^y L. 

Cyrtodana,Z)a;<a. J 

6. Panopea, Mesnard . . Mya glycimeris, L. 

7. Pandora, Brug Tellina inequivalvis 

II. Byssomia, Cuv Mytilus pholadis, Miil. 

III. Hyatella, Daud> Solen minutus, L. 

{\. Solen, prop. Cuv. . .Solen vagina, Chem. 
2. Sanguinolaria, Lam. .S. sanguinolentus, Chem. 
3. Psammobia, Lam. . . Tellini gari, Lin. 
4. Psamraothea, Zam. . P. violacea, Lam. 

V. Pholas, L Pholas dactylus, L. 

VI. Teredo, L T. navalis, L. 

VII. Fistulana, Brug Teredo clava, Gm. 

VIII. Gostrochsena, Spengler Pholas hyans, Chem. 

IX. Teredina, Lam T. personata, Lam. 

X. Clavagella, Lam CI. echinata. Lam. 

XI. Aspergillium Asper Javaneus, Mart. 



Ivi DIV. II. MOLLUSCA. 



ORDER II.— ACEPHALA NUDA. 

These are without a shell. The gills differ among themselves 
in form, but never constitute four leaflets, as in the testaceous 
acephala. 



I. Biphora, 
Brus- Tha 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

i7t "/?>-m7.» \ 1- ^'"^'P^' P™P- ^"^- ' • • ^^'P^ scutigera, Cuv. 
lia, nronn.y ^ xhalia, Brawn .... Holothuiia thalia, Gm. 
Salj)a&Da-i 
gysa, Gjn. ./ 
II. Ascidia, L. Theiiton of the) 

ancients \''''- P'^'J^^^^l^ta, Edwards 



I. Botryllus, Gcertn Bo. stellia, Gaertner 

II. Pyrosoma, Peron. 

III. Polyclinium • Pyrosoma elegans, Lesueur 



CLASS v.— BRACHIOPODA. 

In this class, as in the fourth, the mantle has two lobes, and it is 
always open ; but for feet there are fleshy arms, with numerous 
filaments, which can be withdrawn into the shell. All the genera are 
bivalves. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

I. Lingula, Brug Lin. anatina, Cuv. 

TT TpvpKrafnls 7?>-»rr /'' Spirifer, ,Soiwr&^ . . Anomia scobinata, Gualt. 

II. lereDratUla,ZfrM^. ^^ Xhecidia, Def The. Mediterranea, Risso 

III. Orbicula, Cuv Patella anomala, Miill. 

Crania, Brug Anomia craniolaris, L. 



CLASS VI.— CIRRHOPODA. 



Lepas and Tritons, Lin. 



In this class, the animals of which approach the Articulata, the 
mouth is furnished with jaws, and the abdomen with filaments, or 
cirrhi, in pairs, like those under the tail of several Crustacea. 



Genus. 



I. Anatifa, Brug. 



l 



II. Balanus, Brug,. ! 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Pentalasmis, Zeae/z.. Lepas anatifera, L. 

2. FoUicipes, Leach .. Lepas pollicipes, L. 

3. Cineras, Leach C. vittata, Leach 

4. Otion, Leach- • • • • -Otion Cuvieri, Leach 

5. Tetralasmis, Cuv. . . T. hirsutus, Cuv. 

1. Balanus, prop Lepas balanus, L. 

2. Acasta, Leach • • • • A. Montagni, Leach 

3. Conia, Blainv C. radiata, Blain. 

4. Asama, Ranzani . . Lepas porosus, Gm. 

5. Pyrgoma, Savig. . . Py. cancellata, Leach 

6. Octhosia, Ra7iza7ii. .Le^as Straemii, Miill. 
7- Creusia, Leach . . , . C. spniulosa, Leach 

8. Coronula, Lam Lepas balsenaris, L. 

n rr, , • • ,, r f La Tubicinelle, Lam. An. Mus. 

9. Tubicinella, Lam. < -. ' 

( I. XXX. 

10. Diadema, Ranz, . . . Lepas diademi, Chem. 



DIVISION III.— ARTICULATA. 



In this grand division, the body, and in general the limbs, are 
surrounded by, or encased in, articulated rings, affording a support 
for the soft parts, and an attachment for the muscles. 

It is divided into four classes. 



Division. Class. 

Annelida, Lam. or, Worms with 
red blood, Cuv. 
ARTICULATA.. <: II. Crustacea 

III. Arachnida 

IV. Insecta 



CLASS I.— ANNELIDA, or, Worms with red blood. 

Body soft, elongated, articulated or divided into segments or 
transverse folds. 

The Annelida are divided into three orders, viz : — 



Class. Order. 

1. Tubicola 
Annelida. . ^ 2. Dorsibranchiata 
Abranchiata 



{I 



ORDER L— Tubicola. 

These animals form tubes to live in, either of calcareous matter 
exuded from their own body, or from foreign substances, to which 
tubes they are not however attached, like the tubicolous or testa- 
ceous mollusca. 



CLASS I. — ANNELIDA. lix 



ORDER I.— TuBicoLA. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. ~"^-~l 

I. Serpula, L Serpula contortuplicata, Ellis 

Spirorbis, Lam Serpula spirillum, Pallas 

II. Sabella, Ciiv Sabella protula, Cuv. 

III. Terebella, Cuv Ter. conchilega, Gm. 

IV. Amphitrite, Cuv . Am. auricoma Belgica, Gm. 

V. Syphostoma, Otto . Sy. diplocaita, Otto 

VI. Dentalium, L D. elephantinum, Martini 



ORDER II. DORSIBRANCHIATA. 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species 

I. Arenicola, Lam Lumbricus marinus, L. 

' 1. Chloeia, Sav Terebella flava, Gm. 

2. Pleione, Sav. Am- ) rr i . ^ 
, . „, . > ler. carunculata, Gm. 

phmome, Blam. . ) ' 

3. Euphosine, Sav. ■ • • -Eu. lauveata, Sav. 
4 Hipponoa, Jud. &\h; G^uaichaudi 

Edtv ) 

f 1. Eunice, Ctw Eun. gigantea, Cuv. 

III. Eunice, Chi;.. J J Marphisa, ^«. Ner. sanguinea Montag 

J d. Lysidica, Sav Ly. Valentma, Sav. 

\_ 4. Aglaura, Sav Ag. fulgida 

1. Nereis, prop. Cuv. ..Nereis versicolor, Gm 



II. Amphinome, 
B?'ug .... 



/■ 1. Nereis, prop. Cuv. ..Nereis versicolor, Gm. 

IV. Nereida, Sac. } 2. Phyllodoca, Sav.'\ xt • i -c a.i ^- t, i 
' ' ^ J XT • 1 71 I Nereis lamifera Allan tica, Pal - 

Lycoris, Sav . . ] Nereiphylla, V j^^ 

([_ Blai7i } 

Ec 



V. Alciopa, Aud. & Edw Al. Reynaudii, Aud. Sf Edw. 

/' 1. Spio, prop Spio setticornis. Otto 

VI. Spio, Fab. & J 2. Syllis, Sav S. monilaris, Sav. 

/^ 7 J 3. Glycera, Sav Nereis alba, Mull. 

f_4. Nephthys, Cuv Nephthys Hombergii, Cuv. 

VII. Lombrinera, ( \- Lombrinera Nereis abranchiata Pallas 

P , . < 2. Ancia, Sav Ar. Cuvieri, Aud. if Edw. 

i^l'i^ll^ 1^3, Hesiona H. splendida, Sav. 

VIII. Ophelia, Sav Nereis prisraatica I 

IX. Cirrhatula, Lam Lumbricus cirrhatus, Ott. 

X. Palmyra, Sav Pal. aurifera, Sav. 

[L Halithea, Snv Aphrodita aculeata, L. 

2. Polynoe, ^'ay. Eu-1 , , „ „ 
molpe, Oken.. . . / Amphr. squamata. Pall. 

3. Sigalion, Aud. &1 ^. ,,,.,, . , „ t. , 
^^^ > Sig. Mathildas, Aud. S( Edw. 

1^4. Acoeta, Id A. Pleei, Aud. 8f Edw. 

XII. Chsetopterus, Cuv Ch. pergamentaceus, Cuv. 

h 2 



XL Aphrodita, L. 



Ix 



DIV. III. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER III. — Abranchiata. 



Family. 

< 

< 



Genus. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



I. Lumbri- f^" Enterio, Sav. L. terrestris, L. 

J- < 2. Hypogason Hy. hirtum, Sav. 

CUS, L,. . J^3_ xrophonia T. barbata, Aud. Sf Ed%v. 

II. Xais, L Nais elinguis, Miill. 

III. Climena Cl. amphistoma, Sav. 



< H 

a s 

< H 

K O 



/" 



I. Hirudo, L. ' 



{n. 



1. Sanguisuga, Sav. . . H. medicinalis, L. 

2. Hsemopis, ;S'ai'. • • • • H.sanguisuga, Sav. Zfor^e leech 

3. Bdella, .Say. • ■ • - -Bd. Nilotica, Eg. 

4. Nephelis, Sav, . • • • Hir. vulgaris, L. 

5. Trochetia, Z);(iroc/ieiGeobdella trochetii, Blain. 

6. Aulostoma ilfo - \ ^ nigrescens 
quin-iandoii . . J 

7. Branchiobdella, \ g_ ^^^^^. q^_ 
Oaier j 

8. Haemocharis, 5'av .. Hirudo piscium, L. 

9. Albiona, Sav Hir. muricata, L. 

10. Branchellio, Sav. ..B. torpedinis, Sav. 

11. Clepsines, Sav.^ 
Glossopores, > Hir. complanata, L. 
Johns J 

12. Phyllina, Okeyi Hir. hippoglossi, Miill. 

"^13. Malacobdella, ^to/w.Hir. grossa, Miill. 

Gordius, L . G. aquaticus, L. 



CLASS II. — CRUSTACEA. 



Ixi 



ARTICULATA. 

The following classes of Articulata have articulated feet or legs. 

CLASS II.— CRUSTACEA. 

This class is divided into two sections. 



Class. Section. 

Malacostraca 

iNTOMOSTRACA 



CRUSTACEA 



J I. Ma 
••(11. En 



The section Malacostraca is divided into five orders. 

Section. Order. 

1. Decapoda 

2. Stomapoda 
Malacostraca . . <( 3. Amphipoda 

4. Lsemodipoda 
,5. Isopoda 



The first four orders embrace the genus Cancer of Linnaeus, and 
the last that which he names Oniscus. 



ORDER I.— Decapoda. 



o 

(A 

< 

cq 






^ \ 



Family. Genus. Section. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

/ / /I. Matuta, Fab C. latipes, De Geer 

2. Polybius,Z««c/..{P°JJJ;'j; Henslowii, 

I. Natans. . . . / J Orithyia Fa&.... O. mamillaris, Fab. 
\ 4. Podophthalmus, It.- t .. 

I J- '^ f "• spinosus, Latr. 

I 5. Portunus, Fab. • • For. Dufouiii, Latr. 

\6. Platyonichus, C!<i;.C. latipes, Plancus 
/' 1. Cancer, prop. Fab.Q. Pagurus, L. 
\ 2. Pirimela, Leach . . P. denticulata 

II. Arcuata.. . ^^- Atelecyclus, LeachA. Anglorum, Cuv. 
\4. Thia, Leach . . . .T. polita. Leach 

#5. Mursia, Leach. . . . M. Africana, Cuv. 
v6. Hepatus, Lat H. fasciatus, Latr. 

12 



Ixii 



DIV. HI. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER I. — Decafoda (continued). 



Family. Genus. 



Section. 



'^ 



« 

o 

PS 

p 



( 



III. Quadri- 
laterata . 



IV. Orbiculata 



« 
Q 



V. Trigona , 



VI. Cryptopo- 
da 



^ I 



VII. Notopoda 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

/* 1. Eriphia, Lat. . . . C. spinifrons, Fab. 

2. Trapezia, Lat. . . C. cymodoce, Herbst. 

3. Pilumnus, Lea. . . 

4. Thelphusa, \ C. fliiviatilis, Bel. Ron- 
Lat j del. Gesn. 

5. Gonoplax, Lea. . . C. angulatus, Lin. 

6. Macrophthal- 1 Gonoplax transversus, 
mus, Lat.. ... J Latr. 

7. Gelasimus, 1 /-. i a ^ /^ v 
\ r J TT / f Gel. Austr. Carolina 

Latr. Uca, Le. ) 

8. Ocypode, Fab. . , O. rhombea, Fab. 

9. Mictyris, Lat. . . Mic. Austr. oceani, Cuv. 

10. Pinnotheres, Lat. 

11. Uca, Latr C. uca, Lin. 

12. Cardisoma, Lat. .C. cordatus, L. 
l.S. Gecercinus, LeachC. ruricola, L. 

14. Plagusia, Latr. ..Pla. depressa, Latr. 
\15. Grapsus, Lam. . . Grapsus varius, Latr. 

f 1. Corystes, Lat. ..C. personatus, Herbst. 
\ 2. Leucosia, Fab. . . Leu. cylindrus. Fab. 

x-l. Parthenope, Frt&,.P. horrida. Fab. 

o iT-*r r fMithrax spinicinctus, 

2, Mithrax, Lea.. < r , 

(^ Labr. 

1 Maia glabra, Coll.inMus. 

j of Nat. Hist. 

. . P. aurita, Latr. 

. . Maia taurus. Lam. 

. . C. squinado, Herbs. 

7- Micippus, Lea. . . C. cristatus 

8. Stenocionops, 1 „ . • tt , 

, '^ > C. cervicornis, Herbs. 
Lea j 

9. Camposcia, Cuv. 

10. Halimus, Latr.,.C. superciliosus, Lin. 

1 1. Hyas, Leach . . . . C. araneus, Lin. 

1 2. Libinia, Leach . . L. canaliculata. Say. 

13. Leptopus, Z«OT. . Maia longipes, Cuv. 

14. Hymenosoma, 1 „ u- i • t\ 

r }- H. orbicularis, Desmar. 

Lea J 

15. Inachus, f«&. . . C. dodecos ? Lin. 

16. Achaeus, ienc/z. . A. Cranchii, Leach 

17. Stenorhynchus, "> Macropodia tenuirostris, 

La7n J Lea. 

18. Leptopodia,Z('«c/;Inachus Sagittarius, Fab. 

19. Pactolus, Leach ..P. Boscii, Leach 
V2O. Lithodes, ia??-. . C. maja, Lin. 

1. Calappa, Fab Cal. granulata. Fab. 

2. iEthra, Leach. . . . JE. depressa. Lam. 

' 1. Homola, Leach . . H. spinifrons. Leach 

2. Dorippe, Fab. . . . D. lanata, Lin. 

3. Droniia, Fab C. dromia, Lin. 

4. Dynomene, Latr. .D. hispida, Desm. 

3. Ranina, Lam R. Aldrovandi, Ranz. 



3. Acanthonyx, 
Lat. ., 

4. Pisa, Leach . 

5. Pericera, Lat. 
0. Maia, Leach . 



CLASS II.— 'CRUSTACEA. 



Ixiii 



ORDER I. — Decapoda (continued). 



Family. Genus. Section. 

/ 



I. Anomala . 



f^ 



< 

'A 
X 
o 
o 



d3 



^ 



II. Locustae . 



III. Astacina 



IV. Carides . 



V V 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Albuiiea, Fah. . . .Cancer symnista, Lin. 

2. Hippa,Fa6.Em-\jj p^^_ 

erita, Gronov. . ) ■' ' 

3. Remipes, Latr. . , R. testudinarius, Latr. 

4. Birgus, Leach. . . .Cancer latro, Lin. 

5. Pagurus, Fab Paguvus clypeatus, Fab. 

'L Scyllarus, Fab. ..Cancer arctus, Lin. 

^2. Palinurus, i^a&. . . P. quadricornis, Fab. 
^L Galatliea, Fab . . . . G. rugosa, Fab. 

2. Porcellana, Lam..'?. Hexapus, Lat. 

3. Megalopus, iea.\ ^ 

MacropuSjiai. / 

4. Gebia, Leach . . . .Thalassina littoralis 

5. Thalassina, 1 Callianassa subterranea, 

Latr / Leach 

6. Callianassa, Lea. 

7. Axius, Leach .... A. stirhynchus, Leach 

8. Eryon, Z)es??zcfre«<.E. Cuvieri 

9. Astacus, Growow. .Cancer Norwegicus, Lin. 
' 1. Penaeus, Fab. . . .Palaemon sulcatus, Oliv. 

2. Stenopus, Lat. . . Cancer setiferus, Lin. 

3. Atya, Leach .... A. scabra, Leach 

4. Crangon, Fab. . . C. vulgaris. Fab. 

5. Processa, Lea.^ -.■,■■, , ,. i-,- 

T.T., „. > Nika eduhs, Ris. 

Nika, Risso . . J ' 

6. Hymenocera, 1 

Latr. ) 

, T J' >- Alpheus elegans, Riss. 
lum, Lat j ^ ° ' 

8. Pontonia, Za^r. . Alpheus thyrenus, Riss. 

9. Alpheus, F«6. . . A. Malabaricus 
10. Hippolyte, Lea. 

IL Autonomea, Ris. .A. Olivii, Riss. 

12. Pandalus, Leach .P. annulicornis, Leach 

13. Palaemon, Fa&. ..P. serratus, Leach 

1 4. Lysmata, Riss. . . L. seticauda, Riss. 

15. Athanas, Lea. ..A. nitescens. Leach 

16. Pasiphaea, Sav. .. Alpheus sivado, Riss. 

17. Mysis, Zai!r M. Fabricii 

18. Cryptopus, Latr..C. Defrancii, Latr. 
V19. Mulcion M. Lesueuri 



Ixiv 



DIV. III. 



-ARTICULATA. 



ORDER II.— Stomapoda. 



Family . 

I. Uni- 

PELTATA. 

II. Bi- 

PELTATA. 



Genus. 



I. Squilla, Fa&."^ 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Squilla, Latr Cancer mantis, Lin. 

2. Gonodactylus, Za<. Squilla scyllarus, Fab. 

3. Coronis, iafr. .. .Squilla Eusebia ? Riss. 

4. Ericlithus, Zfli!;-. 1 r- -^ t t„ 

„ J- r r E. vitreus, Latr. 
Snierdis, Lea.. } 

5. Alima, Leach .... A. hyalina, Latr. 



[■I. Phylossoma, Leach 



ORDER III. — Amphipoda. 



Family. 



{ 



< 

< 



Genus. 



I. Uroptera, 
Lat. . . . 



II. Gammari- 
na, Latr., 



III. Decem- 
pedes, Laf. 



Subgenus, 
1 



Phronima, 
Latr 



Example of Species. 

r Cancer sedentarius, 

\ Forsk. 

f Cancer monoculoides, 



r 



2. Hyperia, Latr. ^ ^^^^^^^^ 

3. Phrosine, Riss. . . P. macrophthalma, Riss. 

4. Dactylocera, \ Phrosina semilunata, 
Lat J Riss. 

, T ,^ f Oniscus thoracinus, 

1. Jone, Cuv ■{ m t • c- 

( Irans. Lm. Soc. 

2. Orchestia, Lea. . . Oniscus gamarellus, Pall. 

3. Talitrus, Lat. . . . Oniscus locusta, Pall. 

4. Atylus, Leach . . A. carinatus, Leach 

5. Gammarus, 1 ^ ... 

, ,' J- Cancer pulex, Lin. 
prop. Lat .... J ^ 

6. Melha, Leach, i^^'f'"' palmatus, Mon- 

l tag. 

7. -M^ra, Z.«c7. .. /dancer gammarus grosi- 

(^ manus, JNIont. 

8. Ampithoe, Zeac/jCancer rubricatus, Mont. 

9. Pherusa, Leach. . P. fucicola, Leach 

irt T% • T f Cancer gammarus spi- 

10. Dexamine.iea. -[ "., , ^ 

' (^ nosus, Mont. 

1 1 . Leucothoe, Lea. . Cancer articulosus, Jlont. 

12. Ceraiipus, Say . . . Cer. tubularis, Thom. 

13. Pedocerus, Leach,'?, variegatus, Leach 

14. Jassa, Leach . . . . J. pulchella, Leach 

15. Corophium, ia^.. Cancer grossipes, Lin. 

16. Pterygocera, f Oniscus arenarius, Ency. 

Lat \ Meth. 

17- Apseudes, Zea. \ 
^ Epheus, Risso j 



1. Typhis, Riss. 
Riss . 

Lea. 



r 1. Typhis, 
I 2. Anceus, 

J 3. Praniza, 



/ Oni 
•I ? 



T. ovoides, Ris. 
A. forficularis, Ris. 
niscus coeruleatus, 
Mont. 



CLASS II. CRUSTACEA. 



Ixv 



ORDER IV.— L^MODipoDA. 



Genus. Subgenus. 

r 1. Leptomera, Lat7: 
r\ J t 12. Naupredia, Latr. 



Example of Species. 
. Gammarus pedatiis, Mul 



aprella, Lamck, . . Squilla lobata, Mull. 
Cyamus, Latr Oniscus ceti, Lin. 



ORDER v.— IsopoDA. 



Genus. 



Oniscus, hill. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Bopyrus, Latr. . . B. crangorum, Latr. 

2. Serolis, Leach • • Cymothoa paradoxa, Fab. 

3. Cymothoa, Fab.. .C. sestvum. Fab. 

4. Ichthyophilus,Z,«)!.See Desmar. Consid. 307 

5. Canolira, Leach . . Anilocva capensis ? 

6. i5^ga. Leach .... ^ga enfaiUee 

7. Rocinela, Leach . . See Desmar, 304 

8. Conilira, I-jcach . . See Desmar. 304 

9. Synodus, Z«<r. . .SeeEncy.method.Art.Synodus 
10. Cirolana, Leach 

\\. Nelocira, Zeac/i- -N. Swainsonii ? 

12. Eurydice, Lea. . .See Desmar. 303 

13. Limnoria, Lea. . . L. terebrans. Leach 

14. Zuzara, Leach . . See Desmar. 298 

1 5. Sphaeroma, Lat. . . Oniscus serratus. Fab. 

16. Naesa, Cuv N. bidentata, Des. 

17. Cilicsea, Leach . . C. Latreillii 

18. Cymodocea, LeachSee Desmar. 296 

19. Dynamene, Zea. . See Desmar. 297 

20. Anthura, Lea. . . .Oniscus gracilis, Montag. 

21. Idotea, Fab Oniscus entomon, Lin. 

22. Stenosoma, Leach.S. lineare. Leach 

23. Arcturus, Lat. . . . A. tuberculatus, Cuv. 

24. Asellus, Geoff. . . . Idotea aquatica, Fabr. 

25. Oniscoda, Lat. . . Janira maculosa. Leach 

26. Jaera, Leach , . , . Jara albifrons. Leach 

27. Tylos, Lai T. armadillo, Latr. 

28. Ligia, Fab Oniscus oceanicus, Lam. 

29. Philoscia, Lat. . . .Oniscus sylvestris, Fab. 

30. Oniscus, prop. Lin. On. murarius, Fab. 

31. Porcellio, Lat., . .Oniscus asellus, Cuv. 
^ 32. Armadillo, Laf. . . Oniscus armadillo 



Ixvi 



DIV. III. 



-ARTICULATA. 



CRUSTACEA. 



GENERAL DIVISION II.— ENTOMOSTRACA 

is divided into two orders. 

Order. 

J rand 
Pfficilopocla 



Division. 

Entomostraca 



r 1. Branchiopoda 



ORDER I. — Branchiopoda. 



Genus. 



Section. 



1/ 
g \ 

o 
o 



I. Lophyropa 



II. Phyllopa.. 



< 3 



V 



Subgenus. 

1. Zoea, Bosc , 

2. Nebalia, Leach . . . , 

3. Condylura, ia^ • 

4. Cyclops, Aliill. ... 

5. Cytherina, Lam. 

G. Cypris, Aliill. . . . » , 

7. Polyphemus, Miill. 

8. Daphnia, Aliill... , 

9. Lynceus, Aliill. . . . 
Limnadia, Adolp. . 
Artemia, Leach. . . 
Branchipus, Lat. . 
Eulimene, Latr. . 
Apus, Scop 



Example of Species, 
Zee pelagica, Bosc. 
N. Herbstii 
Con. Dorbignii ? 
C. castor, Cuv. 

C. strigata, Miill. 
.Monoculus pediculus 
Monoculus pulex, Lin. 
. G. lynceus, Miill. 
. Lim. Herman!, Adolp. 
.Cancer salinus, Lin. 
. Cancer paludosus 
. Eul. blanclidtre, Latr. 
.Monoculus apus, Lin. 



ORDER II.— P^ciLOPODA. 



Family. 
XiPHOSURA .... 



Family. Tribe. 



Genus. 

(Limulus, Fah. 
(Tachypleus . . 



Getins. 



Stih genus. 



Examjile of Species. 
• Limula heterodactyla, Cuv. 
Lim. Cyclops, Fab. 

Example of Species. 




I. Argulus, Mull Monoculus foliaceus,Lin. 

t 1. Caligus, prop. Cuv.QiA. piscinus, Lat. 
TT r'oliViis 1 ^" Ptei'ygopoda, Lat..^ee Desmar. Consid. 340 
' , ,. =■ ' "v 3. Pandarus, Zeac/i- -Pan. bicolor, Leach 
Mult. ... J 4_ Dinemoura, ia^.. Caligus productus, MiilL 
C 5. Anthosoma, I^eachAn. Smithii, Leach 
III. Cecrops, Leach Cecrops Latreillii, Leach 



CLASS II. CRUSTACEA. Ixvii 

ORDER II. — P^ciLOPODA (cotitinued). 

Family. Tribe. Genus. Example of Species. 



o 



"« 1 g 1 I. T>iche\estmm, Herm. , _ . . 
<" ' '° - ■ ' ' T^ stunonis 



c e 



fls 



■].. 



^j \ II. Nicothoe, Aud. &! ^ .,.„„: 
1 Miln-Edw J 



TRILOBITES. 



The singular fossils called Trilobites, are supposed by naturalists 
to have been crustacea allied to entomostraca. 



The principal genera are 



1. Agnostus, Brong. 

2. Calymene, Brong. 
S. Asaphus, Brong. 
4. Ogygia, Brong. 

.5. Parodoxides, Brong. 



i 2 



Ixviii 



DIV. in. ARTICULATA. 



CLASS III.— ARACHNIDA. 



The Arachnida are divided into two orders. 



Class. 



Arachnida 



-u 



Order. 

Pulmonarige 
Tracheariee 



ORDER I. PULMONARIA. 



Family. 



Genus. 



I. Mygale, Cuv 



Genus. Division. 

r 



Section. 



< 



I. Tubiteles 



S 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

/» ' P "■ J- Aranea avicularia, Lin. 
n Click ) 

2. Atypus, Latr. . , Atypus Sulzeri, Latr. 

3. Eryodon, Xa^. . . E. occatorius, Latr. 

4. Dysdera, Lat. . . D. erythrina, Lat. 

5. Filistata, Lat. . . F. bicolor, Lat. 

Subge7ius. Example of Species. 

1 /-M .1 itr 1 1 f C. uroctea 5-maculata, 
J . Clotho, Walck • 1 r) f . 

2. Drassus, Walck. . D.viridissiraus, Walck. 

3. Segestria, Lat. . . Araneaflorentina,Ross. 

4. 



„, , . r . f Aranea holosencea, 

Clubiona, Lat.. -J t ■ 
' I Lm. 



TI. Inequi- 

teles . . . 



III. Orbite- 
les 



Si 



IV. Lateri- 
grades . 



5. Aranea,prop.C?ry. Aranea domestica, Lin. 
G. Argyroneta, iaf.. Aranea aquatica, Lin. 

Scytodes, Latr. . . S. thoracica, Latr. 

Tlieridion, f Aranea 13-guttata, 

Walck t Fab. 

0. Episinus, Walck .E. truncatus 

irt r>u 1 Trr 7 7 fP- Phalangioides, 
10. Pholcus, Walck "i w 1 k 

fl 1. Linyphia, Latr, . L. triangularis, Walck. 
12. Uloborus, ia;;. . . U.Walckenserius, Latr. 
\13. Tetragnatha, Lat.T. extensa, Walck. 
14. Epeira. Walck .. Aranea diadema, Lin. 
15. Micrommata, ("Aranea smaragdula, 

Lat \ Fab. 

IK. Senelops, Z)«/. . . S. omalosome, Dufour 
17- Philodromus, f Araneusmargaritarius, 
Walck \ Clerck 

18. Thomisus, Walck. ArSinea globosa, Fab. 

19. Storena, Walck. 



CLASS III. — ARACHNIDA. 



Ixix 



ORDER I. — PuLMONARiA (continued). 



Family. Genus. Division. Section. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



OS 

< 




C 20. Oxyopes, Latr. / Sphasus heterophthal- 
\ J c y ^ jj^ug^ W alck. 

I2I. 
< 22. 



mirabilis, 



Citigra- 121. Ctenus, Walck. 

(Jgg S 22. Dolomedes, f Araneus 

J Latr \ Clerck 

f 23. Lycosa, Zafr. , . Aranea tarantula, Lin. 

24. Myrmecia, Latr..lsl. fauve, Cuv. 

25. Tessarops, Raf. . . 
II. Saltigra- ^26. Palpimanus, Biif.P. Bossii, Duf. 

jg„ ^27. Eresus, Walck .. E.cinnaberinus, Walck. 

28. Salticus, Latr. {"^'^^^ sanguinolenta, 



Genus. 



I. Tarantula, Fa6 



^4 

^ "^ / 

i-i v-'-^" Scorpio, Lin 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

\. Phrynus, Oliv. | Phakngium reniforme, 

2. Thelyphonus, f Phalangium caudatum, 
Lat \ Lin. 

{1. Buthus, Leach ..Scorpio, Afer, Lin. 
2. Scorpio, prop . . . . S. Europseus, L. 



•{ 



ORDER II. — Trachearije. 



Family. Tribe 

o ^ ( 

« f^ V 

w 2 / 
I? ^ \ 
^§i 

o . 

o 
I— I 

-3 a ;I. Phalan- 
1^ "1 gita,jLfl/r. 

- ( 
I— I '^ 



Genus. 



Example of Species. 



I. Galeodes, Oliv Solpuga fatalis, Fab. 

II. Chelifer, Geoff. {^^t^Lr '^""°'" 

I. Pycnogonum, Brim Miil. Zool.Dan. 119.20. 

II. Phoxichilus, Latr jPy^nogonum spinipes, 

III. Nymphon,Fa6 {%'e3T ^"'''" 

I. Phalangium, Lin P. cornutum, Lin. 

II. Siro, Latr S. rubens, Latr. 

III. Macroclieles, Lat... jAcaj-us^marginatus, 

IV. Trogulus, Lat {'^'HT' "'P*^°™''' 



Ixx 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER II. — TRACHEARiiE (continued). 



Family, 



< 
Pi 

H 

w 
o 

ffl 



Example of Species. 
' V T. holosericeum, Fab. 



Tribe. Genus. Suhgeiius. 

I 1. Trombidium 
Fah. . 

2. Erythiseus, iair. E. Phalangioides, Latr 

3. Gamasus, Lat. . . G. marginatus, Lat. 

A ri\. ^ L T i i Acarus eruditus, 

4. Chelyetus, Lat. K q i, t- 

5. Oribata, Latr. 

6. Uropoda,Z«^. j^^,"^ ^^S'^*^"^' ^^ 



I. Acarus, L. . ( 



t Geer 

7- Acarus, prop, f Acarus domesticus, De 
Fab. t Geer 

„ t>j n T ^ r Acarus lonsicornis, 

8. Bdella, Lat. • • "( t • 

„ „ ... r ^ f Acarus sambuci, 

9. Smaridia, Lat. -( r. i i 

(_ Scnrank 

10. Ixodes, Lat Acarus ricinus, Lin. 

11. Argas, Lat Ixodes reflexus, Fab. 

12. Elyais, Lat Atax extendens, Fab. 

13. Hydrachna, f Atax geographicus, 
Lat \ Fab. 

1^- Limnochares, | Acarus aquaticus, Lin. 

15. Caris, Lat C. vespertilionis, Latr. 

TO T . T u (Acarus autumnalis, 
10. Leptus, Aa(!r. . < „, 

^ (^ ohaw 

17- Aclysia, And, ... A. du dytique, Cuv. 

18. Atoma, Latr . . i ^'f!'}"' ^^'^''''''''' ^" 
( Geer 

119. Ocypete, Leach. .0. rubra, Leach 



CLASS IV.— INSECTA. 

The Insects are divided into twelve orders. 

Class. Order. 



Insecta,. 



1. 


Myriapoda 


2. 


Thysanoura 


3. 


Parasita 


4. 


Suctoria 


5. 


Coleoptera 


6. 


Ortlioptera 


7. 


Hemiptera 


8. 


Neuroptera 


9. 


Hymenoptera 


10. 


Lepidoptera 


11. 


Rhipiptera 


\± 


Diptera 



ORDER I.— Myriapodes. 

Family. Genus. Suhgenus. Example of Species. 



r 1. Glomeris, Latr lulus oralis, Lin. 

T Tn1n«! Tin J ^' I^lus, prop. Z«h I. maximus, Lin. 

^ "N ' ' ' ' * ^ 3. Polydesmus, Lat. . , lulus complanatus, Fab. 

12| f V 4. Pollyxenus, Latr. . . Scolopenclra lagura, L. 



►;j3 K.^ 1 ^1. Scutigera, Lam lulus araneoides, Pall. 

Q r -<v Scolopendra, J 2. Lithobius, Zeac/« . . .Scolopendra forficata, Lin. 



1-4 c 



S 



g ^ Lin ) 3. Scolopendra, prop. | g^_ .i^g^^i^t^^ L^tr. 



ORDER II.— Thysanoura. 

Family. Genus. Suhgenus. Example of Species. 

I. Lepis- 1 -p . -r (\. Machilis, iair. . . Leprisma polypoda, Lin. 



I. Lepis- 1 -j- . r (I. Machilis, ia^r. .. Leprisma polypoda 
MEN^ Lat. ^ ^^V^^^^f ^ ' \2. Lepisma,prop. LzM.L. saccharina, Lin. 

II. PoDU- I p -, T fl. Podura, Lai P. arborea, Lin. 

RELLiE, Lat.j ^ ^^^' ' (2. Symnthurus, Za^.Podura atra, Lin. 



Ixxii 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER III.— Parasita. 



Genus. 
Pediculus, Lin. 



{ 



Siihgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Pediculus, prop. De G.P. humanus corporis, De G. 

2. Hoematopinus, Z/eac. Pediculus suis, Pinz 

3. Ricinus, DeG. 6'i<i- f Pediculus sternse hirundinis, 

divided hy Nitzsch \ Lin. 



ORDER IV.— SucToRiA. 



Genus. 

Pulex, L. . . 



Example of Species. 
■ Pulex irritans, L. 



ORDER v.— COLEOPTERA. 



Section I. — Pentamera. 



Family. Tribe. Section. 

r 



Genus. 



Pi 
< 



t I 



*<1 



o 






03 



V 



H 



Cicindela, 
Lin. . . . 



Subgenus. 

/ 1. Manticora, /'ai. . 

2. Megacephala, f 
Lat , . . I 

3. Oxyclieila, Dej . . 

4. Euprosopus, f 
Lat \ 

5. Cicindela, prop. \ 
Lat / 

6. Ctenostoma,A7%. 

7. Therates, Lair.. 

8. Colliurus, Lat. . . 
V .q. Tricondyla, Lat.. 
f 1. Antliia, Web. . . . 

2. Graphipterus, f 
Lat \ 

3. Aptinus, Bon. . X 

4. Brachinus, Web.. 



Example of Species. 

M. maxillosa. Fab. 
Cicindela megaloce- 

phala, Fab. 
Cicindela tristis, Fab. 
Cicindela 4 - notata, 

Cuv. 

C. campestris, Lin. 



C. longicoUis, Cuv. 



Cai-abus, L.. 5. Casnonia,i«i;;-. 4 



6. Leptotrachelus, / 

Lat \ 

7. Odacantlia, Payh. 

8. Zuphium, Lai. . . 
^9. Polistichus, Bon. . 



Anthia exclamationis, 

Fab. 
Brachinus displosor, 

Duf. 
B. complanatus, Fab. 
AttelabusPennsylvani- 

cus, Lin. 
Odacantha dorsalis, 

Fab. 
O. melanura 
Galerita olens, Fab. 
Galerita fasciolat3,Fab^ 



CLASS IV. INSECTA. 



Ixxiii 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 



Section I. — Pentamera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. Section. 



Genus. 



"S 



« 

^ 



Is 



Carabus, L. 






Subgenus. Example of Species. 

'10. Helluo, Bott H. costatus, Cuv. 

11. Drypta, Za^r. . . D. emarginata, Fab. 

12. Tiichognatha, (T. marginipennis, St. 
Lat \ Hil. 

13. Galerita, jFa6. . .G. occidentalis, Dej. 

14. Cordistes, Lat. 

^^' ^iTfTl!':. . } Ct- Chevrolatii, Dej. 

16. Agra, Fab. 

17. Cymindis, Lat. 

18. Calleida, Dej. 

19. Demetrias, Bon. 

20. Dromias, Bon. 

^, ^ . , ( Carabus cyaiiocepha- 

21. Lebia, Latr...j^ lus, Lin. 

22. Plochionus, Dej. . 

23. Orthogonius, Dej. 

24. Coptodera, Dej. 

25. Enceladus, Bon. .E. gigas, Bon. 
2C. Siagona, Latr. . . S. rufipes, Lat. 

27. Carenum, Bon. . . Scarites cyaneus, Fab. 

28. Pasimachus, Bon. 

29. Acanthoscelis, \ Scaritesruficornis,Fab. 

Lat j ' 

30. Scarites, i^ai. . .S. Pyracmon, Bon. 

31. Oxygnathus, f Scarites elongatus, 
Dej \ Wieden 

32. Oxystomus, Lat..O. cylindricus, Dej. 

33. Camptodontus, | ^ Cayennensis, Dej. 

34. Clivina, Lat Tenebrio fossor, Lin. 

35. Dyschirius, Bon..D. 

00 TIT • I- J r Harpaliis monilicornis, 

36. Mono, Lat. . . -J t ^ 

' ( Lat. 

37. Ozsena, OZfy . . . . O. dentipes, Oliv. 

on T-v-^ T> f Carabus Calydonius, 

38. Ditomus, Bon.. -J p 1 

39. Apotomus, Hoff. .Scarites rufus, Oliv. 

40. Acinopus, f Harpalus megacepha- 
Zeigl \ lus, Lat. 

,, „ i n- I f Acinopus maculipen- 

41. Daptus, jF^sc/;.. •< • *^t^ • ^ 

'^ ( nis, Dej. 

42. Harpalus, Dej. . . Carabus aeneus, Fab. 

43. Ophonus, Zeigl. 



44. Stenolophus, | g vaporariorum. Dej. 

45. Acupalpus, / Carabus meridianus, 
V Lat \ Lin. 

k 



Ixxiv 



DIV. in.— ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. Sect/ 



Genus. 



/ 



r 



/ 



PS 



I 



Carabus, L 



I 



If 



47. 

48. 

49. 

50. 
51. 

52. 
53. 
54. 
55. 

56. 

57. 

58. 

59. 

60. 

/6]. 
-^ 62. 
\ 63. 
I 64. 

65. 

66. 
67. 
68. 
69. 
70. 
71- 

72. 
73. 

74. 

75. 
76. 
77. 
78. 
79. 
80. 
81, 
82, 
^83 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Zabrns, Clairv.. .Carabus gibbus, Fab. 

Pogonus, ^^/e/o-. .P. halopbilus, Germar. 

Tetragonode- f Harpalus circumfusus, 

rus, Dej \ Germar. 

„ ■ r i f Carabus picimanus, 
Feronia, Lat.. -J t-v r. 
' ( Dufts. 

Myas, C/iv M. chalybseus, Cuv. 

Cephalotes, f Carabus cephalotes, 

Bon t Fab. 

Stomis, Clairv. ..S. pumicatus, Clair. 
Cetascopus, Kirb.C. Hardwickii, Kirby 
Colpodes, Mad . . Col. brunneus, Macl. 
MoiTflolyce, \ Moi-. phyllodes, Ha- 

Hegem / gem. 

Sphodrus, f Carabus leucophthal- 

Clairv ( mus, Lin. 

Ctenipus, f Sphodrus janthinus, 

Latr ( Dej. 

„ , ,, „ f Carabus melanocepha- 
Calathus, Bon.. K , t^ , ^ 

' (^ lus, Fab. 

Tapliria, Bon. . . Carabus vivalis, lllig. 

T^ ,. , D (Carabus flavicornis, 
Dolicnus, Bon. ^ p i 

Platynus, Bon. . . P. complanatus, Bon. 

Agonum, Bon. . .Harpalus viduus, Gyll. 

Anchomenus,5o;z. Carabus prasinus, Fab. 

Callistus, Bon. . , Carabus lunatus, Fab. 

„ J „ f Carabus helopioides, 

Oodes, Bon. ••■{pi, 

Chlssnius, i>OB. . C. cinctus, Fab. 

Epomis, Bon .... Dinodes rufipes, Bon. 

Rembus, Lafr...R. politus, Dej. 

Dicselus, Bon. 

Licinus, Lafr. . . Carabus agricola, Oliv. 

Badister, f Carabus bipustulatus, 

Clairv \ Fab. 

Felec'mva, Kirby..P. cyanipes, Kirb. 

Cynthia, Lat. 

-n J- . f Carabus crux-major, 

Panagaeus, Lat. i t- i 
° L Fab. 

Loricera, Lat. . . L. anea, Lat. 

Patrobus, Meg. . . Carabus rufipes. Fab. 

Paraborus, Z«^r. .P. alternans, Cuv. 

Cychrus, Latr. . . C. rostratus, Fab. 

Scaphinotus, ia^.Cychrus elevatus. Fab. 

Sphaeroderus,C?/f. 
, Tefflus, Leach . . Carabus Megerlei, Fab. 

Procerus, il/go-.. . Carabus scabrosus,Fab. 
. Procrustes, Bon , . Carabus coriaceus.Fab. 



CLASS IV. 



-INSECTA. 



Ixxv 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section I. — Pentameka {continued). 



Family. Tribe. Section. 



Genus, 









Carabus, 
L.... 



ZJ 



Siibgenus. Example of Species. 

'84. Carabus, Liyi. . . .C. auratus, Lin. 

85. Calosoma,?re6. j^\'^^"^ sycophanta, 

t Lin. 

86. Pogonophorus, f Carabus spinibarbis, 
Lat \ Fab. 

87. Nebria, Latr. „ . . N. arenaria, Latr. 

88. Alphffius, Bo7i. . . C. Helwigii, Pan. 

89. Omopliron, Latr. 

90. Elaphrus, jFrti.. .Carabus borealis, Fab. 
9L Notiophilus, \ Cicindela aquatica, 



Dumer. 



Lin. 



in ' 



Wl 



Dytis- 
cus, 
Geoff. 



92. Eembidion, 1 ri; ; j i a • t • 
' > Cicindela flavipes, Lin. 

^93. Trechus, Clairv,,T. rubens, Clairv. 

L Dytiscus, Cicv. ..D. latissimus, Lin. 

2. Colymbetes,C/az>.Dytiscus fuscus, Panz. 

„ TT I,- 7- i ? Hydrachna Hermanni, 

3. Hygrobia, Lat. < •'p^j^^ 

4. Hydroporus,C/air. Hydrachna gibba, Fab. 



5. Noterus, Clairv. 



^ Dytiscus crassicornis, 









^ \ ;= 



i Fab. 
^ 6. Haliplus, Latr. . . Dytiscus fulvus, Fab. 

II. GyrinuS, L Gyrinus natator, Lin. 

^ 1. Oxyporus, Fab. „ . Staphylinus rufus, Lin. 

2. Astrapaeus, Grae;.. Staphylinus ulmi, Oliv. 

3. Staphylinus, Fab.S. dilatatus. Fab. 

4. Pinophilus, Grav.l?. latipes, Grav. 

5. Lathrobium,Grai'.L. elongatum, Panz. 

6. P^derus, Fab. \ 8%?^}'"""^ riparius, 
( Panz. 

7. Stilicus, Latr. 

8. Evsesthetus,Gra«;.E. scaber, Grav. 

2-gutta- 



I. Sta- 



rt 



phylinus, i ^q oxytelus, 
Lin. . . ' IL Osorius, . 



9. Stenus, Za;r..|S'f^'y"""^ 
(. tus, Lin. 



Dal- 



Grav. 
Leach 

12. Zyrophorus, ^ Z 
Balm. » 

13. Prognatha, 

Latr 

14. Coprophilus, 

Lat 

15. Omalium, Grav. 

16. Lesteva, Latr. 

,_ .. , i Omalium poicatum 

VI 7- Micropeplus .. | gy,,_ 

k 2 



fronticornis, 
^ man. 

S Siagonumquadricorne, 
\ Kir. cV Sp. 
S Gmalium rugosum, 
I Grav. 



Ixxvi 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. Section. Genus. 



Stapliyli-^ 
nus, Lin. 




Subgenus. Example of Species. 

\„ T, ^ T ^ S Omalium ovatum, 

18. FvoteiTius, Lat. I ^ 

I Cirav. 

19. Aleochara, S Staphylinus canalicu- 
Grav. c latus, Fab. 

20. Lomechusa, 5 Aleochara bipunctata, 
Grav ........ \ Grav. 

21. Tachinus, J Oxyporus subterra- 
Grav I neus, Fab. 

,22. Tachypoius,Crrai'.Oxyporusrufipes, Fab. 



Family. Section. Tribe. Genus. 



Bupres- 




{ 



Elater, 
Lin. , 



Cebrio, 
Oliv , 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Bi'.prestis, ii«. . .B. fasciculata, Lin. 

2. Aphanisticus, f Buprestis emarginata, 
Lat. t Fab. 

.3. Melasis, Oliv . . . . M. buprestoides, Oliv. 

1. Galba, Latr. • • • • Melasis tuberculata ? 

2. Eucnemis, ^r7^. .E. capucinus, Mann. 

3. Adelocera, Zai. .Elater ovalis, Germ. 

4. Lissomus, Dalm. .L. punctulatus, Dalm. 

5. Chelonarium, Fa&. 

^ m, r t S Elater domestoides, 

b. Throscus, Latr. -! t • 
' I Lin. 

7. Cerophytum, Lat. 

8. Cryptostoma, Z)c_;.E later denticornis, Fab. 

9. Nematodes, \ Eunemis filum, Man- 

Lat. ....... .\ ner. 

10. Hemirhipus, J Elater fiabellicornis, 
Lat \ Fab. 

11. Ctenicera, Lat. ^^"^^^^ pectenicornis, 

12. Elater, Cuv- »•••£. noctilucus, Lin. 

13. Campylus, F^wc. Elater linearis, Lin. 

14. Phyllocerus, Cuv. 

1. Physodactylus, | p_ Hemiingii, Hen. 

Fris. S 

2. Cebrio, Oliv C. gigas, Fab. 

3. Anelastes, Kirb. .A. Drurii, Kirb. 

4. Callirhipis, Z«f . . C, Dejeanii, Cuv. 

5. Sandalus, Knock.. S. petrophya, Knog. 

6. Rhipicera, Lat. . . R. marginata, Latr. 

7. Ptilodactyla,//Z?'g.F. elaterina, Illig. 

8. Dascillus, Lat. -'Atopa cervina, Fab. 



9. Elodes, Lat. 

10. Scyrtes, Lat. , 

11. Nycteus, Lat. 

I 12. Eubria, Zeig, 



3 Eucinetus liemorrhoi- 
l dalis, Germ. 
^ Cyphon palustris, 
( Germ. 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



Ixxvii 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera (continued). 



Family. Section. Tribe, Genus. 
( 



PS 

o 
o 

s 

ei 



•^ 






Lampy- / 



Melyris, 
Fab. . . 






Clerus, 
Geoff. 



\ 



Ph 




Ptinus, 
Lm, . 



Lymexy- 
lon, Fa 6. 



Masti- 

Hister, 
Lhi. . . 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Lycus, Fab L. latissimus, Fab. 

2. Dictyoptera, < Lampyvis sangiiinea, 

Lat I Lin. 

3. Omalisus, Geojf . . O. suturalis, Fab. 

4. Phengodes, Hoff. 

5. Lampyris, Cuv. , . L. noctiluca, Lin. 
G. Drilus, Oliv D. ater, Dej. 

7. Telephorus, Sch. .Cantharis fusca, Lin. 

8. Silis, Meg S. rubricollis, Tous. 

9. Malthinus, ^ Telephorus biguttatus, 
Lat t Oliv. 

L Melachius, F«6. .Cantharis Eenea, Lin. 

2. Dasytes, Paijk...'D. coeruleus, Fab. 

3. Zygia, Fab Z. oblonga, Fab. 

4. Melyris, Fab .... M. viridis, Fab. 

5. Pelocophorus,C!<y. 

6. Diglobicerus, Cuv. 

/, ^ ,.j 7- J (Trichodes cyaneus, 
L Cyhdrus, Latr. -l ^^^^ ^ 

2. Tillus, Oliv T. elongatus, Oliv. 

3. Priocera, Kirb. . . P. variegata, Kirb. 

4. Axina, Kirb A. analis, Kirb. 

5. Eurypus, /Cirfi. . E. rubens, Kirb. 

6. Thanasimus, \ Attellabus formicarius, 
Lat J Lin. 

7. Opilo, Lat Attelabus mollis, Lin. 

8. Clerus, Geoff. . . . Attelabus apiarius, Lin. 

9. Necrobia, Latr . . N. violacea, Oliv. 

10. Enoplium, f Tillus serraticornis, 

Latr \ Oliv. 

L Ptinus, Lin P. fur, Lin. 

2. Gibbium, Scop. . . Ptinas scotias, Fab. 

3. Ptilinus, Geoff. . , P. pectinicornis, Fab. 

4. Xyletinus, Latr. .Ptilinus pallens, Germ. 

5. Dorcatoma,//erJ«.D. Dresdensis, Herbst. 

6. Anobium, i^a&. . . A. tesselatum. Fab. 

1. Atractocerus . . .Necydalisbrevicornis,L. 

2. Hylecsetus, Zair.Meloe Marci, Lin. 

3. Lymexylon, Fa?;.L. flavipes. Fab. 

4. Cupes, Fab C. capitata, Fab. 

5. Rhysodes, Zair..R. exaratus, Dalm. 

1 . Mastigus, Hoff. . . M. palpalis, Latr. 

2. Scydmsenus, Lat.S. Helwigii, Latr. 



Hololepta, Payk.. 

Hister, Cuv. • • • • H. unicolor, Lin. 



Ixxviii 



DIV. III. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER I. — ^CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera {continued). 



Family. Section. Tribe. Genus. 

c/2 ^ J Silpha, 



> 



I { 

a 









Scaphi- 
dium, 

Cuv . 



Nitidula, 
Cuv.,.\ 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Spliaerites, Bufst. .Wister glabratus, Fab. 

2. NecrophoruSji^ai.Silpha vespillo, Lin. 

3. Necrodes, Wilk. .Silpha littoralis, Fab. 

4. Silpha, Lin S. thoracica, Lin. 

5. Agyrtes, F?'oc/j. .A. castaneus, Gyll. 



L Scaphidium, 01. 

2. Choleva,Za<r..-f^^;?P^ blapoides, 
(_ Germ. 



1. Colobicus, Latr. 

2. Thymalus, Latr..T. limbatus, Cuv. 

3. Ips, Fab. 

4. Nitidula, Fab. . , N. anea, Fab. 

5. Cercus, Latr. 



I" 



> 



> 






< 



Dacne, 

Cuv. 



Dermes- 
tes, 
Cuv . 



j Byrrlius, 
( Lin. . . 



6. Byturus, Lat. 

1. Dacne, Latr. 

2. Cryptophagus, 
Ilerbst 



• C. silaceus, Gyll. 



1. Aspidiphorus 



{ 



("Nitidula orbiculata, 
•• \ Gyllenh. 

2. Dermestes, Lin. .D. lardarius, Lin. 

3. Megotoma,fffr&s.Dermestes pellio, Lin. 

4. Limnichus, i?it'iJ'..Byrrhus sericeus, Duft. 

5. Attagcnus, Zail. . Dermestes serra, Fab. 

6. Trogoderma, ) Anthrenus elongatus, 
Lat j Fab. 

7. Anthrenus, Gfo^.Byrrhus verbasci 

8. Globicornis, ^ INIegatoma rufitarsis, 
Lat I Lat. 

1. Nosodendron,Zfl^. 

2. Byrrhus, Lin. . . B. pilula, Lin. 

3. Trinodes, Meg... Anthrenus hirtus, Fab. 



V 



1= 



Heterocerus, Bosc H. marginatus, Fab. 



(1. Potamophilus, fParnus acuminatus, 
Ger \ Fab. 
„ ^ „,. (■ Dermestes auritus, 

2. Drops, Ohv. . . I (.^^g._ 

UliV . . . . \ 3. Elmis, Latr. 

j 4. INIacronychus, ( M. quadrituberculatus, 

Miill. t Miill. 

( 5. Georissus, iL«<;-. .Pimelia pygoiKa, Fab, 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



Ixxix 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. Genus. Section. 



/ 






:a 









Ph 



Q-i o 









V 



/ 






^ 






I. Copro- 
phagi . . 



II. Are- 
nicoli . 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Elephorus, Fab. . E. elongatiis, Fab. 

2. Hydrochus, f Elephorus elongatus, 

Ger \ Fab. 

3. Ochthebius, ^ Elephorus pygmaeus, 
Lea. ^ Fab. 

4. Hydrsena, ^ Elephorus minimus, 

Kuleg ;^ Fab. 

5. Spercheus, Fab . . S. emarginatus, Fab. 

6. Globaria, Cuv. . . G. Leachii, Cuv. 

7. Hydrophilus, | ^ j^^^^^^ p^^,_ 

Oreo/. ......) 

8. Limnebius, ^ Hydrophilus griseus, 
Lea \ Fab. 

9. Hydrobius, Cuv. .H. scarabaeoides, Cuv. 

,„ T> y^ S Hydrobius luridus, 

10. Berosus, Cuv,. •) p u 



^ Dermestes scarabaeoi- 
ij des, Lin, 



15. 



Ateuchus, TFeb. .A. sacer, Oliv. 
Gymnopleurus, "4 Ateuchus sinuatus, 

Illig j Fab. 

Sisyphus, f Atevichus SclisefFeri, 

Latr \ Fab. 

Circellium, i«^r..AteuchusBacchus,Fab. 

Coprobius, ia^. .Ateuchus volvens, Fab. 

Eurysternus, Cuv. 

Oniticellus, Zieg.. 

Onthophagus.Za^.S. taurus, Lin. 

Onitis, Fab. 

Phanaeus, Mc L. 

Copris, Geoff. . . . Scarabaeus lunaris, Lin. 

Aphodius, Illig. .S. fimetarius, Lin. 

Psammodius, Gyl. 

TT^ ■ ^. r t ( Psammodius arenarius, 
MgidMVi, Lat . . ■{ p 11 

nu- nr T fSinodendron digitatur, 

Chiron, Mc L. < „ ° ' 

Lethrus, Scop. . . L. cephalotes, Fab. 

Geotrupes S. typhasus, Lin. 

Ochodaeus, fMelolontha chrysome- 

Meg t lina, Fab. 

Athyreus, BIc L. 

Elephastomus, f Scarabaeus probosci- 
Mc L \ dens, Schr. 



Ixxx 



DIV. III. 



-ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera (continued). 



Family. 

y 



< 



Genus. Section. 

11. Are- 
nicoli 
(cont.). 



\ 



Tribe. Geims. , Section. Subge7ius. Example of Species. 

21. Bolboceras, Kirb.S. mobilicornis, Fab. 

22. Hybosorus, iT/c i.Geotrupes orator, Fab. 

23. Acanthocerus, f A. seneus, Lefebrere de 
Mc L ( Cerisy 

24. Trox, Fab. & Oliv.Trox horridus, Fab. 
/25. Orycies, Illig. . . S. nasicornis, Lin. 

26. Agacephala, ) ^ j^ ^^^^ 
Mann J 

27. Scarabeeus, -FaS. . S. Hercules, Lin. 

28. Phileurus, Lat. . , G. dydimus, Fab. 

29. Hexodon, Oliv. 

30. Cyclocephala, / Melolontha geminata, 

III. Xy-/ -^-'^ t Fab. 

1 1 -T ( 31. Chrvsophora, f Melolontha chrysoch- 
lophlll..\ Del. :......{ lora,Lat. 

o.T Ti . 1 7- ^ fG. pelidnota, Cuv. 

32. Rutela, Lat. . . < J^ ht li j 
( Lncyc. Method. 

33. Macraspis, Mc L. 

34. Chasmodia, Mc L. 
.,_ _ . ^ f Rutela cetonioides, 

35. Ometis, Lat.. . | ^^^^^^^ J^J^^J^^^^ 

V _ _ , ^ . fGeotrupes excavatus, 

/36. Pachypus, Dej. | p^^/ 

37. Amblyteres, ) 
Mac L. j 

38. Anoplogna- 1 
thus, Le. ) 

39. Leucothyreus, f Melolontha sulcicollis, 
Mac L \ Mac L. 

40. Apogonia, X/rS . . A. gemellata, Kirb. 

41. Geniates, fGeniates barbatus, 
Kirb t Kirb. 

42. Melolontha, Fa&.Scarabaeus fullo, Lin. 

43. Rhisotrogus, S Melolontha solstitialis, 

1-/ Lat I Fab. 

.[ { 44. Ceraspis, LepeL.C pruinosa, Lepel. 

' \ 45. Arcodes, Leach 

46. Dasyus, Lep. & ,5'. 

47. Serica, Mac Z.. .M. brunnea. Fab. 

48. Diphucephala, f M.colaspidoides.Schse. 
Dej \ 

49. Microdactylus, / ^j_ subspinosa, Fab. 
Lat \ 

50. Plectris,ie?. &\ 

Ser > 

,, „ .,. r 7 fTrichius 2-punctatus, 
51 Popuia, Leach < p , 

V^ I 52. Euchlora, Mac L.M. viridis, Fab. 

12 









IV.Phy] 

lophagi 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



Ixxxi 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section I. — Pentamera {continued). 



Family. Tribe. 

( 



s 

<; 
^ 



> 



■^ 



Genus. Section. 

r 

IV.Phyl- 

lophagi 
{cont^ 



V. An- 
thobii. 



^ 






VI. Me- 

litophili 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

r53. Anisoplia, Me^. .M. horticola, Fab. 
I 54. Lepisia,iyejB.&»S'er. 
c 55. Dicrania, Lep &S. 

56. Hoplia, Illig H. formosa, Illig. 

I57. Monocheles, 7Z%. 
^"58. Glaphyrus, Lat. 

59. Amphicoma, Lat. 

60. Anthipna, (Amphicoma abdomi- 

Esch \ nalis, Lat. 

6L Chasmopterus, \ 
Dej j 

62. Chasme, Lep. &S. 

63. Dicheles.Ze^.&^y. 

64. Lepitrix,Ze^.&;S'. 

65. Pachycnemus, \ 
Lep. & S. I 

^66. Anisonyx, Lat. 

67. Trichius, Fab. . . Scarabseus nobilis, Lin. 

68. Platygenia, f Trichius barbatus, 

Mac L \ Schaen. 

69. Cremastochei- f Cetoiiia elongata, 
lus, K71. • • . . t Oliv, ? 

70. Goliath, Lam. 

n. Cetonia,Fa6..-f^'^f.^^^"' ^"'■^^"'' 
(. Lin. 

1. Sinodendron, f Scarabseus cylindricus, 

Fab t Lin. 

2. jEsalus, Fab. , . . JE. scarabaeoi'des, Fab. 

3. Lamprima, Lat . . Lethrus seneus, Fab. 

4. Ryssonotus, \ Lucanus nebulosus, 

Mac L j" Kirb. 

5. Pholidotus, f Lamprima Humboldti, 

Mac L t Schae. 

6. Lucanus, Lhi. . . L. cervus, Lin. 

7. Platycerus, j Lucanus parallelipe- 

Lat \ dus. Fab. 

8. Syndesus, Mac ( Synodendron cornu- 
L \ turn, Fab. 






V^ 



. Paxillus, Mac L. 



Ixxxii 



DIV. III. — ARTirULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued)^ 
Section II. — Heteromera. 



Family. Tribe. 



Genus. 



/ 



r 



« / 






Pimelia, 
Fab.. 



P3 



' 



Blaps, Cuv, 



1 



Tenebrio, 
Cuv. . . 



G. 
7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 

13. 
11. 
15. 
16. 

VI 7 
/^ 1. 

2. 

3. 

4. 
5. 
6. 



10, 
11, 

12. 
V13, 
/ 1 



Subgenus. Example of Sj^ecies 

Pimelia, Cuv.. ..P. 2-punctata. 

Erodius, Latr. . . E. bilineatus, Oliv. 

Zopliosis, Lafr. 

Nyctelia, Latr.. . Zophosisnodosa,Germ. 

,, , T- ^ f Pimelia silphoides ? 
Hegeter, Latr. | ^^^.^^^ ^ 

Tentyriu, Latr. . . Akis glabra, Fab. 

Akis, Fab A. coUaris, Fab. 

Elenophoius, ) 

Meg. & Dej. . . | 
E ury cli ora, Thu7i b. 

Adelostoma, Dup.A. sulcatum. Dup. 
Tagenia, Lat. 
Psammetichus, 1 

Lat j 

Scaurus, Fab. 

Scotobius, Germ. 

Sepidium, Fab...S. tricuspidatum, Fab. 

Trachynotus, f Sepidium reticulatum, 

Lat ...\ Fab. 

, Moluiis, Lat. . . . Pimelia striata, Fab, 

Oxura, Kirb O. setosa, Kirb. 

Acanthomera, \ pj^^g,;^ dentipes, Fab. 

Lat ) 

Misolampus, Zai!.Pimelia gibbula,Herbs. 

Blaps, Fab B. mortisaga, Oliv. 

Gonopus, Lat. . . Blaps-tibialis, Fab. 
Heteroscelis, fPlatynotus reticulatus, 

Lat t Oliv. 

,, , , ^, , fPlatynotus serratus, 
Machla, Herbs. < p^, 

Scotinus, Kirb... 8. crenicoUis, Kirb. 
Asida,Z«^. ..jPla^tynotuslavigatus, 

Pedinus, Latr. . . Blaps clathrata, Fab. 
Isocerus, Meg. ) 

& Dej ) 

Blaptinus, Dej. . . Blaps tibidens, Schce. 
Platyscelis, Lat. . 

Crypticus, Lat. . . Pedinus glaber, Lat. 
Opatrum, Fab. . . Silpha sabulosa, Lin. 
„ . ^ . S Sarrotrium seltis, 
Covticus, Dej.. ^^ Germ. 

Orthocerus, Z«?^..Hispa mutica, Lin. 
Chiroscelis, Lam..G. bifinestra. Lam. 
Toxicum, Lat. . . T. richesianum, Lat. 
Boros, Herbs. . . B. corticalis, Gyll. 

Calcar, Dej Trogosita calcar. Fab. 

Upis, Fab U. ceramboides, Fab. 

Tenebrio, Lin. . . T. molitor, Lin. 
Heterotarsus, Lat. 



CLASS IV, INSECTA. 



Ixxxiii 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section II. — Heteromera {continued). 



Family. Tribe. 






K 



o 






Getius. 



Diaperis, 

Cuv. . . 



I— I Pi 
I— I >J 



Cossvphus, 
Oliv 



Helops,Fa&. 



Cistela, Fab. 



Dircaea,F(«&. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Phaleria, Z«;. . . P. fiircifera, Dalm. 

2. Diaperis, Geq^. .Chiysomelaboleti,Liii. 

3. Hypophlceus,i^a6.H. castaneus, Fab. 

4. Trachyscelis, Led. 

. T • 1 r ^ i Anisostoma humerale, 

5. Leiodes, Lat.. { r^ ^ 

I Oyl. 

6. Tetratoma, fleri. 

7. Eledona, Xa^ . . 

1. Cossyplius, Oliv. 

2. Helceus, Latr. . . H. Brownii, Kirb. 

r, ,^.,. r J fjEsithus marrrinatus, 

0. jNilio, Lfl^r. • • "i p V, 

1. Epitragus, Latr. 

2. Cnodalon, Za^r. 

3. Campsia, Ze;). I ^ ^j^y l^ . Sg,._ 

& ^e/- J ' ^ ^ 

4. Splieniscus, Kirb.S. evotyloides, Kirb. 

5. Acanthopus, \ ^ j dentines, Panz. 
ilfeg-. & Dej..f ^ ^ ' 

G. Amarygmus, 1 jjgjo ^ter, Fab. 
Z)ate / 

7. Sphcerotus, /iCzVi. S. curvipes, Kirb. 

8. Adelium, Kirb. . . A. calosomoides, Kirb. 

9. Helops, Fab H. coeruleus, Fab. 

10. Lcena, Meg., Dej..h. pimelia, Dej. 

11. Stenotrachelus, 1 Dryops aenea, Payk. 

Ciw / 

12. Strongylium,A'2V&.S. Chalconatum, Kirb. 

13. Pytho, Lat. 

1. Lystronichus,Z«6. Helops equestris. Fab. 

( Chrvsomela ceramboi- 

2. Cistela, Fab. . . | ^^^3^ Li„. 

.3. Mycetochares, \ Helops barbatus, Lat. 

Lat / 

4. Allecula, Fab. ..A. Contracta, Ger. 

1. Orchesia, Latr. . . 

2. Eustrophus, \ Mycetophagus derme- 
Ilig J stoides. Fab. 

3. Ha!lonienus,Pai/ft. 

4. Dircaea, Fab. 

5. Melandrya, Fab..U. ruficollis, Gyll. 

C. Hypulus,Prtyi. . .Dirca;a bifasciata, Gyl. 

7. Serropalpus, ^ 
Ih'ltw V 

8. C'onopalpus, Oi/ll. 



/ 2 



Ixxxiv 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section II — Heteromera (coyitinued). 



Family. Tribe. 



^ s 



/^ , 




<u 


, 


r2 


cc 


QJ 


d) 


o 


■^ \ 


, 


a> 


> 

1— ( 


s 



w 

Q 

M 
W 

u 

< 
Eh 






Genus. 

Oedemera, 
Oliv. . . . 



Mycterus, 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Nothus, Ziegl. , . 

2. Calopus, ii'aft. . .C. serraticornis, Fab. 

3. Sparedrus,7J%. {^''I-Xoe ^'''''''"'' 

4. Dytilus, Fisch. . . D. helopioides, Fis. 

5. Oedemera, Oliv,. 

1. Stenostoma, £rt<..Oedemerarostrata, Lat. 



"^ <. 2. Mycterus, Clairv 



^^ 



I 









Lagria, Cmv. 



Pyrochroa, 



3. Rhinosimus, Lat. 



1. Lagria, Fa& 

2. Statyra, C2it;. . . 

3. HemipepluSjCwz;.? 



g 1 Geoff.,., y 



f.. 



Dendroides, Lat.D. thoracicus, Fisc. 
Pyrochroa, Cuv. . 



o 2 
( ^1 



I— ( t5 



J Mordella, 
Cuv. . . 



1. Ripiphorus, Bosc, 

2. Myodites, Latr. . . 

3. Pelocotoma, Fisc. 

4. Mordella, Lin. . , M. aculeata, Lin. 

5. Anaspis, Geoff. . . A. frontalis, Fisch. 



^ J j Notoxus, 
^« '3 ^ Cuv. . . 



M ^ s Horia, Cuv. 



1. Scraptia, Latr. , 
J 2. Steropes, Stev. . 
I 3. Notoxus, Geoff. . 

I 1. Horia, Fab. ... 
1 2. Cissites, Cuv. . . , 



. S. caspius, Stev. 

. Meloe monoceros, Lin, 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



Ixxxv 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section II. — Heteromera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 



Genus 



P4 
P 

W 

W 
< 
H 






CJ 



V 



/ Meloe, Lin. ( 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

\. Cerocoma, Geoff.. Me\oi SchoefFeri, Lin, 

2. Hycleus, Latr. | Myjabris impunctata, 

3. Mylabris, Fab. . . M. Chicorii, Lin. 

4. Oenas, Lat 

5. Meloe, Lin M. proscarabaeus, Lin. 

^ m . r , fApalus quadrimacula- 

o. Tetraonyx,i/a^. K 1 t^\ 
■' ' ( tus, l-ab. 

7. Cantharis, Geq^. .Meloe vesicatorius, Lin. 

8. Zonitis, Fab 

9. Nemognathus, 1 Zonitis chrysomelina, 
Lat j" Fab. 

10. Gnathium, Kirb. .G. Francilloni, Kirb. 
f Apalus bimaculatus, 
t Fab. 



^IL Sitaris, Latr.. 



Section III. — Tetramera. 



Family. 



< 
o 

a 

Ph 

o 

W 

W 



/ 



Genus. 



Bruchus, Lin, 



Attelabus, Lin. . 



Brentus, Fah 

Brachycerus, Cuv. 

Curculio, Cuv . . . . 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



\. Anthribus.Geo/. {^'d'eTpTb' ''^'"™'" 



2. Bruchus, Fab. 

3. Rhaebus, Fisch. 



, B. pisi, Lin. 
,R. Gebleri, Fis. 



4. Xylophilus,5or.. | Anthicus populneus 



I Gyl. 
Apoderus, Cuv. J ^^^^'^1%' ^^''^'"'' 



2. Attelabus, Cuv. 

3. Rhynchites, C?w. 

4. Apion, Cav. 

5. Rhinotia, Kirb. 

6. Eurhinus 

7- Tubicenus,Z)e/. 

1. Brentus, Cuv, . . 

2. Ulocerus, Sch. 

3. Cylas, Lat. 



B. Halica? Cuv. 



1. Cyclomus, Cuv. 

2. Curculio, Cuv. ..C. imperialis, Fab. 

3. Leptosomus, \ Curculio acuminatus, 

Sch. , J Fab. 

4. Olhiorhyncus, 1 

Cuv I 



Lxxxvi 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section III. — Tetramera {continued). 



Family. 



- ( 

a \ 






Curculio, Ciiv. 
{cont.) . . . 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of S'pecies. 

( 5. Omias, Cuv 

6. Pachyrhyncus, ) 
Cuv j" 

7- Psalidium, Cuv. . . 

8. Thylacites, Cm?;. . 
/ 9. Syzygops, Cuv. . , 
» 10. Hyphantus, Cuv.. 

11. Myniops, (Sc/ioj. . . 

12. Liparus 

13. Hypera, Gerwi. .. Curculio tamarisci, Fab. 

14. Hylobius, Cuv. . . 
\ 15. Cleonus, Cuv. . . 

Lixus, Fab L. paraplecticus, Cuv. 

< 1. Tamnophilus,C«y, 

2. Bagous, Cuv 

3. Brachypus, Cuv. . 

4. Bal3ninus,C«y.|Ry"ch=*^""s ""cum, 
I Fab. 

5. Rynchaenus, Cuv. 

6. Sybines, Cuv, . . . 

7. Myorhinus, Schce. 

8. Clonus, Clairv. . . 

9. Orchestes, Illig.. 
10. Ramphus, C/«z>. . 

. 11. Amerhinus, Cuv.. 

Rhynchaenus, Fa6. ( 12. Baddius, O/y. .. 
\ 13. Camptorhyia- 1 
chus, Cuv / 

14. Ceiitrinus, Cuv. . , 

15. Zygops 

16. Ceutoihynchus, 1 
Cuv } 

17. Hydaticus, Cm«. . 

18. Orobitls, Cuv. . . 

19. Cryptorynchus, \ 
Cuv / 

^ 20. Tylode, Cuv. . . ^ ^^ief'oT ^''"°'" 

1. Anchonus, Sclioe.. 

2. Orthocbsetes, Ger. 

3. Rhina, Lat R. barbiroitris, Lat. 

Calandra, CllV. ..74. Calandra, Cuv. ^^""'■'^"^'^ gianarius, 



5. Cossonus, 

Clairv. . 

6. Dryopthorus, 

Schoe, 



Lin. 



us, "I 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



Ixxxvii 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section III. — Tetramera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 



Genus. 



Subgenus. 



/ 



Example of Species. 



Scolytus, 
Geoff. . . . 



Paussus, 
Lin. . . 



X! 



■ 









>A 



Bostrichus, 
Cuv 



Monotoma, 
Cuv 



LyctuSjCwv. 



Mycetopha- 
gus, Fah. 



Trogosita, 
Oliv. . . , 



Cucujus, 
Fah. . . 



1. Hylurgus, Lat. , . 

2. Hylesinus, Fa6. . 

3. Scolytus, Geoff, . . 

4. Camptocerus, ? Hylesinus^neipennis, 

Dej S Fab. 

5. Ploiotribus, Lat. . 

6. Tomicus, Lat. . . 

7. Platybus, //er65. .P. Flavicornis ? Fab. 

1. Paussus, Cuv. ... P. bucephalus, Sch. 

2. Cerapterus, Swed. 

1. Bostrichus, ^ Dermestes capucinus, 

Geoff. S Lin. 

2. Pso;i, Fab 

3. Cis, Lat. ...... 

4. Nemosoma, Desm. 

1. Synchita, /ZeZw. . Cerylon terebrans, Lat. 

2. Cerylon, Lat. . . C. histeroides, Lat. 

3. Rhyzophagus, 7 

Herb J 

4. Monotoma, i/er&s.Cerylon picipes, Gyl. 
L Lyctus, Fab 

2. Diodesma, Meg. .D. subterranea, Dej. 

3. Bitoma, Herbs. , , ~ 

1. Colydium, Fab. 

2. Mycetophagus, 1 
Fab. i 

3. Triphyllus, Meg. 

4. Meryx, Lat. 

5. Dasycerus, Browg'. 

6. Latridius, Herbs. 

7. Silvanus, Lat. 
Trogosita, Fab. { TenebrioMauritanicus, 

2. Prostomh, Lat. \'^'°P%'^, mandibula- 

' (. ris, Fab. 

3. Passandra, Dalm. 

\. Cucujus, Cuv. ..C. clavipes, Oliv. 

2. Dendrophagus, ) 

Gyl. \ 

3. Uleoiota, Latr. . . U. flavipes, Duf. 



L 



> a 



J-. I I. Parandra, Lat. 

__ _, , 1. n 7 f Attelabus buprestoi- 

^ ^ II. Spondylis, Fah { ^^^^^ Lin. 

III. Prionus, Geoff. P. cervicomis, Cuv. 



Ixxxviii 



DIV. in. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section III. — Tetramera {continued). 



Family. 



Tribe. 



Genus. 






o 



I 



r 



Cerambyx, 
Cuv 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Lissonotus, Dalm. 

2. Megaderus, Dej. .Callidium stigma, Fab. 

3. Dorcacerus, "I Cerambyx barbatus, 
Dej J Oliv. 

4. Trachyderes, Dal. 

5. Lophonocerus, ) Cerambyx barbicornis, 
Lat / Oliv, 

C. Ctenodes, O^w. , . Etonote zonota, Kliig. 
7. Plijnicocerus, | p. Dejeanii, Cuv. 

) Cerambyx moschatus, 
S Lin. 

\ Cerambyx Kcehleri, 
S Fab. 



8. Callichroma, 

Lat 

9. Acanthoptera, 

Lat 



10. Cerambyx, Ziw.. .C. heros, Fab. 

11. Callidium, Cuv...C. sanguineus, L. 

12. Certalium, Meg. .C. ruficolle, Fab. 
Vl3. Clitus, Fab. 

Obrium 

■r>i • , 7-> 7 fStenopterus luridus, 

Khinotragus, Dalm | j^j.[ 

Necydalis, | 1. Stenopterus, Illig. 

J^jfl I 2. Necydalis, Cuv.. .Necydalis major, Lin. 

Distichocera, Kirb. 
Tmesisternus, Lat. 
Tragocerus, Dej. 
Leptocera, Dej. 

. . rn- f Cerambyx longimanus, 

Acrocmus, Iltig | lj^ ^ ^ 



1. Acanthocinus, 
Meg 

2. Tapeina, Lep. 

3. Pogonocberus 

Meg. . . 



L. oedilis, Fab. 



•.} 



Ckw. 



4. Tetraopes,C«..{<^^^7^^y^ maxillosus, 

5. Monochamus, \ 

Dahl. J 
G. Lamia, Fab L. cuvculionoides, Meg. 

7. Dorcadion 

8. Parmena, Meg. P. tristis, Meg. 
!). Saperda, Fab. . , 

10. Gnoma, Fab S. longicollis, Cuv. 

11. Adesmus, Dej. 

12. Apomecynas, Dej. 
V 13, Colobothea, Dej. 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



Ixxxix 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 
Section III. — Tetramera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 



> 



a 
o 
p- 



O 



Q 3 



r 



c3 



J3 



Genus. 



Leptura, 
Li7i. . . 



Sagra, Cuv. 



Crioceris, 
Geoff. . 



{Hispa, Lin. < 
Cassida, Lin. 



Cryptoce- 
phalus, 
Cuv. 



Chrysomela, 
Cuv 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

. Desmocerus, ^ Stenoconis cyaneus, 

Dej J Fab. 

. Vespems, i).i. jStenocorus strepens, 

. Rhagium, Z)a/(^. .R. bifasciatum, Fab. 

. Rhamnusiuni, ^ r>u : ^ ^• • ■ft 
, , ' y Rhagium salicis, Fab. 
Meg J 

. Toxotus, Meg. . . Leptura virginea, Fab. 

. Stenoderus, 1 Leptura ceramboides, 

Dej / Kirb. 

, Leptura, Dej . . . . L. armata, Gyll. 

Megalopus, Fab. . 
. Sagra, prop. Fab. 

Orsodacna, Lai. . . 
. PsammcEcus, \ Anthicus 2-punctatus, 

Bov / Fab. 

. Donacia, Fab. 

Haemonia, Meg. . Donacia equiseti, Fab. 

Petauristes, Lat. .Lema varia, Fab. 

Crioceris, prop. \ Chrysomela merdigera, 

Geoff j Lin. 

Anchenia, 1 Crioceris subspinosa, 

Thu7ib J Fab. 

Megascelis, Dej. .Lema vittata, Fab. 

Alurnus, Fab. . , L'hispe bordee, Cuv. 

Hispa, Lin H. atra, Lin. 

Chalepus, T/(m?«6. Hispa spinipes. Fab. 

Imatidium, Fab. .Cassida equestris, Fab. 

Cassida, prop. 

^, ., r if Chrysomela quadri- 
Clythra, Leach ■{ , , /■ 

•' ( punctata, Lm. 

Chi amy s. Knock. 

Lamprosoma. | ^ ^j^^j^,.^ j^;^^_ 

Ai7-b. S 

Cryptocepha- ) Chrysomela sericea, 

lus, Geof. .... J Lin. 

Choragus, Kirb. . C. Schoppardi, Kirb. 

Euryope, Dalm. . E. rubra, Lat. 

Eumolpus, ir«^. .E. vitis. Fab. 

Colapsis, Fab. 

„ J . 7-v , f Chrysomela 14-punc- 
Podontia,Z)a/;M. ■{ , \ t? \ 
' ( tata. Fab. 

Phyllocharis, \ Chrysomela cyanipes, 

Dalm j Fab. 

Doryphora, Ilig. 

Paropsis, Oliv. 

rr,. 1. Ttr \ Tenebrio la£vigatiis, 
Tnnarcha, Mes. { r • o - 

' '^ \ Lin. 

Chrysomela, Cuv.C. sanguinolenta, Lin 

f,, , ,, f Chrysomela raphani, 
Phccdon, Meg. | p^^,,,_ 

Prasocuris, Lat . , P. aucta, Cuv. 



xc 



DIV. IIT. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA (continued). 
Section III. — Tetramera (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 




Genus. 



Galeruca, 
Cuv. . . 



I 



Erotylus, 
Fah. . . 



r 



Subgenus. Example of Species, 

1. Adorium, Fab. 

2. Luperus, Geoff. 

3. Galereuca, \ Chrysomelacalmaiien- 
Geoff. J sis, Lin. 

4. Altica, Geoff. 

5. Octogonotes, \ 
Drop. } 

C. Oedionychis, Lat.X. marginella, Oliv. 

7. Psylliodes, Lat. 

8. Dibolia, Lat Altica Echii, Oliv. 

9. Altica, Za^ . / Chrysomela oleracea, 
\ Lin. 

V. 10, Longitarsus, Zai. Altica lurida, Oliv. 
L Erotylus, Fab. 

2. Triplax, Fab..{^''^^^ bipustulatum, 

3. Languria,Z«^ J Trogosita elongata, 

4. Phalacrus, Payh. 

5. Agathidiura, IlUg. 



Section IV. — Trimera. 



Family. 



ph e 



Ph < 

< 



M S 






Genus. 



Eumorphus, Cuv. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Eumorphus, JFeb. 

2. Dapsa, Zieg. . . \ ^"oi^"' ^irbyanus, 

3. Endomychus, ) 

Web. S 

4. Lycoperdina, Za<. 



Coccinella, Cuv 



( 1. Lit 

..J Tr 

I 2. Coc 



ithophilus, \ L, ruficollis, Dahl. 

Trohl J ' 

Coccinella, Lin. . . C. 7-punctata, Lin, 
Clypeaster, Andersche C. pusillus, Dej. 



\. Chennium, Zai. .C. bituberculatum, Lat. 
2. Dionix, Dej. 
Pselaphus, Herhst. \ 3. Pselaphus, Herbs.'?. Herbstii, Reich. 
4. Bithynus, 1 Pselaphus securiger, 

Leach .,,,.,) Leach. 



CLASS IV. INSECTA. 



XCl 



ORDER V. — CoLEOPTERA {continued). 



Section IV. — Trimera (continued). 



Family. 






Genus. 



Pselphus, Herbst. 
{cont.) 



{ 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

5. Areopagus, 1 Pselaphus glabricollis, 

Leach J Reich. 

6. Ctenistes, Reich. 

7. Bryaxis, Leach. 



( 1 . Claviger, Cuv. 
Claviger, Cuv . . . . < 2. Articerus, \ ^ ^^ 
(. Dalm J 



matus, Dalm. 



ORDER VI.— Orthoptera. 



Family, 



O 

CO 

Pi 



o 

H 

H 

< 
CO 



Genus. 

Forficula, Zm. 
Blatta, Lin. . , 



Suhseniis. 



Mantis, Lin 



Gryllus, Lin 

\ Locusta, Geoff. . 
Acrydiura, Geoff. 



1. Empnsa, lUger. 

2. Mantis, Cuv. 

3. Spectrum, Stoll. 

4. Phasma, Fah. . . 

5. Phyllium, //%... 

1. Gryllo-talpa, 1 

Lat / 

2. Tridactylus, Oliv. 

3. Gryllus, Ciw. . . . 

4. Myrmecophila, \ 

Char. J 



1. Pneumora,r/(!<n&, 

2. Proscopia, Kliig. 

3. Truxalis, Fa6. . . 

4. Tetrix, Lai. . . ■[ 



Example of Species. 

F. auricularia, Lin. 
B. orientalis, Lin. 
Mantis religiosa, Lin. 



P. rossia, Fab. 
Mantis siccifolia, Lin. 
Gryllus-gryllo-talpa, 

Lin. 
Xya variegata, Illig. 
G. campestris, Lin. 

Blata acervorum,Panz. 

L. viridissima, Fab. 
,P. sexguttata, Thunb. 

G. nasutus, Lin. 
Acrydium subulatuni, 
De Geer. 



XCII 



DIV. III. 



ARTICULATA. 



ORDER VII.— Hemiptera. 



Section I. — Heteroptera. 



Family. 



Genus. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 






PS 

a 



( 



Cimex, Lin, 



V 



Nepa, Lin, 



Notonecta, Lin. 



1. Scutellera, //a»j, . Cimex lineatus, Lin. 

2. Pentatoma, OUv. .Cimex ornatus, Lin. 

3. Tesseratoma, Pel.Edessa. papillosa, Fab. 

4. Vh\(Ea,Lep.SfSer. 

5. Coreus, Fab Cimex marginatus,Lin. 

6. Holhymenia, 1 Lygeeus biclavatus, 
Lep. Sj- Ser. . . J Fab. 

7. Pachylis, Lep. \ 

Sf Ser. ) 

8. Anisoscelis, ia^. .L. membranaceus,Fab. 

9. Alydus, Fab. 

10. Leptocorisa, Lat. . •• 

11. Neides, Lat. 

12. Lygaus, i^a6. .. Cimex equestris, Lin. 

13. Salda, Fab S. atra, Fab. 

14. Myodocha, Latr. 

15. Astemma, Cuv. . .Salda pallicornis, Fab. 

16. Miris, Fab. 

17. Capsus, Fab. 

18. Heterotoma, "i Capsus spissicornis, 
Lat J Fab, 

19. Acanthia, Fab. 

20. Syrtis, Fab S. manicata, Fab. 

21. Tingis, Fab T. pyri, Fab. 

22. Aradus, Fab. 

23. Cimex, Latr C. lecmlarius, Lin. 

24. Reduvius, Fab.. 

25. Holoptilus, Lep. "j 



^ Ser. 
Nabis, Lat. 
Zelus, Fab. 



i 



. Cimex personatus, Lin. 

f Gerris vagabundus, 

I Fab, 

• • Salda striata, Lat. 



28. Ploiaria, Scop. 

29. Leptopus, Lat, 

30. Hydrometra, Fab. 

31. Gerris, Lat. 
\ 32. Velia, Lat. 

1. Galgulus, Lat. Naucoris oculata, Fab. 

2. Naucoris, Geoff, , Nepa cimicoides, Lin. 

3. Belostoma, Lat. . Nepa grandis, Fab. 

4. Nepa 

5. Ranatra, iPa&. . .Nepa linearis, Lin, 

f I. Corixa, Geoff. ., Notonecta striata, Lin. 
\ 2. Notonecta, Geoff.,'N. glauca, Lin. 



CLASS IV. — INSECT A. 



XCIU 



ORDER VII. — Hemiptera (continued). 
Section II. — Homoptera. 



Family. Genus. 

Cicada, Oliv. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



rJ3 



< H 
l-H* S 



/ 



Fulgora, Z>m. 






Cicadella, Zm. 



.C. orni, Lin. 

Otiocerus, Xirfi. .0. Coquebertii 
Lystra, Fab. 
Cixius, Latr. 
Tettigonietra,CMi>. 
Paeciloptera, Lat. 
Issus, i^a&. 
Anotia, Kirb. 
Asiraca, Latr. 
Delphax, Fab. 
Derbe, Fab. 
Merabracis, Fa&..M. foliacis, Fab. 

Tragopa, Latr. {^'eerm''' ^^''^'''' 
Darnis, Fab. 

r> J- r J f Centrotus horridus, 
Bocydium, Lat. ■{ p u 

Centrotus, Fab. . . Cicada cornuta, Lin. 
jEtalion, Latr. 

Ledra, Lat Cicada aurita, Lin. 

Ciccus, Lat Cicada adspersa, Fab. 

Cercopis, Fab. . . C. sanguinolenta, Fab. 

Eulopa, Fall Cercopis Ericse, Arh. 

Eupelix, Gerw. . . Cicana cuspidata, Fab, 
Penthimia, Ger7n.Cica.da, atra, Germ. 
Jassus, Fab. 
Tettigonia, Oliv. .Cercopis grisea, Fab. 



Psylla, Geoff. 

Thrips, Lin. 
Aphis, Lin. . . 



Livia, Lat. 



I Cherraes buxi, Lin. 



{ 



J. Aphis, Cuv. A. quercus, Lin. 

2. Aleyrodes, Za^. .Tinea proletella, Lin. 



Coccus, Lin C. adonidum, Lin. 



XCIV 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER VIII.— Neuroptera. 



Family. 


Section. 


p w 






Genus. 



Siihsenus. 



Examjjle of Species. 



HH O 



J .-1 11 1 ( 1. Libellula, F«Z». . . L. depressa, Liu. 

l^lDeilUia, I 2. ^shna, Fab Libellula grandis, Lin. 

J-'i'^ \_ 3. Agrion, Fab Libellula virgo, Lin. 

Ephemera, Lin E, longicauda, Oliv. 



Ph 



J Panorpa. 
1 Lin 



Drpa, J 2. Bi 

in 1 3- Pa 

(. 4. Be 



Nemoptera, Lat. .N. lustitanica, Leach. 

ttacus, Lat. 
Panorpa, Lat. ..P. communis, Lin. 
Boreus, Lat Panorpa hiemalis, Lin, 



H 

& / 

;z; 

< 

Ph 



SOT 
ID 









Myrraeleon, 
Lin 



on, f 1. 
. . . . t 2. 



Myrmeleon, Fab.M. formicarium, Lin. 
Ascalaphus, Fab. 



> 



C 1. Hemerobius, Lat.H. perla, Lin. 

Hemerobius, J 2. Osmylus, Z«t 

J^ijl J 3. Nymphes, \ N. myrmeleonides, 

(_ Leach. ) Leach. 

^ I. Corydalis, Lat. 

Semblis, \ 2. Chauliodes, Lat. 

Cu^ 1 3. Sialis, i«<. . /Hemerobius lutarius, 

Mantispa, IlUg. 

Raphidia, Lin r. ophiopsis, Lin. 

Termes, Lin T. lucifugum, Ross. 

T, 7- , f Termes pulsatorium, 

Psocus, Lat < Ljj^ ^ 



V 






•r. T /-y ^ r 1 XT T . fPhryganea bicaudata, 

Perla, Geoff. \ 1. Nemoma, Lat. J. j^^j^ 



^ 



Phryganea, J ^ 
Lin \ 4 



Sericostoma, Lat. 

Phryganea, Cuv. .P. grandis, Roes. 

Mystacida. 

Hydroptila, Dal. . 

Psychomyie, Cuv. 



CLASS IV.— INSECTA. 



XCV 



ORDER IX.— Hymenoptera. 
Section I. — Terebrantia. 



Family. 



< 



Tribe. 






Genus. 



( 



C3 M 



i. 



'S 

o 

a 



V 



I— I g 



Tenthredo, 
Lin. . . . 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Cimbex, Oliv. .. Tenthredo lutea, Lin. 

2. Schyzocera, Lat. 

3. Hylotoma, Caw. .Tenthredo rosae, Lin. 

4. Tenthredo, Lat..T. scrophularise, Lin. 

5. Cladius, Kliig. 

6. Athalia, Leach. 

7. Pterygophorus, \ 
KUig. / 

8. Lophyrus, Lat. 

9. Megalodontes, \ 
Zaf. j 

10. Pamphilius. Za#. 

11. Xyela, Dalm. 

12. Cephus, Zai. 

\ 13. Xiphydria, Za<. 



Sirex 



, Lin. . . -j 



Foenus, Cuv . . ^ 



-n 



r^: 



1. Oryssus, Za^. . . 

2. Sirex, Zfn S. gigas, Lin. 



1. Evania, Fab. 

2. Pelecinus, Lat. 

3. Foenus, Fab. 

4. Aulacus, Jur. 

5. Paxylloma, Breb. 
Stephanus, Jur. . . Bracon serrator, Fab. 
Xorides, Lat. . . Pimpla mediator. Fab. 



Ichneumon, 
Lin. . . . . 



3. Pimpla, Fa&..|^^^""""?°'^ persuaso- 
^ ( nus, Lin. 

4. Cryptus, Fab. 

5. Ophion, Fab.. . . .Ichneumon luteus, Lin. 

6. Banchus, Fab. 

7. Helwigia, Cuv. 

8. Joppa, Fab. 

9. Ichneumon, Cuv. 

I 10. Alomya, Cuv. . . I. femoralis, Grav. 

A 11. Peltastes, Illig. {^' p^^b""""" "^'=^'°""'' 

12. Accenitus, Lat. 

13. Agathis, Lat. 

14. Bracon, Jur. 

15. Microgaster, Lat. 

16. Helcon, A'^^e* 

17. Sigalphus, Lat. 

18. Chelonus, Jur. 
V^19. Alysia, Zn^ 

12 



XCVl 



DIV. III. ARTTCULATA. 



ORDER IX. — Hymenoptera (continued). 
Section I. — Tekebrantia (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 



Genus. 



Ph 



. o 









.3 
O 

1^ 



o 



> 



Cynips, Lin, 



in, J ^- 

I'- 



Subgenus. 

Ibalia, Lat. 
Figites, Lat. 

Cynips, Lin, 



Example of Species. 



Chalcis,Fa6. / 



' Bethylus, 
Lat 



9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
V15. 

r 1. 
2. 

3. 
4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 



9. 

10. 

11. 

^12. 



■ Diplolepis gallae tinc- 
torise, Oliv. 

„, . -r , f Chalcis pectinicornis, 

Chirocera, Lat. < j j. ^ 

Chalcis, Cuv Vespa minuta, Lin. 

Leucospis, Fab. , L. doisigera. Fab. 

Eucharis, Lat. 

Thoracanta, Lat. 

Agaon, Dalm. 

Eurytoma, Illig. 

Misocampe, Lat. 

Perilampus, Lat. 

Pteromalus, Lat. 

Cleonymus, Lat. 

Eupelmus, Dal. 

Encyrtus, Lat. 

Spalangia, Lat. 

Eulophus, Geoff. 

Dryinus, Lat. 

Anteon, Jur. 

Bethylus, Lat. 

Proctotrupes, Lat. 

Helorus, Lat. 

Belyta, Jttr. 

Diapria, Lat. 

Ceraphron, Jw. 

Sparasion, Lat. 

Teleas, Lat. 

Scelion, Lat. 

Platygaster, Lat. 



Chrysis, Lin, 



{ 



1. Parnopes, Lat. 

2. Chrysis, Fab. . 

3. Cleptes, Lat. 



.P. cavnea, Cuv. 
. C. ignita, Lin, 



CLASS IV. INSECTA. 



XCVll 



ORDER IX. — Hymenoptera (continued). 
Section II. — Aculeata. 



Family. Genus. 

r 






Formica, Lin. 



Mutilla, L'ln. 



V 



Family. Genus. 



Section. 



/ 



Scolietes, Cuv, . . 



Sapigytes, Lat, . 



4 



Sphegides, Cuv. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Formica, Cuv. ..F. bispinosa, Lat, 
Polyergus, Lat.. . F. amazon. Hub. fils. 

Ponera, Lat F. contracta, Lat. 

Odontomachus, ) 
Lat. ) 

Myrmica, Lat. . . F. rufa, Lin. 
Eciton, Lat. 

Atta Atta cephalotes, Fab. 

Cryptocerus, Lat. 
Dorylus, Fab. 
Labidus, Jur. 

Mutilla, Cuv Mutilla Europcea, Lin, 

Myrmosa, Lat. 
Myrmecoda, Lat. 
Scleroderma, Kliig. 
Methoca, Lat. 



Subgenus. 

1. Tiphia, f«^<. 

2. Tengyra, Lat. 

3. Myrzine, Lat. 

4. Maria, Illig. 

5. Scolia, Fab. 



Exomjjle of Species, 



W 



Thynnus, Fab. 
Polochrum, Spin, 
Sapyga, Lat, 



1. Pepsis, Fab. 

2. Ceropales, Lat. 

3. Pompilus, Fa6. . 

4. Planiceps, Lat. 

5. Aporus, .Syjm. . . 

6. Amraophilus 

7. Pronceus, Lat. 

8. Sphex, Cuv. 

9. Chlorion, Lat. . 
10. Dolicburus, Lat. 
W. Ampulex, Jur. 
12. Podium, Lat. 

^ 13. Pelopaeus, La<.. .Sphex spirifex, Lin 



. Sphex viatica, Lin. 
.Sphex sabulosa, Lin 

. C. compressum, Fab. 



i 1. Bembex Apis rostrata, Lin. 

Bembicidcs, Fah , . } 2. Monedula, Lat. 

( 3. Stizus, Lat. . , ..Larravcspiformls, r.il 



XCVlll 



DIV. III. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER IX. — Hymenoptera (continued). 
Section II. — Aculeata {continued). 



Family. Genus. 



Section. 



o 



Larrates 



Nissonise 






CO 



Crabronites 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Palarus, Lat. 
Lyrops, Illig. 
Larra, Fah. 
Dinetus, Jur. 
Miscophus, Jur. 

Astata, Lair. 

Nysson, Lat. 

Oxybelus, Lat. 

Nitela, Lat. 

Pison, Spin. 

Trypoxylon, Zai.Sphex figulus, Lin. 

Gorytes, Lat, 

Crabro, Fah. 

Stigmus, Jtir. 

Pamphredon, Lat.F. unicolor, Cuv. ? 

Mellinus, Fab. 

Alyson, Jur. 

Psen, Lat. 

Philanthus, Fab. 

Cerceris, Lat. 



Family. 



Tribe. 



Genus. 



Suhsenus. 



o 

^ ( 

Q \ 



CO N 



>•§ 



Masaris, Fah. { i' fT'"-!' ^T 

' t 2. Celonites, La 



Vespa, Lin, 



Lat. 



1. Ceramius, Lat. 

2. Synagris, Lat. 

3. Eumenes, Lat. 

4. Pterochilus, 

Klilg 

5. Odynerus, Lat. 

6. Vespa, Lat. . . 



Example of Species. 



. .C, lusitanicus, Kliig 
■ • S. cornuta, Lat. 
. . E. coarctata, Fab. 

^ Vespa phaloerata, 

5 Germ. 

..Vespa muraria, Lin. 
. .Polistes morio, Fab. 



Family. Genu 



O 

a 



t^l 



Section. 

I. Andre- 

ncta? ■ , 



Subgenus. 

1. Hylaeus, Fah. 

2. Collates, Lat. . 

3. Andrena, Lat. . 

4. Dasypoda, Lat. 

5. Sphecodcs, Lat. 
a. Halictus, Lat. 
7. Nomia, Lat. 



Example of Species. 

. Apis succincta, Lin. 
. A. flessse, Panz. 



CLASS IV. INSECTA. 



XCIX 



ORDER IX.^Hymenoptera {continued). 



Section II. — Aculeata {continued). 



Family. Genus. 



Section. 



-ts 






o 

w 

H 
'A 



K] 






II, Apiariae . / 



. Apis violacea, Lin. 



Xylocopa muiariajFab. 
Centris cornuta. Fab. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Systropha, Illig. 

2. Rophites, Sjnn. 

3. Fanuigus, Panz. 

4. Xylocopa, Lat. , 

5. Ceratina, Lat. 
G. Chelostoma, Lat. 

7. Heriades, Spin. 

8. Megachile, Lai. 

9. Lithurgus, Lat. 
10. Osmia, Panz. 
IL Aiithidium, Fab. 

12. Stelis, Panz. 

13. Ccelioxys, Lat. 

14. Ammobates, Lat. 

15. Phileremus, Lat. 

16. Epeolus, Za^ 

17. Nomada, Fa J. 

18. Pasites, Jur. 

19. Melecta, Za<. 

20. Crocisa, Jur. 

21. Oxoea, A7«o-. ^ 

22. Eucera, Cuv. 

23. Macrocera, Spin. 

24. Melipodes, Zn^.. Apis longicornis, Lin 

25. Melliturga, Za^ 

26. Anthopliora, Lat. 

27. Saropoda, Lat. 

28. Ancyloscelis, Za^ 

29. Centris, Fab. 

30. Epicharis, A7»o-. 

31. Acanthopus,X/%. 

32. Euglossa, Lat. 

33. Bombus, Z«^ . . Apis miisconim, Lin. 

34. Apis, Lat Apis nnellifica, Lin. 

35. Melipona, Illig. 

36. Trigonn, Lat. 



n 2 



DIV. III. — ARtlCULATA. 



ORDER X.— Lepidoptera. 



Family. 

r 



Ge7ius, 



5 



Q 



u 



Papilio, Lin. 



\ 



Sphinx, Lin. 



V 



Subgenus. 

1 . P. cquitcs, Lin. . 

2. Zelima, Fab. 

3. Parnassius, Za/. 



4. Thais, Fab. 



5. Pieris, Sch 

6. Colias, Fab 

7- Danais, Cuv 

8. Idea, Fab. 

9. Heliconius, Latr. 

10. Acrea, Fab 

11. Cethosia, Fab. 

12. Argynnis, Fab. 
Vanessa, Fab. . . 
Libytliia, Fab. 
Biblis, Fab. 
Nymphalis, Latr. 
Morpho, Fab. 
Pavonia, Cicv. . . 
Brassolis, Fab. 
Eumenia, God. 
Eurybia, Illig. 

22. Satyrus, Lat, 

23. Erycina, Lat. 

24. Myrina, Fab. 

25. Polyommatus, ? 

Cuv S 

26. Barbicornis, God. 

27. Zephyrius, Dalm. 
20. Hesperia, Fab. . . 
29. Urania, Fab 



Example of Species. 
• P. Machaon, Lin. 

, Papilio Apollo, Lin. 
Papilio Danai candicli, 

Lin. 
.Papilio biassicae, Lin. 
.Papilio liyale, Lin. 
, Danaus festivus, Lin. 

.Papilio Heliconii, Lin. 
Papilio nymphalis, Lin. 



13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 



Papilio Antiopa, Lin. 

Papilio Jason, Lin. 
Papilio Phidippus. 



Papilio alexis, lliibn. 



Hesperia malox, Fab. 
Papilio riphseus. Fab. 



1. Agarista, Leach. 

2. Coronis, Lat. . . 

3. Castinia, Fab. 

4. Sphinx, Cuv.. . , .S. euphorbise, Lin. 

5. Macroglossum, ) 
Sen. S 

6. Smerinthus,Zia<. .S, demipaon, Cuv. 

7. Sesia, Cuv. 

8. Thyris, /fo^»n. . .Sphinx fenestrina, Fab. 

9. iEgocera, Lat. . . Bombyx venulia. Fab. 

10. ZygeenR, Cuv. .. Sphinx filipendule,Lin. 

11. Syntomis, Illig. 

12. Atychia, Iloffm. 

13. Prociis, Fab Sphinx statices, Lin. 



CLASS IV. INSECTA. 



CI 



ORDER X. — Lepidoptera (continued)^ 



Family. Genus. 

( Phalsena, Lin, 
I. Hepialites . 



II. Bombyciles 



Subgenus. 



Examjjk of Species. 



III. Pseudo-bom- 
byces 



IV. Aposura . . . . 

V. Noctuaslites . , 

VI. Phalenae tor- 
trices ........ 

VII. Phalsenites, 
Lat 

VIII. Deltoides . . 



1. Hepialus, Fab. . . H. humuli, Fab. 

2. Cossus, Fab. . . . . C. ligniperda, Fab. 

3. Stygia, Drap. . . S. australis, Lat. 

4. Zeuzera, Za^ • -Cossus sesculi, Fab. 
L Saturnia, Cuv. . . Bombyx tan, Fab. 

2. Lasiocampa, ) Bombyx quercifolia, 

Cuv j" Fab. 

3. Bombyx, Cuv. B. moii, Lin. 

1. Sericaria, Lat. ..Bombyx dispar, Fab. 

2. Notodonta, Ochs. 

3. Orygia, Oclis. . . B. antiqua, Fab. 

4. Limacodes, Lat. 

5. Psyche, Schr. 

G. Chelonia, God. PTk^'' chrysonhcea, 
(^ Fab. 

7. Callimorpha, K Bombyx Jacobeae, F. 
Lat \ Roes. 

8. Lithosia, Fab. 

\. Dicranoura, God. 
2. Platypterix, 

Lasp. ? 
\. Ereljus, Lat. 
2. Noctua, Cuv N. sponsa, Fab. 

1. Pyralis, Fab P. pomana. Fab. 



1. Phalsena, Cuv. ..P. sambucaria, Lin. 



IX. Tineites . . 



Ilerminia, Lat. 

Botys, Lat 

Hydrocampe, ^ 
Lat. .... S 

Aglossa, Latr. . J 

Galleria, Fab. . . 
Crambus, Fab. 
Alucita, Lai. 
Euplocamus, Lat. 

Phycis, Fab 

Tinea, Cuv 

Ilithyia, Lat. 
Yponomeuta, Lat. 
Oecophora, Lat- • 

Adela, Lat 

Ptei'opliorus, Cuv. 



X. Pterophorite.S | 2. Omeodes, Lair. { 



Papilio urticata, Lin. 
Papilio potamogata, 

Cuv. 
Papilio pinguinalis, 

Lin. 
G. cereana, Fab. 



P. Boleti, Fab. 
Pyralis tapezana, Fab. 
Crambus carneus. Fab. 
Tinea evonymella,Fab. 
Tinea majorella, Hiibn. 
Alucita Dejeerella, F. 
P. peutadactylus. Fab. 
Pteropliorus hexadac- 
tylus, Fab. 



Cll 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER XL— RiiiPiPTERA. 

Genvs. 

I. Xenos, Ros. 
TI. Stylops, Kir. 



ORDER XIL— DiPTERA. 



Family. 


Gcmts. 






< J 


r 1- 




Culex, Lhi . = ,,..' 




I 3: 




< 






1. 






2. 






3. 






4. 






5. 






G. 
7. 

8. 


< 




9. 


(Si 




10. 


H 
u 




11. 


o / 








Tipula, Lin. . , . .( 


12. 






13. 


1—^ 




14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
10. 
20 
21. 

22. 
23! 
24. 
25. 
20. 
^27. 



Suhgemis. Example of Species. 

Culex, Cuv Culex pipiens, Lin. 

Anopheles, Cuv. 

Oedes, Hoffjn, 

Corethra, Meig. { Tipula^ culiciforma, de 

Me'r°'''"'' } '^'P^'^ annularia,Meig. 

Tanypus, Meig. 

Ceratopogon, ^ 

Meig. S 

Psychoda, Lat. . . 

Cicidomyia, Meig. 

Lestremia,7l/ac-\ Cecidomyia destructor, 

quart ....../ Mac. 

Ctenophora, ^ Tipula pectinicornis, 

Meig S Fab. 

Pedicia, Lat 

. Tipula, Lat T. oleracea, Lin. 

Nephrotoma, \ 

Meig. j 

Ptychoptera, > 

Meig. / 

Riphidia, Meig. 
. Erioptera, Meig. 

Lasioptera, Meig. 

Limnobia, Meig. 

Poly in era, Wied. 

Trichocera, Meig. 

Macrcepeza, Meig- 
. Dixa, Meig. 
. Maskistocera, \ 
Wied. i 

. Hexatoma, Lat. 
. Chionea, Dalm, 
. Rliyphus, Lat. 
, Asindulum, Cni<. 
. Gnorista, Meig. 
. Bolitophila, Hoff. 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



cm 



ORDER XII.— DiPTERA (continued). 



Family. 



Genus. 



Z' 



na 



<: 

u 
o 



< 
o 

H 



Tipula, im.(co»/.) / 



r 



Asilus, Zm. 



Empis, Lin. 



Cyrtus, Lat. 



Subgenus, Example of Species. 

• 28. Macrocera, Meig. 

29. Mycetophila,il/e2g. 

30. Leia, Meig. 

31. Platyura, Meig. 

32. Synapha, Meig. 

33. Mycetobia, Meig. 

34. Molobrus, Latr. 

35. Campylomyza, \ 
Wied. f 

36. Ceroplateus, 5osc. 

37. Cordyla, Meig. 

38. Simulium, ia^ 

39. Scatopse, ) Tipula latrinarum, 

Geoff. j De G. 

40. Penthetria, Meig. 

41. Dilophus, Meig. 

42. Bibeo, Geoff. Tipula hortulana, Lin. 
\ 43. Aspistes, Hofm. 

f 1. Laphria, Meig. 

2. Ancilorhyn- "I 
chus, Lat. ) 

3. Dasypogons, ) 
Meig. i 

4. Ceraturgus, ") 
Wied. } 

5. Dioctria, Meig. 

6. Asilus, Cuv A. craboniforinis, Lin. 

7. Ommatius, Illig. 

8. Gonipus, Lat. 

9. Oedalia, Meig, 
10. Hybos, Meig. 

^11. Ocydroraia, //o^'. 

• 1. Empis, Cuv E. pinnipes, Fab. 

2. Ramphomyia, 7 
Meig, S 

3. Hilara, Meig. 

4. Bracliy stoma, ) 
Meig. i 

5. Gloma, Meig, 

6. Hemerodio- 1 
mi a, Hoffm. j 

7. Sicus, Lat, 

8. Drapetis, Meig, 

1 . Panops, Za?«, 

2. Cyrtus, Lat, 

3. Astomella, Z)«/. 

4. Henops, Illig. 

5. Acrocera, Afci^. 



CIV 



DIV. III. — ^ARTICULATA, 



ORDER XII.— DiPTERA (continued). 



Family. Genus. 

/ 



IS 



Q 

< 



Bombylius, Zin . , , 



Anthrax, <S'cop. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

1. Toxophora, Meig.T, maculatus, Meig. 

2. Xestomyza, Wied. 
3 Apatomyza, Wied. 

4. Lasius, ^FzVrf. 

5. Usia, Zai. 

6. Phthiria, Meig. 

7. Bombylius, Meig.^. major, Lin. 

8. Geron, Meig. 

9. Ploas, Meig. 
10. Cyllenia, Latr. 

1 . Stygides, Lat. 

2. Anthrax, Mezg'. . . Musca morio, Panz. 

3. Hirmoneura, \ 

Wied. f 

4. Miilio, Lat. 

5. Nemestrina, Lat. 

6. Fallenia, Meig, 

7. Colax, Wied. 



Thereva, Lat. 



Leptis, Cuv. 



Dolichopus, Lat. 



Tabanus, Li7i. 



Bibio plebeia, Fab. 

Atherix, Meig. 

Leptis, Fab Musca scolopacea, Lin. 

Chrysopilus, Mac.Musca vermileo, Lin. 
Clinocera, Meig. 

Ortochile, Lat. 

2. Dolichopus, Ciiv..D. ungulatus, Fab. 

3. Sybistroma, Meig. 

4. Raphium, Meig. 

5. Porphyrops, Mefg. 

6. Medeterus, Fisc. 

7. Hydrophorus, 1 

Mac. i ' ■ 

8. Chrysotus, Mac. 

9. Psilopus, Mac. ' - 

10. Diaphorus, Mac. ' , 

1 1 . Callorayia, Meig. 

12. Platypeza, Meig. 

13. Scenopinus, Lat. .Musca fenestralis, Lin. 

1. Pangonia, Lat. 

2. Tabanus, Cicv. ..T. bovinus, Lin. 

3. Silvia, Me«g Tabanus vituli, Fab. 

4. Chrysops, Cuv. . .C. ccecutiens, Fab. 

5. Haematopota, \ 

Meig. ) 

6. Hexatoma, Meig. 



CLASS IV.— INSECTA. 



cv 



ORDER XII. — DiPTERA (continued). 



Family, 



Genus. 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 






r 



Xylophagus, Cuv. 



Tv/r 1 /-» f 1. Cephalocera, Lat. 

Mydas, Cuv | ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ 

Chiromyza. W'led. 
Pachystomus, Lat. 

1. Hermetia, i/fl^ 

2. Xylophagus,iV/ei^.X. ater, Lat. 

3. Acanthomera, 1 
Wied. / 

4. Raphiorhynchus 

5. Coenomyia, Lat. .Sicus ferrugineus, Fab. 

6. Beris, Lat. 

7. Cyphomyia, W'zet/. 

8. Ptilodactylus, \ Stratiomys quadriden- 
Wied \ tata, Fab. 

/ 1. Stratiomys, i^aS. .S. chamselion, Fab. 

2. Odontomyia, 
Meig. 

3. Ephippium, \ Stratiomys ephippium, 
Lat \ Fab. 

Stratiomys, Geoff. / 4. Oxycera, Meig. [ ^'™y' hypoleon, 

5. Nemotelus, Geoff. 

6. Chrysochlora, \ Sargus amethystinus, 
Lat / Fab. 

7. Sargus, Fab Musca cupraria, Lin. 

8. Vappo, Lat. 



Family. 



Tribe 



Genus. 






3 



Syrphus, 
Cxiv. . . 



Subgenus. Example of Species, 

' 1. Volucella, Geo^. . Musca mystacea, Lin. 

2. Sericomyia, Meig. 

3. Eristalis, Meig. . . E. intricarius, Meig. 

4. MaLIota, Meig. 

5. Helophilus, Meeg.Musca tenax, Lin. 

6. Syrphus, Lat. . . Scseva ribesii, Fab. 

7. Baccha, Meig. 

8. Chrysogaster, ) 
Meig. S 

9. Paragus, Lat. 

10. Sphecomyia, Lat. 
\\. Psarus, Lat. 

12. Chrysotoxum, \ 

Meig. j 

13. Ceria, Fab. 

14. Callicera, Meig. 

15. Ceratophyia, ^ 

Wied. S 

IC. Aphritis, Lat. 
17- Merodon, Mc/g-. .Eristalis Narcissi, Fab. 





CVl 



DIV. III. — ARTICULATA. 



ORDER XII.— DiPTERA {continued). 



Family. Tribe. 

( r-. 



Genus. 



Syrphus 
>, ^ {cont.). 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



18. Ascia, Meig. 

19. Sphegina, Meig. 

j 20. Eumeius, Meig. .Musca pipiens, Lin. 

21. Milesia, Lat. 

22. Pipiza, Meig. 

I 23. Brachyopa, Hoff. 

24. Rhingia, Scop. 

25. Pelocera, ? Hoff. 



Oestrus, Zm. 



1. Cuterebra, Ctarck. 

p" ^ ' i Oestrus buccatus, Fab. 

3. Oedemagena, Cnv. 

4. Oestrus, Cuv. Oe. equi, Fab. 






O 






> 



Conops, Lin. 



( 



Musca, Ctiv. 



V Musca grossa, Lin, 

} 



1. Systropus, TVied. 

2. Conops, Fab- • • -C. macrocephala, Fab. 

3. Zodion, Lat 

4. Myopa, Fab M. ferruginea. Fab. 

5. Stomoxys, Geoff. .Conops calcitrans, Lin. 
C. Bucentes, Lat. 
7- Camus, Nitz. 

^ 1. Echinomyia, 
Dum. 

2. Goni'a, Meig. 

3. Miltogramma, 
Meig. 

4. Trixa, Meig. 

5. Gymnosomia, ) 

Meig. i 

6. Cistogaster, Lat. 
7- Phasia, Meig. 

8. Tricliiopoda, Zai.Tlierevaplumipes,Fab. 

9. Lopliosia, Meig. 

10. Ocyptera, Meig. .0. bicolor, Duf. 

11. Melanophora, "> 

Meig. ^ f 

12. Phania, Meig. 

13. Xysta, Meig. 

14. Tachina, Fab. 

15. Dexia, Meig. 

IG. Musca, Lin M. vomitoria, Lin. 

17. Sarcophaga, il/e?'^. Musca carnaria, Lin. 

18. Achias, Fab- 

^ 19. Idia, Meig Musca felina, Fab. 



CLASS IV. — INSECTA. 



evil 



ORDER XII. — DiPTERA (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 



Genus. 



r 



M 



> 



usca, Cuv. 
{cont.). , . 



y V 



/ 20. 
21. 
22. 

23. 

24. 

25, 
26. 

27- 

28. 
29. 
30. 

31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 

40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 

44. 

45. 

46. 
47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 
51. 
62. 
53. 
54. 
55. 
56. 

57. 
58. 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

. Lipse, Lat. 
Agyritis, Lat. 
Anthomyia, \ ji^,^^^ pluvlalis, Lin. 

Drymeia, Meig. 

_, . -, . f Musca fungorum, De 
Csenosia, Meig. | q^^^.^ 

Eriphia, Meig. 
Ropalomera, ^ 
Wied. S 

Ochtera, Lat. 
Ephydra, Fall. 
Notiphila, Fall. . . Musca cellaria, Panz. 

Thyreophora, \ Musca cynophila,Pauz. 
Lat. J 

Sphasrocera, Lat. 
Dialyta, Meig. 
Cordylura, Fall. 

Scatophaga, Lat. .Musca stercoria, Lin. 
Loxocera, I^af. 
Chyliza, Fall. 
Lissa, Meig. 
Psilomyia, Latr. 
Lonclioptera, 1 
Meig. i 

Heleomyza, i^a^^.Musca serrata, Lin. 
Dryomyza, Fall. 
Sapromyza, Fall. 
Oscinis, Lat. 
Otites, Lat. . . jOsdnis umbraculata, 

Euthycera,Zat { ^'H^Fab^ ch^rophyl- 
Sepedon, Lat. 

Tetanoceva, Dum.Se'pedon rufa, Fab. 
Micropeza, A/t/g.CaIobatafiliformis,Fab. 
Calobata, Meig. 

Diopsis, Li7i D. apicalis, Dalm. 

Cephalia, Meig. 

Sepsis, Fall. 

Oitalis, Fall. .... Musca vibians, Lin. 

Tetanops, Meig. 

Thephritis, Lat. Musca cardui, Lin. 

Platystoma, 1 

Meig / 

Celyphus, Ualm. .C. obtectus, Dalm. 
Lauxania, Lat. 

2 . 



CVlll 



DIV. III. ARTICULATA. 



ORDER XII.— DiPTERA (continued). 



Family. Tribe. 




Genus. 



Musca, Cuv 
(cont.) . , 



Example of Species. 



Hippobosca, 
Lin 



Nycteribia, Lat. 



Subgenus. 

59. Mosillus, Lai. 
CO. Tlmia, Lat. 

61. Homalura, Meig. 

62. Actora, Meig. 

63. Gymnomyza, \ 

Fall ]■ 

64. Lonchsea, Fall. 

65. Phora, Lat. 



1. Hippobosca, Cuv.U, equina, Lin. 

2. Ornithomyia, 1 Hippobosca avicularia, 

Lat j Lin. 

3. Strebla, Dalm. 

4. Melophagus, Zai.Hippobosca ovina, Lin. 

5. Lipotepna, Nitz. 



DIVISION IV.— RADIATA, or ZOOPHYTES. 

This division includes the most simple forms of animated nature, 
and although these forms vary considerably in the several classes, 
all show traces, more or less distinct, of radiation from a common 
centre. 

It includes five classes. 

Division. Class. 

I. ECHINODERMATA 

II. Entozoa, or, Intestinal Worms 

RADIATA.. < III. AcALEPH^ 

IV. Polypi 

V. Infusoria 



CLASS I.— ECHINODERMATA. 

This name is strictly applicable to the genus Echinus, sea-urchins, 
or hedgehogs, but is applied more generally to the most complicated 
of the radiated animals. All the genera have a well organized skin, 
with, distinct viscera, and a sort of imperfect vascular system. 

The class includes two orders. 



ECHINODERMATA. . < g 



Pedicellata 
2. Apedicellata 



ORDER I. — Pedicellata. 



The envelope in this order is pierced with apertures, through 
which issue numerous membranaceous tentacula, which acting as 
organs of motion, are called the feet. 

12 



ex 



DIV. IV. — RADIATA. 



ORDER I. — Pedicellata. 



Genus. 



Asterias . 



i: 



Encrinus 



1. 

2. 
3. 

4. 
5. 
6. 

7. 

8. 
9. 

Vio. 

1. 

2. 



Echinus , 



Subgenus. 

Asterias, prop. Lam. 
Ophiura 

Gorgonocephala, \ 

Leach J 

Alecto, Leach. 
Encrinus, prop. \ 

& existing j" 

Apiocrinites 

Encrinites 

Pentacrinites 

Platycrinites 

Poteriocrinites 

Cyathocrinites 

Actinocrinites 

Rhodocrinites 

Eugeniacrinites 

Echinus, prop 

Echinone, Phelsum. 



Example of Species. 

As. discoidea, Lam. 
Ast. nigra, Miill. 

As. caput Medusae. 

As. multiradiata, Leach. 
Pentacrinus Europseus, 
Thomson' 



All fossil. 



3. Nucleolites, Lin. 



Holothuria. 



4. 
5. 
C. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 

n. 

12. 
Vl3. 



Galerites, Lam. . . 
Scutella, Lam. . . 

Rotula, Kl 

Cassidulus, Lam. 
Ananchites, Lam. 
Clypeaster, Lain. 
Fibularia, Lam. . . 
Spatangus, Kl, 
Brissoi'des, KL . . 
Brissus, Kl. «... 



E. mamillatus, L. 

,E. cyclostomus, Miill. 

Spatangus depressus, fossil 

Leslie. 
, Ech. vulgaris, fossil, L. 

E. auritus, Scl. 
, E. decadactylus. 
, Cass. Caribseorun, Lam. 
, E. ovatus, L. fossil. 
, E. rosaceus, Kl. 

E. nucleus, Kl. 

, E. teres, Seb. 

, E. purpureus, Miill. 

. Hoi. plantapus, L. 



ORDER II. — Apedicellata. 



Genus. 

Molpadia . . 
Myiiias , . . . 
Priapulus . . 
Lithodermes 
Siponculus . . 
Bonellia. . . . 



Thalassema 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Mol. holothuroides, Cuv. 

M. cyanea, Cuv. 

Hoi. priapulus, L. 

Lith. cuneus, Cuv. 

Sip. edulis, Cuv. 

....,, Bon. viridis, Rol. 

L Thalassema, prop..T. Neptuni, Gertner. 

2. Echiurus Lumbricus echiurus, Gmel, 

3. Sternapsis, Otto ■ . . Thalassima scutatum, Ranzan. 



CLASS II.— INTESTINA— ENTOZOA, Rudolphi. 

This class, so far as has been observed, is destitute of any true 
circulation, though there are obscure vestiges of nerves. Most of 
the genera live only in the interior of other animals. 

They are divided into two orders. 



Intestina 



Class. Order. 

Intestina cavitaria 
Intestina parenchymata 



■■{k 



ORDER I. — Intestina Cavitaria — Nematoidea, RudolphL 

Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Filaria, L Fi). Medinensis, Gm. 

1. Trichocephalus, j ^ ^. ^^^^ 

proper ) 



{ 



Trichocephalus....^ ^, ^-^--- 

3. Oxyuris Ox. curvula, Riid. 

CucuUanus C. lacustris, Gm. 

Ophiostomus O. cystidicola. 

Ascaris As. lumbricoides, L. 

Strongylus Stron. equinus, Gm. 

Spiroptera Sp. strumosa, Nits. 

Physaloptera See Rud. Syn. 29. 

<:^ T . r>j • f !• Scelorostoma, Blain. 

Scelorostoma, Blain. | ^ Liorhynchus, Rud. 

Linguatula 

Prionoderma Cucullanus ascarhoides 

1. Lernaea, prop L. branchialis, L. 

2. Pennella, Oken .... Pen. filosa, Gm. 

3. Sphyrionis, Cuv. . . Chondracanthe lisse, Quoy&G. 
Lernaea / ^' Anchorella, Cuv. . . Lernaea adunea, Strsem. 

5. Bracliiella, Cuv B. Thynni, Cuv. 

6. Clavella, Oken Lernaea uncinata, Miill. 

7. Chondracanthus, 1 Lemsa radiata, Mull. 
Laroch j 

Nemertes, Cuv Nam. Borlasii, Cuv. 

Tubularia, Renimeri. 
Ophiocephalus, Quoy S: G. ■ 

Cerebratula, Renimeri 



CXll 



DIV. IV.— RADIATA. 



ORDER II. — Parenchymata. 
This order is divided into four families. 

Order. Family. 

r Acanthocephala 

Pakenchymata..)J!^'"^^^°'^^^ 
J ienioides 

' Cestoides 



Family. 



Genus, 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



O P-l 



o 
o 

< 



7 







Echinorhyn- / l, E. prop E. gigas, Gm. 

cllUS . . , . \ 2. Hseruca H. muiis, Gm. 

Fasciola ... .^ ., _ .. 

--"aeus. 

op F. hepatica, L. 

Holostoma 

1. Polj'stoma P. intergerrimum, Rud. 

Cyclocotyles C. bellones, Ott. 

1. Tristoma, Cuv T. coccineum, Cuv. 

Hectocotyles H. octopodis, Cuv. 

Aspidogaster A. conchycola, Bser. 

Planaria P. lactea. 

Prostomes 
Dero stoma 

Phoenicura Vertumnus thedicola, Otto 

Teenia T. lata, Rud. 

Tricuspidaria T. nodulosa, Gm. 

Bothryocephalus 

Dibothryorhynchus 

Floriceps 

Rhyncobothrium R. corollatus, Rud. 

Tetrarhynchus T. lingualis, Cuv. 

1. Tentaculaiia, Bosc. 

Cysticercus T. ferarum. 

Coenurus T. cerebraiis. 

Scolex S. gigas, Cuv. 

Ligula t . . . . L. abdominalis, Gm, 



> H 



CLASS III.— ACALEPHA. 



Commonly called sea-nettles. These display some appearance 
of internal vessels, which, however, are mere productions of the 
intestines in the substance of the body. 



They include two orders. 



Class 



AcALEPHA 



Order. 



i Acalephee simplices. 
( Acalephfe hydrostaticao. 



ORDER I. — AcALEPH^ Simplices. 



Genus. 



Medusa 



Subgenus. Ejcample of Species. 

f 1. Medusa, prop 

2. jEquorea M. £Equorea, Gni. 

3. Phorcynia M. moUicina, Forsk. 

4. Foveolia 

5. Pelagia O. pauopyra, Peron. 

(J. Cyaiipea Med. aurita. 

7- Rhyzostoma Med. pnlnio, Gui. 

8. Cephaea Med. cephsea, Forsk. 

9. Cassiopea Med. froiidosa, Pal. 

10. Astoma Med. proboscidalis, Foi sk 

11. Berenice B. carisochronia, Per. 

12. Eudora End. moneta, Cuv. 

13. Carybdea Med. marsupialis, Gni. 

14. Beroe Med. pileiis, Cm. 

15. Idya Med. int'iindibidum, Gm. 

16. Dolioliiiii D. Mediterraiieum, Otto. 

17- Calliaiiiia C didiploptera, Per. 

18. Janira Beroe hexagoiie, Brug. 

li). Alcinae o A. voniiicidata, llaiis, 

20. Ocyroc O. inaciilata, Rans. 

V^21. Ce.stimi Cest. Veneris, Leseur. 



Porpites, 
Velella , 



Med, innbclki, Midi. 
Med. velelhi, Gm. 



V 



CXIV 



DIV. IV\ — RADIATA. 



ORDER II. — Hydrostatica. 



This order is distinguished by air vesicles or bladders, by which 
the animals are usually suspended in the water. 



Genus. 
Physalia, Lam. 



Physsophora, Forsk. 



Diphyes, Ciii\ 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 
Holothuiia pliysalis, L. 

1. Physsophora, prop. .P. hydrostatica, Gm. 

2. Hippopus, Quoy Sf G. 

3. Cupulites. 

4. Raceniides, Cut'. 

5. Rhyzophyza, Per.. P. fillifoni)is, Forsk. 
Stephanomia S. aniphltritis, Per. 



Diphyes, prop. 

Calpe. 

Abyle. 

Cuboides. 

Navicula, 



See An. de Sc. X, 



CLASS IV.— POLYPI. 

In this class there are tentacula, which surround the mouth. 
Most of the genera propagate by off-shoots, as well as by eggs. 

It includes three orders, viz. — 

Class. Order. 

f Polypi carnosi. 
Polypi . . \ Polypi gelatinosi. 
V Polypi polypiferi. 



ORDER I.— Polypi Carnosk 

Called also fixed sea-nettles. They have a fleshy envelope, and 
are generally fixed to some submarine object, but occasionally free. 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species. 

r 1. Actinia, prop Ac. senilis, L. 

AptiniT J ^' Thalassiantlius .... Tlial. aster, Ruppel. 

J 3. Discosoma D. nummiforme, Id. 

V. 4. Zoanthus Hydra sociata, Gm. 

Lucemaria L. quadricornis, Miill. 



ORDER II. — Polypi Gelatinosi. 

Are without any general envelope, and are gelatinous. Their 
body represents a mere bag. 

Gemis. . Example of Species. 

Hydra, Lin H. viridis, Trembley. 

Corine, Gcertner. Tabularia coryna, Gm. 

Cristatella C. mucedo, Cuv. 

Vorticella 

Pedicellaria See Miiller, Zool. Dan. xvi. 

p 2 



CXVl 



DIV, TV. RADIATA. 



ORDER III.— Polypi Polypiferi. 

In this order the animals are composite, inhabiting, in numbers, a 
single habitaculum or polyparia, with a community of nutriment 
and volition. 

The order is divided into three families. 



Family. Genus. 

Tubipora 
Tubularia . . 



Sertularia 



Subgenus. 



Example of Species. 



O 



{ 



Cellularia 



T. musica, L. 

Tub. marina Tub. indivisa, Ellis. 

Tibiana Tib. fasciculata, Lam. 

Cornularia Tub. cornucopia 

Anguinaria Sertularia anguina, Ellis. 

Campanularia .... Sert. verticillata, Ellis. 

Aglophenia Sert. myrophillum, Ellis. 

Amatia Sert. lendigera, Ellis. 

Antennularia Sert. antennina, Gm. 

Sertularia, prop. . . Sert. Eebictina, Gm. 

Crisia , Sert. eburnia, Gm. 

Acamarchis Sert. neritina, Gm. 

Loricula Sert. loricata, Ellis. 

Eucratia Sert. chelata, Gm. 

Electra Flustra verticillata, Gm. 

Salicornaria Cellularia salicornia, Ellis. 



Flustra . . . . 
Cellepora . . 
Tubulipora 



Corallina 



• T. feliacea, Gm. 



Cel. hyalina, Gm. 

Millepora tubulosa, Gm. 

Corallina, prop Cor. officinalis, Ellis. 

Amphiroe Cor. rigens, Ellis. 

Jania Cor. rubens, Id. 

Cymopholia Cor. barbata, Gm. 

Penicillus Cor. penicillus, Ellis. 

Halymede Cor. tuna, Id. 

Flabellaria Cor. conglutina. Id. 

Galaxaura Cor. obtusata. Id. 

Liagora Cor. marginata, Id. 

Anadiomene An. flabellata, Lamour. 

Acetabulum Tubularia, acetabulum, Gm. 

Polyphysa Pol. aspergillum, Lamour 



Family. Tribe. Genus. 



Sube 



Example of Species. 



<—' o 



m 



Antipathes Ant. spiralis, Ellis. 

( 1. Plexaurus Gorg. crassa, Gm. 

Gorffonia ^ ^ Eunicea Gorg. antipathes, Seb. 

*' ' i 3. Muricea Mur. spirifera, Lam. 

' 4. Primnoa Gorg. reseda, Gm. 



CLASS IV. — POLYPI. 



CXVll 



ORDER III. — Polypi Polypiferi (continued). 



Family. Tribe. Genus. 



r 



« / 



H 
O 

o 



Isis 



Madrepora' 



Millepora 



i^ \Pennatula 



d 



Ovulites 
Lunulites 
Orbulites 
Dactylopora 



Subgenus. Example of Species. 

Coralium Isis nobilis, L. 

Melite, Lam Isis ocracea, Espern. 

Isis, prop., Lam. ..Isis hippuris, L. 

Mopsea Isis dichotoma, Seb. 

Fungia, Lam Mad. fungites, L. 

Turbinolia, Id Mad. turbinata, L. 

Cyclolithes, Id Mad. porpita, L. 

Caryophyllia, Id. ..Mad. cyathus, Ellis. 

Oculina, Id Mad. Virginea, L. 

Pocillopera, Id Mad. domicornis, Esper. 

Serialopora, Id Mad. seriata, Pall. 

Astrea Mad. radiata, Ell. 

Explanaria Mad. emerascens, Ell. 

Porites Mad. porites, Ellis. 

Meandrina 

, Puvaria Mad. agaricites. 

, Hydrophora Mad. exesa, Ellis. 

, Agaricina Mad. cucullata, Ellis. 

, Sarcinula, Lam. . ..Mad. organum, L. 
. Stylina. 

Distichopora Mill, violacea, Pall. 

Millepora, prop. \ j^jji^ alcicorius, Pall. 

Lam } 

Nullipora Mill, informis, L. 

Escliara, Lam Mill, foliacea, Ellis. 

Retepora, Id Mill, cellulosa, Ell. 

, Adeona Lamouroux.Ad. grisea, Lamour. 

Pennatula, prop.,\ p^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ 
Cuv J 

Virgularia, Lam. ..Pen. mirabilis, Miill. 

Scirpearea, Cuv. . . .Pen. mirabilis, Lin. 

Pavonaria, Ciw. . . .Pen. antennina, Bohatsch 

Renilla, La7n Pen. reniformis, L. 

Veretillum, Cuv. ..Pen. cynomorium, Pall. 

Ombelluraria, Cm?;. .Pen. encrinus, Ellis. 



■ Fossil genera. 



iz; \ Alcyonium Alcy. digitatum, Ell. 

^ ° \ Thethya, Lam. 

< ^ r Spongia Sp. officinalis, L. 



CXVIU DIV. IV. — RyvDIATA. 



CLASS v.— INFUSORIA. 



Microscopic animals, in general of extreme simplicity of organ- 
ization. Some of the genera, however, appear to be more compli- 
cated, thongh the details of their organization escape the deepest 
powers of tlie microscope. 



The class is divided into two orders. 

Class. Order. 

Rotifera. 



Infusori 



^'•\± 



Homoffenea. 



ORDER I.— Rotifera. 



Body oval and gelatinous ; a mouth, stomach, intestines, and 
arms have been observed. The mouth or head is surrounded by 
denticulated lobes, which vibrate with great rapidity, and present 
the appearance under the glass of a revolving wheel. 



Genus. Subgenus. Example of Species, 



Furcularia < 2. Trichocerca, Lam. . . Tri. paxillum, Miill. 

V. 3. Vaginicola, Lcim. ..Tri. innata, Miill. 

Tubicolaria, Lam. Vorticella tetrapetala 

Brachionus, Miill. 



CLASS IV. POLYPI. CXIX 



ORDER II.— HOMOGENEA. 



Body gelatinous, but without appearance of stomach, intestines, 
anus, and sometimes of mouth. 



G^nus. 

Urceolaria, Lain. 

Trichoda 

Leucophra 

Kerona 

Himantopus 

Cercaria 

Vibrio 

Enchelis 

Cyclidium 

Paramecium 

Kolpoda 

Gonium 

Bursaria 

Proteus 

Monas 

Volvox. 




INDEX 



ANIMAL KINGDOM. 



MAMMALIA. 



Abdominales, vol. i. page Ixvi. 
Acanthion, v. 262 

Daubentonii, v. 262 

javanicum, v. 262 
Accipitres, i. Ixii. 
Acheus, V. 274 
Acouchi, iii. 94 
Acrobata pygmsea, v. 200 
Acronotus, v. 361 
Acronotine group, iv. 346 
Acuti, V. 271 
Addax, iv. 193 ; v. 328 
Adimain, iv. 325 
Adive, r, ii. 44 ; v. 146. 149 
^gagre, iv. 23 
^gagrus, iv. 303 ; v. 357 
Aello, v. 83 

Cuvieri, v. 83 
Agouara, v. 114 

Gouazou, ii. 42; v. 145 
Agouarachy, v. 148 
Agouti, V. 271 

common, iii. 94 

d. Crete, v. 272 

des Patagons, iii. 243 
Agoutis, iii. 94. 241 
Ahu, iv. 122; v. 313. 332 
Ai, iii. 253. 271 ; v. 274 

ash-coloured, v. 275 

collared, v. 274 

spotless, v. 274 

yellovy-faced, v. 274 
Aigocerine group, iv. 175 
Cuv. Index. 



Aigocerus, v. 324 
Aigrette, v. 18 
Akko, v. 357 
Akoin, v. 336 
Akouchy, v. 272 
Alactaga, iii. 77- 143 

Alb, the great, v. 321 

Alee, V. 303 

Alcine group, iv. 72 

AIco, V. 140 

Algazel, iv. 191 ; v. 327 

Alliaire, 1', v. 210 

AUocamelus, v. 299 

Alouatta, i. 349 ; v. 26 

Beelzebut, i. 351 

common, i. 222 

howling, i. 351 
Alouattas, i. 221 
Amblotis, ii. 78 ; v. 206 
Amphibia, i. Iviii. Ixiv. Ixxvii. ; v. 175 
Anabula, v. 321 

Anarnack of Grbenland, iv. 464 
Andira, ii. 125 

guafu, ii. 9. 125 ; v. 71 
Angingayer, v. 1.32 
Angouan, 1', v. 46 
Angouya y bigoni, v. 218 
Animal Anonyme, v. 152 

body, active forces of the, i. 29 

body, function and organs of the, 
i." 39 

body, organic elements of the, 
i. 28 
B 



INDEX. 



Animal kingdom, general ilistribution of 
the, i. GO 
kingdom, metliod of the, i. 58 
moschiferum, v. 301 

Animals, amphibious, i. Iviii. ; ii. 55 
first class of vertebrated, i. 72 
intellectual function of, i. 49 
pouched, ii. 61 
vertebrated, i. 05 
vertebrated into four classes, i. 69 

Anisonys, v. 245 

brachyura, v. 245 
rufa, v, 245 

Anoa, iv. 293 ; v. 355 

compressicornis, v. 355 
depressicornis, iv. 293 ; v. 355 

Anoema, iii. 93. 234 

Anoine group, iv. 292 

Anoplotherium, iii, 334 

Anseres, i. Ixii. 

Anta, iii. 431 ; v. 294 

Ant-eater, aculeated, iii. 313; v. 284 
bear, v. 280 
Cape, iii. 296 ; v. 279 
great, v. 280 
great American, iii. 299 
little, iii. 306; v. 281 
little bear, v. 280 
maned, v. 280 
porcupine, v. 284 
two toed, iii. 261 ; v. 281 

Ant-eaters, iii. 259 
scaly, iii. 261 
spiny, iii. 263 

Antelope, awl-horned, iv. 25,3 ; v. 342 
Barbary, iv. 212 ; v. 332 
blue, iv. 20. 176; v. 324 
broad-eared, iv. 260; v. 344 
broad-hoofed, iv. 204 ; v. 330 
Burchell's, iv. 262 ; v. 345 
bush, iv. 258 ; v. 344 
common, iv. 231 ; v. 336 
cream-coloured, iv. 240 ; v. 338 
des Buissons, V. 344 
des Indes, v. 337 
dodger, iv. 265 ; v. 347 
Duvaucel's, v. 352 
equine, iv. 20. 177 
four-horned, iv. 256; v 343 
four-tufted, iv. 261 ; v. 346 
Gambian, iv. 221 ; v. 334 
great-horned, iv. 179 
harnessed, iv. 274 ; v. 351 
king, V. 349 
long-horned, v. 325 
Maxwell's, iv. 26? ; v. 347 
nez tache, v. 330 
niou, V. 368 
of Honduras, v. 318 



Antelope, of India, iv. 18 

Ovine, iv. 289 ; v. 354 
palmated, iv. 172 ; v. 323 
Persian, iv. 210 ; v. 331 
pourpree, v. 330 
prong-horned, iv. 170; v. 323 
red-necked, iv. 205 
ribbed, iv. 275 ; v. 351 
roan, iv. 177; v. 324 
Salt's, iv. 271 ; V. 350 
sharp-horned, iv. 252 ; v. 342 
slate-coloured, iv. 268 ; v. 348 
springer, iv. 208 ; v. 331 
striped, v. 366 
swift, iv. 206 ; v. 320 
white-faced, iv. 202; v. 329 
white-footed, iv. 363 ; v. 367 
wool-bearing, iv. 286 ; v. 354 

Antelopes, iv. 15 

Antelopine group, iv. 218 

Antes, V. 294 

Antholops, V. 327 

Antilocapra, iv. 167 

Americana, v. 323 

Antilope, iv. 15. 162 ; v. 322. 334 
acuticornis, iv. 252 ; v. 342 
addax, iv. 193 ; v. 328 
adenota, iv. 223 ; v, 335 
algasel, v. 328 
Americana, v. 354 
arundinacea, v. 338 
arundinium, v. 338 
aurita, v. 325 
barbata, iv. 180; v. 325 
besoartria, v. 328 
besoastica, v. 327 
bezoastica, iv. 191 
bubalis, iv. 18 
Burchellii, iv. 162; v. 345 
caama, iv. 18 
capreolus, v. ,339 
cervicapra, iv. 18. 231 ; v. 330 
chickara, iv. 254 ; v. 343 
ccerulea, iv. 268; v. 348 
colus, iv. 226 ; v. 335 
cora, iv. 216; v. 333 
corinna, iv. 16. 214; v. 333 
dama, iv. 20. 206 ; v. 330. 341 
diotragus, v. 342 
dorcas, iv. 16. 212; v. 330. 332 
dorsata, v. 331 
Duvaucelii, iv. 279 ; v. 352 
eleotragus, iv. 237 ; v ,328. 337 
equina, iv. 20. 177 ; v. 324 
euchore, iv. 17.208; v. 331 
forfex,iv. 221; v. 3.34 
fulvo rufula, iv. 239 ; v. 338 
furcifer, iv. 170; v. 323 
gnu, iv. 22; v. 368 



MAMMALIA. 



Antilope, goral, iv. 279 ; v. 352 

grandicoriiis, iv. 179; v. 325 
giimmia, iv. 266 ; v. 347 
grisea, iv. 250 ; v 341 
gutturosa, iv. 17. 229; v. 336 
Ibex, v. 341 
interscapularis, v. 352 
isabellina, iv. 240 ; v. 338 
kemas, iv. 196 ; v. 328 
kevella, iv. 16. 213; v. 332 
koba, V. 363 
Lalandiana, v. 338 
lanata, v. 339 
lanigera, iv. 286 ; v. 354 
leucophaa, iv. 20. 176 ; v. 324 
leucoryx, iv. 188; v. 326 
madoka, iv. 271 ; v. 350 
marsupialis, v. 331 
Maxwellii, iv. 267 ; v. 347 
Mazama, iv. 289 ; v. 354 
melampus, iv. 219; v. 334 
melanotis, iv. 250 ; v. 341 
mergens, iv. 264 ; v. 346 
mytilopes, iv. 204 ; v. 330 
naso maculata, v. 330 
oreas, iv. 21 ; v. 365 
oreotragus, iv. 245 ; v, 340 
oryx, iv. 19. 186; v. 325,326 
ozanne, v. 325 
palida, iv. 251 ; v. 342 
pallah, V. 334 
palmata, iv. 172 ; v. 323 
perpusilla, iv. 269; v. 348 
phalerata, iv. 275; v. 351 
philamtomba, v. 349 
picta, iv. 21 : v. 367 
platous, iv. 260; v. 344 
ptoox, iv. 265 ; v. 347 
pygarga, iv. 202 ; v. 329. 331 
pygmea, iv. 270; v. 303. 349 
quadricornis, iv. 256 ; v. 343 
quadriscopa, iv. 261 ; v. 345 
redunca, iv. 238 ; v 338 
reversa, v. 338 
rufescens, iv. 249; v. 341 
luficollis, iv. 205; v. 331 
rupestiis, iv. 248 ; v. 340 
riipicapra, iv. 22. 281 ; v. 353 
saiga, iv. 17 ; v. 336 
Saltatrix, v. 340 
Saltiana, iv. 271 
scoparia, iv. 244 ; v. 339 
scripta, iv. 274 ; v. 351 
Senegalensis, v. 363 
silvicultrix, iv. 258 ; v. 344 
strepsiceros, iv. 21 ; v. 366 
subgutturosa, iv. 210; v, 331 
subulata, iv. 253 ; v. 342 
Sumatrensis, iv. 277 ; v. 352 



Antilope, suturosa, iv. 363 

sylvatica, iv. 272 ; v. 350 

tao, iv. 189; v. 327 

taurina, v. 369 

temmamazama, iv. 291 ; v. 354 

torticoinis, v. 366 

tragulus rupestiis, v. 341 

villosa, iv. 241 ; v. 339 
Anzing Agar, v. 132 
Aotus, V. 35 

trivirgatus, v. 35 
Apara, v, 275 
Ape, Alpinus, v. 19 

Barbary, i. 215. 280; v. 19 

dog-faced, v. 21 

great, v. 5 

long-armed, v. 6 

pygmy, v. 19 

satyr, i. 350 

tufted- tailed, v. 30 
Aper jEthiopicus, v. 289 
Apes, i. 207. 333. 349,350 
Aperea, v. 271 

Brasiliensibus, v. 270 

wild, iii. 234 
Aplocerine group, iv. 285 
Aplocerus, v. 354 
Apodes, i. Ixvi. 
Arabata, v. 27 
Araguato, v. 27 
Arctocephale, v. 182 
Arctomys, iii. 80. 166; v 

Africana, v. 242 

Alpina, v 247 

bobac, v. 244 

brachyura, v. 245 

citillus, V. 246 

empetra, iii. I7O ; 

Franklinii, v. 246 

Hoodii, iii. 171 

latrans, v. 248 

Ludoviciana, v. 247 

marmotta, v. 244 

Missouriensis, v. 248 

monax, v. 244 

Parryii, v. 247 

Richardsonii, v. 24G 

rufa, V. 245 

tridecimlineata, v. 247 

Woodii, V. 247 
Arctopithecus, i. 225 
Argali, American, iv. 318; v. 359 

Asiatic, iv. 316; v. 359 

bearded, iv. 319; v. 359 

of Siberia, iv. 25 
Armadillo, iii. 255 

Africanus, v. 277 

Brasiliensis, v. 276 

eight-banded, v. 276 

b2 



243 



245 



INDEX. 



Armadillo, eigliteen-banded, v. 278 
giant, iii. 258. 294 ; v. 277 
greatest, v. 277 

Guyanensis, v. 276 

hairy, iii. 292 ; v. 278 

Indicus, V. 276 

Mexicaniis, v. 276 

mule, iii. 294 ; v. 276 

nine-banded, iii. 257 ; v. 276 

Orientalis, v. 276 

pig-headed, v. 276 

seven-banded, v. 276 

six-banded, iii. 257 ; v. 278 

three-banded, iii. 256. 294 ; v. 
275 

twelve-banded, iii. 257 ; v. 277 

vyeasel-headed, v. 278 
Arnad, v. 372 
Arnee, iv. 388 ; v. 372 
Artak, v. 359 
Artibeus, v. 84 

Jamaicensis, v. 84 
Arvicola, ii. 66. 109; v. 209 

albicaudatus, v. 212 

alliarius, v. 210 

amphibia, v. 209 

amphibia maculata, v. 209 

amphibia nigra, v. 209 

amphibia paludosa, v. 209 

argentoretensis, v. 212 

arvalis, v. 209 

Astracan, v. 214 

Astrachanensis, v. 214 

Egyptian, v. 212 

Floridanus, v. 214 

fulvus, v. 212 

gregalis, v. 21 1 

hortensis, v. 213 

musk, V. 208 

Niloticus, V. 212 

ceconomus, v. 210 

palustris, v. 213 

Pennsylvanica, v. 214 

pumilio, v. 211 

riparius, v. 213 

rutilus, v. 210 

saxatilis, v. 210 

socialis, v. 211 

Strasbourg, v. 212 

xanthognata, v. 213 

yellov?, V. 212 

yellow-cheeked, v. 213 
Ascagne, i. 213 ; v. 13 
Ashaary, v. 298 
Ashkokoo, iii. 431 ; v. 293 
Asinus quagga, v. 295 
Aspalax, v. 107- 241 
Ass, iii. 343. 461 ; v. 295 

common, v. 295 



Assapan, v. 259 

Atalaplia, v. 98 

Atele coaita de Cayenne, v. 24 

Ateles, i. 222 ; v. 24 

arachnoides, i. 223; v. 25 

belzebeth, v. 24 

hypoxanthus, v. 25 

marginatus, i. 223 ; v. 25 

melanochir, v. 25 

niger, v. 24 

paniscus, v. 24 

pentadactylus, i. 222; v. 25 

subpentadactylus, v. 25 
Atok, V. 128 
Attarsoak, v. 177 
Attenk, v. 305 
Atys, v. 16 
Auchenia, iv. 5. 50 ; v. 298 

araucana, v. 300 

glama, v. 299 

Huanaca, v. 299 

Huemel, v. 300 

paco, V. 299 

vicugna, v. 300 
Aurochs, iv. 29 ; v. 373 
Aurox, true, v. 376 
Aves, i. Iviii. Ixii. 
Axine group, iv. 116 
Axis, iv. 12 ; v. 312 

brown porcine, iv. 119 ; v. 312 

dwarf, iv. 120; v. 313 

great, v. 310 

spotted, iv. 117 
Aye Aye, iii. 86. 196; v. 51. 



Babi Alu, iii. 434 

Babiroussa, iii. 332 

Baboon, i. 349. 351 ; v. 21. 23 
black, V. 26 
brown, i. 290; v. 18 
cinereous, v. 22 
common, i. 218 
dog- faced, i. 218; v. 21 
dog-tailed, v. 14 
great, v. 21 
grey, v. 21 
Guinea, v. 20 
lion-tailed, v. 16 
little, V. 20 
long-legged, i. 289 
Mandrill, i. 219. 289 
of the woods, i. 219 
Pennant's, v. 23 
pig-faced, v. 20 
pig-tailed, i. 288; v. 18 
ribbed-nose, v. 22 
thumbless, v, 23 
variegated, v. 21 



MAMMALIA. 



Baboon, wood, v. 22 

yellow, V. 22 
Baboons, i. 214 

Suppl. on the, i. 278 
Babouin, v. 20 

a museau de chien, v. 21 

a longues jambes, v. 19 
Babyroussa, iii. 408 ; v. 288 
Badger, ii. 269; v. 116 

American, v. 116 

Bougainville's pouched, v. 195 

Cape, V. 292. 

common, v. 116 

dog, y. 274 

fat-pouched, v. 195 

hog, ii, 274 

Indian, v. 118 

long-nosed pouched, v. 195 

of Europe, ii. 31 

rock, iii. 429 
Badgers, ii. 30 
Balaena, iv. 440 ; v. 389 

boops, iv. 443 ; v. 391 

ccerulescens, v. 391 

gibbar, v. 390 

gibbosa, iv. 498 ; v. 390 

gibbosa, var., v. 390 

glacialis, iv. 442 ; v. 390 

Islandica, v. 390 

Japonica, v. 390 

lunulata, v. 390 

maculata, v. 391 

moera, v. 390 

major, v. 389 

musculus, v. 391 

mysticetus, iv. 441. 491 ; v. 
389 

nigra, v. 391 

nodosa, iv. 498 ; v. 390 

physalis, iv. 443 ; v. 391 

punctata, v. 391 

rostrata, iv. 478 ; v. 391 

tripenni ventre laevi, v. 391 

vulgaris Groenlandica, v. 389 
Balaenae, iv. 471 
Balaenoptera, v. 390 
Balantia, ii. 70 

orientalis, v. 196 
Baleine a bosses, v. 390 

a museau pointu, v. 391 
a six bosses, v. 390 

bossue, V. 390 

franche, v. 389 
gibbar, v. 391 
nord Caper, v. 390 
noueuse, v. 390 
tampon, v. 390 
Baleinoptera gibbar, v. 391 

with a smooth belly, iv. 443 



Baleinoptera with a wrinkled belly, iv, 
443 

Baleinoptere Jubarte, v. 391 

Bangsring, ii. 212 ; v. 52. 106 

Barbaresque, iii. 83 

Barbastel, v. 97 

Barbastelle, ii. 14. 147 

Barbet, ii. 41 ; v. 138 
little, V. 138 
grand, v. 138 

Barensing'ha, v. 310 

Baresque, v. 253 

Basset a jambes droites, v. 139 

Bat, Anglice leaf-nosed, ii. 10 
bearded, ii. 12. 137 
big- eared, v. 98 
black-backed, v. 98 
black-faced, v. 98 
black-shouldered, v. 98 
Blainville's mormoops, v. 74 
blue-winged, v. 98 
Bourbon, ii. 154 
Brazil vespertilio, v. 91 
broad- tailed molossus, v. 62 
Brookes's celoeno, v. 83 
brown, ii. 126 
brown-belly, v. 61 
brown-striped, ii. 126 
bull -dog, V. 60 
chestnut, v. 62 
chestnut-coloured molossus, v. 

61 
cinnamon, v. 62 
common, ii. 142 
common javelin, ii. 127 
cordated, of Pennant, v. 74 
Cuvier's Aello, v. 83 
dark, v. 61 

Daubenton's myopteris, v. 83 
diadem rhinoloph, v. 77 
dilated nyctinome, v. 65 
dog, ii. 110 
dog, of Java, v. 56 
eighth, of Azara, v. 62 
eleventh, of Azara, v. 96 
flat-nosed phyllostome, v. 69 
foliaceous megaderme, v. 75 
fourth, of Azara, v. 71 
great, v. 89 

great-eared, ii. 14. 152 
great horse-shoe, ii. 1 1 
javelin, ii. 126 
great, of Madagascar, v. 55 
great serotine, v. 91 
great-tailed molossus, v. 62 
guyane molossus, v. 62 
hairy, ii. 155 
Havdwicke's, v. 92 
hare-lipped, ii. 139 



6 



INDEX. 



Bat, lieart-nosed, ii. 128 

horse-shoe rhinolophus, v. 76 
indented javelin, ii. 10 
indented phyllostonie, v. 68 
Jamaica, v. 73 
Jamaica artibeus, v. 81 
javelin, ii. 9 ; v. 69 
knobbed-tail glossophag. v. 73 
lasiopter, ii. 155 
leaf, of Pennant, v. 72 
lesser horse-shoe, ii. 11 ; v. 76 
lesser ternate, v. 75 
Lewis's medateus, v. 74 
Lily-leafed phyllostome, v. 71 
long-eared, v. 96 
long-leafed phyllostome, v. G8 
lyre-leafed megaderme, v. 75 
Madagascar, ii. 107 
Monk, V. 98 
netted, v. 98 
New York, ii. 1 55 
ninth, of Azara, v. 61 
noctule, V. 89 
nycteris, of Java, v. 80 
nyctophilus, of GeofTroy, v. 86 
obscure, ii. 128 
of Carolina, ii. 143 
ordinary, ii. 13 
perforated taphozous, v. 82 
Peruvian, v. 67 
Peruvian, var. j3. v. 67 
pit-nosed, v. 77 
pit-nosed rhinoloph, v. 77 
Porto Rico, V. 97 
pouch, V. 82 
proboscis bull-dog, v. 63 
pygmy vespertilio, v. 91 
red bull-dog, v. 68 
reddish, v. 67 
reddish -brown, ii. 126 
Redman's monophyllus, v. 85 
rhinopome, of Carolina, v. 81 
rough-haired nycteris, v. 79 
rough-tailed, ii. 154 ; v. 90 
round-leaved phyllostome, v. 70 
scotophilus, of Kuhl. v. 84 
second, of Azara, v. 70 
Senegal, ii. 154 ; v. 90 
sevotine, v. 88. 
seventh, of Azara, v. 96 
short-eared English, v. 88 
sixth, of Azara, v. 62 
slender-tailed, v. 82 
sloped-eared, ii. 153 
small-leaved rhinopome, v. 80 
smoky bull-dog, v. 63 
sparred, v. 98 

spear-leafed phyllostome, v. 69 
spear-nosed, ii. 9 



Bat, spectacle, ii. 127 ; v. 69 

spectre, v. 71 

striped, ii. 128 ; v. 90 

streaked phyllostome, v. 70 

tailed glossophag, v. 73 

tailless diphylla, v. 85 

tailless glossophag, v. 73 

taphozous, of Mauritius, v. 82 

taphozous, of Senegal, v. 81 

Temminck's vespertilio, v. 92 

tenth, of Azara, v. 62 

Ternate, ii. 108 

third, of Azara, v. 70 

tiled, v. 93 

Timor, ii. 154; v. 98 

trident rhinoloph, v, 77 

twelfth, of Azara, v. 96 

ursine bull-dog, v. 63 

vampyre, v. 71 

veiled-eared, v. 98 

vespertilio of Isid. St. Hiliere, 
V. 91 

white-bellied bull-dog, v. 68 
Bathyergus, iii. 79. 164 ; v. 241 

Capensis, v. 242 

Maritimus, v. 242 

Cape, v. 242 

coast, V. 242 
Bats, ii. 3 ; V. 54 

common, ii. 13 
Bear, Arctic, v. 112 

ash-coloured sea, v. 183 

black, V. 112 

black, of America, ii. 27. 224 ; 

V. 112 
black, of Europe, ii. 27. 222 ; 

V. Ill 
brown, v. Ill 

brown, of Europe, ii. 26. 217 
brown, of the Alps, ii. 217 
brown, of Norway, ii. 217 
cinnamon, ii. 229 ; v. 112 
common, v. Ill 
common European, v. Ill 
common sea, v. 182 
crowned sea, v. 182 
European black, v. Ill 
gray, v. 113 
grisly, ii. 229; v. 112 
honey, ii. 269 

Hudson's Bay, of Brisson, v. 117 
long-lipped, V. 113 
Malay, v. 113 
New Holland, v. 197 
Peron's sea, v. 182 
polar, ii. 232; v. 112 
sea, ii. 59. 509 
Thibet, V. 113 
thick-lipped, ii. 239 



MAMMALIA. 



Bear, yellow, v. 112 

yellow, of Carolina, ii. 228 
yellowish sea, v. 183 
white, ii. 28 
Bears, ii. 26 

Beast, great-toothed, ii. 60 
Beaver, iii. 101 ; v. 207 
Canadian, iii. 105 
musk, V. 209 

of France, v. 208 
white, V. 208 
Beejoo, ii. 280 
Beest, bastard wilde, v. 369 

wilde, V. 368 
Beings, of living, i. 11 

organized into animals and ve- 
getables, i. 24 
Belette, v. 121 

des niges, v. 121 
Belluo, i. Ix. Ixxvii. 
Beluga, iv. 437. 457 ; v. 385 
Belzebuth, Le, v. 24 
Benawi, v. 146 
Bentourong, v. 160 
Berg-liaas, iii. 165 
Bhain, v. 372 
Biche de Barallon, v. 318 

des Bois, v. 318 
Bievre, le, v. 208 
Bimana, i. Ixxvii. 82 ; v. 3 
Binturong, ii. 417 
Birds, i. Ixii. 
Bison, iv. 29. 398 ; v. 373 

American, iv. 401 ; v. 374 

broad-headed fossil, iv. 410 

of America, iv. 29 
Bisontine group, iv. 395 
Bisulca, i. Ixxix. 
Blaireau, v. 116 

du Cap, V. 123 

puant, V. 118 
Blanc nez, Le, v. 13 
Blauwbockje, v. 348 
Bleekbock, iv. 251 ; v. 342 
Boar, African, v. 289 

^Ethiopian, v. 289 

masked, iii. 407 ; v. 288 
Bobac, iii. 81. 169 ; v. 244 
Bobak, V. 244 
Bock, 

blauw, v. 324 

bless, v. 330 

bos, V. 351 

bosch, V. 350, 351 

ceinse, v. 326 

duiker, iv. 264, 265 ; v. 346 

genise, v. 353 

grys, V. 341 

kleene, v. 348 



Bock, prouk, v. 331 

riet, V. 337 

riet rhee, v. 339 

spring, V. 331 

steen, v. 340 

stein, V. 356 

vlackte steen, v. 341 
Boeuf de haut cru, iv. 424 

de nature, iv. 424 

musque, v. 370 
Boggo, i. 219 ; v. 21 
Bokkol, iii. 187 ; V. 256 
Bondar, v. 155 
Bonnet-chinois, v. 17 
Bos, iv. 28. 376 ; v. 370 

Americanus, iv. 29. 401 ; v. 374 

arnee, v. 372 

ami, iv. 388 

bison, iv. 29. 398 ; v. 373 

bombifrons, iv. 410 

bubalis, iv. 31.392; v. 372 

cafiFer, iv. 31. 384 ; v. 371 

gaurus, iv. 399 ; v. 373 

gavseus, iv. 406 ; v. 375 

grunniens, iv. 30 ; v 375 

latifrons, iv. 410 

moschatus, iv. 31 ; v. 370 

pegasus, iv. 386 ; v. 371 

poephagus, iv. 404 ; v. 374 

scoticus, V. 376 

sylhetamis, v. 375 

taurus, iv. 28. 418; v. 370 

urus, iv. 29. 414; v. 376 

urus scoticus, iv. 417 
Boschbock, iv. 272 ; v. 350 
Boselaphine group, iv. 354 
Boselaphus, v. 364 
Bouquetin, iv. 24 ; v. 356 

de Nepal, v. 353 
Bovidse, v. 367 
Bradypoda, i. Ixxv. 
Bradypus, iii. 252. 266 ; v. 274 

didactylus, iii. 254. 275 ; v. 275 

torquatus, iii. 277 

tridactylus, iii. 258. 271 ; v. 274 

ursinus, iii. 254 ; v. 113 

with a collar, iii. 277 
Branchiostegi, i. Ixvi. 
Braque, v. 139 

de Bengal, v. 139 
Brocket, apara, iv. 141 ; v. 318 

bira, iv. 142; v. 319 

pita, iv. 140; v. 318 
Brourong, ii. 239 
Brimo, ii. 71 ; v. 197 
Brula, i. Ix. 
Bubale, V. 362 
Bubaline group, iv. 378 
Bubalis, iv. 18.347; v. 362 



INDEX. 



Bubalis of the ancients, iv. 18 

Bubalus, V. 371 

Bucher Abiad, El. v. 328 

Buffalo, iv. 29 ; v. 3/4 

Cape, iv. 30. 384; v. 371 
domestic, iv. 392 ; v. 372 
with horse's-tail, iv. 30 

Buffle, V. 372 

Buflus, V. 372 

Buga, V. 308 

Bukrus, V. 327 

Bulan, V. 304 

Bull, wild, V. 376 

Busan, v. 372 

Butskopf, iv. 459 : v. 384 

Buwol, V. 372 

Caama, iv. 18. 348; v. 362 
Cabasson, iii. 257 

deuxieme, iii. 258 
Cabaya, v. 271 
Cabiai, iii. 93 ; v. 270 
Cabiais, iii. 93 
Cabree, v. 323 
Cacajao, i. 318; v. 37 
Cachalot, d'Anderson, v. 384 

grand, v. 388 

macrocephale, v. 388 

microps, v. 388 

svinewal, iv. 469 

trumpo, iv. 468 

cylindrical, iv. 469 

furrowed, v. 389 

great-headed, v. 388 

small-eyed, v. 388 
Cachalots, iv. 439. 464 
Cachicame, iii. 257 ; v. 276 
Ccelogenus, iii. 95. 247; v. 273 

fulous, V. 273 

subniger, v. 273 
Cagui minor, v. 38 
Caimiri, v. 33 
Calf, sea, v. 176 
Callithrix, i. 339. 348 ; v. 33 

amictus, v. 33 

capucinus, v. 32 

incanescens, v. 34 

infulatus, v. 34 

lugens, V. 33 

melanochir, v. 31 

moloch, V. 34 

personata, v. 33 

sciureus, v. 33 

torquatus, v. 34 
Callitriche, v. 14 

jeune, v. 14 
Callitrix, i. 212. 263 

collared, v. 34 
Calocephale, v. 176 



Calocephale discolor, v. 177 
Cambing, Ootan, iv. 277 ; v. 352 
Cambtan, v. 352 
Camel, Arabian, iv. 49 ; v. 298 

bactrian, iv. 48 ; v. 297 

with one bunch, iv. 5 

with two bunches, iv. 5 
Camelidae, v. 297 
Camelopardalis, iv. 14 ; v. 321 

giraffa, iv. 15. 150 ; v. 321 
Camels, iv. 3. 37 
Camelus, iv. 3. 37 ; v. 297 

Arabia, v. 298 

araucanus, v. 300 

Bactrise, v. 298 

Bactrianus, iv. 5. 48 ; v. 297 

Dromedarius, iv. 5. 49 ; v 
298 

glama, v. 299 

huanaco, v. 299 

huanacus, iv. 55 ; v. 299 

Indicus, V. 321 

laniger, v. 300 

Llama, iv. 6. 53 

paco, iv. 157 ; v. 299 

■vicugna, iv. 6. 58 ; v. 300 
Campagnol, iii. 68. v. 

dore, V. 211 

economic, iii. 112 

Florida, v. 214 

garden, v. 213 

marsh, v. 213 

meadow, iii. 68 

of Pennsylvania, v. 214 

roux, V. 211 

volant, V. 80 
Campagnols, iii. 66. 109 
Campagnon, v. 211 
Caniche, v. 138 
Canis, ii. 39. 317 ; v. 133 

^gyptiacus, v. 150 

alopex, ii. 43. 364 ; v. 147 

Anglicus, ii. 339 

antarcticus, v. 145 

anthus, ii. 339 ; v. 147 

aquaticus, ii. 334 

aquaticus, aviarius, v. 138 

argentatus, ii. 368 ; v. 148 

aureus, ii. 42; v. 145 

avicularius, ii. 33.5 

barbarus, v. 146 

brevipilis, ii. 333 

cancrivorus, v. 145 

cerdo, ii. 45 ; v. 152 

cinereo argentatus. ii. 44, 365 
V. 148 

corsac, ii. 44 : v. 149 

crocuta, ii. 49; v. 162 

crucigera, v. 147 



MAMMALIA. 



C'anis culpaeus, v. 145 

decussatus, ii. 370; v. 149 
domesticus, ii. 330 
extrarius, ii. 332 
famiiiaris, ii. 40; v. 133 

^gyptius, V. 143 
Americanus, v. 140 
Andalusiee, v. 143 
Anglicus, V, 141 
aquaticus, v. 138 
AustralasisB, v. 134 
avicularius, v. 139 
Bengalensis, v. 139 
Borealis, v. 140 
Britanniciis, v. 142 
Danicus, v. 135 
domesticus, v. 139 
extrarius, v. 136 
fricator, v. 142 
Gallicus, V. 138 
Grajus, v. 135 
hybridus, v. 142 
Islandicus, v. 142 
laniarius, v. 134 
leoninus, v. 137 
minor, v. 138 
Molossus, V. 141 
Pomeranus, v. 140 
Sibiricus, v. 140 
Sumatrensis, v. 134 
variegatus, v. 142 
vertagus, v. 139 

fulvus, V. 150 

Graius, ii. 328 

hyaena, ii. 49 ; v. IGl 

hyeenomelas, v. ICl 

jubatus, V. 144 

karagan, v. 149 

lagopus.ii. 44. 370; v. 148 

laniarius, ii. 328 

leoninus, ii. 334 

lupus, ii. 41 ; v. 144 

Lycaon, ii. 42 ; v. 144 

Lycaon, var. v. 148 

Americana, v. 144 

megalotis, ii. 372 ; v. 152 

mesomelas, ii. 45. 371 ; v. 14G 

Mexicanus, ii. 42; v. 145 

Molossus, ii. 336 

Niloticus, ii. 365 ; v. 130 

pantherinus, v. 139 

pictus, V. 151 

pomeranus, ii. 331 

sagax, ii. 334 

Sibiricus, ii. 331 

thous, V. 145 

tricolor, v. 151 

velong, V. 150 

vertagus, ii. 336 
Ciiv, Indev. 



Canis virginianus, v. 150 

volans maxima aurito, v. 71 

vulpes, ii. 43 ; v. 147 

zerda, v. 1 52 
Canna, iv. 21. 337; V- 365 
Capistrate, iii. 178; v. 253 
Capiygoua, iii. 93 
Capparo, v. 26 
Capra, iv. 23. 294; v. 355 

aegagrus, iv. 23. 303 ; v. 357 

Ammon, v. 359 

Caucasica, iv. 25. 302 : 357 

depressa, iv. 310 

hircus, iv. 24. 305 ; v. 357 

Ibex, iv. 24. 300 ; v. 356 

Jaela, iv. 301 ; 355 

Jemlahica, iv. 308 : v. 358 

merga, v. 346 

mdschi, v. 301 

rupicapra, v. 353 

sylvestris Africana, v. 347 
Caprea, v. 314 
Capreoline group, iv. 121 
Capreolus, v. 313 

dorcas, v. 314 
Capricerva paseng, v. 357 
Caprid£B, v. 322 
Caprine group, iv. 155 
Capuchin of the Orinoco, i. 310. 
Capucin de I'Orinoque, v. 36 
Capward, v. 270 
Capybara, iii. 93. 232 ; v. 270 

Brasiliensibus, v. 270 
Capygona, v. 270 
Cara, rayada, v. 35 
Caracal, ii. 54. 490; v. 173 

a longue queue, v. 173 

of Algiers, v. 173 

of Bengal, v. 1 73 

of Nubia, v. 173 
Caraya, i. 222. 301 ; v. 28 
Carcajou, ii. 274; v. 116 
Cariacou, v. 317 
Cariblanco, v. 32 
Caribou des Bois, iv. 83 ; v. 305 
great, v. 305 

Labrador, v. 305 
Polar, V. 305 
Carigueia, ii, 63. v. 187 
Cariquebein, v. 118 
Carnassiers, ii. 1 . 53 

first family of the, ii. 2. 
suppl. to the, ii. 79 
Carnivora, i. Ixxvii. ; ii. 23 ; v. Ill 

Suppl. to the, ii. 217 
Carpon, v. 223 
Caruiri, v. 38 
Castor, iii. 63. 101 ; v. 207 
fiber, iii. 64 : v. 20? 
C 



10 



INDEX. 



Castor nioschatus, ii. 185 ; v. 105 

of Canada, iii. 64 

zibethicus, iii. 67- v. 208 
Cat, Angora, ii. 489; v. 173 

Bisaam, ii. 46 

black, ii. 486 

black-footed, v. 172 

brinded, ii. 489 

Cape, V. 170 

Cape, ofForster, ii. 46; v. I70 

chartreuse, ii. 489 ; v. 1 7- 

common, ii. 54. 487 

common, wild, v. 172 

Diard's Java, v. I7I 

domestic, ii. 489 ; v. 172 

Javan, ii. 482 

liver-coloured, v. 166 

mountain, v. 175 

negre, ii. 486 

New Spain, v. 173 

Pageros, ii. 486; v. I70 

Pampa, ii. 486; v. I70 

pendant-eared, ii. 489 

pennich, v. 299 

Pensa, ii. 489 

Persian, ii. 489 

red, of Tobolsk, ii. 489 

Spanish, v. 1 72 

tiger, ii. 481 

tiger, of Collinson, v. 175 

tortoiseshell, ii. 487 

waved, v. I7I 

wild, V. 172 
Catin, v. 375 
Catoblepas, iv. 366 ; v. 367 

Brooksii, iv. 372 ; v. 369 

gnu, iv. 367 ; V. 368 

gorgon, iv. 371 ; v. 369 

taurina, iv. 369 ; v. 368 
Catodon, v. 388 

macrocephalus, iv. 468 
Cats, ii. 49 

flying, ii. 14 
Caudrieu, v. 382 
Cavia, iii. 93 

acuchi, iii. 94 

acuschy, v. 272 

aguti, iii. 94 ; v. 27I 

aperea, v. 271 

capensis, v. 292 

capybara, iii. 93 ; v. 270 

cobai Brasiliensibus, v. 271 

cobaia, v. 270 

cristata, v. 272 

Hudsonicus, v. 263 

paca, iii. 95 

Patachonica, v. 272 

subniger, iii. 247 
Cavicornian family, iv. 154 



Cavy, bristly, v. 293 

capybara, v. 270 

long-nosed, v. 271 

olive, V. 272 

Patagonian, iii. 243; v. 272 

restless, v. 271 

rock, v. 27] 

variegated, v. 271 
Cayopollin, ii. 65 ; iii. 32; v. 188 
Cazoure, v. 280 
Cebus, i. 221. 339.349; v. 28 

albifrons, v. 31 

albus, v. 29 

apella, v. 28 

apella, var. v. 30 

barbatus, v. 29 

capucinus, v. 32 

cirrifer, v. 32 

fatuellus, V. 31 

flavus, V. 30 

frontatus, v. 29 

fulvus, V. 30 

griseus, v. 29 

hypoleucus, v. 32 

lunatus, V. 31 

moloch, V. 34 

niger, v. 30 

robustus, V. 28 

satanus, v. 35 

trepidus, v. 30 

variegatus, v. 30 

xantliosternos, v. 31 
Celaeno, v. 83 

Brooksiana, v. 83 
Centenes, ii. 21 ; v. 109 

semispinosus, v. 109 

setosus, V. 109 

spinosus, V. 1C9 
Cephalophus, v. 344 
Cephalopine group, iv. 258 
Cephalote, Pallas's, v. 59 

Peron's, ii. 6 ; v. 59 
Cephalotes, ii. 112; v. 59 
Cercocebus, v. 14 

sethiops, v. 1 6 

atys, V. 16 

cynocephalus, v. 18 

cynomolgos, v. 18 

cynosurus, v. 14 

fuliginosus, v. 15 

griseo viridis, v. 15 

pygerythrseus, v. 1 5 

radiatus, v. 17 

Sabaeus, v. 14 

Sinicus, v. 17 
Cercoleptes, ii. 29; v. 115 
Cercopithecus, i. 210. 339. 348 ; v. 11. 
20 

yEthiopicus,i. 261 



MAMMALIA. 



11 



Cercopithecus, albocinereus, v. 14 

auritus, i. 277; v. 11 

barbatus, i. 212 

cephus, V, 12 

Diana, v. 13 

entellus, v. 10 

fuliginosus, i. 261 

gviseo viridis, v. 15 

larvatus, v. 9 

latibarbatus, i. 277 ; v. 1 1 

maurus, v. 9 

mona, v. 12 

nasica, i. 350 

nictitans, v. 12 

niger, v. 13. 23 

petaurista, v. 13 

pileatus, v. 12 

pygerythroeus, v. 15 
'' ruber, v. 13 

Sabaeus, v. 14 

talapoin, v. 11 

Zeylonicus, v. 48 
Cercou, iv. 446 
Cerf, V. 308 

blanc, V. 317 

Bois de, trouves a Etampes, v. 
306 

cochon, V. 313 

couronne, v. 304 

d' Abbeville, v. 307 

d'Etampes, v. 306 

de la Louissane, v. 315 

de Virginie, v. 315 
Cerigon, ii. 63 

Cervula parvula Africana, v. 349 
Cervidffi, v. 300 
Cervo camelus, v. 299 
Cervus, iv. 66 ; v. 303 

alces, iv. 9. 72 ; v. 303 
Americanus, iv. 104 ; v. 309 
Aristotle's, v. 310 
aureus, iv. 148; v. 320 
auritus, v. 308 
axis, iv. 12. 117; v. 312 
bifurcatus, v. 323 
campestris, iv. 136; v. 317 
Canadensis, iv. 12. 96; v. 308 
capreolus, iv. 13. 124 ; v. 314 
clavatus, v. 315 
coronatus, iv. 78 ; v. 304 
dama, iv. 10. 84 ; v. 306 
elaphus, iv. 11. 90; v. 307 
equinus, iv. 112; v. 311 
giganteus, iv. 87 ; v. 306 
Graenlandicus, v. 305 
guetardi, v. 305 
liamatus, iv. 172 ; v. 323 
Hibernus, iv. 87 ; v. 306 



Cervus hippelaphus, iv. 105 ; v. 309.311 
leucogaster, v. 317 
macrotis, iv. 133; v. 316 
macrourus, iv. 134; v. 316 
major, v. 308 

Mariannus, iv. 115; v. 311 
Mazath Chichiltic, v. 355 
Mexicanus, v. 315 
mirabilis, v. 305 
moschatus, iv. 149; v. 320 
muntjac, iv. 3. 144; v. 319 
nemoralis, iv. 137; v. 317 
nemorivagus, iv. 142 ; v. 319 
occidentalis, iv. 101 ; v. 308 
palaeodama, iv. 89 ; v. 307 
palmatus, v. 305 
pahulosus, v. 316 
Peronii, iv. 114; v. 311 
Philippensis, iv. 147; v. 319 
porcinus, iv. 119 ; v. 312 
pumilio, iv. 120; v. 313 
pygarga, iv. 13. 122; v. 313 
ramosicornis, v. 315 
rangifer, v. 305 
rufus, iv. 140 ; v. 318 
simplicornis, iv. 141 ; v. 318 
somonensis, iv. 89 ; v. 307 
strongyloceros, iv. 12. 96 ; v. 

308 
subcornutus, iv. 148; v. 320 
tarandus, iv. 9. 79 ; v. 304 
unicolor, iv. 108; v. 310 
vaginalis, v. 319 
Virginianus, iv. 12. 127 ; v. 314 
Wallichii, iv. 103; v. 309 

Cetacea, i. Ixxvii. ; iv. 429 ; v. 376 
common, iv. 432 ; v. 380 
herbivorous, iv. 430 ; v. 377 
large-headed, v. 387 
Suppl. to the, iv. 445 

Cete, i. Ix. ; v. 380 

Chacdl, ii. 350; v. 145 

of Senegal, ii. 354 ; v. 147 

Chackal, Le, v. 146 

Chacma, v. 20 

Chacuro, v. 38 

Chselopus, iii. 275 ; v. 275 

Chameau, v. 298 

du I'erou, v. 299 

Chameck, i. 222 ; v. 25 

Chamois, iv. 22. 281 ; v. 353 
Cape, iv. 19 
Persian, v. 353 

Chat bizaani, v. 154 
cervier, v. 174 
marin, v. 182 
pageros, v. 1 70 
pampa, v. 1 70 

c 2 



12 



INDEX. 



Chat pard, v. 167 

sauvage, v. 172 

sauvage a bandes noiies des 
Indes, V. 155 

sauvage Indien, v. 171 
Chad, ii. 480 ; v. 169 
Chauve souris, v. 88 

souris, autre, v. 80 

souris d'Egypte, v. 81 

souris de la Vallee d'Ylo, v. 6'7 

souris etrangere, v. 90 
Cheirogaleus, i. 230 ; v. 50 

large, v. 50 

medius, v. 50 

minor, v. 50 
Cheiromales, v. 66 

torquatus, v. 66 

collared, v. 66 
Cheiromys, iii. 86. 196 ; v. 51 

Daubentonii, v. 51 

Madagascariensis, v. 51 
Cheironectes, ii. 66; iii. 34 ; v. 191 

Memiiia, v. 191 

Yapock, iii. 35 ; v. 191 
Clieiroptera, i. Ixxvi. Ixxvii. ; ii. 2 ; v. 53 

Suppl. to the, ii. 84 
Cheloniscus, v. 276 
Chetah, ii. 470; v. 166 
Chevre cossus, iv. 310 

Imbrebe, iv. 310 
Chevreuil, v. 314 

de Tartaric, V. 313. 

des Indes, v. 319 
Chevrotain a peau marque, de taches 
blanches, v. 302 

de Guinea, v. 349 

de Java, v. 302 
Chibi-gouazou, v. 167 
Chichiltic, iv. 291 ; v. 354 
Chickara, iv. 254 ; v. 354 
Chien, v. 133 

Burgos, v. 139 

canard, v. 138 

courant, v. 138 

crabier, v. 141 

d' Alicante, v. 143 

d'Artois, v. 143 

de Berger, v. 140 

de Cayenne, v. 143 

d'Islande, v. 142 

des Bois de Cayenne, v. 145 

des Esquimaux, v. 140 

dogue de forte race, v. 141 

griffon, v. 138 

Islois, V. 143 

lillois, v. 143 

lion, v. 137 

loup, V, 1 to 



Chien quatre vingts, v. 143 

roquet, v. 142 

turc, V. 143 

ture a criniere, v. 144 

volant, V. 55. 57 
Chlamyphorus, v. 283 

truncatus, v. 283 
Chloromys, iii. 94. 241 ; v. 271 
Choak kama, v. 20 
Chondropterygii, i. Ixvi. 
Choras, i. 219; v. 21 
Choro, V. 27 

Chorock, ii. 291 ; v. 122 
Chrysochlore, ii. 192 

Cape, ii. 192; v. 107 

of the Cape, ii. 30 
Chrysochloris, ii. 20 ; v. 107 

Capensis, v. 107 
Chuva, v. 25 
Cirquineou, v. 275 
Cirquirisa, iii. 257 
Citillus, v. 246 
Civet, ii. 46. 379 ; v. 152 

de Malacca, ii. 46 
Civets, ii. 45 
Civetta, v. 153 
Civette, v. 153 

de Java, petite, v. 155 

de Malacca, v. 1 54 
Chadobates ferruginea, v. 52. 1 60 
Coagga, iii. 464 
Coaita, i. 223 ; v. 24 

a ventre blanc, v. 25 

black, V. 24 

black handed, v. 25 

fawn-coloured, i. 223 

white-bellied, i. 223 

with bordered face, i. 223 
Coala, V. 205 
Coasse, v. 127 
Coati, V. 115 

brown, ii. 29 ; v. 1 15 

Mondi, v. 1 ] 5 

red, ii. 29. 253; v. 114 

roux, v. 115 
Coatis, ii. 29. 253 
Cobaya, iii. 234 ; v. 270 
Cobayas, iii. 93 
Cochon d'Eau, v. 270 

d'Inde, v. 271 

de Terre, v. 279 
Coendou, v. 263 

a longue queue, v. 264 
Coesdoes, v. 366 
Cogong, v, 369 
Coleoptera, i. Ixvii. 
Collier, Le, v. 217 
Colobus, v, 7- 



MAMMALIA. 



13 



Colobus ferruginosus, v. 8 

polycomus, v. 7 

Temminck's, v. 8 
Colocolo, ii. 479 ; v. 169 
Colour, varieties in, i. 155 
Colugo, V. 99 

flying, V. 99 

Ternate, V.99 

varied, v. 99 
Colus, V. 356 

of Strabo, iv. 17 
Condoina, v. SGH 
Condylura, ii. 23. 208; v. 110 

cristata, v. 110 

longicaudata, v. 110 
Condylura, long-tailed, v. 1 10 

radiated, v. 110 
Conepate, v. 127, 128 
Conepatl, v. 127, 128 
Coney, v. 266 

hedge, v. 266 

small Indian, v. 271 
Coquallin, v. 253 
Coquo, iv. 327 
Cora, iv. 216; v. 333 
Corine, v. 333 

Corinne, iv. 16. 214; v. 333 
Corsac, ii. 44 ; v. 149 
Coscoes, V. 196 
Cottie, V. 273 
Cotting, iv. 340 
Couagga, iii. 344; v. 295 
Couassou, V. 318 
Coudin, V. 382 
Coudoma, iv. 21 
Coudou, V. 365 , 
Coudous, iv. 21 
Couendou, iii. 208 ; v. 263 
Cougoua, v. 163 
Cougouar, v. 163 
Couguar, ii. 52 
Coui, V. 264 
Couiy of Azara, v. 263 
Couxio, i. 318; v. 35 
Cow, Barbary, iv. 18 

grunting, iv. 30 

mountain, v. 294 

sea, ii. 60 ; iv. 431 ; v. 378 
Coypus, iii. 124 ; v. 222 
Crab-eater, ii. 65 
Crabier.v. 187 
Cricetus, iii. 75. 134 ; v. 233 

anomalus, v. 236 

arenarius, v. 234 

bursarius, v. 235 

furunculus, v. 235 

laniger, v. 235 

niigratorius, v. 233 



Cricetus phseus, v. 234 

songarus, v. 234 

vulgaris, v. 233 
Croque noix, v. 221 
Cuaikare, v. 274 
Cuchumbi, ii. 265 
Cuendu, iii. 88 
Cuetlachtle, v. 145 
Cuguafuarana, ii. 436 
Culblanc, v. 359 
Culpeu, V. 145 
Cuniculus, V. 266 

Americanus, v. 271 

Bahamensis, v. 244 

Brasiliensibus, v. 271 

Indicus, v. 271 

Norwegicus, v. 215 

paca, V. 273 
Cuscus Amboinensis, v. 196 
Cynocephala, i. 217 
Cynocephalus, i. 217. 348. 351 ; v. 19, 
20,21 

Babouin, v. 20 

Hamadryas, v. 21 

leucophaeus, v. 22 

mormon, v. 21 

papio, V. 20 

porcarius, v. 20 

Wurmbii, v. 5 
Cynopterus marginatus, v. 58 



Daim, v. 306 

d'une grande taille, v. 30? 

Dama, iv. 20 ; v. 306 

fossil of Abbeville, v. 307 
fossil of Ireland, v. 306 
fossil of Scania, v. 307 
vulgaris, v. 306 

Damalis, iv. 343; v. 361 

bubalis, iv. 347 ; v. 362 
caama, iv. 348; v. 362 
canna, iv. 357; v. .365 
collared, iv. 350 ; v. 362 
lunata, iv. 352; v. 363 
oreas, iv. 355 ; v. 364 
risia, iv. 363 ; v. 366 
Senegalensis, iv. 351 ; v. 363 
strepsiceros, iv. 359 ; v. 365 
suturosa, iv. 351 ; v. 362 

Daman, iii. 337 I v. 236. 292 
Israel, v. 293 

Danois, v. 135 

le petit, v. 142 

Danta, v. 294. 327 

Dasyprocta, iii. 94. 241 ; v. 271 
acuschy, v. 272 
acuti, v. 271 



14 



INDEX. 



Dasyprocta cristata, v. 272 

Patagonica, v. 272 

viscacha, v. 272 
Dasypus, iii. 255. 283 ; v. 26U. 275 

apar, v. 275 

dasyceriis, v. 277 

duodecimcinctus, v. 277 

flavipes, v. 278 

giganteus, v. 277 

gigas, iii. 258 ; v. 277 

hybridus, v. 276 

maximus, v. 277 

minutus, v. 279 

novemcinctus, iii. 257 I v. 27G 

octocinctus, iii. 259 ; v. 27G 

octodecimcinctus, iii. 257; v. 
278 

peba, V. 276 

quadricinctus, v. 276 

septemcinctus, iii. 257 ; v. 276 

serratus, v. 276 

sexcinctus, iii. 257 ; v. 278 

tatouay, v. 277 

trachyurus, v. 276 

tricinctus, iii. 256; v. 276 

unicinctus, iii. 257 I v. 277 

villosus, V. 278 
Dasyuri, ii. 66 
Dasyure de White, v. 193 

dwarf, V. 1 94 

gutte, V. 193 

nain, v. 194 

of Mauge, v. 193 

tacliete, v. 193 
Dasyurus, ii. 66; iii. 36; v. 192 

brush- tailed, ii. 68 

cynoceplialus, v. 195 

dog-faced, iii. 36; v. 192 

dog-lieaded, ii. 67 

dwarf, ii. 68 

long- tailed, ii. 67 

macrourus, ii. 67; v. 193 

Maugei, v. 193 

minimus, v. 194 

of Mauge, ii. 68 

of White, ii. 68 

pencilled, ii. 68 

penicillatus, v. 194 

rough, ii. 67 

spotted, V. 193 

tafa, V. 194 

ursine, iii. 37 ; v. 192 

ursinus, v. 192 

viverrine, v. 193 

zebrine, iii. 36 
Dauphin a bee mince, v. 383 

beluga, V. 386 

butskopf, v- 386 



Dauphin de Commerson, v. 385 

de GeofFroy, v. 383 

de Peron, v. 384 

epaulard, v. 384 

epee, de Mer, v, 384 

gris, V. 385 

leucoramphe, v. 384 

marsouin, v. 383 
Dauw, iii. 468 ; v. 296 
Deab, v. 146 
Deba, v. 321 
Dedes, v. 153 
Deer, iv. 66 

black-tailed, v. 316 

Cariacou, iv. 137; v. 317 

common hog, v. 312 

fallow, iv. 10. 84; v. 306. 315 

fossil fallow, of Abbeville, iv. 89 

fossil rein, iv. 84 ; v. 305 

fossil Scanian fallow, iv. 89 

great-eared, iv. 133; v. 316 

Guazupuco, iv. 134; v. 316 

Guazuti, iv. 136 ; v. 317 

hog, V. 288 

jumping', V. 317 

long-tailed, iv. 134 ; v. 316 

Mexican, iv. 130 ; v. 315 

moose, iv. 9 ; v. 304 

mule, v. 308. 316 

musk, of Nepaul, v. 321 

North American rein, iv. 83 

porcine, v. 313 

red, v. 308 

rein, iv. 9. 79; v. 304 

rib-faced, v. 319 

Virginian, iv. 127; v. 315 

with a large tail, v. 316 
Degu of Molina, v. 221 
Delphinaptera, iv. 436 
Delphinapteri, iv. 457 
Delphinapterus, v. 385 

beluga, V. 386 
Delphinus, iv. 434 ; v. 380 

albicans, v. 386 

anarsak, v. 386 

Bertini, v. 383 

Boryi, v. 383 

Butskopf, V. 386 

Canadensis, v. 383 

Chemnitzianus, v. 386' 

Conimersonii, v. 384 

Dalius, V. 383 

Delphis, iv. 434. 450 ; v. 381 

edentulus, v. 386 

epiodon, v. 386 

feres, iv. 457 ; v. 383 

frontatus, iv. 457 ; v. 383 

gladiator, iv. 436. 455 ; v. 384 



MAMMALIA. 



15 



Delphinus globiceps, v. 385 

grampus, v. 384 

griseus, v. 385 

Hunteri, v. 38G 

hyperoodon, v. 38G 

Leucas, iv. 437- 457 ; v. 385 

maximus, v. 384 

Mongitori, v. 383 

nesarnak, iv. 456 ; v. 382 

niger, v. 382 

oica, iv. 436. 455 ; v. 383, 384 

Peronii, v. 384 

phocana, iv. 436 ; v. 383 

pinna in dorso nulla, v. 386 

Rissoanus, v. 385 

rostratus, iv. 435 ; v. 382 

Sinensis, v. 383 

tursio, iv. 435 ; v. 382 

ventricosus, v. 385 
Delundung, ii. 419 
Desman, ii. 185 ; v. 105 

of Russia, ii. 18. 189 

of the Pyrenees, ii. 190 ; v. 105 
Desmans, ii. 18 
Deva deve, v. 298 
Devil of the Colonist, v. 193 
Dhole, ii. 326 
Diane, la, v. 13 
Dib, v. 146 
Dicotyles, iii. 333 ; v. 289 

labiatus, iii. 334. 413 ; v. 290 

torquatus, iii. 334. 412 ; v. 289 
Dicranocerine group, iv. 167 
Dicranocerus, v. 322 
Didelphis, ii. 63 ; v. 185 

Asiatica, v. 204 

Azara, v. 186 

brachyura, ii. 66 ; iii. 30; v. 190 

Brunii, ii. 76; v. 204 

cancrivora, ii. 65 ; iii. 30; v. 187 

carcinophaga, v. 1 87 

cayopollin, ii. 65 ; v. 190 

cinerea, v. 188 

crassicaudata, v. 189 

cynocephala, ii. 67; v. 192 

doi'sigera, ii. 65; v. 189 

gigantea, ii. 75 ; v. 202 

lanigera, v. 190 

lemurina, ii. 71 ; v. 197 

macrotarsis, v. 50 

macroura, ii. 72; iii. 45 ; v. 199 

marina, ii. 66 

marsupialis, ii. 65 ; iii. 30 ; v. 
187 

muneira, iii. 32 

murina, v. 188 

myosurus, v. 189 

nudicaudata, v. 189 

obesula, v. 195 



Didelphis opossum, ii. 65; iii. 31; v. 
187 

orientalis, ii. 71 ; v. 196 

palmata, ii. 66; iii. 35; v. 191 

penicillata, ii. 68 ; v. 194 

peregrinus, v. 197 

petaurus, iii. 44 ; v. 199 

philander, ii. 65 ; v. 188 

pusilla, V. 191 

pygmea, ii. 72; iii. 44 ; v. 200 

Quica, V. 187 

sciurea, v. 200 

Sebse, v. 190 

tricolor, iii. 33 ; v. 190 

ursina, ii. 67. 78 ; v. 193 

Virginiana, ii. 64 ; iii. 24 ; v. 186 

viverrina, ii. 68; v. 193 

vulpina, ii. 71 ; iii- 41 ; v. 197 

Yapock, v. 191 
Digitigrades, ii. 33. 282; v. 119 
Dikaja kosa, v. 313 
Dilundung, v. 160 
Dingo, ii. 326; v. 134 
Diphylla, v. 84 * 

ecaudatus, v. 85 
Dipus, iii. 76 ; v. 236 

Alagtaga, v. 237 

brachyurus, iii. 149 ; v. 237 

Cafer, iii. 80. 164; v. 243 

Canadensis, v. 240 

gerbillus, v. 240 

gerboa, v. 236 

jaculus, V. 237 

jaculus var minor, v. 237 

maximus, iii. 151 ; v. 238 

minimus, v. 237 

minutus, v. 237 

pyramidum, iii. 158; v. 240 

sagitta, V. 236 

tamaricinus, v. 239 
Dishon, v. 359 
Ditylus, V. 298 
Dog, V. 133 

Albanian, ii. 327 

Alicant, v. 143 

Artois, ii. 338 ; v. 143 

Australasian, v. 134 

Barbary, v. 143 

bull, ii. 41.336; v. 141 

bull, black var. of Thibet, v. 
141 

Calabrian, v. 137 

Ceylonese, of Pennant, v. 151 

Dalmatian, v. ] 35 

Danish, ii. 40; v. 135 

domestic, ii. 40 

drover's, v. 140 

Egyptian, v. 143 

Esquimaux, ii. 3.32; v. 140 

12 



IG 



INDEX. 



Dog, French shepherd's, v. 140 

German, ii. 338 

great Danish, ii. 328 ; v. 135 

hyana, ii. 376 

Iceland, ii. 338 ; v. 142 

king Charles', ii. 333 

lion, ii. 334 ; V. 137 

little Danish, ii. 338 ; v. 142 

Maltese, ii. 334 ; v. 137 

naked, ii. 338 

Newfoundland, ii. 333 

New Holland, ii. 326 

North American, ii. 326 

Peruvian, v. 141 

Pomeranian, ii. 331 

Prairie, iii. 198; v, 248 

pug, ii. 337 ; V. 142 

sea, V. 176 

shepherd's, ii. 41. 330 ; v. 139 

shock, ii. 41 ; v. 142 

Siberian, ii. 331 ; v. 140 

spotted, V. 135 

Surinam, v. 145 

Turkish, ii. 338 

turnspit, ii. 336 

water, v. 138 

wild, ii. 376 

wild, of the East Indies, ii. 326 

wolf, ii. 41. 331 ; v. 140 
Dogs, ii. 39. 317 
Dogue, le, v. 141 
Doguin, le, v. 142 
Dolichotes vischacha, v. 272 
Dolichura, iv. 330 
Dolphin, black, v. 382 

Commerson's, v. 384 

common, iv. 434. 450 ; v. 381 

fronted, v. 383 

great, iv. 435 ; v. 382 

of Commerson, iv. 457 

of Honfleur, v. 386 

of Peron, iv. 457 ; v. 384 

round-headed, v. 385 

slender-beaked, iv. 435 ; v. 382 
Dolphins, iv. 434. 450 
Dorcas, v. 332 
Dormice, iii. 71 ; v. 219. 221 

African, v. 221 

common, iii. 122; v. 220 

fat, iii. 118; v. 220 

garden, iii. 122; v. 220 

gilt-tailed, v. 218 

greater, v. 220 

murine, v. 221 
Douc, i. 214. 276; v. 8, 9 
Douroucouli, i. 313 ; v. 35 
Dril, V. 22 
Dromedaire, v. 298 
Dreron, iv. 17; v. 336 



Dugong, iv. 432. 446 ; v. 379 

of the Indian Sea, v. 379 

Duns, Suffolk, iv. 423 

Dysopes, ii. 7 ; v. 86 
mops, v. 86 

Dzeren, iv. 17. 229 ; v. 336 

Dziggetai, iii. 342. 459 

Dziggtai, V. 295 



Echidna, iii. 263.314; v. 283 

bristly, v. 284 

hystrix, iii. 264 ; v. 284 

setosa, iii. 264 ; v. 284 

spiny, v. 284 

bristly, iii. 264 

spiny, iii. 264 
Echidnes, iii. 263 
Echimys.iii. 70.117; v. 217 

bristly, v. 219 

Cayenne, v. 219 

chrysurus, v. 218 

cristatus, v. 218 

dactylinus, v. 218 

d'Egypte, v. 2S3 

didelphoides, v. 219 

gilt-tailed, v. 218 

hispidus, V. 219 

long-toed, v. 218 

perchal, v. 232 

red, iii. 71- 117; v. 218 

rough-haired, v. 219 

setosus, v. 219 

spinosus, V. 218 

with a golden tail, iii. 70 
Ecureil a masque, v. 253 

blanc de Siani, v. 252 

de la cote de IMalabar, grand, v. 
250 

de Madagascar, v. 250 

eclatant, v. 260 

rouge, V. 254 

toupays, V. 257 

volant de Siberie, v. 259 
Edentata, i. Ixxvii ; iii. 251 ; v. 273 

common, iii. 255 

suppl. to the, iii. 266 
Effodientia, i. Ixxix. 
Egin, v. 298 
Egret, i. 216 
Einhorn, v. 387 
Eira, ii. 486 
El Bucher el Achmer, v. 325 

walrush, v. 327 
Elan, iv. 9. 12 ; v. 303 
Eland, bastard, v. 365 

Gazelle, v. 365 
Elant, V. 311 
Elaphine group, iv. 90 



MAMMALIA. 



17 



Elaphocamelas, v. 299 

Elaphus, V. 307 

Elch, V. 304 

Elements, combination of chemical, i. 

28 
Eland, iv. 9 ; v. 304 
Elephant, iii. 325 

African, iii. 327. 349 ; v. 286 

Anson's sea, v. 180 

Asiatic, iii. 346 

Byron's sea, v. 181 

Indian, iii. 326 ; v. 286 

Patagonian sea, v. 180 

sea, ii. 58; v. 180. 184 
Elephas, iii. 325 ; v. 285 ' 

Africanus, iii. 327 i v. 286 

Capensis, v. 286 

Indicus, iii. 326 ; 286 

maximus, v. 286 
Elk, iv. 9. 12, 72 ; v. 303. 308. 310 

American, v. 308 

Cape, iv. 12 

crowned, iv. 78 ; v. 304 

fossil, iv. 87 ; V. 309 

fossil, of Ireland, v. 306 

Irish, V. 306 

round-horned, v. 308 
Emmema, iv. 326 
Emgalo, V. 289 
Empabunga, v. 325 
Empacasse, v. 372 
Empaguessa, v. 372 
Empalanga, v. 325 
Empalunga, v. 325 
Ena, V. 337 

Encoubert, iii. 257 ; v. 278 
Engalo, V. 289 
Engry, v. 331 
Enhydra, v. 132 

marina, v. 132 
Entelle, v. 10 

Entellus, i. 210. 259. v. 10 
Epaulard, v. 384 
Equus, iii. 340; v. 294 

asinus, iii. 343. 461 ; v, 295 

bisulus, iv. 53 ; v. 30.3 

Brasiliensis, v. 296 

caballus, iii. 341. 439 ; v. 294 

Hemionus, iii. 342. 459 ; v. 295 

Hemionus, Dziggtai dictus, v. 
295 

manius, v. 185 

montanus, iii. 467 ; v. 296 

quaccha, iii. 344. 464 

quagga, iii. 464 ; v. 295 

zebra, iii. 343. 465 ; v. 295 
Erethizon, v. 263 

Buffonii, v. 263 

dorsatum, v. 263 
Cuv. Index. 



Erinaceus, ii. 61. 162; v. 100 

auritus, ii. 16. 162; v. 101 
ecanthurus, v. 109 
ecaudatus, ii. 21 ; v. 109 
Europaeus, ii. 16. 168; v. 100 
inauris, ii. I7I ; v. 101 
Malaccensis, ii. 170 
semispinosus, ii. 21 ; v. 109 
setosus, ii. 21. 207; v. 109 
Sibericus, ii. 171 ; v. 101 
tanrec, v. 109 

Ermine, ii. 35; v. 122 

Eteocles semispinosus, v. 1 10 

Eucritus, v. 263 

Euryceros, v. 306 

Exquima, i. 212; v. 13 

Eyra, v. I7I 



Fegoule, le, V. 210 

Felander, v. 204 1 

Felis, ii. 49. 421 ; v. 162 

aurata, v. 206 

borealis, v. 206 

caligata, v. 206 

Canadensis, ii. 53 ; v. 174 

Capensis, v. 167. 170. 206 

caracal, ii. 54. 490; v. 173, 
206 

catenata, ii. 478 ; v. 168 

catus, ii. 54; v. 172 

catus Angorensis, v. 172 

catus cceruleus, v. 172 

catus ferus, v. 172 

catus Hispanicus, v. 172 

maculatus, v. 172 

celidogaster, v. 206 

cervaria, v. 206 

chalybeata, ii. 473 ; v. 166. 
175 

chati, V. 169 

chaus, ii. 54. 491 ; v. I73. 206 

chibi gouazou, v. 167 

colocolo, V. 169 

concolor, ii. 436 ; v. 163 

Diardi, ii. 484; v. 171 

discolor, ii. 52 

eyra, v. I7I 

guttata, V. 166. 175 

Lybicus, v. 173 

jaguar, v. 164 

jaguarondi, ii. 54 

jaquaramdi, v. 206 

Javanensis, v. I7O 

jubata, ii. 52. 470; v. 166 

leo, ii. 50; v. 162. 206 

leopardus, ii. 52 ; v. 165.206 

lynx, ii. 53 ; v. 174 

macrocelis, v. 206 
D 



18 



INDEX. 



Felis macroura, ii. 478; v. 168. 200 
manicvilata, v. 206 
manul, v. 175 
margay, v. 169 
melas, ii. 53 
miciocelis, v. 164 
mitis, V. 168.206 
nebulosa, ii. 453 ; v. 1 64 
nigra, v. 171 
nigripes, ii. 489; v. 172 
obscura, v. 171 
ocelot, ii. 475 ; v. 168 
oiifa, ii. 51 ; v. 164. 206 
pageros, v. 170 
pardalis, ii. 53 ; v. 167.206 
paidus, ii. 51 ; v. 165. 206 
pardus antiquorum, v. 165 
(Priodonta) gracilis, v. 160 
puma, V. 206 
rufa, ii. 53; v. 174. 206 
s serval, ii. 54.481 ; v. 167.206 

Sumatrana, ii. 484 ; v. I7I 
tigrina, ii. 482; v. 206 
tigris, ii. 50; v. 163. 206 
varia, v. 175 
uncia, ii. 469 ; v. 166 
undata, V. I7I 
venatica, v. 166 
volans ternatea, v. 100 
Wiedii, v. 169 
Yagouaroundi, v. 170 
Fennec, i. 332 ; ii. 45. 372 ; v. 152 
Bruce's, v. 152 
Laland's, v. 151 
Fennecus Brucii, v. 152 
Fer k cheval, grand, v. 76 
Fer de lance, ii. 9 ; v. 69 

grand, ii. 127; v. 70 
Ferret, ii. 34. 287; v. 120 
Java, V. 121 
Javanese, ii. 288 
Feuille, La, v. 73. 75 
Fiber, iii. 66 ; v. 208 

zibethicus, v. 208 
Finnfisch, iv. 443 
Fisch, fin, v. 391 

Jupiter, V. 391 
Knoten, v. 390 
Swerd, v. 384 
Fishtail, V. 360 
Flacuatzin, v. 263 
Fledermaus, blasse, v. 88 

speck, V. 88 
Foadh, V. 161 

Foca a ventre bianco, v. 179 
Fossane, ii. 390; v. 154 

of Madagascar, ii. 47 
Fouin, V. 123 
Fouine, ii. 36 ; v, 124 



Fouine de la Guyane, v. 117 
Foutereau, ii. 3? 
Fox, V. 147 

American cross, v. 149 

Antarctic, v. 145 

Arctic, ii. 370 ; v. 148 

Bengal, v. 151 

black, ii. 44 

blue, ii. 44 

Brant, v. 147 

Cape, ii. 45. 371 

Chili, V. 145 

coal, ii. 43 

common, ii. 43. 361 

Corsac, v. 149 

cross, ii. 43. 370 ; v. 149 

Egyptian, v. 150 

fulvous-necked, v. 148 

grey, v. 148. 150 

Karagan, v. 1 49 

red, V. 150 

red, of Bartram, v. 151 

silver, v. 148 

silvery, ii. 44. 368 

small yellow, ii. 44 

sooty, V. 151 

tri-eoloured, ii. 44. 365 ; v. 148 

variable, ii. 371 

Virginian, v. 150 
Foxes, ii. 43. 361 
Furet, v. 117. 120 
Furunculus myoides, v. 235 



Galago, v. 48. 50 

crassicaudatus, i. 230 ; v. 49 

Demidoffii, v. 49 

Demidoff's, i. 230 ; v. 49 

GeofFroyii, v. 49 

grand, v. 49 

great, i. 230 ; v. 49 

Guiniensis, v. 49 

little, V. 48 

Madagascariensis, v. 48 

murinus, i. 332 

of Madagascar, i. 332 

of Senegal, i. 332; v. 49 

Senegalensis, i. 230 ; v. 49. 

Ternatensis, V. 99 

variegatus, v. 99 

with a tufted tail, i. 332 
Galagos, i. 229. 330 
Galeopitheci, ii. 14 
Galeopithecus, ii. 14. 156; v. 99 

red, ii. 158 

rufus, v. 99 

varied, ii. 158 

variegatus, v. 99 
Galeopitheque roux, v. 99 



MAMMALIA. 



19 



Galera, ii. 278; v. 117. 126. 157 

Gaour, v. 374 

Garangan, ii. 398 

Gasella, v. 329 

Gaucohi, v. 310 

Gaur, iv. 399 ; v. 373 

Gauvera, v. 375 

Gauzen, v. 310 

Gaw dashti, v. 375 

Gawzan, v. 367 

Gayal, iv. 406 ; v. 375 

Gazel, V. 332 

Gazelle, iv. 16; v. 332 

pouched, iv. 17 
Gazelline group, iv. 200 
Geldowesi, v. 298 
Gemel gemel, v. 298 
Genet, v. 154 

var. , V. 1 54 

banded, v. 155 

common, ii. 46 

hyaena, ii. 390 

Indian, v. 155 

of Barbary, ii. 387 

of the Cape, ii. 46 
. Genets, ii. 46. 387 
Genetta, ii. 46; v. 153 

bondar, v. 155 

fasciata, v. 155 

fossa, V. 154 

GeoiFroyii, v. 154 

Indica, v. 155 

vulgaris, v. 154 
Genette, v. 154 

de France, v. 154. 159 

du Cap, v. 154 

Geoffroy's, v. 154 
Geomys, v. 235 

cinereus, v. 235 
Georychus, iii. 68 ; v. 242 
Gerbil, Canadian, v. 240 

Egyptian, v. 240 

Indian, v. 239 

Labrador, v. 240 

Tamarisk, v. 239 

Torrid, v. 239 
Gerbillus, iii. 153; v. 238 

iEgyptius, iii. 158 ; v. 240 

Canadensis, v. 240 

conurus, v. 241 

Daviesii, v. 240 

Hudsonius, v. 241 

Indicus, iii. 156; v. 230 

Labradorius, v. 240 

megalops, v. 241 

Meridianus, iii. 157 ; v. 239 

of Canada, iii. 159 

soricinus, iii. 159; v. 241 

tamaricinus, v. 239 



I Gerbo, iii. 143 ; v. 236 
Gerboa, iii. 77- 140 ; v. 236 
African, iii. 157 
brachyura, iii. 149 
Canadian, iii. 159 
great, iii. 151 
little, iii. 149 
major, v. 243 
tamarisk, iii. 155 
woolly, V. 50 
Gerboise, v. 236 
Gibbar, iv. 443 ; v. 390 
Gibbon, i. 258 ; v. 5 

active, i. 258 ; v. ^ 
agilis, i. 258 

ash-coloured, i. 209. 254 
black, i. 208 
cendre, v. 6 
little, V. 6. 
ounko, V. 7 
petit, V. 6 
silvery, i. 209 
Giraffa, iv. 14. 150; v. 321 

camelopardalis, v. 321 
Giraffe, v. 321 
Giraffidce, v. 321 
Girafra, v. 321 
Giudol, iii. 434 
Glires, i. Ix. Ixxvi. 
Glis, v. 220 

oeconomicus, v. 234 

citillus, V. 246 

cricetus, v. 233 _ 

lagurus, V. 216 

marmotta, v. 244 

marmotta argentoratensis, v. 

233 
monax, v. 244 
moschiferus, ii. 186; v. 244 
Polonica, v. 244 
Tscherkensicus, v. 248 
Zumui, V. 241 
Glisorex, v. 106 
Glossophaga, v. 72 

amplexicaudata, v. 73 
caudifer, v. 73 
ecaudata, v. 73 
soricina, v. 72 
Gluton, v. 117 

marpurito, v. 128 
Gluttons, ii. 31 
Glutton, v. 117 

common, ii. 276 
ferruginous, ii. 282; v. 119 
Labrador, v. 118 
masked, ii. 281 ; v. 119 
Gnoo, iv. 367 ; v. 368 

brindled, iv. 371 ; v. 369 
Gnou, iv. 22 
D 2 



20 



INDEX. 



Gnouroumy, v. 280 
Goat, Angora, iv. 307 

beardless, iv. 310 
blue, iv. 20 
bush, V. 344 
Cachemire, iv. 307 
cossus, iv. 310 
domestic, iv. 315 
dwarf, iv. 306 
Esyvptian, iv. 308 
Je^ilah, iv. 308 ; v. 358 
Jueda long-haired, iv. 30(! 
Nepaul, iv. 307 
Persian, iv. 30G 
short-horned, iv. 30G 
Syrian long-haired, iv. 307 
Tartar, iv. 307 
Thibet, iv. 307 
Welsh, iv. 306 
Widah, iv. 306 
wild, iv. 23 
yellow, iv. 17 ; v. 336 
Goats, iv. 23 
Goazoupouco, v. 317 
Goazouti, V. 31 7 
Gona, V. 310 
Gor, V. 374 
Goral, iv. 279 ; v. 352 
Gouazouara, v. 163 
Gouazoubira, v. 319 
Gouazu Pita, v. 318 
Gozen, v. 310 

Grampus, iv. 436. 455 ; v. 384 
Greber, !e, v. 102 
Gregari, le, v. 211 
Greyhound, ii. 41 ; v. 135 
common, ii. 328 
Irish, ii. 328; v. 136 
Italian, ii. 330 ; v. 136 
Russian, ii. 330; v. 136 
Scotch, ii. 330; V. 136 
Turkish, ii. 330; v. 136 
GrifiEbn, v. 138 
Grimee, v. 347 
Grimm, iv. 266 ; v. 347 
Gris, Petit, iii. 83 ; v. 254 
Grisfuch, der, v. 148 
Grison, ii. 32. 277 ; v. II7 
Grisset, v. 47 
Grivet, i. 265; v. 15 
Grumm seler, v. 181 
Grysbock, iv. 250 
Guanaco, iv. 6. 55 ; v. 299 
Guanque, v. 214 
Guariba, i. 222. 301 ; v. 27 
Guazu Apara, v 318 
Guazuara, ii. 436 
Guenon, i. 348. 350 
a camail, v. 8 



Guenon a face alongee, v. 20 

a face poiupre, v. 11 

a longnez, v. 9 

a long nez preeminent, v. 13 

autre, v. 8 

Chinese bonnet, i. 216 

couronne, v. 12 

crowned, i. 216 

golden, i. 277 ; v. 11 

long-nosed, i. 350 

negre, v. 10 
Guenons, i. 210. 259 
Guerlinguet, le grand, v. 256 

le petit, V. 256 

little, V. 256 
Guerlinguets, iii. 84 
Guepard, ii. 52. 470 
Guevei, iv. 270 ; v. 349 

kaior, v. 349 
Guib, le, V, 351 
Gulo, ii. 31. 275; v. 116 

barbatus, v. 117 

castaneus, ii. 282 

ferrugineus, v. 119 

larvatus, ii. 281 ; v. 119 

marpurito, v. 127 

orientalis, ii. 280; v. 118 

ratel, v. 118 

Quitensis, v. 118. 127, 128 

vittatus, v. 117 
vulgaris, v. II7 
wolverene, v. 1 17 
GyrafFa, v. 321 



Hagri, Le, v. 233 
Halicore, iv. 432 ; v. 379 

Indicus, V. 379 
Halmaturus, ii. 74 

Brunii, v. 204 

fasciatus, v. 203 

gigantea, v. 202 
Halychaerus griseus, v, 178 
Hamster, anomalous, iii. 139; v. 236 

Astracan, v. 234 

Baraba, v. 235 

Canada, v. 235 

Chinchilla, v. 235 

common, iii. 75 ; v. 233 

sand, v. 234 

Songar, v. 234 

Yaik, V. 233 
Hamsters, iii. 75. 134 
Hapales jaccus, v. 38 

rosalia, v. 42 
Hapales, i. 225 ; v. 38 
Hardvark, v. 279 
Hare, v. 265 

African, iii. 91 



MAMMALIA. 



21 



Hare, Alpine, iii. 222 ; v. 265. 269 

American, v. 266 

Baikal, v. 266 

Brazilian, iii. 221 ; v. 267 

calling, V. 269 

Cape, V. 267 

common, iii. 89. 213; v. 265 

leaping, iii. 165; v. 243 

mountain, iii. 165 

Ogotona, V. 269 

Patagonian, v. 272 

snowy, V. 265 

spurious, V. 265 

variable, iii 90. 219; v. 265 

varying, v. 265 

Virginian, v. 265 
Hares, iii. 88 
Harpygia, v. 59 
Harrier, v. 138 
Hartebeest, v. 362 
Harts, king of the, v. 349 
Head and brain, character of, i. 105 
Hedgehog, ii. 162 

American, v. 101 

common, ii. 16; v. 100 

dog, ii. 169 

earless, ii. 171 ; v. 101 

long-eared, ii. 16. 168; v. 101 

Malacca, v. 101 

of America, ii. 171 

of Siberia, ii. 171 

pendant-eared, v. 101 

swine, ii. 1 69 

with pendant ear, ii. 170 
Hedgehogs, ii. 16 

Madagascar, ii. 206 
Helamys, iii. 80 

Cafer, iii. 164 ; v. 243 

marmot, v. 243 
Heliodorus, v. 321 
Hepoona koo, v. 199 
Hermine, 1', v. 122 
Herisson, ii. 162; v. 101 

d'Egypte, v. 101 

pourceau, ii. 169 
Herpestes, ii. 47 

Edwardsii, v. 157 

galera, v. 1 57 

griseus, v. 157 

Mungo, v. 156 

Pharonis, v. 156 
Heteromys, v. 236 
Hippelaphus, v. 309. 310 
Hippopotamus, iii. 329. 397; v. 286 

amphibious, v. 287 

Capensis, v. 287 

ecaudatus, v. 270 

Senegalensis, v. 287 

terrestris, v. 293 



Hippotigre, v. 296 

Hirsch, v. 308 

Histrix chrysurus, v. 218 

pilosus, v. 263 
Hoang yang, iv. 17; v. 336 
Hocheur, i. 213; v. 13 
Hog, v. 287 

black race with short limbs, iii. 
405 

English race, iii. 404 

ground, v. 245. 279 

race of France, iii. 405 

race of Jutland, iii. 405 

race of Poland, iii. 405 

race of Russia, iii. 405 

race of Zealand, iii. 405 

race with a single toe, iii. 405 

river, v. 270 

stag, iii. 332 

wild, iii. 331 
Hoitzslaquatzin, iii. 88 ; v. 263 
Homo, V. 3 

lar, V. 6 

nocturnus, v. 250 

sapiens, v. 3 

sylvestris, i. 238 ; v. 4 

troglodytes, i. 250 ; v. 4 
Horse, iii. 340; iv. 434 ; v. 291 

Arabian, iii. 447 

sea, ii. 60; iv. 431 
Horses, Barbary, iii. 452 

Dutch, iii. 455 

English, iii. 456 — 

of France, iii. 455 

of Germany, iii. 454 

of Italy, iii. 453 

of Switzerland, iii. 455 

Persian, iii. 451 

Spanish, iii. 453 

Tartar, iii. 450 

Turkish, iii. 452 
Hound, ii. 41. 334 
Howler, brown, i. 222 

red-handed, v. 28 
Huemel, iv. 53 ; v. 300 
Huitfisch, v. 386 

Human face and form, var. of the, i. 
163 

species, causes of varieties of the, 
v. 174 

species, general observations on 
the varieties of the, i. 183 
Human species, var. of the, i. 96 
Hya;na, ii. 48. 404 ; v. 161. 162 

Abyssinian, v. 161 

Capensis, v. 162 

crocuta, v. 161 

painted, ii. 376; v. 151 

picta, V. 151 



22 



INDEX. 



Hyaena, spotted, ii. 49. 406; v. 161 

striped, ii. 49. 408 ; v. 161 

vulgaris, v. 161 
Hyaenas, ii. 48 
Hydrochaerus, iii. 93. 232 ; v. 270 

capybara, v. 270 

tapir, V. 270 
Hydromys, iii. 72. 124; v. 222 

chrysogaster, iii. 72. 124 ; v, 
222 

coypus, V. 222 

leucogaster, iii. 72; v. 222 

white-bellied, v. 222 

yellow-bellied, v. 222 
Hylobates, v. 5 

agilis, V. 7 

lar, V. 5 

leuciscus, V. 6 

syndactylus, v. 6 

variegatus, v. 6 
Hyperoodon, v. 386 
Hyperoodontes, iv. 437. 459 
Hypexanthus, mustache, v. 98 
Hypexodon, v. 98 
Hypsiprymnus, ii. 73 

murinus, v. 201 
Hypudaeus, iii. 67 
Hyvax, iii. 337 ; v. 292 

Cape, iii. 430 ; v. 292 

Capensis, iii. 338 ; v. 292 

South African, iii. 430 

Syriacus, iii. 338 ; v. 293 

Syrian, iii. 431 ; v. 293 
Hystrix, iii. 87- 200 ; v. 261 

aculeis apparentibus cauda brevi, 
V. 263 

Americanus major, v. 264 

chrysuros, v. 70 

couiy, V. 263 

cristata, iii. 87; v. 261 

cuandu, v. 263 

dorsata, iii. 88. 206 ; v. 262 

fasciculata, iii. 88. 207 ; v. 262 

Hudsonicus, v. 263 

longicauda, v. 262 

macroura, v. 262 

orientalis, v. 262 

prehensilis, iii. 88. 208 ; v. 
263 

spinosa, v. 264 

villosa, V. 264 



Ibec, v. 314 

Ibex, iv. 24. 300 ; v. 356 

Abyssinian, iv. 301 ; v. 356 
Alpium Sibiricarum, v. 356 
Caucasian, iv. 25. 302 ; v. 357 
Siberian, v. 356 



Ichneumon, ii. 47- 392 ; v. 156 
CafFrarian, v. 157 
Edward's, v. 157 
Indian, v. 156 
Javanese, v. 157 
large, v. 158 
major, v. 158 
red, V. 158 

Ictides, V. 159 

albifrons, v. 159 
white-fronted, v. 159 

Ignavus arcthopithecus, v. 274 

Impatoo, V. 321 

Impoofo, iv. 355 

Indri, v. 43 

Macauco, v. 43 

Indris, i. 228 ; v. 43 

brevicaudatus, v. 43 
laniger, v. 44 
longicaudatus, v. 44 

Insectivora, ii. 15; .v 100 
suppl. to the, ii. 161 

Irabubos, v. 270 

Isates, V. 149 

Isatis, ii. 44; v. 149 

Isoodon, iii. 40; v. 195 

Istiophorus, v. 71 

lyyol, v. 310 



Jaal, v. 357 

Jabartes, v. 391 

Jacchus, V. 38 

albifrons, v. 42 
argentatus, v. 40 
auritus, v. 39 
black-tailed, v. 40 
chrysomelas, v. 41 
great-eared, v. 39 
humeralifer, v. 39 
labiatus, v. 41 
leoninus, v. 42 
leucocephalus, v. 39 
melanurus, v. 40 
penicillatus, v. 39 
rosalia, v. 42 
rufinmnus, v. 40 
tufted, V. 39 
ursulus, V. 41 
vulgaris, v. 38 
white-headed, v. 39 
white-shouldered, v. 39 

Jachmur, v. 327 

Jackal, ii. 42; v. 145 
Barbary, v. 146 
Cape, V. 146 
Senegal, v. 147 

Jaela, v. 357 

Jaguar, ii. 51. 452 ; v. 164 



MAMMALIA. 



23 



Jaguar, of Buffon, v. 166 

Jaguarondi, ii. 54 

Jairou, v. 332 

Jaquarete pope, v. 164 

Jaqueparel, v. 146 

Jam, V. 314 

Jelen, v. 308 

Jeralang, iii. 179; v. 251 

Jerboa, iii. 76. 140. 143 ; v. 236 

Cape, iii. 164; v. 243 

great, v. 238 

Siberian, v. 237 

striped, v. 237 
Jerna, v. 314 
Jevraschka, v. 246 
J'hongnuaht, v. 375 
Jirataka, v. 321 
Jird, le, V. 239 
Jocko, i. 238 ; v. 5 
Jubarta, iv. 443 ; v. 391 
Juscha, V. 305 



Kabaega, v. 301 
Kabasson, v. 277 
Kadischi, iii. 448 
Kaliau, i. 213. 276 ' 
Kaidon, v. 295 
Kalong, V. 54 
Kalou, ii. 104 
Kancliil, iv. 64 ; v. 302 
Kanguroo, v. 202 

banded, v. 203 

elegant, ii. 76 ; v. 203 

Eugene's, v. 203 

giant, V. 202 

gigantic, ii. 75 ; iii. 47 

gray, v. 202 

Labillardiere's, v. 203 

large, v. 201 

Le Brun's, v. 204 

lesser, v. 201 

mountain, v. 204 

of Aroe, ii. 76 

red, V. 202 

red-necked, ii. 75 ; v. 203 

smoked, ii. 75 

sooty, V. 202 

tufted-tailed, v. 204 

with moustaches, ii. T5 

woolly, iii. 49; v, 204 
Kanguroos, ii. 74 
Kangurus, v. 201 

bicolor, V. 204 

Brunii, v. 204 

Eugenii, v. 203 

fasciatus, v. 203 

fuliginosus, v. 202 

Gaimardi, v. 201 



Kangurus griseus, v. 202 
labiatus, v. 201 
lanosus, v. 202 
penicillatus, v. 204 
ruficollis, V. 203 
rufogriseus, v. 202 
rufus, V. 202 

Kechubu, iii. 194; v. 260 

Kemas, v. 328 

Kevel, iv. 16.213; v. 332 

Kijang, iv. 144; v. 319 

Kinkajou, ii. 262; v. 115 

Kinkajous, ii. 29 

Kiodote, ii. 108; v. 58 

Kirivoula, ii. 153; v. 90 

Kistu, v. 304 

Klap, v. 179 

migosen, v. 179 

Kleenebock, iv. 269 

Klipdaas, v. 292 

Klipspringer, iv. 245; v. 340 

Knouk, ii. 482 

Koala, V. 205 

Koalas, ii. 76; iii. 50 

Kob, iv. 223 ; v. 335 

Koba, iv. 351 

Kochlani, iii. 449 

Kokoon, v. 369 

Koodoo, iv. 359 ; v. 365 

Korin, v. 333 

Korooko, v. 325 

Korsaki, v. 149 

Kosa Dikaja, v. 314 _ 

Koupara, v. 145 

Kuwuk of Java, v. 170 

Kyloe, iv. 423 



Lacertus Indicus squamosus, v. 282 

squamosus peregrinus, v. 282 
Lagomys, iii. 91. 222; v. 268 

Alpinus, V. 269 

dwarf, iii. 92 

grey, iii. 92 

ogotona, V. 269 

pica, iii. 92 ; v. 269 

pusillus, V. 269 
Lagothrix, v. 26 

caniis, V. 26 

Humboldtii, v. 26 
Lagure, le, v. 26 
Lama, iv. 6. 53 ; v. 299 
Lamantin, iv. 431 ; v. 377 

American, v. 378 

des Antilles, grand, v. 378 

du Kamtschatka, grand, v. 380 

du Senegal, v. 379 

of America, iv. 445 

of Senegal, iv. 446 ; v, 378 



24 



INDEX. 



Lamantin of the Novth, iv. 448 

Lamantins, iv. 445 

Lamas, iv. 5. 50 

Landak, v. 2G2 

Language, difference of, i. 170 

Lapin de Siberie, v. 267 

Larog, V. 256 

Lary, iii. 187 

Lasiopyga, v. 8 

nemaeus, v. 9 
Lawack, v. 159 
Lemmar, v. 215 
Lemming, iii. 69; v. 215 

land, V. 217 

Hudson's Bay, iii. 69 

ringed, v. 217 

talpine, v. 216 

Zokor, v. 215 
Lemmings, iii. 68. 114 
Lemmus, v. 215 

albicaudatus, v. 212 

aspalax, v. 215 

fulvus, v. 212 

hare-tailed, v. 216 

Hudsonius, v. 216 

lagurus, v. 216 

Niloticus, V. 212 

novaboracenis, v. 215 

talpinus, v. 216 

talpoides, v. 215 

terrestris, v. 217 

torquatus, v. 217 

vittatus, V. 215 

Xanthognathus, v. 213 
Lemur, v. 43 

albifrons, i. 228. 270 ; v. 46 

ashy, v. 47 

black, v. 45 

black and red, v. 44 

black-fronted, v. 46 

catta, i. 228 ; v. 44 

cinereus, v. 47 

collared, v. 46 

dwarf, i. 322 

flock y, v. 44 

fulvus, V. 45 

galago, i. 332; v. 49 

gracilis, i. 229 

indri, v. 43 

laniger, v. 44 

little, v. 48 

long-fingered, iii. 196; v. 51 

loris, V. 47 

Macaco, i. 228 ; v. 45 

minutus, v. 49 

mongoz, i. 228; v. 45 

murinus, i. 323. 332 ; v. 48 

niger, v. 45 

nigrifrons, v. 47 



Lemur potto, i. 230 ; v. 49 

psilodactylus, iii. 196; v. 51 

pusillus, V. 48 

red, i. 228. 324 ; v. 46 

ring-tailed, v. 44 

ruber, i. 228 ; v. 44 

ruffed, V. 44 

rufus, V. 46 

slow, i. 330 ; V. 47 

slow paced, v. 48 

spectrum, i. 230 ; v. 50 

tardigradus, i. 229. 330 ; v. 47 

tarsier, v. 50 

volans, ii. 15. 156 ; v. 99 

white-forehead, i. 325 

white-fronted, i. 270 ; v. 46 

white-handed, v. 45 

whitish, v. 50 
Lemurs, i. 227 

suppl. to the, i. 321 
Leo marinus, v. 184 
Leontico, v. 42 
Leopard, ii. 52. 459 ; v. 165 

Cape, V. 175 

hunting, ii. 470; v. 166 

maned hunting, v. 166 

maneless hunting, v. 166 
Lepus, iii. 90. 210 ; v. 264 

^gyptius, v. 267 

Africanus, v. 267 

albus, v. 265 

Alpinus, iii. 92 ; v. 269 

Americanus, iii. 91 ; v. 267 

Brasiliensis, v. 267 

Capensis, iii. 91 ; v. 267 

cuniculus, iii. 90 ; v. 266 

Dauricus, v. 267 

ecaudatus, iii. 221 ; v. 2G8 

glacialis, v. 265 

Hudsonius, v. 267 

hybridus, iii. 221 ; v. 265 

nanus, iii. 91 ; v. 267 

nigricollis, v. 268 

ogotona, V. 269 

pusillus, iii. 92. 227 ; v. 269 

saxatilis, v. 268 

tapeti, V. 268 

timidus, iii. 89 ; v. 265 

tolai, V. 266 

variabilis, iii. 90 ; v. 265 

Virginianus, v. 265 

viscaccior, v. 268 
Lepusculus, V. 266 
Lerot, iii. 71. 122; r. 220 

with golden tail, iii. 70 v. 218 
Lerwee, v. 360 
Lesang, v. 160 
Leucoryx, V. 327 
Levrier, v. 1 35 



MAMMALIA. 



25 



Lezard de Clusius, v. 282 

ecaille, v. 282 
Lichanotus, i. 228 ; v. 43 

indri, v. 43 

laniger, v. 44 

niger, v. 43 
Lievre d'Afrique, v. 267 

des roches, v. 268 

du Groenlandon, v. 265 

pampa, v. 272 

tapeti, V. 268 
Lion, ii. 50. 428; v. 162 

African, v. 163 

American, ii. 52; v. 163 

Asiatic, v. 163 

crested sea, v. 179 

sea, ii. 507; v. 180. 184 

sea^ of Anson, ii. 58 

sea, of Cox's Island, v. 181 

sea, of Forster, ii. 509 

sea, of Stellar, ii. 59 

tiger cubs, ii. 448 
Lipurus cinereus, v. 205 
Lizard, scaly, v. 282 
Loir, iii. 71. 118 
Loncheres, iii. 70. 117 

chrysurus, v. 218 

myosurus, v. 218 

paleacea, v. 219 

rufa,v. 218 
Loret volant, v. 81 
Lori, i. 330 
Loris, i. 229 ; v. 47 

Ceylon, v. 48 

Ceylonicus, v. 47 

du Bengale, v. 48 

gracilis, v. 47 

Javanese, v. 48 

paresseux, v. 47 

slender, i. 229 ; v. 47 

slow, i. 229 
Loro of Java, v. 75 
Lorvo assee, ii. 110 
Los, v. 304 
Loup, v. 144 

cervier, v. 174 

marin, v. 180 

noir, V. 144 

peint, V. 151 

rouge, V. 145 
Lout, V. 327 
Loutre de Canada, v. 130 

de Kamtschatka, v. 1.3.3 

de la Guyane, petit, v. 192 
Lowo assu, V. 56 

churat of Java, v. 65 

manir, v. 93 
Lupus, V. 144 

aureus, v. 14() 
C'tiv. Indej:. 



Lupus Indicus, v. 145 
Lutra, ii. 38; v. 129 

Barang, v. 132 

Brasiliana, v. 130 

Brasiliensis, ii. 314; v. 130 

Canadensis, v. 130 

enudris, v. 131 

insularis, v. 131 

inunguis, v. 131 

lataxina, v. 131 

leptonyx, ii. 315; v. 132 

maculata, v. 130 

marina, v. 132 

memina, ii. 66; iii. 35; v. 191 

minor, v. 122 

nair, v. 131 

vison, ii. 296 

vittata, V. 117 

vulgaris, v. 129 
Loutre, le, v. 130 
Lycaon, v. 151 

Burchel's, v. 151 

tricolor, v. 151 
Lynx, v. 174 

American, ii. 53 

booted, ii. 54. 491 ; v. 173 

Canada, ii. 53: v. 174 

cat, V. 174 

common, ii. 53 

du Canada, V. 174 

fasciatus, v. 174 

fox, V. 174 

montanus, v. 175 

of Barbary, ii. 490 

of the ancients, v. 1 73 

of the marshes, ii. 54. 491 

red, V. 174 

United States, ii. 494 

wolf, V. 174 
Lynxes, ii. 490 
Lyre, ii. 11. 

Macaca, i. 351 

Inuus, i. 351 
Macacus, v. 16 

cynomolgus, v. 17 

Indicus, V. 19 

radiatus, v. 1 7 

silenus, v. 16 

Sinicus, v, 17 
Macaque, i. 348. 350, .351 ; v. 18, 19 

k criniere, v. 16 

k queue courte, v. 18 

magot, i. 351 

maimon, v. 18 

maned, i. 216 

of Buffon, i. 21c 

ordinaire, v. 18 

Orion, v. 19 
E 



26 



INDEX. 



Macaque, shovt-tailed, i, 289 

toque, V. 172 
Macaques, i. 215 
Macauco, v. 45 

black, V. 45 

flying, V. 99 

little, i. 332 

loris, V. 47 

ring-tailed, v. 45 

woolly, V. 45 

vellow, ii. 269 
Machlis', v. 306 
Macroglossus, v. 56 
Macroihina, v. 180 
Macrorhine, v. 180 
Maeropus, ii. 7-i 

elegans, ii. 76 ; iii. 49 

giganteus, v. 202 

lanigerus, iii. 49 ; v. 204 

major, ii. 75 

minor, ii. 7-1; iii. 46; v. 201 

ruficollis, V. 203 

rufogriseus, v. 202 
Madoka, v. 350 
Mafutiliqui, v. 127 
Magot, i. 215. 348; v. 19 
Magots, i. 215 
Mahairy, v. 298 
Maimon, i. 217. 288; v. 22 
Majot, i. 280 
Maki, V. 47 

a bourse, v. 44 

aux pieds blaiics, v. 46 

aux pieds fauves, v. 46 

d'Augouan, v. 46 

fauve, V. 44 

nain, i. 322 

petit, V. 47 

roux, V. 44. 46 
Makis, i. 227 

Malanou bourou, ii. 104; v. 54 
Malbrouc, i. 212 ; v. 14 
Mammalia, i. Iviii. 72. 205 ; v. 2 

division of the class into orders, 
i. 77 
Man, i. 82 

American, var. v. 3 

Caucasian, var. v. 3 

differences between, and other 
animals, i. 205 

food of, i. 130 

Malay, var. v. 3 

Negro, var. v. 3 

of the woods, v. 5 

peculiar conformation of, i. 82 

suppl. history of, i. 103 
Manati, v. 377 

phocae genus, v. 378 

trichechus, v. 184 



Manati, whale-tailed, v. 380 
Manatis, iv. 431. 445 
Manatus, iv. 431 ; v. 377. 380 

Americanus, iv. 445. 448 ; v. 378 

Senegalensis, v. 378 
Manaviri, ii. 265 
Mandrill, i. 219; v. 21, 22 
Mangabey, v. 15 

a collier blauc, v. 16 

collared, i. 261; v. 16 

with collar, i. 211 

without collar, i. 211 
Mangouste, v. 156 

of Egypt, ii. 47 

of Java, ii. 398 

of the Indies, ii. 47 

of the Cape, ii. 47 

vausire, v. 157 
Mangoustes, ii. 47- 392 
Mangusta, v. 156 

Cafra, v. 157 

Edwardsii, v. 157 

galera, v. 157 

Ichneumon, v. 156 

Javanicus, v. 157 

major, v. 158 

mungos, v 156 

rubra, v. 158 
Manicou, ii. 63 
Manis, i. Ix ; iii. 261. 306 ; v. 281 

African, v. 282 

brachyura, iii. 262 ; v. 282 

broad-tailed, v. 282 

crassicaudata, v. 282 

Indian, v. 282 

Javanica, v. 282 

long-tailed, iii. 262. 308; v. 282 

longicaudata, v, 282 

macroura, v. 282 

pangolinus, v. 282 

pentedactvla, iii. 262. 307 : v. 
282 

phatagus, v. 282 

short-tailed, iii. 262. 307 ; v. 
282 

tetradactyla, iii. 262. 308; v. 
282 
Mankind, general extension of, i. 123 
Mans-gottung, v. 214 
]Mantegar, v. 21 
Mapach, ii. 28 ; v. 114 
Mapurita, v. 127 
Mapurito, v. 118. 128 
Margaia, ii. 482 
Margay, ii. 482 ; v. 169 
Margatsch, v. 336 
Mariba, v. 294 
Marikina, i. 226.310; v. 42 
Marimonda, i. .305 ; v. 24 



MAMMALIA. 



27 



Marinose, ii. 66 

Marmose, la, iii. 32 ; v. 188 

Marmot, v. 244 

Alpine, iii. 81. 166; v. 244 

barking, v. 248 

Diana, iii. I70 ; v. 248 

earless, v, 246 

Franklin's, v. 246 

Gundi, V. 248 

hoary, v. 248 

Hood's, V. 247 

Maryland, v. 244 

of Germany, iii. 75 

of Poland, "iii. 81. 169 

Parry's, V. 247 

Prairie, v. 247 

Quebec, v, 245. 247 

red, V. 245 

Richardson's, v. 246 

short-tailed, v. 245 

striped American, iii. I7I 

tailless, v. 248 

variegated, iii. 169 
Marmots, iii. 166 
Marmotte, v. 244 

de Canada, v. 245 

de Pologne, v. 244 

de Siberie, v. 246 

du cap, V. 292 

volante, v. 90 
Marmottes, iii. 80 
Marsouin, iv. 453 ; v. 383 

dolphin, V. 383 

Marsupiata, ii. 61 ; v. 185 

suppl. on the, iii. 1 
Marte, v. 123 

marron, v. 125 

zorra, v. 125 
Marten, v. 124 

beech, ii. 293 ; v. ] 23 

common, ii. 36. 294 

Indian pine, v. 159 

spotted, V. 193 
Martens, ii. 33. 36. 292 
Martes, v. 123 

Canadensis, v. 124 

foina, V. 123 
leucotis, V. 126 

Pennantii, v. 125 

rnfa, v. 125 

sinuensis, v. 125 

Vison, V. 124 

vulgaris, v. 123 
zibellina, v. 124 
Martin, pine, v. 123 
Massascus, v. 209 
Mastiff, ii. 40. 337; v. 1 H 

English, V. 141 
Mastodon, iii. 328 



Mastodon, angustidens, iii. 329 

giganteum, iii. 328 

great, iii. 328 

with narrow teeth, iii. 329 
Mastodons, iii. 328 
Mataco, iii. 256 
Matin, v. 134 

French, ii. 328 
Maucauco, little, v. 48 

murine, v. 48 

Tarsier, v. 50 
Maucoco, v. 115 
Mazama, v. 314 

dorsata, v. 354 

sericea, v. 354 
Mazame, iv. 12 ; v. 323. 354 
Mazamine group, iv. 127 
Mbaracaya, ii. 482 
Medateus, v. 74 

Lewisii, v. 74 
Meerkats, iii. 172 
Megaderma, v. 74 

frons, V. 75 

lyra, v. 75 

spasma, v. 74, 75 

tri folium, v. 75 
Megadermes, ii. 10. 128 
Megalotis, ii. 45 ; v. 151 

Brucei, v. 152 
Megalotis, Lalandii, ii. 372; v. 131 
Mejangan Banjoe, v. 311 
Melas, ii. 53 
Meles, ii. 30; v. 115, 116^ 

alba, V. 114 

gulo, V. 117 

Labradorica, v. 116 

vulgaris, v. 116 
Melursus, v. 113 
Memina, iv. 63; v. 301 
Men, wild, i. 207 
Mephitis, ii. 37 ; v. 126 

Americana, v. 127 

Chilensis, v. 127 

interrupta, v. 127 

Javanensis, v. 129 

meliceps, v. 129 
Meriones, iii. 153 
Mermaids, iv. 431 
Merschswein, v. 383 
Merycotherium Sibiricuni, v. 322 
Michaucanens, v. 141 
Mico, i. 227 ; v. 40 
Micoure, ii. 63 

dwarf, v. 191 

fifth, iii. 34 

fourth, iii. 33 

long-tailed, iii. 33 

premier, v. 187 

premier I\Ianicou, v. IHH 

e2 



28 



INDEX. 



;\Iicoure, second, v. 190 
sixth, V. 191 

third, with a thick tail, v. 190 
woolly, V. 190 
Midas, V. 40 

Qi^dipus, V. 42 
albifrons, v. 41 
chrysomelas, v. 41 
labiatus, v. 41 
leoninus, v. 42 
rosalia, v. 42 
rufimanus, v. 40 
ursulus, i. 226 ; v. 41 
Mitnetes, v. 4 
Mink, ii. 35. 37- 291 ; v. 122 

of the Americans, v. 124 
Mioroung, v. 180 
Miriki, v. 25 
Miriquouina, v. 3G 
Mirounga, v. 179 

Ansonii, v. 180 
Byronii, v. 181 
Patagonica, v. 180 
proboscidea, v. \H0 
Mistus, V. 370 
Mitzli, ii. 436 
Mococo, i. 228. 329 : v. 45 
Mole, V. 108 

albinose, v. 108 

ash-coloured, ii. 201 

blind rat, iii. 78 

citron, ii. 201 

common, ii. 23 

fawn-coloured, ii. 201 

golden, ii. 20 

long-tailed, ii. 20. 211 ; v. 108. 

110 
maritime rat, iii. 79 
of the Greeks, v. 241 
pied, ii 201 

radiated, ii. 210; v. 110 
rat, of the Cape, iii. 79 
red,ii. 20. 193 
red, of Seba, v. 108 
sand, iii. 164 
shrew, v. 107 
small rat, iii. 79 
spotted, V. 108 

star muzzled, of C'anad'i, ii. 23 
water, v. 285 
white, ii. 201 ; v. 108 
yellow, V. 108 
zand, iii. 164 ; v. 242 
Moles, ii. 22. 194 
rat, iii. 77 
Molock, i. 209 ; v. 6. 34 
;Mo1ossus, ii. 7 ; V. 60 

acuticaudatus, v. 63 
amplexicaudatus, v. (>2 



Molossus, ater, v. 61 
black, V. 61 
castaneus, v. 62 
crassicaudatus, v. 62 
fumarius, v. 63 
fusciventer, ii. 7 ; v. 61 
Guyanensis, ii. 7 
longicaudatus, ii. 7 ; v. G2 
nasutus, v. 63 
obscurus, V. 61 
rufus, V. 60 
sharp-tailed, v, 63 
ursinus, v. 63 
Moluck, V. 304 
Mona, i. 212. 268 
Monardes paseng, v. 357 
Monax, iii. 170 ; v. 245 
Mone, la, v. 12 
Mongooz, V. 45 
Mongous, i. 228. 327 ; v. 45 
grand, v. 45 

with white forehead, i. 228 
Mongsoo, V. 304 
Mongul, iii. 143 
Monk, ii. 291 ; v. 37 
Monkev, i. 320 
bay, V. 8 
bonneted, i. 278 
broad-bearded, v. 1 1 
broad-toothed, v. 11 
callitrix, v. 14 
capped, V. 7 
capuchin, v, 32 
Chinese, v. 17 

Cochin China, i. 214. 27(i ; v. 8 
fair, V. 40 
fearful, v. 29 
four-fingered, v. 24 
fox-tailed, v 36 
full bottom, V. 8 
great-eared, v. 40 
green, i. 212.263; v. 14 
hare-lipped, i. 216. 286; v. 17 
horned, v. 31 
king, V. 8 
lion, i. 226 ; v. 42 
lion-tailed, i. 285 
little black, v. 40 
little lion, v. 43 
long-nosed, i. 213 
masked, v. 33 
middle-size black, v. 9 
mustache, i. 213. 271 ; v. 12 
Negro, i. 211. 262: v. 9 
night, i. 225 
orange, v. 33 
palatine, v. 13 
perruque, v. 7 
pig-tailed, v, 19 



MAMMALIA. 



29 



Monkey, preacher, v. 2^ 

proboscis, i. 213. 276 ; v. 9 

purple-faced, i. 277 ; v. 1 1 

red, i. 21 1. 261 ; v. 13 

red howling, i. 222 ; v. 26 

red-tailed, v. 43 

red-vented, v. 15 

royal, v. 26 

silky, i. 310 ; v. 42 

silver-haired, v. 26 

spider, v. 25 

spotted, i. 212 ; v. 13 

squirrel, i. 307. 312 ; v. 33 

St. Jago's, V. 15 

striated, i. 308 ; v. 38 

stunted, v. 38 

Talapoin, v. 11 

varied, i. 212. 268; v. 12 

vaulting, i. 213; v. 13 

weeper, v. 28 

white eye-lid, i. 211 ; v. 15 

white-nosed, v. 12 

widow, i. 320 ; v. 33 
Monkeys, i. 206 

American, v. 24 

lazy, i. 229 

long-tailed, i. 210 

of America, i. 221 

proper to the old world, i. 207 
Mono, v. 25 

capuchino, i. 316 

Colorado, v. 26 

feo, i. 318 

rabon, i. 318 ; v. 38 
Monodon, i. Ix ; iv. 437 ; v. 386 

Andersonianus, v. 387 

microcephalus, v. 387 

monoceros, iv. 437 ; v. 387 

narwhal, v. 387 

spurius, iv. 464 
Monophyllus, v. 85 

Redmani, v. 85 
Monotrema, v. 283 
Moose, iv. 72 ; v. 304 
Mopse, ii. 338 
Morcassin, v. 288 
Morfo, V. 185 
Mormoops, v. 73 

Blainvillii, V. 74 
Mors, V. 185 
Morse, ii. 511 
Morses, ii. 59 
Moschi capreolus, v. 301 
Moschius, ii. 172 
Moschus, i. Ix; iv. 6. 59 ; v. 301 

Javanicus, iv. 64 ; v. 302 

memina, iv. 63; v, 301 
moschiferus, iv. 0. 60 ; v. 301 
napu, iv. 63 ; v. 302 



Moschus, pelandoc, iv. 66 ; v. 302 

pygmaeus, v. 303 
Mouffette de Chili, v. 128 
MoufiPettes, ii. 37 
Mouflon, v. 360 

d'Afrique, v. 360 

of Africa, iv. 26 

of America, iv. 26 
Mouse, V. 226 

Astracan, v. 234 

Baikal, v. 211 

Barbary, v. 228 

common domestic, iii. 131 

field, iii. 74 ; v. 209. 225 

frugivorous, v. 229 

garlic, v. 210 

harvest, iii. 132; v. 226 

Javanese, v. 224 

lineated v. 211 

meadow, iii. 110 

minute, v. 227 

of Cairo, iii. 74 

red, V. 210 

short-tailed field, v. 209 

shrew, v. 102 

soricine, v. 228 

striated, v. 228 

subtle, V. 227 

white-footed, v. 232 

white-tailed, v. 212 

wood, iii. 132 
Moussel, V 268 
Moustac, i. 213; V. 12 
Muana conquo, iv. 327 
Mufflon, iv. 26 
Muffoli of Corsica, iv. 26 
Mufione of Sardinia, iv. 26 
Mule, wild, of Antiquity, v. 295 
Mulot, iii. 74 ; v. 225 

des champs, v. 226 

petit, V. 226 

volant, V. 60 

volant, second, v. 61 
Multungula, i. Ixxviii. 
Mungo, V. 156 
Mungutia, v. 156 
Muntjak, iv. 144. 148 

Blainville's, iv. 148 ; v. 320 

Nepaul, iv. 149; v. 320 

Philippine, iv. 147; v. 319 

Ubi, iv. 148; v 320 
Mus, i. Ix ; iii. 66 ; v. 208. 223 

accedula, iii. 76 ; v. 233 

CEconomus, iii. 68; v. 210 

.(Egyptius, V. 236 

Africanuscayopillindictus, v. 188 

agrarius, v. 227 
agrestis, v. 290 
agrestis major, v. 225 



30 



INDEX, 



Mus, Alexandrinus, v. 225 
alliarius, v. 210 
Alpinus, iii. 81 ; v. 234. 244 
amphibius, iii. 67 ; v. 209 
amphibius teriestris, v. 217 
angouya, v. 230 
anomalus, iii. 139 ; v. 236 
aquaticus, v. 209 
exoticus, ii. 185 ; v. 105 
aquatilis, ii. 185; v. 105. 209 
arctomys, v. 244 
arenarius, iii. 76 ; v. 234 
araneus, ii. 172 
arvalis, iii. 68. ] 10 
aspalax, iii. 69; v. 215 
Astrachanensis, v. 214 
auritus, v. 231 

avellanarius, iii. 72. 122. v. 221 
avellanavius minor, v. 221 
avellanarius major, v. 220 
Barabensis, v. 235 
barbarus, v. 228 
betulinus, v. 228 
bobac, iii. 81 
Braziliensis, v. 230 
bursarius, iii. 138 ; v. 235 
cater, iii. 80 ; v. 243 
cahirinus, iii. 74 ; v. 232 
campestris, v. 226 
campestris major, v. 225 
campestris minor, v. 209 
Canadensis, iii 159 
Capensis, iii. 70 ; v. 242 
caraco, iii. 74 ; v. 224 
caugouya, v. 230 
cephalotes, v. 231 
citillus, iii. 81 ; v. 246 
coypus, iii. 73 ; v. 223 
cricetus, iii. 75 ; v. 233 
cyaniis, v. 214 

decmnaniis, iii. 74. 129; v. 224 
dichrurus, v. 229 
domesticus major, v. 225 
domesticus medius, v. 225 
domesticus vulgaris, v. 226 
Donovani, v. 230 
Egypticus, iii. 143 
empetra, v. 245 
fasciculatus, v. 262 
Floridanus, v. 214 
frugivorus, v. 229 
furunculus, v. 235 
giganteus, iii. 1 26 ; v. 223 
glis, iii. 71 ; V. 220 
gregalis, v. 211 
gregarius, v. 211 
griseus, v. 224 
Hudsonius, iii, 69; \. 217 
hydrochaerus, v. 270 



Mus, Icria, v. 229 

Indicus, V. 224 

Islandicus, v. 229 

jaculus, iii. 77. 143 ; v. 236 

Javanicus, v. 224 

Labradorius, v. 240 

lagurus, V. 216 

laniger, v. 235 

laucha, v. 231 

lemmus, iii. 69. 114 ; v. 215 

leucopus, V. 232 

longipes, iii. 157; v. 240 

macrourus, v. 263 

Malabaricus, v. 223 

maritimus, iii. 79. 164 ; v. 242 

marmotta, v. 244. 246 

Maulinus, v. 248 

Meridianus, v. 239 

messorius, iii. 132 ; v. 226 

microurus, v. 215 

migratorius, v. 233 

minutus, v. 227 

monax, v. 244 

muscardinus, iii. 122 

musculus, iii. 73 ; v. 226 

nigricans, v. 232 

nigripes, v. 231 

nitela, iii. 71 

nitidula, v. 220 

Noricus, V. 246 

Norvegicus, v. 215. 224 

Orientalis, v. 228 

parvulus, v. 227 

pendulinus, v. 227 

Perchal, v. 232 

phoeus, iii. 76 ; v. 234 

ponticus, V. 259 

porcellus, v. 271 

pumilio, V. 21 1 

rattus, iii. 73 ; v. 225 

rufus, V. 230 

rutilus, V. 210 

quercinus, v. 220 

saccatus, v. 235 

sagitta, iii. 77 ; v. 236 

setifev, v. 229 

seu Cuniculus An:ericanus et 

Guineensis, v. 271 
socialis, v. 211 
songarus, iii. 76 ; v. 234 
sorex, V. 226 
soricinus, v. 228 
striatus, v. 228 
subtilis, V. 227 
Sumatrensis, v. 224 
suslica, v. 246 

sylvaticus, iii. 74- 1.32; v. 225 
sylvestris, v. 224 
sylvestris Amcricanuj, v. 191.271 



MAMMALIA. 



31 



Mus, tamaricinus, iii. 155 ; v.- 239 

talpinus, v. 216 

terrestris, v. 209. 211 

torquatus, v. 217 

typhlus, iii. 78 ; v. 241 

vagus, V. 227 

zibethicus, iii. 67 ; v. 208 
Musang, ii. 416 

brilan, v. 159 
Musaraigne, ii. 172 ; v. 102 

a queue de rat, v. 104 

d'eau, V. 102 

doree, v. 108 

plaron, v. 103 

taupe, V. 107 
Musaraignes, ii. 172 
Muse, V. 153 
Muscardin, iii. ^2 ; v. 221 

volant, V. 90 
Musculus dicluurus, v. 222. 229 

fiugivorus, V. 221. 229 
Muserain, ii. 172 
Musette, ii. 17- 128 
Musk, iv. 6 

Indian, v. 302 

Java, iv. 63 

pygmeus, iv. 62 ; v. 303 

Thibetian, iv. 60 ; v. 301 
Musks, iv. 6. 59 
Musmon, iv. 322 ; v. 360 
Musquash, v. 208 
Mustela, ii. 33; v. 119 

abietinum, v. 123 

abietum, ii. 294 

Africana, v. 122 

Alpina, v. 120 

altaica, v. 120 

Americana, v. ] 27 

armelina, v. 122 

barbara, ii. 32. 278 ; v. 1 17 

Canadensis, ii. 296 ; v. 124 

Candida, v. 122 

Cuja,v. 126 

erminea, ii. 35 ; v. 122 

fagorum, ii. 293 

flavigula, v. 126 

foina, ii. 36 ; v. 124 

furo, ii. 34 , v. 120 

glauca, V. 156 

gulo, ii. 276; v. 117 

Guyanensis, v. 126 

Hudsonica, v. 130 

leucotis, V. 126 

lutra, ii. 38.312; v. 130. 132 

lutra Brasiliensis, ii. 38 ; v. 130 

lutreola, ii. 35; v. 122 

lutris, ii.39. 316; v. 132 

martes, ii. 36 ; v. 123 



Mustela, melanorhynclia, v. 125 

nivalis, ii. 289 ; v. 121 

Pennanti, ii. 297; v. 125 

putorius, ii. 34 ; v. 120 

quadricolor, v. 126 

quiqui, v. 126 

rufa, V. 125 

iSarmatica, ii. 34 

Sibirica, ii. 35 ; v. 122 

sinuensis, ii. 297; '•'. 125 

vison, V. 124 

vulgaris, ii. 35; v. 121 

zibellina, ii. 36. 294 ; v. 124 
Mutz, V. 179 
Mycetes, i. 221 ; v. 26 

flavicaudatus, v. 27 

fuscus, V. 27 

niger, v. 28 

rufimanus, v. 28 

seniculus, v. 26 

stramineus, v. 27 

ursinus, v. 27 
Myadeus meliceps, ii. 305 ; v. 129 
Mygale, ii. 18. 185; v. 105 

Moscovitica, ii. 189 ; v. 105 

Pyrenai'ca, ii. 190; v. 105 
Myonotes pratensis, v. 214 
Myopotamus, v. 223 

Canariensis, v. 223 
Myopteris, v. 83 

Daubentonii, v. 83 
Myoxus, iii. 71- 118; v. 219 

Africanus, v. 221 

avellanarius, v. 220 

avellanarius Lalandii, v. 221 

chrysurus, v. 218 

Compel, V. 221 

dryas, v. 220 

glis, iii. 118; v. 220 

guerlinguet, v. 256 

murinus, v. 221 

muscardinus, v. 221 

nitela, v. 220 

tamaricinus, v. 239 
Myrmecophaga, i. Ix; iii. 259. 299 ; v. 
280 

aculeata, iii. 264 ; v. 284 

Afra, V. 279 

annulata, v. 281 

Capensis, iii. 259 ; v 279 

didactyla, iii. 261 ; v. 281 

jubata, iii. 260.299; v. 280 

minima, v. 281 

nigra, v. 280 

tamandua, iii. 260 ; v. 280 

tetradactyla, iii. 260 ; v. 280 

tridactyla, iii. 260 ; v. 280 

unicolor, v. 281 



32 



INDEX. 



Nabis, v. 321 

Nffimorhedine group, iv. 277 

Naemorhedus, v. 352 

Naers, v. 122 

Nagor, iv. 238 ; v. 338 

Naip, V. 321 

Nanguer, le, iv. 20 ; v. 331 

Napu, iv. 63 ; v. 302 

Nari, v. 146 

Narwhal, iv. 460 

common, v. 387 

microcephalus, iv. 463 

vulgaire, v. 387 
Narwhals, iv. 437 
Nasalis larvatus, v. 9 
Nasique, i. 276 ; v. 9 
Nasua, ii. 29; v. 114 

fusca, v. 115 

rufa, V. 114 
Natantia, i. Ixxix. 
Neelghau, iv. 363 ; v. 366 
Neitsek, v. 178 
Neitsersoak, v 179 
Nems, ii. 47; v. 157 
Neotoma, iii. 160 ; v. 214 

Floridana, iii. 160 ; v. 214 
Neotragine group, iv. 269 
Neotragus, v. 349 
Nesarnack, iv. 456 ; v. 382 
Ngria, v. 331 
Niborebi, v. 294 
Nil-bundar, v. 17 
Niou, iv. 22 
Noctilio, ii. 8 ; v. 67 

a ventre blanc, v. 67 

albiventer, v. 68 

Americana, v. 67 

dorsatus, v. 67 

ferrum equinum, v. 76 

hare-lipped, v. 67 

leporinus, v. 67 

Peruvian, v. 67 

rufus, V. 68 

unicolor, v. 67 
Noctilions, ii. 8 
Noctule, ii. 13. 144; v. 89 
Noerz, ii. 35 

Nord caper, iv. 442. 493 ; v. 390 
Norek, ii. 35. 291 
Nots, Devonshire, iv. 340 
Nougi-liari, ii. 355 
Noumetje, v. 349 
Nunel, V. 375 
Nunni, v. 330 
Nupu, V. 302 
Nycteres, ii. 11 
Nycteris, ii. 11 ; v. 79 

Daubentonii, v. 80 

GeofFrovii, v. 80 



Nycteris, hispidus, v. 79 
Javanica, v. 80 
of Thebais, ii. 12. 137 
Thebaida, v. 80 

Nycticebus, v. 47 

Bengalensis, v. 47 
Ceylonicus, v. 48 
Javanicus, v. 48 
potto, V. 49 

Nycticeius, v. 98 

Nyctinome, Bengal, v. 64 
Brasilian, v. 65 
d'Egypte, v. 64 
Egyptian, ii. 8 ; v. 64 
Murine, v. 61 
Port Louis, v. 64 

Nyctinomes, ii. 7 

Nyctinomus, v. 64 

acetabulosus, v. 64 
Bengalensis, v. 64 
Brasiliensis, v. 65 
dilatus, V. 65 
Mauritianus, v. 65 
murine, v. 66 
tenuis, v. 65 

Nyctophilus, v. 86 

Geoffroyi, v. 86 

Nyentak, ii. 280 

of Java, V. 118 

Nylgau, iv. 21 

Ocelot, ii. 53 ; v. 167 
linked, v. 168 

Ocelots, ii. 474 

Octolicnus, i. 229 

galago, V. 49 

Odobenus, v. 185 

Ogotone, iii. 226 ; v. 269 

Oleck, ii. 158 

Olen, V. 305. 308 

Onager, v. 295 

Once, V. 166 

Ondatra, iii. 67. 106 ; v. 208 

Ondatras, iii. 66 

Onza, ii. 452 ; v. 164 

Oont, V. 298 

Opeacha, v. 295 

Ophion, v. 359 

Opossum, ii. 63; v. 186. 198 
Azara's, v. 186 
back-bearing, v. 189 
Cayenne, v. 187 
crab-eating, v. 187 
dwarf, V. 191 
four-eyed, v. 187 
gray, v. 188 
Javan, v. 204 
lemurine, v. 197 
Mexican, iii. 32 : v. 18 



MAMMALIA. 



Opossum Molucca, v. 187 

marine, ii. 66 ; iii. 32 

murine, v. 188 

naked-tailed, v. 189 

New South Wales, v. 197 

petaurine, v. 198 

Philander, v. 188 

Quica, V. 187 

Seba's, v. 190 

short-tailed, iii. 33 ; v. 190 

spotted, V. 193 

squirrel, v. 200 

thick-tailed, v. 189 

ursine, iii. 37- 52 

Virginian, iii. 24 ; v. 186 

Viverrine, v. 194 

vulpine, v. 197 

white-tailed, v. 198 

woolly, V. 190 
Orang, i. 348 

r, varie, i. 254 

outang, i. 207. 238 ; v. 5 
Orangs, i. 207 
Ore, iv. 455 
Orca, V. 384 
Orebi, v. 339 
Oreillard, v. 97 
Oreillards, ii. 14 
Oreotragine group, iv. 245 
Organization in general, i. 1 1 
Orico, V. 264 
Ornithorynchus, iii. 264. 316 ; v. 284 

bristly, v. 284 

brown, v. 285 

crispatus, v. 285 

fuscus, V. 285 

histrix, iii. 264. 314 ; v. 284 

histrix alter, v. 284 

paradoxus, iii. 265 ; v. 284 

porcupine, iii, 314 ; v. 284 

red, V. 284 

rufus, V. 284 

setosus, iii. 264 ; v. 284 
Orozo, 1', V. 235 
Orthula of Mexico, v. 128 
Oryctere, iii. 79 
Orycterope, iii. 258 

of the Cape, iii. 259 
Orycteropus, iii. 258. 296 ; v. 279 

Capensis, v. 279 
Orygine group, iv. 182 
Oryx, iv. 19 ; v, 325 

CafFrarian, iv. 186 ; v. 326 

Nubian, iv. 189 ; v. 327 

white, iv. 188; v. 326 
Otaria, v. 182 

cinerea, v. 183 

coronata, v. 182 

Falklandica, v. 183 
Ciit>. Index. 



Otaria flavescens, v. 183 
jubata, V. 184 

Peronii, v. 182 

pusilla, V. 182 

ursina, v. 182 
Otaries, ii. 58 
Otter, American, ii. 38. 314; v. 130 

Canadian, v. 130 

Carolina, v. 131 

clawless, v. 131 

common, ii. 38. 312 ; v. 129 

Brasilian, ii. 314 ; v. 130 

Javanese, v. 132 

greater, v. 130 

gryze, v. 1 32 

little, of Guyane, iii. 35 

Pondicherry, v. 131 

sea,ii. 39. 316; v. 132 

small, of Guyane, ii. 66 

smaller, ii. 291 

spotted, V. 130 

Trinity, v. 131 

white-headed sea, ii. 316 
Otters, ii. 38. 312 
Ouanderou, i. 216. 284 ; v. 16 
Ouarin, i. 222 ; v. 27 
Ouavapavi, v. 31 
Ouistiti, v. 38 

common, i 226 
Ouistitis, i. 225 
Ounce, ii. 469 

Ourebi, v. 340 __ 

Ours, v. Ill 

blanc, v. 112 

d' Amerique, v, 112 

gulaire, ii. 228 

marin, v. 182 

marin du Cap de Bonne Espe- 
rance, v. 182 
Ovibos, iv. 372 ; v. 370 

moschatus, iv. 373 ; v. 370 

Pallantis, iv. 375 : v. 370 
Ovis, iv. 25. 311 ; v. 358 

Ammon, iv. 25. 316; v. 359 

argali, v. 359 

aries, iv. 324; v. 361 

montana, iv. 26 ; v. 354. 359 

musmon, iv. 322 ; v. 360 

pudu, v. 355 

pygargus, iv. 318 ; v. 359 

tragelaphus, iv. 26. 319 ; v. 359 
Ox, iv. 28 

Alderney, iv. 424 

Bornou, iv. 426 

Cape, V. 371 

common, iv. 28 

domestic, iv. 418 

fossil musk, iv. 375; v. 370 

Galla, iv. 426 
F 



34 



INDEX. 



Ox, Guernsey, iv. 424 

Highland, iv. 423 

improved Leicester, iv, 422 

Lancaster, iv. 422 

long-horned, iv. 422 

middle-horned, iv. 422 

musk, iv, 31. 373 ; v. 370 

Orkney, iv. 423 

polled, iv. 423 

short-horned, iv. 422 

Welsh, iv, 423 

Zanga, iv. 426 
Oxypterus, v, 383 

Paart, berg, v. 296 

mountain, v, 296 
Paca Brasiliensibus, v. 273 

brown, iii. 247 ; v. 273 
femelle, v. 273 
yellow, v. 273 
Pacas, iii, 95 
Paco, iv, 6, 57 ; V. 299 
Pacos, V. 299 
Pacasse, v. 372 
Pachydermata, i, Ixxvii ; iii. 323 ; v. 285 

suppl, to the, iii. 345 
Pag, v, 273 
Pagasse, v, 371 
Pague, V, 273 
Palaeotherium, iii. 338 
Paletuveirs, v, 317 
Pallah, iv, 219; v. 334 
Palmiste, iii. 84 ; v, 253 
Pangolin, v. 282 

a queue courte, v. 282 
Pangolins, iii, 261 
Panther, ii, 51. 459 ; v, 165 

black, ii. 53 

of antiquity, v, 165 

of exhibitors, v, 1 64 

of the ancients, ii, 466 
Panthfere, v. 165 

femelle, v, 164 

male, v, 165 
Papio, i. 339. 349; v. 274 

apedia, v, 23 

cinerea, v, 22 

comatus, v, 20 

cynocephalus, v, 20 

leucophoeus, v. 22 

mormon, v. 21 

niger, v. 23 

Pennantii, v. 23 

porcarius, v. 20 

Silenus, v. 16 

sublutea, v. 22 

sus, v. 21 

sylvicola, v. 22 
Papion, i. 218 ; v. 20 



Papion, a perruque, i. 218 ; v. 21 
black, i. 218 
noir, V. 20 
petit, V. 20 
short-tailed, i. 219 
Paracyon, v. 192 
Paradoxurus, ii. 412; v. 158 
albifrons, v. 160 
aureus, v, 159 
common, v. 158 
golden, V. 159 
prehensile, v. 159 
prehensilis, v. 159 
typus, ii. 412; v. 158 
Paraeiasta, v. 121 
Pardalis of the ancients, ii. 51 
Paresseuxpentadactyle du Bengale,v. 47 
Parrah, v. 312 
Passan, iv. 19 ; v. 326 
Patas, i. 211.261 ; v. 13 

a queue courte, i. 217 ; v, 18 
Patira, iii, 334 
Pay, v, 273 
Peba, V, 276 
Pecari, v, 290 
Pecary, iii, 333 

collared, iii, 412; v, 289 
with collar, iii, 334 
Pecora, i, Ix. Ixxvi. ; iv. 1 ; v. 296 
Pedetes, iii. 80, 1 64 ; v, 242 

Capensis, v. 243 
Pedimana, i, Ixxvii. 
Pegasse, iv. 386 
Pegasus, v. 372 
Pekan, ii. 37 ; v. 124 
Pelage, v. 179 
Pelandok, iv. 66 ; v. 302 
Perameles, ii. 68 ; iii. 38 ; v. 194 
Bougainvillia, v. 195 
nasuta, ii. 69; iii. 39 ; v. 195 
obesula, iii. 39; v. 195 
with pointed muzzle, ii. 69 
Perouasca, ii. 34 
Petaurista Cookii, v. 198 
flaviventer, v. 199 
large-tailed, v. 199 
macroura, v. 199 
pygmsea, v. 200 
sciurea, v. 199 
squirrel, v. 199 
taguanoides, v. 198 
yellow-bellied, v. 199 
Petauristse, iii. 43 
Petaurus, ii. 71 

flaviventer, v. 199 
macrourus, v. 199 
Peronii, v. 200 
sciureus, v. 200 
southern, v. 199 



MAMMALIA. 



35 



Petaurus taguanoides, v. 199 
Pfang, V. 372 
Pflokfisch, V. 390 
Phalanger, bear-like, v. 197 

Cook's, ii. 71 ; iii. 42; v. 198 

dwarf, V. 198 

femelle, v. 196 

flying dwarf, ii. 72 ; iii. 44 

fox-like, ii. 71 ; v. 197 

great-flying, ii. 72 ; iii. 44 

long-tailed flying, ii. 72 ; iii. 45 

male, v. 196 

red, V. 196 

spotted, V. 196 

tauguanoides, v. 199 

volant, grand, v. 199 

volant k grande queue, v. 199 

vulpine, iii. 41 

yellow-tufted, V. 197 
Phalangers, ii. ^0 ; iii. 40 

flying, ii. 71 ; ii'- 43 
Phalangista, ii. 70 ; v. 196 

alba, v. 196 

chrysorrhu, v. 197 

Cookii, iii. 42; v. 198 

maculata, v. 196 

nana, v. 198 

Papuensis, v. 196 

Peronii, v. 200 

petaurus, v. 199 

pygmaea, v. 200 

rufa, V. 196 

sciurea, v. 200 

ursina, v. 197 • 

vulpina, v. 197 
Phascochxrus, iii. 333 ; v. 289 

Africanus, v. 289 
Phascogale, v. 194 

minimus, v. 194 

penicillata, v. 194 
Phascolarctos, v. 204 

fuscus, iii. 50 ; v. 205 

koala, V. 205 
Phascolomes, ii. 77 
Phascolomys, ii. 77 : "i- 52 ; v. 205 

fusca, V. 206 

wombat, v. 206 
Phatagin, iii. 262 ; v. 282 
Phattager, v. 282 
Phe, le, V. 234 
Philander, v. 187 

Africanus, v. 188 
maximus Orientalis, v. 187 
Philandre de Surinam, v. 188 
Philantomba, v. 349 
Phoca, ii. 56; v. 175 

Ansonii, v. 180, 181 
barbata, v. 178 

Byronii, ii. 509; v. 181 



Phoca Coxii, v. 181 

cristata, ii. 58. 507; v. I79 
discolor, v. 177 
fcetida, v. 178 
Falklandica, v. 183 
fasciata, v. 181 
flavescens, v. 183 
Groenlandica, ii. 57 
hispida, v. 178 ; v. 177. 181 
jubata, ii. 59. 508; v. 184 
lagura, v. 177- 181 
leonina, ii. 58; v. 179 
leporina, v. I76. 181 
leptonyx, ii. 507; v. 178. 181 
lupina, v. 181 
maculata, v. 176 
major, v. 178 
mitrata, v. 179 
monachus, ii. 58 ; v. 178 
oceanica, v. 177 
Peronii, v. 182 
proboscidea, v. 180 
pusilla, ii. 59. 508 ; v. 182 
semilunai-is, v. 177 
testudinea, v. 181 
ursina, ii. 59. 509 ; v. 182 
vitulina, ii. 57; v. 176. 181 
vitulina Bothiouica, v. I76 
Caspica, v. 176 
Sibirica, v. 176 
Phocae, ii. 495 
Phocsena, iv. 436 ; v. 383 
Pholidolus longicaudatus, v, 282 
Phoque k museau ride, v. 181 
a ventre blanc, v. ] 78 
commune, v. 176 
des Patagons, v. 180 
grand, v. 178 
nutsoak, V. 178 
petit, V. 182 
Phyldcis, ii. 68 
Phyllostoma, ii. 8 ; v. 68 

crenulatum, ii. 10; v. 68 
elongatum, v. 69 
hastatum, v. 69 
lilium, V. 71 
lineatum, v. 70 
perspieillatum, ii. 127 
planirostra, v, 69 
rotundum, v. 70 
soricinum, ii. 128; v. 73 
spectrum, ii. 126; v. 71 
Phyllostomes, ii. 8 
Physalus, iv. 469 ; v. 388 
Physeter, iv. 438 ; v. 327 

catodon, iv. 469; v. 388 
dorso pinna longa, v. 3;!8 
macrocephalus, v. 388 
microps, v. 388 
F 2 



36 



INDEX. 



Physeter sulcatus, v. 389 

trumpo, V. 388 
Physeters, iv. 440, 4G9 
Pichiv, iii. 293 
Picka, V. 269 
Pig, Guinea, iii. 93 ; v. 2/0 

of Guinea, iii. 406 

of New Guinea, v. 288 

Siamese, iii. 406 

Turkish, iii. 406 
Pika, iii. 222 ; v. 269 

calling, iii. 227 

grey, iii. 226 ; v. 269 
Pilosello, V. 154 
Pinche, i. 226 
Pinnipeda, i. Ixxi.x. 
Pipistrelle, ii. 13. 151 ; v. 89 
Pithecia, i. 224 ; v. 35 

chiropotes, v. 36 

leucocephala, v. 37 

melanocepbala, v. 37 

miriquonina, v. 36 

monachus, v. 37 

ochrocephala, v. 37 

rufibarba, v. 36 

rufiventer, i. 225 ; v. 36 

satanas, v. 35 
Pithecus, i. 207- 348 ; v. 5. 18, 19 

agilis, V. 7 

inuus, V. 19 

lar, V. 6 

leuciscus, V. 6 

nemestrinus, v. 18 

rhesus, v. 18 

satyrus, v. 5 

variegatus, v. 6 

Wurmbii, v. 5 
Pitheque, v. 19 
Plantigrades, i. Ixxvii. ; ii. 25. 217 ; v. 

Ill 
Platogna, v. 306 
Platyceros, v. 306 
Platycerine group, iv. 84 
Platypus, iii. 264 

anatinus, v. 284 

duck-billed, v. 285 
Platypyga, v. 271 
Platyrhinque, v. 184 
Plecotus, ii. 14; v. 96 

auritus, v. 96 

barbastellus, v. 97 

Maugei, v. 97 
Timoriensis, v. 98 

velatus, V. 98 
Poephagus, v. 375 
Pointer, ii. 41. 335; v. 139 
Poisson a sabre, v. 384 
Polatouche, iii. 191 ; v. 259 

barbed, v. 260 



Polatouche fleche, v. 260 

Sapan, v. 259 
Polatouches, iii. 84 
Polecat, V. 1 20 

Alpine, v. 120 

Cape, ii. 35. 291 

common, ii. 34. 285 

of Catesby, v. 128 

of Kalm, V. 127 

of Poland, ii. 34 

of Siberia, ii. 35 

of the northern rivers, ii. 35 

radiated, ii. 46 

water, ii. 291 
Polecats, ii. 34. 285 
Pollicata, i. Ixxviii. 
Pone, le, v. 224 
Pongo, i. 295. 351 ; v. 5 
Pongos, i. 220 
Poodle, V. 138 
Pope, V. 114 

Porcellus Indicus, v. 271 
Pore-epic, v. 262 

de Malacca, v. 262 
Porcupine, Brazilian, v. 264 

brush-tailed, iii. 207 I v. 262 

Canada, iii. 206 ; v. 263 

crested, v. 261 

common, iii. 87 - 

hairy, iii. 88 

iridescent, v. 263 

long-tailed, v. 262 

Malacca, iii. 207 

maned, iii. 87 

Marsden's, v. 262 

Mexican, v. 263 

pencillated tail, iii. 88 ; v. 262 

prehensile-tailed, iii. 88. 208 

rice -tailed, v. 262 
Porcupines, iii. 87 
Porcus, V. 288 

aculeatus, v. 101 

aculeatus sylvestris, v. 263 
Porpoise, iv. 453 
Porpus, V. 383 

common, iv. 436 
Porpusses, iv. 436 
Portacine group, iv. 362 
Portax, v. 366 
Poto, ii. 262 
Potoroo, ii. 74 ; iii. 46 
Potorous, v. 200 

Lesuerii, v. 201 

murinus, v. 201 

Peronii, v. 201 
Potot, V. 115 
Potto, ii. 29; v. 49. 115 
Pottos caudivolvulus, v. 115 
Prensiculantia, i. Ixxviii. 



MAMMALIA. 



37 



Presbytis, v. ^ 

mitrula, v. 7 
Press, ii. 214 
Primates, i. Ix. 
Priodontes, v. 277 
Prionodon, ii. 412 ; v. 160 

gracilis, ii. 412; v. 160 
Proboscidea, v. 87 

rivalis, v. 87 

river, v. 87 

rock, V. 87 

saxatilis, v. 87 
Prochilus uvsinus, v. 113 
Procyon, ii. 28. 246; v. 113 

cancrivorus, ii. 252; v. 114 

lotor, V. 114 
Prosimia, v. 44 

albifrons, v. 46 

albimanus, v. 45 

catta, V. 44 

cinereus, v. 47 

collaris, v. 46 

fulvus, V. 45 

macaco, v. 44 

mongooz, v. 45 

niger, v. 45 

nigrifrons, v. 46 

ruber, v. 44 

rufus, V. 46 
Pro teles, v. 155 

Lalandii, v. 156 
Pseudotoma, v. 235 
Pteromys, iii. 84. 190 ; v. 259 

bright, V. 260 

genibarbis, iii. 194; v. 260 

lepidus, V. 261 

nitidus, v. 260 

petaurista, v. 260 

sagitta, V. 260 

Sibiricus, v. 259 

volucella, v. 259 
Pteropus, ii. 4. 102; v. 54 

^gyptiacus, ii. 6 ; v. 57 

amplexicaudatus, ii. 6. 108 ; v. 

57 
edulis, ii. 5. 104 ; v. 54 
Edwardsii, ii. 5 ; v. 55 
fuscus, V. 55 
griseus, ii. 6. 108; v. 55 
Javanicus, ii. 105; v. 54 
Leschenaultii, v. 66 
marginatus, ii. 6 ; v. 57 
minimus, ii. 6. 108 ; v. 58 
palliatus, ii. 110; v. 58 
rostratus, v. 56 
rubricoUis, ii. 5 ; v. 55 
stramineus, ii. 6. 108 ; v. 57 
vulgaris, ii. 5 ; v. 55 
Puant of Lepage, v. 127 



Pug, V. 142 

bastard, ii. 338 

Puma, ii. 52.436; v. 163 

Putois, V. 120 

du Cap, V. 123 

raye des Indes, v. 155 

Putorii, ii. 285 

Putorius, ii. 34; v. 119 
Alpinus, V. 120 
Altaica, v. 120 
erminea, v. 122 
lutreola, v. 122 
nudipes, v. 121 
Sarmatica, v. 121 
Sibirica, v. 122 
vulgaris, v. 120 
zorilla, v. 123 

Putsche, v. 305 

Pygargon, v. 359 

Pygathrix nemaeus, v. 9 

Pyrame, v. 137 



QuACCHA, v. 295 

Quachi Valmont de Bomare, v. 115 

Quadrumana, i. Ixxvii. 205 ; v. 4 

addit. remarks on the, i, 332 
suppl. on the, i. 231 

Quantla mazame, v. 315 

Qu'araho, v. 371 

Quatreceil, v. 187 

Quatto, V. 24 

Quica, V. 187 

Quickhatch, v. 117 

Quocuya, v. 223 

Quouiya d'Azara, iii. 73 



Rabbit, iii. 90. 216 ; v. 266 

American, iii. 91 

Angora, v. 266 

collared, v. 268 

long-nosed, v. 271 

of Aroe, ii. 76 

Russian, v. 266 

Siberian, iii. 90 
Racoon, ii. 246; v. 114 

brown-throated, v. J 14 

common, ii. 246 

crab,ii. 252; v. 114 

crab-eater, ii. 29 

of the Anglo-Americans, ii. 28 

yellow, V. 114 
Racoonda, v. 222 
Racoons, ii. 28 
Rangifer, v. 304 
Rangiferine group, iv. 79 
Raphicerine group, iv. 252 
Raphicerus, v. 342 



38 



INDEX. 



Rasse, ii. 383; v. 153 
Rat a bande noire, v. 227 

Alexandrian, v. 225 

Angouya, v. 230 

Baikal, v. 211 

bandicote, iii. 126 

black, V. 225. 232 

black-footed, v. 231 

blind, iii. 101 

bristle-bearing, v. 229 

brown, iii. 74. 128; v. 224 

Canada, v. 235 

Caraco, v. 224 

common, iii. 73; v. 225 

Daurian, v. 216 

d'eau, V. 209 

de Madagascar, v. 48 

Donovan's, v. 230 

Egyptian, v. 232 

fauve, V. 227 

field, iii. 132 

fifth of Azara, v. 230 

first of Azara, v. 218 

Florida, iii. 160 

fourth of Azara, v. 231 

great-headed, v. 231 

hamster, v. 233 

hare- tailed, v. 216 

Hudson's Bay, v. 217 

Iceland, v. 229 

Indian, v. 225 

kanguroo, ii. 73, 7-1 ; iii- 46 ; v. 
201 

Laucha, v. 231 

long-eared, v. 231 

long-legged, iii. 158 

Malabar, v. 223 

meadow, v. 209 

moles, iii. 77 

musk, V. 208 

musk, of Canada, iii. 67 

musque de Canada, v. 208 

nain, v. 211 

Norway, v. 224 

ceconomic, v. 210 

palmiste, v. 253 

Perchal, iii. 74 ; v. 232 

Pharaoh's, ii. 47; v. 156 

Potooroo, V. 201 

pouched, iii. 134 

prickly, of Azara, iii. 71 

red, of Azara, v. 230 

ringed, v. 217 

rock, V. 210 

Russian musk, ii. IS 

sand, V. 234 

second, of Azara, v. 231 

seventh, of Azara, v, 231 

Sitnic, V. 227 



Rat, sixth, of Azara, v. 231 

sky-coloured, v. 214 

small field, iii. 68 

social, V. 211 

Songar, v. 234 

spiny, V. 218 

Surinam, v. 196 

tamarisk, v. 239 

third, V. 230 

two-coloured tailed, v. 229 

water, iii. 67 ; v. 209 

wood, V. 232 

wood, of Cayenne, v. 256 

wood, of RaflSnesque, v. 232 

volant, V. 83 

Yaik, V. 233 

zaryzin, v. 234 
Ratel, ii. 33; v. 118 
Ratellus, v. 118 
Raton Crabier, v. 114 
Rats, iii. 66. 126 

American spineless, v. 230 

kanguroo, ii. 73 ; iii. 46 

spineless, of the old continent, 
v. 223 

spiny, iii. 117; v. 232 
Rattel, ii. 279; v. 118 
Redunca, v. 337 
Reduncine group, iv. 237 
Rehe rehbock, v. 314 
Remau-dahan, v. 164 
Renard, v. 147 

argente, v. 148 

gris, v. 148 

noir, V. 148 
Renne, v. 305 
Renuthies, v. 305 
Reptantia, i. Ixxix. 
Rheebock, red, iv. 239 

riet, iv. 241 
Rhesus, i. 217. 289, v. 18 
Rhinoceros, iii. 336. 419; v. 290 

Africanus, iii. 337; v. 291 

bicornis, iii. 422 ; v. 291 

bicornis Sumatrensis, v. 291 

Camperis, v. 291 

caraus, V. 292 

Indian, iii. 336. 424 ; v. 290 

Indicus, iii. 336 ; v. 290 

simus, V. 292 

sinusis, iii. 428 

Sondaicus, v. 291 

Sumatran, two-horned, v. 291 

of Sumatra, iii. 336; v. 291 

Sumatrensis, iii. 336; v. 291 

two-horned, iii. 422 

unicornis, v. 290 
Rhinolophe cruminifera, v. 77 
Rhinolophi, ii. 1 1 ' , . 



MAMMALIA. 



39 



Rhinolophus, ii. 11 ; v. 75 

affinis, V. 78 

bifer, ii. 11 

bihastatus, v. 76 

deformis, v. 79 

diadema, v. 77 

fen-um equinum, v. 76 

■ferrum equinum minor, v. 76 

larvatus, v 78 

major, v. 76 

marsupialls, v. 77 

minor, v. 78 

nobilis, v. 78 

purse, ii. 119 

speoros, ii. 119 ; v. 77 

tridens, v. 77 

unihastatus, v. 76 

vulgaris, v. 78 
Rhinopoma, v. 80 

Carolinensis, v. 81 

microphylla, v. 80 
Rhinopome microphyle, ii. 12 ; v. 80 
Rliinopomes, ii. 12 
Rietbock, iv. 237 
Rimau bulu, ii. 484; v. 171 

Dahan, ii. 451 
Rishya, v. 367 
Rodentia, i. Ixxvii. ; iii. 61 ; v. 207 

suppl. to the, iii. 96 
Roe, Tartarian, iv. 122 ; v. 313 
Roebuck, iv. 124; v. 314 

American, v. 317 

fossil, iv. 126 

of Europe, iv. 13 

of India, iv. 13 

of Tartary, iv. 13 
Roloway, i. 212; v. 13 
Rona, le, v. 211 
Rosmarus, v. 185 

Indicus, v. 380 
Rossomak, ii. 31 
Rougette, v. 55 

of Buffon, ii. 5. 107 
Roussette, v. 55 

a oreilles bordees, v. 58 

amplexicaude, v. 57 

black, ii. 5 

bordered, v. 57 

of BufFon, ii, 5 

collared, ii. 5 

common, ii. 107 ; v. 55 

eatable, ii. 104 

of Edwards, ii. 5. 107 I v. 55 

Egyptian, v. 57 

grey, ii. 108; v. 55 

kiodote, v. 58 

long-tailed, v. 57 

mantled, ii. 110 ; v. 58 

red-collared, v. 55 



Roussette, red-necked, ii. 107 

spotted, V. 56 
Roussettes, ii. 4. 13. 102 
Ruminantia, i. Ixxvii ; iv. 1 ; v. 296 

suppl. to the, iv. 33 
Ruminants with hollow horns, iv. 15 
Rupicapra, v. 353 

Americana, v. 354 
Rupicaprine group, iv. 281 
Ruru, V. 312 
Rasa, V. 309. 311 

black, of Bengal, iv. 110 

Etam, female of, v. 31 1 

Gona, iv. 108; v. 310 

great, iv. 105 ; v. 309 

group, iv. 104 

Malayan, iv. 112 

of Malacca, iv. 115; v. 311 

of the Mariannas, iv. 115; v. 
311 

of Timor, iv. 114; v. 311 

Ubi, v. 320 
Rytina, iv. 432 
Ryzeena, ii. 48. 404 ; v. 158 



Sabbel, v. 124 

Sable, ii. 36. 294; v. 124 

le, V. 234 
Saccopteryx lepturus, v. 82 
Ssegau, V. 305 
Sagoin, i. 351 ; v. 33 

black-handed, v. 34 

Jacchus, i. 351 

mitred, v. 34 

ouistiti, i. 351 

ruffed, V. 33 
Saguinus ursulus, v. 41 
Sai, i. 223 ; v. 32 

a gorge blanche, v. 32 

var., v. 29 
Saiga, iv. 17. 226 
Saija, V. 313 

Saimiri, i. 224. 307 ; v. 33 
Sajou, i. 223 ; v. 29 

brun, V. 29 

brun var., v. 30 

cornu, V. 32 

grey, v. 29 

gris, v. 29 

horned, i. 224. 307 
Saki, V. 36, 37 

black, i. 225 

hand-drinking, v. 36 

red-bearded, v. 36 

red-bellied, i. 225 

yellow-headed, v. 37 
Saladang, iii. 434 
Salientia, i. Ixxviii. 



40 



INDEX. 



Sanglier, iii. 331 ; v. 288 

k masque, v. 288 

d'Afrique, v. 289 

de Madagascar, iii. 332 ; v. 288 

du Cap, V. 289 

masked, iii. 332 
Sanglin, v. 38 
Sapajou, bearded, v. 29 

black, V. 30 

crowned, v. 32 

ndgre, v. 30 

ouavapavi, v. 31 

paniscus, i. 351 

spectacle, v. 31 

varied, v. 30 

yellow, V. 30 

yellow-chested, v. 31 
Sapajous, i. 221 

common, i. 222 
Sapan, iii. 192 
Saricovienne, la, v. 118 

de la Guyane, v. 130 
Sarigue, ii. 63; v. 187 

k long poil, V. 186 

crab-eating, iii- 30 

de Cayenne, v. 187 

des Illinois, v. 186 

four-eyed, ii. 65 ; iii. 31 

great, of Cayenne, ii. 65 

middle-sized, ii. 65 

with bicoloured ears, ii. 64 
Sarigues, ii. 63 

Sarigues a oreilles bicolores, v. 186 
Sariguoi, ii. 63 
Sasi, V. 337 
Sasin, v. 337 
Sassasby, iv. 352. 363 
Saumer, iv. 110; v. 310 
Sauteur des rochers, v. 340 
Scalope, ii. 190 

of Canada, ii. 91. 191 
Scalopes, ii. 19. 174 
Scalops, ii. 191 ; v. 107 

Canadensis, ii. 191 ; v. 107 
Schakal, v. 146 

Barbary, v. 146 

Cape, V. 146 
Schelch, V. 306 
Schermaus, v. 212 
Sciuropterus, v. 259 
Sciurus, iii. 82. 172; v. 248 

Abyssinicus, v. 258 

sestuans, v. 256 

affinis, iii. 188; v. 251 

albiceps, v. 251 

albovittatus, v. 257 

Alpinus, iii. 176; v. 249 

annidatus, iii. 190; v. 257 

anomalus, v. 258 



Sciurus avellanarius, v. 221 

bicolor, iii. 180; v. 251 
bilineatus, v. 251 
bivittatus, v. 257 
Braziliensis, v. 257 
capistratus, iii. 81 ; v. 253 
Carolinensis, v. 254 
Ceylonensis, v. 250 
Ceylonicus, v. 250 
cinereus, iii. 83. 177; v. 254 
Virginianus major, v. 254 
Clarkii, v. 255 
degus, V. 221 
Dschinchicus, v. 257 
epilepticus, v. 220 
erythraeus, v. 258 
erythropus, v. 257 
felenus, v. 259 
Finlaysonii, v. 252 
flavus, V. 258 
Getulus, iii. 83. 185; v. 228. 

253 
Ginginianus, v. 256 
glis, V. 220 
grammurus, v. 255 
Hudsonius, iii. 84 
Indicus, V. 258 
insignis, iii. 187; v. 256 
Javanensis, v. 251 
lateralis, v. 255. 259 
Leschenaultii, v. 251 
Ludoviciana, v. 254 
macrourus, iii. 83 ; v. 250. 255 
Madagascariensis, iii. 86 ; v, 51. 

250 
magnicaudatus, v. 255 
maximus, iii. 83. 184 ; v. 249 
melanotus, v. 259 
nigrovittatus, v. 252 
palmarum, iii. 84 ; v. 252 
penicillata, v. 253 
Persicus, v. 258 
petaurista, v. 260 
phaiopus, V. 259 
, platani, v. 251 
Prevostii, v. 250 
pusillus, V. 256 
quadrivittatus, v. 255 
quercinus, v. 220 
ruber, v. 259 
rubrilineatus, v. 254 
rufiventer, v. 254 
sagitta, iii. 85. 194 ; v. 260 
striatus, iii. 84 
tamaricinus, v. 239 
tenuis, iii. 188; v. 252 
tridecim lineatus, iii. 171 ; v. 

247 
variegatus, v. 253 



MAMMALIA. 



41 



Sciurus vittatus, v. 257 

volans, iii. 85. 191 ; v. 259 
voliicella, iii. 85. 191 ; v. 259 
vulgaris, iii. 82 ; v. 249 
Zeylonicus, v. 250 
Scotophilus, V. 84 

Kuhlii, V. 84 
Scythicus volans, v. 259 
Seal, bearded, v. 178 
black, v. 181 

bottle-nosed, ii. 58; v. 181 
brown-eared, ii. 509 
common, ii. 57; v. 17C. 181 
covfled, V. 179 
crescent, ii. 57 
eared, v. 183 
Falkland Island, v. 183 
fetid, V. 178 
great, v. 178 
Greek, v. 179 
Greenland, v. 177 
hare, v. 17G 
harp, v. 177 
hooded, ii. 58. 507 
leonine, v. 184 
little, ii. 509 
long-necked, v. 181 
maned, ii. 59 
Mediterranean, v. 179 
Peron's, v. 180 
proboscis, v. 180 
red, v. 179 
red-eared, ii. 509 
ribbon, v. 181 
small-clawed, v. 178 
speckled, v. 181 
spotted, V. 181 
i tiger, V. 181 

tortoise-headed, v. 181 
two-coloured, v. 177 
white-bellied, ii. 58 
white-tailed, v. 177 
wolf, V. 181 
yellow, ii. 59 
Seals, ii. 56. 495 

king of, V. 181 
Segh, V. 306 
Seloc, V. 375 
Semnopithecus, v. 9 
comatus, v. 10 
entellus, v. 10 
Maurus, v. 10 
melalophus, v. 10 
pruinosus, v. 10 
Seraph, v. 321 
Seraphah, v. 321 
Sevotine, ii. 150 

de la Guyane, giande, v. 91 
great, v. 91 
Cuv. Index. 



N 



Serval, ii. 481 ; v. 167 
Setiger ecaudatus, v. 109 
inaiiris, v. 109 
variegatus, v. 109 
Setter, ii. 333 
Sewellel, v. 245 
Sheep, the, iv. 25 

Ardennoise, iv. 342 
Astracan, iv. 329 
Barbary, iv. 328 
bearded, iv. 319 
big-horned, iv. 318 
black-faced heath, iv, 337 
Cheviot, iv. 341 
Circassian, iv. 330 
Congo, iv. 326 
Cretan, iv. 331 
Dishley, iv. 340 
domestic, iv. 324 ; v. 361 
Dorset, iv. 337 
dun-faced, iv. 338 
Egyptian broad-tailed, iv. 328 
fat-rumped, iv. 330 
Flemish, iv. 341 
goitered, iv. 327 
Guinea, iv. 326 
Hardwicke, iv. 341 
Hebridean, iv. 339 
Herefordshire, iv. 338. 340 
Hottentot broad-tailed, iv. 327 
long-legged, iv. 325 
many-horned, iv. 331 
Merino, iv. 332 
Morocco, iv. 326 
Mysore, iv. 330 
New Leicester, iv. 340 
Norfolk, iv. 337 
Roussillonne, iv. 342 
South Down, iv. 340 
Solognot, iv. 341 
Teeswater, iv. 340 
Wallachian, iv. 332 
wild, V. 359 
Wiltshire, iv. 338 
Zetland, iv. 339 
Shial, V. 375 

Shrew, Cape, ii. 183; v. 103 
collared, v. 104 
common, ii. 17; v. 102 
Daubenton's, ii. 177 
flat-tailed, v. 102 
Indian, ii. 183; v. 103 
musk, v. 105 
oared, ii. 182; v. 103 
rat-tailed, ii. 184; v. 104 
square-tailed, V. 102 
streaked, v. l(»3 
striped, ii. 181 
Tuscan, v. 104 



42 



INDEX. 



Shrew, water, ii. 18. 177; v. 102 

white-toothed, ii. 181 ; v. 103 
Shrews, ii. 17. 172 
Si-nyn, v. 375 
Siagous, ii. 490 
Siamang, i. 255; v. fi 
Sicista, V. 228 
Sigmodon, v. 213 
Sikistan, v. 227 
Simia, i. 20G. 339. 348. 350 ; v. 4. 19 

iEthiops, i. 211 ; v. IG 

agrias, v. 5 

amicta, v. 34 

apedia, v. 23 

apella, i. 223 ; v. 29 

argentata, i. 227 ; v. 40 

Atys, V. 16 

auritus, v. 39 

aygula, i. 216 

Belzebuth, i. 222. 305 ; v. 27 

capileata, i. 278 

rapucina, i. 223 ; v. 32 

cephus, i. 213; v. 12 

chiropotes, v. 36 

cinerea, v. 23 

comosa, v. 8 

cyanocephala, i. 216; v. 18. 20 

cynomolgus, i. 216 ; v. 18 

cynosurus, i. 212; v. 14 

dentata, v. II 

Diana, i. 212 ; v. 13 

Diana faunus, v. 13 

entellus, i. 210; v. 10 

erythrea, i. 217- 2.90; v. 18 

fatuellus, i. 224 ; v. 31 

faunus, i. 212; v. 14 

ferox, V. 16 

ferruginea, v. 8 

flava, V. 30 

fuliginosa, i. 211 

fusca, V. 19 

Geoffroyi, v. 39 

Hamadryas, i. 218 ; v. 21 

humeralifer, v. 39 

hypoleuca, v. 32 

inuus, i. 215 ; v. 19 

Jacchus, i. 226; v. 38 

lagotliricha, v. 26 

lar, i. 208 ; v. 6 

leonina, i. 216; v. 16. 42 

leucisca, i. 209. 258 ; v. 6 

leucophoea, i. 219 ; v. 22 

longimana, i. 253; v. 6 

lugens, i. 320 ; v. 33 

maimon, i. 219 ; v. 21 

Maura, i. 211 

melalophus, v. 10 

melanocephala, i. 318; v. 38 

Midas, i. 226 ; v. 40 



Simia, mona, i. 212; v. 12 

monacha, i. 212; v. 12 
mormon, i. 219 ; v. 21 
nasalis, v. 9 
nasica, i. 213 ; v 9 
nemaea, i. 214 ; v. 9 
nemestrina, i. 217; v. 18 
nictitans, i. 213; v. 12 
nigra, v. 13 
CEdipus, i. 226; v. 43 
paniscus, i. 223 ; v. 24 
patas, V. 13 
personata, v. 33. 275 
petaurista, i. 213; v. 13 
pileata, v. 12 
pithecia, i. 225 ; v. 36 
pithecus, i. 215; v. 19 
platypygos, i. 217 ; v. 19 
polycomus, v. 7 
porcaria, i. 218 ; v. 20 
pygmaea, v. 4 
roloway, v. 13 
rosalia, i. 226 ; v. 42 
rubra, i. 21 1 
Sabaa, i. 212; v. 14 
sangulata, v. 35 
satanas, i. 225. 318 
satyra, i. 207 
satyrus, i. 350 ; v, 4 
sciurea, i. 224 ; v. 33 
seniculus, i. 222 ; v. 26 
silenus, i. 216. 285; v. 16 
silvanus, i. 215 ; v. 19 
Sinica, i. 216; v. 17 
sphyngiola, i. 218; v. 20 
sphynx, i. 218; v. 21 
sublutea, v. 22 
syndactyla, i. 255 ; v. 6. 
sylvestris, i. 219 
sylvicola, v. 22 
talapoin, v. 11 
trivirgata, i. 313 
trepida, v. 30 
Troglodytes, i. 209 ; v. 4 
ursina, i. 218; v. 20 
veter, v. 11 
villosa, V. 10 

Simpai, v. 10 

Simung, v. 132 

Sinaethere, v. 264 

prehensilis, v. 264 

Singe a queue de Cochon, v. 18, 19 
cheiropotes, i. 316 
de Moco, i. 218; v. 21 
de nuit, v. 36 
de Wurmb. v. 5 
noir, i. 218 ; v. 20 
vert, V. 14 

Sins ring, ii. 212 



MAMMALIA. 



43 



Siren, iv. 432 

Sirenia, v. 377 

Skunk, V. 127 

Sleeper, v. 221 

Sloth, New Holland, v. 205 

of Bengal, i. 229 

three-toed, v. 274 

two-toed, V. 275 

ursiform, v. 113 

ursine, ii. 238 
Sloths, iii. 252. 266 
Sobol, V. 124 

Solidungula, i. Ixxvi. Ixxviii. 
Solipeda, i. Ixxvii. 
Solipedes, iii. 340 
Soora Goy, v. 375 
Sorex, ii. 17. 172; v. 101 

aquaticus, ii. 19. 174. 191 ; v. 
105. 107 

araneus, ii. 17; v. 102 

araneus maximus, v. 104 

araneus maximus Capeiisis, ii. 
184 

auratus, ii. 174 

Brasiliensis, ii. 174 ; v. 105 

coecutiens, v. 104 

Capensis, v. 103 

carinatus, ii. 178; v. 102 

collaris, V. 104 

constrictus, ii. 179; v. 102 

cristatus, ii. 23. 174. 210; v. 
105. 110 

cunicularis, v. 103 

Daubentonii, ii. 173, v. 102 

Etruscus, V. 104 

exilis, V. 104 

fodiens, ii. 18 ; v. 102 

glis, V. 106 

Javanica, ii. 211 

Indicus, ii. 183; v. 103 

leucodon, ii. 181 ; v. 103 

lineatus, ii. 181 ; v. 103 

minimus, v. 104 

minutus, v. 104 

moschatus, ii. 18. 174; v. 105 

Moschoviticus, v. 105 

muvinus, v. 104 

myosurus, ii. 184 ; v. 104 

pusillus, V. 105 

pygmaeus, v. 104 

remifer, ii. 182; v. 103 

Surinamensis, ii. 174 

tetragonurus, ii. I78 ; v. 102 
Souslik, iii. 81. 169 ; v. 246 
Spalax, iii. 77. 160 

major, v. 241 

microphthalmiis, v. 241 

minor, v. 216 

vittata, V. 242 



Spaniel, ii. 41. 332; v. 136 

Alpine, ii. 333; v. 137 

great water, ii. 334 

King Charles', v. 137 

little, V. 137 

Newfoundland, v. 137 

smaller, ii. 333 
Spasm of Ternate, ii. 11 
Spatling, V. 88 
Spermophilus, v. 246 
Sphiggurus, v. 264 

hairy, v. 264 

spiny, V. 264 

villosus, V. 264 
Springbock, iv. 17 
Squirrel, allied, v. 251 

Alpine, iii. I76; v. 249 

annulated, v. 257 

aye aye, v. 51 

Barbary, iii. 185 ; v. 253 

barking, v. 248 

black, V. 253 

black banded, v. 252 

Bokol, V. 256 

burrowing, v. 245 

Carolina, iii. 177 ; v. 254 

Ceylon, v. 250 

Chilian, V. 221. 

Clarke's, v. 255. 

common, iii. 82. 172 ; v. 249 

common flying, v. 259 

European flying, v. 259 

federation, v. 247 

Finlayson's, v. 252 

flying, iii. 85. 194; v. 259 

four banded, v. 255 

Georgian, v. 258 

gingi, iii. 189; v. 256 

grey, iii. 83. 177; v. 254 

great, iii. ] 84 ; v. 249 

ground, iii. 84 ; v. 247 

guerlinguet, v. 256 

of Hudson's Bay, iii. 84 

Javan, v. 251 

large, iii. 83 

large-tailed, v. 255 

Leschenaull's, iii. 179; v. 251 

Lewis's, iii. 190; v. 257 

line-tailed, v. 255 

long tailed, v. 250 

JMadagascar, v. 250 

masked, iii. 83. 178; v. 253 

Mexican, v. 258 

Norfolk Island, v. 200 

palm, iii. 185 ; v. 252 

plantain, v. 251. 258 

Prevost's, v. 250 

red-bellied, v. 254 

red river, v. 254 

g2 



44 



INDEX. 



Squirrel, ruddy, v. 258 

sailing, v. 200 

Siberian flying, iii. 191 

side marked, v. 255 

slender, v. 252 

two banded, v. 257 

two coloured, v. 251 

two rayed, v. 251 

white striped, v. 253 
Squirrels, iii. 82 
Stag, iv. 8. 90 ; v. 307 

of America, v. 308 

Barbary, v. 307 

Canadian, iv. 12. 9(J 

Cape, iv. 18 

common, iv. 11 

Corsican, v. 307 

fossil of America, iv. 104 ; v. 
309 

great water, v. 31 1 

Indian, iv. 12 

Jamboe, v. 311 

of Louisiana, iv. 12 

Nepaul, iv. 103; v. 309 

north-western, iv. 101 ; v. 308 

of Virginia, iv. 12 
Steatopyga, iv. 330 
Steenbock, iv. 248 

Vlackte, iv. 249 
Stellere, v. 380 

northern, v. 380 
Stelleres, iv. 432. 448 ; v. 380 

Borealis, v. 380 
Stematope, v. 179 
Stenoderma, v. 66 

rufa, V. 67 
Stenoderme, v. 67 

roux, V. 67 
Stenodermes, ii. 8. 
Stenops, i. 229; v. 47 

Bengalensis, v. 47 

gracilis, v. 47 
Stentor flavicaudatus, v. 27 

fuscus, V. 27. 

niger, v. 28 

seniculus, v. 26 

stramineus, v. 27 
ursinus, v. 27 
Stepnie barani, v. 359 
Stoat, v. 122 

Strepsiceros, iv. 359 ; v. 328 
Strepsicerotine group, iv. 359 
Stylocerine group, iv. 143 
Stylocerus, v. 319 
Subr, V. 373 
Subulo, V. 318 
Subulonine group, iv. 139 
Snhah, v. 336 
Sukerkan le, v. 216 



Sulok, v. 336 ■ • ; 

Sulgam, vi. 269 
Suricata, v. 158 

Capensis, v. 158 
Suricate, ii. 399 ; v. 158 
Surikate, ii. 48 ; v. 158 
Surmulot, iii. 74. 128 ; v. 224 
Sus, iii. 330. 401 ; v. 287 

Africanus, iii. 332 ; v. 288 

Angalla, v. 289 

aper, v. 288 

aquaticus multisulus, v. 293 

babiroussa, iii. 332. 408 ; v. 288 

ferus, v. 288 

hydrochoerus, v. 270 

koiroptamus, v. 288 

Tajassa, iii. 334 

larvatus, iii. 332. 407 ; v. 288 

maximus palustris, v, 270 

Papuensis, v. 288 

scrofa, iii. 331. 402 ; v. 28? 

tagassu, V. 290 
Svartside, v. 1 77 
Swartside, ii. 57 
Swine, iii. 330. 401 
Swinewal, v. 388 



Tachyglossus, iii. 263 

Taguan, iii. 82 ; v. 260 

Taguicati, iii. 334 ; v. 290 

Taira, ii. 32. 278; v. 117 

Taitetou, iii. 334 

Tajassou, iii. 334. 413 ; v. 290 

Takhaitze, v. 325 

Talapoin, v. 11 

Talpa, ii. 22. 194 ; v. 108 

Asiatica, ii. 20. 193 ; v. 107 

cristata, ii. 23 

Europsea, ii. 23 ; v. 108 

fusca, ii. 191 ; v. 107 

longicaudata, v. 110 

maculata, v. 108 

rubra, ii. 20. 193 

Sibirica aurea, v. 107 

variegata, v. 108 

vulgaris, v. 108 
Tamandua, iii. 260. 303 ; v. 280 

Brasiliensibus, v. 280 

ganga, v. 280 
Tamanoir, iii. 260 ; v. 280 
Tamarin, i. 218. 226; v. 40 

black, i. 226 

leonine, v. 42 

negro, v. 41 

silky, V. 42 

white fronted, v. 41 

white lipped, v. 41 

yellow fronted, v, 11 



MAMMALIA. 



45 



Tamias, iii. 84 
Tanrec, v. 109 

jeune, v. 110 
Tao, V. 327 
Tapeti, iii. 221 

Brasiliensis, v. 268 
Tapliien filet, ii. 12 

perforated, ii. 12 
Taphiens, ii. 12 
Taphozous, ii. 12 

lepturus, V. 82 

Mauritianus, v. 82 

perforatus, v. 82 

Senegalensis, v. 81 
Tapiluies, v. 294 
Tapir, iii. 33!) ; v. 293 

American, iii. 431 ; v. 293 

Americanus, iii. 340 ; v. 293 

Indicus, V. 294 

Malay, iii. 433 ; v. 294 

Malayanus, v. 294 

Mapouri, v. 293 

Sumatrensis, v. 294 

thick nosed, v. 270 
Tapiti, V. 267 

Tapoa tafa, ii. 68; v. 193. 197 
Tapoo tafa, iii. 38 
Tapurete Brasiliensibus, v. 293 
Tarandus, v. 305 
Tardigrada, i. Ixxvii. Ixxix. 
Tardigradus, v. 274 

Ceylonicus catulus, v. 275 
Tardigrades, iii. 251 
Tarsier, v. 50 

Bankanus, v. 51 

fuscomanus, v. 51 

yellow headed, v. 50 
Tarsiers, i. 230 
Tarsius, i. 230 ; v. 50 

Bankanus, v. 51 

Daubentonii, v. 50 

Fischerii, v. 51 

fuscomanus, v. 51 

Pallasii v. 50 

spectrum, v. 50 
Tartarin, i. 218 ; v. 21 
Tatou apara, iii. 256 ; v. 276 

black, iii. 257 

eight-banded, v. 276 

giant, iii. 258 ; v. 277 

great, iii. 258 ; v. 277 

mataco, v. 276 

mulet, V. 277 

mustelinus, v. 277- 282 

nine banded, v. 276 

noir, V. 276 

peba, iii. 257 ; v. 276 

pichiy, V. 279 

poyou, V. 278 



Tatou, six banded, iii. 257 
tatouay, v. 277 
three banded, iii. 256 
twelve banded, iii. 257 
velu, V. 279 
Tatouay, iii. 257 
Tatouhou, V. 276 
Tatous, iii. 255 ; v. 278 
Tatusies, v. 276 
Taupe, V. 108 

de Canada, v. 110 

des Dunes, v. 242 

grande, du cap, v. 242 
Taurelephantes, v. 372 
Taurine group, iv. 411 
Taurus, v. 375 
Taxus, V. 116 

meles, ii. 275 
Taytetou, v. 290 
Tekus Urrok, v. 229 
Teledu, ii. 305 
Telagon, v. 129 
Ternary, v. 40 
Temnamazame, v. 355 
Tendrac, ii. 21. 207; v. 109 
Tenrac, varied, ii. 208 
Tenrec, ii. 21 ; v. 109 

radiated, ii. 22 ; v. 109 
Tenrecs, ii. 21. 206 
Tepemaxtla, v. 128 
Terrier, ii. 41. 331 

black and tan, v. 142 

Scotch, V. 143 
Tesbe, v. 331 
Teschichi, v. 141 
Tetracerine group, iv. 253 
Tetracerus, v. 343 

quadricornis, v. 344 
Thlaquatrin, ii. 63 
Thur, V. 376 
Thybais nasuta, v. 195 
Thylacinus Harrisii, v. 192 
Thylaris obesula, v. 195 
Thyroptera, v. 86 

three coloured, v. 86 

tricolor, v. 86 
Tiger, v. 163 

American, ii. 51 

Bengal, ii. 440 

black, ii. 473 

clouded, ii. 449; v. 164 

hunting of India, ii. 52 

litis, V. 121 

nebulose, ii. 449 

royal, ii. 50. 440 

tortoiseshell, ii. 450; v. 161 

white, ii. 444 
Tigre, le, v. 163 
Tigris Americana, v. 161 



46 



INDEX. 



Tigris fulva, v. 163 
Titi, i. 226. 312 ; v. 33 

de Carthageiie, v. 43 
Tjuja Tue, v. 298 
Tolai, V. 267 
Tolypeutes, v. 276 
Tonatia, v. 71 
Tong, V. 298 

Touan, ii. 66 ; iii. 33 ; v. 190 
Tragelaphine group, iv. 272 
Tragelaphus, v. 350. 360 
Trago camelus, iv. 21 
Traguline group, iv. 247 
Tragulus, v. 340 

memina, v. 302 
Tragus moschiferus, v. 301 
Trichecus, ii. 59. 511 ; v. l!;4. 377 

Australis, v. 379 

Borealis, v. 380 

manatus, iv. 431 

rosmarus, ii. 61. 512; v. 184 
Troglodytes, v. 4 

niger, v. 4 
Tseiran, iv. 20 
Tucan, ii. 20 
Tuhcuri, v. 122 
Tupaia, ii. 211; v. 106 

ferruginea, ii. 216; v. 106 

Javanica, ii. 21 1 ; v. 106 

press, ii. 211 

tana, ii. 211 ; v. 106 
Tupai, V. 257 
Turnspit, ii. 336; v. 130 

crooked-legged, v. ] 39 
Tutucuri, ii. 291 
Tzebi, V. 332 
Tzeiran, iv. 20 ; v. 324. 332 



Unau, iii. 254. 275; v. 275 

little, V. 275 
Unicorn, v. 329 

sea, v. 387 
Urchin, ii. 102 
Urksuk, v. 178 
Urson, iii. 88. 206 ; v. 263 
Ursus, ii. 26 ; v. 1 1 1 

albus, v. 112 

Americanus, ii. 27- 230; v. 112 

Arctos, ii. 26. 217; v. Ill 

cancrivorus, ii. 29 ; v. 114 

candescens, ii. 229; v. 112 

cinereus, v. 112 

ferox, v. 112 

gulo, ii. 31. 276; v. 117 

horribilis, v. 1 12 

Indians, v. 118 

labiatus, ii. 238 ; v. 1 lo 

Labradoricus, x. 116 



Ursus longirostris, v. 1 13 

lotor, ii. 28. 246; v. 114 
luscus, ii. 32; v. II7 
luteolus, ii. 228 
Malayanus, ii. 236; v. 113 
marinus, v. 182 
maritimus, ii. 28. 232; v. 112 
meles, ii. 31 ; v. 116 
niger Americanus, v. 112 
niger Europaeus, v. Ill 
Thibetanus, ii. 243; v. 113 

Urus, iv. 29 ; v. 376 
fossil, iv. 414 
white, iv. 417 

Uyyol, V. 310 



Vache brune, petite, v. 335 

marine, v. 378 
Vampyre, ii. 9 

bearded of Sphix, v. 72 

soricine of Sphix, v. 72 

two-toothed, of Sphix, v. 72 
Vampyrus, v. 71 

bidens, v. 72 

cirrhosus, v. 72 

soricinus, v. 72 

spectrum, v. 71 
Vansire, v. 157 
Vari, i. 228; v. 44 
Varieties, intellectual, i. 170 
Venegas, v. 359 
Vespertilio, ii. 3. 14 ; v. 87 

acetabulosus, ii. 8; v. 65 

adversus, v. 92 

albescens, ii. 156; v. 96 

Americanus, ii. 120 

Americanus vulgaris, v. 70 

auritus, ii. 14. 152; v. 97 

barbastellus, ii. 147; v. 97 

Bechstein's, v. 95 

black, V. 96 

Borbonicus, ii. 154; v. 94 

bordered-eared, v. 94 

Bourbon, ii. 154; v. 94 

Brasiliensis, v. 94 

Carolinensis, ii. 143; v. 93 

cephalotes, ii. 1 13 ; v. 59 

cornutum, v. 7I 

Daubentonii, v. 96 

dingy, v. 94 

discolor, v. 94 

emarginatus, ii. 153 ; v. 94 

ferrum equinum, ii. 11 ; v. 76 

Hardwickii, v. 92 

hastatus, ii. 9. 126; v. 69 

Hilarii, v. 91 

hippocrepis, v. 70 

hipposideros, ii. 11 ; v. 76 



MAMMALIA. 



47 



Vespertilio, hispidus, ii. 12. 137; v. 80 

imbricatus, v. 93 

indented, v. 91 

ingens, ii. 107 ; v. 55 

kirivoula, v. 90 

Kuhlii, V. 95 

levis, V. 92 

lasiopterus, ii. 155 ; v. 89 

lasiurus, ii. 154 ; v. 90 

Leisler's, v. 95 

leporinus, ii. 139 ; v. 67 

lepturus, ii. 12 ; v. 82 

major vulgaris, v. 88 

marsupialis, v. 82 

maugei, v. 97 

maximus, ii. 155 

microphyllus, ii. 12; v. 81 

minor, ii. 152 

minutus, v. 7fi 

molossus, V. GO 

murinus, ii. 13. 142; v. 88 

myotis, v. 88 

mysticinus, v. 94 

nasutus, v. 91 

Nattererii, v. 95 

nigrita, ii. 154 ; v. 90 

noctula, ii. 13. 144; v. 88 

Novaboracensis, ii. 155; v. 98 

perspicillatus, ii. 9. 126 ; v. 69 

pictus, ii. 153 ; v. 90 

pipistrellus, v. 89 

plicatus, ii. 8. v. 64 

polythrix, v. 91 

proterus, v. 89 

pygmaeus, v. 91 

red, V. 96 

red brown, v. 94 

ruber, ii. 156 ; v. 96 

Schreiber's, v. 95 

serotinus, ii. 13. 150 ; v. 88 

sViaggy, V. 96 

silvery, v. 96 

smooth, v. 92 

soricinus, ii. 10; v. 73 

spama, ii. 11; v. 75 

spectrum, ii. 9 ; v. 71 

speoris, ii. 11; v. 77 

Temminckii, v. 92 

Ternatanus, v. 90 

Timorensis, ii. 154 ; v. 98 

tralatitius, v. 93 

transposed, v. 93 

vampyrus, ii. 102; v. 55 

villosissimus, ii. 155; v. 96 
Vespertilionidae, v. 54 
Vicognes, v. 300 
Vicugna, v. 300 
Vicunna, iv. 58 ; v. 300 



Viduita, i. 320 ; v. 33 
Vigogne, iv. 6 
Viscaccia, v. 272 
Viscache, iii. 230 ; v. 272 
Vison, ii. 295 ; v. 124 
Viverra, ii. 45; v. 152 

bentourong, v. 160 

bondar, v. 155. 

Cafra, ii. 47 ; v. 157 

Capensis, v. 118 

caudivolvula, ii. 30; v. 115 

chinge, v. 127 

civetta, ii. 46. 381 ; v. 152 

conepatl, v. 127 

fasciata, ii. 46 ; v. 154 

fossa, ii. 390 ; v. 154 

galera, v. 157 

genetta, ii. 46; v. 154 

gracilis, v. 160 

hyenoides, ii. 390; v. 156 

ichneumon, ii. 47; v. 156 

Indica, v. 155 

Lesang, v. 160 

maculata, v. 193 

Malacensis, v. 154 

mapurito, v. 128 

marputio, v. 127 

mellivora, ii. 33 ; v. 118 

mephitis, v. 127 

mongoz, V. 156 

mungos, ii. 47 

musanga, ii. 416 ; v. 159 

narica, ii. 29 

nasica, v. 115 

nasua, ii. 29. 253 

nigra, v. 159 

prehensile, v. 159 

putorius, V. 127 

Quasje, v. 115 

rase, ii. 383 ; v. 153 

rufa, V. 115 

striata, v. 127- 155 

suricate, ii. 404 

tetradactyla, ii. 48. 404; v. 158 

tigrina, v. 154 

vittata, ii. 32. 277 ; v. 117 

zenick, v. 158 

zibetha, ii. 46 ; v. 153 

zorilla, ii. 35. 291 ; v. 123 
Viverrae, ii. 377 
Vohangshira, v. 157 
Volitantia, i. Ixxix. 
Vulpes, V. 147 

alopex, v. 147 

Americanus, v. 114 

coerulescens, v. 149 
Vulpes, crucigera, v. 147 

vulgaris, v, 147 



48 



INDEX. 



Wa was keesko, V, 308 
Wadan, v. 372 
Walrus, Indian, v. 380 
Wapiti, iv. 96 ; v. 308 
Wargul, V. 132 
Wasser maus, v. 209 
Weasel, ii. 35; v. 121 

Altaican, v. 120 

American mepliitic, v. 127 

Cape, V. 118 

chestnut, v. 125 

common, ii. 289, v. 121 

fasciated, v. 155 

Fischer, ii. 297 ; v. 125 

Fizzler, v. 118 

fossane, v. 154. 

great, of Azara, v. 118 

grey-headed, v, 126 

Guiana, v. 126 

honey, v. 118 

Madagascar, v. 157 

mephitic, v. 129 

musky, v. 126 

Pekan, ii. 296 ; v. 124 

Perouasca, v. 121 

sable, V. 124 

Sarmatian, ii. 288; v. 121 

Siberian, ii. 291 ; v. 122 

slender-toed, v. 126 

South American, v. 126 

striated, v. 127 

white-cheek, v. 126 

white-eared, ii. 297; v. 126 

woolly, V. 126 
Weasels, mephitic, ii. 297 
Wha topoa voo, v. 197 
Whale, bossed, v. 390 

common, iv. 441. 491 ; v. 389 

knotted, v. 390 

pike-headed, v. 478 
Whales, iv. 440 

proper, iv, 493 
Whistler, iv. 435 
Wilde paarde, iii. 468 
Witfisch Oder weissfisch, v. 386 
Wizend, v. 373 
Wolf, ii. 41. 348; v. 144 
Antarcticus, v. 145 

black, ii. 42. 348; v. 144 
crab, v. 145 

golden, ii. 42 
Java, v. 144 
Mexican, ii. 350 
red, ii. 42 ; v. 144 



Wolf, sea, ii. 58 ; v. 176 
Wolverene, ii. 32; v. 117 
Wombat, ii. 78 ; iii. 50 ; v. 206 
Wombatus, v. 206 
Woodchuck, v. 245 
Wou wou, i. 209. 254, 258 ; v. 6 
Wow wow, V. 6. 



Xe, v. 301 

Xolsitzaintli, 



145 



Yack, iv. 30 
Yagouare, v. 127 
Yagouarete, v. 164 
Yagouaroundi, ii. 486 ; v. 170 
Yamus, v. 372 
Yapock, V. 192 
Yarke, i. 225 ; v. 36 
Yarque, v. 37 
Yazmur, v. 327 
Yerbua Capensis, v. 243 

Indica, v. 239 
Y'Gann, v. 365 
Yogouv, V. 280 
Yzard,"iv. 22; v. 353 



Zamouse, v. 371 

Zebra, iii. 343. 465 ; v. 295 

femelle, v. 295 

Indica, v. 296 
Zebu, common, iv. 425 
Zemni, iii. 161 
Zenick, ii. 48 
Zerda, i. 332; v. 152 
Zibet, ii. 46. 381 ; v. 153 
Zikel, iii. 81 
Zizel, V. 246 
Zocor, iii. 69 
Zokor, V. 216 
Zomba, iv. 327 
Zomer, v. 321 

Zoology, rise and progress of, i. xiii. 
Zoreille, v. 123 
Zorille, ii. 35. 291; v. 12? 
Zorillo, ii. 291 ; v. 123 
Zorra, ii. 297; v. 125. 128 
Zubr, iv. 29 
Zumni sleeper, iii. 78 
Zunu, iv. 327 
Zuraphate, v. 321 
Zurnapa, v. 321 



A VE S. 



Abou Diich'n, vi. 192 

hannes, viii. 359 
Acahe, vii. 180 
Acanthiza, vi. 470 

Buchanan!, vi. 471 

frontalis, vi. 471 

nana, vi. 470 

pusilla, vi. 471 

pyrrhopj'gia, vi. 47 1 

veguloides, vi. 471 
Accentor, vi. 465 ; vii. 7- 35 

Europsean, vi. 466 

modularis, vii. 37 

montanellus, vi. 466 ; vii. 39 
Accipiter, vi. 53. 236 

Delafonii, vi. 239 

ruficaudus, vi. 62 
Accipitres, vi. 14 

suppl. on the, vi. 156 
Acvidotheres, vi. 422 
Adjutant, viii. 505 
iEgotheles, vii. 80 
^rithina atricapilla, vi. 449 
Agami, viii. 327. 469 
Agelaius, vii. 168; viii. 688 

badius, vii. I7I 

chrysopterus, vii. 167 

cyanopus, vii. I7I 

frontalis, vii. 171 

guirahuro, vii. 169 

longirostris, vii. 171 

pyrrhopterus, vii. I7I 

vuficapillus, vii. I7I 

textor, vii. 131 

virescens, vii. I7I 
Aiaiai, viii. 508 
Aigle autour huppe, vi. 43 

de la Guiane, grand, vi. 42 

petit, vi. 43 

inoyen de la Guyana, vi. 45 
Ajaja, viii. 512 
Akbobas, vi. 187 
Alauda, vii. 116 

Africana, vi. 479 ; vii. 119 

Alpestris, vii. 118. 210 

apiata, vii. II7. 210 

arborea, vii. 11 7. 207 

arvensis, vi. 116 
Ctiv. Index. 



Alauda bifasciata, vii. 119 

bilopha, vii. 119. 212 

brachydactyla, vii. 117- 209 

calandra, vii. 118 

campestris spinoletta, vi. 478 

Capensis, vi. 479 

cinerea, vii. 120 

crassirostris, vii. 119 

cristata, vii. 116. 205 

crocea, vii. 119 

cunicularia, vii. 119 

Deserti, vii. 119 

flava, vii. 118 

fulva, vi. 479 

Gingica, vii. 120 

Italica, vii. 117 

Ludoviciana, vi. 479 

Lusitania, vi. 479 

magna, vii. 118. 173 

jMalabarica, vii, 120 

melanocepliala, vii. 119 

minor, vi. 477 

mirafa, vii. 119 

Mosellana, vi. 478 

mutabilis, vii. 118 

nemorosa, vii. II7 

Novae Zealandije, vii. 120 

obscura, vi. 478 

pratensis, vi. 477 

pyrrhonotha, vii. 117 

rubra, vi. 479 

rufa, vi. 479 

rufescens, vi. 478; vii. 119 

rufipilea, vii. 1 18 

Senegalensis, vii. 120 

Sibirica, vii. 118 

spinoletta, vi. 479 

Tatarica, vii. 118 

trivialis, vi. 477 

undata, vii. 117 

Yeltoniensis, vii. 1 -JO 
Albatross, viii. 571 

brown, viii. 572 

chocolate, viii. 572 

eye-streaked, viii. 572 

short-tailed, viii. 572 

sooty, viii. 572. 573 

wandering, viii. jjl 
H 



50 



INDEX. 



Albatross, yellow-nosed, viii. 573 

Albatrosses, viii. 642 

Alca, viii. 556. 558 

antiqua, viii. 558 
Arctica, viii. 556 
Balthica, viii. 559 
cirrhata, viii. 557 
cristatella, viii. 557. C36 
impennis, viii. 559. 637 
Labradoria, viii. 556 
minor, viii. 559 
pica, viii. 559 
psittacula, viii. 557. C35 
pygmsea, viii. 557 
sulcata, viii. 559 
tetracula, viii. 557 
torda, viii. 559. 636 

Alcedo, vii. 407 ; 424 

.^gyptia, vii. 413 
Afra, vii. 408 
halcyon, vii. 408 
Amazonia, vii. 413 
Americana, vii. 409 
Asiatica, vii. 410 
atricapilla, vii. 410 
Bengalensis, vii. 409 
bicolor, vii. 408 
biru, vii. 410 
ccerulea, vii. 413 
cceruleocephala, vii. 409 
cancrophaga, vii. 411 
Capensis, vii. 410 
Cayanensis, vii. 413 
chlorocephala, vii. 411 
f^inereifrons, vii. 410 
collaris, vii. 413 
Coromandelica, vii. 411 
cristata, vii. 409 
crithaca, vii. 413 
dea, vii. 411 
diops, vii. 412 
flavicans, vii. 413 
fusca, vii. 413. 426 
galbula, vii. 436 
gigantea, vii. 413. 426 
grandis, vii. 437 
ispida, vii. 407 
leuchoryncha, vii, 413 
leucocephala, vii. 411 
maculata, vii. 413. 473 
Madagascariensis, vii. 409 
melanoptera, vii. 413 
melanoryncha, vii. 412 
meninting, vii. 414 
Novae Guinea, vii. 413 
omnicolor, vii. 412 
purpurea, vii. 409 
rudis, vii. 408 
sacra, vii. 413. 428 



Alcedo, semitorquata, vii. 410 

Senegalensis, vii, 411 

Smyrnensis, vii. 410 

superciliosa, vii 409 

Surinensis, vii. 413 

torquata, vii. 408 

tridactyla, vii. 414 

tribracbys, vii. 414 

tuta, vii. 413 

venerata, vii. 413 
Alcyon tridactyla, vii. 438 
Alectelie de Durville, viii. 401 
Alectors, viii. 2. 96 
Alecturus, vi. 354 

tricolor, vi. 354 
Alouette a gros bee, vii. 119 

sentinelle, vi. 479 
Amblyramphus tricolor, vi. 173 
Ammadovamus, vii. 149 

bimaculatus, vii. 149 
Arapelis, vi. 358. 503 

Americana, vi. 365 

astropurpurea, vi. 361 

aureola, vi. 361 

ccerulea, vi. 360 

carnifex, vi. 359 

carunculata, vi. 366. 505 

Cayana, vi. 360 

cinerascens, vi. 361 

cinerea, vi. 359 

cotinga, vi. 360 

cristata, vi. 360 

cucullata, vi. 366 

cuprea, vi. 360. 361 

fusca, vi. 360 

garrulus, vi. 364 

garruluSjVar. vi. 365 

hypopyrra, vi. 361 

lutea, vi. 355 ; viii. 683 

Maynana, vi. 360 

nudicollis, vi. 366 

Pompadour, vi. 360 

purpurea, vi. 361 

tersa, vi. 360 

umbellata, vi. 358 

variegata, vi. 360. 366 
Anabates, vii. 346. 388 

amaurotis, vii. 346 

atricapillus, vii. .347 

cristatus, vii. 347 

erythropthalmus, vii. 347 

leucopthalmus, vii. 347 

rufifrons, vii. 347 

striolata, vii. 347 
Anadorhynchus Maximiliani, vii. 482 
Anas, viii. 697- 607- 616. 657 

acuta, viii. 618 
adunca, viii. 619 
Africana, viii. 613 



AVES. 



51 



Anas albeola, viii. 611 

albifrons, viii. 602 
Alexandrini, viii. 625 
anser, viii. 600. 601 
Antarctica, viii. 605 
Arabica, viii. 625 
arborea, viii. 620 
arciiata, viii. 623 
atrata, viii. 599 
autumnalis, viii. 620 
Bahamensis, viii. 622 
Beringii, viii. 603 
bicolor, viii. 616. 624 
Borealis, viii. 625 
boschos, viii. 619 
brachyptera, viii. 609. 665 
Brasiliensis, viii. 624 
bucephala, viii. 611 
cana, viii. 606. 022 
Canadensis, viii. 599. 600 
candidus, viii. 603 
Capensis, viii. 624 
caryophyllacea, viii. 614 
casarea, viii. 622 
cineraceus, viii. 608 
cinerea, viii. 609 
circia, viii. 623 
clangula, viii. 610 
clypeata, viii. 616. 669 
Coromandelica, viii. 606 
coscoroba, viii. 603 
cristata, viii. 614. 624 
curvirostra, viii. 619 
cyanirostris, viii. 624 
cyanoptera, viii. 624 
cygnoides, viii. 600 
cygnus, viii. 660 
Damiatica, viii. 025 
discors, viii. 671. 624 
dispar, viii. 615 
Dominica, viii. 614 
Dominicana, viii. 625 
Egyptica, viii. 604 
epicuteri, viii. 624 
erythropos, viii. 604 
fasciata, viii. 617 
ferina, viii. 612. 068 
ferruginea, viii. 615 
flavirostris, viii. 624 
formosa, viii. 624 
fraenata, viii. 613 
fuligula, viii. 614 
fulva, viii. 615 
fusca, viii. 608 
fuscescens, viii. 624 
galeiiculata,viii. 019 
Gambensis, viii. 600 
gattair, viii. 625 
Georgica, viii. 624 



Anas gerra, viii. 620 

glacialis, viii. 609 
glaucion, viii. 610 
Gmelini, viii. 616 
grandis, viii. 603 
Hina, viii. 624 
histrionica, viii. 610 
hybrida, viii. 603 
hyperborea, viii. 608 
Indica, viii. 603 
Islandica, viii. 615 
jaspedea, viii. 624 
Javanica, viii. 623 
jubata, viii. 621. 670 
Kalmani, viii. 624 
Kekuschka, viii. 625 
Labradoia, viii. 615 
leiicomelas, viii. 621 
leucoplitalmos, viii. 613. 669 
leucoptera, viii. 605. 608 
lobata, viii. 609 
maculirostris, viii. 620 
Madagascaiiensis, viii. 606 
Magellanica, viii. 605 
Manillensis, viii. 624 
marila, viii. 613 
melanocephalus, viii. 599 
melanoleuca, viii. 621 
melanorhynchos, viii. 617 
melanotis, viii. 601 
melanura, viii. 624 
membranacea, viii. 617 
mersa, viii. 608 
minuta, viii. 010 
mollissima, viii. 611 
monacha, viii. 625 
montana, viii. 603 
moschata, viii. 018 
nigra, viii. 607- 665 
nigricollis, viii. 599 
Nilotica, viii. 618 
Novas Hispanice, viii. 624 
Novae Hollandiae, viii. 617 
Nyroca, viii. 613 
obscura, viii. 622 
paturi, viii. 623 
Penelope, viii. 621 
perspicillata, viii. 608 
picta, viii. 606 
platalea, viii. 624 
Plutonia, viii. 599 
poecilorhynchos, viii. 022 
punctata, viii. 616 
querquedula, viii. 623 
radjab, viii. 621 
regia, viii. 618 
rhynchotis, viii. 617 
rubida, viii. 615 
rubrirostris, viii. 621 

h2 



52 



INDEX. 



Anas lufa, viii. (312 

nificollis, viii. COS 

rufina, viii. 612 

rutila, viii. 622 

savai, viii. 625 

scandiaca, viii. 614 

segetum, viii. 602 

semipalmata, viii. 621 

Sili, viii. 623 

siseeir, viii. 625 

spectabilis, viii. 611 

spinicauda, viii. 624 

spinosa, viii. 614 

sponsa, viii. 620 

stelleri, viii. 615 

strepera, viii. 621 

superciliosa, viii. 624 

tadorna, viii. 617 

torquata, viii. 605. 610. 624 

typus, viii. 353 

tzitzichoa, viii. 624 

valisneria, viii. 615 

variegata, viii. 606 

versicolor, viii. 624 

viduata, viii. 620. 671 

virgata, viii. 616 
Anastomus, viii. 353. 510 

albus, viii. 353 

cinereus, viii. 353 
Anliima, viii. 398 
Anhinga, viii. 595 

Levaillant, viii. 596 
Anhingas, viii. 655 
Ani, vii. 47G. 541 
Animals, Oviparous vertebrated, vi. 1 

second class of vertebrated vi. 3 
Annumbi, vii. 354 
Anser, viii. 601 

bernicla, viii. 604 

ccerulescens, viii. 603 

cineraceus, viii. 602 

cinereus, viii. 602 

hyperboreus, viii. 603 

jubatus, viii. 603 

leucopsis, viii. 603 

medius, viii. 602 

rufescens, viii. 602 
Anseranas, viii. 621 
Ant-catcher, rocky mountain, vi. 409 

red-bellied, vi. 545 
Anteaters, vi. 399. 543 

king of the, vi. 403 
Anthochcera, vi. 413 

Lewinii, vi. 413 
Anthochceres, vi. 416 
Anthropoides, viii. 329 

Stanleyanus, viii. 330 
Anthus, vi. 477 ; vii. 55 

aquaticus, vi. 47^^ 



Anthus arboreus, vi. 477 
Australis, vi. 479 
breviunguis, vi. 477 
campestris, vi. 478 
Chi, vi. 480 
fuliginosus, vi. 480 
Ludovicianus, vi. 479 
minimus, vi. 480 
montanus, vi. 478 
pallescens, vi. 480 
pratensis, vi. 477 
Richardi, vi. 479 
rufescens, vi. 480 
rupestris, vi. 478 
sepiarius, vii. 56 
spinoletta, vi. 479 
Ant-thrush, black, vi. 284 
long-legged, vi. 283 
white-legged, vi. 283 
white-shouldered, vi. 283 
black- throated, vi. 284 
white-spotted, vi. 284 
Aptenodytes, viii. 559. 560. 636 
Antarctica, viii. 562 
Australis, viii. 563 
catarrhactes, viii. 561 
Chiloensis, viii. 562 
chrysocoma, viii. 561. 638 
demersa, viii. 563. 639 
hirsutus, viii, 562 
lanatus, viii. 562 
Magellanica, viii. 562 
minor, viii. 562 
molincE, viii. 562 
Papua, viii. 561 
Patagonica, viii. 638. 538 
torquata, viii. 563 
Apteryx, viii. 300. 562 

Australis, viii. 563 
southern, viii. 563 
Apus, vii, 57 
Aquape, viii. 395 
Aquapeazo terutero, viii. 464 
Aquapeccaca, viii. 395 
Aquapuazos, viii. 395 
Aquila, vi. 33. 43 

Buson, vi. 67 
chrysaetos, vi. 225 
fucosa, vi. 230 
heliaca, vi. 34 
picta, vi. 44 
intermedia, vi. 36 
Ara, vii. 481 

gris a. trompe, vii. 505 
Ara, noir a trompe, vii. 505 
Aracari, vii. 479 

grooved-bill, vii. 480 
Arachnothera inornata, vii. 367 
longirostra, vii, 367 



AVES. 



53 



Archnotheres, vii. 366. 393 
Aiada, vi. 544 ; vii. 45 
Aramus, viii. 333. 479 

carau, viii. 333. 479 
Araponga, vi. 366 
Arara purpureo dorsalis, vii. 483 
Ararauna, vii. 482 
Aras, vii. 481. 574 
Aratamus, vi. 287 

cinereus, vi. 287 

fuscus, vi. 288 

lineatus, vi. 287 

minor, vi. 287 
Aratinga, Carolinee, vii. 488 

chrysocephalus, vii. 484 

luteus, vii. 484 
Ardea, viii. 335 

affinis, viii. 341 

agami, viii. 341 

alba, viii. 338. 346. 491 

albicollis, viii. 340 

Americana, viii. 331 

Antigone, viii. 331. 332 

Ardisiaca, viii. 342 

argala, viii. 350. 505 

atricollis, viii. 337 

Australis, viii. 347 

badia, viii. 345 

badra, viii. 345 

bicolor, viii. 341 

bilineata, viii. 347 

botaurulus, viii. 340 

botaurus, viii. 491 

Brasiliensis, viii. 344 

bubulculus, viii. 341 

bubulcus, viii. 340 
bullaranjaus, viii. 337 
coerulea, viii. 341, 342. 344 
coerulescens, viii. 337. 342 
Caledonica, viii. 346 
Canadensis, viii. 331 
Candida, viii. 339 
candidissima, viii. 340 
carunculata, viii. 332 
Caspica, viii. 489 
castanea, viii. 340 
Cayennensis, viii. 346 
chrysopelargus, viii. 349 
ciconia, viii. 349. 495 
cinerea, viii. 336. 485 
cinnamomea, viii. 347 
cocci, viii. 336 
comata, viii. 339 
cornuta, viii. 341 
Coromandelica, viii. 341. 353 
cracca, viii. 345 
cyanocepliala, viii. 346 
cyanopus, viii. 342 
cyanura, viii. 344 



Ardea Danubialis, viii. 337. 347. 490 
dubia, viii. 350. 505 
egretta, viii. 338. 491 
egrettoides, viii. 339 
equinoctialis, viii. 341 
erythromelas, viii. 347 
erytliropiis, viii. 340 
exilis, viii. 347 
fasciata, viii. 338 
ferruginea, viii. 345 
flava, viii. 338 
flavicollis, viii. 342 
flavirostris, viii. 339 
fusca, viii. 341 
fuscicollis, viii. 344 
Gardeni, viii. 345 
garzetta, viii. 338. 490 
gigantea, v'ii. 331 
grisea, viii. 345' 
grus, viii. 330 
gularis, viii. 340 
helias, viii. 333. 480 
Herodias, viii. 336 
hoactli, viii. 345 
Ibis, viii. 341 
involucris, viii. 347 
Jamaicensis, viii. 345. 346 
Javanica, viii. 344 
jugularis, viii. 340 
lamelliger, viii. 353 
leuce, viii. 339 
leucocephala, viii. 340 
leucoceranus, viii. 331 
leucogaster, viii. 341 
leuconotus, viii. 344 
leucops, viii. 342 
leucoptera, viii. 343 
lineata, viii. 338 
Ludoviciana, viii. 337 
Macquari, viii. 336 
raaculata, viii. 345. 348 
Maguari, viii. 349. 507 
major, viii. 336. 485 
Malaccensis, viii. 340. 343 
marmorata, viii. 338 
Marsiglii, viii. 340 
martook, viii. 340 
melanocephala, viii. 337 
melanoptera, viii. 348 
minor, viii. 343 
minuta, viii. 337. 347. 490 
misata, viii. 355 
mokoho, viii 344 
monticola, viii. 489 
Naevia, viii. 338. 345 
nigra, viii. 342. 349 
Novae Guineas, viii. 337 
Novae Hollandiae, viii. 342 
nycticorax, viii. 345. 493 



54 



INDEX. 



Ardea obscura, viii. 345 

Pacifica, viii. 337 

palliata, viii. 337 

pavonia, viii. 329 

pavonina, viii. 473 

Pealii, viii. 339 

perciloptera, viii. 343 

Pbilippensis, viii. 344 

pileata, viii. 346 

Pondiceriana, viii. 353 

pumila, viii. 340 

purpurata, viii. 489 

purpurea, viii. 336. 489. 491 

pusilla, viii. 348 

radiolata, viii. 344 

ralloides, viii. 340 

rufescens, viii. 341 

ruficapilla, viii. 341 

rugata, viii. 341 

russata, viii. 340 

scapularis, viii. 344 

scolopacea, viii. 404 

scolopax, viii. 333 

segetacea, viii. 346 

Senegalensis, viii. 340 

sibilatrix, viii. 346 

Sinensis, viii. 347 

soco, viii. 338. 344 

Sologniensis, viii. 347 

squaiotta, viii. 340 

Sparrmanii, viii. 346 

speciosa, viii. 342 

stellaris, viii. 343, 491 

Sturmii, viii. 347 

Tayazu Guera, viii. 345 

tigrina, viii. 338 

torquata, viii. 345 

Tranquebarica, viii. 343 

imdulata, viii. 344 

variegata, viii. 347 

violacea, viii. 346 

virescens, viii. 337 

virgo, viii. 329, 475 

xanthodactyla, viii. 338 
Ardeola, viii. 344. 347 
Arenaria, viii. 378. 385 
Argus, viii. 24. 235 

pavoninus, viii. 24 
Avremon, vi. 318 ; vii. 136 

torquatus, vi. 318 
Arrian, vi. 16 
Astrapia, vi. 395 
Astur, vi. 48. 236 

approximans, vi. 49 

fasciatus, vi. 49 

Rail, vi. 49 
Asturina, vi. 48 

cinerea, vi. 48 
Atites, viii. 391 



Attagas, viii. 36 
Attagen, viii. 36. 41 
Auk, ancient, viii. 558 

great, viii. 636. 637 

perroquet, viii. 557. 635 

puffin, viii. 634 

razor-billed, viii, 636 

snowy, viii. 557 

tufted, viii. 557. 635 
Autour de Cayenne, petit, vi. 47 

huppe, vi. 45 
Autours, vi. 48 
Aves, vi. 1 

division of the class into orders, 
vi. 11. 
Avis tarda, viii. 451 
Avoset, American, viii. 394 

black-necked, viii. 393 

long-legged, viii. 393 

Nev? Holland, viii. 394 

Oriental, viii. 394 

red-necked, viii. 394 

white, viii. 375 
Avosets, viii. 393. 535 
Ayam-alas, viii. 223 

bankiva, viii. 219 
Aythia, viii. 612 
Azurin, vi. 400 
Azurous, 1'., vi. 331. 341 



Bach a, vi. 62 

Baglafecht, vii. 230 

Baguari, viii. 507 

Balbuzard, vi. 39 

Balbuzzard, vi. 231 

Baltimore, vii. 168 

Barbacous, vii. 463. 538 

Barbet a ventre rose, vii. 467 
bearded, vii. 469 
beautiful, vii. 469 
black-breasted, vii. 470 
black-throated, vii. 469 
blue-semicollared, vii. 471 
blue-throated, vii. 468. 471 
Cayenne, vii. 470 
collared, vii. 472. 539 
elegant, vii. 469 
great, vii. 468 
green, vii. 468 
Latham's, vii. 468 
little, vii. 470 
olive, vii. 471 
party-coloured, vii. 471 
Peruvian, vii. 470 
red-collared, vii. 471 
red-crowned, vii. 469 
red-necked, vii. 469 
red-rumped, vii, 470 



AVES. 



55 



Barbet, rosy, vii. 4G9 

yellow-cheeked, vii. 470 
yellow-fronted, vii. 468 
yellow-mustache, vii. 471 
yellow-throated, vii. 468 
wax-bill, vii. 463 
white-breasted, vii. 470 

Barbets, vii. 466. 538 

Barbican, Abyssinian, vii. 467 
black-bellied, vii. 466 
black-throated, vii. 467 
Burchell's, vii. 467 
groove-billed, vii. 466 
masked, vii. 467 
red, vii. 467 
smooth-billed, vii. 467 

Barbicans, vii. 466 

Barge brune, viii. 386 

Barita, vi. 288 

destructor, vi. 290 
anaphonensis, vi. 289 

Barker, of Albin, viii. 387 

Baryphonus, vii. 423 

Basacaraguay, vii. 47 

Batara, vi. 272 

aconaledo, vi. 282 
agallaspeladus, vi. 379 
gola nigra, vi. 280 
le grand, vi. 272 
lisado, vi. 281 
mordore, vi. 273 
negro y aplomado, vi. 279 
noire et plombe, vi. 273 
obscuro y negro, vi. 282 
pardo dorado, vi. 280 
raye, vi. 272 
roxa, vi. 282 

Batteleur, le, vi. 64 

Bee ouvert a lame, viii. 353 

Becards, vi. 290. 487 

Becafico, vi. 502 

Bee figue, vi. 502 

Becfins, vii. 3 

Becquefigue, vi. 478 

Bee-eater, Bullock's, vii. 404 
Cayenne, vii. 402 
chestnut, vii. 401 
common, vii. 400. 422 
Coromandel, vii. 403 
Cuvier's, vii. 402 
Indian, vii. 401 
Lamarck's, vii. 402 
Leschenault's, vii. 404 
Malimbic, vii. 403 
Philippine, vii. 402 
pirik, vii. 404 
red-throated, vii. 403 
red-winged, vii, 402. 404 
ruffed, vii. 403 



Bee-eater, Sumatran, vii. 422 

superb, vii. 401 

supercilious, vii. 401 

swallow-tailed, vii. 404 

varied, vii. 403 

variegated, vii. 401 

wattle, vi. 413 

yellow-tufted, vi. 416 
Bee-eaters, vii. 400. 420 
Beefeater, vii. 317 
Beefeaters, vii. 164 
Bequefigue, vi. 339 
Bergeronnette a guimpe, vi. 475 

de printemps, vi. 476 ; vii. 51. 
54 
Bernacle, viii. 604 
Bernacles, viii. 603. 663 
Bernicia Canadensis, viii. 600 

torquata, viii. 604 
Bethyles, vi. 295. 488 
Bethylus, vi. 295 
Bibio, viii. 475 
Bibombi, vii. 103 
Bidens, vi. 31 
Bigotillus, vi. 337 
Bird, Brown's tailor, vi. 469 

cat, vi. 385 

cedar, vi. 365 

crisped paradise, vii. 192 

doubtful paradise, vii. 192 

emerald-breasted paradise, vii. 
192 

frigate, viii. 592 

frosted paradise, vii. 192 

of God, vii. 339 

gold-breasted paradise, vii. 190 

golden paradise, vii. 191 

hackled paradise, vii. 192 

indigo, vii. 1 48 

king paradise, vii. 190. 342 

magnificent paradise, vii. 190 

man of war, viii. 572 

mocking, vi. 385 

of paradise, great, vii. 189, 341 

of paradise, Parkinson's, vi. 426 

trumpet, viii. 328. 470 

twelve-wired paradise, vii. 192 

wattle, vii. 184 

white-wing tailor, vi. 469 

widow, vii. 228 

of paradise, red, vii. 189 

Pharaoh's, vi. 20 

southern bristle, vi. 470 

snow, vii. 148 

summer red, vi. 315 

superb paradise, vii. 191 
Birds, first order of, vi. 14 

gallinaceous, viii. ] 

of Lybia, viii. 476 



56 



INDEX. 



Birds of paradise, vii. 188, 338 

of prey, vi. 14 

of prey, diurnal, vi. 14 

of prey, noble, vi. 24 

of prey, nocturnal, vi. 69. 251 

of Scythia, viii. 47G 

suppl. on, in general, vi. 87 

tropic, viii. 656 

widow, vii. 149. 228. 304 
Bittern, common, viii. 491 

lineated, viii. 338 

little, viii. 347. 490 

of Europe, viii. 343 

mokoho, viii. 343 

rayed, viii. 490 

tiger, viii. 338 

zigzag, viii. 344 
Bitterns, viii. 343 
Biziura, viii. 609 

Novae Hollandise, viii. 609 
Blac, vi. 57. 243 
Blackbird, vi. 510. 530 

common, vi. 374 

rose-coloured, vi. 537 
Blackbirds, vi. 374. 530 
Blackcap, vii. 30 
Blanchot, le, vi. 266 
Blevine, viii. 400 
Blongosi, viii. 490 
Boatbill, viii. 334. 480 
Boatbills, viii. 480 
Bombycilla, vi. 504 

Canadensis, vi. 365 

cedrorum, vi. 365 
Bombyciphora, zantboccelia, vi. 365 
Bombycivore, vi. 364. 504 
Bondree huppee de Java, vi. 60 
Boobies, viii. 593. 653 
Booby, viii. 594 
Boubou, vi. 265 
Brachyptera, viii. 628 
Brachypterae, vii. 546 
Brachypterix, vi. 453 

montana, vi. 453 

sepiaria, vi. 453 
Brachypus, viii. 684 

murarius, vii. 58 
Bretonne, vii. 35 
Breve des Philippines, vi. 400 

blue-winged, vi. 402 
Breviette, viii. 370 
Brevipennes, viii. 294 
Brubru, viii. 677 
Brunoir, le, vi. 389 
Bubo, vi. 76 
Bucco, vii. 465. 467 

Africanus, vii. 462 
albifrons, vii. 463. 471 
armillaris, vii. 471 



Bucco aureo-virens, vii. 471 
barbiculus, vii. 469 
calcaratus, vii. 471 
Cayanensis, vii. 470 
chacuru, vii. 472 
chrysopogon, vii. 471 
cinereus, vii. 471 
collaris, vii. 472 
cyanops, vii. 468 
dubius, vii. 466 
elegans, vii. 469 
erythronotus, vii. 470 
flavifrons, vii. 408 
fuscus, vii. 463. 470 
grandis, vii. 468 
gularis, vii. 471 
Lathami, vii. 468 
leucops, vii. 463. 471 
macrorhynchus, vii. 472 
marginatus, vii. 471 
Maynanensis, vii. 469 
melanoleucos, vii. 472 
mystacoplianes, vii. 471 
niger, vii. 460 
nigrescens, vii. 471 
nigrifrons, vii. 563. 471 
nigrothorax, vii. 470 
parvus, vii. 470 
Peruvianus, vii. 470 
Philippensis, vii. 468 
roseus, vii. 469 
rubescens, vii. 467 
rubicauda, vii. 463 
rubicula, vii. 471 
rubricapillus, vii. 469 
rubricollis, vii. 469 
rufus, vii. 463. 471 
Saltii, vii. 467 
somnolentus, vii. 473 
striatus, vii. 463. 471 
strigillatus, vii. 472 
tamatia, vii. 472 
tenebrosus, vii. 471 
torquatus, vii. 463. 469 
versicolor, vii. 471 
viridis, vii. 468 
Zeylanicus, vii. 470 

Buceros, vii. 415. 430 

Abyssinicus, vii. 417 
Africanus, vii. 416 
albirostris, vii. 416 
albus, vii. 419 
ambigenas, vii. 419 
Bengalensis, vii. 418 
bicornis, vii. 417 
bucinator, vii, 41 6 
cassidix, vii. 416. 434 
cornutus, vii. 419 
coronatus, vii. 418 



AVES. 



- 57 



Buceros, enleirostris, vii. 418 

erythrorynchos, vii. 418 

exaratus, vii. 418 

fasciatus, vii. 418 

galeatus, vii. 419 

gingianus, vii. 417 

griseus, vii. 419 

hastatus, vii. 418 

hydrocorax, vii. 417 

Javanicus, vii. 418 

jubatus, vii. 419 

leucocephalus, vii. 417 

Malabaricus, vii. 416 

Malayanus, vii. 419 

Manillensis, vii. 418 

melanoleucus, vii. 418 

monoceros, vii. 416 

niger, vii. 416 

Orientalis, vii. 419 

Panayensis, vii. 417 

plicatus, vii. 419 

Rhinoceros, vii. 41G 

ruber, vii. 419 

sulcatus, vii. 417 

undulatus, vii. 418 

violaceus, vii. 417 

viridis, vii. 419 
Budytes, vi. 476 
Bullfinch, vi. 297 ; vii. 158. 312 
Bullfinches, vii. 158. 312 
Bundullock, vii. 579 
Bunting, Amazon, vii. 129 

Angola, vii. 129 

barred-tailed, vii. 129 

black-crowned, vii. 129 

black-headed, vii. 128 

black-throated, vii. 129. 148 

Chinese, vii. 129 

cirl, vii. 125. 225 

commanding, vii. 127- 227 ; viii. 
687 

common, vii. 126. 225 

crimson, vii. 131 

Dominican, vii. 149 

familiar, vii. 129 

foolish, vii. 125. 225 

gaur, vii. 130 

grey, vii. 129 

green, vii. 129 

Lapland, vii. 129 

Lesbian, vii. 126 

long-tailed, vii. 150 

Louisiana, vii. 129 

Mexican, vii. 129 

militaris, vii, 129 

mustachio, vii. 125 

olive, vii. 129 

Oonalaschka, vii. 129 

ortolan, vii. 226 
Cnv. Index. 



Bunting, painted, vii. 136 
Panayan, vii. 150 
passerine, vii. 125 
pine, vii. 1 28 
Plata, vii. 129 
red-runiped, vii. 151 
red-eyed, vii. 129 
reed, vii. 126. 225 
rusty, vii. 129 
Sandvfich, vii. 130 
shaft-tailed, vii. 149 
snow, vii. 128. 227 
Surinam, vii. 130 
Towhe, vii. 129 
variegated, vii. 150 
whidah, vii. 150 
white-crowned, vii. 148 
yellow, vii. 125. 224 
yellow-bellied, vii. 136 
yellow-winged, vii. 129 

Buntings, vii. 124. 223 

Buphaga, vii. 164 

Africana, vii. 165 

Burhinus, viii. 322 

Busards of Cuvier, vi. 65 

Buseray, le, vi. 63 

Bustard, viii. 449 

Abyssinian, viii. 304 
African, viii. 303 
Arabian, viii. 303 
black-headed, viii. 304 
blue-necked, viii. 304 
Cape, viii. 305 
collared, viii. 303 
great, viii. 301. 450 
great-billed, viii. 307 
Indian, viii. 303 
little, viii. 301. 453 
marbled, viii. 305 
New Holland, viii. 305 
Nubian, viii. 303 
Passarage, viii. 304 
Rhoda, viii. 302 
ruffed, viii. 302. 454 
thick-kneed, viii. 306. 456 
white-chinned, viii. 305 
white-eared, viii. 302 

Bustards, viii. 300 

Buteo, vi. 60 

cristatus, vi. 60 
melanoleucus, vi. 61 
vulgaris, vi. 246 

Buzzard, vi. 65 

black and white, vi. 61 
common, vi. 61. 246 
common honey, vi. 59. 247 
crested, vi. 60 
grey- cheeked, vi. 65 
hobby, vi. 63 
1 



58 



INDEX. 



Buzzard, Java lioney, vi. CO 

mantled, vi. 64 

Montague, vi. 66 

moor, vi. 66 

naked-cheeked, vi. 68 

Quoy's, vi. 68 

spotted, vi. 64 

whitish, vi. 64 
Buzzards, vi. 60. 244 

bald, vi. 39 

honey, vi. 59 
Buzzaret, vi. 63 



Cairina, viii. 618 
Calandre, vii. 118. 211 
Calandrelle, vii. 117 
Calao, de waidjiou, vii. 418 
Calidris, viii. 375. 529 
Callaeas, vii. 185 
Calyptomena, vi. 428 
viridis, vi. 428 
Calyptorhynchus, vii. 494, 495 
Camouche, viii. 398 
Campephaga, vi. 362 ; viii. 68.3 

ferruginea, vi. 363 

flava, vi. 362 

leucomela, vi. 363 

niger, vi. 362 
Campycorlumchus striotatus, vi. 408 
Camy camy, viii. 470 
Canard a bee tricolor, viii. 620 
Canary, vii. 272 
Cancroma, viii. 334. 480 

cochlearia, viii. 335. 481 
Canepetiere, viii. 453 
Canepetrace, viii. 453 
Cangui, viii. 355 
Cap, black, vi. 444 
Cap-more, vii. 230 
Capito, vii. 463 

cyanocollis, vii. 468 

elegans, vii. 469 

maculatus, vii. 473 

melanotis, vii. 472 

rubrifrons, vii. 470 
Capocier, le, vi. 467 
Caprimulgi, vii. 104 
Caprimulgus, vii. 70 

acutus, vii. 77 

jEgypticus, vii. 72 

affinis, vii. 75 

albicoUis, vii. 74 

albogularis, vii. 79 

Americanus, vii. 75- 78 

Asiaticus, vii. 75. 109 

brachypterus, vii. 74 

Brasilianus, vii. T6 

campestris, vii. 76 



Caprimulgus, Carolinensis, vii. 74 
Cayennensis, vii. T2 
cinerascens, vii. 76 
climaturus, vii. 73 
cornutris, vii. 78 
cornutus, vii. 112 
cyanus, vii. 72 
diurnus, vii. 76 
enicurus, vii. 77 
Europasus, vii. 71- 106 
forficatus, vii. 78 
furcatus, vii. 78 
fiircifer, vii 78 
gracilis, vii. 73 
grandis, vii. 71- 78 
griseus, vii. 73 
Guianensis, vii. 76 
guttatus, vii. 80 
hirundinaceus, vii. 73 
icteropus, vii. 72 
Indicus, vii. 76 
infuscatus, vii. 74 
Isabellinus, vii. 72 
Jamaicensis, vii. 77 
leucopygus, vii. 77 
leucurus, vii. 72 
longicaudatus, vii. 73. 77 
longipennis, vii. 79- 108 
macrodipterus, vii. 108 
macropteropus, vii. 79 
macrourus, vii. 75 
manurus, vii. 79 
megacephalus, vii. 81 
nacunda, vii. 76 
Nattereri, vii. 73 
Novffi Hollandise, vii. 80 
pectoralis, vii. 75. 109 
popetue, vii. 78 
psalurus, vii. 78. 113 
rubicus, vii. 72 
rufitorquis, vii. 72 
rufus, vii. 74. 76 
rupestris, vii. 78 
semitorquatus, vii. 76 
sphenurus, vii. 74 
Strigoides, vii. 79 
torquatus, vii. 73. 74 
variegatus, vii. 75 
Virginianus, vii. 74. 78 
vittatus, vii. 79 
vociferus, vii. 71-74 
Caracara, vi. 40 ; viii. 328. 470 
banded, vi. 41 
negro, vi. 41 
streaked, vi. 42 
yellow-headed, vi. 41 
Caraf, vii. 583 
Carau, viii. 333. 479 
Carbo, viii. 589 



AVES. 



59 



Carbo Brasilianus, viii. 591 

Desmaresti, viii. 592 

Javanicus, viii. 592 
Carbure, vi. 81 
Carduelis, vii. 139 
Caricaca, viii. 519 

cucullata, vii 145 

Mexicanus, vii. 141 
Cariama, viii. 326. 46? 

Brasilian, viii. 326 
Carouge, true-black, vii. 134 
Carouges, vii. 168. 319 320 
Caryocatactes, vii. 183 
Casmarhyndios carunculatus, vi. 366 

nudicollis, vi. 366 
Cassicans, vi. 288. 487 
Cassicus, vii. 165 

angustifrons, vii. 166 

ater, vii. 166 

bifasciatus, vii. 165 

hcemorrhous, vii. 166 

nigerrimus, vii. 166 

viridis, vii. 166 
Cassique, vii. 165 

black and mantled, vii. 133 

noir, vii. 133 
Cafriques, vii. 165. 317 
Cassowary, viii. 297- 440 

galeated, viii. 297 

New Holland, viii. 298. 443 
Cassuwaris, viii. 298 
Cassyphus tristis, vi. 547 
Casuarius, viii. 297 

Novae HoUandiae, viii. 298 
Catarrhactes, viii. 561 
Catharista, vi. 20 
Cathartes, vi. 18. 19. 20 

aura, vi. 21 ' .■: 

monachus, vi. 20 
Catoptrophorus, viii. 389 
Catracas, viii. 129 
Cattaractes, viii. 638 
Caurale, viii. 479 

Ceblephyris, vi. 293. 361. 504 ; viii. 
683 

bicolor, vi. 362 

cana, vi. 362 

fimbriatus, vi. 363 

Javanensis, vi. 293 

Levaillantii, vi. 362 

lineatus, vi. 364 

lobatus, vi. 362 

Madagascariensis, vi. 362 
striga, vi. 294. 363 

tricolor, vi. 364 
Centropus, vii. 460 

aethiops, vii. 461 

ateralbus, vii. 461 

gigas, vii. 461 



Centropus membiki, vii. 461 

nigro rufus, vii. 460 

rufinus, vii. 461 
Cephalopteres, vi. 358 
Ceplialopterus ornatus, vi. 388 
Cephus, viii. 555. 633 
Cereopsis, viii. 606. 664 

cinereus, viii. 606 

New Holland, viii. 606 
Cerorhynca, viii. 558 

Occidentalis, viii. 558 
Certhia, vii. 348 

amethystina, vii. 360 

Antarctica, vii. 354. 384 

Asiatica, vii. 366 

atricapilla, vi. 418 

auriculata, vi. 421 ; vii. 367 

aurifrontalis, vii. 365 

Australasiana, vi. 421 ; vii. 367 

Borbonica, vii. 354 

coerulea. vi. 367. 120 ; vii. 353 

coerulescens, vi. 420 

Caffra, vii. 360 

cardinalis, vi. 420 ; vii. 354 

Carolinensis, vi. 474 

carunculata, vi. 413 ; vii. 367 

Cayana, vii. 354 

chalybea, vii. 360 

chrysotis, vi. 416 

cinnainomea, vii. 349 

cocincinica, vii. 367 

coccinea, vi. 421 

cruentata, vii. 357 

cucullata, vi. 420 

cuprea, vii. .361 

cuvrucaria, vii. 362 

cyanea, vii, 353 

cyanocephala, vii. 361 

dubia, vii. 361 

erythropygia, vii. 357 

erythronotos, vii. 357 

faniiliaris, vii. 349 

faniosa, vii. 364 

flaveola, vii. 355 

fuliginosa, vii. 362 

frontalis, vii. 366 

fusca, vii. 352 

goruck, vii. 367 

graculina, vi. 421 ; vii. 367 

ignobilis, vi. 418 

lepida, vii. 362 

Lotenia, vii. 360 

lunata, vi. 415; vii. 367 

maculata, vii. 356. 362 

Madagascariensis, vii. 362 

major, vii. 388 

mclanops, vi. 420 

mellivora, vi. 420 ; vii. 367 

Mexicana, vi. 421 

I 2 



60 



INDEX. 



Certhia, muiaria, vii. 352. 389 

NovEEHollandia5,vi.421 ; vii.367 

obscura, vii. 358 

omnicolor, vii. 361 

palustris, vii. 49 

piilchella, vii. 384 

purpurata, vii. 361 

rectirostris, vii. 365 

rubra, vii. 357 

rubrofusca, vii. 362 

sanguinea, vi. 419 ; vii. 353 

sannio, vii. 356 

semitorquata, vii. 356 

Senegalensis, vii. 361. 366 

seniculus, vi. 420 ; vii. 367 

sperata, vii. 361 

Spiza, vi. 420 ; vii. 367 

splendida, vii. 360 

superba, vii. 360 

tasniata, vii. 357 

varia, vii. 356 

venusta, vii. 362 

vestiaria, vii. 358 

violacea, vii. 364 

virens, vii. 356 

xantholis, vi. 420 ; vii. 367 

Zeilonica, vii. 361 
Ceyx, vii. 414 
Chacamel, viii. 7 
Chacuru, vii. 472 
Chacurus, vii. 472 
Chcetura, vii. 69 

Australis, vii. 70 

Martinica, vii. 69 

Sabini, vii. 70 
Chaffinch, vii. 138. 246 
Chaia, viii. 398. 539 
Chaima, viii. 398 
Chamaeza, vi. 410 

memloides, vi. 410 
Charadriiis, viii. 305. 307 

^gypticus, viii. 309. 316 

albicapillus, viii. 321 

albifrons, viii. 309 

Alexandrias, viii. 316 

annuligerus, viii. 317 

apricarius, viii. 316 

Asiaticus, viii. 311 

atricapillus, viii. 316 

atrogularis, viii. 321 

autumnalis, viii. 392 

Azarai, viii. 310 

bilobus, viii. 317 

bitorquatus, viii. 310 

Brissonii, viii. 322 

calidris, viii. 378 

Cantianus, viii. 309 

Caspius, viii. 311 

Cayanus, viii. 316 



Charadrius ceucurus, viii. 320 
collaris, viii. 310 
Coromandelicus, viii. 324 
coronatus, viii. 316 
crassirostris, viii. 307 
cristatus, viii. 316 
cucullatus, viii. 314 
curonicus, viii. 309 
curbepedesmos, viii. 313 
Dudora, viii. 317 
Duvaucelli, viii. 317 
erythropus, viii. 309 
Falklandicus, viii. 317 
fluviatilis, viii. 309 
fulvus, viii. 314 
fuscus, viii. 315 
Gallicus, viii. 324 
gavia, viii. 320 
Geoffrey i, viii. 313 
griseus, viii. 314. 315 
gularis, viii. 311 
heteioclitus, viii. 322 
hiaticula, viii. 309. 460 
hiatula, viii. 312 
himantopus, viii. 392 
Indicus, viii. 310 
Jamaicensis, viii. 309. 460 
jugularis, viii. 311 
keptuschka, viii. 311 
larvatus, viii. 312 
Leschenaultii, viii. 315 
leucogaster, vii. 315 
leucopolius, viii. 314 
lugubris, viii. 312 
magnirostris, viii. 310 322 
marginatus, viii. 313. 314 
marmoi'atus, viii. 311 
melanocephalus, viii. 316. 325 
melanops, viii. 310 
melodus, viii. 313' 
minor, viii. 309 
modestus, viii. 320 
morinellus, viii. 308. 459 
monachus, viii. 313 
Mongolius, viii. 311 
nebulosus, viii. 315 
nigrifrons, viii. 310 
Novae Zealandiae, viii. 317 
obscurus, viii. 314 
oedicnemus, viii. 306 
Gkenii, viii. 312 
pastor, viii. 313 
pectoralis, viii. 31 1 
pecuarius, viii. 313 
Philippinus, viii. 309 
pileatus, viii. 317 
pluvialis, viii. 308. 458 
pusillus, viii. 312 
pyrrocephaliis, viii. 317 



AVES. 



61 



Charadrius, rubidus, viii. 378. 530 
rubricollis, viii. 312 
ruficapillus, viii. 313 
sanguineus, viii, 314 
semipalmatus, viii. 312 
spinosus, viii. 31 G. 320 
Spixii, viii. 315 
stolatus, viii. 317 
Taitensis, viii. 314 
Tartaricus, viii. 311 
torquatus, viii. 309 
rricollaris, viii. 310 
tricolor, viii. 311 
trifasciatus, viii. 310 
varius, viii. 313 
ventralis, viii. 317 
vociferus, viii. 309 
Wilsonii, viii. 310 
xanthoclieilus, viii. 314 

Chardonneret, vii. 253 

Charpentero nano, vii. 453 

Chasse fiente, le, vi. 15 

Chat, wood, vi. 263 

Chatterer, vi. 364 

azure, vi. 365 
black-headed, vi. 507 
carunculated, vi. 505 
European, vi. 364 
umbelled, vi. 358 
variegated, vi. 366 

Chauche branche, vii. 106 

Chenalopex, viii. 617 

iEgyptica, viii. 605 

Chenerotes, viii. 617 

Chericote, viii. 405 

Chevalier a longs pieds, viii. 387 
varie, viii. 382. 385 
vert, viii. 372 

Cheveche, vi. 259 

Chevechette, vi. 79 

Cheyarhis, vii. 507 

Chicken, Pharaoh's, vi. 187 

Chii, vi. 480 

Chimachinia, vi. 42 

Chincou, vi. 16. 17 

Cheuque, viii. 438 

Chionis, viii. 416 

alba, viii. 416 
Forsteri, viii. 416 
necrophaga, viii. 416 
Novae HoUandiae, viii. 416 

Chipui, vii. 130 

Chirurgien de Luzon, viii. 397 

Chloropsis, vi. 419 

casmarhynchos, vi. 391 
hook-billed, vi. 391 
Sonnerati, vi. 390 
Alpine, vi. 396 



Chocards, vi. 395 

Chochi, vi. 523 

Choucador, vi. 393 

Choliba, vi. 85 

Choucaris, vi. 292. 488 

Choucas de Surinam, petit, vii. 133 

Choucou, vi. 78 

Chouette a terrier, vi. 258 

petite, vi. 259 

lapin, vi. 258 
Clironi, viii. 438 
Churi, viii. 296 
Cichla Coraya, vi. 408 
Ciconia, viii, 348. 494 

Abdimii, viii. 350 

Americana, viii. 350 

argala, viii. 351 

capillata, viii. 351 

ephippirhynca, viii. 352 

Guianensis, viii. 352 

Javanica, viii. 351 

jubura, viii. 349 

leucocephala, viii. 350 

niaguari, viii. 350 

marabou, viii. 350 

mycteria, viii. 352 

nigra, viii. 349. 504 

umbellata, viii. 350 
Cincinnurus, vii. 190 
Cincle, vi. 545 
Cincles, vi. 410 
Cinclus, vi. 410 

bicolor, vi. 410 — 

aquaticus, vi. 410 

Mexicanus, vi. 411 

Pallasii, vi. 410 

unicolor, vi. 410 
Cinnyris, vii. 359. 390 

aeneus, vii. 365 

afEnis, vii. 365. 367 

Amboinensis, vii. 365 

Asiaticus, vii. 366 

aurantia, vii, 366 

aurifrons, vii. 366 

bombicinus, vii. 366 

caudatus, vii. 366 

chrysogenis, vii. 365 

chrysoptera, vii. 366 

cinereicollis, vii. 366 

cinereus, vii. 365 

cirrhatus, vii. 365 

Clementise, vii. 366 

collaris, vii. 366 

discolor, vii. 366 

elegans, vii. 365 

eques, vii. 363 

erylhrorhynchos, vii. 365 

ervthrothorax, vii. 366 



62 



INDEX. 



Cinnyris frontalis, vii. 366 
fuscus, vii. 366 
Indicus, vii. 365 
lodeus, vii. 366 
leucogaster, vii. 366 
lotenius, vii. 393 
longirostris, vii. 366 
Manillensis, vii. 365 
melanurus, vii. 360 
mornatus, vii. 365 
nigralbus, vii. 365 
nitens, vii. 366 
Novae Guineas, vii. 366 
ornatus, vii. 366 
Phcenicotis, vii. 366 
Perreini, vii. 366 
politus, vii. 365 
rubescens, vii. 366 
rubrater, vii. 366 
riibrocana, vii. 366 
sericeus, vii. 366 
Smaragdinus, vii. 366 
sola, vii. 366 
Solaris, vii. 365 
splendens, vii. 366 
splendida, vii. 366 
subflavus, vii. 366 
sugninbindus, vii. 366 

CirccEtus,^ vi. 40 

cinereus, vi. 40 

Circus, vi. 59. 65 

albicollis, vi. 68 
axillaris, vi. 68 
campestris, vi. 67 
cinereus, vi. 68 
Hudsonius, vi. 66 
leucoccphalus, vi. 68 
melanopterus, vi. 68 
rufulus, vi. 68 
variegatus, vi. 68 

Citrin, le, vi. 391. 469 

Citta virescens, vi. 295 

Clakis, viii. 604 

Clangula, viii. 609. 665 

Climacteris picumnus, vii. 355 
scandens, vii. 355 

Climbers, vii. 435 

Clorios, vii. 519 

Clypeata, viii. 616 

Coccothraustes, vii. 151 

Coccyzus, vii. 458. 536 

Geoffroyii, vii. 459 
Lathami, vii. 459 
minutus, vii. 459 

Cochevis, vii. 205 

Cock, viii. 18. 19. 170 

Bantam, viii. 20. 217 
bill, viii. 402 



Cock, crested, viii. 20. 216 
crisped, viii. 19. 223 
domestic, viii. 20. 180 
Dorking, viii. 20 
dwarf, viii. 20. 218 
Friesland, viii. 223 
frizzled, viii. 19 
Jago, viii. 21. I74. 218 
Knor, viii. 302 
Malabar, viii. 21 
negro, viii. 19. 221 
of the plains, viii. 38 
Paduan, viii. 21. 175. 218 
Persian, viii. 21. 224 
rumpless, viii. 21. 224 
silk, viii. 19. 222 
Turkish, viii. 175. 217 
wild, viii. 19 

wild of Sonnerat, viii. 19. 20 
Cockatoo, Banksian, vii. 495. 582 
black, vii. 505 
Cook's, vii. 495. 582 
funeral, vii. 495. 582 
giant, vii. 505 

great sulphur-crested, vii. 494 
great white, vii. 494 
lesser sulphur-crested, vii. 494 
Molucca, vii. 494 
Nascian, vii. 494 
Philippine, vii. 494 
rose, vii. 495. 584 
Cockatoos, vii. 493 
Cocoi, viii. 337 
Cocorii, viii. 380 
Coereba, vii. 354 
Cola de Agudas, vi. 334 
Colaris, vii. 187 
Colibri, alboguhuis, vii. 379 
crispus, vii. 379 
helios, vii. 379 
leucopygus, vii. 379 
Colies, vii. 163. 316 
Colin Sonnini, viii. 60 
Colins, viii. 59. 267 
Colius, vii. 163 

Capensis, vii. 163 
Coromandelensis, vii. 164 
erythromelon, vii. 164 
erythropus, vii. 104 
gularis, vii. 164 
Indicus, vii. 164 
leuconotus, vii. 164 
Panayensis, vii. 163 
Senegalensis, vii. 164 
striatus, vii. 16.3 
viridis, vii. 104 
Collier rouge, viii. 352 
CoUujicinca, vi. 296 



AVES. 



63 



Colluricinca cinerea, vi. 29G. 411 

Colombe galline, viii. ^2 
Oceanique, viii. 78 

Colombihocco, viii. 72 

Colon, le, vi. 336 

Columba, viii. 71 

Abyssinica, viii. 93. 291 
senea, viii. 78 
Afra, viii. 83 
alba, viii. 78. 85 
albicapilla, viii. 81 
Amboinensis, viii. 91 
Araucana, viii. 89 
armillaris, viii. 78 
aromatica, viii. 94 
arquatrix, viii. 78 
aiiricularis, viii. 90 
aurita, viii. 81 
Australis, viii. 93 
Bantamensis, viii. 85 
Barbarica, viii. 77 
bitorquata, viii. 84 
Brunnea, viii. 90 
coerulea, viii. 83 
coeruleocephala, viii. 81 
calva, viii. 94 
Cambayensis, viii. 84 
Capellei, viii. 95 
Capensis, viii. 92 
capistrata, viii. 86 
Caribsea, viii. 79 
Carolinensis, viii. 91 
carunculata, viii. 72. 273 
Cerensis, viii. 79 
chalcoptera, viii. 78 
cincta, viii. 80 
cinerea, viii. 84 
cobacola, viii. 75 
coronata, viii. ^2 
cristata, viii. 32. 77. 79 
var. B., viii. 32 
cruenta, viii. 74 
cucullata, viii. 77 
cyanocephala, viii. 73 
curvirostra, viii. 95 
cyanovirens, viii. 89 
dasypus, viii. 77 
dilopha, viii. 86 
Dominicensis, viii. 92 
Dussumieri, viii. 87 
elegans, viii. 80 
eques, viii. 77 
erythroptera, viii. 82 
erythvothorax, viii. 74 
fasciata, viii. 90 
Franciae, viii. 80 
frontalis, viii. 77 
galeata, viii. 77 



Columba Geoffroyi, viii. 84 
griseola, viii. 75 
GuinejB, viii. 79 
gutturosa, viii. 77 
gymnophthalmos, viii. 80 
gyratrix, viii. 77 
Hispanica, viii. 77 
hispida, viii. 77 
holocericea, viii. 82 
Hottentotta, viii. 75 
humeralis, viii. 91 
humilis, viii. 88 
hyogastra, viii. 88 
Indica, viii. 81 
Jamaicensis, viii. 74 
jamboo, viii. 81 
Javanica, viii. 81 
jubata, viii. 77 
lacernulata, viii. 86 
laticauda, viii. 77 
larvata, viii. 82 
leucocephala, viii. 79 
leucomela, viii. 87 
leucoptera, viii. 81 
leucods, viii. 87 
littoralis, viii. 78 
Livia, viii. 76 
locutrix, viii. 86 
lophotes, viii. 91 
loricator, viii. 89 
luctuosa, viii. 88 
Macquaria, viii. 92 
maculosa, viii. 89 
Madagascariensis, viii. 80 
magnifica, viii. 86 
Malabarica, viii. 85 
]\Ialaccensis, viii. 85 
marginata, viii. 91 
Martinica, viii. 74 
Martinicana, viii. 81 
Maugei, viii. 92 
melanocephala, viii. 82 
melanoleuca, viii. 78 
melanoptera, viii. 93 
migratoria, viii. 90 
militaris, viii. 94 
miniata, viii. 89 
minor, viii. 555 
minuta, viii. 75 
nionarcha, viii. 88 
montana, viii. 73 
mystacea, viii. 83 
Nicobarina, viii. 73 
Norwegica, viii. 77 
oceanica, viii. 90 
CEnas, viii. 76 
olax, viii. 94 
oxyura, viii. 95 



64 



INDEX. 



Columba Pacifica, viii. 78 
palumbus, viii. 76 
Pampusan, viii. 88 
passerina, viii. 75 
percussor, viii. 77 
perspicillata, viii. 88 
phoenicoptera, viii. 95 
phasianella, viii. 91 
picazuro, viii. 89 
picturata, viii. 88. 90 
picui, viii. 75 
Pinon, viii. 89 
poi'ciloptera, viii. 89 
Pompadora, viii. 95 
porpliyrea, viii. 85 
psittacea, viii. 94 
puella, viii. 86 
purpurata, viii. 90 
purpurea, viii. 95 
Reinwartii, viii. 91 
risoria, viii. 77- 290 
rubri capillas, viii. 80 
ruffina, viii. 81 
sanguinea, viii. 74 
Sanctae Thoma, viii. 94 
scripta, viii. 87 
Senegalensis, viii. 85 
Sinica, viii. 82 
spadicea, viii. 77 
speciosa, viii. 79 
squamosa, viii. 85 
strepitans, viii. 92 
striata, viii. 85 
superba, viii. 83 
Suratensis, viii. 84 
tabellaria, viii. 77 
Talpacoti, viii. 74 
tannensis, viii. 95 
tigrina, viii. 84 
turbita, viii. 77 
Turcica, viii. 77 
turtur, viii. 77 
tympanistria, viii. 83 
venusta, viii. 92 
vernans, viii. 94 
vinacea, viii. 77- 84 
violacea, viii. 81 
viridis, viii. 82 
Wallia, viii. 93 
santhonura, viii. 87 
zenoida, viii. 90 
zoae, viii. 89 

Coly African, vii. 164 

black-throated, vii. 164 
Cape, vii. 163 
green, vii. 164 
Panay, vii. 163 
radiated, vii. 163 



Coly, Senegal, vii. 164 

white-backed, vii. 164 

Colymbus, viii. 546. 551. 628 
Arcticus, viii. 552. 631 
auritus, viii. 548. 549 
bicornis, viii. 549 
Caspicus, viii. 548 
Cayanus, viii. 550 
cornutus, viii. 548 
cristatus, viii. 547 
Doniinicus, viii. 550 
glacialis, viii. 552. 630 
grylla, viii. 554 
Hebridus, viii. 548 
Immer, viii. 552 
lacteolus, viii. 554 
minor, viii. 548. 633 
nigricans, viii. 548 
obscurus, viii. 548 
parotis, viii. 548 
podiceps, viii. 549 
Pyrenaicus, viii. 549 
rubricollis, viii. 548 
Septentrionalis, viii. 553 
stellatus, viii. 553 
striatus, viii. 553 
subcristatus, viii. 548 
Thomensis, viii. 550 
Troile, viii. 553. 632 
urinator, viii. 547 
vulgaris, viii. 548 

Condor, vi. 19. 167 

Conirostres, vii. 116 

suppl. on the, vii. 193 

Conophagus, vi. 409 

Conurus, vii, 483. 578 

Coot, cinereous, viii. 415 
grebes, viii. 550 

Coq de roche, vii. 2 

le petit, vi. 354 

Coracias, vii. 185 

Abyssinica, vii. 186 
Afra, vii. 188 
Bengalensis, vii. 186 
ccerulea, vii. ] 87 
Caffra, vii. 187 
caudata, vii. 187 
Cayana, vii. 187 
Cayanensis, vi. 300 
cyanea, vii. 187 
cyanogaster, vii. 187 
docilis, vi. 423; vii. 187 
garrula, vii. 185 
Indica, vii. 186 
Madagascariensis, vii. 188 
Mexicana, vii. 187 
militaris, vi. 359; vii. 187 
nigra, vii. 187 



AVES. 



65 



Coracias orientalis, vii. 188 

pacifica, vi. 266; vii. 187 
pilosa, vii. 187 
puella, vi. 373 ; vii. 187 
sagittatus, vi. 417 
scutata, vi. 359 ; vii. 187 
Sinensis, vii. 187 
strepera, vi. 289 ; vii. 187 
striata, vi. 266 ; vii. 187 
Temminckii, vii. 186 
tibicen, vi. 289 
vagabunda, vii. 180 
varia, vi. 289 ; vii. 187 
viridis, vii. 186; vii. 187 

Coracina, vi. 293 

cephaloptera, vi. 358 
cristata, vi. 424 
fasciata, vi. 293 
gymnocephala, vi. 358 
gymnoderma, vi. 370 
ornata, vi. 358 
rubra, vi. 359 

Corbi Calao, vi. 412 ; vii. 419 

Cordon bleu, vi. 360 

Coridonix, vii. 460 

Cormorant, little, viii. 590 
longap, viii. 591 

Cormorants, viii. 589. 590 

Corncrake, viii. 541 

Corneille, a duvet blanc, vii. 177 

Corvorant, common, viii. 651 

Corvorants, viii. 651 

Corvus, vii. 174 

affinis, vii. 380 
Africanus, vii. 180 
albicollis, vii. 177 
argyrophthalmus, vii. 183 
Australis, vii. 178 
azureus, vii. 180 
balicassius, vi. 372; vii. 183 
brachyurus, vi. 400 ; vii. 183 
brachyurus /3, vi. 401 
brachyurus 8, vi. 400 
brachyurus e, vi. 401 
brachyurus jj, vi. 401 
Caledonicus, vii. 180 
calvus, vi. 358 ; vii. 183 
Canadensis, vii. 182 
Caribaeus, vii. 183 
carunculatus, vii. 183 
caryocatactes, vii. 183 
Cayanns, vii. 179 
clericus, vii. 178 
collurio, vi. 295 
Columbianus, vii. 178 
corax, vii. 175 
cornix, vii. 176. 332 
corone, vii. 175 
cvinehis, vi. 396 
Cuv. Index. 



Corvus crinitus, vi. 423 

cristatellus, vii. 182 
cristatus, vii. 181 
crucirostra, vii. 329 
cyaneus, vii. 179 
cyanoleucus, vi. 290; vii. 182 
cyanopogon, vii. 180 
cyanurus, vi. 400 ; vii. 183 
Dauricus, vii. 177 
enca, vii. 178 
eremita, vii. 183. 380 
erythrorhynchus, vii. 179 
flavigaster, vi. 320 
flaviventris, vii. 183 
flavus, vi. 320 
Floridanus, vii. 182 
frugilegus, vii. 176. 331 
garrulus, vi. 396 
glandularius, vii. 181 
gracula, vii. 380 
graculinus, vi. 415 
grallarius, vi. 403 ; vii. 183 
gymnocephalus, vii. 183 
Hottentottus, vii, 183 
infaustus, vii. 182 
Jamaicensis, vii. 177 
leucognaphalus, vii. 177 
leucoplicEus, vii. 175. 178 
melanoleucus, vi. 290 
melanops, vi. 293. 363 
Mexicanus, vii. 178. 183 
monedula, vii. 176. 332 
montanus, vii. 178 
nasicus, vii. 178 
Novae GuinejE, vi. 293. 363 ; vii. 

183 
nudus, vi. 370 
olivaceus, vii. 180 
ossifragus, vii. 178 
Pacificus, vi. 290 
Papuensis, vi. 293. 303 ; vii. 

183 
paradoxus, vi 413 
Peruvianus, vii. 179 
pica, vii. 179 
pileatus, vii. 180 
purpurascens, vii. 182 
pyrrhocorax, vi. 396 ; vii. 183 
rufipennis, vi. 393; vii. 183 
rufus, vii. 180 
Russicus, vii. 182 
scapulatus, vii. 177 
segetum, vii. 175. 178 
Senegalensis, vii. 179 
sexsetaceus, vi. 396 
Sibiricus, vii. 181 
speciosus, vii. 183 
spermologus, vii. 178 
splendens, vii. 177 
K 



66 



INDEX. 



Corvus splendidus, vi. 393 

squamulosus, vi. 295 

Stellevi, vii. 181 

Surinamensis, vii. 133 

torquatus, vii. 182 

tropicus, vi. 290 

ultramarinus, vii. 182 

varians, vii. 184. 336 

ventral is, vii. 179 

zanoe, vii. 180 
Corydalla, vi. 479 
Corythaix, vii. 507- 584 
Cory thus, vii. 161 
Cotingas, vi. 358. 503 ; viii. 683 

common, vi. 359. 503 
Coturnix dactylisonans, viii. 56 

torquata, viii. 58 
Cotyle, vii. 61 
Coujaune, le, vi. 472 
Couas, vii. 458. 536 
Coucals, vii. 460 
Couhieh, vi. 243 
Couigniop, vi. 393 
Coupeur d' eau, viii. 586 
Courlan, viii. 478 
Coulicous, vii. 536 
Courliri, viii. 478 
Courlis a mficlies etroites du Cap, viii. 

364 
Courol, African, vii. 461 
Courols, vii. 481 
Couroucoui, vii. 473 
Coursei", collared, viii. 325 

Coromandel, viii. 324 

double- collared, viii. 325 
Coursers, viii. 324. 467 
Coz quauhtli, vi. 164 
Crabeater of Mahon, viii. 339. 490 
Crabeaters, viii. 337- 490 
Craboli, viii. 535 
Crake Australasian, viii. 332 

Baillon, viii. 407 

banded, viii. 542 

black-bellied Indian, viii. 332 

brown, viii. 331 

common, viii. 330. 476 

gigantic, viii. 350. 505 

hooping, viii. 331 

Indian, viii. 331, 332 

Siberian, viii. 331 

Stanley's, viii. 330 

white-spotted, viii. 542 
Cranes, viii. 468 

crowned, viii. 329 
Crapaud volant, vii. 105 
Craticus, vi. 290 
Crave, New Holland, vii. 380 

of Europe, vii. 380 
Craves, vii, 379. 398 



Cravate fris^e, le, vi. 416 
Crax, viii. 3 

alector, viii. 3 

carunculata, viii. 5 

Blumenbachii, viii. 5 

faciolata, viii. 5 

galeata, viii. 6 

globicera, viii. 4. 115 

globulosa, viii. 5 

Pauxi, viii. 6. 117 

rubra, viii. 4. 108. 116 

rubrirostris, viii. 5 

tomentosa, viii. 6 

tuberosa, viii. 7 

uramutum, viii. 7 

vociferans, viii. 7 
Creadion, vi. 413 
Creeper, beautiful, vii. 364 

black and blue, vii. 353 

black and yellow, vii. 355 ; viii. 
689 

blue-headed, vii. 361 

Bourbon, vii. 354 

Byron's, vii. 390 

cardinal, vii. 354 

Ceylonese, vii. 361 

cinnamon, vii. 349 

collared, vii 360 

copper, vii. 361 

crimson, vii. 353 

European, vii. 388 

familiar, vii. 349 

famous, vii. 364 

great hook-bilkd, vii. 358 

green-faced, vii. 362 

grey, vii. 362 

gold, vii. 361 

hook-billed green, vii. .358 

Loten's, vii. 360 

orange-backed, vii. ,357 

picucule, vii. 350 

pied, vii. 362 

red-backed, vii. 357 

red-breasted, vii. 361 

red-brown, vii. 362 

saccharine, vii. 364 

scarlet, vii. 357 

Senegal, vii. 361 

shining, vii. 364 

thorn-tailed, vii. 349 

tufted-eared, vi. 421 

violet-headed, vii. 364 

wattled, vi. 413 

yellow-rumpcd, vii. 354 
Creepers, vii. 348. 388 

of the wall, vii. 352 
Cresserelle, vi. 26 
Crex, viii. 406. 541 

chloropus, viii. 411 



AVES. 



67 



Crex galeata, viii. 412 

lateralis, viii. 409 
lugubris, viii. 410 
Martinica, viii. 413 
melampyga, viii. 409 
mustelina, viii. 409 
nigra, viii. 409 
plumbea, viii. 410 
pratensis, viii. 407 
pulchra, viii. 410 
rubiginosa, viii. 409 

Criniger, vi. 296 

Crombea, le, vii. 357 

Crossbill, vii. 160 

common, vii. 315 
white-winged, vii. 161 

Crossbills, vii. 160. 315 

Crotophaga, vii. 457. 476 
major, vii. 476 
minor, vii. 476 

Crow, carrion, vii. 175 

chattering, vii. 177 
cinereous, vii. 182 
Clark's, vii. 178 
downy, vii. 177 
fish, vii. 178 
hooded, vii. 176. 332 
New Guinea, vi. 293 
Papuan, vi. 293 
rock, vi. 375 
rufous, vii. 180 
Senegal, vii. 179 
Siberian, vii. 181 
Steller's, vii. 181 
Surinam, vii. 133. 233 
white vi. 165. 189 
white-breasted, vii. 177 

Crows, vii. 174. 326 

Crymophylus, viii. 383 
rufus, viii. 384 

Crypsirina, vii. 184 

Cryptonix, viii. 31. 241 
black, viii. 32 
coronatus, viii. 31 
ferrugineus, viii. 33 
niger, viii. 32. 33 
rufus, viii. 3.3. 55 

Cryptura, fasciata, viii. 70 
guagu, viii. 71 
gubercola, viii. 67 
magoua, viii. 67 
solitaria, viii. 69 

Crypturus, viii. 66 

adspersus, viii. 68 
ccerulescens, viii. 68 
parvirostris, viii. 68 

Cuckow, vii. 514 

^Ethiopian, vii. 461 
black and white, vii. 461 



Cuckow black-billed, vii. 455 
blue, vii. 458 

brazen, vii. 457 
Cape, vii. 454 

Carolina, vii. 455 
Cayeime, vii. 459 

chestnut, vii. 459 

collared, vii. 455 

common, vii. 454. 516 

cupreous, vii. 456 

De Lalande's, vii. 458 

edolio, vii. 455 

Egyptian, vii. 460 

Flinders's, vii. 536 

giant, vii. 461 

gilded, vii. 456 

great Madagascar, vii. 458 

Guira, vii. 457 

honey, vii. 462 

klaas, vii. 456 

lark-heeled, vii. 460 

lesser honey, vii. 462 

long-billed, vii. 459 

long-necked, vii. 460 

Madagascar crested, vii. 458 

mangrove, vii. 459 

masked, vii. 463 

Mindanao, vii. 457 

noisy, vii. 455 

Panayan, vii. 455 

pheasant, vii. 459 

Philippine, vii. 460 

red-brown, vii. 460 

rufous, vii. 461 

rufous spotted, vii. 457 

sacred, vii. 457- 536 

shining, vii. 456 

society, vii. 457 

solitary, vii. 454 

spotted, vii. 459 

white-billed, vii. 462 

white rumped, vii. 463 

white-rumped black, vii. 463 

j'ellow-bellied, vii. 456 
Cuckows, vii. 453 

true, vii. 453 
Cuculus, vii. 453. 514 

iEthiops, vii. 461 

Afer, vii. 461 

albirostris, vii. 462 

Americanus, vii. 455 

ateralbus, vii. 461 

auratus, vii. 451 

Bengalensis, vii. 460 

brachypterus, vii. 459 

Brasiliensis, vii. 459 

bubutus, vii. 460 

cceruleus, vii. 458 

canorus, vii, 454. 516 
K 2 



68 



INDEX. 



Cuculus Capensis, vii. 454 

Carolinensis, vii. 455 
Cayaniis, vii. 459 
Chalcites, vii. 457 
clamosus, vii. 455. 404 
Clasii, vii. 450 
cornutus, vii. 459 
Coromandus, vii. 455 
cristatus, vii. 458 
cupreus, vii. 450 
Dominicus, vii. 404 
edolius, vii. 455 
Egyptius, vii. 400 
erythrophthalmus, vii. 455 
flavus, vi. 450 
Flindersii, vii. 458 
gigas, vii. 401 
glandarius, vii. 454 
Guira, vii. 457 
honoratus, vii. 457. 530 
indicator, vii. 402 
Indicus, vii. 458 
Lalandii, vii. 458 
lucidus, vii. 450 
maculatus, vii. 457 
Madagascariensis, vii. 458 
melanoleucus, vii. 455 
Mindanensis, vii. 457 
minor, vii. 462 
n£evius, vii. 459 
nigrovufus, vii. 400 
Orientalis, vii. 458. 404 
Panayus, vii. 458 
Paradiseus, vii. 403 
Persa, vii. 507 
Philippensis, vii. 400 
Pisanus, vii. 454. 458 
pluvialis, vii. 459 
polioceplialiis, vii. 458 
punctulatus, vii. 459 
punctatus, vii. 457 
pyrrhoceplialus, vii. 404 
radiatus, vii. 455. 458 
regius, vii. 507 
rubibandus, vii. 459 
rufalbinus, vii. 403 
rufinus, vii. 401 
scolopaceus, vii. 457 
Senegalensis, vii. 400 
seniculus, vii. 459 
serratus, vii. 455 
Sinensis, vii. 404 
solitarius, vii. 454 
Sonneratii, vii. 458 
Taitensis, vii. 457 
tenebrosus, vii. 403 
tolu, vii. 400 
tranciuillus, vii. 403 
vetula, vii. 459 



Cujelier, vii. 117 

Culdor, le, vi. 389. 391 

Culicivora;, viii. 082 

Cultirostres, viii. 327. 408 

Curassow blue, vii. 585 

crested, viii. 3. 109 
Cumana, viii. 8. 9 
cushew, viii. 
globose, viii. 4. 1 15 
piping, viii. 9. 123 
razor-billed, viii. 
red, viii. 4. 110 
wattled, 5 

Curicaca, viii. 301 

Curlew, viii. 519 

Cape, viii. 380. 531 
Chili, viii. 300 
common, viii. 304. 520 
Derhomai, viii. 300 
Esquimaux, viii. 305 
green, viii. 303 
little, viii. 521 
long-billed, viii. 305 
Luzonian, viii. 300 
IMadagascar, viii. 304 
Otaheite, viii. 300 
pygmy, viii. 380 
sea coast, viii. 305 
sea side lesser, viii. 305 
white-headed, viii. 300 

Curlews, viii. 304 

Curruca, vi. 440 

garrula, vi. 445 

Cursorius, viii. 324 

Asiaticus, viii. 324 
bicinctus, viii. 325 
chalcopterus, viii. 325 
grallator, viii. 325 
Isabellinus, viii. 324 
Temminckii, viii. 325 

Curucau rase, viii. 301 

Cyclaris, vi. 270 ; viii. 079 

Cygnus, viii, 597 

atratus, viii. 599 
Canadensis, viii. 000 
cucullatus, viii. 444 
gelbus, viii. 598 
melanoceplialus, viii. 599 
melanorhynchus, viii. 599 
musicus, viii. 599 
niger, viii. 001 
nigricollis, viii. 599 
olor, viii. 059 
Sinensis, viii. 000 

Cymbops, viii. 335 

Cymindis, vi. 47- 02 

Cyphos macrodactylus, vii. 473 

Cypselus, vii. 57 

albjcollis, viii. 087 



AVES. 



69 



Cypselus Alpinus, vii. 59 

Alpinus Africanus, vii. 59 
Balasiensis, vii. 60 
Caffer, vii. 60 
coUaris, vii. 67- 70 
comatus, vii. 59 
giganteus, vii. 70 ; viii. 687 
gutturalis, vii. 60 
longipennis, vii. 59 
murarius, vii. 58 
mystaceus, vii. 59 ; viii. 687 
parvus, vii. 60 



Dacelo, vii. 412.426 

cinnamoninus, vii. 412; viii. 689 

concreta, vii. 412 

cyanotis, vii. 413 

Gaudichaud, vii. 413 

pulchellus, vii. 413 
Dacnis, vi. 465; vii. I7I ; viii. 688 
Dadalion, vi. 48. 236 
Dafila, viii. 618 
Daptrius, vi. 40 

ater, vi. 41 
Darter, viii. 655 

black-bellied, viii. 595 

yellow-necked, viii. 596 
Dasyornis, vi. 470 

Australis, vi. 470 
Dauphinois, vi. 490 
Daw, vii. 332 
Dedalion, vi. 52 
Delophus, vi. 422. 425 
Demoiselle de Numidie, viii. 475 
Dendrocolaptes, vii. 350 

bivittatus, vii. 351 

crassirostris, vii. 352 

decumanus, vii. 350 

falcirostris, vii. 350 

frontirostris, vii. 352 

fuscus, vii. 351 

guttatus, vii. 351 

platyrostris, vii. 350 

procurvus, vii. 351 

rufus, vii. 351 

sylviellus, vii. 348 

tenuirostris, vii. 351 

Wagleri, vii. 351 

angustirostris, vii. 352 

falcularius, vii. 352 

guttatus, vii. 352 

pyrrhosophius, vii. 352 

rubricaudatus, vii. 352 
Dendroplex, viii. 689 
Dentirostres, vi. 262 
Dicaeum, vii. 356 

choronotus, vii. 357 

flavium, vii. 357 



Dicseum rubescens, vii. 357 

rufescens, vii. 357 
Dicea, vi. 412 ; vii. 356 
Diceum, vii. 390 ; viii. 685 
Dicholophus, viii. 326 
Dicrurus, vi. 371 

seneus, vi. 372 

cristatus, vi. 371 

leucogaster, vi. 372 

leucophceus, vi. 372 

lophorinus, vi. 372 

longus, vi. 371 

macrocercus, vi. 372 

musicus, vi. 373 

mystaceus, vi. 373 

platurus, vi. 371 
Didus, viii. 299 

ineptus, viii. 299. 443 

Nazarinus, viii. 299. 300 

solitarius, viii. 299 
Dioch, vii. 137 

rose, le, vii. 137 
Diomedea, viii. 571 

brachyura, viii. 572 

Chinensis, viii. 572 

chlororhynclios, viii. 573 

exulans, viii. 571 

fuliginosa, viii. 573 

melanophris, viii. 572 

spadicea, viii. 572 
Diplectron, viii. 13 
Dishwaslier, vi. 369 
Distingue roux k tete noire, vi. 292 
Diver, black -throated, viii. 552 

imber, viii. 552 

Newcastle, viii. 552 

northern, viii. 552 

red-throated, viii. 553 

striped, viii. 553 
Divers, viii. 546. 551. 630 

Greenland, viii, 555 
Dod-aers, viii. 444 
Dod-aersen, viii. 444 
Dodo, vii. 299 

hooded, viii. 299 

Nazarene, viii. 299. 446 

solitary, viii. 299. 446 
Dolichonyx, viii. 688 
Dotterel, viii. 308 

sea, viii. 385 
Double sourcil, le, vi. 469 
Dove, ground, vjii. 75 

turtle, viii. 289 
Doves, Portugal, viii. 77 
Dragon, le, vii. I7I 
Dromaius, viii. 298. 443 
Dromas, viii. 354 

Ardeola, viii. 354 
Drongear, vi. 373 



70 



INDEX. 



Drongi, vi. 372 

Drongo k moustaches, vi. 373 

bronze, le, vi. 372 
Dioiigolon, le, vi. 372 
Drongos, vi. 371. 510 
Dionte, viii. 443 
Drymoica, viii. 687 
Drymophila, vi. 283 

atra, vi. 284 

leucopus, vi, 283 

longipes, vi. 283 

trifasciata, vi. 283 

variegata, vi. 284 

velata, vi. 284 ; viii. G79 
Duck arched, viii. 623. 670 

Arabic, viii. 625 

American tufted, viii. 614 

Alexandrine, viii. 625 

Barbary, viii. 618 

black, viii. 608 

black-bellied whistling, viii. 620 

black-tailed, viii. 624 

brovra, viii. 624 

canvas-backed, viii. 615 

castaneous, viii. 614 

crested, viii. 624 

curved-bill, viii. 619 

Damietta, viii. 625 

Dominican, viii. 625 

dusky, viii. 622 

European, viii. 614 

falcated, viii. 624 

ferrugineous, viii. 614, 615 

Gadwal, viii. 621 

Garganey, viii. 623 

Gattair, viii. 625 

Georgian, viii. 624 

Gmelin, viii. 616 

golden-eye, viii. 610 

Greenland, viii. 625 

grey-headed, viii. 612 

harlequin, viii. 610 

Hawkesbury, viii. 621. 670 

hook-billed, viii. 619 

Iceland, viii. 615 

Ilathera, viii. 622 

Kekuschka, viii. 625 

king, viii. 611 

lobate, viii. 609 

long-tailed, viii. 609 

mallard, viii. 019 

Mareca, viii. 624 

membranaceous, viii. 617 

Mexican, viii. 624 

IVIuscovy, viii. 618 

New Holland, viii. 617 

New Zealand, viii. 016 

olive-tufted, viii. 014 

pied, viii. 615. 669 



Duck pink-headed, viii. 614 

pintail, viii. 618 

pochard, viii. 612 

radjah, viii. 621 

red, viii. 615 

red-billed whistling, viii. 620 

red-breasted, viii. 616 

red-crested, viii. 612 

ruddy, viii. 615 

scaup, viii. 613 

scoter, viii. 607 

shoveler, viii. 669 

Sisaeir, viii. 625 

soft-bill, viii. 617 

solitary, viii 625 

Spanish, viii. 620. 671 

spirit, viii. 611 

spotted-beaked, viii. 620 

spotted-billed, viii. 022 

summer, viii. 620 

svipercilious, viii. 624 

tufted, viii. 614 

Ural, viii. 608 

velvet, viii. 608 

western, viii. 615 

white-faced, viii. 613. 624 

wild, viii. 671 
Ducks, viii. 597. 607. 664 
Dues, vii. 76 
Dulang, vii. 579 
Dulus, vi. 317 

palmarum, vi. 31 8 
Dumlin, viii. 370 
Dysporus, viii. 593 

Capensis, viii. 504 

piscator, viii. 594 



Eagle bald, vi. 37 

black and white, vi. 35 
black-headed, vi. 46 
black-tufted, of Africa, vi. 45 
Blagre, vi. 39 
Bonelli's, vi. 35 
Chinese, vi. 46 
common, vi. 33. 228 
crown, vi. 36 
crowned, vi. 35. 47 
crying, vi. 37 
fishing, vi. 38 
golden, vi. 225 
grey French, vi. 40 
great, vi. 225 
hook-billed, vi. 47 
imperial, vi. 34 
long-beaked, vi. 48 
iVIace's, vi. 38 
marine, vi. 38 
martial, vi. 35, 229 



AVES. 



71 



Eagle noisy, vi. 46 

piscivorous, vi. 37 
Pondiclierry, vi. 38 
Reinwardt's, vi. 35 
ring-tailed, vi. 33 
roc, vi. 175 
rough-footed, vi. 34 
royal, vi. 225 
sea, vi. 36 

small Cayenne, vi. 4 
spotted, vi. 34. 46 
tufted of Guiana, vi. 43 
tyrant, vi. 46 
vulture, vi. 22 
vulturine, vi. 23 
wedge-tailed, vi. 36. 230 
white, vi. 49 
white-bellied, vi. 38 

Eagles, vi. 33. 220 

fisher, vi. 36. 42 
properly so called, vi. 33 

Eatua, vii. 428 

Echassiers, viii. 293. 421 

Echenilleurs, vi. 361. 503, 504 

Eclatant, 1'. vi. 393 

Edolius, vi. 371 

azureus, vi. 373 
cineraceus, vi. 371 
remifer, vi. 373 
retifer, vi. 371 

EfFraye, vi. 75 

Egret, demi j^'iii. 341 

great, viii. 338, 339. 491 
little, viii. 338. 490 
reddish, viii. 341 

Egrets, viii. 338. 490 

Eider, viii. 665 

Eiders, viii. 611 

Elanoides, vi. 58 

Elanus, vi. 57 

caesius, vi. 58 

Elgithina, vi. 448 

Embaguari, viii. 507 

Embergoose, viii. 631 

Emberiza, vii. 124. 223 
Amazona, vii. 129 
Americana, vii. 129. 148 
Angolensis, vii. 129. 150 
Asiatica, vii. 130 
atricapilla, vii. 129 
Badensis, vii. 126 
Borbonica, vii. 127. 139 
Brasiliensis, vii. 127. 139 
brumalis, vii. 127 
csesia, vii. 127 
Calfat, vii. 129 
Capensis, vii. 127. 136 
chlorocephula, vii. 126 



Emberiza, chrysophrys, vii. 130 
chrysoptera, vii. 129 
cia, vii. 125 
ciris, vii. 127. 136 
cirlus, vii. 125 
citrinella, vii. 125. 224 
coccinea, vii. 129 
ccerulea, vii. 127 
cristata, viii. 687 
cyanopis, vii. 127 
erythropthalma, vii. 129 
familiaris, vii. 129 
ferruginea, vii. 129 
flavifrons, vi. 298 
fucata, vii. 130 
fusca, vii. 129 
grisea, vii. 129 
gubernatrix, vii. 127- 227 
hortulana, vii. 126. 226 
jacarina, vi. 298 
Lesbia, vii. 126 
leucophrys, vii. 148 
longicauda, vii. 150. 228 
Lotharingica, vii. 125 
luctuosa, vi. 340 
Ludoviciana, vii. 129 
melanocephala, vii. 128 
melanodera, vii. 130 
melbensis, vii. 126 
Mexicana, vii, 129 
miliaria, vii. 126. 225 
militaris, vii. 129 
mixta, vii. 129 
montana, vii. 128 
mustelina, vii. 128 
nivalis, vii. 128 
olivacea, vii. 129 
Oonalashkensis, vii. 129 
oryzivora, vii. 127. 148. I7I ; 

viii. 688 
Panayensis, vii. 150 
Paradisea, vii. 150 
passerina, vii. 125 
pecoris, vii. 168 
pithyornis, vii. 128 
Platensis, vii. 129 
principalis, vii. 150 
provincialis, vii. 125 
psittacea, vii. 150 
pusilla, vi. 298; vii. 129 
quadricolor, vii. 127- 151 
quelea, vii. 127. 137 
regia, vii. 149 
rubra, vii. 127- 131 
rustica, vii. 129 
rutila, vii. 129 
Sandwichensis vii. 130 
schoeniclus, vi . 126. 225 



72 



IXDEX. 



Emberiza serena, vii. 149 

Sinensis, vii. 129 

striolata, vii. 127 

superciliosa, vii. 130 

Surinamensis, vii. 130 

textor, vii. 134 

vidua, vii. 150 

viridis, vii. 129 
Eniberizoides, vii. 127. 130 ; viii. G88 

marginalis, vii. 130 

melanotes, vii. 130 
Eme, viii. 298 
Emerillon, vi. 26 
Emeu, viii. 298. 443 
Emu, viii. 440 

American, viii. 296 
Entoinyzon, vi. 415 
Engoulevent, vii. 105 
Enicurus, vi. 478 

coronatus, vi. 478 

velatus, vi. 478 
Epervier patu, vi. 45 
Epimachi, vii. 382. 399 
Epimachus, vii. 382 

albus, vii. 383 

magnificus, vii. 384 

promefil, vii. 384 

regius, vii. 384 

superbus, viii. 689 

with frizzled ornaments, vii. 382 
Ereunetes, viii. 391 
Erodia amphilensis, viii. 354 
Erodies, viii. 353 
Erody Abyssinian, viii. 354 
Erolia, viii. 381 

variegata, viii. 381 
Espionneur, 1', vi. 376 
Etourneau d. camail rouge, vii. 173 
Eudynames, vii. 458 
Eudytes, viii. 551 
Euphone rufiventris, vi. 298 
Eurinorliynchus, viii. 383. 531 

griseus, viii. 383 
Eurypyga, viii. 480 
Eurystomus cyanocollis, vii. 188 

gularis, vii. 188 

purpurascens, vii. 188 



Faisan de la Guiane, viii. 129 
Falcinellus, vii. 381 ; viii. 381. 531 

cyanomelus, vii. 406 

pygmoeus, viii. 380 
Falco, vi. 23, 24. 195 

Acoli, vi. 67 

^gyptius, vi. 59. 243 

aeruginosus, vi. 66 



Falco aguia, vi. 35 

albescens, vi. 46 
albicans, vi. 65 
albicaudus, vi. 36 
albicella, vi. 36 
albidus, vi. 62. 64 
albus, vi. 47. 49. 66 
Aldrovandi, vi. 27 
ambustus, vi. 23 
Angolensis, vi. I7 
apivorus, vi. 59 
aquilinus, vi. 41 
armiger, vi. 35 
ater, vi. 58 
aterrimus, vi. 41 
atricapillus, vi. 46. 49 
aurantius, vi. 28 
Austriacus, vi. 58 
axillaris, vi. 37 
bacha, vi. 62 
badius, vi. 56 
Banksia, vi. 54 
barbarus, vi. 24, 25 
barbatus, vi. 22 
bellicosa, vi. 35 
Berigora, vi. 29 
biarmicus, vi. 27 
bidentatus, vi. 31 
Blagrus, vi. 39 
Bohemicus, vi. 66 
Bonelli, vi. 35 
Borealis, vi. 62 
brachydactylus, vi. 40 
brachypterus, vi. 50 
Brasiliensis, vi. 40 
Brissonianus, vi. 54 
Brownii, vi. 56 
busarellus, vi. 63 
buteo, vi. 61. 246 
buzon, vi. 63 
cachinnans, vi. 52 
ccerulescens, vi. 30 
Canadensis, vi. 33 
candicans, vi. 32 
Capensis, vi. 28 
Carolinensis, vi. 39 
Cayenensis, vi. 39. 47 
cenchroides, vi. 29 
cheiivvay, vi. 40 
chicquera, vi. 28 
chrysaetos, vi. 33 
cineraceus, vi. 66 
cinereus, vi. 32 
columbarius, vi. 30 
communis, vi. 24. 61. 66 
fuscus, vi. 62 
concolor, vi. 27 
connivens, vi. 61 



AVES. 



73 



Falco coronatus, vi. 35, 36. 45. 47 
cristatellus, vi. 45 
cristatus, vi. 42 
crotophagus, vi. 42 
cuculoides, vi. 55 
cyaneus, vi. 65 
cygneus, vi. 33 
degener, vi. 42 
deiroleucus, vi. 27 
desertorum, vi. 63. 65 
destructor, vi. 42 
diodon, vi. 31 
dispar, vi. 58 
dominicensis, vi. 30 
Dussumieri, vi. 55 
ecaudatus, vi. 64 
femoralis, vi. 29 
formosus, vi. 41 
Forskahlii, vi. 59 
frenatus, vi. 67 
fringillarius, vi. 30 
frontalis, vi. 28. 199 
fucosa, vi. 36 
fulvous, vi. 33 
furcatus, vi. 58 
fuscus, vi. 48 
gabar, vi. 53 
gallicus, vi. 40 
gallinarius, vi. 48 
gentilis, vi. 48 
glaucopis, vi. 47 
gracilis, vi. 50 
griseus, vi. 66 
Guianensis, vi. 43 
gymnogenys, vi. 68 
gyrfalco, vi. 48 
haliaetus, vi. 39 
hamatus, vi. 48 
harpyia, vi. 42 
hemidactylus, vi. 50 
herotinus, vi. 25 
historionicus, vi. 68 
hyemalis, vi. 67 
ichthyaetus, vi. 38 
imperialis, vi. 34. 42 
Indicus, vi. 52 
insectivorus, vi. 55 
Islandicus, vi. 24 
jackal, vi. 63 
Jacquini, vi. 42 
lagopus, vi. 60 
laniarius, vi. 29 
Lathami, vi. 30 
latissimus, vi. 49 
leuchauchen, vi. 51 
leucocephalus, vi. 37- 61 
leucogaster, vi. 38 
leucomelas, vi. 67 
leucopygus, vi. 47 
Cuv. Index. 



Falco leucorhynchus, vi. 52 
Leverianus, vi. 62 
limnaeatus, vi. 45 
lineatus, vi. 67 
lithofalco, vi. 26 
longipes, vi. 59 
Macei, vi. 38 
macrourus, vi. 56 
maculatus, vi. 34 
maculosa, vi. 46 
Madagascariensis, vi. 18 
magnirostris, vi. 51 
magnus, vi. 22 
Malayensis, vi. 35 
melanaetos, vi. 3.3 
melanoleucus, vi. 68 
melanops, vi. 52 
melanopterus, vi. 57 
milvus, vi. 58 
minullus, vi. 53 
Mississippiensis, vi. 57 
minuta, vi. 54 
mogilnik, vi. 33. 34 
monogrammicus, vi. 27 
montanus, vi. 66 
musicus, vi. 54 
naevius, vi. 34 
niger, vi. 22. 33. 61 
nisus, vi. 53 
nitidus, vi. 50 
niveus, vi. 44 
Novae HollandiiE, vi. 49 
Novae Zelandiae, vi. 41. 44 
nudicoUis, vi. 41 
occipitalis, vi. 45 
cesalon, vi. 26 
orientalis, vi. 52 
ornatus, vi. 45 
ossifragus, vi. 36 
poecilonotus, vi. 64 
palliatus, vi. 64 
palumbarius, vi. 48 
palustris, vi. 67 
parasiticus, vi. 59. 242 
pennatus, vi. 34. 60 
Pennsylvanicus, vi. 49. 54 
peregrinus, vi. 24 
pileatus, vi. 55 
piscator, vi. 38 
plancus, vi. 41 
plumbea, vi. 57 
poliogaster, vi. 51 
poliogenys, vi. 65 
polyosoma, vi. 65 
Pondicerianus, vi. 38 
pterocles, vi. 64 
ptilorhynchos, vi. 60 
punctatus, vi. 29 
pygargus, vi. 65 



74 



INDEX. 



Falco radiatus, vi. 51 

ranivovus, vi. Gfi 
Riocourii, vi. 58 
rufipes, vi. 26 
rufus, vi. 56. 66 
rupicola, vi. 28 
rupicolus, vi. 28. 202 
rutilans, vi. 67 
sacer, vi. 32 
Sancti Johannis, vi. 61 
Senegaleiisis, vi. 45 
serpen tarius, vi. 69 
severus, vi. 27 
Sinensis, vi. 46 
soloensis, vi. 55 
spaiverius, vi. 30. 202 
stellaris, vi. 25. 20 
striolatus, vi. 50 
subbuteo, vi. 26. 200 
sufflator, vi. 53 
superbus, vi. 45 
Tachardus, vi. 62 
Tachiro, vi. 63 
thoracicus, vi. 29 
tibialis, vi. 28. 199. 200 
tinnunculoides, vi. 2G . 
tinnunculus, vi. 26 
torquatus, vi. 54 
trivirgatus, vi. 51 
tyrannus, vi. 46 
uliginosus, vi. 66 
uncinatus, vi. 47 
unicinctus, vi. 44. 52 
inubitinga, vi. 44 
variegatus, vi. 62 
velox, vi. 55 
versicolor, vi. 62 
vespertinus, vi. 26 
virgatus, vi. 55 

vocifer, vi. 37 

vociferus, vi. 37 

vultiirinus, vi. 23. 38 

xanthothorax, vi. 50 
Falcon, ashy, vi. 48 

banded-throat, vi. 27 

Barbary, vi. 25 

Bengal, vi. 30 

black and white, vi. 67 

black and white Indian, vi. 68 

black-thighed, vi. 28 

booted, vi. 34 

chaunting, vi. 54 

Chicquera, vi. 28 

chimachima, vi. 42 

colvy, vi. 30 

collared, vi. 54 

common, vi. 24. 196 

crested, vi. 45 

crested Indian, vi. 28 



Falcon, desert, vi. 63 

double-bearded, vi. 27 
dwarf, vi. 53 
ger, vi. 31. 32 
golden red, vi. 67 
jackal, vi. 63 

kober, vi. 200 

lake, vi. 45 

laughing, vi. 52 

long-legged, vi. 67 

long-tailed, vi. 56 

Madagascar, vi. 18 

maritime, vi. 202 

minute, vi. 54 

mountain, vi. 202 

New Zealand, vi. 41 

notched, vi. 31 

peregrine, vi. 24 

radiated, vi. 51 

red-legged, vi. 53 

red- throated, vi. 41 

Riocour's, vi. 58 

rough-footed, vi. 60 

Salvador, vi. 67 

severe, vi. 27 

short-tailed, vi.[64 

short-toed, vi. 50 

short-winged, vi. 50 

snowy, vi. 44 

spotted, vi. 29 

streaked, vi. 52 

Surinam, vi. 53 

Tachard, vi. 62 

two-toothed, vi. 31 

uniform, vi. 27 

white-necked, vi. 51 

white-rumped, vi. 47 

white-throated, vi, 27 

winking, vi. 61 

winter, vi. 67 

yearling, vi. 25 
Falconry, vi. 204 
Falcons, vi. 23. 195 

properly so called, vi. 24 
Falcunculus, vi. 295 

gutturalis, vi. 296 
Fallow Sniech, vi. 435 
Family, dentirostral, vi. 481 
Father, white, vi. 187 
Faucon a queue en ciseaux, vi. 243 

chanteur, vi. 54 
Faucons pelerins, vi. 25 
Fauvette, vii. 7 

des Alpes, vii. 36 
Fauvettes, vii. 7- 
Ficedula, vi. 3.39. 439 
Fieldfare, vi. 384. 524 
Figeaters, vi. 471 
Figuier a gorge jaune, vi. 472 



AYES. 



75 



Figuier bleu, le, vi. 473 

tacbet#, le, vi. 472 
Figulus, vii. 354 

albogularis, vii. 354 
Finch, Amaduvade, vii. 144 

American yellow, vii. 143 

Angola, vii. 145 

Bahama, vii. 145 

beautiful, vii. 136 

black-collared, vii. 132. 232 

black-faced, vi. 312; vii. 137 

blue-bellied, vii. 144 

Brazilian, vii. J 44 

Canary, vii. 143 

citril, vii. 142. 271 

common gold, vii. 139 

crescent, vii. 135 

crimson-crowned, vii. 162 

glossy, vii. 144 

gold, vii. 252 

green gold, vii. 140 

Lapland, vii. 119 

lark, vii. 148 

lazuli, vii. 148 

lepid, vii. 143 

mountain, vii. 138. 251 

orange, vi. 306 

parrot, vii. 140 

purple, vii. 157. IG2 

red-headed, vii. 132 

ring, vii. 154. 310 

rose, vii. 162 

savannah, vii. 148 

scarlet, vii. 1 40 

sea-side, vii. 149 

Senegal, vii. 144 

serin, vii. 142 

sharp-tailed, vii. 149 

snow, vii. 139 

thistle, vii. 253 

tree, vii. 135. 245 
Finches, vii. 138. 246 

gold, vii. 139. 252 
Finfoot, African, viii. 551 

American, viii. 551 
Fissirostres, vii. 57 

suppl. on the, vii 82 
Flamingo, viii. 543 

little, viii. 420 

pygmee, viii. 420 

red, viii. 419 
Flamingos, viii. 418 
Flercher, viii. 304 
Fluteur, le, vi. 392 ; vii. 348 
Flycatcher, African, vi. 363 

Australasian, vi. 346 

azure, vi. 329 

Banyumas, vi. 345 

black, vi. 501 



Flycatcher, black-collared, vi. 498 

black of Europe, vi. 494 

black-tipped, vi. 369 

blue gray, vi. 459 

Canada, vi. 455 

chattering, vi. 355 ; viii. 683 

coach whip, vi. 296 

collared, vi. 329. 501 

desert, vi. 329 

dun, vi. 344 

English, vi. 340. 501 

fan-tailed, vi. 368 

giiava, vi. 388 

hooded, vi. 455 

indigo, vi. 345 

Javan, vi. 346 

mutable, vi. 330 

obscure, vi. 345 

Peruvian, vi. 336 

pewit, vi. 350 

pied, vi.. 339. 501 

red-bellied, vi. 348 

red-eyed, vi. 356 

red-vented, vi. 344 

round-crested, vi. 332 

rufous-fronted, vi. 369 

small-headed, vi. 459 

solitary, vi. 355 

spotted, vi. 339. 493 

tyrant, vi. 324 

warbling, vi. 356 

white, vi. 326 

white-eyed, vi. 356 

wood pewit, vi. 350 

yellow-necked, vi. 329 

yellow-fronted, vi. 347 

yellow-rumped, vi. 321. 332 

yellow-throated, vi. 355 

Yetapa, vi. 355 
Flycatchers, vi. 318. 328. 491 

properly so called, vi. 339 
Formicivora, vi. 284 

maculata, vi. 284 

nigricoUis, vi. 284 
Fourmillier, le, vi. 437 
Fous, viii. 653 
Fowl, Guinea, viii. 16. 163 

Numidian, viii. 163 

oat, vii. 227 

pea, viii. 16 

Wallichean, viii. 21 
Francolin, viii. 261. 2G3 

Le Vaillant's, viii. 49 

long-beaked, viii. 50 

lunated, viii. 48 

thoracic, viii. 50 
Francolins, viii. 45 
Fratercula, viii. 556 

arctica, viii. 634 

l2 



76 



INDEX. 



Fratercula cirrhata, viii. 635 

psittacula, viii. 635 
Fregillus, vii. 379 
Frigates, viii. 652 
Fringilla, vii. 130. 137- 138 
Abyssinica, vii. 132 
./Ethiops, vii. 144 
albicollis, vii. 148 
Amandava, vii. 144 
Americana, vii. 148 
Anaena, vii. 148 
Angolensis, vii. 145 
arborea, vii. 148 
arcuata, vii. 135 
bella, vii. 310 
Bengalus, vii. 144 
bicolor, vii. 145 
Brissonii, vii. 157 
coerulescens, vii. 145 
calcarata, vii. 119. 129 
Canadensis, vii. 148 
Canaria, vii. 143 
cannabina, vii. 142 
capitalis, vii. 134 
carduelis, vii. 139. 252 
caudacuta, vii. 148. 149 
cinerea, vii. 139. 145 
Cisalpina, vii. 135 
citrinella, vii. 127. 142 
coccinea, vii. 140 
coelebs, vii. 138. 246 
coracina, vi. 300 
cristata, vi. 312 ; vii. 137 
crocea, vii. 128 
cruciger, vii. 138 
cyanea, vii. 148 
do.r.estica, vii. 135 
elegans, vii. 136 
erythrocephala, vii. 127- 131. 

132 
erythronotos, vii. 146 
erythroptlialma, vii. 129. 138 
fasciata, vii. 148 
flammea, vii. 148. 162 
flavicollis, vii. 148 
frontalis, vii. 146 
Georgica, vii. 149 
gnatho, vii. 158 
graminea, vii. 148 
granatina, vii. 144 
guttata, vii. 146 
Hispaniolensis, vii. 135 
hyemalis, vii. 148 
ictera, vii. 143 
ignicolor, vii. 134 
illiaca, vii. 138 
Italiae, vii. 135 
Lapponica, vii. 11!J. 129 
laticauda, vii. 134 



Fringilla lepida, vii. 143 
linaria, vii. 141 
leucocephala, vii. 140 
liitea, vii. 147 
luteola, vii. 134 
macroura, vii. 130. 134 
Magellanica, vii. 140 
marilima, vii. 149 
Martinicensis, vii. 158 
melanotis, vii. 147 
melba, vii. 140 
melodia, vii. 148 
melpoda, vii. 146 
montana, vii. 135. 245 
monticola, vii. 148 
monti-, vii. 138 
inontiiim, vii. 142 
nitens, vii. 144 
nivalis, vii. 1.39. 148 
noctis, vii. 158 
ornata, vii. 147 
oryx, vii. 134 
otoleucus, vii. 147 
palustris, vii. 148 
passerina, vii. 148 
Pennsylvanica, vii. 148 
petronia, vii. 154. 310 
phalerata, vii. 134 
pinus, vii. 141 
polyzona, vii. 147 
psaltria, vii. 141 
psittacea, vii. 140 
purpurea, vii. 157. 1G2 
pusilla, vii. 148 
quelea, vii. 137 
quinticolor, vii. 146 
rosea, vii. 162 
rubra, vii. 131 
rubriventris, vii. 146 
rufa, vii. 138 
rufobarbata, vii. 158 
Sanguinolenta, vii. 147 
savanna, vii. 148 
savannarum, vii. 148 
Senegala, vii. 144 
serinus, vii. 142 
simplex, vii. 147 
socialis, vii. 148 
spinas, vii. 142. 268 ■ 
var., vii. 140 
superciliosa, vii. 150 
textris, vii. 131 
tricolor, vii. 145 
tristis, vii. 141. 143; viii. 688 
velata, vii. 134 
vespertina, vii. 157 
viridis, vii. 146 
vitellina, vii. 134 
zena, vi. 306 



AVES, 



77 



Fringillffi, vii. 227 

Fulica, viii. 411. 542 

jEthiops, viii. 415 
Americana, viii. 415 
armillata, viii. 415 
atra, viii. 414 
aterrima, viii. 415 
Cayennensis, viii. 403. 409 
chloropus, viii. 411 
cristata, viii. 415 
fistulans, viii. 413 
flavipes, viii. 413 
flavirostris, viii. 413 
Floridana, viii. 415 
fusca, viii. 411 
leucoptera, viii. 415 
leucorix, viii. 415 
maculata, viii. 413 
Martinica, viii. 413 
Mexicana, viii. 415 
naevia, viii. 407. 411 
Noveboracensis, viii. 408 
porpliyrio, viii. 412. 542 
properly so called, viii. 414 

Fuligula, viii. 607. 612. 6G8 
cristata, viii. 614 
nigra, viii. 608 
oxyura, viii. 608 
rufitorques, viii. 614 

Furnarius, vii. 354 

annumbi, vii. 354 
Chilensis, vii. 354 
fuliginosus, vii. 354 
Lessonii, vii. 354 

Fuscalbin, le, vi. 415 



Gabiota circicienta, viii. 576 

Galapiot, vii. 351 ; viii. 689 

Galbula, vii. 435 

albirostris, vii. 436 
albiventris, vii. 437 
grandis, vii. 437 
macroura, vii. 436 
paradisea, vii. 436 
ruficauda, vii. 436 
viridis, vii. 426. 509 

Galgulus, vii. 185 

melanops, vii. 187 

Gallina pratajuola, viii. 453 

Gallinae, viii. 1 

suppl. to the, viii. 96 

Gallinago media, viii, 368 
minima, viii. 369 
minor, viii. 369 
saturata, viii. 370 

Gallinula, viii. 411 

Americana, viii. 412 
caesia, viii. 404 



Gallinula Carolina, viii. 400 

Cayennensis, viii. 404 

flavirostris, viii. 413 

fusca, viii. 412 

galeata, viii. 412 

gigas, viii. 404 

gularis, viii. 410 

Javanica, viii. 411 

lugubris, viii. 410 

obscura, viii. 412 

porphyrio, viii. 413 

rubiginosa, viii. 409 

ruficeps, viii. 404 

sarracura, viii. 404 

stellaris, viii, 407 
Gallinule, Abyssinian, viii. 410 

ardoisee, viii. 411 

black-blacked, viii. 413 

black-pointed, viii. 414 

Cayenne, viii. 403 

Chericote, viii. 405 

common, viii. 411 

crake, viii. 406 

crested, viii. 415 

dwarf, viii. 407 

favourite, viii. 413 

Kookra, viii. 410 

Jamaica, viii. 408 

mangle, viii. 404 

Martinico, viii. 413 

minute, viii. 408 

mournful, viii. 410 

Newr Holland, viii. 414 

purple, viii. 412. 542 

red-tailed, viii. 411 

rufous-breasted, viii. 408 

rusty, viii. 409 

Soree, viii. 408 

spotted, viii. 407 

variegated, viii. 403 

white, viii. 414 

white-chinned, viii. 410. 542 

yellow-breasted, viii. 408 
Gallinules, viii. 411. 542 
Gallus, viii. 18. 170 

Anstrutheri, viii. 21 

Bankiva, viii. 20. 174. 219 

crispus, viii. 19 

cristatus, viii. 216 

ecaudatus, viii. 21 

furcatus, viii. 21. 223 

gallinaceus peregrinus, viii. 444 

giganteus, viii. 21. 174. 218 

Javanicus, viii. 21 

lanatus, viii. 19 

Macartnyii, viii. 30 

Morio, viii. 19 

Mozambicus, viii. 19 

Patavinus, viii. 21. 218 



78 



INDEX. 



Gallus Patuornus, viii. 21 

pentedactylns, viii. 20 
Persicus, viii. 21 
pumilio, viii. 20 
Sonneratii, viii. 19 

Gampsonyx, vi. 66 

Swainsonii, vi. 50 

Gamulus Australis, vi. 355 

Ganga, viii. 41 

chata, viii. 257 

Gangas, viii. 25G 

Gannet, viii. 594 

lesser, viii. 594 

Garrots, viii. G09. CC5 

Garrule torqueole, vii. 182 

Garrulus, vii. 181 

auritus, vii. 182 
ccerulescens, vii. 182 
galericulatus, vii. 182 
gubernatrix, vii. 180 
melanogaster, vii. 182 
ultramarinus, vii. 182 

Geai noir a collier l)Ianc, vi. 2G8 

Geese, viii. COl. GGl 

Gelinotte huppe, viii. 36 

Gerfalcon, vi. 31. 202 

Gerfalcons, vi. 31 

Gilwut, viii. 21 

Glareola, viii. 416 

Australis, viii. 417 
Austriaca, viii. 417 
grallaria, viii. 417 
Isabella, viii. 417 
lactea, viii. 418 
naevia, viii. 417 
Orientalis, viii. 418 
pratincola, viii. 417 
torquata, viii. 417 

Glaucopis, viii. 184. 336 
cinerea, vii. 184 
leucoptera, vii. 184 
temiuira, vii. 184 

Glottis, viii. 375 

Goatsucker, vii. 104 

American, vii. 75 
ash-coloured, vii. 80 
banded, vii. 79 
Bombay, vii. 75 
Brasilian, vii. TG 
Cayenne, vii. 109 
Chuppa, vii. 75 
Cold river, vii. 8] 
collared, vii. 109 
European, vii. 106 
fork -tailed, vii. 78. 1 10 
gold-coloured, vii. 73 
Guiana, vii. 7G 
Indian, vii. 7G 
Jamaica, vii. 77 



Goatsucker, Javan, vii. 75 
Leona, vii. 108 
long-tailed, vii. 73 
New Holland, vii. 80 
rufous, vii. 76 
scissor-tailed, vii. 78. 113 
sharp-tailed, vii. 77 
spotted, vii. 80 
strigo'id, vii. 79 
Trinidad, vii. 81. 114 
varied, vii. 75 
Virginian, vii. 108 
white-collared, vii, 7G 
white-necked, vii. 109 
white-throated, vii. 74. 79 

Goatsuckers, vii. 70 

Gobemouche a lunettes, vi. 329 
etoile, vi. 357 
noir, vi. 498 

Gobemouches, vi. 318 

Godwit, American, viii. 374 
Barbary, viii. 373 
black-tailed, viii. 374 
Cambridge, viii. 337 
cinereous, viii. 386 
common, viii. 372 
Hudsonian, viii. 374 
lesser, viii. 373 
marbled, viii. 374 
red, viii. 373 

Godwits, viii. 372. 528 

Goelands, viii. 574 

Goldfinch, common, vii. 139 
green, vii. 140 

Goosander, viii. 674 

Goose, Antarctic, viii. 605 
bean, viii. 602 
black and white, viii. 621 
Brent, viii. 604 
bustard, viii. 605 
Canada, viii. 599 
common, viii. 601 
Egyptian, viii. 604 
eider, viii. 611 
Gambian, viii. 661 
grey-headed, viii. 606. 622 
loggerhead, viii. 609 
Magellanic, viii. 605 
painted, viii. 606 
red-breasted, viii. 605 
ruddy, viii. 622 
semipalmated, viii. 621 
short-legged, viii. 665 
snow, viii. 603 
swan, viii, 600 
variegated, viii. 606 
white-fronted, viii. 602 

Gorto, viii. 44 

Goruck. vi. 414 



AVES. 



79 



Goshawk, vi. 239 

common, vi. 48 

crested, vi. 43. 45 
Goshavrks, vi. 236 
Goura, viii. 73. 274 
Gracula, vi. 421 

athis, vi. 381 

barita, vii. 134. 168 

calvus, vi. 414 

calva, vi. 423 

carunculatus, vi. 413. 425 

Cayennensis, vii. 350 

cristatella, vi. 424. 548 

foetida, vii. 370 

glauca, vi. 304 

grisea, vi. 423 

gryllivora, vi. 422 

icterops, vi. 415 

larvata, vi. 425 

longirostris, vi. 379. 416 

melanocephala, vi. 418 

melanopterus, vi. 423 

nobilis, vi. 416 

nudicollis, vi. 370 

picoides, vii. 351 

plicatus, vi. 418 

quiscala, vii. 134. 168 

saularis, vi. 294. 392 

scandens, vii. 350 

sturnina, vi. 425 ; vii. 174 

tristis, vi. 422. 547 

viridis, vi. 399 

boat-tailed, vii. 134 

climbing, vii. 350 

dial, vi. 294 

green, vi. 399 

Paradise, vi. 547 

satin, vi. 548 
Grakles, vi. 546 
Grallse, viii. 293 

suppl. on the, viii. 421 
Grallaria, vi. 403 ; viii. 685 
Grallina, vi. 409. 545 

melanoleuca, vi. 410 
Graucalus, vi. 292 

mentalis, vi. 293 
Grebe, American, viii. 550 

black-breasted, viii. 550 

black-naped, viii. 550 

Cayenne, viii. 550 

Chili, viii. 550 

crested, viii. 547 

double-horned, viii. 549 

eared, viii. 549 

hoary, viii. 549 

horned, viii. 548 

little, viii. 555 

Philippine, little, viii. 549 

pied-bill, viii. 549 



Grebe, red-necked, viii. 548 

white-winged, viii. 550 

Grebes, viii. 547. 628 

Grenouillard, vi. 66 

Griffard, vi. 229 

Griffins, vi. 21. 190 

Griffon, le, vi. 161 

Grimpart enfum6, vii. 350 
flambre, vii. 350 
grand, vii. 350 
maille, vii. 350 \ 

promerops, vii. 351 

Grimpars, vii. 350 

Griveron, le, vi. 386 

Grives, vi. 510 

Grivetin, le, vi. 391 

Grosbeak, vii. 151 

Abyssinian, vii. 230 
azure, vii. 153 
Bengal, vii. 134 
black, vii. 154 
black-headed, vii. 158 
black-lined, vii. 153 
blue, vii. 156 
Brazilian, vii. 154 
Brisson, vii. 157 
brown, vii. 153 
Caffrarian, vii. 150 
Canada, vii. 157 
Cape, vii. 137 
cardinal, vii. 156 
common, vii. 156. 310 
crested Dominican, vii. 137 
Dominican, vii. 137 
evening, vii. 157 
fasciated, vii. 155 
Gambia, vii. 134 
grey-necked, vii. 156 
green, vii. 155. 309 
grenadier, vii. 136 
"haw, vii. 156. 310 
Java, vii. 153 
lineated, vii. 159 
Madagascar, vii. 155 
Malacca, vii. 152 
minute, vii. 159 
Molucca, vii. 151 
nitid, vii. 152 
nun, vii. 159 
pensile, vii. 132 
Philippine, vii, 131. 230 
pine, vii. 161. 316 
Porto Rico, vii. 158 
purple, vii. 312 
red-billed, vii. 151. 314 
red-breasted, vii. 154 
Siberian, vii. 159 
sociable, vii. 133. 232 
striated, vii. 152 



80 



INDEX. 



Grosbeak, violaceous, vii. 311 
warbling, vii. 153 
wax-billed, vii. 153 
white-headed, vii. 152 
white-throated, vii. 157 

Grosbeaks, vii. 308 

Gros-bec bleu de ciel, vii. 157 
longicone, vii. 151 

Grous, viii. 34. 243 

Bahtah, viii. 42 
black, viii. 34. 247 
crowned sand, viii. 44 
double-banded, viii. 43 
dusky, viii. 38 
Franklin's, viii. 39 
Gorto, viii. 44 
hazel, viii. 36. 250 
heteroclite, viii. 66. 2G8 
hybrid, viii. 35. 249 
Indian, viii. 43 
Louisiana, viii. 263 
Lybian, viii. 42 
Namaqua, viii. 42. 258 
pinnated, viii. 37 
pintado, viii. 251 
pin-tailed, viii. 41. 257 
ptarmigan, viii. 40. 253 
red, viii. 41. 256 
Rehusak, viii. 40 
Richardson's, viii. 39 
ruffed, viii. 37- 25) 
Sabine's, viii. 39 
sand, viii. 43. 259 
Senegal, viii. 42 
sharp-tailed, viii. 44 
singed, viii. 42. 258 
spotted, viii. 36. 251 
Surmagur, viii. 44 
willow, viii. 40. 256 
wood, viii. 34. 243 

Grus, viii. 327 

Balearica, viii. 475 
cinerea, viii. 330. 476 
minor, viii. 475 
Paradisea, viii. 330 
poliocephcea, viii. 331 
psophia, viii. 328 
struthio, viii. 331 
torquata, viii. 332 
virgo, viii. 475 

Grylle scapularis, viii. 554 

Guacuguacu, viii. 585 

Guan, viii. 8 

courier, viii. 33 
eyebrowed, viii. 10 
obscure, viii. 9 
supercilious, viii. 10 

Guans, viii. 7 

Guarauna,viii, 333 



Gubernates, vi. 318 

Cunninghami, vi. 319 
Guepier Adanson, vii. 405 

gris rose, vii. 405 

rouge gorge, vii. 405 

Sonnini, vii. 405 
Guillemot, black, viii. 632 

Brunnich's, viii. 554 

foolish, viii. 553. 632 

Mandt's, viii. 555 

marbled, viii. 555 

white, viii. 554 

white-lined, viii. 554 
Guillemots, viii. 553. 631 
Guiraca melanocephala, vii. 157 
Guirapita, viii. 512 
Guitguits, vii. 389 
Gull, Arctic, viii. 579 

black -headed, viii. 574. 576 

black-hooded, viii. 577 

common, viii. 575 

fish-eating, viii. 577 

forked- tailed, viii. 576 

glaucous, viii. 574 

herring, viii. 574 

ivory, viii. 675 

Kittiwake, viii. 579 

laughing, viii. 575 

little, viii. 577 

silvery, viii. 575 

skua, viii. 579 

white-eyed, viii. 576 
Gulls, viii. 573. 644 
Gur-Roo-Mul, viii. 563 
Gymnocephalus, vi. 357- 503. 508 
Gymnoderes, vi. 370. 503 
Gymnops, vi. 40 

fasciatus, vi. 41 

strigillatus, vi. 42 
Gypaete of the Alps, vi. 22 
Gj'paetos, vi. 19. 21 

barbatus, vi. 164 

of Africa, vi. 192 
Gypagus, vi. 18 
Gypogeranidae, vi. 68 
Gypogeranus, vi. 68. 248 
Gyps, vi. 16 



Habia a bee orange, vi. 300 
cega blanca, vi. 301 
cobigas pintadas, vi. 302 
gola negra, vi. 303 
jaune, vi. 317 
Ponceau, vi. 317 
purizo, vi. 302 
robustana, vi. 302 
roxisa, vi. 301 
verde, vi, 301 



AVES. 



81 



Haematopus, viii. 322 

ater, viii. 324 

Brasiliensis, viii. 323 

Capensis, viii. 324 

leucopus, viii. 324 

luctuosus, viii. 323 

niger, viii. 324 

ostralegus, viii 323. 466 

palliatus, viii. 323 
Halcyon cinnamoninus, viii. 68!) 
Haliaetus, vi. 36 

canorus, vi. 37 

Calei, vi. 37 
Halieus, viii. 589 
Halicus Brasilianus, viii. 591 

lucidus, viii. 592 
Halodroma, viii. 570. 642 
Hardbills, vii. 316 
Harfang, vi. 79 
Harpagus, vi. 31 
Harpies, vi. 42 
Harpy, vi. 66 

booted, vi. 43 

great, vi. 233 

great, of America, vi. 42 
Harpyia, vi. 42 

braccata, vi. 43 

ornata, vi. 43. 45 
Harrier, hen, vi. 65 
Hatis a bee court, viii. 585 

a tete noire, viii. 585 
Hawk, American sparrow, vi. 30. 202 

ash coloured, vi. 49 

banded, vi. 49 

banded-sided, vi. 64 

black-capped, vi. 55 

black sparrow, vi. 54 

broad-winged, vi. 49 

Brown's, vi. 56 

Caley's, vi. 37 

common, vi. 238 

common sparrow, vi. 53 

falcon like, vi. 56 

fish of America, vi. 39 

gos, vi. 49. 236. 239 

grey-breasted, vi. 51 

Indian sparrow, vi. 55 

insectivorous sparrow, vi. 55 

Javan sparrow, vi. 55 

large-billed, vi. 51 

marsh, vi, G6 

Nankin, vi. 29 

night, vii. 78 

one banded, vi. 44. 52 

orange speckled, vi. 29 

painted, vi. 44 

pigeon, vi. 30. 239 

prince Maximilian's crested, vi 
236 
Cttv. Index. 



Hawk, Ray's, vi, 49 

red femoral, vi. 29 

red-tailed, vi. 62 

sharp-shinned, vi. 55 

shining, vi. 50 

slate coloured, vi. 54 

slender, vi. 50 

sparrow, vi. 53 

speckled sparrow, vi. 63 

streaked, vi. 55 

three-streaked, vi. 51 

whistling, vi. 37 

white-billed, vi. 52 

yellow-throated, vi. 50 
Hawks, vi. 48. 236 

eagle, vi. 43 
Helias, viii. 333. 480 

phalanoides, viii. 334 
Heliornis, viii. 550. 629 

Senegalensis, viii. 551 
Hemipalma, viii. 383 
Hemipodius, viii. 61 

Dussumierii, viii. 65 

fasciatus, viii. 64 

Hottentotus, viii. 64 

lunatus, viii. 64 

maculosus, viii. 64 

Meiffrenii, viii. 63 

nigrifrons, viii. 62 

nivosus, viii. 63 

pugnax, viii. 62 

tachydromus, viii. 62 

thoracicus, viii. 63 
Heorotarii, vii. 357 
Heron, Agami, viii. 341. 491 

beautiful, viii. 342 

black-crested white, viii. 346 

blanc, viii. 491 

blue, viii. 341, 342. 491 

Caledonian night, viii. 346 

Cayenne, night, viii. 346 

cinnamon, viii. 347 

common, viii. 336. 485 

crested purple, viii. 489 

crowned, viii. 473 

demoiselle, viii. 329. 475 

gardenian night, viii. 345 

great, viii. 336 

laminated, viii. 510 

Louisiana, viii. 337 

Malacca, viii. 343 

minute, viii. 347 . 

New Guinea, viii. 337 

night, viii. 345. 493 

Philippine, viii. 344 

purple, viii. 489 

red-necked, viii. 491 

scolopaceous, viii. 333 

snowy, viii. 340 
M 



82 



INDEX. 



Heron, spotted, viii. 348 
wattled, viii. 332 
white-fronted, viii. 342 
yellow-necked, viii. 342 

Herons, viii. 335. 481 
night, viii. 345 

Herpethotheres, vi. 52 

Heteroclite, 1', viii. 66 

Hians, viii. 353 

Hierax, vi. 30 

Hierofalco, vi. 31 

Himantopus, viii. 392. 532 
albicollis, viii. 392 
atropurpureus, viii. 392 
autumnalis, viii. 392 
leucurus, viii. 393 
melanopterus, viii. 392 
melanurus, viii. 393 
Mexicanus, viii. 393 
nigricollis, viii. 393 
rufipes, viii. 392 

Hirundo, vii. 57- 60 
acuta, vii. 69 
albicollis, vii. 67. 70 
albiventer, vii. 67 
Alpestris, vii. 64 
ambrosiaca, vii. 64 
Americana, vii. 62. 64. 68 
apus, vii. 58 
bicolor, vii. 65 
Borbonica, vii. 68 
Capensis, vii. 63 
caudacuta, vii. 70 
Cayanensis, vii. 60. 93 
chalybea, vii. 63 
cinerea, vii. 61. 69 
corhinca, vii. 61 
cristata, vii. 64 
cyanoleuca, vii. 65 
cyanoptyrha, vii. 68 
Daurica, vii. 64 
domestica, vii. 65. 94 
Dominicensis, vii. 67 
erythrocephala, vii. 69 
esculenta, vii. 62 
fasciata, vii. 63 
filifera, vii. 66 
flavigaster, vii. 69 
Francica, vii. 67 
fuciphaga, vii. 62 
fulva, vii. 62. 68 ; viii. 687 
fusca, vii. 69. 93 
fuscata, vii. 64 
Hortensis, vii. 69 
Indica, vii. 63 
Javanica, vii. 68. 95 
jugularis, vii. 65 
klecho, vii. 59 
leucoptera, vii. 67 



Hirundo leucorhsea, vii. 69. 93 

leucothea, vii. 59 

Ludoviciana, vii. 61 

lunifrons, vii. 68 

Martinicana, vii. 69 

melampiga, vii. 65 

melanogaster, vii. 62 ; viii. 687 

melanoleuca, vii. 65 

nielba, vii. 58 

minuta, vii. 65 

montana, vii. 61. 94 

nigra, vii. 64 

nigricans, vii. 66 

Oonalaschkensis, vii. 66 

oxyura, vii. 70. 103 

Pacifica, vii. 70 

paludicola, vii. 64 

Panayensis, vii. 63 

Pelasgia, vii. 70. 104 

Peruviana, vii. 66 

purpurea, vii. 63. 92 

pyrrhonota, vii. 65. 68 

riparia, vii. 61. 91 

rufa, vii. 62 

ruficeps, vii. 66 

rufifrons, vii. 64 

rupestris, vii. 61. 94 

rupicollis, vii. 68 

rustica, vii. 61 

rutila, vii. 67 

Senegalensis, vii. 63 

Sinensis, vii. 59 

Smithii, vii. 61 

subis, vii. 63 

Tahitica, vii. 66 

tapera, vii. 64 

thalassinus, vii. 66 

torquata, vii. 67 

ui-bica, vii. 60. 89 

velox, vii. 59 

violacea, vii. 63 

virescens, vii. 68 

viridis, vi. 365 ; vii. 65 
Histrionicus, viii. 609 
Hoazin, viii. 4. 132 
Hobby, vi. 26. 200 

orange-breasted, vi. 28 

orange-legged, vi. 26 

spotted-tailed, vi. 67 
Hoccos, viii. 3. 98 
Holopodius, viii. 392 
Honey-eater, cowled, vi. 412 

graculine, vi. 415 

knob-fronted, vi. 412 
Honey-suckers, vi. 412 
Hoopoe, Cape, vii. 381 
Hoopoes, vii. 379. 398 

proper, vii. 380 
Hornbill, Angola, vii. 418 



AVES. 



83 



Hornbill, bifronted, vii. 417 

Bontian, vii. 417 

channelled, vii. 417 

crested, vii. 434 

crowned, vii. 418 

furrowed, vii. 417 

gingi, vii. 417 

great- billed, vii. 416 

Indian, vii. 417 

Malabar, vii. 4J6 

Panayan, vii. 417 

plowed, vii. 418 

psittaceous, vii. 465 

rhinoceros, vii. 416 

striped-tailed, vii. 418 

trumpet, vii. 41G 

unicorn, vii. 416 

violaceous, vii. 417 
Hornbills, vii. 415 
Horsefoot, viii. 385 

race, viii. 609 
Houbara, viii. 302 
Houppifere, Macartney, viii. 240 
Houppiferes, viii. 30. 240 
Howler, great grey, of Sweden, vi. 74 
Howler, vi. 74 
Humming-bird, broad-shafted, vii. 374 

crested brown, vii. 373 

crested green, vii. 372 

giant, vii. 398 

harlequin, vii. 372 

long-tailed, vii. 369 

racket-tailed, vii. 376 

red-throated, vii. 375 

sapphire, vii. 375 

smallest, vii. 376 

supercilious, vii. 368 

Tobago, vii. 375 

topaz, vii. 368 

tufted-necked, vii. 373 

white-bellied, vii. 375 
Humming-birds, vii. 367- 393 
Huppart, vi. 45 
Hute du soleil, viii. 346 
Hybarra, viii. 455 
Hydrobates, viii. 607. 609 
Hydrocorax dilophus, viii. 591 
Hylophilus, vi. 464 

poicilotis, vi. 464 

thoracicus, vi. 464 



Ibagau, vii. 113 

Ibis, viii. 358. 512 

albicollis, viii. 519 
bald, viii. 361 
bare-necked, viii. 360 
Bengala, viii. 360 
black, viii. 363 



Ibis, black-faced, viii. 362. 518 

calva, viii. 361 

Candida, viii. 355 

Cayenne, viii. 361 

chalcoptera, viii. 362 

crested, viii. 363 

Egyptian, viii. 355 

infuscata, viii. 361 

green, viii. 363. 518 

leucopygus, viii. 363 

macca, viii. 360 

melanocephalus, viii. 360 

Molucca, viii. 360 

nandapoa, viii. 355 

nudifrons, viii. 361 

oxycercus, viii. 361 

papillosa, viii. 360 

plumbeus, viii. 362 

religiosa, viii. 359. 518 

sacred, viii. 359 

scarlet, viii. 362. 518 

Theban, viii. 360 

white, viii. 363 

white-headed, viii. 356. 363 

white-necked, viii. 361 

wood, viii. 355 
Ibycter, vi. 40 

leucogaster, vi. 41 
Icteria dumicola, vi. 355 
Icterus, vii. 167; viii. 688 

anticus, vii. 171 

pecoris, vii. 168 

sulcirostris, vii. 168 

Tanagrinus, vii. 171 
Ictinia, vi. 66 
llha do Cirne, viii. 443 
Imber, lesser, viii. 552 
Imbrim, viii. 631 
Indicator, great, vii. 537 

Levaillantii, vii. 462 

major, vii. 462 
Indicators, vii. 462. 537 
lora scapularis, vi. 448 ; viii. 686 
Ipecati apoa, viii. 601 
Irena, viii. 683 

puella, vi. 373 
Iriburubicha, vi. 164 
Irupero, vi. 326 
Ispida Carolinensis, vii. 408 
Ixos, vi. 388. 390; viii. 684 

virescens, vi. 389 

chalcocephalus, vi. 390 



J;ibiru, viii. 349 

American, viii. 351. 508 
Brasiliensis, viii. 507 
guacu, viii. 508 
Senegal, viii. 352 
M 2 



84- 



INDEX. 



Jahiru, white-bellied, viii. 349 

Jabirus, viii. 351. 507 

Jacamaciri, vii. 437 

Jacamar, alcyoii, vii. 437 
great, vii. 437 
green, vii. 436 
Paradise, vii. 436 
rufous-tailed, vii. 43G 
three-toed, vii. 438 
Vaillant's great, vii. 437 
white-billed, vii. 436 
white-bellied, vii. 437 

Jacamars, vii. 435 

Jacamerops, vii. 437 

Jacana, viii. 395 

chestnut, viii. 396 
Chinese, viii. 397 
faithful, viii. 398. 539 
Indian, viii. 396 
variable, viii. 396 

Jacanas, viii. 395. 537 

Jacbird, vii. 387 

Jackdaw, vii. 176. 332 
little, vii. 134 

Jaco, vii. 496 

Jaculot, cinereus, vii. 408 

Jacuruti, vi. 72 

Jahana, viii. 395 

Janfredic, le, vi. 391. 438 

Jaseurs, vi. 503. 508 

Jay, vii. 181 

blue, vii. 179. 181 
Cayenne, vii. 179 
of Europe, vii. 181 
Paraguan, vii. 180 
Peruvian, vii. 179 
red-billed, vii. 179. 335 

Jays, vii. 335 

Jean le Blanc, vi. 40 

Jensan, viii. 622 

Julang, vii. 579 



Kakelick, viii. 52 

Kamichi, viii. 397- 538 

Kestrill, vi. 26. 201 
lesser, vi. 26 
rufous-backed, vi. 28. 202 

Kingfisher, Asiatic, vii. 410 
azure, vii. 414 
belted, vii. 408 
black and white, vii. 408 
black-billed, vii. 412 
black-capped, vii. 410 
Biru, vii. 410 
blue-eared, vii. 413 
blue-headed, vii. 409 
Cape, vii. 410 
cinereous, vii. 408 



Kingfisher, common, vii. 426 
Coromandel, vii. 411 
crab-eating, vii. 41 1 
crested, vii. 409 
double-eyed, vii. 412 
Gaudichaud's, vii. 428 
great African, vii. 408 
great brown, vii. 413 
green-headed, vii. 411 
grey-fronted, vii. 410 
half-collared, vii. 410 
Indian, vii. 409 
Leach's, vii. 429 
little, vii. 413 
Meninting, vii. 414 
purple, vii. 409 
rufous, vii. 409 
rufous and green, vii. 408 
sacred, vii. 428 
Senegal, vii. 411 
Smyrna, vii. 410 
spotted, vii. 408 
stubbed, vii. 112 
supercilious, vii. 409 
Ternate, vii. 411 
three-toed, vii. 414 
varied, vii. 112 
white and green, vii. 408 
white-headed, vii. 411 

Kingfishers, vii. 407. 424 

King, little, vii. 246 

of the couroumous, iv. 164 

Kinki, viii. 235 

Kite, black, vi. 58 

Brasilian, vi. 40. 235 
Carolina, vi. 58 
common, vi. 58. 241 
Etolian, vi. 243 
Mississippi, vi. 243 
swallow-tailed, vi. 58 

Kites, vi. 57- 241 

Klake, viii. 603 

Knot, viii. 376 

Krai, white, vi. 189 



Labbes, viii. 579 

Lagopedes, viii. 39 

Lamellirostres, viii. 597- 657 

Lamprotornis, vi. 393 

erythrophiis, vi. 395 
metallicus, vi. 394 

Langrayen, vi. 286. 487 

Laniarius, vi. 270 

Lanio, vi. 270. 315 

Lanius, vi. 262 

Afer, vi. 267 
albus, vi. 269 
Americanus, vi. 266 



AVES. 



85 



Lanius Antiguanus, vi. 271 
Avdosiaceus, vi. 270 
ati'icapillus, vi. 272 
atiicilla, vi. 291 
atrococcineus, vi. 272 
backakiri, vi. 271 
barbarus, vi. 270 
bicoloi', vi. 266 
Borealis, vi. 269. 485 
boubou, vi. 265. 272 
boubo, viii. 678 
brubru, vi. 265 
caesius, vi. 273 
Canadensis, vi. 273 
Capensis, vi. 265 
carbo, vi. 317 
Carolinensis, vi. 270 
Cayanus, vi. 290 
caerulescens, vi. 372 
collaris, vi. 265 
collurio, vi. 264 
collurio rufus, vi. 263 
corvinus, vi. 267 
cristatus, vi. 268 
Cuba, vi. 267 ; viii. 678 
curvirostris, vi. 285 
doliatus, vi. 272 
Dominicanus, vi. 288 
domicilla, vi. 275 
drongo, vi. 371 
emeria, vi. 486 
erythropterus, vi. 267. 271 ; viii. 

678 
excubitor, vi 263. 269. 485 
excubitor minor, vi. 263 
ferrugineus, vi. 267. 272 
frontalis, vi. 295 
forficatus, vi. 371 
Gambensis, vi. 267 
guttatus, vi. 273 
gutturalis, vi. 271 
infaustus, vi. 375 
inquisitor, vi. 290 ; viii. 680 
karu, vi. 269 ; viii. 677 
kirkocephalus, vi. 269 
leucocephalus, vi. 287; viii. 679 
leucogaster, vi. 287 
leucorhynchus, vi. 288 
Leverianus, vi. 295 
luctuosus, vi. 275 
Ludovicianus, vi. 270. 485 
macrourus, vii. 164 
Madagascariensis, vi. 266 
Malabaricus, vi. 371 
melanocephalus, vi. 269. 389 
meleager, vi. 276 
Mellivorus, vi. 267 
Manillensis, vi. 288 
Meridionalis, vi. 264 ; viii. 677 



Lanius mitratus, vi. 292 
mystaceus, vi. 268 
naevius, vi. 273 
Naotka, vi. 270 
Natka, vi. 270 
Nengeta, vi. 322 
Nubicus, vi. 265 
oleagineus, vi. 270 
olivaceus, vi. 270 
ornatus, vi. 271 
Pacificus, vi. 268 
palliatus, vi. 275 
Panayensis, vi. 269 
pendens, vi. 268 
personatus, vi. 265 
picatus, vi. 295 
pileatus, vi. 292 
pitungua, vi. 320 
plumatus, vi. 286 
poliocephalus, vi. 266 
Pomeranus, vi. 264 
punctatus, vi. 273 
rufescens, vi. 265 
ruficeps, vi. 265 
ruficollis, vi. 264 
rufus, vi. 264. 294 
rutilus, vi. 264 
rutilus y, vi. 271 
scapulatus, vi. 268 
scapularis, viii. 677 
schah, vi. 268 
Senegalensis, vi. 267 
Septentrionalis, vi. 269 
severus, vi. 275 
signatus, vi. 267 
silens, vi. 268 
spinitorquens, vi. 264 
stagurus, vi. 272 
sulphuratus, vi. 320 
superciliosus, vi. 265 
Tabuensis, vi. 269 
tyrannus var., vi. 323 
validus, vi. 292 
viridis, vi. 288 
Lanner, vi. 29 
Lanting, viii. 50 
Lapwing, viii. 460. 462 
Lapwings, viii. 318, 319 
Lark, vii. 116 

African, vi. 479 
Alpine, vii. 210 
Azara's, vii. 119 
black, vii. 118. 196 
cinereous, vii. 120 
clapper, vii. 11 7. 210 
common, vii. 194 
crested, vii. 116. 205 
desert, vii. 119 
double-banded, vii. 119 



86 



INDEX. 



Lark, double-crested, vii. 119. 212 
dusky, vi. 478 
field, vii. 194. 477 
gingi, vii. 120 
great-billed, vii. 119 
Isabella, vii. 196 
Italian, vii. 117 
Malabar, vii. 120 
meadow, vi. 477 
mutable, vii. 118 
New Zealand, vii. 120 
red, vi. 479 

red-backed, vii. 117. 210 
red-crowned, vii. 118 
rufous, vi. 479 
Senegal, vii. 120 
short-toed, vii. 117. 209 
sky, vii. 116. 194 
undated, vii. II7 
white, vii. 196 
white-banded, vii. 119 
willow, vi. 478 
wood, vii. 117. 207 

Larks, vii. 193 

field, vii. 55 ; vi. 477 
sea, viii. 530 

Larus, viii. 573. C44 

Andouinii, viii. 578 
Arcticus, viii. 576 
argentatoides, viii. 577 
argentatus, viii. 574. 576 
atricella, viii. 576 
canus, viii. 575 
cataractes, viii. 579 
cirrhocephalus, viii. 576 
crepidatus, viii. 579 
cyanorhynchus, viii. 575 
Dominicanus, viii. 578 
eburneus, viii. 575 
erythropus, viii. 575 
flavipes, viii. 575 
fuscus, viii. 575 
glaucoides, viii. 576 
glaucus, viii. 574 
hsematorhynchus, viii. 578 
Hybernus, viii. 575 
ichthysetus, viii. 577 
leucomela, viii. 574 
leucopthalmus, viii. 576 
leucopterus, viii. 576 
maculipennis, viii. 578 
marinus, viii. 574 
melanocephalus, viii. 577 
melanurus, viii. 577 
rainutus, viii. 577 
naevius, viii. 574 
Pacificus, viii. 574 
parasiticus, viii. 579. 580 
poliocephaluS; viii. 576 



Larus ridibundus, viii. 575 

rissa, viii. 579 

roseus, viii. 578 

Sabini, viii. 576 

tridactylus, viii. 579 
LaTandieres, vii. 53 
Leptopteryx, vi. 287 

leucorhynchos, vi. 287 
Leptosomus, vii. 461 
Lestris, viii. 579 

catarractes, viii. 580 

pomarinus, viii. 580 
Limacula glottis, viii. 386 

marmorata, viii. 374 
Limosa, viii. 372. 528 

aegocephala, viii. 374 

Candida, viii. 375 

Meyeri, viii. 373 

rufa, viii. 373 
Linaria, vii. 141 
Lindo azul, vi. 299 

azul cabeza blanca, vi. 306 

bello, vi. 305 

celeste oro y negro, vi. 306 

pardo carpo amarillo, vi. 333 
Linnet, vii. 262 

great red-headed, vii. 142 

lesser red-headed, vii. 141 
Linnets, vii. 139. 141. 252 
Liponix, viii. 31 
Lobipes, viii. 391. 532 
Lobopesineanus, viii. 392 
Loggerhead, vii. 387 
Lohong, viii. 304 
Longipennes, viii. 563. 639 
Longirostres, viii. 358. 512 
Lophophores, viii. 13 
Lophophorus, viii. 13. 153 

Cuvieri, viii. 14 

refulgens, viii. 14 

Wallichii, viii. 15 
Lophorina, vii. 191 
Lophyrus, viii. 73 
Loriots, vi. 540 
Lory, black-capped, vii. 500 

blue-tailed, vii. 501 

Bornean, vii. 492 

Ceram, vii. 501 

collared, vii. 500 

grand, vii. 491 

king's, vii. 580 

unicolor, vii. 500 
Lorys, vii. 500 
Loxia, vii. 160 

Abyssinica, vii. 132. 134 

Angolensis, vii. 160 

Astrild, vii. 153 

atricapilla, vii. 154 

bella, vii. 153 



AVES. 



87 



Loxia Brasiliana, vii. 154 
Brissonii, vii. 157 
Canadensis, vii. 157 
cantans, vii. 153 
Capensis, vii. 137 
cardinalis, vii. 156 
chloris, vii. 155. 309 
coccothraustes, vii. 156. 309 
coerulea, vii. 157 
collaiia, viii. 159 
cuvirostra, vii. 160. 161 
cyanea, vii. 153 
Dominicana, vii. 137 
enucleator, vii. 161 
erythrina, vii. 162 
erythromelas, vii. 158 
falcirostris, vi. 161 
fasciata, vii. 155 
flamengo, vii. 162 
frontalis, vii. 146 
fusca, vii. 153 
fuscata, vii. 153 
grossa, vii. 157 
guttata, vii. 155 
hasmatina, vii. 155 
Hamburgia, vii. 135 
ignicolor, vii. 137 
leucoptera, vii. 161. 316 
lineola, vii. 159 
Ludoviciana, vii 154 
macroura, vii. 134. 151 
Madagascariensis, vi. 266; vii. 

155 
Maia, vii. 152 
Malacca, vii. 152 
melanura, vii. 156 
melanocephala, vii. 134 
melanoleuca, vi. 288 
Mexicana, vi. .315 
minuta, vii. 159 
Molucca, vii. 151 
nigra, vii. 154 
nitida, vii. 152 
noctis, vii. 160 
ostrina, vii. 156 
oryx, vii. 136 
oryzivora, vii. 15.3 
pensilis, vii. 132 
Philippina, vii. 131 
Portoricensis, vii. 158 
psittacea, vii. 162 
punctularia, vii. 152 
pyrrhula, vii. 158 
pytiopsittacus, vii. 161. 316 
quadricolor, vii. 151 
quinticolor, vii. 155 
rosea, vii. 157. 162 
sanguinirostris, vii. 151 
Siberian, vii. 159 



Loxia socia, vii. 133 

striata, vii. 152 
torrida, vii. 160 
variegata, vii. 152 
violacea, vii. 158 
Virginica, vi. 315 

Loyca, vii. 326 

Lulu, vii. 117. 207 

Lypornix, vii. 463 

unicolor, vii. 463 

Lyres, vi. 426 ; vii. I 



Macao k bee crochu, viii. 549 

cornu, viii. 549 

petit, viii. 550 
Macareux, viii. 633 
Maccaw, vii. 481 

blue and yellow, vii. 482 

Brazilian green, vii. 483 

hyacinthine, vii. 482, 577 

military, vii. 482 

parrakeet, vii. 483 

parrot, vii. 483 

purple-backed, vii. 483 

red and blue, vii. 482. 577 

red, yellow, and blue, vii. 482 

varied, vii. 482 
Maccaws, vii. 576 
Machetes, viii. 381 
Macreuse, viii. 607. 665 
Macrodactyli, viii. 394 
Macrodactylus, viii. 537 
Macroptera, viii. 687 
Macropteryx, viii. 687 
Macropus, vii. 458 

caixana, vii. 459 

phasianellus, vii. 459 
Macroramphus, viii. 371- 608 
Macrotarsus, viii. 532 
Macucagua, viii. 328 
Maenura, vi. 426 ; vii. 1 
Magpie, vii. I79 

Bernet's, vii. 334 

common, vii. 333 
Malaconotus, vi. 271 ; viii. 678 
Malcoha a bee peint, vii. 465 

red and green, vii. 464 

red-headed, vii. 464 

rouverdin, vii. 464 
Malcohas, vii. 464. 538 
Maleyka, viii. 349 
Malkoha Java, vii. 465 
Malurus, vi. 466; vii. 39 

Africanus, vii. 348 

Brownii, vi. 469 

damans, vi. 467 

exilis, vi. 469 

galactoides, vi. 467 



88 



INDEX. 



Malurus gracilis, vi. 467 

hirundinaceus, vi. 469; viii- 686 

Lambertii, vi. 468 

leucopterus, vi. 469 ; vii. 164 

palustris, vi. 468 

superciliosus, vi. 469 

textilis, vii. 1G4 
Manakin, Papuan, vi. 345 

Peruvian, vi. 427 

rock, vi. 427 ; vii. 2 

striped-headed, vi. 431 

tuneful, vi. 298 
Manakins, vi. 427 ; vii. 1 

true, vi. 428 
Manchots, viii. 637 
Mandurria, viii. 519 
Mangoipe, viii. 400 
Mankerro, viii. 400 
Manloague, viii. 400 
Mantele, le, vi. 329 
Manucode, vii. 339 
Marabous, viii. 350 
Marcia, viii. 622 

fistularis, viii. 622 
Marten, vii. 89 
Martens, vii. 57 
Martin, common, vi. 547 

greatest, vii. 59 
Martins, vi. 421. 546 
Martins-chasseurs, vii. 413 
Mauve, viii. 574 
Mbiyui, vii. 94 
Mbiyiumbopi, vii. 103 
Megalurus, vi. 467 

palustris, vi. 480 
Megapode a pieds rouges, viii. 401 
Megapodius, viii. 71. 399. 540 

Duperrey, viii. 400 

Freycinet, viii. 400. 540 

La Perouse, viii. 400 

maenura, vi 426 

Reinwardtii, viii. 540 
Meleagris, viii. 15. 154 

gallopavo, viii. 16 

ocellata, viii. 16 

satyra, viii. 31 
Meliphaga, vi. 412, 413. 416 

chrysocephala, vi. 398 

cyanops, vi. 415 

Javanica, vi. 390 

maculata, vi. 419 

mystacalis, vi. 419 

reticulata, vi. 419 
Melithreptus, vi. 420; vii. 357- 390 

agilis, vii. 359 

albicapillus, vii. 359 

albicoUis, vii. 359 

ater, vii. 359 

atricapillus, vii. 358 



Melithreptus canescens, vii. 358 

cardinalis, vii. 359 

ccerulescens, vii. 358 

collaris, vii. 358 

cucullatus, vii. 359 

dibaphus, vii. 359 

erythropigius, vii. 359 

flavicans, vii. 359 

flavicollis, vii. 359 

fuscus, vii. 358 

guttatus, vii. 359 

melanoleucus, vii. 359 

melanops, vii. 359 

Novas Hollandiae, vii. 359 

obscurus, vii. 358 

Pacificus, vii. 358 

pyrrhopterus, vii. 358 

sanguinolentus, vii. 359 

sannio, vii. 359 

tenuirostris, vii. 358 

vestiarius, vii. 358 

virescens, vii. 359 
Mellisuga, vii. 360 
Merganser, viii. 673 

Brasilian, viii. 627 

goosander, viii. 625 

hooded, viii. 627 

red-breasted, viii. 626 

smew, viii. 626 
Mergulus alle, viii. 555 
Mergus, viii. 551. 625. 673 

albellus, viii. 626 

Brasiliensis, viii. 627 

castor, viii. 626 

cucullatus, viii. 627 

merganser, viii. 625. 674 

minutus mustelinus, viii. 626 

serrator, viii. 626 
Merion leucoptere, vii. 164 

natte, vii. 164 
Meriones maculatus, vi. 470 
Merla bicolor, vi. 397 
Merle curouje, vi. 388 

de la nouvelle Guinee, vi. 395 

6caille, le, vi. 414 

fluteur, le, vi. 470 
Merles, vi. 374. 510 
Merlin, vi. 26 

common, vi. 200 

rock, vi. 200 
Merops, vii. 400 

albifrons, vi. 417 ; vii. 405 

amictus, vii. 403 

apiaster, vii. 400 

auritus, vi. 418 

badius, vii. 401 

Bengalensis, vii. 401 

Brasiliensis, vii. 405 

Bullock, vii. 404 



AVES. 



89 



Merops cserulescens, vii. 405 

Cafer, vii. 365. 405 

carunculatus, vi, 413 ; vii. 405. 
413 

Cayanensis, vii. 402 

chrysocephalus, vii. 405 

chrysopterus, vi. 41? 

cinereus, vii. 405 

Cincinnatus, vi. 416 ; vii. 405 

congener, vii. 405 

corniculatus, vi. 412 ; vii. 405 

Coromandus, vii. 403 

cucullatus, vi. 417 ; vii. 405 

Cuvieri, vii. 402 

cyanops, vi. 415 ; vii. 405 

Daudin, vii. 403 

Egyptius, vii. 401 

erythropterus, vii. 402 

fasciculatus, vi. 416 ; vii. 405 

garrulus, vi. 417 ; vii. 405 

gularis, vii. 403 

Javanicus, vii. 405 

Lamarckii, vii. 402 

Leschenault, vii. 404 

Malimbicus, vii. 403 

melanurus, vii. 405 

minutus, vii. 404 

Molluccensis, vi. 414 

monachus, vi. 412; vii. 405 

niger, vi. 416 

Novae Zealandife, vi. 416 

olivaceus, vi. 418 ; vii. 356 

Orientalis, vii. 405 

ornatus, vi. 417 ; vii. 401 

Philippinus, vii. 402 

Phrygius, vi. 414; vii. 405 

puella, vii. 422 

quinticolor, vii. 403 

rufus, vii. 354 ; viii, 689 

Savignii, vii. 402 

Senegalensis, vii. 401 

Spiza, vi. 420 

superbus, vii. 401 

superciliosus, vii. 401 

torquatus, vii. 401 

urica, vii. 404 

viridis, vii. 401. 402 
Merula, vi. 510. 530 

Candida, vi. 374 

flavirostris, vi. 380 

leucocephala, vi. 374 

tristis, vi. 380 

varia, vi. 374 
Messenger, vi. 251 
Microdactylus, viii. 326 

cristatus, viii. 326 
Micropterus, viii. 609. 665 
Micropus Alpinus, vii. 59 

murariiis, vii. 58 
Cui). Index. 



Millouins, viii. 612. 668 
Milvago, vi. 40 

ochrocephalus, vi. 41 
Milvina, vi. 57 
Milvus, vi. 57 

cencliris, vi. 57 

sphenura, vi. 36. 59 
Mimeta, vi. 399 ; viii. 684 

flavocinctus, vi. 399 

meriiloides, vi. 399 

viridis, viii. 684 
Mira mata, viii. 28 
Mirafa Javanica, vii. 119 
Missel, vi. 524 
Mitou poranga, viii. 3 
Mitous, viii. 3 
Mitu, viii. 6 
Mniotella, vii. 356 ; viii. 686 

varie, vii. 356 
Monarcha, vi. 328 
Monasa, vii. 463 

personata, vii. 463 
Monaulus Impeyanus, viii. 14 
Mocking-birds, vi. 510 
Moqueurs, vi. 510 
Moineau du Bresil, vii. 150 

ignicolor, vii. 137 
Molenar, le, vi. 329 
Molinar, vi. 494 
Momotus, vii. 423 
Montain, grand, vii. 129 
Mormon, viii. 556 

fratercula, viii. 556 

glacialis, viii, 557 
Morinellus marinus, viii. 385 
Morphnus, vi. 43 
Morns parvus, viii. 595 
Moschatus, viii. 618 
Motacilla, vi. 434, 435. 474 ; vii. 3. 7. 

50 
Motacilla Q^lnanthe, vi. 435 ; vii. 4 

sestiva, vi. 460. 472 

Afra, vi. 476 

Africana, vi. 470 

aguimp, vi. 475 

alba, vi. 475 ; vii. 51 

albicapilla, vi. 448 

albicollis, vi. 460. 462 

Alpina, vi. 465 ; vii. 37 

aquatica, vi. 443 

areola, vi. 447 

arundinacea, vi. 442 ; vii. 30 

atrata, vi. 440 

atricapilla, vi. 340. 369. 444. 
475 

aurocapilla, vi. 454 

Awatcha, vi. 464 

bananivora, vi. 463 

Blackburnioe, vi. 460 
N 



90 



INDEX. 



Motacilla, boarula,vi. 470 
Bonariensis, vi. 460 
Borealis, vi. 4C1 
caevulea, vi. 459 
caerulescens, vi. 475 
Cafra, vi. 447 
calidris, vi. 463 
Calliope, vi. 440 
campestris, vi. 4G',i 
Canadensis, vi. 454. 457 
Capensis, vi. 475. 470- 477 
caprata, vi. 436 
caryopbyllacea, vi. 44f) 
Cayana, vii. 172 
chloroleuca, vi. 462 
chrysocephala, vi. 462 
chrysogastra, vi. 476 
chrysoptera, vii. 172 
cincta, vi. 454 
cinerea, vi. 475 
Cingalensis, vi. 448 
citrina, vi. 452 
citreola, vi. 476 
coronata, vi. 454 
cristata, vi. 333 
curruca, vi. 445; vii. 34 
cyanea, vi. 450- 468 
cyanocepliala, vii. 172 
cyanura, vi. 447 
Dominica, vi. 462 
dorsalis, vi. 464 
dumetorum, vi. 445 
erithacus, vi. 440 
erythrogaster, vi. 447 
familiarls, vii. 1 29 
ficedula, vi. 340 
flava, vi. 476 ; vii. 54 
flavescens, vi. 449 
flavicauda, vi. 333 
flavifrons, vii. 172 
fulicata, vi. 436 
fulva, vi, 472 
fuscata, vi. 450 
fuscescens, vi. 462 
fuscicollis, vi. 461 
garrula, vi. 445 
Gibraltariensis, vi. 440 
Guira, vi. 463 
gularis, vi. 402. 463 
hiiundinacea, vii. 357 
hortensis, vi. 446 
Hudsonica, vi. 475 
hypolai's, vi, 472 
icterocephala, vi 456 
Indica, vi. 476 
ischecantschia, vi. 435. 450 
Kamtschatkensis, vi. 46,3 
leucomela, vi. 436 
leucorhoa, vi. 437 



Motarilla lineata, vii. 172 
littorea, vi. 450 
livida, vi. 449 
longipes, vi. 452 
longirostra, vi. 450 
Ludoviciana, vi. 460. 472 
lugubris, vi. 475 
luscinia, vi. 441 
lutescens, vi. 447 
macroura, vi. 391 
maculosa, vi. 455 
Madagascariensis, vi. 463 
Maderaspatana, vi. 453. 4/5 
Mauritiana, vi. 449. 473 
melanocephala, vi. 476 
melanops, vi. 476 
modularis, vi. 465 
multicolor, vi. 462 
murina, vi 447 
nsevia, vi. 443 
nigrirostris, vi. 447 
nisoiia, vi. 445 
ochirura, vi. 450 
olivacea, vi. 448 
palmavum, vi. 454 
Patagonica, vi. 461 
passerina, vi. 445 
Pennsylvanica, vi. 456 
pensilis, vi. 460 
petechia, vi. 460 
phaenicurus, vi. 440 
Pbilippensis, vi. 436 
Philomela, vi. 441 
pinguis, vi. 454 
protonothaiius, vii. 172 
provincialis, vi. 446 
pusilla, vi. 471 
regulus, vii. 39 
rubecula, vi. 439 
rubicola, vi. 435 
ruficauda, vi. 461 
ruticilla, vii. 122 
salicaria, vi. 443 
scialis, vi. 440 
schaenobanus, vi. 443 
Scheltobriusk, vi. 470 
silvia, vi. 444 
Sinensis, vi. 449 
solitaria, vi. 438 
Southern, vi. 370 
speciosa, vi. 478 
spinicauda, vii. 349 
Stapazina, vi. 435 
striata, vi. 456 
subflava, vi. 391. 469 
Suecica, vi. 439 
sulphurea, vi. 476 
sunamisica, vi. 450 
sutoria, vi. 450 



AVES. 



91 



Motacilla tigrina, vi. 457 

titys, vi. 440 

typhia, vi. 448 

trochilus, vi. 472 ; vii. 41 

Troglodytes, vi. 473 

Tschutschensis, vi. 476 

umbria, vi. 454 

undata, vi. 449 

velia, vi. 305 

varia, vi. 464 ; vii. 356 

variegata, vi. 475 

vermivora, vii. 172 

virens, vi. 456 

viridis, vi. 475 

Zeylonica, vi. 448 
Motmot, vii. 423 

Brasilian, vii. 406 

Dombey, vii. 407 

red-headed, vii. 407 
Motmots, vii. 406 
Mouette cendree, viii. 578 

grande, viii. 578 
Mouettes, viii. 574 
Mud-hen, fresh-water, viii. 402 
Murier, vi. 502 
Muscicapa, vi. 318. 328. 339 

Aedon, vi. 344. 494 

Afra, vi. 330 

agilis, vi. 352 

albicapilla, vi. 333 

albifrons, vi. 342 

albiventer, vi. 327 

alector, vi. 354 

alectura, vi. 354 

ampelina, vi. 354 

animosa, vi. 323 

Arcadica, vii. 337 

armillata, vi. 333 

atra, vi. 324. 350 

atricapilla, vi. 339, 340. 343. 
501 

audax, vi. 320 

aurantia, vi. 292. 337. 339 

auricomis, vi. 417 

Australis, vi. 347- 370 

azurea, vi. 341 

azurou, vi. 493 

Banyumas, vi. 345 

barbata, vi. 324. 332. 347 ; viii. 
681 

bicolor, vi. 337. 350, 351. 3(i2 

biloba, vi. 372 

Borbonica, vi. 330 

caeruleocapilla, vi. 342 

ceerulea, vi. 329. 341. 459 ; viii. 
683 

caesia, vi. 273. 353 

Caledonica, vi. 367 

Cambaiensis, vi. 347 



Muscicapa Canadensis, vi. 351 
cana, vi. 362 
cantatrix, vi. 345. 356 
Capensis, vi. 341 
carinata, vi. 328. 331 
Carolinensis, vi. 385 
caudacuta, vi. 334 
Cayanensis, vi. 349 
cinerascens, vi. 325 
cinerea, vi. 321. 323 
Cingalensis, vi. 331 
cinnamomea, vi. 332 
coccinigastra, vi. 348 
Cochinsinensis, vi. 341 
collaris, vi. 329. 340 
colonus, vi. 336 
comata, vi. 341 
coronata, vi. 332. 338. 349 ; viii. 

682 
crepitans, vi. 296 
cristata, vi. 328. 330. 352 
cucullata, vi. 347 
cyanea, vi. 329 
cyanocephala, vi, 342 
cyanomelas, vi. 344 
cyanorostris, vi. 333 
Deserti, vi. 329 
despotes, vi. 319 
diope, vi. 277 
diops, vi. 353 
divaricata, vi. 373 
Dominicana, vi. 327 
emarginata, vi. 373 
erincta, vi. 320 
erythrogaster, vi. 348 
erythropis, vi. 341 
eximia, vi. 353 
ferox, vi. 324 
ferruginea, vi. 351 
flabellifera, vi. 368 
flammea, vi. 346 
flammiceps, vi. 354 
flava, vi. 327 
flavicauda, vi. 326. 350 
flavicollis, vi. 329 
flavifrons, vi. 347 
flavigaster, vi. 368 
flaviventris, vi. 334 
forficata, vi. 319 
fucata, vi. 319 
fuliginosa, vi. 351 ; vii. 122 
fusca, vi. 324. 334. 350 
fuscescens, vi. 330 
galeata, vi. 326 
Goodenovii, vi. 348 
grisea, vi. 343 
griseo capilla, vi. 343 
grisola, vi. 339. 493 
gularis, vi. 353 
N 2 



92 



INDEX. 



Muscicapa hoemoilioiisa, vi. 344. oVA. 
388 
hirundinea, vi. 345 ; viii. C82 
hyacinthina, vi. 346 
icteropterys, vi. 334 
indigo, vi. 345 
Joazeiro, vi. 322 
Javanica, vi. 344. 346 
labrosa, vi. 331 ; viii. 681 
Latliami, vi. 348 
legatus, vi. 321 
leucura, vi. 342 
longicauda, vi. 319 
longipes, vi. 356 ; viii. 683 
Ludoviciana, vi. 320 
lutea, vi. 367 
Luzoniensis, vi. 330 
maculata, vi. 348 
Madagascariensis, vi. 330 
moesta, vi. 326 
malachura, vi. 468 
Manillensis, vi. 342 
mastacalis, vi. 354 
melanictera, vi. 345 
melanoleuca, vi. 329 
melanocephala, vi. 347- 469 
melanopis, vi. 367 
melanops, vi. 333 
melanoptera, vi. 329. 351 
melodia, vi. 356 
meloxantha, vi. 341 

miniata, vi. 346 

minuta, vi. 351. 459 

niitrata, vi. 455 

monacha, vi. 336 

multicolor, vi. 348 

muscipeta, vi. 340 

mutata, vi. 330 

mystacea, vi. 327- 3(>7 

nsevia, vi. 367 

nigerrima, vi. 333 

nigricans, vi. 334 

nigriceps, vi. 326 

nigrifrons, vi. 343 

nitens, vi. 345 

nitida, vi. 341 

nivea, vi. 326 

Novae Hollandise, vi. 367 

Noveboracensis, vi. 356 

nunciola, vi. 324. 350 

obscura, vi. 332. 345. 347 ; viii. 
682 

obsoleta, vi. 352 

ochracea, vi. 363 

ochrocephala, vi. 367 

ochroleuca, vi. ^52 

oleaginea, vi. 325 

olivacea, vi. 356 

pagana, vi. 325 



Muscicapa Paradisii, vi. 330 
parva, vi. 340 
passerina, vi. 348 
pectoralis, vi. 367. 434 
petechia, vi. 336 
Phoebe, vi. 324. 350 
phoenoleuca, vi. 333 
Philippensis, vi. 330 
plumbea, vi. 325 
polyglotta, vi. 322 
Pondicheria, vi. 342 
pririt, vi. 340 
pristinaria, vi. 344. 494 
psalura, vi. 355 
Psidii, vi. 342. 388 
punctata, vi. 334 
pygmsea, vi. 352 
querula, vi. 349. 350 
rapax, vi. 350 
rhodogastra, vi. 348 
rhodoptera, vi, 346 
rivularis, vi. 354 
rosea, vi. 342 
rubra, vi. 315. 334 
rubricollis, vi. 314. 359 
rufescens, vi. 338 
ruficapilla, vi. 334 
rufifrons, vi. 351. 369 
rufina, vi. 327 
rufiventris, vi. 344 
rupestris, vi. 354 
ruticilla, vi. 350 ; viii. 682 
ruticoUa, vi. 333 

Sandwichensis, vi. 347 

Saya, vi. 350 ; viii. 682 

scita, vi. 344 

sebrica, vi. 344 

Senegalensis, vi. 331. 340 

sibilans, vi. 326 

sibilator, vi. 334 

silva, vi. 356 

similis, vi. 322 

Sinensis, vi. 343 

solitaria, vi. 355 

spadicea, vi. 332 

stellata, vi. 357 ; viii. 683 

stenura, vi. 354 ; viii. 682 

straminea, vi. 354 

strangulata, vi. 325 

streptophora, vi. 340 

subflava,^ vi. 346 

Suiriri, vi. 352 

sulfurea, vi. 326 

superciliosa, vi. 343 

Surinama, vi. 352 

sylvicola, vi. 355 

tectec, vi. 343 

thamnophiloides, vi. 322 

torquata, vi. 341 



AVES. 



93 



Muscicapa tyrannus, vi. 319 
undulata, vi. 344 
varia, vi, 327 
variegata, vi. 343 
velata, vi. 325 
ven trails, vi. 353 
vetula, vi. 319 
virens, vi. 350 
virescens, vi. 353 
virgata, vi. 352 
viridis, vi. 355 
vittigera, vi. 325 
vociferans, vi 354 
Yetapa, vi. 320 
Yiperu, vi. 319 

Musophaga, vii. 508. 584 
gigantea, vii. 507 
variegata, vii. 507 
violacea, vii. 508 

Muthurau, viii. 27 

Mycteria, viii. 351. 507 

Americana, viii. 351. 508 
Senegalensis, viii. 352 
macropterus, vi. 368 

Myiagra, vi. 368 

plumbea, vi. 368 
rubecoloides, vi. 368 

Myiothera, vi. 399 ; viii. 685 
affinis, vi. 400 
brachyura, vi. 400 
campanisona, vi. 404 
capistrata, vi. 405 
Coraya, vi. 408 
ferruginea, vi. 408 
fuliginosa, vi. 405 
leuconota, vi. 409 
loricata, vi. 406 
malura, vi. 407 
melanothorax, vi. 405 
mentalis, vi. 405 
nematura, vi. 406 
perspicillata, vi. 406 
pileata, vi. 406 
ruficeps, vi. 409 
rufimarginata, vi. 408 
squamata, vi. 406 
strictothorax, vi. 405 
superciliaris, vi. 278. 405 
tetema, vi. 404 
tinnicus, vi. 403 
umbretta, vi. 404 
velata, vi. 400 

Myioturdus, vi. 403 

Myophonus, vi. 402 

nietallicus, vi. 403 

Myrmothera, vi. 403 ; viii. 685 
axillaris, vi. 407 
coerulescens, vi. 409 
Colma, vi. 404 



Myrmothera fuscicapilla, vi. 407 

gutta, vi. 409 

longipes, vi. 407 

melanoleucos, vi. 407 

tetema, vi. 404 

tinnica, vi. 544 
Mystacinus, vii. 123 



Nabirop, vi. 393 
Nacagua, vi. 52 
Nacunda, vii. 76 
Nacurutu, vi. 72 

sans aigrettes, vi. 83 
Nandou, viii. 296 
Nandu, viii. 438 
Nauclerus, vi. 58 
Nasican le, vii. 351 
Nectarinia, vi. 412. 418; vii. 353. 389 

aurifrons, vii. 365 

Cafer, vii. 365 

coccinogaster, vii. 363 

eximia, vii. 363 

Hasselti, vii. 363 

Kuhlii, vii. 365 

lepida, vii. 363 

metallica, vii. 364 

melanopogon, vii. 365 

melanorhyncus, vii. 365 

mysticalis, vii. 364 

pectoralis, vii. 363 

rubricosa, vii. 357 

Solaris, vii. 363. 365 
Nectris fuliginosa, viii. 570 

munda, viii. 570 
Nelicourvi, vii. 132. 231 
Nemosia, vi. 310 

flavicollis, vi. 310 

ruficapilla, vi. 310 
Neophron, vi. 19 
Neops, ruficauda, vii. 346 
Nightingale, vi. 441 ; vii. 12 

river, vi. 441 ; vii. 29 
Nisser, vi. 22 
Nisus, vi. 53 
Noctua, vi. 77 
Noddies, viii. 585 
Notherodius Guarauna, viii. 333 
Nothura, viii. 70 
Noumenois, viii. 519 
Numenius, viii. 364 

Africanus, viii. 380. 531 

arcuata, viii. 365 

arquatus, viii. 519 

atricapillus, viii. 366 

brevirostris, viii. 366 

cyanopus, viii. 365 

Hudsonicus, viii. 365 

leucocephalus, viii. 366 



94 



INDEX. 



Numenius longirostris, viii. 305 
Luzoniensis, viii. 366 
Madagascaiiensis, viii. 364 
pusillus, viii. 380 
pygmaeus, viii. 366. 380 
rufus, viii. 364. 366 
Tahitiensis, viii. 366 
tenuirostris, viii. 3G5 
variabilis, viii. 379 
virgatus, viii. 364 

Numida, viii. 16 

jEgyptica, viii. 18 
cristata, viii. 17- 168 
Meleagris, viii. 17. 163 
mitrata, viii. 18 
ptylorhyncha, viii. 18 

Nutcracker, vii. 183. 336. 387 

Nutjobber, vii. 387 

Nuthatch, vii. 344. 385 
common, vii. 385 
spotted, vi. 408 

Nyroca, viii. 612 



Ocypterus, vi. 286. 487 

albovittatus, vi. 287 
fuscatus, vl. 287 
rufi venter, vi. 288 

Odontophorus, viii. 268 
rufus, viii. 59 

CEdicnemus, viii. 306. 322. 455 
crepitans, viii. 306 
Europaeus, viii. 456 
grallarius, viii. 307 
longlpes, viii. 307 
maculosus, viii. 306 
magnirostris, viii. 307 
recurvirostris, viii. 307 

ffinanthe, vi. 440 ; vii. 3 

CEnas cata, viii. 42 

bicinctus, viii. 44 

Oldemia, viii. 607 

leucoptera, viii. 608 

Oiseau de Paradis nolr, vii. 191 
de Saint Martin, vi. 65 

Onocratalus, viii. 587 

Phoenix, viii. 589 

Onores, viii. 337 

Onychorliynchus, vl. 332 

Opaethus, vii. 507 

BufFonia, vii. 507 
erythrolophus, vii. 507 

Opetlorhynchus, vii. 354 

Ophie, vii. 354 

Ophiotheres, vl. 68 

Ophistolophus, viii. 399 
fidelis, viii. 399 

Opisthocomus, viii. 11. 133 

Oranibleu, 1', vl. 394 



Oranga, vii. 474 
Oranor, vii. 122 
Oricou, r, vl. 163 
Oriole, black, vii. 318 

black and yellow, vii. 166 

Bonana, vii. I70 

chestnut, vii. 167 

Coudougan, vl. 397 

crested, vii. 166. 317 

golden, vi. 540 

of Europe, vl. 397 

olive, vii. 167 

Paradise, vi. 398 

red, vii. 173 

red-breasted, vii. 169 

red-rumped, vii. 166 

rice, vii. 133 

St. Domingo, vii. 167 

weaver, vii. 131 

white-winged, vl. 311 ; vii. I70 

yellow, vii. 318 

yellow-winged, vii. 167 
Orioles, vi. 540 

true, vl. 396 
Oriolus, vi. 396 

Americanus, vii. 169 

annulatus, vi. 397 

arundinarius, vi. 398 

auratus, vl. 397 

aureus, vii, 191. 398 

Baltimore, vii. I7O 

bicolor, vl. 397 ; vii. 403 

Bonana, vii. I7O 

Capensis, vi. 398 ; vii. 167 

castaneus, vii. 167 

caudacutus, vii. 149 

Cayanus, vii. 167 

chrysocephalus, vii. 167 

citrlnus, vii. 169 

Cochlnchlnensls, vi. 397 

cristatus, vii. I7I. 166 

Dominlcensls, vii. 167 

furcatus, vi. 398 

galbula, vl. 397- 540 

galbula j3, vl. 397 

galbula y, vi. 398 

Guyanensis, vii. I7I 

hippocrepis, vi, 398 

icterocephalus, vii. I70 

icterus, vii. 169 

Jamaicail, vii. I7I 

larvatus, vi. 397 

leucogaster, vi. 398 

leucopterus, vi. 311. 398; vii. 
170 

Ludovicianus, vii. 133 

maculatus, vi. 398 

nielaleucos, vi. 31 1 

melancholicus, vii. I7I 



AVES. 



95 



Oriolus melanocephalus, vi. 397 

Mexicanus, vii. 168. 170 

minor, vi. 134. 169 

monachus, vi. 397 

mutatus, vii. 167 

niger, vii. 133 

Novae Hispaniae, vi. 397 

olivaceus, vii. 168 

oryzivorus, vii. 133. 134 

Persicus, vii. 166 

Phoenicus, vii. 169 

picus, vii. 351. 398 

radiatus, vi. 397 

regens, vi. 398 

ruber, vii. 173 

Sinensis, vi. 397. 424 

spurius, vii. 170 

textor, vi. 398; vii. 131. 134 

variegatus, vi. 399 

varius, vii. 1 67 

viridis, vi. 399 

xanthocephalus, vii. 170 

xanthonotus, vi. 398 

xanthornus, vii. 170 
Orphsea, vii. 34 
Orpheus cserulescens, vi. 387 

curvirostris, vi. 387 
Ortalida, viii. 10 
Orthonyx, vii. 347 

spinicaudatus, vii. 347 
Ortliorhyncus, vii. 372 

ainazilia, vii. 379 

Cora, vii, 376 

frontalis, vii. 345 

stephanoides, vii. 373 
Ortolan, vii. 126 
Ortygis, viii. 62 
Ortygonometra, viii. 406 

crex, viii. 407 

marmorata, viii. 407 
Ortyx Douglasii, viii. 61 

picta, viii. 61 
Osprey, vi. 36. 39. 230 

Carolina, vi. 39 

Cayenne, vi. 39 
Ossifrage, vi. 230 
Ostralega Europsea, viii. 323 

leucopus, viii. 324 
Ostrich, viii. 422 

black, viii. 295 

of Magellan, viii. 438 
Ostriches, viii. 295 
Otis, viii. 300 

Abyssinica, viii. 304 

Afra, viii. 302 

Arabs, viii. 303 

atriceps, viii. 304 

aurita, viii. 304 

Aiistralis, viii. 305 



Otis Barrowii, viii. 304 

Bengalensis, viii. 30.3 

Caffra, viii. 305 

Denhami, viii. 303. 455 

Houbara, viii. 302. 454 

Indica, viii. 305 

Nubia, viii. 303 

Rhoda, viii. 302 

tarda, viii. 301 

tetrax, viii. 301. 453 

torquata, viii. 303 
Otus, vi. 71 
Ouira-ouassa, vi. 181 
Ourax, viii. 5 

mitu, viii. 6. 119 
Ourigourap, vi. 20. 189 
Owzel, brook, viii. 402 

ring, vi. 375. 534 

white-tailed, vi. 375 
Owl, Arcadian, vi. 81 

bare-legged, vi. 83 

barn, vi. 75 

bay, vi. 75 

black-headed, vi. 84 

Brasilian, vi. 76 

brown, vi. 71 

Cayenne, vi, 82 

chestnut-winged, vi. 81 

common long-eared, vi. 71 

common passerine, vi. 79 

common white, vi. 75. 257 

Coquimbo, vi. 79. 258 

cross-bearing, vi. 86 

crossed, vi. 85 

downy, vi. 82 

falconine, vi. 78 

fasciated, vi. 82 

ferruginous, vi. 81 

great American horned, vi. 72 

great-horned, vi. 76 

hairy, vi. 85 

Hardwicke's naked-legged, vi. 77 

hawk, vi. 78 

howling, of Canada, vi. 74 

hutum, vi. 77 

Indian, vi. 84. 85 

Lempyi, vi. 84 

large-billed, vi. 73 

little, vi. 80. 259 

little-eared, vi. 255 

long-billed, vi. 73 

masked, vi. 83 

Mauge's, vi. 85 

mouse, vi. 75 

noisy, vi. 73 

occipital, vi. 82 

Oriental eared, vi. 73 

pagoda, vi. 85 

pearl, vi. 81 



96 



INDEX. 



Owl, red and mottled, vi. 83 

red-eared, vi. 25(J 

red-passerine, vi. 80 

short-crested, vi. 71 

short-eared, vi. 71 

snowy, vi. 79- 256 

Sonnerat's, vi. 85 

sparrow-like, vi. 82 

spectacle, vi. 83 

spotted-eared, vi. 72 

supercilious, vi. 77 

Tenglmalm's, vi. 80 

tuidara, vi. 75 

Ural, vi. 78 

variegated, vi. 78 

white, vi. 79 

white-eared, vi. 84 

white-edged, vi. 8fi 

white-horned, vi. 73 

wood of England, vi. ^G 
Owls, vi. 251 

falconine, vi. 77 

horned, vi. 71 
Oxtyxelus, viii. 63 
Oxyglossus, viii. 686 
Oxyrhinci, vii. 321. I7I 
Oxyrhincus, vii. I7I 

cristatus, vii. 347 

flammiceps, vii. I7I. 347 
Oxyura, viii. 615 
Oyster-catcher, brov.n-backed, viii. 323 

New Holland, viii. 323 

pied, viii. 323. 466 
Oyster-catchers, viii. 322. 466 



Pachycephala, vi. 369; viii. 685 
fuliginosa, vi. 370 
fusca, vi. 369 
olivacea, vi. 370 
striata, vi. 434 

Pachyptila, viii. 570. 642 

Pachyrhynchus, viii. 679. 680 
Cayanus, vi. 290 
cinerascens, vi. 291 
Cuvierii, vi. 291 
niger, vi. 291 
rufescens, vi. 291 
semifasciatus, vi. 290 
variegatus, vi. 292 

Palseornis, vii. 484. 558 

Palamedea, viii. 397. 538 
cornuta, viii. 398 
cristata, viii. 326 

Palikours, vi. 544 

Palmipedes, viii. 545. 628 

Pandion, vi. 39 

caracara, vi. 235 



Paons, viii. 12 

Paonzello, viii. 462 

Paradisea, vii. 188 

alba, vii. 191. 383 
apoda, vii. 189. 341 
aurea, vii. 191 ; viii. 684 
chalybea, vi. 289; vii. 191 
cirrhatus, vii. 191 
furcata, vii. 191 
gularis, vi. 395 ; vii. 191 
leucoptera, vii. 191 
magnifica, vii. 190 
minor Papuana, vii. 191 
nigra, vi. 395 ; vii. 191 
regia, vii. 190. 342 
rubra, vii. 189 
sexsetacea, vii. 190 
superba, vii. 191 
tristis, vi. 422. 547 
viridis, vi. 289 

Pardalotus, vi. 431 

cristatus, vi. 430 

Parkinsonius mirabiiis, vi. 426 

Parotia, vii. 190 

Parra, viii. 395 

jEnea, viii. 396 
Africana, viii. 396. 397 
Brasiliensis, viii. 396 
Cayennensis, viii. 321 
chavaria, viii. 396. 398 
Chinensis, viii. 397 
Dominica, viii. 322 
gallinacea, viii. 397 
Goensis, viii. 321 
Indica, viii. 396 
Jacana, viii. 396. 537 
Ludoviciana, viii. 321 
Luzoniensis, viii. 397 
melanchloris, viii. 396 
mutica, viii. 397 
nigra, viii. 396 
Senegalla, viii. 321 
superciliosa, viii. 396 
variabilis, viii 396 
viridis, viii. 396 

Parrakeet, vii. 483 

Alexandrine, vii. 485 
Amboina red, vii. 488 
Angola yellow, vii. 484 
banded, vii. 484 
Bengal, vii. 485 
black, vii. 486. 492 
blossom-headed, vii. 485 
blue-banded, vii. 578 
Brazil yellow, vii. 488 
bridled, vii. 491 
brown-throated, vii. 489 
Carolina, vii. 489 
Cayenne, vii. 490 



AVES. 



97 



Parrakeet, collared, vii. 484 

crimson-fronted, vii. 492 

crimson-winged, vii. 487 

golden, vii. 492 

golden-crowned, vii. 48!) 

grey-breasted, vii. 490 

grey-cheeked, vii. 490 

Illinois, vii. 489 

lace- winged, vii. 491 

lory, vii. 491 

Malacca, vii. 485 

mustache, vii. 490 

nonpareil, vii. 487 

Papuan, vii. 486 

Pavouane, vii. 483 

Pennant's, vii. 487 

racket-tailed, vii. 493 

red and blue-headed, vii. 489 

red-breasted, vii. 480" 

red-shouldered, vii. 492 

red-winged, vii. 491 

scaly-breasted, vii. 484 

Sincialo, vii. 486 

Tabuan, vii. 488 

Turcosine, vii. 493 

undulated, vii. 492 

wave-breasted, vii. 484 

yellow-collared, vii. 485 

yellow-winged, vii. 490 

zoned, vii. 493 
Parraqua, viii. 128 
Parraquas, viii. 10 
Parrot, Amazon, vii. 497- 584 

Amboina, vii. 499 

autumnal, vii. 498 

Barnard's, vii. 581 

Bauer's, vii. 580 

black- headed, vii 502 

black-winged, vii. 501 

blue-crested, vii. 503 

blue-faced, vii. 497- 579 

blue-fi-onted, vii. 498 

blue-headed, vii. 496. 503 

bonneted, vii. 500 

Brazil, vii. 497 

Brown's, vii. 487. 580 

collared, vii. 502 

common green, vii. 497 

diadema, vii. 500 

Dufresne's, vii. 497 

dusky, vii. 497 

dusty green, vii. 498 

festive, vii. 498 

Geoffroy's, vii. 499 

gold-headed, vii. 501 

great-bellied, vii. 491 

green, vii. 584 

green and veu fhiiii-se, \ii. 499 

gregarious, vii. 504 
Ciiv. J)iilex. 



Parrot, grey, vii. 496 

grey-headed, vii. 502 
ground, vii. 505 
Guinea, vii. 503 
Havanna, vii. 498 
hawk-headed, vii. 499 
Indian green, vii. 502 
King's, vii. 580 
large black, vii. 487 
Le Vaillant's, vii. 499 
marked, vii. 496 
masked, vii. 487- 579 
New Zealand, vii. 506 
nonpareil, vii. 579 
Otaheite, vii. 503 
passerine, vii. 501 
Pavouane, vii. 489. 578 
Pennant's, vii. 579 
Philippine, vii. 502 
pileated, vii. 501 
plain, vii. 503 
purple, vii. 496 
racket-tailed, vii. 582 
red-banded, vii. 492. 497 
red-crowned, vii. 495 
red-masked, viii. 499 
red-sided, vii. 499 
Rosehill, vii. 579 
sapphire-crowned, vii. 502 
Senegal, vii. 499 
short-winged, vii. 503 
small, vii. 492 
Sparman's, vii 503 
spotted, vii. 579 
Swindernian, vii. 502 
Tabuan, vii. 488. 581 
Ternate blue-headed, vii. 490 
Tui, vii. 501 
varied, vii. 581 
vernal, vii. 502 
violet, vii. 503 
white-breasted, vii. 496 
white-fronted, vii. 498 
white-headed, vii. 498 
yellow-faced, vii. 499 
yellow-green, vii. 504 

Parrots, vii. 481. 547 

filamentous toiigucd, vii. 579 
nimble, vii. 505 
with a trunk, vii. 504 

Partridge, viii. 37. 45 
African, viii. 50 
Asiatic, viii. 55 
AusUal, viii. 55 
beautiful, viii. 55 
brown, viii. 54 
brown African, viii. 47 
buff-breasted, viii. 55 
Cape, viii. 48 
O 



98 



INDEX. 



Partridge, Caspian, viii. 52 

Ceylon, viii. 46. 47 

cliestnut-bellied, viii. 55 

Cliukar, viii. 54 

Glapperton's, viii. 46 

common, viii. 51. 264 

Cranch's, viii. 49 

Cinria, viii. 48 

Damascus, viii. 51 

dusky- breasted, viii. 55 

dwarf, viii. 55 

eye-brown, viii. 55 

eyed, viii. 53 

francolin, viii. 45 

Gingi, viii. 57 

gorget, viii. 54, 55 

Greek, viii. 52. 266 

grey, viii. 264 

Guernsey, viii. 51. 265 

Guiana, viii. 59. 268 

Hayes, viii. 53 

Javan, viii. 50 

Lawrence, viii. 55 

Leona, viii. 55 

little, vi. 544 

Malacca, viii. 33 

Mexican, viii. 61 

Mosambique, viii. 55 

mountain, viii. 52 

naked-necked, viii. 49 

New Holland, viii. 65 

olive, viii. 54, 55 

Oriental, viii. 55 

pearled, viii. 46 

perching, viii. 65 

Pondiclierry, viii. 45 

red, viii. 52. 265 

red-billed, viii. 55 

red-necked, viii. 49 

rock, viii. 65 

rufous-breasted, viii. 52 

rust-bellied, viii. 55 

true, viii. 51 

undulated, viii. 55 

wliite-clieeked, viii. 55 

wood, viii. 53 
Partridges, viii. 260 

American, viii. 267 
Parulus ruficeps, vii. 347 
Parus, vii. 120 

Alpinus, vii. 123 

amatorius, vii. 123 

Americanus, vi. 459 ; vii. 123 

ater, vii. 120. 218 

atricapillus, vii. 122 

atriceps, vii. 122 

biarmicus, vii. 123. 222 

bicolor, vii. 121 

caeruleus, vii. 121 



Parus Capensis, vii. 124 

caudatus, vii. 121, 220 

celer, vii. 123 

Chinensis, vii. 123 

cinerascens, vii. 123 

cinereus, vii. 123 

coccineus, vii. 122 

cristatus, vii. 121 

cyaneus, vii. 122 

furcatus, vii. 122. 123 

griseus, vii. 123 

ignotus, vii. 123 

Indicus, vii. 123 

Kujcesuk, vii. 122 

lugubris, vii. 122 

macrocephalus, vii. 123 

major, vii. 120 

Malabaricus, vi. 346 ; vii. 122 

Narbonensis, vii. 124 

niger, vii. 123 

Novas Zelandise, vii. 123 

palustris, vii, 121. 122. 218 

pendulinus, vii. 124 

peregrinus, vi. 346 

Selbyensis, vii. 122 

Sibiricus, vii. 122 

Stomei, vii. 123 

Virginianus, vii. 123 
Passeres, vi. 261 

tliird family of the, vii. 110 

fourth family of the, vii. 344 
Passerina, vii. 136 

fusca, vii. 138 

macronyx, vii. 138 

maculata, vii. 138 

ruficapilla, vii. 129 
Pastor, vi 392. 413. 422 ; viii. 684 

Candidas, vi. 423 

corythaix, vi. 422 

fuscus, vi. 422 

griseus, vi. 424 

Galla, vi. 424 

ruficollis, vi. 425 

setiger, vi. 396 

temporalis, vi. 422 

tricolor, vi. 423 
Patre, le, vi. 436 
Pauxi, viii. 5 

mitu, viii. 119 
Pavo, viii. 12 

bicalcaratus, viii. 13. 150 

cristatus, viii. 12 

Javanicus, viii. 13 

muticus, viii. 12. 150 

spiciferus, viii. 13 

Thibetanus, viii. 13 
Pavonzino, viii. 462 
Peacock, viii. 135 

crested, viii. 12 



AVES. 



99 



Peacock, iris, viii. 13 

Japan, viii. 12 

little, viii. 480 

Luzonian, viii. 304 

Malay, viii. 24 

wild, viii. 305. 462 
Peacocks, viii. 12 
Pelecanoides, viii. 570 
Pelican, viii. 587. 648 

greater frigate, viii. 693 
Pelicans, viii. 587 
Pelicanus, viii. 587 

Africanus, viii. 591 

aquilus, viii. 593 

bassanus, viii. 594 

carbo, viii. 590 

cristatus, viii. 591 

fuscus, viii. 588 

Goemardi, viii. 592 

graculns, viii. 590 

Manillensis, viii. 588 

minor, viii. 593 

naavius, viii. 591 

onocrotalus, viii, 588 

Palmerstonii, viii. 593 

parvus, viii. 595 

perspicillatus, viii. 589 

Philippensis, viii. 588 

piscator, viii. 594 

punctatus, viii. 591 

pygmaeus, viii. 591 

roseus, viii. 588 

rufescens, viii. 589 

sula, viii. 594 

trachyrhynchos, viii. 589 

Vieillotii, viii. 589 
Pelidna, viii. 378 

cinclus, viii. 379 

pectoralis, viii. 379 
Pendulinus clirysocephaliis, vii. 167 

flavigaster, vii. 167 

longirostris, vii. 169 

rufigaster, vii. 168 
Penelope, viii. 7. 104. 120 

Aburvi, viii. 10 

Arraciian, viii. 8 

cristata, viii, 8. 120 

Cumanensis, viii. 8. 123 

guttata, viii. 8. 

Jacquacu, viii. 8 

Jacucacu, viii. 8 

Jacupeba, viii. 8 

Jacupeniba, viii. 8 

jacutinga, viii. 8 

leucolophus, viii. 8 

marail, viii. 8. 9. 125 

obscura, viii. 9 

pipile, viii. 9. 123 



Penelope satyra, viii. 31 
siffleur, viii. 123 
superciliaris, viii. 10 

Penguin, Antarctic, viii. 562 
apterous, viii. 563 
Cape, viii. 563 
Chiloe, viii. 562 
common, viii. 559 
crested, viii. 561 
great, viii. 559 
hairy, viii. 562 
little, viii. 562 
Magellanic, viii. 562 
Nev? Holland, viii. 563 
Papuan, viii. 561 
Patagonian, viii. 560 
red-footed, viii. 561 
three-toed, viii. 562 
woolly, viii. 562 

Penguinaria cristata, viii. 561 
Patachonica, viii. 560 

Penguins, viii. 556. 558 

Pepoaza, vi. 322 

couronne, vi. 325 
Dominicain, vi. 327 

Percnoptera, vi. 19 

Percnoptere, le, vi. 15 

Percnopteri, vi. 186 

Percnopterus, monk, vi. 20 
of Egypt, vi. 20. 186 

Perdix, viii. 45. 261 

Adamsonii, viii. 46 
Afra, viii. 46. 50 
Arragonica, viii. 43 
Asiatica, viii. 55 
Australis, viii. 56 
Ayamham, viii. 50 
Borealis, viii. 59 
Cambayensis, viii. 55 
Cambienensis, viii. 33 
Capensis, viii. 49 
Capueira, viii. 59 
Caspia, viii. 52 
Chukar, viii. 54 
cinereo-alba, viii. 51 
clamator, viii. 48 
Clappertonii, viii. 46 
Cranchii, viii. 49 
Damascena, viii. 51 
dentata, viii. 59 
ferruginea, viii. 55 
,fusca, viii. 54 
Gardnerii, viii. 47 
Gibraltarica, viii. 64 
Gingica, viii. 57 
Graeca, viii. 52 
grisea, viii. 58 
gularis, viii. 50. 53 

o 2 



100 



INDEX. 



Perdix Hardwickii, viii. 48 

Hayii, viii. 53 

Hudsonicus, viii. CO 408 

Le Vaillantii, viii. 49 

longirostiis, viii. 50 

lunulata, viii. 48 

Madagascariensis, viii. 4G 

Nsecra, viii. 61 

Nov« Guinea;, viii. 58 

oculea, viii. 53 

oiivacea, viii. 54 

perlatus, viii. 46 

personata, viii. 53 

riibiginosa, viii. 58 

rubra, viii. 52 

rufina, viii. 5f) 

saxatilis, viii. 52 

scutata, viii. 54 

Sinensis, viii. 46 

Sonnini, viii. 60 

spadiceus, viii. 47 

sylvatica, viii. 53 

textilis, viii. 57 

thoracica, viii. 50 

torqueola, viii. 55 

varia, viii. 65 

ventralis, viii. 55 

Zeilonicus, viii. 47 
Peinis, vi. 59 
Petrel, American, viii. 568 

broad-billed, viii. 571 

brown-banded, viii. 566 

cinerea, viii. 565 

diving, viii. 570 

dusky, viii. 569 

echasse, viii. 567 

fulmar, viii. 565 

giant, viii. 565 

grey, viii. 566 

hartie, viii. 565 

Mank's, viii. 569 

Pacific, viii. 569 

pintado, viii. 565 

shear water, viii. 668 

stormy, viii. 566. 642 

turtle, viii. 566 
Petrels, viii. 664. 639 

giant, viii. 641 
Petrocincla, vi. 375 
Petrodroma, vi. 420 ; vii. 352 

Bailloni, vii. 353 

sanguinea, vii. 353 
Petrolca, viii. 685 
Pettichaps, vi. 446 

lesser, vi. 472 
Pezopoiis, vii. 505 
Pezoporus, vii. 559 
Pezus, viii. 67 



Pezus niamba, viii. 68 

serratus, viii. 67 

Yapura, viii. 68 

zabele, viii. 68 
PhjEue, vi. 21 

gigantea, vi. 22 
Phaenicophceus, vii. 464 

calorbenchus, vii. 465 

Javanicus, vii. 465 

superciliosus, vii. 465 

viridis, vii. 464 
Phaenicopterus, viii. 418. 543 

antiquorum, viii. 420 

leucogaster, vii. 464 

minor, viii. 420 

ruber, viii. 419 
Phseopus, viii. 365 

arcuatus, viii. 365 
Phaetons, viii. 596- 656 

Eetherius, viii. 596 

phgenicurus, viii. 597 
Phalacrocorax, viii. 689 
Phalarope, gray, viii. 392 

hyperborean, viii. 391 

plain, viii. 384 

red, viii. 391 
Phalaropus, viii. 383. 391. 532 

fimbriatus, viii. 392 

frenatus, viii. 392 

fulicarius, viii. 384 

rufus, viii. 384 

Welleamsii, viii. 391 

Wilsonii, viii. 392 
Phaleris, viii. 557. G35 

cerorhynca, viii. 558 
Phasianus, viii. 18 

Africanus, vii. 607 ; viii. 33 

Amherstii, viii. 25 

Argus, viii. 24 

castaneus, viii. 28 

Colchicus, viii. 22. 225 

Crawfurdii, viii. 27 

cristatus, viii. 11. 32. 33 

cruentatus, viii. 47- 264 

Diardi, viii. 23. 235 

erythropthalmus, viii. 28 

fuscus, viii. 13 

gallopavonis, viii. 22 

gallus, viii. 19 

Gardneri, viii. 47 

garrulus, viii. 129 

Hamiltonii, viii. 27 

ignitus, viii. 30. 240 

Impeyanus, viii. 14. 33 

Lathami, viii. 26 

leucomelanos, viii. 14. 33 

melanocephalus, viii. 29 

Mexicanus, viii. 33 



AVES. 



101 



Phasianus motmot, viii. 10. 33. 129 

muthura, viii. 27 

Nepaulensis, viii. 29 

nycthemerus, viii. 233 

Parraka, viii. 10 

Parragua, viii. 33. 129 

pavoninus, viii. 13 

pictus, viii. 23 

Pucrasse, viii. 26 

Reevesii, viii. 25 

rufus, viii. 28 

satyrus, viii. 31 

superbus, viii. 25 

torquatus, viii. 22 

varius, viii. 21 

veneratus, viii. 25 

versicolor, viii. 23. 241 
Pheasant, African, vi. 38 

Argus, viii. 24. 235 

bar-tailed, viii. 26 

black-headed, viii. 29 

brown Nepaul, viii. 29 

brown Penang, viii. 28 

Butrol, viii. 21 

Chittagong, viii. 27 

coloured, viii. 14 

common, viii. 225 

Crawford's, viii. 27 

fire-backed, viii. 240 

golden, viii. 23 

horned, viii. 241 

hybridal, viii. 22. 232 

Impeyan, viii. 14 

lineated, viii. 27 

motmot, viii. 10 

Nepaul, viii, 241 

painted, viii. 232 

Parraka, viii. 10 

Pukraas, viii. 26 

Reeves', viii. 25 

ring, viii. 22. 232 

rufous-tailed, viii. 28 

sanguine, viii. 47- 264 

silver, viii. 23. 233 

Sumatra, viii. 28 
superb, viii. 21. 239 

Sylhet, viii. 26 

Turkey, viii. 22 

variegated, viii. 231 

white, viii. 232 
Pheasants, viii. 18. 21. 37- 170. 225 
Phene ossifrage, vi. 190 
Phibalura, vi. 433 

flavirostris, vi. 433 
Philedon, vi. 411. 546 

auriculatus, vi. 416 
musieus, vi. 413 
Pharoides, vi. 413 
xanthotis, vi. 416 



Philemon, vi. 414. 417- 418 

albifrons, vi. 417 

chrysopterus, vi. 414. 417 
chrysotis, vi. 416 

cinereus, vi. 414 

cucuUatus, vi. 417 

erythrotis, vi. 416 

icterops, vi. 415 

marmoreus, vi. 415 

nsevius, vi. 418 

nigricollis, vi. 419 

sagittatus, vi. 266 

viridis, vi. 415 
Philydor albogularis, vii. 347 

ruficoUis, vii. 347 
Phimus, vii. 507 
Phrenotrix, vii. 184 
Physeta, vi. 52 
Phytotoma, vii. 319 

rara, vii. 319 
Piauhaus, vi. 503 
Pibe, vii. 56 
Pica, vii. 178 

albicollis, vii. 180 

chrysops, vii. 180 

olivacea, vii. 180 

vagabunda, vii. 180 
Picchion baillon, vii. 355 
Pico de pungo cola de pala, vi. 43L 

obscura aplomado, vi. 430 
Picuculi, vii. 350. 389 
Picumnes, vii. 452 
Picumnus abnormis, vii. 453 

cirrhatus, vii. 452 

exilis, vii. 453 
Picus, vii. 438. 509 
Picus afiinis, vii. 449 

albirostris, vii. 442 

arator, vii. 451 

aurantius, vii. 443 

auratus, vii. 451 

aurulentus, vii. 444 

Bengalensis, vii. 443 

bicolor, vii. 447. 449 

Borei, vii. 449 

brachyurus, vii. 449 

Brasiliensis, vii. 449 

Cafer, vii. 451 

campestris, vii. 448, 449 

Canadensis, vii. 446 

canus, vii. 439 

cardinalis, vii. 448 

Carolinus, vii. 447 

Ceylonus, vii. 444 

Chilensis, vii. 44.3 

chlorocephalus, vii. 445 

chrysochloros, vii. 449 

coronatus, vii. 4.50 

Candidas, vii. 449 



102 



INDEX. 



Picus Cayanensis, vii. 448 

chlorolophos, vii. 449 
cinnamoneus, vii. 445 
concretus, vii. 442 
cristatus, vii. 449 
Dominicanus, vii. 4 4.*?. 449 
erythraucen, vii. 449 
erythrocephalus, vii. 442 
erythrops, vii. 449 
exalbidus, vii. 445 
fasciatus, vii. 449 
flavescens, vii. 448 
flavicans, vii. 446. 450 
flavicollis, vii. 449 
flavifrons, vii. 450 
fucescens, vii. 449 
galeatus, vii. 441 
Goensis, vii. 443 
Goertan, vii. 444 
hirsutus, vii. 450 
hirundinaceus, vii. 44G 
icteroceplialus, vii. 449, 450 
icteromelas, vii. 449 
ischnorynchos, vii. 449 
Javanensis, vii. 449 
Jumana, vii. 446 
Latbamii, vii. 450 
leucogaster, vii. 449 
leuconotus, vii. 440 
leucotis, vii. 449 
Lichtensteinii, vii. 449 
lineatus, vii. 441 
Luzonicus, vii. 445 
Macei, vii. 449 
Machloti, vii. 449 
maculatus, vii. 449 
maculifrons, vii. 450 
maculipennis, vii. 449 
Mahrattensis, vii. 449 
major, vii. 440 
Malaccensis, vii. 44? 
Malacunus, vii. 450 
Manillensis, vii. 444 
martius, vii. 439 
medius, vii. 440. 446 
melanochloris, vii. 448 
melanoleucos, vii. 441 
melanopterus, vii. 449 
nientalis, vii. 444 
Meiopirostris, vii. 449 
macrocephalus, vii. 444 
miniatus, vii. 445 
minor, vii. 449 
Moluccensis, vii. 449 
mystaceus, vii. 449 
olivaceus, vii. 449 
palalaca, vii. 445 
passerinus, vii. 445 
pcctoialis, vii. 449 



Picus peralaimus, vii. 449 
percussus, vii. 443 
philophenarum, vii. 450 
pileatus, vii. 441 
poicilophos, vii. 451 
poicirolophus, vii. 449 
principalis, vii. 441 
pubescens, vii. 447 
pulverulentus, vii. 442 
punctatus, vii. 449 
punctiligerus, vii. 449 
Punicus, vii. 444 
querulus, vii. 448, 449 
radiolatus, vii. 449 
robustus, vii. 442 
rotatus, vii. 449 
ruber, vii. 449 
rubescens, vii. 450 
rubiginosus, vii. 449 
rubricollis, vii. 442. 449 
rubriventris, vii. 446 
ruficeps, vii. 449 
rufus, vii. 447 
Ruppelii, vii. 449 
scutatus, vii. 449 
Senegalensis, vii. 444 
spilogaster, vii. 449 
squamosus, vii. 449 
striatus, vii. 448, 449 
superciliaris, vii. 448 
tiga, vii. 450 
torquatus, vii. 443 
tridactylus, vii. 450 
tristis, vii. 449 
undatus, vii. 447 
validus, vii. 442 
varius, vii. 446 
variegatus, vii. 449 
Vieillotii, vii. 449 
villosus, vii. 446 
viridis, vii. 439 
vittatus, vii. 449 
xanthotKnia, vii. 449 

Pie-grieche de la Louisiane, vi. 485 

Pie-grieches, vi. 262 

Pie houpette, vii. 180 

Piep, vii. 56 

Pies, vii. 178 

Pigeon, aromatic, viii. 94 
azure, viii. 83 
biset, viii. 76. 277 
black-banded, viii. 80 
black-capped, viii. 82 
black-winged, viii. 93 
bronze-winged, viii. 78 
brown, viii. 90 
Cape, viii. 92 
carunculated, viii. 72. 273 
chestnut-shouldered, viii. 77 



AVES. 



103 



Pigeon, domestic, viii. 277 

double-crested, viii. 86 
double-ringed, viii. 84 
Egyptian, viii. 89 
elegant, viii. 80 
ferrugineous-vented, viii. 79 
garnet-winged, viii. 82 
Geoffrey's, viii. 84 
great-crowned, viii. 72. 274 
great-tailed, viii. 83 
grey, viii. ^9 
hackled, viii. 80 
hook-billed, viii. 95 
Hottentot, viii. 75 
Hurrial, viii. 291 
jamboo, viii. 81 
Madagascar, viii. 80. 93 
magnificent, viii. 86 
Martinico, viii. 7-t 
naked-cheeked, viii. 80 
New Zealand, viii. 89 
Nicobar, viii. 73. 275 
nutmeg, viii. 78 
ordinary, viii. 76 
painted, viii. 88 
parrot, viii. 94 
partridge, viii. 73 
passenger, viii. 90 
passerine, viii. 75 
picazuro, viii. 89 
picui, viii. 75 
Pompadour, viii. 95 
porphyry, viii. 85 
purple-breasted, viii. 90 
purple-crowned, viii. 90 
purple-shouldered, viii. 95 
red-crowned, viii. 80 
ring, viii. 76. 275 
ring-tailed, viii. 79 
russet, viii. 81 
St. Domingo, viii. 92 
St. Thomas, viii. 94 
scallop-necked, viii. 79 
scarlet, viii. 89 
silky, viii. 82 
spotted green, viii. 89 
spotted-ring, viii. 78 
squameous, viii. 85 
stock, viii. 76. 276 
Talpacoti, viii. 74 
tambourin, viii. 83 
Temminck's, viii. 83 
tiger, viii. 89 

triangular-spotted, viii. 79 
turtle, viii. 289 
varied, viii. 84 
vinaceous, viii. 84 
violet-naped, viii. 81 
Waaba, viii. 93 



Pigeon, Wallia, viii, 291 

whiskered, viii. 83 

white-bellied, viii. 74 

white-crowned, viii. 79 

white-eared, viii. 87 

white-faced, viii. 78 

white-fronted, viii. 74 

white-masked, viii. 82 

white nutmeg, viii. 78 

white-winged, viii. 81 

yellow-faced, viii. 95 
Pigeons, viii. 71- 270 

gallinaceous, viii. 72. 272 

ordinary, viii. 275 
Pillurion, vi, 488 
Pinguin, Cape, viii. 639 

crested, viii. 639 

Patagonian, viii. 638 
Pinguins, viii. 633. 636 
Pinson des bois, petit, vi. 502 
Pintado, viii. 163 

crested, viii. 17. 168 

Guinea, viii. 17 

mitred, viii. 18. 169 
Pintados, viii. 16 
Pipi des buissons, vii. 56 
Pipit, bush, vii. 56 

Javan, vi. 480 
Pipits, vi. 477 ; vii. 55 
Pipra, vi. 427, 428 ; vii. 1 

albifrons, vi. 409 

aureola, vi. 428 

aurocapilla, vi. 428 

caudata, vi. 432 

chloris, vi. 429 

coronata, vi. 431 

crisopogon, vi. 433 

cristatus, vi. 433 

cyanocephala, vi. 430 

Desmaresti, vi. 432 

elata, vi. 431 

erythrocephala, vi. 428, 429 

filicauda, vi. 431 

galeata, vi. 429, 430 

gularis, vi. 432 

gutturalis, vi. 429 

gutturosa, vi. 430 

herbacea, vi. 431 

leucocapilla, vi. 429 

longicauda, vi. 432 ; viii. 685 

manacax, vi. 429 

melanocephala, vi. 433 

militaris, vi. 433 ; viii. 685 

musica, vi. 298 

naevia, vi. 338. 409 

nigra, vi. 430 

Papuensis, vi. 345 

pareola, vi. 428 

pectoralis, vi. 430 



104 



INDEX. 



Pipra Peruviana, vi. 427 

pileata, vi. 429 

plumbea, vi. 430 

polyglotta, vi. 355 ; viii. G83 

punctata, vi. 432 

rubrifrons, vi. 433 

rupicola, vi. 427 

Serena, vi. 298, 429 

striata, vi. 431 

strigilata, vi. 429 

superba, vi. 428 
Pitpits, vii. 171 
Pitta, vi. 400 

Angolensis, vi. 402 

Australis, vi. 401 

bracbyura, vi. 401 

cyanoptera, vi. 402 

erythrogastra, vi. 401 

gigas, vi. 401 

glaucina, vi. 403 

hippocrepis, vi. 400 

melanocephala, vi. 401 

pileata, vi. 402; viii. 084 

strepitans, vi. 400 

superciliaris, vi. 401 

thoracica, viii. 684 

versicolor, vi. 401 
Pitylus, vii. 157. 311 

atroclialybeus, vii. 158 
Plantain-eater, vii. 507. 508 

Pauline, vii. 507 

Touraco, vii. 507- 585 

varied, vii. 507 
Plastron noir, le, vi. 473 ; viii, G87 
Platalea, viii. 356 

aiaia, viii. 357 

leucorodia, viii. 357- 512 

pygmaea, viii. 383 

tenuirostris, viii. 357 
Platycercus, vii. 488. 579 
Playtypus, viii. 007- 611 

Borealis, viii. 612 

Leisleri, viii. 612 
Platyrhynchus, vi. 320 

albicollis, vi. 331 

aurantius, vi. 337 

barbatus, vi. 332 

Borbonicus, vi. 330 

brachyurus, vi. 338 

brevirostris, vi. 335 

cancrornus, vi. 337 

Ceylonensis, vi. 337 

cbrysoceps, vi. 335 

cinereus, vi. 335 

collared, vi. 357 

collaris, vi. 329. 357 

coronatus, vi. 338; viii. 082 

cyanoleucus, vi. 331 

Desmarestis, vii. 357 



Platyrhynchus Dupontii, vi. 339 

filicauda, vi. 336 

flavigSister, vi. 331. 335 

hirundinaceus, vi. 335 

leucocepbalus, vi. 338 

leucophaius, vi. 336 

leucotes, vi. 338 

maculatus, vi. 338 

melanoleucus, vi. 331 

melanops, vi. 337 

murinus, vi. 336 

musicus, vi. 337 

mystaceus, vi. 337 

nsevius, vi. 338 

olivaceus, vi. 337 

paganus, vi. 336 

perspicillatus, vi. 329 

platurus, vi. 336 

polychopterus, vi. 331 

pusillus, vi. 357 

regius, vi. 337 

rubecula, vi. 331 

rufescens, vi. 338 

ruficauda, vi. 335 

ruficaudatus, vi. 338 

ruficollis, vi. 332 

rufiventris, vi. 331 

sulphurescens, vi. 335 

velatus, vi. 331 

virescens, vi. 337 

xantliopygus, vi. 335 
Plectrophanes, vii. 128. 227 ; viii. 600 

melanotus, viii. 601 
Ploceus, vii. 130. 229 

alecto, vii. 133 

aurantius, vii. 131 

aurifrons, vii. 132 

Baglafecht, vii. 132 

bicolor, vii. 135 

collaris, vii. 135 

cristatus, vii. 131. 231 

flavocapillus, vii. 135 

jonquillaceus, vii. 135 

malimbic, vii. 131 

nigerrimus, vii. 134 

nigricollis, vii. 132 

pensilis, vii. 231 

textor, vii. 320 

velatus, vii. 135 
Plotus, viii. 595. 655 

anhinga, viii. 656 

Levaillantii, viii. 596 

melanogaster, viii. 595 

Surinamensis, viii. 551 
Plover, viii. 455 

alwargrim, viii. 30S 

Asiatic, viii. 31 1 

black-headed, viii. 316 

black-throated, viii. 318 



AVES. 



105 



Plover, chestnut-billed, viii. 318 

collared, viii. 460 

crested spur-winged, viii. 316 

curonian, viii. 309 

dotterel, viii. 459 

dusky, viii. 314 

dwarf, viii. 312 

fulvous, viii. 314 

golden, viii. 308. 458 

gregarious, viii. 311 

grisled, viii. 314 

half- webbed, viii. 312 

hooded, viii. 317 

Indian, viii. 310 

Kentish, viii. 309 

long-legged, viii. 307- 302. 533 

Mongolian, viii. 311 

New Holland ringed, viii. 318 

New Zealand, viii. 317 

noisy, viii. 309. 460 

piping, viii. 312 

red-chested, viii. 314 

red-headed, viii. 317 

red-necked, viii. 312 

ringed, viii. 309. 460 

rusty-crowned, viii, 317 

sombre, viii. 315 

spur- winged, viii. 316 

three-banded, viii. 310 

ticksee, viii. 318 

white-bellied, viii. 315 

Wilson's, viii. 310 

wreathed, viii. 316 
Plovers, viii. 305. 307. 455 
Plumipeda, vi. 44 
Pluvianus, viii. 316 

chlorocephalus, viii, 316 

melanocephalus, viii. 316 
Plyctolophus, vii. 493 
Pochard, black and white, viii. 616 

duck, viii. 668 

Mexican, viii. 615 
Podarges, vii. 80. 113 
Podargus auritus, vii. 114 

Australis, vii. 81 

cornutus, vii. 81 

Cuvierii, vii. 80 

great-headed, vii. 81 

horned, vii. 81 

humeralis, vii. 81 

Javanensis, vii. 80 

red, vii. 80 
Podiceps, viii. 547- 628 

Americanus, viii. 550 

Arcticus, viii. 548 

Carolinensis, viii. 549 

Chilensis, viii. 550 

kalipareus, viii. 550 

Ludovicianus, viii. 549 
Cuv. Index. 



Podiceps minor, viii. 549 

occipitalis, viii. 550 

Philippensis, viii. 549 

poliocephalus, viii. 549 

RoUandi, viii. 550 
Podoa, viii. 550 
Podophilus, vii. 460 
Pogonias, vii. 466 

erythromelas, vii. 466 

haematops, vii. 467 

laevirostris, vii. 467 

leuconotus, vii. 467 

niger, vii. 467 

personatus, vii. 467 

rubicon, vii. 467 

rubrifrons, vii. 467 

Stephensii, vii. 467 

sulcirostris, vii. 466 

Vieillottii, vii. 467 
Polochion, vi. 414 
Polyborus, vi. 40 

vulgaris, vi. 40 
Polyplectron, viii. 150 
Polyplectrum, viii. 13 

albocellatum, viii. 13 

chalcurum, viii. 13 

chenquis, viii. 13 
Pomatorhinus, vii. 355 

montanus, vii. ,355 

trivirgatus, vii. 355 

turdinus, vii. 355 
Pompadour, le, vi. 360 
Porphyrio, viii. 412 

albus, viii. 414 

green-mantled, viii. 413 

Indicus, viii. 41 4 

irete, viii. 409 

mealy, viii. 414 

melanotus, viii. 413 

pulverulentus, viii. 414 

smaragdinus, viii. 414 

smaragnotus, viii. 413 

tavoua, viii. 41.3 
Porte lambeaux, le, vi- 425 
Porzana, viii. 406 
Pouillo, vii. 41 
Poulette d'eau, viii. 411 
Poultry, common, viii. 19 
Pratincole, Australasian, viii. 417 

Austrian, viii. 417 

cream-coloured, viii. 418. 543 

Oriental, viii. 418 
Pratincoles, viii. 416. 543 
Pressirostres, viii. 449 
Prinia familiaris, vii. 348 
Prinops, vi. 286 

Geoffroyii, vi. 286 
Prionites, vii. 406. 423 

Brasiliensis, vii. 406 



106 



INDEX. 



Prionites marcii, vii. 40/ 
Pririt.le, vi. 331. 340 
Pritandun, vii. 393 
Procellaria, viii. 564 

gequinoctialis, viii. 569 

Anglorum, viii. 569 

Berard, viii. 565 

Brasiliana, viii. 591 

caerulea, viii. 571 

Capensis, viii. 640. 565 

cinerea, viii. 565 

desolata, viii. 566 

fregatta, viii. 568 

fuliginosa, viii. 569 

furcata, viii. 568 

gigantea, viii. 565 

glaeialis, viii. 565 

grallaria, viii. 567 

grisea, viii. 566 

hastata, viii. 570 

hiemalis, viii. 570 

Leachii, viii. 567 

leucocephala, viii. 570 

lugens, viii. 566 

marina, viii. 568 

obscura, viii. 569 

Oceania, viii. 567 

Pacifica, viii. 569 

pelagica, viii. 566 

pufRnus, viii. 568 

turtur, viii. 566 

urrinatrix, viii. 570 

velox, viii. 566 

vittata, viii. 571 

Wilsonii, viii. 567 
Procnias, vi. 365. 503 

cucullata, vi. 366 ; viii. 683 

cyanotropeus, vi. 365 

hirundinacea, vi. 365 

melanocephalus, vi. 507 

ventialis, vi. 365 
Promerar, vii. 383 
Promepie, vii. 451 
Promerops, vii. 381. 399 

bleu, vii. 382 

cseruleus, vii. 382 

Cape, vii. 381 

crested, vi. 330 

moqueur, vii. 405 

Namaquois, vii. 405 

olivatre, vii. 356 

red-billed, vii. 405 

siffleur, vii. 383 
Promerupe, vii. 383 
Psaris, vi. 290 ; viii. 679. 680 

cayanus, viii. 680 

cristatus, vi. 291 

Cuvierii, vi. 291 ; viii. 679 

erythrogenys, vi, 291 



Psaris Jardinii, viii. 680 
niger, vi. 292 
spotted, vi. 488 

Psarocolinus leucopteryx, vii. 168 

Psaroides, vi. 392 

Psittacirostra icterocephala, vii. 162 

Psittacules, vii, 501 

Psittacus, vii. 481 

accipitrinus, vii. 499 
seruginosus, vii. 489 
aestivus, vii. 497 
albifrons, vii. 498 
Alexandri, vii. 485. 486 
Amazonicus, vii. 497 
ambiguus, vii. 483 
Amboinensis, vii. 488 
annulatus, vii. 485 
Aracanga, vii. 482 
Ararauna, vii. 482 
aterrimus, vii. 505 
atropurpureus, vii. 488 
aureus, vii. 489 
auricapillus, vii. 484 
Australis, vii. 493 
autumnalis, vii. 498 
Banksii, vii. 495 
barbulatus, vii. 485 
barrabandi, vii. 485. 502 
Bengalensis, vii. 485 
bitorquatus, vii. 486 
Borneus, vii. 492 
Brasiliensis, vii. 497 
Brownii, vii. 487 
buccalis, vii. 490 
cserulifrons, vii. 497 
canicularis, vii. 489 
canus, vii. 502 
capistratus, vii. 491 
Carolinensis, vii. 489 
chlorolepidotus, vii. 493 
chrysostomus, vii. 492 
coccii, vii. 495 
coccineus, vii. 493 
Columbinus, vii. 497 
concinnus, vii. 492 
cornutus, vii. 506 
cristatus, vii. 494 
cyanocephalus, vii. 486 
cyanogaster, vii. 486 
cyanomelas, vii. 488 
cyanotis, vii. 497 
cyanurus, vii. 493. 501 
diadema, vii. 500 
discolor, vii. 492 
Domicella, vii. 493. 500 
Dominicensis, vii. 497 
Dufresnianus, vii. 497 
elegans, vii. 487 
eos, vii. 495 



AVES. 



107 



Psittacus erithacus, vii. 584 
erythacus, vii. 496 
erythrocephalus, vii. 485 
erythropterus, vii. 487 
eupatria, vii. 485 
eximius, vii. 487 
festivus, vii. 498 
flavirostris, vii. 496 
formosus, vii. 505 
fringillaceus, vii. 503 
funereus, vii. 495 
galeatus, vii. 495 
galeritus, vii. 494 
galgulus, vii. 502 
garrulus, vii. 493. 501 
Geoffroyii, vii. 499 
gigas, vii. 505 
gingianus, vii. 485 
gloriosus, vii. 487 
goliath, vii. 505 
gramineus, vii. 499 
grandis, vii. 491 
gregarius, vii. 504 
guaruba, vii. 488 
guebiensis, vii. 493 
guyanensis, vii. 483. 489 
hsematopus, vii. 486 
Havanensis, vii. 498 
humeralis, vii. 492 
hyacinthinus, vii. 482 
icterotis, vii. 488 
Illigeri, vii. 483 
incarnatus, vii. 491 
Indicus, vii. 502 
infuscatus, vii. 499 
inornatus, vii. 484 
Leachii, vii. 495 
Levaillantii, vii. 499 
lori, vii. 500 
leucocephalus, vii. 498 
leucotis, vii. 484 
Lichtensteinii, vii. 493 
Ludovicianus, vii. 489 
lunatus, vii. 493 
luteus, vii. 488 
macao, vii. 482. 577 
macawuana, vii. 483 
macrognathus, vii. 489 
macrorhynchus, vii. 491 
maitaca, vii. 600 
Malaccensis, vii. 485 
marginatus, vii. 491 
melanocephaliLS, vii. 496 
melanopteius, vii. 501 
nienstruus, vii. 496 
micvopterus, vii. 503 
militaris, vii. 482 
mitratus, vii. 500 
Moluccanus, vii. 486 



Psittacus Moluccensis, vii. 494 
multicolor, vii. 488 
murinus, vii. 490 
muscarinus, vii. 487 
nasicus, vii. 494 
niger, vii. 486 
Novae Guineae, vii. 492 
Novae Zelandiae, vii. 506 
olivaceus, vii. 491 
ornatus, vii. 491 
Papuensis, vii. 486 
passerinus, vii. 501 
Patagonicus, vii. 484 
Pennanti, vii. 487 
personatus, vii. 499 
pertinax, vii. 489 
phigy, vii. 503 
Pliilippensis, vii. 502 
Philippinarum, vii. 494 
pileatus, vii. 501 
Pondicerianus, vii. 490 
porpliyrocephalus, vii. 503 
porphyrus, vii. 503 
pulchellus, vii. 493 
pallarius, vii. 503 
pulverulentus, vii. 498 
purpureus, vii. 496 
pusillus, vii. 492 
radliea, vii. 493 
riciniatus, vii. 493 
roseus, vii. 495 
ruber, vii. 493 
rufirostris, vii. 486 
scapulatus, vii. 488. 580 
Senegallus, vii. 499 
setarius, vii. 493. 582 
severus, vii. 483 
signatus, vii. 496 
simplex, vii. 503 
sinensis, vii. 499 
solstitialis, vii. 484 
sordidus, vii. 497 
sosova, vii. 490 
Sparmanni, vii. 503 
spurius, vii. 488 
squamosus, vii. 484 
stavorini, vii. 493 
sulfureus, vii. 494 
svs'indericianus, vii. 502 
Tabuensis, vii. 488 
Taitianus, vii. 503 
Temminckii, vii. 495 
tenuirostris, vii. 495 
torquatus, vii. 484. 502 
tovi, vii. 490 
tricolor, vii 482 
tui, vii. 501 
undulatus, vii. 492 
unicolor, vii. 493. 500 

p 2 



108 



INDEX. 



Psittacus vasa, vii. 487 

venustus, vii. 488. 578 
vernalis, vii. 502 
versicolor, vii. 484 
viiiaceus, vii. 497 
virescens, vii. 490 
viridissimus, vij. 493 
vittatus, vii. 484 
xanthops, vii. 499 
xanthopterigius, vii. 504 
xanthosomus, vii. 490 
zonarius, vii. 493 

Psophia, viii. 327 

crepitans, viii. 328. 470 
leucoptera, viii. 329 
undulata, viii. 302 
viridis, viii. 328 

Psopliodes, vi. 296 

Ptarmigan, viii. 253 

Ptarmigans, viii. 39 

Pterocles, viii. 41. 256 

arenarius, viii. 43. 259 
bicinctus, viii. 43 
coronatus, viii. 44 
exustus, viii. 42. 258 
guttatus, viii. 42 
Lichtenstenii, viii. 43 
quadricinctus, viii. 44 
setarius, viii. 42 
tachypetes, viii. 42. 258 

Pteroglossiis, vii. 479 
culilv, vii. 480 
Langsdovffii, vii. 480 
Humboldtii, vii. 480 
Reinwardtii, vii. 480 

Ptilinopus, viii. 90 

Ptilonorliyncluis, vi. 294. 400. 548 
holosericeus, vi. 294 
Macleayii, vi. 295; vii. 1 
Smithii, vi. 295 
viridis, vi. 295 

Ptiloris paradiseus, vii. 384 

Puffinaria, viii. 570 

Garnotii, viii. 570 

Puffin, viii. 556 

Puffins, viii. 568 

Puffinus, viii. 568.642 

sericeus, viii. 570 

Pygargus, vi. 36 

Pyranga, vi, 315 

chlorocephalus, vi. 316 
cinerea, vi. 316 
cyanictensis, vi. 316 
erjthromelas, vi. 315 
erytliropis, vi. 316 
icteromelas, vi. 316 
icteropus, vi. 316 

Pyrgita, vii. 134 



Pyrrhocorax, vi. 395 

leucopterus, vi. 396 
violaceus, vi. 294 

Pyrrhula, vii. 158. 312 

auranticollis, vii. 158 
azurea, vi. 302 
cinereola, vii. 159 
crispa, vii. 160 
falcirosti-is, vii. 159 
frontalis, vii. 160 
longicauda, vii 160 
mysia, vii. 160 
sanguinirostris, vii. 314 
social, vii. 160 
superciliosa, vii. 158 
synoica, vii. 160 



Quail, Andalusian, viii. 62 
Balen, viii. 64 
black-fronted, viii. 62 
black-necked, viii. 62 
Californian, viii. 60 
Chinese, viii. 56 
common, viii. 56 267 
Coromandel, viii. 57 
crescent, viii. 64 
crested, viii. 60 
Dubkee, viii. 65 
elegant, viii. 55 
fighting, viii. 62 
Gibraltar, viii. 64 
grey-throated, viii. 58 
Hottentot, viii. 64 
Luzonian, viii. 63 
Madagascar, viii. 57 
Malouine, viii. 60 
marbled, viii. 55 
Maryland, viii. 59 
montercy, viii. 61 
mottled, viii. 64 
New Guinea, viii. 58 
. New Holland, viii. 56 
Oriental, viii. 53. 55 
reddish, viii. 58 
Sonnini's, viii. 60 
Southern, viii. 65 
spotted-necked, viii. 65 
sultry, viii. 65 
white-necked, viii. 58 

Quails, viii. 266 

American, viii. 267 
bishop of the, viii. 267 

Quan, viii. 8 

Querula cinerea, vi. 325 
luiTiachelli, vi. 503 

Quiscalus versicolor, vii. 168 



AVES. 



109 



Rachama, vi. 187 

Rachamah, vi. 20 

Rale, viii. 540 

Rail, viii. 540 

banded, viii. 403 
blue-necked, viii. 402 
brown, viii. 404 
Cape, viii. 405 
Ceylon, viii. 406 
clapper, viii. 402 
dark, viii. 410 
dusky, viii. 406 
fasciated, viii. 410 
four streaked, viii. 405 
gular, viii. 405 
land, viii. 541 
little, viii. 408 
long-billed, viii. 403 
New Holland, viii. 410 
Otaheite, viii. 406 
Pacific, viii. 406 
Philippine, viii. 403 
red-breasted, viii. 406 
rufous, viii. 410 
rufous-headed, viii. 410 
Sandwich, viii. 406 
striated, viii. 403 
Tabuan, viii. 406 
Troglodytes, viii. 406 
Virginian, viii. 402 
water, viii. 402. 541 

Rails, viii. 401 

Rallus, viii. 401. 540 

aquaticus, viii. 402. 541 
Ardeoides, viii. 333 
Australis, viii. 406 
Baillioni, viii. 407 
Barbaricus, viii. 406 
Bengalensis, viii. 372 
cserulescens, viii. 402 
Capensis, viii. 405 
Carolinus, viii. 408 
Cayannensis, viii. 408 
Ceylonicus, viii. 406 
chericote, viii. 405 
crepitans, viii. 402 
crex, viii. 406 
dubius, viii. 406 
fasciatus, viii. 410 
ferrugineus, viii. 406 
fuscus, viii. 404 
giganteus, viii. 333. 405 
gigas, viii. 333. 404 
gularis, viii. 405 
Jamaicensis, viii. 408 
limicola, viii. 402 
longirostris, viii. 403 
maximus, viii. 404 
melanurus, viii. 405 



Rallus minutus, viii. 408 
nigra, viii. 409 
nigricans, viii. 405 
nigrolateralis, viii. 408 
Noveboracensis, viii. 408 
Pacificus, viii. 406 
parvus, viii. 408 
Pennsylvanius, viii. 402 
phaenicurus, viii. 411 
Philippensis, viii. 403 
Porzana, viii. 407 
pusillus, viii. 407 
quadristriatus, viii. 405 
ruficollis, viii. 408 
Sandwicensis, v'ii. 406 
striatus, viii. 403 
Tabuensis, viii. 406 
Taitiensis, viii. 406 
torquatus, viii. 403 
Troglodytes, viii. 406 
variegatus, viii. 403 
Virginianus, viii. 402 

Ramphastos, vii. 477 

Aldrovandi, vii. 478. 479 
ambiguus, vii. 479 
Aracari, vii. 479 
Azarse, vii. 480 
Baillioni, vii. 480 
callorhynchos, vii. 478 
carinatus, vii. 478 
chlororhynchos, vii. 479 
Cuvieri, vii. 479 
dicolorus, vii. 479 
erythrorynchos, vii. 4/8 
erythrosema, vii. 478 
inscriptus, vii. 480 
maculirostris, vii. 480 
maximus, vii. 478 
momota, vii. 406 
pectoralis, vii. 478 
piscivorus, vii. 478 
piperivorus, vii. 480 
Stors, vii. 479 
sulcatus, vii. 480 
Temminckii, vii. 479 
Toco, vii. 477 
Tucai, vii. 478 
Tucanus, vii. 478 
Vaillantii, vii. 479 
viridis, vii. 479 

Ramphocelus, vi. 316 

coccineus, vi. 317 
purpureus, vi. 317 

Ramphopis, vi. 316 

Razor-bill, viii. 559 

Raven, vii. 175 

white-necked, vii. I77. 330 

Ravens, vii. 326. 327 

Reciuvirostra, viii. 393 



110 



INDEX. 



Recurvirostra Americana, viii. 394 
avocetta, viii. 393 
Novae Hollandiae, viii. 394 
Orientalis, viii. 394 
rubricollis, viii. 394 

Redbreast, vi. 439 ; vii. 9 

Redpoll, yellow, vi. 460 

Redstart, vi. 440 

American, vi. 350 

Redwing, vi. 528 

Regina aurarum, vi. 164 

Regulus, vi. 471 ; vii. 39 

Remiz, vii. 123 

Rhaad, viii. 455 

Rhynchaspis, viii. 616 669 

Rhynchops, viii. 586. 648 
albirostris, viii. 587 
brevirostris, viii. 587 
cinerascens, viii. 587 
flavirostris, viii. 586 
nigra, viii. 586 

Rhynchotus, viii. 70 

fasciatus, viii. 71 

Riphidura, vi. 368 

motacilloi'des, vi. 369 

Robin, American, vi. 385 
yellow, vi. 370 

Rocar, vi. 376 

Roc, vi. 175 

Roitelet, vi. 473; vii. 7 

Roller, Abyssinian, vii. 186 
African, vii. 188 
Bengal, vii. 186 
blue-striped, vi. 206 
Cayenne, vi. 300 
garrulus, vii. 185. 337 
Madagascar, vii. 188 
Oriental, vii. 188 
red-breasted, vi. 359 
varied, vi. 295 

Rollers, vii. 1 85. 337, 338 

Relies, vii. 187. 338 

Rollier a masque noir, vi. 293 

Rook, vii. 176 

Rostratula Capensis, viii. 372 

Rougri, le, vi. 63 

Rouloul, viii. 241 

de Malacca, viii. 31 

Roupenne, le, vi. 393 

Rousseau, le, vi. 265 

Rousseline, vii. 101 

Rousset, le, vi. 272 

Rubiettes, vi. 439 ; vii. 7 

Runner, velvet, viii. 402 

Rupicola, vi. 427 ; vii. 2 

Rusticola, viii. 367 

Rynchaea, viii. 371. 528 
Hilarea, viii. 372 
variegata, viii. 372 



Sacra Egyptien, vi. 186 
Saf-saf, viii. 455 
Salangane, vii. 62. 96 
Saltator, vi. 299. 317 

albicoUis, vi. 301 

atricollis, vi. 303 

aurantiarostris, vi. 300 

ccerulescens, vi. 300, 301 

cyanopterus, vi. 300 

flavus, vi. 300 

maculatus, vi. 302 

melanoleucus, vi. 300 

niger, vi. 302 

olivaceus, vi. 299 

ruber, vi. 302 

rubicus, vi. 301 

ruficapillus, vi. 301 

validus, vi. 302 

virescens, vi. 300 

viridis, vi. 301 
Sanderlings, viii. 378. 529 
Sandpiper, viii. 319 

ash-coloured, viii. 376 

Bartram's, viii. 390 

booted, viii. 390 

Cayenne, viii. 321. 464 

common, viii. 389 

equestrian, viii. 382 

goa, viii. 321 

green, viii. 388 

green-legged, viii. 388 

grisled, viii. 375 

Hebridal, viii. 385 

Lapwing, viii. 462 

little, viii. 376 

long-legged, viii. 380. 388 

Louisiane, viii. 321 

northern, viii. 377 

pectoral, viii. 379 

purple, viii. 376 

purre, viii. 379. 530 

red, viii. 380 

ruff, viii. 381. 531 

Schenz's, viii. 379 

Selninger, viii. 376 

semipalmated, viii. 383 

Senegal, viii. 321 

southern, viii. 376 

Temminck's, viii. 375 

white-winged, viii. 377 

wood, viii. 388 
Sandpipers, viii. 375 
Sarcelles, viii. 673 
Sarcoramphus, vi. 18. 169 
Saria, viii. 326. 468 
Sassegniat, viii. 401 
Saurothera, vii. 459 
Savacou de Cayenne, viii. 481 

huppe de Cayenne, viii. 481 



AVES. 



Ill 



Savacous, viii. 480 
Saxicola, vi. 434 ; vii. 3 

aurita, vi. 436 

fruticola, vi. 436 

Jardinii, vi. 439 ; viii. 685 

lugens, vi. 438 

mcesta, vi. 438 

obscura, vi. 439 

superciliaris, vi. 438 ; viii. 685 

thoracina, vi. 438 
Saxicolinee, viii. 689 
Scaler browm, vii. 352 
Scalers, vii. 352 
Scansores, vii. 435 
Scolopax, viii. 358. 366. 512 

segocephala, viii. 373 

alba, viii. 375 

arcuata, viii. 364. 381. 520 

Australia, viii. 390 

Australis, viii. 370 

Belgica, viii. 373 

Borealis, viii. 365 

Brehmii, viii. 369 

calidris, viii. 382 

candidus, viii. 390 

Candida, viii. 525 

Cantabrigiensis, viii. 387 

Capensis, viii. 371 

Cayanensis, viii. 369 

cinerea, viii. 374 

curonica, viii. 387 

falcinellus, viii. 363. 518 

fedoa, viii. 374 

fusca, viii. 386 

gallanaria, viii. 368 

gallinago, viii. 368, 369 

gallinula, viii. 369 

gigantea, viii. 370 

glottis, viii. 373. 386 

grisea, viii. 370 

helias, viii. 480 

incana, viii. 390 

Laponica, viii. 372 

leucophea, viii. 371 

major, viii. 368. 527 

media, viii. 369 

minor, viii. 367 

nigra, viii, 390 

Noveboracensis, viii. 370 

nutans, viii. 390 

obscura, viii. 402 

Paikulli, viii. 370 

paludosa, viii. 369 

phceopus, viii. 365. 521 

pusilla, viii. 370. 379 

pygmseus, viii. 380 

rubra, viii. 362 

rusticola, viii. 367. 521 

Sabini, viii. 368 



Scolopax saturata, viii. 370 

semipalmata, viii. 389 

subarcuata, viii. 380 

Terek, viii. 374 

Totanus, viii. 387 

vociferus, viii. 390 
Scops, vi. 83. 255 

of Carolina, vi. 256 
Scopus, viii. 352 

umbretta, viii. 353. 509 
Scoter, black, viii. 665 
Scoters, viii. 665 
Screamer, chaja, viii. 399 

horned, viii. 398. 538 
Screamers, viii. 397 
Scythrops, vii. 465. 538 

Novse HoUandiae, vii. 465 
Secretarius reptilivorus, vi. 69 
Secretary, vi. 68. 247 
Seisura, vi. 369 
Seiiirus tenuirostris, vi. 454 
Sericulus, vi. 398 

chrysocephalus, viii. 684 
Serin Mozambique, vii. 143 
Serins, vii. 142 
Serpentarius, vi. 68 
Setophaga, vi. 350 

miniata, viii. 682 

rubra, vi. 351 

ruticilla, vi. 351 ; viii. 682 
Shag crested, viii. 591 

dwarf, viii. 591 

spotted, viii. 591 — 

Sheath-bill white, viii. 416 
Sheath-bills, viii. 416 
Shieldrake, viii 617 
Shieldrakes, viii. 669 
Shoveler, viii. 616 

New Holland, viii. 617 
Shrike African, vi. 267 

American, vi. 266 

Antiguan, vi. 271 

Barbary, vi. 270; viii. 678 

barred, vi. 275 

bay-backed, vi. 268 

black and white, vi. 275 

black-bush, vi. 275 

black-headed, vi. 269 ; viii. 677 

black-topped, vi. 272 

blanchot, vi. 266 ; viii. 678 

blue, vi. 266 

Cape, vi. 265 ; viii. 677 

Chinese, vi. 268 

cinereous, vi. 371. 483 

collared, vi. 265 

corvine, vi. 267 

crested, vi. 268. 273 

cruel, vi. 268 

ferruginous-bellied, vi. 267 



112 



liVDEX. 



Shrike fork-tailed, vi. 372 

fork-tailed crested, vi. 371 

frontal, vi. 295 

Geoffroy's, vi. 286. 485 

great cinereous, vi. 263 

grey-backed, vi. 268 

hooked-billed, vi. 285 

Hottuiqua, vi. 267 

Indian, vi. 268 

Keroula, vi. 268 

large bush, vi. 272 

Leach's bush, vi. 274 

lesser grey, vi. 263 

Louisiana, vi. 270 ; viii. 678 

Madagascar, vi. 266 

Malabar, vi. 371 

Malimbic, vi. 271 

mustachio, vi. 268 

natka, vi. 270 

northern, vi. 269; viii. 677 

olive, vi. 270 

Pacific, vi. 268 

Panayan, vi. 269 

pied, vi. 272 

red, vi. 263 

red-backed, vi. 264 

red-crested, vi. 268 

red-headed bush, vi. 274 

red-throated, vi. 271 

rufous, vi. 294 

rufous- crowned bush, vi. 274 

rufous-winged bush, vi. 273 

Senegal, vi. 267. 678 

silent, vi. 268 ; viii. 678 

spotted, vi. 273 

swallow, vi. 286. 487 

Tabuan, vi. 269 

Vigors' bush, vi. 274 

white, vi. 269 

white-cheeked, vi. 268 
Shrikes, vi. 262. 482 
Sicrin, vi. 396. 423 
Siffleur, le, vi. 326 
Sirli, vii. 119. 212 
Siskin Arkansaw, vii. 141 

common, vii. 142 
Siskins, vii. 142. 268 
Sison, viii. 454 
Sitta, vii. 344. 385 

CafFra, vii. 345 

Canadensis, vii. 344 

chlorjs, vi. 345 

chrysoptera, vii. 345 

Europsea, vii. 344 

frontalis, vii. 345 

fusca, vii. 345 

melanocephala, vii. 34.5 

minor, vii. 387 

nasvia, vi. 408 



Sitta pusilla, vii. 345. 387 
Sittines, vii. 345 
Skimmer, viii. 648 

ashy, viii. 587 

black, viii. 586 

short-billed, viii. 587 

yellow-billed, viii. 586 
Skimmers, viii. 586 
Snake-eater, vi. 68 
Snipe, black-head, viii. 387 

brown, viii. 370 

Burka, viii. 370 

Cape, viii. 371. 528 

Cayenne, viii. 369 

common, viii. 368 

Courland, viii. 387 

double, viii. 527 

dusky, viii, 386. 387 

Finmark, viii. 386 

gambet, viii. 387 

great, viii. 368 

green-shank, viii. 368 

Jadreka, viii. 373 

jack, viii. 369 

little, viii. 527 

red-breasted, viii. 373 

red-shank, viii. 387 

saturated, viii. 370 

spotted, viii. 387 

stagnatile, viii. 387 

stone, viii. 390 

telltale, viii. 390 

Terek, viii. 374 

yellow-shanked, viii. 390 
Snipes, viii. 366. 526 
Soco, viii. 344 
Sonateria, viii. 611 
Souchets, viii. 616. 669 
Sonimanga a gorge violette, et a poitrine 

rouge, vii. 366 

long-billed, vii. 393 

raye, vii. 366 
Souimangas, vii. 359. 390 
Sparrow chipping, vii. 148 

field, vii. 148 

fire coloured, vii. 137 

fox coloured, vii. 138 

hedge, vi. 443. 465 

house, vii. 135. 234 

scarlet, vi. 315 

song, vii. 148 

swamp, vii. 148 

tree, vii. 148 

yellow-winged, vii. 148 

white-throated, vii. 148 
Sparrows, vii. 130. 234 

proper, vii. 134 
Spatula, viii. 616 
Spatula blanche sans huppe, viii. 357 



AVES. 



113 



Sparvius, vi. 236 

bicolor, vi. 56 
cserulescens, vi. 56 
cinereus, vi. 52. 56 
cirrocephalus, vi. 56 
gilvicollis, vi. 56 
guttatus, vi. 56 
major, vi. 56 
melanoleucus, vi. 56 
monachus, vi. 52 
niger, vi. 54 
rufiventris, vi. 56 
semitorquatus, vi. 56 
subniger, vi. 56 
superciliaris, vi. 56 
tricolor, vi. 56 

Spelectos, vii. 507 

Sphecothera, vi. 411 
viridis, vi. 411 

Sphecotheres, vi. 297 
viridis, vi. 297 

Spheniscus, viii. 561. 563 

Sphasnura Coraya, vi. 408 
striolata, vii. 347 
superciliaris, vii. 340 
tibicen, vi. 470 

Spizaetus, vi. 43. 44 

Spoonbill dwarf, viii. 383. 532 
roseate, viii. 357- 512 
white, viii. 357- 512 

Spoonbills, viii. 356. 510 

Spreo, le, vi. 393 

Squatarola, viii. 318 

Stapazina, vi. 436 

Stare Cape, vii. 173 

cockscomb, vi. 425 
collared, vi. 465; vii. 3? 
common, vii. 172 
Louisiana, vii. 325 
Magellanic, vii. 173. 326 
v/attled, vi. 413 

Stares, vii. 172. 321 

Starling Persian, vii. 37 

Starykes, viii. 635 

Staryque cristatella, viii. 557 

Steatornis caripennis, vii. 81 

Stercoraires, viii. 579 

Stercoreus pomarinus, viii. 580 

Sterna, viii. 580 

aranea, viii. 584 
affinis, viii. 583 
Anglica, viii. 582 
Arctica, viii. 582 
argentia, viii. 581 
argentata, viii. 582 
Oahuensis, viii. 585 
Bergii, viii. 584. 648 
Cantiaca, viii. 581 
Caspia, viii. 581 
Cnv- Index. 



Sterna Cayana, viii. 583 
Dougalii, viii. 582 
fissipes, viii. 581 
fuliginosa, viii. 584 
fuscator, viii. 586 
galericulata, viii. 584 
grisea, viii. 583 
hirundo, viii. 580 
inea, viii. 582 
infuscata, viii. 585 
leucopareia, viii. 582 
leucoptera, viii. 582 
magnirostris, viii. 585 
media, viii. 583 
melanauchen, viii. 583. 647 
melanogaster, viii. 584 
minuta, viii. 581 
nsevia, viii. 581 
nigra, viii. 581 
Nitzschii, viii. 585 
Philippensis, viii. 586 
senex, viii. 585 
stolida, viii. 585 
tenuii-ostris, viii. 583. 586 
Stonechat, vi. 435 
Stonechats, vi. 434 
Stork, American, viii. 349. 507 
black, viii. 349. 504 
small black, viii. 350 
violet, viii. 340. 350 
white, viii. 349. 495 
Storks, viii. 348, 494 

with naked-neck, viii. 3."0 
Stournelle a collier, vii. 173 
Stournes, vi. 392 
Strepsilas, viii. 384, 385. 532 

collaris, viii. 385 
Strix, vi. 70. 74 

Arcadica, vi. 81 

accipitrina, vi. 72, 78 

Africana, vi. 72. 78 

alba, vi. 75. 84 

albifrons, vi. 84 

albomarginata, vi. 86 

aluco, vi. 76 

Americana, vi. 71 

Arctica, vi. 72 

ascalaphus, vi. 71 

asio, vi. 83. 256 

atricapilla, vi. 84 

badria, vi. 75 

brachyotus, vi. 71 

brachyura, vi. 72 

Brama, vi. 85 

bubo, vi. 76. 79 

bubo Magellunicus, vi. T?. 

castanoptera, vi. 81 

Cayanensis, vi, 8'? 

cboliba, vi, 85 
Q 



114 



INDEX. 



Stiix cnicigera, vi. 8(5 

cunicularia, vi. 79- 258 
dasypus, vi. 80 
decussata, vi. 85 
ferruginea, vi. 81 
flammea, vi. 75. 257 
funerea, vi. 78. 80 
gvallaria, vi. 79 
griseata, vi. 77 
Haidwickii, vi. 77 
hirsuta, vi. 85 
Hudsonia, vi. 78 
huhula, vi. 82 
hylophila, vi. ^G 
Javanica, vi. 75 
lactea, vi. 73 
Lapponica, vi. 74 
larvata, vi. 83 
lempyi, vi. 84 
leucotis, vi. 84 
Lesclienaultii, vi. 84 
lineata, vi. 82 
litturata, vi. 74. 78 
longiiosti'is, vi. 73 
macrorhynclius, vi. 73 
macroura, vi. 78 
maculosa, vi. 72 
Maugei, vi. 85 
Mexicana, vi. 71 
navia, vi. 83 
neDulosa, vi. 74 
nisoria, vi. 78 
nisuella, vi. 78 
iioctua, vi. 75. 80 
noctula, vi. 84 
nudipes, vi. 80. 83 
nyctea, vi. 79. 256 
occipitalis, vi. 82 
Orientalis, vi. 73 
otus, vi. 71 
pagodarum, vi. 85 
palustiis, vi. 72 
passerina, vi. 79, 80, 81 
passerinoides, vi. 82 
perlata, vi. 75. 81 
perspicillata, vi. 83 
personata, vi. 83 
phalseno'ides, vi. 81 
pumila, vi. 81 
pusilla, vi. 81 
pygmaea, vi. 79, 81 
rufa, vi. 75 
scops, vi. 83. 255 
seloputo, vi. 85 
Soloniensis, vi. 75 
Sonnerati, vi. 85 
slrepitans, vi. 73 
stridula, vi. 72. 76 
superciliosa, vi, 77 



Strix sylvestris, vi. 75 

Tenglmalmi, vi. 79. 80 
torquata, vi. 82 
tripennis, vi. 72 
Tuidara, vi. 75 
ulula, vi. 71. 78 
Uralensis, vi. 78 
Virginiana, vi. 72 
Strobilipliaga, vii. 161 
Struthio, viii. 295. 422 
camelus, viii. 295 
casuarius, viii. 297 
rhea, viii. 296. 438 
Stuvnella, vii. 326 
Sturnus Capensis, vi. 424 ; vii. 173 

carunculatus, vi. 413 ; vii. 173 
cericeus, vi. 425 
cinclus, vi. 410 ; vii. 173 
collaris, vi. 465; vii. 37. 173 
contra, vi. 424 
crispicollis, vi. 416 
Dauricus, vi. 425 ; vii. 174 
gallinaceus, vi. 425 
Ludovicianus, vii. 173 
Mauritanus, vi. 465 ; vii. 37 
militaris, vii. 173. 326 
olivaceus, vii. 174 
predatoiius, vii. 169 
saularis, vi. 294 
sericeus, vii. 174 
unicolor, vii. 173 
viridis, vii. 174 
vulgaris, vii. 172 
Zeylanicus, vi. 425 
Sucrier cardinal, vii. 364 
Sugar-eater, vii. 390. 353 
Suiri pardo y bianco, vi. 333 

negro peco celeste, vi. 333 
Suiriri, vi. 321 

brun et rouge, vi. 320 

cabeza y rabadilla de canela, vi. 

334 
choreado, vi. 334 
chorreado debazo, vi. 327 
chorreado sin roxo, vi. 322 
chorreado todo, vi. 321 
guau, vi. 319 

obscuro y amarillo, vi. 334 
ordinario, vi. 352 
pardo aplomado, vi. 324 
pitador, vi. 334 
puteado, vi. 334 
roxo, vi. 334 
roxo obscuro, vi. 321 
Sula, viii. 653 

Brasiliensis, viii. 595 
Sultanas, viii. 412. 542 
Surnia, vi. 78 
Swallow, vii, 57. 60 



AVES, 



115 



Swallow, aculeated, vii. 70. 103, 104 

ambergris, vii. 64 

ash-bellied, vii. 69 

barn, vii. 62 

bat, vii. 103 

black, vii. 64 

black-bellied, vii. 62 

blue or white-bellied, vii. 65 

Brazilian, vii. 64 

brown-collared, vii. 6^ 

Cape, vii. 63. 101 

chalybeate, vii. 63 

chimney, vii. 6J. 90 

cliff, vii. 62 

common, vii. 90 

crag, vii. 61 

Daurian, vii. 64 

domestic, vii. 94 

esculent, vii. 96 

fulvous, vii. 62 

grey rock, vii. 94 

green, vii. 65 

grey-rumped, vii. 67 

Oonalaschka, vii. 6G 

Otaheitan, vii. 66 

Panayan, vii. 63 

Peruvian, vii. 66 

proper, vii. 60 

purple, vii. 92 

red-headed, vii. 69 

river, vii. 61. 91 

rock, vii. 61 

rufous-fronted, vii. 102 

rufous-headed, vii. 6.3 

rufous-rumped, vii. 68 

Senegal, vii. 63 

sharp-tailed, vii. 69. 103 

St. Domingo, vii. 67 

Ternate, vii. 342 

wheat, vii. 68 

white-bellied, vii. 63 

white-rumped, vii. 9.3 

white-winged, vii. 67 

window, vii. 60 

wire-tailed, vii. 66 
Swallows, sea, viii. 580 

sharp-quilled, vii. 102 
Swallowers, wind, vii. 105 
Swan, viii. 597. 657 

black, viii. 559. 661 

black-backed, viii. 601 

black-necked, viii. 599. 6G1 

Chinese, viii. 600 

common, viii. 659 

mute, viii. 598. 659 

spur-winged, viii. 600. 661 

tame, viii. 598 

whistling, viii. 598. 660 

wild, viii. 598 



Swift, vii. 58 

Balasian, vii. 60 
Chinese, vii. 59 
white-bellied, vii. 59 
white-collared, vii. 93 
white coloured, vii. 60 
Sycalis, vi. 339 
Sylvia, vi. 439 ; vii. ^ 

jEquinoctialis, vi. 451 

agills, vi. 458 

albicollis, vi. 436 

albini, vi. 443 

annulosa, vi. 45.3 

Asiatica, vi. 451 

atricapilla, vii. 30 

autumnalis, vi. 458 

azurea, vi. 458 

bifasciata, vi. 458 

Borbonica, vi. 449 

cserulea, vi. 458 ; viii. 683 

Cambaiensis, vi. 451 

castanea, vi. 456 

celata, vii. 172 

certhiola, vi. 442 

Cetti, vi. 443 

cinerea, vi. 444 

Cingalensis, vi. 448 

cisticola, vi. 446. 466 

citrinella, vi. 460 

conspicillata, vi. 446 

cristata, vi. 431 

cucullata, vi. 455 

cyanecula, vi. 439 

Dartfordiensis, vi. 446 

discolor, vi. 457 

domestica, vi. 473 

elata, vi. 431 

flavicoUis, vi. 460 

flaviventris, vi. 448 

fluviatilis, vi. 442 

formicivora, vi. 437 

formosa, vi. 458 

furva, vi. 473 

galactotes, vi. 442 ; viii. 685 

gracilis, vi. 467 

grisea, vi. 281 

Guzurata, vi. 451 

hirundinacea, vi. 432 ; viii. 685 

hortensis, vi. 446 ; vii. 34 

imitatrix, vi. 437 

Javanica, vi. 451 

lateralis, vi. 469 

leucopogon, vi. 446 

locustella, vi. 443 

longicauda, vi. 467 

Ludoviciana, vi. 474 

luscinia, vii. 12 

luscinoi'des, vi. 442 

Macloviana, vi. 452 
Q 2 



116 



INDEX. 



Sylvia macroura, vi. 467 

maculata, vii. 35C 

magnifica; vi. 470 

inagnoUa, vi. 455 

Marylandica, vi. 459 

melanocepliala, vi. 445 

melanopogon, vi. 444 

minuta, vi. 457 

montana, vi. 452. 457 

na2via, vii. 30 

nigra, vi. 437 

iiisoria, vii. 35 

Noveboracensis, vi. 454 

obscura, vi. 439 

Orphea, vi. 444 

pileata, vi. 437 

palpebrosa, vi. 451 

palustris, vi. 442. 450 

Pardalina, vi. 455 

parus, vi. 456 

peregrina, vi. 340; vii. 172 

Philadelphia, vi. 459 

philomela, vii. 21 

phragmitis, vi. 442 

pileata, viii. 685 

pinus, vi. 404 

Platensis, vi. 474 

plumbea, vi. 451. 464 ; viii. 686 

pusilla, vi. 458, 459 

raia, vi. 457 

rubecula, vii. 9 

rubicola, vii. 5 

ruficapilla, vii. 172 

rufigastra, vi. 449 

Ruppeli, vi. 444 

salicaria, vi. 443 

Sarda, vi. 446 

schcenobanus, vi. 443. 466 

sericea, vi. 441 

solitaria, vii. 172 

sperata, vi. 437 

sphagnosa, vi. 458 

Stapazina, /3, vi. 436 

snbalpina, vi. 446 

Snecica, vii. 11 

superciliosa, vi. 432 

sylviella, vi. 445 

toiquata, vi. 460 

triclias, vi. 459 

venusta, vi. 464 ; viii. 680 
Sylvicola inoinata, vi. 460 
Sylvoides, vi. 276 
Synallaxis, vii. 347- 388 
albescens, vii. 347 
cinerascens, vii. 347 
ruficapilla, vii. 347 
ruficauda, vii. 348 
rutilans, vii, 348 
setaria, vii, 348 



Synallaxis, tessellata, vii. 348 
Syndactyli, vii. 400. 420 
Syrrhaptes, viii. 65. 268 
Syrnii, vi. 75 
Syrnium, vi. 75 



Tachard, le, vi. 62 
Tachydromus, viii. 324 

collaris, viii. 325 

Senegalensis, viii. 325 
Tachypetes, viii. 592 

leucocephalus, viii. 593 

minor, viii. 593 
Tachyphonus, vi. 311 

chloristerus, vi. 313 

Desmarestii, vi. 311 

fringiloides, vi. 312 

olivaceus, vi. 312 

ruber, vi. 313 

rubescens, vi. 312; viii. 681 

Suchii, vi. 313 

tenuirostris, vi. 313 

Vigorsii, vi. 312 
Tadorna, viii. 669 

Bellonii, viii. 618 

familiaris, viii. 618 

rutila, viii. 622 -^ 

Tadornes, viii. 617 
Talegalla, viii. 33 

Cuvieri, viii. 33 
Tamatia, vii. 472 

black-banded, vii. 473 

black-eared, vii. 472 

lesser pied, vii. 472 

maculata, vii. 472 

pied, vii. 472 

spotted-bellied, vii. 472 
Tamatias, vii. 472 
Tanager, archbishop, vi. 304 

bishop, vi. 304 

black and blue, vi. 303 

black-faced, vi, 299 

black-headed, vi. 315 

black-necked, vi. 299 

black-throated, vi. 310. 317- 463 

blue-headed, vi. 307. 491 ; viii. 
687 

blue-shouldered, vi. 303 

blue-winged, vi. 300 

Brazilian, vi. 316 

Cayenne, vi. 298 

crested, vi. 311 

golden, vi. 297. 299 

golden-crested, vi. 314 ; viii. 681 

golden-forehead, vi. 314 

grand, vi. 299 

grey-headed, vi. 285 



AVES. 



117 



Tanager green, vi. 309 

green-headed, vi. 303. 310 

hooded, vi. 310 

Jacarine, vi. 298 

Malimbic, vii. 131. 231 

Mississippi, vi. 315 

negro, vi. 298 

orange-billed, vi. 300 

palm, vi. 305 

Paradise, vi. 303. 490 

Paraguayan, vi. 317 

poppy, vi. 317 

red, vi. 315 

red-bellied, vi. 298. 314 

red-breasted, vi. 317 

red-headed, vi. 304. 310 

red-necked, vi. 311. 314 

red-throated, vi. 310 

rufous-headed, vi. 304 

sayacu, vi. 304 

Schrauk's, vi. 309 

showy, vi. 304 

silent, vi. 318 

spotted-emerald, vi. 305 

spotted-green, vi. 305 

St. Domingo, vi. 317 

variable, vi. 299 

yellow- throated, vi. 310 
Tanagers, vi. 297- 488 

cardinal, vi. 315 

euphonian, vi. 297 

grossbeak, vi. 299 

oriole, vi. 311 

ramphoceline, vi. 310 

true, vi. 303 
Tanagra, vi. 297 

sestiva, vi, 315 

albifrons, vi. 317 

albirostris, vi. 317 

Amboinensis, vi. 317 

archiepiscopus, vi. 304 

atra, vi. 299 

atrata, vi. 317 

atricapilla, vi. 270. 315 

aurata, vi. 299 

auricapilla, vi. 314 

aurifrons, vi. 314 

axillaris, vi. 309 

Bonariensis, vii. 134. 1G9 

Brasilia, vi. 316 

Brunnea, vi. 313 

csBrulea, vi. 317 

celestis, vi. 304 

canicapella, vi. 308 

canora, vi. 300. 317. 489 

Capensis, vi. 271. 303 

capistrata, vi. 302 

capitalis, vi. 317 ; vii. 134 

Cayana, vi. 298. 304. 30?. 490 



Tanagra chlorocyanea, vi. 309 
chloroptera, vi. 305 
chlorotica, vi. 298 
cirrhomelas, vi. 312 
citrinella, vi. 308 
cristata, vi. 311 
cristatella, vi. 315 ; vii. 127 
cyanocephala, vi. 307 
cyanoventris, vi. 308 
decumana, vi. 300 
Desmarestii, vi. 300 
Diademata, vi. 302 
Dominica, vi. 317 
episcopus, vi. 304, 305 
fasciata, vi. 307 
flammea, vi. 312 
flammiceps, vi. 302 
flavicollis, vi. 310 
flaviventris, vi. 303 
formosa, vi. 305 
graminea, vi. 309 ; vii. 127 
Guianensis, vi. 270. 285. 317 i 

viii. 679 
gularis, vi. 310 
gyrola, vi. 304 
Jacapa, vi. 317 
jacarina, vi. 298 
jugularis, vi. 303 
leucophaea, vi. 307 
leucocephala, vi. 306 
Ludoviciana, vi. 316 
magna, vi. 299 
martialis, vi. 31 1 
melalictera, vi. 306 
melanopis, vi. 300 
melanotha, vi. 305 
Mexicana, vi. 303 
militaris, vi. 317 
Mississippiensis, vi. 315 
multicolor, vi. 306 
musica, vi. 489 
nigerrima, vi. 31] 
nigricollis, vi. 299. 310. 463 
nigrogularis, vi. 317 
olivacea, vi. 299. 311. 315. 355 
olivascens, vi. 305 
ornata, vi. 304. 307 
palmarum, vi. 305 
penicillata, vi. 313 
Peruviana, vi. 307 
pileata, vi. 310. 315 
psittacina, vi. 301 ; vii. 158 
punctata, vi. 305 
quadricolor, vi. 312 
rubra, vi. 299 
rubricollis, vi. 307 
rudis, vi. 307. 317 ; viii. 680 
ruficollis, vii. 127. 311. 314 
rufiventris, vi. 308. 314 



118 



INDEX. 



Tanagra Saiia, vi. 313 

sayaca, vi. 304, 305 

Schraukii, vi. 309 

Bilens, vii. 13G. 318 

Sibirica, vii. 118 

Sinensis, vi. 317 

speculifera, vi. 310. 311 

striata, vi. 306. 489 

superciliaris, vi. 300 

tatao, vi. 303. 490 

teplirocephala, vi. 308 

tlioracita, vi. 308 

tricolor, vi. 303. 307 

varia, vi. 305 

variabilis, vi. 299. 317 

variegata, vi. 315 

violacea, vi. 297. 298 

virens, vi. 303. 309. 317 

viridis, vi. 298. 309 

vittata, vi. 308 
Tangara de Malimbe, vii. 131 
Tantali, viii. 510 
Tantalus, viii. 354 

iEthiopicus, viii. 359 

African, viii. 355 

albicollis, viii. 3C1. 519 

albus, viii. 3G3 

American, viii. 355 

calvus, viii. 3G1 

Cayennensis, viii. 361 

Ceylon, viii. 356 

coco, viii. 363 

cristatus, viii. 363 

hogedash, viii. 362 

ibis, viii. 355. 510 

lacteus, viii. 356 

leucocephalus, viii. 356. 363. 510 

loculator, viii. 355. 510 

melanops, viii. 362 

niger, viii. 361 

pillus, viii. 355 

plumicollis, viii. 355 

rhodinopterus, viii. 355 

ruber, viii. 362 
Tanypus Australis, vi. 388 
Tanysiptera, vii. 411 
Tardivola, vii. 130 ; viii. 688 
Tarier, vi. 435 
Tariers, vii. 3 
Tavon, viii. 400 
Tchagra, le, vi. 271 
Tchong, le, vi. 68 
Teal, viii. 623 

backal, viii. 624 

blue-winged, viii. 671 

Chinese, viii. 619 

common, viii. 623 

Coromandel, viii. 60C 

gerra, viii. 620 



Teal hind, viii. 624 

Madagascar, viii. 606 
Manilla, viii, 624 
spinous-tailed, viii. 614 

Teals, viii. 673 

Tectur kelaun, viii. 55 

Temia, vii. 184 

Tenuirostres, vii. 344 

suppl. on the, vii. 385 

Tern, allied, viii. 583 
Arctic, viii. 582 
bearded, viii. 582. 647 
black, viii. 581 
black-naped, viii. 583. 647 
Caspian, viii. 581 
Cayenne, viii. 583 
great, viii. 580 
gull-billed, viii. 582 
hoary, viii. 583 
lesser, viii. 581 
marsh, viii. 584 
mustachio, viii. 582 
noddy, viii. 585 
rose-coloured, viii. 582 
Sandwich, viii. 581 
slender-bill, viii. 583 
sooty, viii. 584 
white-winged, viii. 582 

Terns, viii. 580 

Tersina caerulea, vi. 365 

Terutero, viii. 321. 464 

Teteu, viii. 464 

Tetrao, viii. 33. 34. 242 
albus, viii. 40 
alchata, viii. 41. 257 
Andalusicus, viii. 62 
arenarius, viii. 43 
betulinus, viii. 36 
bicalcaratus, viii. 46 
Bonasia, viii. 36 
cachinans, viii. 40 
Californius, viii. 60 
Canadensis, viii. 36. 251 
Canace, viii. 36 
canus, viii. 36 
caudacuta, viii. 42 
Chinensis, viii. 56 
cinereus, viii. 51. 67 
Coromandelicus, viii. 57 
coturnix, viii. 56. 267 
Coyoleos, viii. 60 
cristatus, viii. 60 
Cupido, viii. .37 
curvirostris, viii. 50 
Falklandicus, viii. 60 
Francolinus, viii. 45. 263 
Franklinii, viii. 39 
Guianensis, viii. 59 
hybridus, viii. 35 



AVES. 



119 



Tetrao Indicus, viii. 43 

intermedius, viii. 35 
Javanicus, viii. 50 
lagopus, viii. 40 
Lapponicus, viii. 40 
Luzoniensis, viii. 63, G4 
Madagascarensis, viii. 62 
major, viii. 67 
Manillensis, viii. 56 
Marilandus, viii. 59 
medius, viii. 35 
Mexicanus, viii. 59 
montanus, viii. 52 
mutus, viii. 40 
Namaqua, viii. 43 
Nemesianus, viii. 36 
nigricollis, viii. 62 
Novse Hispanise, viii. 33 
nudicollis, viii. 49 
obscurus, viii. 38 
ocellatus, viii. 32 
Orientalis, viii. 43. 45. 53 
paradoxa, viii. 66 
petrosus, viii. 52 
phasianellus, viii. 44 
Pondicerianus viii. 45 
Richardsonii, viii. 39 
rubricollis, viii. 49 
rufus, viii. 51 
rupestris, viii. 40 
Sabini, viii. 39 
saliceti, viii. 40 
Scoticus, viii. 41. 256 
Senegalus, viii. 42 
Sinensis, viii. 46. 64 
Sovi, viii. 69 
striatus, viii. 57 
tetrix, viii. 34. 247 
togatus, viii. 37 
umbellus, viii. 37 
urogallus, viii. 34. 243 
urophasianellus, viii. 38 
urophasianus, viii. 38 
variegatus, viii. 67 
Virginianus, viii. 59, 60 
viridis, viii. 32 

Tetras k plumage variable, viii. 35 
a queue pleine, viii. 35 

Textor aleeto, vii. 232 

Thalassidroma, viii. 566 

Thamnophilinae, viii. 678. 683 

Thamnophilus, vi. 272 
affinis, vi. 277 
agilis, vi. 276 
albicoUis, vi. 280 
albiventer, vi. 275 
albonotatus, vi. 275. 278 
atricapillus, vi. 280 
auratus, vi, 280 



Thamnophilus bicolor, vi. 275 
cinnamomeus, vi. 275 
caudatus, vi. 279 
cserulescens, vi. 279 
choloropterus, vi. 279 
cinereus, vi. 274. 283 
cristatellus, vi. 283 
cyanocephalus, vi. 282 
fasciatus, vi. 275 
ferrugineus, vi. 274 
griseus, vi. 278 
gularis, vi. 278 
guttatus, vi. 276. 281 
Leachii, vi. 274 
leucocephalus, vi. 285 
leuconotus, vi. 278 
lineatus, vi. 275. 281 
longicaudatus, vi. 281 
maculatus, vi. 276 
melanogaster, vi. 277 
melanoceps, vi. 278 
myotherinus, vi. 279 
niger, vi. 275 
radiatus, vi. 276. 281 
rubicus, vi. 282 
ruficapillus, vi. 282 
ruficeps, vi. 274 
ruficollis, vi. 277 
rufinus, vi. 283 
rutilus, vi. 282 
stellaris, vi. 277 
striatus, vi. 279 
strigilatus, vi. 276 — 
Swainsonii, vi. 275 
torquatus, vi. 273 
Vigorsii, vi. 274 
virescens, vi. 282 
viridis, vi. 282 

Thick-knees long-legged, viii. 307 
spotted, viii. 306 

Thrush, vi. 510 

barred-tail, vi. 408 
black and scarlet, vi. 357 
black-chinned, vi. 390 
black-crested, vi. 380 
black-crowned, vi. 434 
black-headed, vi. 381 
black-necked, vi. 376 
blue-tailed, vi. 400 
brown-eared, vi. 376 
bufF-winged, vi. 408 
Ceylon, vi. 271 ; viii. 678 
chiming, vi. 407 
cyaneous, vi. 403 
emerald, vi. 381 
golden-crowned, vi. 454 
gular, vi. 382 
hermit, vi. 376, 386 
Indian, vi. 381 



120 



INDEX. 



Thrush Mindanao, vi. 294 

missel, vi. 384 

mocking, vi. 539 

musician, vi. 406 ; vii. 47 

orange-breasted, vi. 434 

pagoda, vi. 423 

palm, vi. 312. 381 

of Paraguay, vi. 523 

pigeon, vi. 394 

pine, vii. 141 

punctated, vi. 529 

red, vi, 385 

red-winged, vi. 384 

reed, vi. 441 

rose coloured, vi. 392 

ruby-throat, vi. 440 

rufous, vi. 380 

solitary, vi. 375 

song, vi. 522 

songster, vi. 394 

Sonnerat's, vi. 390 

tawny, vi. 386 

thick-billed, vi. 271 

varied, vi. 381 

Volatile, vi. 369 

water, vi. 454 

white-backed, vi. 408 

wood, vi. 386 

yellow-billed, vi. 403 

yellow-fronted, vi. 390 
Thrushes proper, vi. 515 

rock, vi. 536 
Thryothorus, vii. 48 

lateralis, vi. 474 

littoralis, vii. 48 
Tichodroma, vii. 352. 389 
Tigrosoma, viii. 337 
Timalia pileata, vi. 402 ; viii. 684. 685 

thoracica, vi. 402 ; viii. 685 
Tinamou barred-tailed, viii. 71 

cinereous, viii. 67 

dwarf, viii. 69 

great, viii. 67 

Isabelle, viii. 71 

little, viii. 69 

Macaco, viii. 68 

nocturnal, viii. 68 

oariana, viii. 69 

obsolete, viii. 68 

rufescent, viii. 71 

spotted, viii. 70 

Tao, viii. 69 

undulated, viii. 67 

variegated, viii. 67 

verraicule, viii. 68 
Tinamous, viii. 269 
Tinamus, viii. 66 

adspersus, viii. 68 

Apequia, viii, 68 



Tinamus Boraquira, viii. 70 
Brasiliensis, viii. 67 
Canape, viii. ',0 
maculosus, viii. 70 
magoua, viii. 67 
major, viii. 70 
medius, viii. 70 
minor, viii. 70 
nanus, viii. 69 
noctivagus, viii. 68 
obsoletus, viii. 68 
pavoninus, viii. 70 
plumbeus, viii. 68 
rufescens, viii. 71 
Sovi, viii, 69 
strigulosus, viii. 69 
Tataupa, viii. 68 
undulatus, viii. 67 
vermiculatus, viii. 68 
ynambui, viii. 70 

Tisserin alecto, vii. 133 

Tisserins, vii, 130 

Titmice, vii. 120 

penduline, vii. 123. 223 
reed. vii. 221 

Titmouse, Alpine, vii. 123 
amorous, vii. 123 
azure, vii. 122 
bearded, vii. 123. 222 
black, vii. 123 
black-cap, vii. 121. 122 
blue, vii. 121. 219 
Cape, vii. 124 
Chinese, vii. 123 
cole, vii. 120. 218 
crested, vii. 121 
fork-tailed, vii. 123 
great, vii. 120. 214 
great-headed, vii. 123 
greyish, vii. 123 
Guiana, vii. 123 
Javan, vii. 122 
long-tailed, vii. 121. 220 
Malabar, vi. 346 
marsh, vii. 218 
New Zealand, vii. 123 
Norway, vii. 123 
Siberian, vii. 122 
white- cheek, vii. 123 

Titria cinereus, vi. 290 

Tityra viridis, vi. 291 ; viii. 680 

Tlauhqueuil, viii. 512 

Toads, flying, vii. 105 

Tocro, vii. 268 

Todies, vii. 414 

Todus, vii. 414. 429 

auritus, vi. 338 
brachyurus, vi. SSfi 
cojruleus, vii, 415 



AVES. 



121 



Todus cinereus, vii. 415 

feirugineus, vii. 415 

flavigaster, vi. 331 

fuscus, vii. 415 

leucocephalus, vi. 338; vii. 415 

macrorhynchos, vi. 337 ; vii 415 

maculatus, vi. 332 

nasutus, vi. 337; vii. 415 

obscurus, vi. 337 

Paradisiacus, vi. 330 

Paradiseus, vii. 415 

platyrhynchus, vi. 336; vii. 415 

plumbeus, vi. 332; vii. 415 

regius, vi. 332. 33fi ; vii. 415 

rostratus, vi. 336; vii. 415 

rubecula, vi. 331 

Sylvia, vii. 415 

varius, vii. 415 

viridis, vii. 414. 429 
Tody great-billed, vi. 337 

green, vii. 414. 429 

white-headed, vi. 338 
Tonysiptera, viii. 690 
Torticella, viii. 63 
Totanus, viii. 385. 532 

acuminatus, viii. 390 

Bartramius, viii. 390 

calidris, viii. 387 

caligatus, viii. 390 

chloropygus, viii. 390 

Damascensis, viii. 390 

fasciatus, viii. 311 

fistulans, viii. 386 

flavipes, viii. 390 

fuscus, viii. 387 

glareolus, viii. 390 

grallatorius, viii. 388 

griseus, viii. 386 

Javanicus, viii. 390 

macularius, viii. 389 

maculatus, viii. 387 

melanoleucus, viii. 390 

naevius, viii. 387 

natans, viii. 387 

Noveboracensis, viii. 371 

ochropus, viii. 388 

petrificatus, viii. 391 

semipalmatus, viii. 389 

solitarius, viii. 390 

speculiferus, viii. 389 

stagnatilis, viii. 387 

tenuirostris, viii. 390 

variegatus, viii. 390 
Totipalmatae, viii. 648 
Totipaline, viii. 587 
Toucan, vii. 544 

Aldrovandine, vii. 478 

Aracari, vii. 479. 547 

Azara's, vii. 480 
Cnv. Index. 



Toucan, Baillon's, vii, 480 

black and yellow, vii. 479 
black and green, vii. 480 
Brazilian, vii. 478 
carinated, vii. 478 
great, vii. 478 
green, vii. 479 
piperine, vii. 480 
red-billed, vii. 478 
red-breasted, vii. 478 
spotted-billed, vii. 480 
toco, vii. 477 
Vaillant's, vii. 479 
yellow-breasted, vii. 478 

Toucans, vii. 477 

Toucnamcourvi, vii. 131. 230 

Touraco brun, vii. 507 
geant, vii. 507 
Pauline, vii. 507. 585 
violet, vii. 508 

Touracos, vii. 507 

Touyouyou, viii. 352. 508 

Tracal, vii. 119 

Tragopan, viii. 30. 241 

Traquet d'Angleterre, vi. 498 
familier, vi. 437 
imitateur, vi. 437 
montagnard, vi. 437 
proprement dit, vii. 5 

Traquets, vii. 3 

Treron, viii. 93 

Trichas, vi. 459 

Trichoglossi, vii. 578 

Tricophorus, vi. 296 ; viii. 680 
barbatus, vi. 297 

Tridactyles, viii. 61 

Tringa, viii. 318. 375 
alba, viii. 378 
albescens, viii. 377 
Alpina, viii. 379 
atra, viii. 387 
Australis, viii. 376 
Bartramia, viii. 390 
brevirostris, viii. 383 
canutus, viii. 375 
cinctus, viii. 530. 379 
cinerea, viii. 375 
coot-footed, viii. 391 
equestris, viii. 382 
falcinellus, viii. 378 
ferruginea, viii. 376 
fulicaria, viii. 384 
fusca, viii. 387 
gambetta, viii. 382. 387 
glacialis, viii. 384 
glareola, viii. 388 
Grenovicensis, viii. 382 
grisea, viii. 375 
Helvetica, viii. .319 
R 



122 



INDEX. 



Tiinga hiatula, viii. 312 

Hyperborea, viii. 384. 391 
hypoleucos, viii. 389 
interpies, viii. 385 
Islandica, viii. 375 
itimantopus, viii. 380 
leucoptera, viii. 377 
littorea, viii. 382 
lobata, viii. 384. 392. 532 
Macei, viii. 378 
macroptera, viii. 321 
maculosa, viii. 377 
maritima, viii. 376 
minuta, viii. 376. 383 
naevia, viii. 375 
nigricans, viii. 376 
Oakuensis, viii. 390 
ochropus, viii. 388 
platyrhynchus, viii, 380, 381 
pugnax, viii. 381. 531 
pusilla, viii. 376, 377. 383 
religiosa, viii. 378 
rubra, viii. 378 
rufa, viii. 375 
rufescens, viii. 377 
ruficollis, viii. 379 
Schenzii, viii. 379 
semipalmata, viii. 383 
squatarola, viii. 319 
striata, viii. 376. 387 
subarcuata, viii. 380 
Temminckii, viii. 376 
totanus, viii. 387 
Urvilii, viii. 320 
vanellus, viii 319. 462 
varia, viii. 319 
variabilis, viii. 379 

Triorchis, vi. 39 

Trochilus, vii. 367 

albicollis, vii. 379 
albus, vii. 371 
amethystinus, vii. 375 
ater, vii. 372 
aureo viridis, vii. 371 
auritus, vii. 378 
aurulentus, vii. 371 
bilophus, vii. 374 
Brasiliensis, vii. 369. 371 
brevicauda, vii. 372 
carbunculus, vii. 377 
. chalybeus, vii. 373 
chrysurus, vii. 369 
cinereus, vii. 370 
collaris, vii. 378 
colubris, vii. 375 
cristatus, vii. 372 
elegans, vii. 369 
enicurus, vii. 376 
ensipennis, vii. 374 



Trochilus forficatus, vii. 369 

fulgens, vii. 372 

furcatus, vii. 375 

gigas, vii. 377 

gutturalis, vii. 370 

hirsutus, vii. 371 

holosericeus, vii. 371 
jugularis, vii. 370 

Langsdorfii, vii. 376 

latipennis, vii. 374 

leucogaster, vii. 378 

leucurus, vii. 368 

longirostris, vii. 378 

maculatus, vii. 378 

magnificus, vii. 373 

mango, vii. 370 

margaritaceus, vii. 372 

Maugeanus, vii. 375 

melanogaster, vii. 370 

melanotus, vii. 372 

mellisuga, vii. 377 

mellivorus, vii. 375. 378 

mesoleucos, vii. 374 

minimus, vii. 376 

moschitus, vii. 377 

multicolor, vii. 372 

naevius, vii. 370 

ornatus, vii. 373 

ourissia, vii. 377 

pectoralis, vii. 371 

pella, vii. 368 

petasophorus, vii. 373 

pileatus, vii. 373 

platurus, vii. 376 

platycerius, vii. 372 

polythmus, vii, 369 

punctatus, vii. 371 

pygmaeus, vii. 372 

rubineus, vii. 377 

saphyrinus, vii. 379 

scutatus, vii. 373 

smaragdo-saphyrinus, vii. 375 

squalidus, vii. 369 

squamosus, vii. 379 

superbus, vii. 378 

superciliosus, vii. 368 

Taumautias, vii. 370 

thalassinus, vii. 372 

violaceus, vii. 370 

viridis, vii. 371 
Troglodytes, vi. 473 ; vii. 42 

CEdon, vi. 473 ; vii. 44 

arundinaceus, vi. 474 

Europaeus, vi. 473 

hiemalis, vi. 473 ; vii. 44 

obsoleta, vi. 409 
Trogon, vii. 473 

albiventris, vii. 475 

ardens, vii. 476 



AVES. 



123 



Trogon atricolHs, vii. 474 
aurantius, vii. 476 
black-headed, vii. 474 
castaneus, vii. 474 
cinereus, vii. 474 
cinnamomeus, vii. 476 
collaris, vii. 474 
condea, vii. 475 
curucui, vii. 474 
domicellus, vii. 475 
Domingo, vii. 475 
Duvaucel's, vii. 475 
fasciatus, vii. 475 
indented, vii. 541 
lesser red-bellied, vii. 474 
mountain, vii. 475 
narina, vii. 476 
oreskios, vii. 475 
pavoninus, vii. 476. 541 
red-bellied, vii. 474 
Reinwart's, vii. 475 
rosalba, vii. 474 
rufus, vii. 474 
strigilatus, vii. 474 
sulfuraceus, vii. 474 
Temminckii, vii. 476 
temnusus, vii. 476 
variegatus, vii. 474. 476 
violaceus, vii. 474 
violet-headed, vii. 474 
viridis, vii. 474 
vrhite-bellied, vii. 475 
white-collared, vii. 475 
yellow-bellied, vii. 474 

Trogons, vii. 539 

Tropic-bird, common, viii. 596 
red-tailed, viii. 597 

Tropidorhynchus, vi. 412. 415 

Troupiale, vii. 168 

k calotte rousse, vii. 1 71 
grand, vii. 166 
noir et varie, vii. 171 
noir, le petit, vii. 134 

Troupiales, vii. 167. 319. 320 

Trumpeter, undulated, viii. 302 

Tschachert, vi. 288 

Tuglek, viii. 631 

Tuidara, vi. 75 

Turdoides, vi. 388 ; viii. 684 
leucocephala, vi. 390 

Turdus, vi. 374. 510 

Abyssinicus, vi. 382 
aeneus, vi. 395 
Africanus, vi. 382 
Alaspi, vi. 279. 408 
albicapillus, vi. 382 
albicollis, vi. 383. .387 
albifrons, vi. 383. 392 
albiventris, vi. 387 



Turdus amcenus, vi, 392 

Americanus, vi. 383 

analis, vi. 388 

aquaticus, vi. 454 

Arada, vi. 406 

arcuatus, vi. 382 

ardosiaceus, vi. 380. 384 

Arsinoe, vi. 382 

arundinaceus, vi. 392 411. 514 ; 

vii. 29 
Asiaticus, vi, 382 
atricapillus, vi. 379. 381 
atriceps, vi. 389 
atricoUis, vi. 379 
atrigularis, vi. 376 
auratus, vi. 393. 409 
aurigaster, vi. 389 
aurocapillus, vi. 392 
Australis, vi. 378 
azureus, vi. 389 
Badius, vi. 383 
bamble, vi. 406 
BarbaricuS; vi. 383 
bicolor, vi. 393 
bimaculatus, vi. 388 
Borbonicus, vi. 382 
brachypterus, vi, 383. 468 
brachypus, vi, 383 
Brasiliensis, vi. 379 
brevicaudatus, vi. 383 
Cafer, vi. 388 
Calliope, vi. 392. 440 
campanella, vi. 407 
Camtschatkensis, vi. 440 
canorus, vi. 382 
cantans, vi. 406 
cantor, vi. 394 
Capensis, vi. 389 
carbonarius, vi. 379 
Cayanensis, vii. 388 
certhiola, vi. 442 
Ceylonus, vi. 271 
chalybeus, vi. 394 
Chochi, vi. 383 
chrysogaster, vi. 378. 394 
chrysorhoeus, vi. 389 
cinclus, vi. 410 
cinereus, vi. 383 
cinnamomeus, vi. 280. 380. 409 
cirrhatus, vi. 281 
Cochinsinensis, vi. 390, 419 
colma, vi. 404 
colma (3, vi. 404 
columbinus, vi. 382 
Columbus, vi. 394 
concolor, vi. 381. 389 
Coraya, vi. 408 
coronatus, vi. 454 
crassirostris, vi. 271. 383 
R 2 



124 



INDEX. 



Turdus crotopegus, vi. 387 
curaeus, vi. 383 

cyaneus, vi. 375. 383. 392. 403 
cyanocephalus, vi. 384 
cyanurus, vi. 400 
Daoma, vi. 383 
dentirostris, vi. 383 
dilutus, vi. 383 
disparis, vi. 389 
Dominicaiius, vi. 377- 425 
Dominicus, vi. 385 
dubius, vi. 37G. 383 
eremita, vi. 370 
erytliropterus, vi. 378 
explorator, vi. 37G 
Fall^landii, vi. 382 
felivox, vi. 385 
flavipes, vi. 383. 387 
flavirostvis, vi. 403 
flavus, vi. 382. 397 
formicivorus, vi. 404 
frivolus, vi. 383 
fuliginosus, vi. 384 
fumigatus, vi. 387 
fuscatus, vi. 38G 
fuscipes, vi. 408 
fiiscus, vi. 383 
Ginginianus, vi. 423 
griseus, vi. 382. 402 
gularis, vi. 382 
gutturalis, vi. 383. 434 
Guyanensis, vi. 387 
hsemonhoiisa, vi. 381 
hannonicus, vi. 384 
Hispaniolensis, vi. 379 
Hudsonius, vi. 392 
iliacus, vi. 384 
importiinus, vi. 378 
Indicus, vi. 381 
inquietus, vi. 383 
Jamaicensis, vi. 387 
Javanicus, vi. 381 
jugularis, vi. 392 
Kamtsckensis, vi. 312 
Labradorius, vi. 392 
Leschenaultii, vi. 382 
leucocephalus, vi. 382. 392. 425 
leucogaster, vi. 394 
leucogenus, vi. 383 
leucomelas, vi. 383 
leiicophrys, vi. 383 
leucopteius, vi. 383 
leucotis, vi. 383. 419 
leucurus, vi. 375. 430 
liiieatus, vi. 404 
lividu.s, vi. 385 
longirostris, vi. 383 
lunulatus, vi. 384. 419 
Macei, vi. 383 



Turdus Madagascaviensis, vi. 379 

Malabaricus, vi. 390. 392. 423 
Manillensis, vi. 370 
maxillaris, vi. 383. 419 
melanicherus, vi. 378 
melanocephalus, vi. 383. 423 
melanophrys, vi. 383 
melanops, vi. 383 418 
melinus, vi. 384. 419 
melodus, vi. 380 
merula, vi. 374 
migratorius, vi. 385. 524 
Mindanaensis, vi. 294 
miniatus, vi. 378 
minor, vi. 383. 380 
monachra, vi. 382. 392. 397 
morio, vi. 393 
motacilla, vi. 392. 454 
musicola, vi. 383 
mustelinus, vi. 380 
musicus, vi. 384. 522 
nsevius, vi. 383 
Naumanni, vi. 376 
nigricapillus, vi. 377 
nigricans, vi. 389 
nigricollis, vi. 382 
nitens, vi. 393 
Novae Hollandiffi, vi. 383 
Noveboracensis, vi. 392 
obscurus, vi. 382 
ochrocephalus, vi. 392. 425 
olivaceus, vi. 383. 380 
Oonalaschka, vi. 382 
Orientalis, vi. 294. 303. 392 
ornatus, vi. 377 
Orpheus, vi. 385 
ouravang, vi. 378 
Pacificus, vi. 383 
pagodarum, vi. 392. 423 
palmarum, vi. 312. 381. 392. 

490 
pectoralis, vi. 380. 409 
Peronii, vi. 383 
Persicus, vi. 383 
perspicillatus, vi 377 
phsenicopterus, vi. 389 
phsenicurus, vi. .377 
Philippensis, vi. 38.3 
pilaris, vi. 384 
plumbeus, vi. 380 
polioceplialus, vi. 383 
polyglottus, vi. 385 
prateasis, vi. 379 
praursus, vi. 383 
punctatus, vi. 384 
reclamator, vi. 379 
rex, vi. 403 
roseus, vi. 392 
rubiginosus, vi. 280 



AVES. 



125 



T Urdus ruficaudus, vi. 383 

ruficollis, vi. 382 

rufifrons, vi. 283. 380. 409 

rufiventris, vi. 383. 386. 387 

rufus, vi. 385 

rupestris, vi. 376 

rupicola, vi. 376 

Sandwichensis, vi. 383 

saturninus, vi. 285 

saxatilis, vi. 375 

sellacis, vi. 392 

Senegalensis, vi. 377- 379 

shannu, vi. 383 

Sibiricus, vi. 382 

silens, vi. 286 

Sinensis, vi. 387- 425 

solitarius, vi. 375. 386 

sordidus, vi. 287 

speciosus, vi. 357. 382. 392 ; vii. 
122 

splendidus, vi. 382 

squammeus, vi. 377 

striatus, vi. 387 

Suerii, vi. 383 

Suratensis, vi. 382 

tenebrosus, vi. 383 

tibicens, vi. 377 

tinnicus, vi. 403 

tintinnabulatus, vi. 407 

torquatus, vi. 375. 534 

triclias, vi. 391 

tricolor, vi. 378. 383 

triostechus, vi. 400 

Tripolitanus, vi. 382 

triurus, vi. 383 

Ulietensis, vi. 383 

Vaillantii, vi. 389 

validus, vi. 383 

variegatus, vi. 383. 387 

varius, vi. 381. 383 

violaceus, vi. 376 

virescens, vi. 383 

viridi olivaceus, vi. 382 

viridis, vi. 381 

viscivorus, vi. 384. 524 

volitans, vi. 369 

Wilsonii, vi. 386 
Turkey, viii. 154 

common, viii. 16 

Honduras, viii. 163 

horned, viii. 31 

marail, viii. 9 
Turkies, viii. 15 

wild, viii. 16 
Turnix, viii. 62. 268 

Africanus, viii. 62 

Dussumier's, viii. 65 

maculatus, viii. 63 

white-spotted, viii. 63 



Turtle, African, viii. 83 

blue-headed, viii. 73 

Cambayan, viii. 84 

Chinese, viii. 77 

collared, viii. 77. 290 

common, viii. 77 

green, viii. 82 

Javan, viii. 81 

Luzonian, viii. 77 

Malacca, viii. 85 

Malabar, viii. 85 

red-breasted, viii. 74 

spotted-necked, viii. 77- 290 

striated, viii. 82 

Surat, viii. 84 

Surinam, viii. 90 

white, viii. 85 
Tutre, vii. 407 
Tuyuyu-guazo, viii. 507 
Twit, vii. 387 
Tyranula, viii. 681 

affinis, vi. 349 

barbirostris, vi. 349 

musica, vi. 350 

nigricans, vi. 349 

obscura, vi. 349 

pallida, vi. 349 ; viii. 682 
Tyrannus, vi. 318; viii. 681 

albicollis, vi. 322 

ambulansjvi. 321 

atricapillus, vi. 272. 323 

bellicosus, vi. 321 

bellulus, vi. 319 

calcaratus, vi. 321 

carnivorus, vi. 320 

Cayanensis, vi. 320 

coronatus, vi. 325 

crassirostris, vi. 323 

crudelis, vi. 324 

Dominicanus, vi. 327 ' 

griseus, vi. 324 

intrepidus, vi. 323 

irritabilis, vi. 320 

irupero, vi. 326 

leucotis, vi. 324 

longipennis, vi. 319 

magnanimus, vi. 320 

matutinus, vi. 324 

melancholicus, vi. 319 

pentaveo, vi. 320 

pepoaza, vi. 322 

pipiri, vi. 323 

pyrrhophaius, vi. 321 

rixosus, vi. 321 

rufescens, vi. 321 

rufiventris, vi. 323 

rufus, vi. 321 

Savanna, vi. 319 

solitarius, vi. 32 



126 



INDEX. 



Tyrannus sulphuratus, viii. 681 

verticalis, vi. 324 

violentus, vi. 320 

vociferus, vi. 323 

vorax, vi. 324 
Tyrant, black and white winged, vi. 322 

noisy, vi. 323 

red-brown, vi. 321 

spiny-footed, vi. 321 

St. Domingo, vi. 324 

thick-billed, vi. 323 
Tyrants, vi. 318. 491 

bald, vi. 357 
Tytira, viii. 6^9 



Umbre, viii. 509 

tufted, viii. 353. 509 
Umbres, viii. 352 
Upupa, vii. 379. 380 

aurantia, vii. 382 

Capensis, vi. 424 ; vii. 381 

epops, vii. 380. 398 

erythrorhynchos, vii. 382. 405 

fusca, vii. 382 

Indica, vii. 382 

Madagascariensis, vi. 424 

magna, vii. 382 

Mexicana, vii. 382 

minor, vii. 381 

Papuensis, vii. 382 

Paradisea, vi. 330 ; vii. 382 

promerops, vii. 365. 381. 405 

superba, vii. 382 
Uria, viii. 553 

Balthica, viii. 554 

Brunnichii, viii. 554 

Francesii, viii. 554 

grylloides, viii. 554 

lachrymans, viii. 554 

Lomvia, viii. 554 

Mandtii, viii. 555 

marmorata, viii. 555 

scapularis, viii. 554 

Troile, viii. 554 
Uru, viii. 59 
Urubitinga, vi. 44. 236 
Urucurea, vi. 79 
Urutau, vii. 78. 112 
Urutaurana, vi. 45 



Vanga, vi. 285 

destroying, vi. 286 
destructor, vi. 286 
striata, vi. 274 

Vaginalis, viii. 416 



Vaginalis alba, viii. 416 
chionis, viii. 416 

Vanellus, viii. 318, 319 

jEgyptius, viii. 320 
albicapillus, viii. 321 
Cayanensis, viii. 464 
cinctus, viii. 320 
cristatus, viii. 319. 462 
flavipes, viii. 320 
gallinaceus, viii. 321. 322 
lobata, viii. 322 
Senegalus, viii. 465 
tricolor, viii. 322 

Vanneau, viii. 462 

Vautour de Norwege, vi. 186 
grand, vi. 15 
petit, vi. 186 

Vermivora, vi. 465 

Vest dore, vi. 395 

Vauve a epaulettes, la, vii. 150 
chrysoptere, la, vii. 151 

Vidua, vii. 149 

longicauda, vii. ] 49 

Vinago, viii. 93. 273 

Vinette, vi. 478 

Vireo flavifrons, vi. 355 
musicus, vi. 356 
virescens, vi. 356 
rufescens, vi. 436 

Viuva, vi. 327 

Vouroudrions, vii. 461 

Vultur, vi. 15 

iEgyptius, vi. 18 
Arrianus, vi. I7 
atratus, vi. 21 
aura, vi. 20, 21 
aureus, vi. 22. 162 
auricularis, vi. I7 
barbarus, vi. 162. 190 
barbatus, vi. 22. 162. 190 
Californianus, vi. 19 
chincou, vi. 16. 17 
cinereus, vi. 16 
cristatus, vi. I7. 42 
fulvus, vi. J5 
fuscus, vi. 20. 190 
galericulatus, vi. 18 
Gingianus, vi. I7 
gryphus, vi. 19 
Indicus, vi. 16 
Kolbii, vi. 16 
leucocephalus, vi. 20. 186 
macrocephalus, vi. 164 
monachus, vi. 16. 18. 162 
niger, vi. 17, 18 
nubicus, vi. 164 
papa, vi. 18. 164 
percnopterus, vi. 20. 186 
Pondicerianus, vi. 17 



AVES. 



127 



Vultur sacra, vi. 18. 166' 
serpentarius, vi. (59 
trencalos, vi. 15 
uruba, vi. 21 
vulturinus, vi. 21 

Vulture, vi. 15 

Angola, vi. 17. 186. 190 
Arabian, vi. 17 
ashy, vi. 16 
bearded, vi. 22. 190 
black, vi. 16. 21. 162 
black-crowned, vi. 162 
brown, vi. 17 
Californian, vi. 21 
carrion, vi. 20 
Cheriway, vi. 21 
chocolate, vi. 17 
cinereous, vi. 16. 162 
crested, vi. 42 
crested-black, vi. 16 
Gingi, vi. 20 
Egyptian, vi. 18. 187 
fulvous, vi. 15. 160 
golden, vi. 22 
great of the Andes, vi. 19 
Indian, vi. 15, 16 
Kolben's, vi. 16 
little, vi. 187 
of Lambs, vi. 190 
of Malta, vi. 190 
of New Holland, vi. 21 
of Norway, vi. 187 
painted, vi. 18. 166 
plaintive, vi. 21 
Pondicherry, vi. 17 
sociable, vi. 17- 163 
tawny, vi. 21. 23 
white-tailed, vi. 166 

Vultures, vi. 15. 157 

king of the, vi. 18. 164 



Waders, viii. 293 
Wagtail, Cape, vi. 477 

green, vi. 475 

mournful, vi. 475 

pied, vi. 475 

scapular, vi. 448 

white, vi. 475 

yellow, vi. 476 

yellow-headed, vi. 476 
Wagtails, vi. 474 ; vii. 50 

proper, vi. 474 

white, vii. 51 

yellow, vii. 54 
Wallikikili, viii. 224 
Walyvogels, viii. 444 
Wapaw, vi. 485 



Warbler, African, vi. 470 

Alpine, vi. 465 ; vii. 35. 37. 173 

aquatic, vi. 443 

autumnal, vi. 458 

Awatcha, vi. 464 

babbling, vi. 445 ; vii. 34 

Batavian, vi. 453 

bay-breasted, vi. 456 

black and white, vi. 436 

black-headed, vi. 333. 445 

black-jawed, vi. 447 

black-necked, vi. 451 

black-poll, vi. 456 

black-throated, vi. 456 

black-thoated blue, vi. 457 

Blackburnian, vi. 460 

blue, vi. 440 

blue-eyed yellow, vi. 460 

blue green, vi. 457 

blue-headed, vii. 172 

blue-striped, vii. 172 

blue-tailed, vi. 447 

blue-throated, vi. 439 ; vii. 1 1 

blue yellow-backed, vi. 459 

blue winged yellow, vii. 172 

bog, vi. 442 

banana, vi. 463 

Bourbon, vi. 449 

brown, vi, 473 ; vii. 44 

brown- throated, vi. 462 

buff-faced, vi. 447 

caerulean, vi. 458 

Cape May, vi. 455 

Cetti's, vi. 443 

chestnut-bellied, vi. 447 

chestnut-sided, vi. 456 

China, vi. 449 

chret, vi. 452 

Cingalese, vi. 448 

citron, vi. 452 

citron-bellied, vi. 449 

Connecticut, vi. 458 

crested, vi. 333 

Dartford, vi. 446 

Daurian, vi. 447 

dusky, vi. 450 

dwarf, vi. 470. 471 

equinoctial, vi. 451 

exile, vi. 469 

flaxen, vi. 469 

grasshopper, vi. 443 

gray, vi. 444 

green and white, vi. 462 

green Indian, vi. 448 

golden-crest like, vi. 471 

golden-winged, vii. 172 

grisly, vi. 461 

hang-nest, vi. 463 

hawk-like, vi. 445 ; vii. 35 



128 



INDEX. 



Warbler, hemlock, vi. 456 
Jamaica, vi. 462 
Javan, vi. 451 
Kentucky, vi. 458 
Lambert's, vi. 468 
long-billed, vi. 463 
long-legged, vi. 452 
long-tailed, vi. 467 
Luzonian, vi. 436 
Madagascar, vi. 449 
Magellanic, vi. 461 
Maurice, vi. 473 
mountaineer, vi. 453 
mourning, vi. 459 
murine, vi. 447 
Nashville, vii. 172 
olive, vi. 448 
orange-bellied, vi. 472 
orange-crowned, vii. 172 
orange-headed, vi. 462 
orange-rumped, vi. 469 
Orpheus, vi. 444 
palm, vi. 454 
passerine, vi. 445 ; vii. 34 
Patagonian, vi. 461 
pensile, vi. 472 
Philippine, vi. 436 
pine creeping, vi. 464 
pine swamp, vi. 458 
pink, vi. 448 
plumbeous, vi. 451 
Prairie, vi. 457 
protonothary, vii. 172 
red-bellied, vi. 305 
red-tail, vi. 440 
reed, vi. 466 
of the reeds, vi. 443 
rufous and black, vi. 462 
rufous-tailed, vi. 461 
rusty-headed, vi. 461 
rusty-side, vi. 452 
Sarda, vi. 446 
sedge, vi. 442 
sibyl, vi. 437 
silky, vi. 441 
simple, vi. 463 
sooty, vi. 436 
spectacled, vi. 446 
spotted, vi. 443 ; vii. 30 
spotted yellow, vi. 457 
St. Domingo, vi. 462 
stone chat, vii. 5 
subalpine, vi. 446 
superb, vi. 468 
taylor, vi. 450 
Tenessee, vii. 172 
undated, vi. 449 
wheat-ear, vii. 4 
white-breasted, vi. 445 



Warbler, white-chinned, vi. 450 
white-crowned, vi. 448 
white-eyed, vi. 453 
winter, vii. 37 
worm-eater, vi. 462 
worm-eating, vii. 172 
yellow-bellied, vi. 461 
yellow-poll, vi. 472 
yellow-rump, vi. 454 
yellow-throated, vi. 460 
yellow wren, vi. 472 

Warblers, vi. 434. 440. 465 ; vii. 3 

Water-hens, viii. 411 

Wattle-bird, vii. 336 

Weavers, vii. 229 

Wheatear, vi. 435 

black-hooded, vi. 437 
Rousset, vi. 435 

Whenchat, vi. 435 

Whip-poor-will, vii. 74. 109 

Whisky John, vi. 485 
white, vi. 485 

Whitetail, vi. 435 

White-throat, vi. 444 
lesser, vi. 445 

Widow Chuck Will's, vii. 74 

Wigeon, American, viii. 622 
Cape, viii. 624 

Wimbrel, viii. 365 

Woodcock, viii. 367- 521 
little, viii. 367 
Savanna, viii. 369 

Woodcracker, vii. 387 

Woodpecker, vii. 509 

Azara's, vii. 444 
banded, vii. 451 
Bengal, vii. 443 
black-bearded, vii. 512 
blue, vii. 387 
buff-crested, vii. 441 
Canada, vii. 446 
cardinal, vii. 448 
Carolina, vii. 447 
Cayenne, vii. 448 
Cevlonese, vii. 444 
Chili, vii. 443 
concrete, vii. 442 
Crawford's, vii. 513 
crimson-rumped, vii. 444 
digging, vii. 451 
dusty, vii. 442 
encenade, vii. 447 
ferruginous, vii. 445 
field, vii. 448 
gaudy, vii. 444 
Goa, vii. 443 
gold-back, vii. 444 
gold-winged, vii. 451 
ffolden-crested, vii. 448 



AVES. 



129 



Woodpecker, great black, vii. 439 

greater spotted, vii. 440 

green, vii. 439 

hairy, vii. 446 

helmet, vii. 441 

Lewis's, vii. 443 

lineated, vii. 441 

little, vii. 447 

Mace's, vii. 449 

Malacca, vii. 447 

Manilla, vii. 444 

middle spotted, vii. 440 

minute, vii. 451 

northern three-toed, vii. 450 

passerine, vii. 445 

pierced, vii. 443 

pileated, vii. 441 

rayed, vii. 448 

red, vii. 444, 445 

red-bellied, vii. 446 

red-cheeked, vii 447 

red-headed, vii. 442 

red-necked, vii. 442 

robust, vii. 442 

rufous, vii. 447 

sklit, vii. 448 

Sphix's white-billed, vii. 442 

St. Domingo, vii. 443 

strong-billed, vii. 442 

supercilious, vii. 448 

Surinam, vii. 445 

swallow, vii. 446 

white-billed, vii. 441 

yellow, vii. 445 

yellow-bellied, vii. 446 

yellow-crested, vii. 448 

yellow-headed, vii. 445 

yellow-shafted, vii. 451 

yellowish, vii. 446 
Woodpeckers, vii. 438 
Worabee, vii. 132. 232 
Worail, viii. 304 
Wren, Buenos Ayres, vi. 474 ; vii. 47 

Byron's golden-crested, vii. 42 
common, vi. 473 ; vii. 42 
gold-crested, vi. 472 ; vii. 39 
great Carolina, vi. 474 ; vii. 48 
house, vi. 473 ; vii. 44 
marsh, vii. 49 
reed, vi. 442 ; vii. 30 



Wren, winter, vi. 473 ; vii. 44 
yellow-crested, vii. 41 

Wrens, vi. 471 

Wryneck, vii. 452 

anomalous, vii. 453 
crested, vii. 452 
least, vii. 452 
little, vii. 453 

Wrynecks, vii. 451. 513 



Xanthornus, vii. 168, 169 

Xenops, vii. 345. 388 

Anabatoides, vii, 346. 388 
genibarbis, vii. 346 
Hoffmanseggii, vii. 346 
rutilus, vii. 346 

Xiuhtototl, vi. 306 



Yacous, viii. 7 

Yacu carraguata, viii. 129 

Yacucha, viii. 10 

Yahana bleu de ciel, viii. 413 

Yapou, vii. 318 

Yapu, vii. 166 

Yellow-throat, Maryland, vi. 459 

Yetapa, vi. 320 

Yiperu, vi. 319 

Ynambu bleuatre, viii. 68 

canape, viii. 69 

raye, viii. 67 
Ynambus, viii. 66 " 

Ypecaha, viii. 409 

brun, viii. 409 

noiratre, viii. 409 
Yphantes, vii. 168 
Yunx, vii. 451. 513 

minutissima, vii. 451, 452 

torquilla, vii. 452. 513 
Yzguautzli, vi. 42 



Zapornia, viii. 406 

minuta, viii. 408 
pusilla, viii. 408 

Zaramagullen noir, viii. 591 

Zopilote papa, vi. 164 

Zosterops, vi. 453 

dorsalis, vi. 453 



Cuv. Jndex. 



R E P T I L I A. 



VOL. IX. 



*** Letters in this index refers to the Synopsis, of which the folios are at the 
foot of the pages. 



Aboma, vol. ix. 254 

Abou Burs, 148 

Abranchus, 410 ; s. 109 

Alleghaniensis, s. 109 
horridus, s. 109 

Acanthopis, 277 ; s. 82 

Brownii, 277 ; s. 82 
cerastinus, 277 ; s. 82 

Acanthosaura, s. 56 

Acontias, 244 ; s. ^6 

Cfficus, 245 ; s. 76 
lineatus, s. 77 
meleagris, s. 76 
reticulata, s. 76 

Acrochordus, 264. 336 ; s. 99 
dubius, s. 99 
fasciatus, 281 s. 99 
Javensis, 264 
Javanicus s. 99 

Ada, 111. 203; s. 28 
bicarinata, 5. 29 
common, s. 28 
crocodilus, s. 28 
double-crested, s. 29 

Adder, Bordelaise, s. 262 
collared, s. 261 
four-striped, 262 
great, 257 

green and yellow, 202 
viperine, 261 

Adders, 256. 331 

i^sping, 272 

Agama, 122; s. 54 
aculeata, 124 
agilis, s. 58 
Aralensis, s. 58 
arenaria, «. 58 
armata, s. 56 
atra, 124 ; s. 57 



Agama azurea, vol. ix ; s. 42 
barbata, 122 ; *. 60 
brevicaudata, s. 42 
calotes, s. 56 
catenata, 127 ; «• 40 
coUaris, s. 31 
colonorum, 123. 216 
cornuta, 124. 217; s. 45 
cristatella, 127 ; s. 55 
cristata, 127 ; s. 55 
cyclura, 126; s. 42. 43 
deserta, s. 58 
dorsalis, s. 56 
Douglassiii s. 44 
flavigularis, s. 55 
gigantea, 128 
grandoculis, .9. 60 
gutturosa, 127 ; s. 56 
Indica, s. 55 
isodactyla, s. 58 
Jacksoniensis, s. 60 
minor, s. 55 
Molinaii, s. 47 
nigricollis, s. 41. 43 
nigrocollaris, 126 
occipitalis, s. 56 
ocellata, s. 59 
ophiomachus, 127 
orbicularis, s. 57, 58 
picta, 127 ; s. 40 
platura, s. 52 
plica, 4'. 41 
Pondiceriana, s. 57 
ruderata, s. 58 
semitseniata, s. 41 
sinuata, i\ 58 
spinosa, 216; s. 57 
straminea, s. 58 
subspinosa, s. 57 

s 2 



132 



INDEX. 



Agama taraguira, vol. ix ; s. 41 
tigrina, s. 55 

tuberculata, 136; s. 41. 56 
umbra, 124 ; s. 41 
undulata, 126 ; s. 43 
versicolor, s. 55 
vultuosa, 127 ; s. 56 
Agama, Aral, s, 58 

Cape, s. 57 
common, 122; .?. 57 
muricated, 123 
mutable, s. 58 

obsoletely-crested, s. 56 

occipital, s. 56 

ocellated, 122 

Ruppel's, s. 58 

sand, s. 58 

slender, s. 58 

tubercular, s. 56 

yellow-striped, 5. 57 
Agamse, 215 

orbicularise 124 
Agame arlequine, 127 '- 

a pierreries, 124 

a queue prenante, 129 

ponetue, 151 
Ahastula 259 ; s. 93 

Linnei, s. 93 

liocercus, s. 93 

periophthalmica, s. 93 

Richardi, s. 93 
Aispysure, 280 
Alecto, s. 79 
Alygyra, 117 ; s. 35 

Cuvieri, s. 35 

common, s. 35 
Alligator, 105 ; 5. 21 

lucius, s. 21 

palpebrosus, s. 21 

sclerops, s. 21 

eye-browed, s. 21 

pike-muzzled, s. 21 

spectacled, s. 21 
Amblicephalus, s. 94 

carinatus, s. 94 

coccineus. s. 94 

levis, s. 94 

mikani, s. 94 

Nattereri, s. 94 
Amblyrhynchus, «, 37 

ater, s. 37 

cristatus, 133 ; s. 37 
Ameiva, 113. 205; s. 29 

argus, 114 ; .s. 29 

cseruleocepliala, 114; «. 30 

collaris, «. 31 

cyanomelas, s. 30 

lateristriga, 114; ,«. 30 

lemniscata, 114; ?. 30 



Ameiva litterata, vol. ix. 114 ; s. 29 
tessellata, s. 30 
Teyus, 114 ; s. 31 
trilineata, «. 30 
viridis, s. 31 
vulgaris, s. 29 
Ameiva, black marked, 205 
blue, s. 30 

blue and black, .9. 30 
blue-headed, s. 30 
checkered, s. 30 
collared, 5. 31 
green, s. 31 
graphique, 114 
lettered, s. 29 
striped, s. 30 
three-streaked, 5. 30 
Amphibia, s. 99 
Amphipneusta, s. 107 
Amphisbcena, 246. 324 ; s. 66 
alba, 247. 325 ; *-. 66 
blana, s. 66 
cseca, 247 ; s. 67 
cinerea, s. 66 
flavescens, 247 : s. 66 
fuliginosa, 247- 326 ; s. 66 
oxyura, s. 66 
pathyura, s. 66 
punctata, 247 ; *• 66 
vermicularis, 247 ; s. 66 
Amphisbcena, blind, s. 67 
white, 325 ; s. 66 
Amphiuma, 411. 474 ; s. 109 

means, 411. 474 ; s. 109 
tridactylum, 411.475; s. 109 
Anacondo, 253 
Ancistodon, s. 79 
Anguis, 241, 242, 243. 306 ; s. 74 
alba, s. 91 
ater, 251 ; s. 75 
bipes, 161 ; s. 74 
calamaria, s. 91 
clivica, 244 ; s. 74 
corallinus, 251. 327 ; s. 75 
crocotatus, s. 77 
erix, 244 ; s. 74 
fragilis, 244. 306 ; s. 74 
granulatus, 264 
laticauda, «. 98 
lineata, s. 74 
lumbricalis, 248 
maculatus, 251 
melanosticus, .?. 75 
Meleagris, 245 ; s. ^6 
platurus, 280 
quadrupes, 159. 240 
reticulatus, 248 ; s. 76 
rufa, s. 75 
seytale, 251 ; 9. 75 



REPTILIA. 



133 



Anguis striatus, vol. ix ; «. 75 

tessellatus, 251 ; s. 75 

ventralis, 243 ; s. 65 

vermicularis, 247 

zyphura, 264 ; s. 98 
Anilius, 250 ; s. 75 

corallinus, s. 75 

latta, s. 75 

maculatus, s. 75 

melanotis, s. 75 

melaustictus, s. 75 

rufus, s. 75 

scytale, s. 75 
Anolis, 137. 205. 227 ; s. 46 

bimaculata, s. 46 

Cuvierii, s. 46 

Edwardsii, 228; s. 46 

equestris, s. 46 

gracilis, s. 46 

lineatus, s. 46 

podargicus, s. 46 

punctatus, s. 46 

velifer, s. 46 

violaceus, s. 46 

viridis, «. 46 
Anolis of Carolina, 139 

Cuvier's, s- 4G 

de terre, 158 

dotted, s. 46 

Edwards, s. 46 

equestrian, s. 46 

gigantesque, 157 ; s. 68 

gouty, s. 46 

great-crested, 138 

green, s. 46 

lined, s. 46 

marbre, 158 ; s. 68 

parce, s. 68 

pave, 157 

roquet, 138 

slender, s. 46 

small-crested, 138 

striped, 139 

two-spotted, s. 46 

violet, s. 46 

with white points, 140 
Anolius, 137; s. 46 

equestris, 138 

gracilis, 140 

Leachianus, 145 

velifer, 138 

viridis, 140 
Aquaquetzpallia, 132 
Ascalabotes, 140 

stenodactylus, s. 49 
Aspic of Cleopatra, 275 

of Egypt, 275 
Aspidura brachyorrhis, .?. 92 
Aspis, 270 ; s. 83 



Aspis Cleopatrae, vol. ix ; s. 81 

ocellata, s. 81 
Asterodactylus, s. 105 
Atractos, s. 91 

trilineatus, s. 91 
Atropos, s. 79 

puniceus, s. 80 
Auletris, s. 101 
Axolotl, 411 ; s. 108 

common, s. 108 
Axolotls, 41 1 



Basilisk, 226 

banded, s. 45 
mitred, s. 45 

Basilisks, 134 

Basiliscus, 134 ; s. 45 

Americanus, s. 45 
vittatus, s. 45 

Bathrops, 267 

Batracians, 5 

Batrachia, 5 

Berus, 271 ; s. 81 

ammodytes, s. 82 
vulgaris, s. 82 

Bimane wormlike, s. 66 

Bipede cannele, 163 

lepidopode, 160 

Bipedes, 160 

Bipeds, 240 

Bipes, 1 60 ; *. 73. 74 
anguinus, s. 74 
Fraseri, s. 73 
lepidopus, s. 74 
lineata, s. 73 

Bipes Brasilian, s. 73 
Cape, s. 74 
Eraser's, s. 73 
New Holland, s. 73 

Blindworm American, s. 74 
common, s. 74 
Otto's, s. 74 

Boa, 251. 327 ; ?. 96 
aculeata, s. 82 
albicans, 257 
amethystina, 257 
anacondo, 253 ; s. 96 
Antarctica, s. 82 
aquatica, 253 ; s. 96 
canina, 254 ; s. 96 
carinata, 255 ; s. 9^ 
castanea, 257 
cenchris, 253 ; s. 96 
cenchrya, 254 ; s. 96 
conica, s. 97 
constrictor, 253 ; s. 96 
contortrix, s. 85 
elegans, 254; s. 97 



134 



INDEX. 



Boa empereur, vol. ix. 253 ; s. 96 
fasciata, 279 
hipnale, 254 ; s. 96 
horatta, 278 ; s. 82 
hortulana, 254 ; s. 96 
krait, s. 82 
latotecta, s. 95 
lateristriga, s. 96 
lineata, 279 
Merremii, 254 
murina, 253 ; s. 96 
mutus, s. 79 
ocellata, 255 ; s. 97 
orbiculata, 25? ; s. 97 
ordinata, 257 
ornata, s. 97 
palpebrosa, 277 ; «• 82 
porcaiia, ,?. 85 
regia, s. 97 
reticulata, 257 ; s. 97 
rhombeata, 257 ; s. 97 
scytale, 253; s. 96 
Tarlarica, s. 98 
viperina, 255 ; s. 97 
Boas, 251 
Boicininga, 345 
Boiquira, 345 
Bojobi, 253 

Bombina obstetricans, s. 103 
Bombinator, 402 ; .<;. 104 
Daudini, 5. 104 
igneus, s. 104 
Bong bleu, 279 
Bongare a anneaux, 279 
Boodroopam, 269 
Bora, 257 ; s. 97 
Bothrops, s. 79 

furia, s. 79 
leucostigma, s. 79 
leucurus, s. 80 
Megaera, s. 79 
suruacea, s. 79 
tseniatus, s. 79 
Brachycephalus, 403 ; s. 104 
Brachylopus, 129 ; s. 37 

fasciatus, 5. 37 
Brachyorrhos, s. 91 
albus, s. 91 
badius, s. 91 
brachyurus, s. 91 
decussatus, s. 91 
dimidiatus, s. 91 
flammigerus, s. 91 
Kuhlii, s. 91 
schach, s. 91 
torquatus, s. 91 
trilineatus, «. 91 
Brachypus, 162; s. 66 

abdoniinalis, ,9. 66 



Brachypu, common, vol. ix ; s. 66 

Breviceps, 403; s. 104 
albifrons, s. 104 
gibbosus, s. 104 
globosus, s. 104 
granosus, s. 104 
Surinamensis, s. 104 
marmoratus, «. 104 

Brodro pam, s. 80 

Bronchocela, s. 55 

Bufo, 398. 451 ; s. 102 

acutirostris, 402 ; s. 103 
agua, 402 ; s. 103 
albifrons, s. 104. 403 
Bengalensis, 402 ; s. 103 
bombina, 402 
calamita, 461 ; s. 103 
chlorogaster, s. 103 
cinereus, s. 102 
cinctus, 402; s. 103 
clamosus, s. 103 
cognatus, s. 103 
cruciatus, s, 103 
cyanophlyctis. s. 100 
ephippium, s. 104 
flaviventris, s. 103 
fuscus, s. 103. 399 
gibbosus, 403 ; s. 104 
globulosus, 403 ; s. 104 
granulosus, 402 ; s. 103 
ictericus, 401 ; s. 103 
levis, s. 104 
Lazarus, 401 ; 5. 103 
raaculiventris, 401 ; k. 103 
margaritiferus, s. 104 
marinus, s. 103 
melanostrictus, s. 103 
musicus, 402. 463; a-. 103 
nasicus, 402 
nasutus, 402 

obstetricans, 400. 462 ; s. 103 
Palmarum, 401 
prsetextatvis, s. 103 
proboscideus, 402 ; s. 103 
pustulosus, s. 103 
Roeselii, s. 103 
roseus, s. 103 
rudibunda, s. 100 
salsus, s. 103 
scaber, 401 ; s. 103 
Schreberianus, s. 10.3 
semilineatus, 402; s. 103 
spinosus, 462 
sitibundus, s. 103 
stellatus, 401 ; s. 103 
variabilis, s. 103 
ventricosus, 402 ; s. 104 
viridis, s. 103 
vulgaris, s. 103 



REPTILIA. 



135 



Bumbos, vol. ix. 193 

Bungari, 279 

Bungarum pamma, 279 

Bungarus, 259. 279. 385 ; n. 95 
annularis, s. 95 
cseruleus, s. 95 
filiformis, 259 ; i. 93 
filum, s. 94 
semifasciatus, s. 95 



Cecilia, 281.386; *. 109, 110 
albiventris, 283; s. 110 
annulata, 283, 284; s. 110 
bivittata, 284 ; s. IIO 
glutinosa, 284 ; *. 110 
hypocyana, s. 110 
interrupta, 283; s. 110 
lumbricoides, 284 ; s. 110 
nasuta, *. 110 
rostrata, 284; s. 110 
tentaculata, s. 110 

Csecilia, annulated, 283 
bearded, s. 110 
glutinous, 284 ; 6. 110 
interrupted-ringed, s. 110 
Javanese, «. 110 
ringed, s. 110 
sharp-nosed, s. 110 
tentaculated, 283 
two-banded, s. 110 
wormlike, s. 110 

Caiman, 105 

Calamaria, s. 91 

Calamita, 396 ; s. 101 

bilineatus, s, 101 
boans, 5. 101 
Carolinensis, s. 102 
cinerea, s. 101. 102 
maximus, s, 101 
melanorabdotus, 4. 102 
Surinamensis, s. 102 

Caliscertula, 211 

Calotes, 126 ; s. 55 

gutturosa, .$. 56 
lepidogaster, 127 ; s. 56 
ophiomachus, s. 55 
Tiedemanni, s. 55 
tympanistra, s. 56 

Calotes, armed, s. 56 
blue, s. 55 
common, s. 55 
Indian, s. 55 
Kuhl's, s. 56 
long-legged, s. 56 
smaller, s. 55 

Cameleo trapes, 153 

Cameleonians, 152 



Caretta nasicornis, vol. ix ; s. 21 
Cascavela, 345 
Cataphracta, s. 2 
Caudisona, 267 ; s. 78 
Causus, s. 83 
Cayman, s. 21 

pike-muzzled, 106. 197 

spectacled, 105. 198 

with osseous-eyelids, 107. 200 
Caymans, 105. 196 
Cecelia, 159 
Cenchris, 255 ; s. 79. 97 

mockeson, s. 79 

ocellatus, s. 97 

regia, s. 97 
Centropyx, 115 

intermediate, s. 31 

spurred, s. 31 

striated, s. 31 
Cerapes carinata, s. 92 
Cerastes, 271 ; «. 81 

plicatus, s. 96 
Ceratophris, 395 
Ceratophys, s. 101 

boiei, s. 101. 104 

clypeata, 395 ; s. 101 

cornula, s. 101 

Daudini, 395 

dorsata, 395 ; 101 

granosa, 395 ; s. 101 

granulata, s. 104 

montana, s. 101 

scutata, s. 101 

Spixii, 395; s. 101 ^ 

varius, 395 ; s. 101 
Cerberus, 257 
Chalcide, 162; s. 66 

monodactyle, 162 
Chalcides flavescens, s. 66 

monodactylus, 162; s. 66 

tridactylus, «. 66 

zygnis, s. 72 
Chalcides, 161. 240; s. 65 

annulated, s. 66 

common, s. 65 
Chalcis, 162 ; s. 66 
Chamaeleopsis, s. 45 

Hernandesii, s, 45 
Chamaesaura, 160 ; s. ^3 

cophias, 162 ; «. 66 

propus, 163 ; s. 66 
Chamelion, 232 

dwarf, 154 

of Molucca, with forked nose, 
155 

of Senegal, 154 
Chameleons, 152 
Chameleo, 152 

bifidus, s. 54 



136 



INDEX. 



Chameleo bifurcus, vol. ix. 155. 237 ; *• 
45 

bilobus, 155; s. 53 

Brookesii, s. 53 

carinatus, 153 

cucullatus, s. 54 

dilepis, 155. 237; s. 53 

fimbriatus, s. 53 

gymnocephalus, s. 53 

lateralis, s. 53 

margaritaceus, 154 ; s. 53 

monilifer, s. 53 

Ovvenii, s. 54 

pardalis, 154 ; *. 53 

Parsonii, 155 ; s. 54 

planiceps, 154; s. 53 

pinnu!us> 154 

pumillus, s. 53 

Seichellensis, 154 

Senegalensis, s. 53 

subcioceus, 153 

superciliaris, s. 53 

tigris, 153 ; s. 53 

verrucosus, 154; s. 53 

vulgaris, s. 53 
Chameleon, s. 52 

banded, s. 53 

Brookesii, s. 53 

Cape, s. 53 

common, 153 ; s. 53 

eared, 5. 53 

hooded, s. 54 

panther, s. 53 

Parson's, s. 54 

Senegal, s. 53 

streaked-sided, «. 53 

three-horned, «. 54 

two-horned, s. 54 
Champses, 102 
Chaunus marmoratus, s. 104 
Chelodina, 12; s. \o 

longicollis, s. 15 
Chelonia, 4. 14 ; s. 20 

caretta, s. 20 

coriacea, «. 20 

imbricata, s. 21 

lachrymata, 15 ; s. 20 

maculosa, 15 ; s. 20 

Mydas, «. 20 

olivacea, s. 20 

radiata, 16; s. 20 

virgata, IG ; ,■>. 20 
Chelonians, 4. 81 
Chelonura, 13 
Chelydes, 17 
Chelydra, 13 ; i, 14 

lacertina, *. 14 

serpentina, s. 14 
Chelys, 17 ; s. 14 



Chelys Adansonii, vol. ix ; s. 15 

castaneus, s. 14 

Cayennensis, s. l^ 

depressa, 5. 16 

Dumeriliana, s. \^ 

expansa, s. l^ 

fimbriata, s. 17 

lata, s. 17 

longicollis, s. 15 

Macquarii, s. 15 

Matamata, s. 17 

planiceps, s. 16 

radiolata, s. 16 

rufipes, s. 16 

subrufa, s. 15 

viridis, s. 16 
Chelys, Adanson's, s. lo 

Cape, s. 15 

Cayenne, s. 17 

chestnut, s. 14 

Demerara, s. 1 7 

depressed, «. 16 

Dumeril's, s. 17 

expanded, s. 17 

flat-headed, s. 16 

green, *. 16 

long-necked, s. 15 

Macquarie's, «. 15 

radiated, s. 16 

red-footed, s. 16 
Chersina, s. 5 

angulata, s. 5 
Chersine, 9 
Chersydrus, 281 ; s. 99 

granulatus, «. 99 
Chirotes, 162 ; s. 66 
Chlorosoma viridissima, s 90 
Chlamydosaurus, 217 ; •5- 60 
Chrysodonta larvseformis, 411. 474; *•. 

109 
Chysopelea, s. 94 

Paradisi, s. 94 

rhodopleura, s. 94 
Cicigna, 159. 240 ; «. 63 

Burnettii, 240 

Madagascariensis, s. 64 

sepiformis, s. 63 
Cicigna, common, s. 63 

Madagascar, s. 64 

smooth, s. 63 
Cista sternalis, 404 : . 

Cistuda, 13. 77- 80 ; i-. 7 

Amboinensis, «. 7 

Carolinae, s 7 

Europea, s. 7 

odorata, «. 13 

trifasciata, s. 7 
Cla.'Iia, i. 89 

aurora, s. 90 



REPTILIA. 



137 



Clselia dorsata, ix. s. 90 ^ 

melanocephala, s. 90 

occipitalis, s. 90 
Clamydosaurus, 247 ; •s. 60 

Kingii, s. 60 
Clothonia, s. 98 
Cobra, 270 

di capello, 274. 376 
Coclopeltis lacertina, s. 94 

tigrina, s. 94 
Colobus, 162 ; s. 66 

Daudini, s. 66 
Coluber, 256. 330 ; s. 85 

acuminatus, s. 93 

seneus, s. 96 

sestivus, s. 86 

.ffisculapii, s. 87. 89 

Africanus, s. 90 

agilis, s. 89 

ahaetula, 259 ; s. 93 

albus, s. 91 

alvearius, *. 92 

ambiguus, s. 79 

ammobates, s. 88. 90 

ammodytes, 271 ; s. 82 

anastomosatus, s. 86 

angulatus, 5. 96 

annulatus, s. 90 

aspis, 5. 82 

atratus, 264 

atriventer, s. 88, 89 

atrofuscus, s. 90 

atropos, s. 81 

atrovirens, 262 ; 5. 87 

atrox, «. 79. 95 

audax, s. 92 

aulicus, 5. 92 

aurora, s. 90 

Austriacus, 262. 335 

azureus, s. 87 

baliedeira, 5. 91 

barbarus, s. 8^ 

berus, 270. 272. 354 ; s. 82 

bicarinatus, s. 89 

bicinctus, s. 90 

bilineatus, s. 87- 91 

binatus, s. 89 

bitis, s. 81 

boaeformis, 257 ; 97 

Boddartii, s. 90 

Borealis, s. 85 

bracyui-us, «. 91 

Bramminus, s. 86 

Brasiliensis, «. 81 

buccatus, s. 95 

bucephalus, 259 ; s. 95 

cacodaemon, s. 80 

caeruleus, 5. 94 

calamaria, .s. 91 
Ciw. Index. 



Coluber cancellatus, ix. s. 88. 92 
candidus, s. 95 
caninana, s. 87 
canus, s. 87, 88 
capistratus, s. 87 
capite niger, s. 90 
capite triangularis, s. 80 
Caracaras, 259 ; s. 93 
carinatus, s. 89 
carinicaudatus, s. 95 
castaneus, s. 83 
catenulatus, 260 
catenularis, s. 92 
Catesbii, s. 95 
caudiolus, s. 90 
cenchoa, «. 95 
cerastes, 271 ; 5. 81 
Cerberus, 257 ; s. 95 
chersea, 272 ; s. 82 
cinerascens, s. 88 
Clselia, s. 89 
clamacophorus, s. 88 
cobella, 5. 90 
coccineus, s. 94 
compressus, s. 95 
conspicillatus, s. 88 
constrictor, 335 ; s. 85 
corais, s. 87 
cornutus, s. 81 
coronatus, s. 8^ 
crassicaudatus, s. 90 
crucifer, s. 88 ; 93 
cyaneus, s. 87 
deccrus, 259 ; s. 94 
dictyodes, s. 90 
dimidiatus, s. 91 
doliatus, s. 90 
domicella, 5. 83 
domicellarum, s. 83 
dora, 5. 86 
dubius, s. 81 
Egypticus, s. 81 
elaphis, «. 87 
elegans, s. 94 
Epidaurius, s. 90 
erythrogrammus, s. 96 
erythrogaster, s. 86 
Esculapii, 263 
fasciolatus, s. 92 
fasciatus, 5. 86 
flavescens, 264 ; s. 87 
flavilineatus, s. 88 
flavius, 276 
fovmosus, s. 89 
fulgidus, 260 ; s. 93 
fuliginosus, .v. 87 
fuscus, .?. 89 
Galathea, .?. 92 
Gallicus, 5. 93 



138 



INDEX. 



Coluber geminiatus, ix. ,s, 88 
GeofFroyii, s. 87 
getulus, s. 87 
Girondicus, 262 ; s. 93 
glaucus, s. 97 
grammineus, s. 80 
haemachates, 273 
haje, 274 ; s. 83 
halvs, s. 80 
Hebe, s. 92 
Hebriacus, s. 81 
Helena, s. 88 
lieterodon, s. 85 
hippocrepis, s. 8^ 
hitambocia, .5. 90 
horridus, 263 
humanus, .s. 87 
hybridus, s. 85 
hydrus, s. 8ij 
ibibcea, s. 94 
ignobilis, s. 90 
inornatus, s. 88 
intumescens, s. 81 
jaculatrix, 263 
janthinus, 263 ; s. 90 
Jara, s. 96 

Javanicus, 257. 330 ; s. 97 
koiTos, s. 88 
lacertina, s. 94 
lacteus, 276 ; s. 83 
Isevicollis, s- 89 
laevis, s. 91 
lanceolatus, s. 79 
laticaudatus, 275 ; s. 84 
Latonius, 276 ; 5. 84 
latratus, s. 83 
lebetinus, s. 80 
lemniscatus, 275 ; .s. 83 
leucocephalus, s. 92 
leuconielas, s. 87 
Lichtensteinii, 5. 87 
lineatus, 263 ; s, 90 
lineolatus, s. 94 
Linnaei, s. 91. 96 
liocercus, .s. 93 
lubricus, 276 ; s. 84 
lumbricoides, s. 91 
lutrix, s. 89 
macrorhiiius, 5. 92 
maculosa, s. 91 
malignus, s. 92 
malpolon, s. 86 
margaritaceus, s. 88 
INIaximiliana, s. 92 
Megaera, s. 79 
Meifrenii, s. 87 
melanocephalus, .t. 90 
melanopis, 5. 88 
melanurus, s. 88 



Coluber Meleagris, ix. s. 90 
Meridionalis, s. 91 
Merremii, s. 90 
mikani, s. 94 
miliaris, s. 90 
minoclironis, s. 87 
monilis, s. 95 
molurus, s. 96 
multipunctata, s. 91 
murovum, s. 85 
Naia, 274 ; s. 83 
nasicornis, s. 81 
nasutus, 260 ; s. 93 
natrix, 261. 333; s. 85 
Nattereri, s. 94 
nebulatus, s. 95 
Nicandri, s. 90 
Novae Hispanicae, s. 87 
nympha, 5 89 
Bahaiensis, s. 87 
obscurus, s. 88 
octolineatus, s. 91 
Olfersii, s. 8^ 
olivaceus, 5. 87 
Oppelii, s. 85. 88 
ordinatus, s. 86 
Orientalis, s. 90 
ornatus, 5. 94 
oxycephalus, s. 88 
paecilogyvus, s. 89 
paecilostoma, s. 86 
palustris, s. 86 
Farias, s. 88 
parietalis, s. 86 
personatus, s. 87 
Peruvianus, s. 87. 95 
pethola, 5. 90. 92 
pictus, s. 94 
pileatus, s. 87 
plicatus, 5. 96 
plumbeus, s. 87 
Plutonicus, s. 87 
porcatus, s. 86 
porphyraceus, s. 83 
prester, 273 ; s. 82 
proximus, s. 86 
pseudo-echidna, s. 85 
puUatus, s. 87 
punctatus, s. 87 
purpurascens, s. 93 
pyrrhonotus, s. 89 
quadricarinatus, s. 80 
radiatus, «. 88 
raninus, s. 90 
reginae, 263 ; s. 90 
reticulata, s. 91 
rhabdocephalus, ,5. 88 
rhombeatus, s. 91. 94 
rufescens, «. 90 



REPTILIA. 



130 



Coluber rufulus, ix. s. 90 
Russellii, s. 81. 92 
Saturninus, s. 88 
saurocephalus, s. 88 
scalaris, s. 87 
scandens, s. 94 
schokari, s. 94 
scurrula, s. 8^ 
Sebae, s. 97 
serpentinus, s. 90 
severus, s. 88 
sexcarinatus, s. 89 
sibilans, 264 ; s. 8G. 93 
Siculus, 261 
simus, s. 85 
stolatus, s. 86 
subcinctus, x. 92 
subfuscus, s. 89 
subirides, s. 86 
subminiatus, s. 86 
Sumatranus, s. 80 
Surinamensis, 5. 84 
taeniolatus, s. 91 
trilineatus, 264 
tessellatus, s. 91 
Tisiphone, 268 ; « 79 
trabalis, s. 87, 88 
trianguliferus, *■. 86 
triangulum, s. 87 
tricolor, s. 88 
trigonocephalus, s. 80 
trinoculus, s. 81 
triseriatus, 5. 81 
tristis, 5. 94 

trivirgatus, s. 88 

typhlus, s. 90 

Tyria, s. 94 

variabilis, s. 86. 87 

varius, s. 96 

venustissima, s. 89 

versicolor, s. 88 

vip. nigrum, 273 ; s. 83 

vipera, s. 81 

viperinus, 261 ; s. 85, 86 

virgulata, s. 91 

viridicseruleus, s. 87 

viridiflavus, s. 87 

viridissimus, 263 ; s. 90 

vittatus, s. 86 

vulneratus, 5. 88 
Colubro uccellatore, 335 
Constrictor, s. 97 
Cophias, 162. 267 ; «• 72. 79 

atrox, 269 ; s. 79 

bilineatus, 269 ; s. 80 

bothrops, s. 79 

crotalinus, .s. 79 

flavesceiis, .s. 66 

furia, s. 79 



Cophias hypnale, ix. 4. 80 
jacaraca, 269 ; s. 79 

lanceolatus, ,s. ^9 

leucostigma, s. 79 
leucurus, s. 80 

Megaera, s. 79 

Neuweidii, s. 79 

punicea, s. 80 

Russellii, s. 80 

Sumatranus, s. 80 

tseniatus, s. 79 

tessellatus, s. 79 

triangulum, s. 79 

trigonocephalus, s. 80 

viridis, s. 80 

Wagleri, s. 80 
Coralle, 254 

Corallus obtusirostris, s. 97 
Cordylea, 120 
Cordylus, 118.213 

dorsalis, 119 

griseus, 119; *. 63 

lasvigatus, s. 63 

microlepidotus, 119 

niger, 119 

stellio, 214 
Coronella, 260; s. 89 

Austriaca, s. 93 

cervina, s. 86 

kotamboya, s. 90 

petolaria, s. 90 

pethola, s. 92 

tessellata, s. 86 

venustissima, s. 89 
Coui, 65 

Craspedocephalus, 268 ; s. 79 
Crest-bearer, 131 
Criket, Savannah, s. 100 
Crocodile armed, s. 23 

common, 102; s. 22 

double-created, 103, 104; .s. 22 

double- shielded, 105 

flat-headed, s. 23 

helmeted, 105 

Indian, s. 22 

intermediate, s. 23 

lozenged, 105 

of St. Domingo, 194 

of the Nile, 102 

rhombic, s. 22 

Ruppell's, s. 22 

Siam, s. 22 

slender-muzzled, 104 

two-shielded, s. 22 

West Indian, s. 22 

with armed-nape, 105 
Crocodiles, 98. 102. 184 

Egyptian, 190 
Crocodilians, 98 
T 2 



140 



INDEX. 



Crocodilurus, ix. Ill 

Amazonicus, 112; s. 20 

ocellatus, 5. 29 
Crocodilus, 98 ; s. 21, 22 

acutus, 104 ; s. 22 

biporcatus, 103 ; s. 22 

biscutatus, 105 ; s. 22 

cataphractus, 105 ; s. 23 

complanatus, 103 

Cuvieri, s. 21 

fissipes, 106 

galeatus, 105 ; s. 22 

Gangeticus, s. 23 

intermedius, s. 23 

iacunosus, 103 

longirostris, 200 

lucius, 106. 197; s. 21 

marginatus, 103 

octophractus, s. 22 

palpebrosus, 107. 200 ; s. 21 

planirostris, s. 23 

punctulatus, 106 

rhombifer, 105; s. 22 

sclerops, 105. 198; s. 21 

suchus, 103 

tenuirostris, 101. 201; s. 23 

trigonatus, 107 ; s. 21 

vulgaris, s, 22 
Crocodilea, 120 
Crotalophorus, 267 ; s. 78 

miliaris, s. 78 
Crotalus, 266. 336 ; s. 78 

atricaudatus, s. 78 

cascavella, s. 78 

C'atesbii, s. 78 

confluentus, s. 78 

durissus, 267. 346 ; 5. 78 

Dryinus, s. 78 

horridus, 267. 345 ; s. 78 

Loeflingii, s. ^8 

miliaris, 267. 348 ; s. ^8 

mutus, 268 ; s. 79 

rhombifer, s. 78 

strepitans, s. 78 

tergeminus, s. 78 

triseriatus, s. 78 
Cryptobranchus, 410 
Ctenosaura, s. 37 

acanthura, s. 38 

armata, s. 38 

Bellii, s. 38 

cycluroides, s. 37 

lanceolata, s. 38 

similis, s. 38 
Curuacea, s. 79 
Curucu, 463 
Cyclodus, s. 67 

flavigularis, .s. 67 
Cyclura, *. 37- 39 



Cyclura carinata, ix. 134; s. 39 

nubila, s. 39 

Shawii, s. 38 

teres, s. 39 
Cylindrophis, s. 75 

melanotis, s. 75 

resplendens, s. 75 
Cynosaura, s. 62 

punctata, s. 62 
Cyrtodactyle, beautiful, *. 51 ' 

Brasilian, s. 52 

eyed, s. 51 

flat-tailed, 5. 52 

marbled, i. 51 

Nilius's, s. 52 

piping, 5. 52 
Cyrtodactylus, s. 51 

ocellatus, «. 51 

pipiens, s. 52 

platura, s. 52 

pulchellus, s. 51 

Spixii, s. 52 
Cyrtophanes, s. 55 

cristatus, s. 55 
Cystignathus, «. 100 

mystaceus, s. 100 

pachypus, s. 100 

pygmaeus, s. 100 

Daboia, s. 81 
Dactylethra, 396; s. 104 
Dacypeltis scaber, i. 85 
Delma, s. 73 
Dendrophis, 259 ; s. 94 

ahaetula, s. 93 

chaireacos, s. 94 

formosa, s. 94 

liocercus, «. 93 

maniar, s. 94 

picta, s. 94 

polychroa, s. 94 

scandens, s. 94 

tristis, s. 94 
Devin, 253; s. 96 
Dipsas, 259 ; s. 95 

bucephalus, s. 95 

carinata, s. 94 

Catesbii, s. 95 

cenchoa, s. 95 

compressus, «. 95 

cynodon, «. 95 

dendrophila, s. 95 

Drapiezii, s. 95 

Indica, 259 ; s. 95 

irregularis, s. 95 

multomaculata, s. 95 

nebulatus, s. 95 

Savignii, «. 95 

Schokari, s. 94 



REPTILIA. 



141 



Dipsas Scholtii, ix. s. 88 
trigonatus, s. 95 

Disteyre, 280 

Distera doliatus, s. 98 

Disteria valakadin, s. 99 

Doryphorus, 120 ; s. 42 
long-tailed, s. 42 
short-tailed, s. 42 

Dracaena, 203 

Draco, s. 59 

abbreviata, s. 59 
fimbriatus, s. 59 
fuscus, 223 ; s. 59 
heematopogon, s. 59 
lineatus, 222 ; s. 59 
quinquefasciatus, s. 59 
Timorensis, s, 59 
viridis, s. 59 

Dragon, banded, s. 59 

black-poucbed, «. 59 
brown, 223 
flying, 222 
great, 112; 5. 28 
lined, s. 59 
short-pouched, s. 59 
Timor, s. 59 
winged, 222 

Dragonne, 111 

Dragons, 98. 111. 217 

Dryinus, 260 ; s. 93 

aeneus, 260 ; s. 93 
auratus, s. 93 
nasutus, s. 93 
oxyrhinchus, s. 93 
rostratus, s. 93 

Dryophis, 260 ; s. 93 
fulgidus, s. 93 
nasutus, s. 93 
panthoraria, s. 93 
pavoninus, s. 93 
prasina, «. 93 
Russellii, s. 93 
xanthozonica, 5. 93 

Dryophyllax Nattereri, s. 94 

Duberia, 260 

arctiventris, s. 89 

Echidna, 270 ; s. 81 

arietans, s. 81 

caerulescens, 5. 97 
Echis, 255. 278 ; s. 82 

arenicola, s. 82 

krait, .?. 82 

carinata, «. 82 
Ephimotes, 136 
Eft, common, s. 106 

web-footed, s. 106 
El adda, 156 
Elaphoides fusca, s. 84 



Elaps, ix. 275. 384 ; s. 83 

anguiformis, 276 ; s. 83 
bilineatus, s. 94 
bivirgata, s. 84 
Boie, s. 84 
Duberria, s. 89 
chalybea, s. 84 
coccineus, s. 84 
collaris, s. 84 
corallinus, s. 84 
flavins, s. 84 
furcatus, s. 84 
fuscus, s. 83 
ibaboca, s. 84 
lacteus, s. 83 
Latonius, s. 84 
lemniscatus, 275. 384 ; s. 83 
lutonia, s. 89 
melanocephalus, s. 90 
micrurus, 5. 84 
octolineatus, s. 91 
plicatilis, s. 96 
Surinamensis, 276 ; s. 83 
triscalis, s. 90 
Empereur, s. 96 
Emyda, s. 19 

punctata, 5. 19 
Emydidae, 79 
Emydosauri, s, 21 
Emydosauria, 100 
Emys, 11. 71; s. 6. 8 

Adansonii, 12 ; s. 15 

Amazonica, s. \^ 

Amboinensis, s. 7 
annulifera, s. 1 2 
barbatula, s. 17 
Batagur, s. 9 
Bellii, s. 12 
bipunctata, *. 10 
bitentaculata, s. I'J 
canaliculata, 12; s. 16 
Carolinee, s. 7 
carunculata, 12; s. 16 
Caspia, s. 9 
castanea, s. 14 
crassicollis, s. 8 
Cayennensis, s. 17 
centrata, 12 
cinerea, 12 

concentrica, 12 ; s. II 
concinna, 12 
contracta, 12 
constricta, s. l^ 
couro, s. 7 
crassicollis, s. 8 
decussata, 76 ; s. 1 1 
depressa, 12 
Dhor, s. 8 
discolor, s. 16 



142 



INDEX. 



Emys dorsata, ix. 12 ; s. 10 
erythrocephala, s. 17 
Europea, 71 : s. ^ 
expansa, 12 ; s. 17 
fusca, 12 

GeofFroyana, s. 16 
geographica. To ; .?. 12 
gibba, 5. 17 
guttata, s. 10 
Hamiltonii, s. 9 
Kinosternoides, s. 12 
icterocephala, s. 17 
insculpta, 12 
leprosa, 12 
Lesueurii, s. 12 
lineata, s. 9 
longicollis, 1 2. 76 
lutaria, 12. 76 
lutescens, 12 
Macquarii, 12 ; s. 15 
marmorea, s. 10 
Maximiliana, 5. 17 
Muhlenbergii, s. 10 
nasuta, 12 
occilifera, .9. 9 
occipitalis, 75 
odorata, 12 ; s. 13 
olivacea, s. 15 
ornata, 76 ; s. 12 
Pennsylvanica, a. 13 
picta, 73 ; i. 10 
planiceps, 12 
platicephala, 12 
pseudogeographica, 12 
piilchella, 12 
punctata, 12 
punctularia, s. 10 
radiolata, s. 16 
reticulata, 12; «. 11 
rubriventris, 12 
rugosa, s. 12 
scabra, 12; s. 10 
scrip ta, 12 ; s. 11 
scorpoides, s. 13 
Senegalensis, 12 
serpentina, s. 14 
serrata, 12. 76 ; s. 11 
speciosa, s. 10 
Spengleri, s. 8 
spinosa, s. 8 
stenops, s. IG 
subrufa, 12 
tecta, s. 9 
thuryi, s. 8 
tracaxa, s. 17 
trifasciata, s. 7 
tritentacula, 12 
triporcata, s. 13 
viridis, s. 16 



Emys vittata, ix. «. 11 

vulgaris, s. & 
Enaliosauri, s. 23 
Euchydus piscator, s. 86 
Engyrus, s. 97 
Engystoma, 396. 403 ; s. 104 

dorsatum, 403 ; s. 104 

granosum, 403 ; s. 104 

marmoratum, 403 ; s. 104 

ovale, 403 ; s. 104 

ovalis, 

Surinamensis, 403 

ventricosum, 403 ; s. 104 
Enhydres, 264 
Ephimotes, s. 41 
Epicrates, s. 96 

cencliria, s. 96 
Epicrium, s. 110 

Hasseltii, 5. 110 
Erpetodryas, s. 89 

exoletus, s. 89 

laevicollis, s. 89 
Erpeton tentacule, 256 
Erpetons, 256 
Erythrolampus, s. 89 

formosus, s. 89 
Erix, 255 ; s. 98 
Eryx anguiformis, s. 98 

Braminus, 248 ; s. 76 

jaculus, s. 98 

Indica, s. 98 

melanostictus, s. 75 

Meleagris, s. T6 

rufus, s. 75 

Turcica, s. 98 
Etrobenae, 166 
Eublepharis, s. 49 

Hardwickii, s. 49 
Eubydris rhynchops, s. 95 
Eumerodes, 165. 220 
Eunectes, s. 96 

lateristrigota, s. 96 

murina, s. 96 
Exypuestes, s. 29 

Famo-cantrata, 149 
Father of the leprosy, 148 
Frog, Argus, s. 100 

bell, 446 

blue and yellow, 397 

blue tree, s. 102 

bull, 394. 445 

common, 393. 443; s. 100 

green, 392. 442 ; s. 100 

grunting, s. 100 

land, 5. 103 ; 

paradoxical, 393 

shad, 445 ; s. 100 



REPTILIA. 



143 



Frog spring, ix. s. 100 
tinging, 397 
tree, 396. 449 
zebra, 397 

Frogs, 390. 422 



Galleywasp, 239 

banded, s. 71 
Bell's, s. 70 
black-spotted, s. 69 
common, s. 69 
coppery, s. 70 
double streaked, s. 70 
doubled, s. 69 
eyed, s. 68 
fine-scaled, s. 71 
five-lined, s. 69 
four-lined, s. ^\ 
Lacepede's, s. 69 
large, s. 68 
lateral, s. 70 
many-scaled, s. 68 
red-headed, ,?. 70 
ribbon, s. 68 
seven-striped, s. 69 
thin-scaled, s. 71 
two coloured, s. 70 

Gariocephalus, s. 55 

Gavial, common, s. 23 
great, 200 
little, 101. 201 
of the Ganges, 101 

Gavialis, s. 23 

Gangeticus, s. 23 

Gavials, 101. 200 

Gecko, 144 ; s. 48 

aculeatus, 146 ; s. 51 
^gyptiacus, 144 
ascolobates, s. 50 
fasoicularis, 143. 146 
guttata, s. 48 
inunguis, 142 ; s. 47 
Leachianus, s. 49 
levis, 147. 229 
lobatus, 148 
Mabuia, 146 ; ,s. 51 
Madagascariensis, .s. 49 
marginatus. 147 
rapicauda, ] 48 
Reevesii, s. 48 
squatydus, 148 
spinicauda, 230 
trihedrus, s. 51 
verrucosus, s. 50 
verruculatus, 146 
vittatus, s. 49 

Gecko, American, s. 48 
annulaire, s. 48 



Gecko annulated, ix. s. 48 

a queue epineuse, 147 

a tubercules triedres, 147 

banded, 144 ; s. 49 

cepedian, 143 

Chinese, s. 48 

common, s. 48 

fasciculated, s. 48 

fringed, 149 

Hardwicke's, s. 49 

Horsfield's, s. 49 

house, 148. 231 

Leach's, s. 49 

Mabuia, s. 51 

Madagascar, s. 49 

Peruvian, 149 

porphyre, 150 

sarroube, s. 50 

smooth, 147. 229 

spitting-banded, 150 

of Surinam, 148 

tuberculous, 119 

wall, 143. 229 

warty, s. 50 
Geckos, 228. 140 
Geckotians, 140 
Geckotte, 119. 143 
Geitje, 229 
Gemmatophora, s. 59 

barbata, s. 60 

muricata, s. 60 
Gemmatophore bearded, s. 60 

muricated, s. 60 
Geosaurus, 140 
Gerrhonote, blue, s. 64 

Burnet's, s. 64 

Depp's, s. 64 

imbricate, s. 64 

retired, s. 64 

rough-necked, s. 64 

smooth-headed, s. 65 
Gerrhonotus Burnettii, s. 64 

caeruleus, s. 64 

Deppii, s. 64 

leiocephalus, s. 05 

imbricatus, s. 64 

rudicollis, s. 64 

taeniatus, s. 64 
Gerrhosaurus, s. 63 

flavigularis, s. 63 
Goitreux, 114 
Gonocephala, 128 
Gonyodactylus, s. 51 

marmoratus, s. 51 
Gonyosoma viride, s. 88 
Gongylophis, s. 97 
Guana, allied, s. 38 

armed, s. 38 

banded, s. 37 



144 



INDEX. 



Guana, Bell's, ix. s. 38 

black, s. 37 

clouded, s. 39 

common, s. 36 

cycluroid, s. 3^ 

keeled, s. 39 

lancet-toothed, s. 38 

rough-headed, s. 37 

round, s. 39 

smooth-necked, s. 37 

spiny-tailed, ,s. 38 
Gymnodactylus, 151 ; s. 51 

geckoides, 151 ; s. 52 
Gymnotholamus, s. 71 

quadrilineatus, s. 71 
Gyrinus, s. 108 



Hsemacates, s. 83 
Hardun, 120 
Haje, 274. 376 
Hellbender, 410 

large, 5. 109 
Hemidactyle, margined, s. 51 
Hemidaotylus, 146 ; s. 50 

granosus, s. 51 

marginatus, s. 51 
Hemiphractus Spixii, s. 101 
Herpeton, s. 99 

tentaculatus, s. 99 
Herpotodryas, s. 89 
Heterodactyle Spix's, s. 66 
Heterodactylus, s. 66 

imbricatus, 162; s. 66 
Heterodermata, 286 
Heterodon, 258 ; s. 85 

nasua, s. 85 

platyrhynchos, s. 85 

simus, s. 85 

noiratre, 258 

tachete, 258 
Hognose, 258 
Holoderma, s. 28 

horridum, s. 28 
Homalopsis, 260 ; s. 95 

asperus, s. 96 

carinicaudatus, s. 95 

erythrogrammicus, s. 95 

Jara, s. 96 

moluroides, s. 96 

obtusatus, 257 ; s- 95 

plumbea, s. 96 

rhynchops, s. 95 
Homalosoma arctiventris,. .<;. 89 

punctatum, s. 89 
Homodermata, 286 
Horatta, 278 
Hurria, 258 ; x. 89 

carinata, s. 92 



Hurria bilineata, ix. s. 89 

nympha, s. 89 

pseudotriga, s. 95 
Hyalinus, 5. 65 
Hydochthon, s. 108 
Hydras 279 
Hydraspis, 12. 76 

Adansonii. s. 15 

Cayennensis, s. 17 

depressa, s. 16 

Dumerilliana, 5. 17 

expansa, s. 17 

lata, «. 17 

Macquarii, s. 15 

pachyura, s. 17 

planiceps, s. 16 

radiolata, s. \6 

rufipes, s. 16 

subrufa, s. 15 

viridis, s. 16 
Hydrophis, 279, 280. 385; s. 98 

chloris, 386 

melanurus, 386 

nigrocinctus, 386 

obscurus, 386 
Hydrus, 279. 280. 385 ; 5. 98 

atricapillus, s. 98 

bicolor, 280 

Brugmansii, s. 98 

cserulescens, s. 98 

carinatus, s. 99 

chloris, s. 98 

cinereus, s. 95 

colubrinus, 276 ; s. 84 

curtus, 280 ; s. 99 

cyanocinctus, s. 98 

doliatus, s. 98 

fasciatus. s. 99 

gracilis, s. 98 

Isevis, s. 98 

lanceolatus, s. 98 

leiolepis, s. 98 

major, 280 ; s. 98 

melanurus, 5. 99 

nigrocinctus, s. 98 

obscurus, s. 98 

palustris, 5. 86 

piscator, s. 86 

platura, s. 98 

rhynchops, s. 95 

schistosus, s. 98 

Shawii, 5. 98 

spiralis, 280. 386 ; s. 98 

striatus, 5. 98 
Hyla, 396 ; s. 101 

abbreviata, 398; .1. 102 

affinis, 397 ; .?. 102 

albomarginata, 397: .v. 102 

arborea, «. 101 



REPTILIA. 



145 



Hyla aurantiaca, ix. s. 102 
bicolor, 397 ; s. lOl 
bifasciata, s. 102 
bilineata, 397 ; s. 101 
Blochii, s. 101 
boans, s. 101, 102 
breviata, s, 102 
Buffonia, 397 ; s. 102 
bufonoides, s. 102 
centripoda, s. 102 
cinerascens, 397; s, 102 
eyanea, 398; s. 102 
delitescens, s. 102 
erythropoda, s. 102 
femoralis, 397 ; s. 102 
frontalis, 397 ; s. 102 
Gaimardii, s. 102 
geographica, 397 ; *• 102 
hypochondrialis, s. 102 
Indica, s. 101 
intermixta, s. 102 
lactea, s. 102 

lateralis, 397. 449 ; s. 102 
Leschenaultii, s. 101 
leucophyllata, s. 102 
marmorata, 397; s. 101 
oculata, 397 
ocularis, s. 102 
palmata, 397 I s. 101 
papillaris, 397 ; «• 102 
pardalis, 397 ; s. 102 
Peronii, s. 101 
pulchra, s. 101 
Quoyii, s. 102 
ranaeformis, «. 101 
rubeola, s. 102 
ruber, 4. 102 
scelaton, s. 102 
Scychellerii, s. 101 
Seurii, 5. 102 
squirella, 398 ; 5. 102 
Surinamensis, s. 102 
tibiatrix, 450 ; s. 102 
tibiceus, 397 
tinctoria, 450 ; s. 101 
trivittata, 398 ; s. 102 
variegata, s. 102 
venulosa, 397 ; s. 101 
vermicularia, s. 101 
verrucosa, 397 ; «• 102 
violacepoda, s. 102 
viridifusca, s. 101 
viridis, s. 102 

Hylse, 448 

Hypochton, 412 



Ichthyophis, s. 110 
Ichthyosaurus, 164 ; 
Ciiv. Index. 



s. 23 



Ichthyosaurus communis, ix. s. 23 
grandipes, s. 24 

intermedius, s. 24 

latifrons, s. 24 

platydon, s. 24 

tenuirostris, s. 24 
Iguana, 131. 223 

acanthura, s. 38 

armata, s. 38 

atra, s. 37 

Belli, s. 38 

cserulea, 225 ; s. 36 

carinata, s. 39 

cornuta, 133; s. 36 

cristata, s. 37 

cyclura, 133 ; s. 39 

cycluroi'des, s. 37 

delicatissinia, 133 ; s. 37 

emarginata, s. 36 

fasciata, 225 ; s. 37 

gutturosa, s. 56 

lanceolata, s. 38 

lophyroides, s. 36 

nubila, s. 39 

nudicollis, 133 ; s. 37 

similis, s. 38 

squamosa, s. 36 

teres, s. 39 

tuberculata, 131 ; s. 36 

viridis, s. 36 
Iguana, banded, 129 

common American, 131. 223 

horned, 133, 225 

mud, s. 108 

slate coloured, 432. 225 

with armed-tail, 133 

with armed-neck, 133 
Iguane goitreux, 139 
Iguanians, 11?. 140.213 
Iguanodon, 140 
llysia, 250 ; s. 75 

rufa, s. 75 
Istiurus, 130 



Jacaratinga moschifer, 107 
Jacare, 199 
Jurura, 68 



Kalo-shouter-sun, 386 

Katla tutta, s. 92 

Kentropyx, s. 31 

calcaratus, 5. 31 
intermedius, s. 31 
striatus, s. 31 

Keril patee, 386 

Kinixys, 11. 69 ; s. f> 
Belliana, s. 6 
U 



146 



INDEX. 



Kinixys castanea, ix. 60 ; s. G 

erosa, s. 6 

homeana, s. 6 
Kinosternon, 13. 77- 79; s. 13 

Amboinense, 79 

brevicaudatum, 79 

longicaudatum, 79; s. 13 

nigricans, 79 

odoratum, s. \3 

Pennsylvanicum, 79 ; s. 13 

scorpo'ides, 5. 13 

Shawianus, 79 ; s. 13 

triporcatum, s. 13 
Kinosternon musky, s. 13 

Pennsylvanian, s. 13 

three-keeled, 5. 13 

three-ridged, s. 13 
Koscordylos, 120 



L'Atropos, 270 

La Bossue, s. 101 

La Brazilienne, 270 

La Dabore, 270 

L'Elegant, 254 

La Rouge, s. 102 

La Vipere Elegante, 270 

Lacerta, s. 31 

acanthura, s. 38 
Africana, 153; s. 53 
agilis, 116. 208. 211 
alegyra, 117 ; s. 35 
Amboinensis, 131 
Ameiva, 114. 205; s. 29 
anguina, 100 ; s. 73 
apoda, 242 ; s. 65 
arenicola, 116 
Argus, 116; s. 26 
arguta, s. 34 
aurita, s. 58 
azurea, s. 42 
Basiliscus, 134 ; s. 45 
bicarinata, 112. 204; s. 29 
bilineata, 116; s. 32 
bimaculata, 138; s. 46 
bipes, 161 ; s. 74 
bivittata, 110 
Boscii, s. 34 
bosquien, 1 16 
bullaris, 138, 139. 227 
calotes, 127 ; s. 55 
Capensis, 109; s. 27 
caudiverbera, 149; s. 50 
caudavolvula, s. 59 
chalcides, 159 
chameleon, 154 
cordylus, 119 ; s. 63 
crocodilus, 102 
cruenta, s. 34 



Lacerta Cuvieri, ix. s. 35 
cyprius 157 
dracaena. 111 ; s. 26 
Dugesii, s. 33 
Dumeiillii, s. 33 
Edwardsiana, s. 33 
exanthematica. 111 ; s. 26 
facetanus, 143. 229 
fasciata, s. 43. 69 
fusca, s. 32 
Gangetica, 101 
gecko, 148. 231 ; s. 48 
geitje, 229 
grammica, s. 35 
guttata, 129 ; s. 59 
guttulata, s. 34 
gutturosa, s. 30 
Hispanicus, s. 35 
homalocephala, 145 ; s. 49 
hyacinthina, s. 43 
iguana, 131. 223 
Jamaicensis, s. 32 
Javanica, s. 60 
Knoxii, s. 34 
Lalandii, s. 32 
lemniscata, 114; s.'SO 
lepida, s. 32 
Leschenaultii, s. 35 
litterata, 205 
lineata, s. 71 
lobata, s. 58 
lophura, s. 60 
lumbricoides, 163 ; s. 66 
marmorata, 135 ; s. 47 
monitor, s. 27 
monodactyla, 160; s. 73 
montanus, s. 35 
muralis, s. 32 
muricata, 123; s. 60 
mystacea, .s. 58 
nebulosa, 217 ; s. 39 
Nilotica, 109; s. 27 
occidua, 157. 239; s. 69 
ocellata, 116. 208; s.32 
Olivieri, s. 33 
orbicularis, 124. 216 
pardalis, s. 34 
pipiens, s. 52 
platura, 151 ; s. 52 
plica, s. 41 
pumila, 154 
quadrilineata, .s. 71 
quinquelineata, 115; s. 69 
rapicauda, 147 
rhombica, s. 32 
rubropunctata, s. 34 
salamandra, 406 ; s. 105 
sanguinolenta, s. 58 
Savignii, s. 33 



REPTILIA. 



147 



Lacerta Schreibersiana, ix. s. 32 

scincoides, 158; s. 67 

scincus, 110. 156 

scutata, 128 ; s. 54 

scutellata, s. 33 

sepium, 116 

seps, 162 : s- 63 

sericea, 116 

serpens, ] 59 ; s. 72 

sputator, 230 ; s. 52 ' - 

stellio, 120. 214 ; «. 57 

stirpium, 210 

strenuosa, 139 

striata, s. 31 

strumosa, s. 46 

superciliosa, 134 

taeniolata, s- 68 

Teguixin, 113; s. 29 

terrestris, 116 

tetradactyla, 162 ; s. 65 

Teyou, s. 31 

tiliguerta, 211 

tuberculata, 224 

Turcica, s. 50 

Uralensis, 129; s. 59 

varia, 110; s. 25 

variabilis, s. 34 

velox, 116; s. 34 

viridis, 116. 209; s. 32 

viridula, 211 

vittata, 144 

vivipara, s. 32 
Lacertians, 107. 201 
Lachesis, s. 79 

mutus, s. 79 

rhombeata, 269 ; s. 79 
Lagarto, 105 
Langalia, 278 
Le geleote, s. 56 
Lecolepis, s. 62 

guttatolineatus, s. 62 

guttatus, s. 62 

maculatus, s. 62 
Leiocephalus, s. 42 

carinatus, s. 42 
Leioceplialus, keeled, s. 42 
Leiolepis, 125 

guttatus, 125 
Leioseloma obscura, s. 98 
Lepidosoma, .s. 71 
Leposoma, 126 
Leposternons, 247 
Leposternon, s. G^ 

microcephalus, 247 ; s. 67 

oxyrhynchus, s. 6^ 
Leposternon dotted, s. 67 

sharp-nosed, s. 67 
Leptophis, ,s. 93 

mancas, s. 94 



Leyoselasme, ix, 280 
Liophis, s. 89 

Fosteri, s. 90 

miliaris, s. 90 

poecilogyrus, s. 89 

reginae, s. 90 
Lizard, Bosc's, s. 34 

Cape, s. 32 

clouded, s. 39 

common toad, s, 45 

Douglas' toad, s. 44 

Duges', s. 33 

Dumeril's, s. 33 

Edwards', s. 33 

eyed, s. 32 

frilled, s. 60 

gentil, 116 

of Gibraltar, 210 

grammic, s. 35 

great green, 116. 208 

green, s. 32 

horned toad, s. 45 

of Jamaica, 201 

Indian, s. 35 

Knox's, s. 34 

mountain, s. 35 

nimble, 211 

Olivier's, s. 33 

orbicular, s. 45 

orbicular-toad, s. 45 

of the Pandang, 144 

panther, s. 34 

red-spotted, s. 34 

Savigny's, «. 33 

scaly, 21 1 

Sclireibers'j s. 32 

scutated, s. 54 

serpent, 160 

shielded, s. 33 

Spanish, s. 35 

spotted, «. 34 

spotted green, 209 

striped, 115 

Ural toad, s. 59 

variable, s. 34 

wall, s. 32 
Lizardet, 112. 204 
Lizards, 5. 98. 115. 206 
Lophura, 130; s. 60 

Amboineusis, *% 60 

concinna, s. 61 

Cuvieri, .y. 60 

Lesueiiri, s. 60 
Lophura, beautiful, s. 61 
Lophyrus, 127 

agamoides, 217 ; *'• 41 

albomaxillaris, 127 ; ■<• -10 

auronitens, 127 

gigas, .s. 55 

u 2 



148 



INDEX. 



Lophyrus Kuhlii, ix. s. 55 

Margaritaceus, 127 ; s. 40 

ochrocollaris, 127 ; s. 40 

pantliera, 127 I s. 40 

rhombifer, 1 27 ; s. 40 

xiphurus, 134 ; .5. 40 
Lophyrus with forked-casque, 128 
Loricata, 100. 1G4 
Luchensis, 269 
Lycodon, s. 91 

aulicus, s. 92 

capucinus, s. 92 

fuliginosus, s. 92 

Galathea, s. 92 

Hebe, s. 92 

leucocephahis, s. 92 

macrorhinus, s. 92 

malignus, s. 92 

pethola, s. 92 

Russellii, s. 92 

subcinctus, 6-. 92 

unicolor, s. 92 
Lygosoma, 159 ; s. 71 

aurata, s. 72 

punctata, s. 71 

scincoi'des, s. 72 

serpens, s. 72 
Lygosoma, dotted, s. 71 

golden, .s. 72 

short-footed, ,?. 71 
Lyriocephala, 128; s. 54 

Margaritaceus, 128 



Maboina, 15(5. 158 
Mabouia, 239 

des Bananiers, 147 

des Murailles, 146 
Mabuia, 150 
Macrosoma elegans, s. 93 
Malpolon, 260 
Marble, common, s. 47 
Mastigura, .s. 61 
Matamata, 17 

Brazilian, 4'. 17 
Megaera, s. 79 

Megalophrys montana, s. 101 
Megalosaurus, 140 
Menobranchus, 412; s. 108 

Lacepedii, s. 108 

lateralis, 412; s. 108 
Menobranchus Lacepede's, s. 108 

Say's, ,s. 108 
Menopoma, 410. 475 

Alleghaniensis, s. 109 
Metaxa, s. 87 
Microps unicolor, s. 104 
Micruri, 276 
Micrurus Spixi, s. 84 



Mokeson, ix. 258 
Molge, s. 106 

gigantea, s, 109 

glutinosa, s. 106 

tridactylus, s. J 05 
Monitor, ,s. 25 

albogularis, 109; s. 28 

Bengalensis, 111 ; s. 26 

bivittatus, s. 25 

chlorostigma, .s. 26 

crocodilurus, 112. 203 

exanthematica, s. 26 

flavescens, s. 25 

heraldicus. s. 2^ 

marmoratus, 111 

nebulosus, s. 27 

nigricans, 111 

Niloticus, s. 27 

ocellatus, s. 25 

ornatus, 109 ; s. 27 

pulcher, 202 ; s. 27 

scincus, s. 27 

Timorensis, s. 26 

varius, s. 25 

viridis, s. 26 
Monitor, brown spotted, s. 26 

clouded, s. 2^ 

of Congo, 202 

double-banded, 110 ' 

of Egypt, 110 

elegant, s. 26 

eyed, s. 25 

green, s. 26 

green spotted, s. 26 

heraldic, s. 2^ 

laced, s. 25 

land, 202 

of the Nile, 109. 202; s. 27 

ornamented, s. 2^ 

Timor, s. 26 

two-banded, s. 25 

varied, s. 27 

yellowish, s. 25 
Monitors, 108. 201 
Monodactyle, Anguine, s. 73 
Monodactylus, s. 73 
Monoxillo, horrid, s. 28 
Mosasaurus, 140 
Mursena, s. 108 
Mutabilia, s. 99 



Naia, 273 ; s. 82 

haemachates, s. 83 
haje, s. 83 
latratus, s. 83 
nivea, s. 83 
rhombeata, s. 83 
spectatrix, .s. 83 



REPTILIA. 



149 



Naia tricuspidans, ix. s. 83 
tripudians, 274 

Natrix ahaetula, s. 93 
alamensis, s. 90 
aspera, s. 96 
aulica, s. 92 
bicarinatus, s. 89 
bivittatus, s. 86 
chersco'ides, s. 86 
chiametla, s. 90 
cinnamomea, s. 89 
exoleta, s. 89 
Forsteri, s. 90 
lappiata, s. 92 
occipitalis, s. 90 
ocellata, s. 86 
punctatissima, «. 94 
sculptura, s. 86 
scurrula, s. 87 
semilinea, s. 90 

Necturus, s. 108 

Oligdonon, 260 

Oligodon, s. 88 

atriventus, s. 88 
bitorquatus, .s. 88 
punctatus, s. 89 

Ophidia, 5 

Ophidians, 5. 241 

Ophidii, s. 78 

Ophiodes Gronovii, s. 73 

Ophiorhyza mungos, 274 

Ophiosauri, s. 62 

Ophiosaurus, 243 

Ophiosaurus, s. 65 

punctatus, 243 ; s. 65 
striatulus, 243 ; s. 65 
ventralis, 243 ; s. 65 

Ophis, 273; s. 83 88 
Merremii, «. 83 
subcinctus, s. 92 

Ophoi'des, s. 73 

Ophrias, 277 ; s. 82 

acanthopis, «. 82 

Ophryessa, 134 ; s. 39 

Ophyessa, s. 39 

azurea, «. 42 
Braziliensis, s. 40 
brevicaudatus, «. 42 
Margaritaceus, s. 40 
picta, s. 40 
plica, «. 41 
rhonibifer, s. 40 
superciliosa, s. 40 

Ophyessa Brazilian, s. 40 
lozenge, s. 40 
painted, «. 40 
pearly, s. 40 
sword-tailed, s. 40 



Ophyessa umber, ix. s. 41 
Oplocephali, 277 

Cuvieri, s. 84 
Opiums, 136 ; s. 41 

torquatus, 137 ! *• 41 
Otilopha, 5. 103 

ocellata, s. 104 

typhonia, s. 103 
Otilophes, 403 
Ouaran, 109. 202 

el hard, ] 10 
Oular cavon, 264 

limpe, 281 
Ouran grey, s. 27 

white- throated, s. 28 
Oxybelis, s. 93 

seneus, s. 93 
Oxyrhopus annulatus, s. 90 

pethola, s. 91 
Oxyrhynchus, 402 ; s. 103 



Padani cootoo, s. 97 
Paludicola albifrons, s. 104 
Pareas, s. 94 
Passericki, s. 93 
Passerita, 260 ; s. 93 
Pedda-poda, 257 ; s. 97 
Pelamides, 279. 280 
Pelamis, s. 98 

bicolor, 5. 98 
carinatus, s. 99 
curtus, s. 99 
fasciatus, s. 99 
gracilis, s. 98 
Lindsayi, «. 99 
melanurus, i. 99 
ornatus, s. 98 
Rupelii, s. 99 
Valakadin, s. 99 
Pelias, 272 ; s. 82 

berus, 272 ; s. 82 
chersea, s. 82 
niger, s. 79. 81 
Pelobates fuscus, s. 103 
Pareas carinata, s. 94 
Periops hippocrepis, s. 87 
Phanerobranchus, «. 108 
Phelsuma, 143 ; s. 47 
Philodryas Olfersii, s. 87 
Phrynocephale, eared, s. 58 
eyed, .?. 59 
Pallas's, s. 59 
Phrynocephalus, 129 ; s. 58 
auritus, «. 58 
caudevolvula, s, 59 
ocellatus, s. 59 
Uralensis, s. 59 
Phrynosoma, s. 44 



150 



INDEX. 



Phrynosoma Buffonium, ix. s. 45 

cornuta, s. 45 

Douglassii, s. 44 

orbiculare, s. 45 
Phyllodactyliis, s. 50 

niarmoratus, s. 49 

pulchellus, s. 50 
Phyllomedusa, s. 101 
Phyllhydrus, s. 108 

pisciformis, s. 108 
Phyllurus, 151 ; s. 52 

Cuvieri, s. 52 

Nilii, s. 52 
Physalamis Cuvieri, s. 104 
Physignathus, 130 

Cocin Cinus, 130 

concinnus, s. 61 

iguanoides, s. 61 
Pipa, 403, 463 ; s. 105 

Bufonia, 396 ; s. 104 

curururu, 404; s. 105 

lasvis, 396 ; s. 104 
Pipa, common, s. 105 

of Surinam, 463 
Plica, s. 40 
Platuri, 276 
Platurus, s. 84 

fasciatus, s. 84 

laticaudatus, s. 84 

semifasciatus, s. 84 
Platydactyle cepedian, s. 47 

clawless, «. 47 

eyed, s. 47 

ornamented, s. 48 
Platydactylus, 142; s. 47 

iEgyptiacus, s. 48 

Americanus, s. 48 

cepedianus, s. 47 

fascicularis, s. 48 

ocellatus, s. 47 

ornatus, s. 48 
Pleurodeles, s. 106 
Plesiosaurus, 164; 5. 24 

auxois, s, 24 

carinatus, s. 24 

dolichodeirus, «. 24 

pentagonus, .s. 24 

recentior, s. 24 

trigonus, s. 24 
Polychrus, 135. 227 : s. 47 

acutirostris, 136 ; s. 47 

fasciatus, s. 47 

of Guiana, 135 

marmoratus, s. 47 

strigiventer, s. 47 

virescens, s. 47 
Porte anneau, 254 
Pneustes, 129 
Pneustoides, 129 



Proteus, ix. 412. 475 ; s. 107 

anguinus, 412. 476 ; s. 108 

tetradactylus, s. 108 

tritonius, 408 
Proteus, common, s. 108 

of the lakes, s. 108 
Protonopsis, 410 

horrida, s. 109 
Psamrnodromus, s. 35 

Hispanicus, s. 35 
Psammosaurus, 110; s. 27 

albogularis, s. 28 

scincus, s. 27 
Psammophis, 260 ; 
Psamnophis, s. 93 

bicolor, s. 94 

Girondicus, $. 93 

lacertina, 5. 94 

pulverulenta, s. 94 

rhombeata, 5. 94 

schokari, s. 94 
Pseudo Ameiva, 115 

striata, s. 31 
Pseudo-Boa, 255. 279, 385 

.;arinata, 278 

coronata, s. 92 

krait, 278 ; s. 82 
Pseudobranchus, 414 ; s. 109 

striatus, s. 109 
Pseudoelaps, 260 
Pseudopus, 242 ; s. 65 

Olfersii, s. 73 

Pallasii, 242 ; s. 65 

serpentinus, s. 65 
Pseudopus, Durville's, s. 65 
Pteropleura, s. 49 

Horsfieldii, 145 ; s. 49 
Ptychozoon, 145 ; s. 49 
Ptygopleura, s. 62 
Ptyodactylus, 148 ; s. 50 

guttatus, s. 50 
Pygodactylus, 161 ; «. 74 

Gronovii, s. 73 
Pygopus, 160 ; s. 73 

cariococca, 161 ; s. 73 

lepidopus, s. 73 

striatus, 161 ; «. 73 
Python, 330 ; s. 97 

amethystinus, 330 ; s. 97 

bivittatus, s. 97 

bora, 330 

Javanicus, s. 97 

Peronii, s. 97 

poda, s. 97 

punctatus, s. 97 

rhynchops, s. 95 

Schneideri, s. 97 

tigris, ,s. 97 
Pvthon amethyste, 257 



REPTILIA. 



151 



Python tigre, ix. 257 
Pythons, 256 
Pyxis, 11.69; s. 6 

aranoides, s. 6 



Quetzpalco, 121. 136 



Rainette bleu, 398 

a tapiner, s. 101 
Rana 390. 422 ; s. 99 

arboiea, 396. 449 ; s. 101. 102 

Austrasi, s. 102 

bilineata, s. 102 

boans, s. 101 

bombina, 399. 461 ; s. 103. 104 

bufo, 398. 460 ; s. 102 

bufo calamita, 399 

Bufonia, s. 104 

cserulea, s. 102 

Catesbiana, s. 100 

clamitans, 394. 445 ; s. 100 

coriacea, 395 ; s. 100 

cornuta, 395 

cultripes, s. 100 

cutricularis, s. 100 

cyanophlyctis, s. 100 

Daudini, s. 100 

dorsalis, s. 100 

dubia, s. 103 

esculenta, 392. 442 ; s. 100 

faetidissima, s. 103 

fasciata, s. 104 

flaviventris, s. 100 

fontinalis, s. 100 

gibbosa, s. 101 

gigas, 395; s. 100 

grimniens, 446; s. 100 

gryllus, s. 100 

halecina, 394. 447 ; s. 100 

hypscaphelia, s. 100 

labyrinthica, 395 ; s. 100 

lactea, s. 102 

maculata, 395 ; s. 100 

margaritifera, 403 ; s. 104 

marina, 401 ; s. 103 

maxima, 397 ; s. 100. 101 

megastoma, 395 ; s. 101 

melanota, s. 100 

mephitica, s. 103 

meriana, s. 101 

miliaris, 395 ; s. 100 

mugiens, s- 100 

musica, s. 103 

mystacea, 395 ; s. 100 

nigrita, s. 100 

obstetricans, s. 103 

ocellata, 394. 447 ; ■'• 100 



Rana ovalis, ix, s. 104 

pachypus, 395 ; s. 100 

palmipes, 394; s. 100 

palustris, s. 100 

paradoxa, 393. 447; «■ 100 

pardalis, s. 100 

pentadactyla, s. 100 

pipa, 404; s. 105 

pipiens, 394. 445; s. 100 

plicata, s. 100 

protentosa, s. 103 

pumilla, s. 100 

punctata, 395. 444 ; s. 100 

pygmeea, 395 ; s. 100 

ridibunda, 462 ; s. 100 

rubella, 395 ; s. 100 

scapulavis, s. 100 

scutata, 395 ; s. 101 

sibilatrix, 395 ; s. 100 

sitibunda, s 103 

sonans, s. 100 

squamigera, s. 101 

Surinamensis, s. 104 

sylvatica, 5. 100 

systoma, s. 104 

temporaria, 393. 443; s. 100 

tigrina, 394 ; s. 100 

tinctoria, 397 ; s. lOl 

typhonia, 395 ; s. 100. 103 

variabilis, 400; s. 103 

variegata, s. 104 

venulosa, s. 101 

vespertina, s. 100 

Virginica, 394, 395; s. 100 

viridis, s. 103 

zebra, s. 101 
Rattlesnake, 266 

banded, 345 

miliary, 348 

striped, 348 
Reptilia, 1 
Rhinella,5. 103 

acutirostris, s. 103 

granulosus, s. 103 

nasicus, s. 103 

proboscideus, s. 103 

semilineata, s. 103 
Rhinophis, s. 77 
Rhinopirus, 256 
Rhinostoma nasua, s. 85 

proboscideum, s. 85. 94 
Rondas tataloopam, 248 



Safeguard, great American, 113. 204 

variegated, s. 29 
Safeguards, 112. 204 
Saiphos, s. 72 

equalis, .t. 72 



152 



INDEX. 



Saiphos, lacertine, ix. s. 72 
Sal a trois doigts, 406 
Salamander, 464 

Alpine, 5. 105 

ashy, s. 106 

banded, s. 106 

Beechey's, s. 107 

black, s. 105. 107 

brown, s. 107 

brownish, s. 107 

common, 406. 465; s. 105 

crested, 408 

cylindrical, s. 107 

dorsal, s. 107 

great, 410 

Green's, s. 107 

glutinous, .9. 106 

long-tailed, s. 107 

marbled, 408 ; s. 105 

painted, s. 107 

palmipedes, 409 

punctated, 409 ; s. 107 

red, 5. 107 

red-backed, s. 106 

Spanish, s. 106 

spotted, s. 107 

tigrine, s. 107 

two lined, s. 107 

variolated, s. 107 

violet, s. 1 06 

white-faced, .s. 107 

with spotted-sides, 408 

yellow, s. 107 
Salamanders, 404 

aquatic, 407- 473 

land, 405 
Salamandra, 404, 405 ; «. 105 

Alleghaniensis, 5. 108. 109 

Alpestris, 408 ; 5. 106 

atra, 406 ; «. 105 

Beechii, s. 107 

bilineata, 407 ; s. 107 

cinerea, s. 106 

cristata, 408 

cylindrica, s. 107 

dorsalis, s. 107 

erythronota, 407 ; ■5-106 

fasciata, 407 ; s. 106 

fenestrata, s. 106 

flavissiraa, s. 107 

frontalis, s. 107 

fusca, s. 105. 107 

gigantea, 410; .?. 109 

glutinosa, s. 106 

Greenii, «. 107 

horrida, s. 109 

Japonica, 407 ; s. 106 

longicaudata, s. 107 

maculata, 5. 107 



Salamandra maculosa, ix. 5. 105 

major, s. 106 

marmorata, 408. 474 ; s. 105 

nigra, s. 107 

pabnata, 409 ; s. 106 

palustris, s. 105 

perspicillata, 406 

picta, s. 107 

platydactyla, s. 107 

punctata, 409 ; s. 106. 107 

rubra, 407 ; s. 107 

rubriventris, s. 107 

savi, 406 

sinciput alba, s. 107 

subfusca, s. 107 

subviolacea, 407 ; •?• 106 

symmetrica, 409 ; s. 107 

tigrina, 407 : ■?■ 107 

variegata, s. 107 

variolata, 407; s. 107 

venenosa, 407 ; s. 106 

vulgaris, s. 105 
Salamandrina, s. 105 

perspicillata, s. 105 

tridactyla, s. 105 
Salem maculosa, 406 
Sarruba, 149 
Sauri, s. 24 
Sauria, 5. 97 
Saurians, 5 
Saurocephalus, s. 24 

lanciformis, «. 24 

leanus, s. 24 
Saurodon, s. 24 
Saurophis, 162 ; 5. 65 

Lacepedii, s. 65 

New Holland, ,s. 65 
Scargus Valeno, s. 106 
Seine, shop, s. 67 

a fleurs noirs, 158 
Scincoi'dians, 155 
Scincus, 155 ; s. 67 

bicolor, 157 

bistriatus, 158 

brachypus, s. 71 

crotophomelas, 158 

cyanurus, s. 71 

cyprinus, 157 

decemlineatus, s. 68 

erythrocephalus, 157 ; •?• 70 

fossar, s. 69 

lateralis, s. 70 

lineatus, s. 68 

Mabouya, s.'GO 

multicarinatus, s. 68 

multiseriatus, 157 

nigrofasciatus, .1. 68 

nigroluteus, 158 ; s, 68 

ocellatus, 158 



REPTILIA. 



153 



Scincus octolineatus, ix. i. 68 

officinalis, 15G, 237; s. 67 
pachyurus, s. 67 
rufescens, 157 ; -t. 68 
sepiforrnis, s. 63 
tiliguyus, s. 69 
tiliqua, 239 
trivittatus, 1 57 ; s. 68 
tuberculatus, s. 6^ 
unicolor, s. 70 
undecim striatiis, s. 68 
variegatus, 158; s. 68 
vittatus, s. 69 
Scelophorus, s. 42 ; s. 43 
seneus, s. 44 
grammicus, s, 43 
pleurostictus, s. 43 
scalaris, s. 44 
spinosus, s. 43 
Scheltopusik, 242 

Pallas's, s. 65 
Scytale, 255. 278; s. 82. s. 92 
bizonata, 278 ; s. 82 
brachyorrhis, s. 92 
catenata, *. 79 
coronata, 255 ; s. 92 
krait, 278 ; s. 82 
niger, s. 81 
Semiphora, s. 57 
Senembi, 132 
Sepedon, 273 ; s. 83 

hcemachates, s. 83 

Merremii, s. 83 
porphyraceus, .s. 83 
rhombeata, s. 83 
Seps, 158 ; s. 72 

equalis, s. 72 

fragilis, s. 73 

Peronii, 159 ; 5. 72 

ruber, 211 

scincoides, 159 

sexlineata, 161 ; s. 74 

striata, s. 72 

tridactylus, 240 

varians, 210 

zyginis, s. 72 
Seps, common, s. 72 

four-toed, s. 72 

Gronovien, 161 

monodactyle, 161 

Peron's, s. ^2 

striated, s. 72 
Serpent, Ascnlapian, 263 

of Congo, 475 

spectacled, 274 

venomous, s. 78 

yellow, 268. 349 
Serpents, 5. 241. 307. s. 78- 

naked, 281 
Cuv. Index. 



Serpents, queen of, ix. 345 
true, 245 

Sheathclaw, beautiful, 5. 50 
Egyptian, s. 50 
fimbriated, s. 50 
porphyry, s. 50 
smooth, s. 50 

Shoutur sun, 386 

Sibons, 260 

Siguana, s. 74 

Ottonis, s. 74 

Siphonops, s. 110 

Siredon, s. 108 

axolotl, s. 108 

Siren, 413. 478; s. 108 

anguina, 412. 476 ; s. 108. 
intermedia, 414 ; s. 108. 
lacertina, 414.478; s. 108 
pisciformis, 411 ; s. 108 
striata, 414 ; s. 109 

Siren, common, s. 108 

four-footed, s. 109 
intermediate, 414; «. 108 
lacertina, 414 
striated, s. 109 
striped, 414 

Sitana, s. 57 

Pondicherry, «. 57 

Skink, common, 237 

Skinks, 155. 237 

Slow-worm, common, 306 

Snake, black, 335 

black coral, s. 75 
black eared coral, s. 75 
blind pintado, s. 76 
Cape pintado, s. 76 
common, 333 
common Congo, s. 109 
common coral, s. 75 
common glass, s. 65 
common rattle, s. 78 
dottled coral, s. 75 
French, 334 
Indian coral, s. 75 
Javan, 330 

lozenge spotted rattle, .v. 78 
miliar rattle, s. 78 
netted pintado, s. 70 
rattle, 336 ; s. 78 
ribbon, s. 86 
scytale coral, s. 75 
spectacled, 376 
spotted coral, s. 75 
three-toed Congo, s. 109 
wampum, s. 86 
Snakes, 242 : 243 
sea, s. 98 
water, s. 98 
Sourancou, 268 



154 



INDEX. 



Spcenops capistrata, ix. s. ^l 

Sphaeriodactylus, 150 ; s. 52 
sputator, s. 52 

Sphargis, 16 ; 5. 20 

Spheriodactyle, banded, s. 52 

Squamata, s. 24 

Stellio, 118, 140. 143. 213; «. 57 
argyropus, s. 51 
azureus, 120 
brevicaudatus, 120 
fimbriatus, 149 
Hasselquistii, 141 
Mauritanicus, 147 
niger, s. 62 
perfoliatus, 147 
phyllurus, 151 
platyurus, 147 ; s. 51 
spinipes, 121.215; s. 61 
vulgaris, 214 ; «. 57 

Stellio, common, s. 57 
gecko, 144 
of the Levant, 120. 214 

Stelliones, common, 119 
batards, 121 

Steneosaurus, 102 

Stenodactylus, 151 ; s. 49. 51 
guttatus, 151 1 A\ 49 
pipiens, s. 52 

Stenostoma, 247 I s. 76 
albifrons, s. 77 

Stercus lacerti, 120 

Sternotherina, 79 

Sternotherus, 78. 80: x. 14 
Boscii, 80 
castaneus, s. 14 
Leachianus, 79, 80 
odoratus, 80 ; 5. 13 
trifasciatus, 80 ; .?. 7 

Stombus, 395 ; s. 104 



Tachydermum horridum, s. 28 

Tachydiome, Chinese, s. 36 

Tachydromus, 117 ; «• 36 
quadrilineata, 5. 36 
sexlineata, s. 36 

Tadpole, 415, 416 

Talectee, 200 

Tapavasin, 217 

Tapayes, 216 

Tar tutta, s. 92 

Taraguira, 114 

Tarente, 143 

Tarentola, 143 ; s. 48 

Tarentole, 119 

Tayapaxin, 124 

Tecoixin, s. 43 

Tedo, 463 



Teguisin, ix. s. 29 

monitor, s. 29 

Teius, 111 ; s. 28 

ameiva, 114 

bicarinata, s. 29 

caeruleocephalus, s. 30 

calcaratus, s. 31 

collaris, s. 31 

crocodilus, s. 28 

cyaneus, 114 

cyanomclas, 114; 5. 30 

intermedius, s. 31 

lateristriga, s. 30 

lemniscatus, s. 30 

litteratus, s. 29 

monitor, s. 29 

ocellifer, 114; s. 29 

striatus, i\ 31 

tessellatus, s. 30 

tritseniatus, 114; s.30 

viridis, s. 31 

vulgaris, s. 29 
Temapara, 113 
Terrapene, 13. 69. 77. 80 

bicolor, s. ^ 

Carolinae, 80 ; s. ^ 

clausa, 77 

Europaea, 80 

guttata, s. 7 

nebulosa, s. ^ 

triporcata, «. 13 
Terrapin, American box, s. ^ 

banded, .?. 11 

batagur, s. 9 

Bell's, s. 12 

Caspian, s. 9 

common, s. 9 -^ 

concentric, s. 1 1 

dhor, s. 8 

dotted, 5, 10 

eastern box, s. 7 

Europaean box, s. 7 

eye bearing, s. 9 

furrowed, s. 11 

Hamilton's, s. 9 

Lake Erie, s. 12 

lettered, 5. 11 

lineated, s. 9 

marbled, «. 10 

Muhlenberg's, s. 10 

ornamented, s. 12 

painted, s. 10 

reticulated, s. 11 

ring-bearing, s. 12 

rough, s. 10 

rugose, s. 12 

serrated, s. 11 

Thury's, s. 8 

specious, s. 10 



REPTILIA. 



155 



Terrapin, Spengler's, ix. s. 8 

spinous, s. 8 

spotted, s. 10 

tented, s. 9 

thick-necked, s. 8 

tliree banded box, s. ^ 

white spotted, s. \2 
Terrentola, 143 
Testudinata, s. 2 
Testudo, 8. 9 ; s. 2 

actinodes, 68 ; s. 4 

Amboinensis, s. ^ 

angulata, 10 ; s. 5 

aranoi'des, s. 6 

areolata, 10. 67 ; s. 5 

armata, s. 4 

atra, s. 20 

Belliana, s. H 

Bellii, s. 5 

biguttata, 10 

bipunctata, s. 4 

Boscii, s. 13 

brevicaudata, s. ^ 

Brongniartii, 9 ; s. 18 

Cafra, 10 ; s. 5 

cagado, 10 ; s. 3 

calcarata, s. 4 
Testudo, Californica, s. 3 

campanulata, s. 4 

carbonaria, 10 ; s. 3 

caretta, 16. 92 ; s. 20 

carinatus, s. 18 

Carolina, 10 ; s. 3. 5. 7 

Caspia, s. 9 

centrata, s. \\ 

ceppediana, s. 20 

clausa, 13 ; s. ^ 

coriacea, 17.93; s.20 

coui, s. 4 

denticulata, 10; «. 3. 6. 

depressa, 10 ; s. 3. 16 

Dussumierii, s. 3 

elegans, s. 4 

elephantopus, s. 3 

erosa, s. 6 

Europaea, ] 1 

ferox, 19. 96. 

fimbriata, 17 95 

flava, 71 ; ■?• 7 

galeata, s. 15 ■ 

geometrica, 10. 64. s. 5 

gigantea, s. 3 

glutinosa, s. 13 

Graji, s. 4 

granosa, 19 

Grseca, 9 ; s. 4. 5 

Hercules, 10 ; «. 3 

Hermanni, s. 5 



Testudo, Homeana, ix. s. 6 

imbricata, 15. 89 ; s. 21 
Indica, 10. 63 ; s. 3. 15 
irregulata, s. 7 
Japonica, s. 20 
juvencella, s. 5 
Leveriana, s. 7 
longicollis, s. 15 
lutaria, 71 ; s. 7- 9 
luteola, s. 5 
marginata, 10 ; s. 4 
martinella, s. 16 
matamata, s. 17 
Meleagris, s. ^ ^^ ; 
miniata, s. 5 ^i^" -.' 

inultiscutata, s. 20 -^ 

My das, 15. 57- 81 ; s. 20^ 
nasicornis, s. 20 
nigra, 10; s. 3 
nigricans, i. 15 
odorata, s. 13. 
orbicularis, 11. 71 ; *• 7 
palustris, «. 11 
pardalis, 68 ; «. 4 
Pennsylvanica, 13 ; s. 13 
picta, 12 
planiceps, .$.16 
platycephala, s. 16 
Polyphemus, s. 3 
pulchella, s. 7 
punctata, s. T. \Q 
pusilla, s. 5 
radiata, 10, 65 ; «. 4 
Rascht, s. 19 
reticulata, s. 11 
retusa, s. 3 
Retail, «. 13 
rugosa, s. 12 
scabra, s. 15 
Schweigeri, s. 3 
scorpoides, s. 13 
sculpta, 10 ; «. 3 
Senegalensis, 5. 15 
serpentina, 13 ; s. 14 
serrata, s. 8. 11. 14 
signata, 10; *. 5 
Spengleri, s. 8 
stellata, 10; s. 4 
subnigra, 13; s. 14. 15 
subrufa, s. 13. 15 
sulcata, s. 4 
tabulata, 10. 65 ; 6\ 3 
teutoria, 68 ; s 5. 
tricarinata, 13; s. 8. 13 
triunguis, 18. 95 ; s. \8 
truncata, s. 3 
viridis, 15 
zolhafa, s 5 

X 2 



156 



INDEX. 



Tete plate, ix. 149 

rouge, 115 
Tetiadactylus, 162 ; s. 65 

Chalcidices, s. 65 

Decvesiensis, 159 
Tetraoiiyx, s. 19 

Cuvieri, s. \9 
Teuhtlacot zauhqui, 345 
Tegiiguazu, 113 

Thammodactylus punctissimus, s. 94 
Thecadactylus, 147 ; s. 49, 50 

fimbriatus, s. 50 

Isevis, s. 50 

lobatus, s. 50 

poll, 146 ; s. 51 

porphyreus, «. 50 
Theleosaurus, 102 
Tiliguerta, 116. 211 
Tiliqua, 157; s. 67 

asnea, s. ^0 

Bellii, s. 70 

bicolor, s. ^0 

bistriata, s. 69. 70 

Capensis, s. 68 

carinatus, s. 68 

crotaphomelas, s. 68 

Cyprinas, s. 68 

erythrocephala, s. 70 

fasciatus, s. 71 

homolocepliala, s. 69 

lateralis, s. 70 

microlepis, s. 71 

multiscutata, s. 68 

nigrolutea, s. 68 

nigropunctata, s. 69 

occidua, s. 69 

ocellata, s. 68 

quinque lineata, s. 69 

Sloanii, s. 70 

tseniolata, s. 68 

tenuis, «. 70 

trivittata, s. 68 

Whitii, 5. 67 
Tiliqua, black and yellow, s. 68 

Cape, s. 68 

Indian, s. 68 

New Holland, s. 67, 68 

three streaked, s. 68 
Tisiphone, 268 ; s. 79 

cupoea, .s. 79 

Shausii, s. 79 

Catesbii, x. 79 
Toad, brick coloured, a. 103 

brown, 399. 461 

common, 399. 460; s. 102 

marine, 401 

obstetric, 400 

pearled, 403 

reed, 399 



Toad, variable, ix. 400 

yellow bellied, 402 
Toads, 398. 451 
Tomacolin, 210 
Torquatrix, 250 ; s. 'Jb 
Tortoise, 8 

alligator, 80 

angular, s. 5 

areolated, 67 ; s. b 

Bell's, s. 6 

bell-shaped, s. 4 

box, 13. 77 

box, of Amboina, 13 

cinereous, 75. 

common, 9 

European fresh-water, 71 

fierce, 19. 96 

fimbriated, 17 

geometrical, 10. 64 ; s, 5 

Gopher, s. 3 

Greek, 57 ; s. b 

Hercules, s. 3 

Hicatee, 67 

Home's, s. G 

Indian, 10. 63 ; s. 3 

Lake Erie, 75 

leopard, s. 4 

long necked, 76 

marked, s. 5 

mud, 76 ; s.Q 

painted, 12. 73 

radiated, 10. 65 ; s. 4 

radiated box, s. 6 

Schweiger, s. 3 

serrated alligator, s. 14 

snake, 13 

soft, 18. 95 

soft of the Nile, 18 

speckled, 11. 71 

starred, s. 4 

sulcated, s. 4 

tabular, 65 ; «. 3 

terrestrial, 57 

worn, s. 6 
Tortoises, 4 ; «. 2 

fresh- water, 11. 71 

land, 9 

sea, 14 
Tortrix, 250 ; s. 74 

corallinus, 327 

latta, 251 ; s. 75 

punctata, 251 ; s. 75 

rufa, 251 ; s. 75 

Russellii, 248 ; s. 16 
Trachydosaurus, s. 67 

rugosa, s. 67 
Tragops nasutus, s. 93 
Trapelus, 125 ; «. 57 

jEgyptius, 125; s. 58 



REPTILIA. 



157 



Trapelus mutabilis, ix. s. 58 

hispidus, s. 57 

Savigtiii, s. 58 

subhispidus, s. 5^ 
Trapelus, of Egypt, 125 
Tridactylus Decresiensis, 159; s. 72 
Trigonocephalus, 267. 349 ; s. 79. 80 

Blomhoffi, s. 80 

Boeii, s. 80 

cacodsemon, s, 80 

halys, s. 80 

hypnale, s. 80 

lanceolatus, 268. 349 

Megsera, 349 

orophyas, s. 80 

rhodostoma, «. 80 
Trigonocephalus, lozenged, 269 

yellow, 268 
Trimeresure petite tete, 277 
Trimeresuri, 277 
Trimesurus, s. 84 

leptocephalus, s. 84 

viridis, s. 80 
Trionyx, 18. 95 ; s. 18 

.^gyptiacus, 18. 95 ; s, 18 

carinatus, 18 

Coromandelicus, s. \9 

Cuvieri, s. 19 

Euphraticus, 19; s. 19 

ferox, s. 18 

Gangeticus, s. 18 

Georgicus, s. 18 

granosus, 19 

Indicus, s. 18 

Javanicus, 19 ; s. 19 

muticus, s. 18 

punctatus, s. 19 

spiniferus, s. 18 

stellatus, 19 

subplanus, s. 19 
Trionyx, armless, s. 18 

Egyptian, s. 18 

Euphratic, s. 19 

fierce, s, 18 

flat, s. 19 

Hurum, s. 18 

Indian, s. 18 

Javan, s. \9 

punctuated, s. 19 
Triton, 407 

Alleghaniensis, s. 109 

Gesneri, 408 ; s. 105 

lateralis, 412 ; s. 108 
Tropidolepis, 125; s. 42 

aculeatus, s. 43 

seneus, s. 44 

fasciatus, s. 44 

grammieus, s. 43 

pleurostictus, .s. 43 



Tropidolepis scalaris, ix. s. 44 

spinosus, s. 43 

torquatus, s. 43 

undulatus, s. 43 
Tropidolepis, aeneous, s. 44 

banded, s. 44 

Bell's, s. 44 

collared, s. 43 

green, s. 43 

northern, s, 43 

side streaked, s. 43 

spinous, s. 43 

thorny, s. 43 
Tropidolsemus, s. 79 

VVagleri, s. 80 
Tropidonotus, s. 85 

sestirus, s. 86 

chrysargus, s. 85 

cyanocephalus, *. 86 

dimidiatus, s. 86 

dorsa, s. 86 

hypostictus, s. 86 

lacrymans, s. 86 

lugubris, 5. 86 

melanozostus, s. 85 

mortuarius, s. 86 

natrix, s. 85 

Nattereri, s. 86 
ordinatus, s. 86 

pcecilostoma, s. 86 

parietalis, s. 86 

piscator, s. 86 

porcatus, s. 86 
proxiiDus, s. 86 
rhodomelas, s. 86 
spilogaster, s. 86 
subminiatus, s. 85 
tessellatus, s. 86 
trigrinus, s. 86 
trianguliferus, s. 86 
vibikari, s. 86 
vittatus, s. 86 
Tropidurus, s. 41 

Cuvieri, s. 41 
cyclurus, s. 42 
semitseniatus, s. 41 
torquatus, 136; s. 41 
tuberculata, s. 41 
Tropidurus, collared, s. 41 
cycluroid, s. 42 
half-banded, s. 41 
tubercular, s. 41 
Tropidosaurus, 126 ; s. 35 

montanus, s. 35 
Tupinambis, 108. 111. 201, 202 
albogularis, 5. 28 
bivittatus, s. 25 
caudivertus, s. 26 
cepedianus, s. 26 



158 



INDEX. 



Tupinambis exilis, ix. s. 25 
griseus, s. 27 
lacertinus, s. 29 
maculatus, s. 29 
marmoratus, s. 25 
monitor, 113 ; s. 29 
nigropunctatus, 113; s. 29 
ornatus, 202 ; s. 27 
stellatus, s. 27 
viridomaculatus, s. 26 

Tupinambis k taches vertes, 113 
bigarre, 110 
cepedien, 111 
elegant, 111 
etoile. 111 
variegated, 202 

Turtle, coriaceus, I7. 93 ; s. 20 
green, 15. 81 ; s. 20 
imbricated, 15. 89 ; s. 21 
loggerhead, 16. 92; s. 20 

Turtles, 14. 81 

Typhlops, 247 ; i. 76 

albifrons, 248 ; s. 77 
Braminus, 248 ; s. 76 
cinereus, 248 ; s. 76 
crocotatus, 248 ; s. 77 
fasciatus, s. 77 
leucogaster, s. 77 
leucorrhous, 248 ; s. 77 
lineatus, s. 77 
oxyrhynchus, 249 ; s. 77 
Philippinus, 249 ; s. 77 
reticulatus, s. 76 
rostralis, s. 77 
septemstriatus, 248 ; s. 77 
undecimstriatus, 248 ; s. 77 
vermicularis, s. 77 

Typhlops, ash, s, 76 
banded, s. 77 
Brahmin, s. 76 
lined, s. 77 
netted, s. 76 
Philippine, s. 77 
seven streaked, s. 77 
sharp-nosed, s. 77 
white-bellied, s. 77 
white-fronted, s. 77 
worm-like, s. 77 
vellow, s. 77 

Tvria, 260 

Tyrse, 18 



Ular sawa, 257 

Uraeus, s. 83 

Uran elegans, s. 26. 27 
punctatus, s. 26 
Russellii, s. 25 



Uranocentron, ix. s. 42 

azureus, i. 42 
Uromastix, 121 ; s. 61 

acanthinurus, 121 ; s. 61 

dispar, s. 61 

griseus, 121 ; $. 62 

Hardwickii, s. 62 

maculatus, s. 62 

niger, s. 62 

ocellatus, s. 61 

ornatus, 121 ; s. 61 

Reevesii, s. 62 

reticulatus, 121 ; s. 62 

spinipes, s. 61 
Uromastix, Bell's, s. 62 

black, s. 62 

common, s. 61 

of Egypt, 121 

ornamented, s. 61 

spotted, s. 62 

two coloured, s. 61 
Uronectes, 165 
Uropeltis, 251 ; s. 50. 76 

Ceylonicus, 251 

Philippinus, 251 



Varanus, 109 
Viper, black, 273 

brown, 268 

common, 270. 354 

horned, 271 

little, 272 

of Charas, 271 

plumed, 272 

red, 365 

short-tailed, 270 

Swedish, 365 

with horned-muzzle, 271 
Vipers, 269 
Vipera, 269, 270 ; s. 81 

iEgyptica, s. 81 

arietans, s. 81 

aspis, 5. 80 

atrox, s. 79 

Atropos, s. 81 

berus, 272 ; s. 82 

brachyura, 270; s. 81 

Brasiliana, s. 79 

buccata, s. 95 

caerulescens, s. 97 

cerastes, s. 81 

chloris, s. 80 

Clotho, 270 

Daboia, s. 81 

elegans, s. 8\ 

flava, 5. 81. 83 

hcemachates, s. 83 

haje, s, 83 



REPTILIA. 



159 



Vipera halys, ix. s. 80 

Illyrica, 271. 368 ; s. 82 

inflata, s. 81 
Lachesis, 270 
lanceolata, s. 79 
lebetina, s. 80 
lophophris, 272 ; s. 81 
moderans, .s. 97 
nasicornis, s. 81 
nasua, s. 85 
ocellata, 270; ,--. 81 
Pallasii, s. 80 
pretextata, .s. 80 
Pysche, s. 84 
Russellii, ,s. 81 
semifasciata, s. 96 
severa, s. 81 
stolata, s. 86 
trigonocephala, .?. 80 
Tigrina, s. 79 
Weigelii, s. 79 
Vip6re fer de lance, 268 
Psyche, 276 



Walker's, double, 246 
Wasp, galley, 157 
Woodslave, 230 



Xenodon, 260 ; s. 88 
aeneus, s. 88 
inornatus, s. 88 
Merremii, s. 88 
ocellatus, i. 88 



Xenodon saurocephalus, ix. s. 
Xenopeltis, 258 ; s. 92 

concolor, 258; *•. 92 

leucocephalus, s. 92 

unicolor, s. 92 
Xenopus, s. 104 

Boiei, s. 104 

ovalis, s. 104 
Xiphes dorsale, s. 97 

ornatum, i. 97 
Xiphosoma, 255 ; s. 96 

aramboja, 254 ; .?. 96 

canina, s. 96 

dorsale, 254 ; s. 97 

hortulana, s. 96 
Xiphura, s. 39 



Yacare, 199 



Zacholus Austriacus, «. 93 
Girondicus, s. 93 

Zamerinus ^sculapii, s. 87 
viridiflavus, .s- 87 

Zolhafa, 58 

Zonurus, 119 ; 5. 6.3 

cataphractus, s. 63 
raicrolepidotus, s. 63 

Zonurus, armed, s. 63 
common, 5. 63 
small-scaled, s. (i'.i 

Zygnis, 159 

striata, 1 60 ; s. 72 



PISCES. 



VOL. X. 



Abacatuia, {Marcgr.) x. 198 
Abramis, {Cuv.) 380 
Abusseau, 227 
Acanthicus hystrix, 414 
Acanthinions, (Lacep.) 191 
Acanthinion, bleu, 191 

orbiculaire, 176 

rhomboi'de, 191 
Acanthopode argente, 177 
Acanthopterygians, what called, 18 
Acanthopterygii, 8. 100 

fifth family of, 168 

sixth family of, 171 

seventh family of, 180 

supplement to, 270 
Acanthure argente, 215 

z^bre, 215 
Acanthurus, {Lacep. Sf Bl.) 214 

chirurgus, 359 

ctenodon, 215 

glauco-pareius, 215 

guttatus, 215 

harpuras, 216 

Meleagris, 214 

nasus, 216 

scalprum, 215 

scopas, 215 

striatus, 215 

suillus, 215 

velifer, 215 
Acara aia, 115 

pitamba, 115 
Acaramucu, 575 
Acarauna longirostris, 259 
Acarne, the {Rondel.) 165 
Acerina, {Cuv.) 115 
Achire barbu, 499 

fasce, 499 

marbre, 499 

orn6, 499 

Cuv. Index. 



Achirus, {Lacep.) x. 499 
Acinacee batarde, 186 
Acipenser, (i.) 588 

brevirostris, 591 

helops, 590 

huso, 590. 627 

maculosus, 591 

oxyrhyncus, 591 

pygmseus, 590 

rubicundus, 591 

Ruthenus, 590 

steuatus, 590 

sturio, 589 
Ageneiosus, {Lacep.) 407 ^ 
Agonus, {Bl, Sch.) 140 

acipenserinus, 140 

decagonus, 141 

dodecaedrus, 140 

Isevigatus, 140 

rostratus, 140 

stegophthalmus, 140 
Agriopes, 146 
Agriopus torvus, 284 
Aiereba, {Marcgr.) 615 
Aiguillat, Blainville, 604 
Aken parah, 191 
Alabes {Cuv.) 530 
Alalonga of the Italians, 183. 343 
Albicore, {Sloane) 184 
Albula, {Plumieri ?) 40 

gonorynchus, 444 

nobilis, 421 

Plumieri, 444 
Alepocephalus, {Risso) 390 

rostratus, 390 
Alicorti, the, 183 
Alosa, {Cuv.) 438 
Alphestes gembra, 115 • 
Alticus, {Commers.) 231 
Aluteres, {Cuv.) 575 



162 



INDEX. 



Aluteres cryptacanthus, x. 575 
Ambassis, {Commers.) 108 

Americanus, 117 

Austvalis, 117 

oxygeneios, 117 
Amia, {Gronov.) 107 

{L.) 447 

{Salv.) 190 

of the Ancients & of Rond, 185 

of Browne, 444 

immaculata, 444. 447 
Ammoccetes, (Dum.) 622 
Ammodytes, (L.) 557 

cicerelius, 538 

lancea, 538 

tobianus, 538 
Amore guafu, 241 

pixuma, 240, 241 
Amphacanthus, {Block.) 214 

magniahac, 214 

marmoratus, 214 

nebulosus, 214 
Amphiprion bifasciatus, 160 

ephippium, 160 

leucurus, 160 

scansor, 218 

{Bl., Schn.) 160 

matejuelo, 123 

percula, 160 

polymnus, 160 
Amphisile, (Klein) 268 
Anabas, (Cuv.) 217 

the genus, 360 

testudineus, 218 
Anableps, {Bl.) 385 

tetrophthahnus, 386 
Anacanthus, {Ehrenb.) 615 
Anampses, {Ciiv.) 256 
Anarrhichas, {Len.) 234 

lupus, 235 

minor, 235 
Anchovies, the, 441 
Ancylodon, 152, 2f»9 
Angel-fish, 640 
Angler, the 246 
Anguilla, 539 

{Thurnherg and Shaw), 523 
Anguille long-bee, 524 

marbre, 525 

pimperneanx, 524 

plat-bcc, 524 

verniaux, 524 
Anguilliformes, 522 
Anodus, {Spi:c) 424 
Anostomus, {Cuv.) 425 
Antennarius, {Commers.) 247 
Anthias, (Bl. in part.) Ill 

of Block, the 112 

bilineatus, 159 



Anthias boops, x. 120 

caballerote, 115 

catalufa, 120 

cherna, 113 

diagramma, 158 

grunniens, 157 

Japonicus, 159 

jocu, 115 

Johnii, 1 15 

macroptlial : us, 120 

maculatus, 157 

Orientalis, 113 

rabirrubia, 115 

sacer, 111. 275 

saponacea, 116 

striatus, 113 

testudineus, 218 

Vosmeri, 159 
Apalike, the, 443 
Aphyes, of the Ancients, 227 
Apistes, 145 

alatus, 146 

minoiis, 146 

taenianotus, 146 
Apistus fusco-virens, 283 

Israelitorum, 283 
Apisurus, {Lacep.) 215 
Apogon, {Lacep.) 106 

rex mullorum, 107 

rouge, 107 
Apterichthes, the {Dum.) 529 
Apteronotus, {Lactp.) 534 
Argentina, (Z.) 423 

bonak, 444 

Carolina, 423. 443 

glossodonta, 424. 444 

machnata, 423, 443 

sphyrsena, 423, 432 
Argyctius quadriniaculatus, 210 
Argyreiosus, {Cuv.) 198 
Arnoglossum, {Rondelet) 496 
Aspidophori, {Lacep.) 140 
Aspidophoroide, {Lacep.) 141 
Aspredo, {Lin.) 411 
Aspro, {Cuv.) 105 

vulgaris, {Cuv.) 105 
Astroblepus grixalvii, 468 
Astrodermus, {Boiielli.) 206 

guttatus, 206 
Atherina, {Lin.) 226 

Australis, 442 

Boyer, 227 

Brasiliensis, 228 

the dwarf, 290 

endrachtensis, 228 

hepsetus, 227 

Jacksoniana, 228 

lacunosa, 228 

mochon, 227 



PISCES. 



163 



Atherina maenidia, x. 228 
Neso gallica, 228 
notata, 228 
pinguis, 228 
presbyter, 227 
sihama, 123 
Aulopus, (Cuv.) 432 
Aulostomiis, (Lacdp.) 267 
Aurata, of the Latins, 313 
Aiisonia Cuvieri, 203 
Auxis, (Cuv.) 184 

the genus, 344 
Axinurus, i^Cuv.) 216 
thynno'ides, 216 



Badi motta, 431 

Bagrus, 403 

Baliste anne, 573 

a brosses, 574 
bourse, 573 
bride, 573 
cendre, 573 
echarpe, 573 
etoile, 573 
grandes taches, 572 
Lamouroux, 573 
noir, 572 
pralin, 573 
sillonne, 573 
verdatre, 573 

Balistes, (L.) 571 
the, 584 
aculeatus, 573 
Americain, 573 
arcuatus, 573 
biaculeatus, 575 
buniva, 572 
bursa, 573 
capriscus, 572 
Chinensis, 574 
conspicillum, 573 
forcipatus, 572 
fuscus, 572 
geographicus, 574 
guttatus, 574 
hispidus, 574 
Japonicus, 574 
jellaka, 572 
Kleinii, 575 
laevis, 575 
lineatus, 573 
longirostris, 574 
maculatus, 572 
medinilla, 573 
monoceros, 574, 575 
niger, 572, 573 
papiliosus, 574 



Balistes pelleon, x. 574 

penicilligerus, 574 
punctatus, 572 
rectangulus, 573 
ringens, 572, 573 
scopas, 574 
stellaris, 572, 573 
sufflamen, 572 
tomentosus, 574 
verrucosus, 573 
vetula, 572 
villosus, 574 
viridescens, 573 
viridis, 573 
Barbier, 517 
Barbus, (Ctcv.) 378 
caninus, 378 
eques, 378 
plebeius, 378 
Basse, the 102. 273 

the common, 102 
Betrachoide gangene, 249 
varie, 249 
verneul, 249 
Batrachoides, (Lac.) 249 
blennioides, 489 
Gmeiini, 489 
Batrachus, (Bl. ScJm.) 249 
conspicillum, 250 
Dieniensis, 250 
dubius, 250 
grunniens, 249 
porosissimus, 250 
quadri spinis, 250 
Surinamensis, 250 
tau, 249, 250 
Bandroge Ferguson, 247 
Beaumaris, the, 601 
Belone, (Cuv.) 393 
argalus, 393 
cancila, 393 
Caribaea, 393 
caudimacula, 393 
crocodila, 393 
truncata, 393 
Beryx decadactylus, 124 

lineatus, 124 
Besugo, of the Spaniards, 165 
Black fish, 409 
Black grunts, 306 
Blennie pointille, 232 
Blennius, (L.) 228 

(Proper) Cuv. 229 
the, 367 

acuminatus, 232 
argenteus, 232 
Audifredi, 232 
Capensis, 232 
cavernosus, 230 
Y 2 



164 



INDEX. 



Bleunius chubs, x. 489 
cornutus, 230 

edentulus, 231 
fasciatus, 230 
fenestratus, 232 
gado'ides, 489 
galerita, 230 
gattorugiiie, 229. 231 

gunnellus, 233 

labrosus, 234 

labrus, 487 

lumpenus, 232 

lupus, 487 

quinque maculis, 261 

mustelaris, 232 

ocellaris, 229 

palmicornis, 230 

pavo, 230 

pholis, 230 

phycis, 488 

pilicornis, 230 

punctatus, 232 

raninus, 489 

rubriceps, 230 

saliens, 367 

simus, 231 

spadiceus, 232 

superciliosus, 232 

tentacularis, 229 

torvus, 146 

truncatus, 231 

villosus, 145 

viviparus, 234. 488 
Blepharis, {Cuv.) 198 
Blepsias, the, (Cuv.) 145. 283 
Bodian Aia, 115 

hiatule, 1 10 

cyclostome, 114 

grosse tete, 113 

lutjan, 166 

melanoleuque, 114 

six-vaies, 105 

tetracanthe, 127 
Bodians, of Bloch, 112 
Bodianus apua, 112 

argenteus, 170 

argyroleucus, 153 

boenak, 112 

bodianus, 257 

guativere, 112 

guttatus, 112 

maculatus, 114 

melanurus, 113 

pentacanthus, 123 

sebae, 127 

stellifer, 153 

triouius, 306 

triurus, 158 
Bogmarus, {BL Schn.) 210 



Bokee sorra, x. 598 
Bola chaptis, 153 

coiton, 153 

cuja, 153 

pama, 299 
Bonaci avara, 112 
Boniton, the, 184 
Bonita of the tropics, the, 183 
Bontah, the, {Bus.) 224 
Boops, (Cuv.) 167. 320 

salpa, 167 

vulgaris, 167 
Borassus flabelliformis, 361 
Bostriche tachete, 222 
Bostrichoide ceille, 222 
Bostryche Chinois, 238 
Bothriocephalus solidus, 289 
Botlah parah, 191 
Boucher, 519 

porte ecuelle, 517 
Bouco-rougo, 317 
Brama, {Bl. Schn.) 178 

marina cauda forcipata, 327 

the genus, 326 
Branchiostegi, old order of, 19 
Bream, little, 380 
Brochet de Bantam, 393 
Brosmius, {Cuv.) 487 
Brotula, {Cuv.) 488 
BuflPalo-fish, the, 175. 324 
Bullhead, the river, 280 
Euro, {Commer.) 214 

brunneus, 214 
Butirin banane, 446, 447 
Butiriiius of Commerson, 424. 444 
Butrinus banane, 444 



Cabassoude, {Rondel.) 227 
Cabassous, of Provence, 227 
Cahrilla, 112 
Caecula pterygea, 529 
Caesio, (Lacep,) 169 

asuror, 170 

poulain, 200 

smaris, 170 
Csesiomore, 191 
C£Esiomores, {Lacep.) 191 
Caesiomore Baillon, 191 
Cailleu, {Duham.) 436 

Tassard, of the Antilles, 439 
Calamoia pota, 161 
Callarias galarias, 484 
Calhchthys, {Lin.) 410 
Calliodon, {Cuv.) 265 
Calliomore Indien, 142 
Callionymus, {Lin.) 241 

Baicalensis, 243 



PISCES. 



165 



Callionynius cithara, x. 243 
diacanthus, 243 
dracunculus, 242 
Indicus, 142. 243 
jaculus, 243 
lacerta, 242 
lyra, 242 
ocellatus, 243 
Orientalis, 243 
pusillus, 242 
sagitta, 243 
Callorhynchus, (Gron.) 593 
Callorinchus Australis, 97 
Camaripu gua^iu, 443 
Campilodon, {0th. Fab.) 192 
Camuri of Marcgrave, 104 
Canthari, the, 319 
Cantharus, (Cuv.) 167 
brama, 167 
vulgaris, 167 
Canthere douteux, 170 
Capelan, the, {Duhamel) 420. 484 
Capenna, (Marcgr.) 156 
Capros, {Lacep.) 199 
Caranges, (Z.) 195 
Caraangues franches, 355 
Carangues, of French sailors, 196 

lunaires, 355 
Carangus, of the Antilles, 196 
the bastard, 196 
petaurista, 196 
sexfasciatus, 196 
Caranna, 112 
Caranx, {Cuv.) 194 

Daubenton, 195 
Dumerilii, 354 
lune, 196 
punctatus, 195 
trachurus, 355 
Caranxomorus, {Lacep.) 205 
Carapus, (^Cuv.) 533 
Carcharias, {Cuv.) 599. 635 
Cardine, the, 517 
Carp, 144 

the common, 451 
fecundity of the, 454 
food of the, 453 
golden, 377 
long life of the, 452 
the preserving alive of, 455 
spawning of the golden, 457 
Carpione, of Lombardy, 418 
Carps, queen of the, 376 
Carrelet of the French, 492' 
Cataphractus, {Lacep.) 410 

American us, 408 
Catastomus, {Lesueur) 380 

cyprinus, 380, 381 
Ceixupira, {Marcgr.) 189 



Centranodon, {Lacep.) x. 142 
Centrarchus, {Cuv.) 119 
Centrarchus aeneus, 119 
Centriscus, {Lin.) 268 
Niloticus, 398 
proper, 268 
pungitius, 290 
scolopax, 268. 372. 412 
scutatus, 269 
velitaris, 269 
Centrogaster, {Hout.) 214 
argentatus, 214 
equula, 170. 200 
fuscescens, 214 
rhombeus, 177 
Centrolophe negre, 205 
Centrolophus, {Lacep.) 205 
Centronotus, {Lacep.) 183 
{Schn.) 232 
spinosus, 189 
Centropode rhomboidal, 177 
Centropome ambasse, 108 
macrodon, 107 
Plumier, 102 
de Roche, 120 
rouge, 124 
six-raies, 105 
Gentropomeceille, {Lacep.) 152 
Centropomus, {Lacep.) 104 
rubens, 107 
undecimalis, 104 
Centropristris, {Cuv.) 117 

nigricans, 117 
Cephalacanthes, {Lacep.) 138 
Cephalopholis, 112 
Argus, 112 
Cephaloptera, {Bum.) 617- 653 
Cephalopteram assena, 617 
Cephalus, {Sh.) 569 
Cepola, {Lin.) 212 
caecula, 239 
gladius, 209 
iris, 209 
Japonica, 212 
rubescens, 212 
taenia, 209. 212 
trachyptera, 209 
Cestracion, {Cuv.) 603 
Chaetodon, {Lin.) I7I 
the genus, 322 
acuminatus, 174 
alepidotus, 203 
annularis, 176 
arcuatus, 176. 198 
argenteus, 177 
Argus, 175 
armatus, 106 
arthriticus, 176 
aruanus, 161 



166 



INDEX. 



Chaetodon aureus, x. 176 
auriga, 173 
baroiiessa, 172 
Bengalensis, 161 
biaculeatus, ] 60 
bicolor, 176 
bifascialis, 172 
bifasciatus, 164 
bimaculatus, 173 
canescens, 174 
capistratus, 173 
Chinensis, 218 
chiiurgus, 215 
ciliaris, 175 
cornutus, 174 
couronne, 175 
curassao, 161 
cyprianaceus, 178 
decussatus, ] 72 
ensis, 178 
faber, 174. 198 
fasciatus, 173. 176 
flavus, 173 
Fremblii, 323 
frontalis, 173 
geometricus, 176 
glaucus, 191 
guttulatus, 176 
guttatus, 214 
imperator, I76 
Kleinii, 172 
lanceolatus, 155 
lineatus, 215 
longirostris, 174. 323 
longimanus, 175 
macrolepidotiis, 174 
maculatus, 161 
marginatus, 161 
Mauritii, 161 
raesoleucos, 176 
mesomelas, 176 
meta, 215 
Meyeri, 172 
miliaris, 172 
monodactylus, 158 
nasogallicus, 173 
Nicobariensis, 176 
nigricans, 215 
nigrofuscus, 215 
orbicularis, 176 
orbis, 174 
ocellatus, 173 
octofasciatus, 172 
ornatus, 323 
paru, 176 
pavo, 160 
pentacanthe, 176 
plebeius, 173 
Plumieri, 174 



Chsetodon principalis, x. 173 

properly so called, 17 

punctatus, 175 

quinquecinctus, 176 

rhombeus, 177 

rhomboides, 191 

rostratus, 173. 180. 323 

sargoide, 161 

saxatilis, 161 

sebae, 172 

sebanus, 173 

setifer, 173 

sohal, 215 

sordidus, 161 

strigangulus, 172 

striatus, 172 

Suratensis, 161. 262 

teira, 176 

tetracanthus, 175 

tricolor, 175 

triostegiis, 215 

unicornis, 216 

iinimaculatus, 173 

vagabundus, 172 

vespertilio, 176 

vittatus, 172 

zebra, 215 
Chalceus, (Cuv.) 426 

angulatus, 427 

fasciatus, 426 

macrolepidotiis, 427 

opalinus, 427 
Chane {Xavij) of the Greeks, 110 
Characin nefasch, 430 
Cbaracinus Amazonicus, 429 

of Artedi, 424 

dentex, 429 
Charax, of Risso, 163 
Chatoessus, {Cuv.) 438 
Chauliodus, (Schn.) 392 

Sloani, 392 
Cheiline scare, 253 

trilobe, 253 
Cheilnus, {Lacep.) 253 

auratus, 253 
Cheilodactylus, {Lacep.) 158 

of Carniichael, 158 

carponemus, 158 

fasce, 158 

zonatus, 158 
Cheilodipterus, (Lacep.) 107 

Arabicus, 107 

octovittatus, 107 

quinquelineatus, 10/ 
Cheilodiptere chrysoptere, 102 

cyanoptere, 154 

heptacanthe, 194 

raye, 107 
Chela of Buchanan, 383 



PISCES. 



167 



Chelmons, x. 323 
Chelmon, (Cw.) 173 
Chewoola-parah, 198 
Chimeera, {L.) 592 

the Antarctic, 593 

the Arctic, 593 

callorhynchus, 593 

monstrosa, 593 

proper, (Cuv.) 593 
Chirivita jaune, 176 

noire, 176 
Chirocentrus, (Cuv.) 444 
Chironectes, the, 369 

biocellatus, 248 

Commersonii, 247, 248 

furcipilus, 248 

hispidus, 248 

laevigatus, 247 

histrio, 370 

marmoratus, 248 

mummifer, 248 

ocellatus, 248 

pictus, 247 

punctatus, 248 

scaber, 248 

tuberosus, 248 

tumidus, 247 

unipinnis, 248 

variegatus, 248 
Chironemus, (Ciiv.) 119 

Georgianus, 119 
Chirus, (Stell.) 244 
Chitchill6e, (Russell) 163 
Chnees, of the Moluccas, 445 
Chondropterygians, branchiae of, 47 

cerebellum of, 72 
Chondropterygii, 6. 586 

supplement on the, 624 

with fixed gills, 629 
Chromis, (Cuv.) 261 

Nilotica, 262. 371 

vulgaris, 261. 371 
Chrysophris, (Cuv.) 163. 312 

of the Ancients, 163 

aurata, 163. 314 

chrysargyra, 163 

microdon, 1G3 
Chrysostromus, (Lacep.) 202 
Chrysotose lune, 200 
Chrysotosus, (Lac.) 200 
Chrysurus, 115 
Cichla macroptera, 158 
Cicilia, (Lacep.) 529 
Cirrhibarba, (Cuv.) 232 
Cirrhinus, (Cuv.) 379 
Cirrhite pantherin, 118 

tachete, 118 
Cirrhites, (Commers.) 118 

aprinus, 118 



Cirrhites vittatus, x. 118 

Citharinus, (Ciw.) 430 
Geoffrcei, 430 

Citharus, (Rondel.) 495 
asper, 495 
pinguis, 495 

Citula Banksii, 196 

Citulffi, (Cuv.) 197 

Clarias, (Grojiov.) 409 

Clepticus, (Cuv.) 259 
genizara, 259 

Clinus, (Cuv.) 231 

Clupanodon Champol, 438 
Chinois, 437 
ilisha, 438 
Jussieu, 437 

Clupea, 434 

(L. Cuv.) 435 
the genus, 474 
aestivalis, 438 
atherinoi'des, 442 
alosa, 438. 479 
Brasiliensis, 444 
clupola, 437 
coval, 437 
cyprino'i'des, 443 
dentex, 445 
dorab, 445 
encrasicholus, 441 
fasciata, 200 
finta, 438 
gigantea, 443 
harengus, 435. 474 
haumela, 208 
humeralis, 437 
kelee, 438 
latulus, 436 
matowka, 438 
melanura, 437 
melastoma, 437 
menhaden, 438 
mystax, 442 
mystus, 442 
nasus, 439 
palasah, 438 
phasa, 442 
pilchardus, 437 
Sardlna, 437- 480 
setirostris, 442 
sprattus, 436 
synura, 441 
telara, 442 
Thrissa, 439 
tuberculense, 442 
vernalis, 438 
villosa, 420 

Clupee macrocephale, 444 
raie d'argent. 442 

Coal-fish, the, 485 



168 



INDEX. 



Cobitis, (L.) X. 384 

anableps, 38fi 

barbatula, 384 

fossilis, 384 

geta, 385 

heteroclita, 387 

maialis, 388 

taenia, 385 
Cock-up, of the English of Calcutta, 103 
Cod-fish, 484 
Cod, fishery of the, 508 

flesh of the, 507 

habitat of the, 506 

Isle of Man, red, 509 

the well-known, 505 
CofFre (ostracion) quatorze piquans, 577 
Cogrus, (Rafai.) 526 
Coins catus, 115 

chatareus, 180 

coboius, 218 

datnia, 121 

nandus, 157 
Colas of Guadaloupe, 1 15 
Colisa, of Bengal, 362 
Colin, the French, 485 
Comephorus, (Lacep.) 243 
Conger, (Ciiv.) 524 

the, 544 

a. chapelet, 525 

fishing for the, 545 

nigei, 546 
Cora motta, 222 
Coracinus, of the Ancients, 261 

the white or Egyptian, 262 
Corbeau, of the Mediterranean, 226 
Cordonnier, of Martinique, 198 
Coregonoides Amboinensis, 426 
Coregonus, (Cuv.) 421 

albus, 423 

fera, 422 

hyemalis, 422 

palaea, 422 

thymalloi'des, 421 

quadrilateralis, 423 

signifer, 421 
Coricus, (Cuv.) 258 

rubescens, 258 
Coris, [Lacep.) 255 

aigrette, 255 

angule, 255 
Corvina, (Cuv.) 152 

the, 292 

acuminata, 155 

the black, 153 

formosa, 156 

furcaea, 153 

katchelee, 153 

miles, 153 

nageb, 157 



Corvina obliqua, x. 153 

oscula, 153 
Corvo di fortiera, 297 
Corvulus, (Ge.9.) 107 
Corvus Niloticus, 226 
Corydorus edentulus, 408 
Coryphaena aurata, 359 

cserulea, 261. 265 

chrysurus, 359 

from what derived, 357 

equisetus, 359 

fasciolata, 205 

(Lin.) 204 

hippurus, 205. 357 

lineata, 261 

lineolata, 261 

nigrescens, 117 

novacula, 260 

pelagica, 262 

pentadactyla, 261 

Plumieri, 263 

pompilus, 205 

psittacus, 261 

torva, 146 

velifera, 206 
Coryphsene Plumier, 263 
Cotte madegasse, 142 
Cottus, (Lin.) 133. 138 

Acadianus, 141 

anostomus, 140 

Australis, 146 

bubalis, 139 

cataphractus, 140 

diceraus, 139 

gobio, 139. 280 

grunniens, 249 

hemilepidotus, 142 

hispidus, 141 

insidiator, 142 

Japonicus, 140 

macrocephalus, 238 

monopterygius, 141 

octodecim spinosus, 139 

pistilliger, 140 

polyacanthocephalus, 139 

quadricornis, 139 

scaber, 142 

Scorpio, 281 

scorpius, 139 

spatula, 142 

trachurus, 142 

tripterygius, 141 

Virginianus, 139 
Courpata, of the Mediterranean, 226 
Crenideus, 320 
Crenilabrus, (Cuv.) 256 

Roissal, 257 

tinea, 257 
Curimate, (Gilbert) 424 



PISCES. 



169 



Curimatus, (Cuv.) x. 424 

Curvata pininia, 195 

Cybia, the, 344 

Cybium, (Cuv.) 185 
cavalla, 185 
Commersonii, 185. 344 
guttatum 1 85. 345 
lineolatum 185 
maculatum 185 
regale, 185 

Cychla, (Bl. Schn.) 262 
senea, 119 
Argus, 262 
argyrea, 170. 262 
bimaculata, 262 
brama, 262 
Brasiliensis, 262 
cuning, 170. 262 
cynodon, 262 
erythrura, 262 
guttata, 262 
Japonica, 262 
macropthalma, 262 
maculata, 262 
ocellaris, 262 
pelagica, 205. 262 
punctata, 262 
saxatilis, 262 
sparoides, 119 
Surinamensis, 262 
variabilis, 1 17 

Cyclogaster of Gronoviiis, 521 
gelatinosus, 521 
liparis, 521 

Cyclopterus, (£.) 501 
bimaculatus, 501 
Cornubicus, 518 
gelatinosus, 502 
gibbosus, 502 
liparis, 502 
littoreus, 501 
lumpus, 502, 518 
minutus, 502. 521 
Montagui, 502 
nudus, 501 
pavonius, 502 
souris, 502 
spinosus, 502. 521 
ventricosus, 502 

Cyclostoraata, 7 

(Du7n.) 617 

Cynoedus, {Gronov.) 158 

Cynodon gibbus, 429 
vulpinus, 429 

Cyprin sucet, 381 

Cyprinodon, {Lacep.) 388 

flavulus, 388 

ovinus, 388 

umbra, 388 

Cuv. Index. 



Cyprinodon, variegatus, x. 388 
Cyprinoi'des, 374 
Cyprinus alburnus, 382 

{Cuv.) 375 

amarus, 378 

Anne Caroline, 376 

aspius, 382 

ariza, 382 

auratus, 377, 456 

bacaila, 383 

ballerus, 380 

barbus, 378 

basbora, 382 

bendelesis, 379 

binny, 378 

bipunctatus, 382 

blicca, 389 

boga, 382 

brama, 389 

Buggenhagii, 380 

bulatmai, 378 

calbasu, 379 

capoeta, 379 

carassius, 376 

carpio, 376. 451 

catla, 377 

cirrhosus, 379 

clupeoides, 383 

cocsa, 379 

cotis, 380 

cultratus, 383 

curmuca, 379 

daniconius, 379 

dantica, 383 

dentex, 428 

devarid, 377 

dobula, 381 

erythrophthalmus, 382 

fimbriatus, 380 

gibelio, 377 

gobio, 379 

gonius, 379 

gonorynchus, 384 

grislagine, 382 

gros vfcux, 377 

idus,"381 

jeses, 382 

kunama, 379 

latus, 380 

lepidotus, 378 

leuciscus, 382 

macrophthalinus, 377 

mola, 382 

morar, 383 

mordore, 376 

morula, 379 

iqrigala, 379 

mur!-;a, 378 

nandina, 379 
Z 



170 



INDEX. 



Cyprinus, nasiis, x. 382 
Niloticus, 380 
pala, 382 
phoxinus, 382 
quatre lobes, 377 
rex cyprinoium, 376 
Rohita, 379 
rouge-bfun, 37G 
rutilus, 381 
sophore, 382 
teres, 381 
tinea, 379 
tinea auratus, 379 
tolo, 382 
vimba, 380 
vert-violet, 376 
Dactyloptera, {Lac.) 137 

Orientalis, 138 
Dalophis, {Rafin.) 528 
Dalatias nocturnus, 604 
Dangiri mangelang, 183 
Dascyllus, (Cuv.) 161 
Datnia Buchanani, 121 

cancellata, 121 
Daurade, whence derived, 313 
Deddi-jallah, 403 
Delatias sparophagus, 605 
Demi-bee de Baggewaal, 395 
Dentale, of the Italians, 166 
Dentex, {Ciw.) 165 

the genus, 316 
hexodon, 166 
macrocephalus, 166 
macropthalmus, 166 
vulgaris, 166. 317 
Derbio, the (Rond.) 190 
Diabolus marinus, 617 
Diabase, striped, 156 
Diacope, {Cuv.) 114 
calveti, 114 
macolor, 114 
notata, 114 
octolineata, 1 14 
quadriguttata, 114 
rivulata, 114 
Seb£e, 114 
Diagramma (Cuv.) 157 
lineatum, 157 
pertusum, 158 
pictum, 158 
pcEcilopteruni, 158 
Diana semilunata, 206 
Diodon, (/..) 566 

antennatus, 566 
atinga, 566. 579 
histrix, 566. 581 
holocanthus, 581 
jaculiferus, 566 
inola, 570 
multimaculatiis. 566 



Diodon nictemerus, x. 566 

novem-maculatus, 566 

orbiculatus, 566 

pilosus, 567 

punctatus, 566 

rivulatus, 566 

sex-maculatus, 566 

spinosissimus, 566 

tigrinus, 566 

triodricus, 566 
Diploprion, {Knhl 4" fan Hasselt) 106 

bifasciatum, 106 
Dipterodon, 178 

Capensis, 178 

hexacanthe, 107 

ruber, IO7 
Discoboli, 499 
Ditchsee, {Schn.) 437 
Dondoo-paum, 530 
Dog-fish, 631 
Dondruin yellakah, 573 
Donzelles, (French) 535 
Doras, [Lacep.) 407 

granulosus, 408 

niger, 408 

oxyrhyncus, 408 
Dorosoma, {Rafin.) 438 
Dorsch, of the Baltic, 484 
Dorse, the 510 
Dorsuaire, (Lacep.) 177 
Drum, the 303 
Dules, (Cuv.) no 
auriga, 120 
rupestris, 120 
tseniurus, 120 



Echelus, (Rafin.) 523 
Enchelyopus colias, 127 
Echeneis, (L.) 503 

lineata, 504 

osteochir, 504 

naucratus, 504 

remora, 504 
Echiquier, 1', (Lacep.) 255 
Eel, the common, 539 

the conger, 524 

eggs of the, 543 

the electric, 532. 549 

food of the, 542 

habitat of the, 541 

organization of the, 540 

the snake, 526 

tenkee, 616 
Eels, (properly so called,) 523 
Ekalah parah, 196 
Elacate, (Ciw.) 189 

Americana, 189 

motta, 189 



PISCES. 



171 



Eleotris, {Gronov.) x. 241 

dominatiix, 241 

lanceolata, 238 

noir, 241 

Mauritii, 193 
Elops, (Z.) 443 

(Cominers.) 259 

saurus, 423 
Emoi, 130 
Emissole commune, 602 

tachetee de blanc, 602 
Enchelyopus Americanus, 489 

barbatus, 488 
Engraulis, (Cuv.) 441 

edentulus, 442 

lemniscatus, 442 

meletta, 441 
Enoplosus, {Lacep.) 106 

armatus, 106 
Ephippii of India, 175 - 

Ephippus, (Ciw.) 174 ' 

Argus, 324 

gigas, 174 

terla, I75 
Epibulus, {Cuv.) 258 
Epidesmus maculatus, 210 
Epinephelus, 112 

ciliatus, 144 

marginalis, 113 

merra, 112 

ruber, 113 
Epinoche, of the French, 287 
Eques, {Bl.) 155 

acuminatus, 165 

Americanus, 155 

balteatus, 155 

punctatus, 155 
Equula, {Cuv.) 200 

caballa, I70 

cara, 200 

coma, 201 

daura, 201 

ensifera, 200 

fasciata, 200 

insidiatrix, 201 

minuta, 201 

ruconius, 201 

splendens, 201 

totta, 201 
Eregoodoo-tenkee, 61 7 
Erythrinus, {Gronov.) 446 

taeniatus, 446 
Esclave a six lignes, 121 
Esoces, 388 
Esox, {L.) {Cuv.) 389 

alepidotus, 390 

argenteus, 444 

belone, 393. 449 

boa, 391 



Esox Brasiliensis, x. 395 

chirocentre, 445 

estor, 390 

flavulus, 388 

gymnocephalus, 446 

hepsetus, 395 

Lewini, 465 

lucius, {pike.) 274. 389. 460 

Malabaricus, 446 

osseus, 449 

ovinus, 388 

pisciculus, 388 

reticularis, 390 

saurus, 394 

sphyraena, 130 

stomias, 392 

synodus, 431.443. 447 

truttaceus, 390 

viridis, 449 

vulpes, 444 

zonatus, 388 
Etelis, {Cuv. 4- Val.) 106 

carbunculus, 106 
Etmopterus aculeatus, 604 
Exocetus, (Z.) 395. 465 

appendiculatus, 397 

comatus, 397 

exiliens, .396. 466 

fasciatus, 396 

furcatus, 397 

mesogaster, 279. 396 

Nuttalii, 397 

volitans, 396. 465 
Fahaca, the, 582 

of the Arabs, 567 
Fanfre of the sailors, 189 
Faux merlan, 484 
Falx Venetorum, 209 
Fegaro, of the Genoese, 296 
Fierasfer, 537 

gymnotus, 534 
Filar, why called, 544 
Fi-fi, of the Isle of France, 286 
Fish, the, 1. 661 

the abdominal, 8 

angel, 608 

the apodal, 8 

with armed cheeks, 13.3 

articulation of the bones of, 51 

balloon, 564 

bones of, 58, 59 

the brain of, 28. 71 

Branchial system in osseous, 65 

cartilaginous, 6 

cartilage of the bones of, 52 

of St. Christopher, 356 

circulation of Ijlood in, 87. 89 

classification of, 10 

the coal, 512 

z 2 



172 



INDEX. 



Fish, the common, x. 7 
the cranium of, 54 
deglutition of aliment of, 85 
the ear of, 77 
egg-roes of, 98 
external organs of the senses of, 

74 
exterior of, 47 
eyes of, 36" 
the eye of, 75 
flat, 514 

food supplied by, 33 
fresh-water, 45 
in general, supplement on, 25 
globe, 564 
growth of, 99 
habitation of, 35 
habits of, 34 
head of, 3 

hermaphrodites among, 96 
Malacopterygian, 8 
intestinal canal of, 85 
manducation and teeth of, 82 
the modern definition of, 27 
moor, 569 
muscles of, 67 
muscle of the branchial apparatus 

of, 70 
muscle of tlie jaws of, 68 
muscles of the operculum of, 69 
the myology of, 66 
nerves of, 73 
the nostrils of, 78 
organs of generation of, 94 
organs of nutrition of, 82 
the organs of taste of, 79 
the organs of touch in, 80 
the ovaria of, 95 
pelagian, 38 

periodical blindness of, 37 
of St. Peter, the, 199 
the pharyngeal bones of, 60 
properly so called, 6 
pupil of tiie eye of, 76 
respiration of, 90, 91 
the scales of, 81 
secretions of, 92 
the senses in, 29 
sexual emotions of, 31 
skeleton of osseous, 53. 64 
snout of, 57 
spleen of, 87 
spawn of, 97 
spiny globe, 566 
stock, 514 
the structure of, 49 
sternum of, 63 
sun, 569 

the subbrachiau, 8 
taking of a flying, 41 



Fish, taste in, x. 4 

teeth of, 84 

temperature of, 30 

texture of the bones of, 50 

trunk, 575 

use of swim-bladder of, 93 

vertebrae of, 3. 61 

the vertical fins of, 62 
Fishes, the nature of, 25 

organization of, 25 

flat, 490 
Fistularia, {Lin.) 266 

Chinensis, 268 

immaculata, 267 

proper, {Lacep.) 267 

paradoxa, 561 

serrata, 267 

tabacaria, 267 
Fistularidse, 266 
Flag-man, 324 
Fiasco psaro, 567 
Flounder, the rose-coloured, 492 
Fundulus, {Lacep.) 387 

Brasiliensis, 388 

CBenicolus, 387 

fasciatus, 388 

Gachua, of India, 364 
Gadoides, 482 
Gadus, {L.) 482 

jEglefinus, 484 

albidus, 489 

Bacchus, 486 

barbatus, 484. 511 

blennoides, 484 

brosme, 487 

callarias, 484 

carbonarius, 485 

Cimbricus, 487 

furcatus, 489 

gracilis, 484 

longipes, 489 

luscus, 484 

macrocephalus, 471 

maculosus, 487 

Magellanicus, 486 

maraldi, 486 

merlangus, 485 

nierluccius, 485 

minutus, 484 

molua, 486 

morrhua, 483 

mustela, 487 

pollachius, 485 

quinque-cirrhatus, 487 

raninus, 489 

Saida, 484 

salarias, 230 

lota, 486, 514 

tan, 249 



PISCES. 



173 



Gadus tomcodus, x. 484 

tricinhatus, 487 

trifurcatus, 489 

virens, 485 
Galanga, 246 
Gal d'Alexandrie, 197 
Galaxias, (Cuv.) 390 
Galeus, (Cuv.) 601 
Gallus, (Cuv.) 198 
Gardon Le, 381 
Gar-fish, 393 

Gasterocephalus, (Bl.) 425 
Gasterostei, the, 287 
Gasterosteus, (Cuv.) 148 

aculeatus, 149. 288. 

argyropomus, 149 

biculeatus, 149 

brachycentrus, 149 

Canadensis, 189 

cataphractus, 149 

ductor, 189 

gymnurus, 149 

Japonicus, 148 

leiurus, 288 

niger, 149 

Noveboracensis, 149 

Occidentalis, 191 

ovatus, 191 

quadracus, 1 49 

spinarella, 138 

spinochia, 149 

trachurus, 149, 288 

tetracanthus, 149 
Gastrobranche dombey, 622 
Gastrobranchus, (Bl.) 622 

ccecus, 622. 660 
Gastropelecus sternicla, 425 
Gempylus the, 186. 346 

cohiber, 346 

Prometheus, 346 

serpens, 186. 346 

with what connected, 207 
Germon of the Biscayans, the, 183 

of Gascony, 343 
Gerres, the genus, 321 

aprion, 170 

argyreus, 170 

filamentosus, 170 

lineatus, 170 

Plumieri, 322 

poieti, 170 

rhombeus, 322 
Gerrus, (Cuv.) 170 

rhombeus, I70 
Gherad el bahr, 283 
Gilt-head, {of Pennant) 314 
Girelle Duperry, 256 

Gaymard, 255 

Labiche, 255 



Glut-eel, of the English, x. 524 
Glyphisodon, (Lac^p.) 161 

azureus, 161 

lachrymatus, 161 

melanurus, 161 

sparoi'des, 161 

uniocellatus, 161 
Gnaibi Coara, 156 
Gnathobolus, (Schn.) 439 
Gobiesoce testar, 501 
Gobiesox, (Lacep.) 500 
Gobio, {Cuv.) 379 
Gobioide rubicunda, 239 

Smyrneen, 502 
Gobioi'des, 228. 367 

{Lacep.) 238 
Gobiomore dormeur, 241 

Gronovien, 193 
Gobiomoroide pison, 240 
Gobiomore taiboa, 241 
Gobius, {Lin.) 235 

proper, {Lacep. Sf Schn.) 236 

the genus, 368 

alepidotus, 238 

auratus, 241 

bato, 238 

Boddarti, 238 

bosc, 230 

Broussonet, 238 

boulereau, 368 

capito, 237 

changua, 238 

cruentatus, 237 

elongatus, 

fluviatilis, 237 

Gronovii, 193. 240 

guiris, 238 

jozzo, 237 

Kaslreuteri, 240 

lagocephalus, 238 

lanceolatus, 238 

lota, 238 

macrocephalus, 238 

minutus, 237. 502 

niger, 237- 368 

ocellaris, 238 

pisonis, 240, 241 

oblongatus, 238 

Plumieri, 238 

Russellii, 238 

Schlosseri, 240 

striatus, 240 

strigatus, 241 

viridi-pallidus, 238 
Gode mollet, 484 
Ghomphosus, {Lacep.) 259 

cseruleus, 259 

Lacepede, 259 

viridis, 259 



174. 



INDEX. 



Gold-fish, X. 377. 456 
Gonorynchus, (Gron.) 383 
Gourami, the, 363 

{Lacep.) 220 
Granimistes, {Cuv.) 104 

acuminatus, 155 

Orientalis, 104 

trivittatus, 156 
Grig-eel, of the English, 524 
Grumblers, (what called,) 134 
Grystes, {Cuv.) 117 

Macquariensis, 117 
Guaperva, the, 198, 248 

{Marci;r.) I76 
Guarapuca, (Marcgr.) 185 
Guaratereba, (Seb.) 196 
Guaviiia, {Pa?n.) 241 
Gudgeon, the, 458 
Guebucu, {.Marcgr.) 188 
Gurgur, of Upper Egypt, 406 
Gurnard, the grey, 279 

the red, 278 

the sapphirine, 279 
Gurrah-parah, 198 
Gymnarchus, {Cuv.) 534 

Niloticus, 535 
Gymnetre cepedien, 210 
Gymnetrus, {Block.) 209 

cepedianus, 211 

Grillii, 211 

Hawkenii, 211 

Mediterraneus, 210 

Russellii, 211 
Gymnocephalus ruber, 112 
Gymnodontes, 7 
Gymnogaster, {Gronov.) 208 

Arcticus, 210 
Gymnomurene cerclee, 528 
Gymnothorax, {Bl.) 526 
Gymnotus, {L.) 530 

the genus, 547 

acus, 534. 537 

albifrons, 534 

aequilabiatus, 533 

albus, 533 

anatomy of, 553 

brachiurus, 533 

electric power of, 550 

electricus, 532. 548 

fasciatus, 533 

fierasfer, 534 

macrourus, 533 

mode of taking, 554. 557 

notopterus, 441. 534 

proper, {Lacep.) 532 

rostratus, 534 

shocks given by, 552 
Gomphosus variegatus, 259 
Gvnodontes, 564 



Haddock, the, x. 509 

English, 484 
Hale, the, 409 
Hake, the, 513 
Haemulon, {Cuv.) 156 

the genus, 305 

caudimacula, 156 

capenna, 156 

chrysopterum, 156 

elegans, 156 

heterodon, 156 
Harder, the, 193 
Harpurus, {Forst.) 214 
Hausen, 627 

Hadou, of the French, 484 
Heliasus, 161 
Helostoma, 362 

{KiM.) 219 

Temminckii, 219 
Helotes, {Cuv.) 121 

sexlineatus, 121 
Hemilepidotus, {Cuv.) J 41 
Hemiramphus, {Cuv.) 394 

Brasiliensis, 395 

brevirostris, 394 

Commei-sonii, 395 

hepsetus, 395 

longirostris, 394 

marginatus, 394 
Hemitripterus, {Cuv.) 141 
Heniochus, {Ctiv.) 174 

macrolepidotus, 323 
Hepatus of Rondelet, 312 
Heptatremus, 659 
Herder, {Shepherd) 193 
Herrings, the, 474 

migration of, 475, 476 

proper, the, 435 
Heterobranchus, {Geoff.) 408 

bidorsalis, 409 
Hippoglossus, {Cuv.) 494 
Hippocampus, {Cuv.) 560 

brevirostris, 560 

guttulatus, 560 
Hippos of Linnaeus, 195 
Histrophori, the, 351 
Histrophorus Americanos, 352 

Indicus, 352 
Holocanthe, jaune & noir, 172 
Holocanthus, {Lacep.) 175 

arcuatus, 325 

ciliaris, 325 

imperator, 325 

Lamarckii, 325 
Holocentre, argentinus, 110 

bleu, 113 

calcarifer, 103 

Chani, 110 

cili6, 159 



PISCES. 



175 



Holocentre diacanthe, x. 160 

gymnose, 113 

heptadactyle, 103 

jaune, 113 

leopard, 114 

negrillon, 160 

noire, 205 

oceanique, 113 

pantherin, 112 

rabagi, 164 

resmare, 113 

siagonotiis, 110 

Sonnerat, 160 

Thunburg, 124 
Holocentres, of Bloch, 1 12 
Holocentrum, {Artedi) 123 

diadema, 124 

hastatum, 123 

leo, 123 

longipinne, 123 

Orientale, 123 

rubrum, 123 

sammara, 124 

sogho, 123 
Holocentrus albofasciatus, 144 

amicalis, 176 

Argus, 110 

auratus, 112 

Bengalensis, 114 

cseruleo punctatus, 112 

fasciatus, 110 

Lamarck, 176 

marinus, 110 

lanceolatus, 113 

Maroccanus, 110 

ongus, 113 

punctatus, 112 

quinquelineatus, 114 

quadrilineatus, 121 

salmono'ides, 113 

servus, 120 

Surinamensis, 158 

tigrinus, 113 

unicolor, 114 

virescens, 110 
Hologymnoses, (Lace p.) 255 
Huro, {Cuv. Sf Val.) 105 

nigricans, 105 
Hydrargyre swampine, 388 ■ 
Hydrocyon, [Cuv.) 428 

brevidens, 429 

falcirostris, 428 

faucille, 428 

hepsetus, 428 

lucius, 429 

scomberoides, 429 
Hyodon, {Lesueur) 445 

clodalus, 446 
Hypopthalmus edentatus, 404 



Hypopthalmus nuchalis, x. 404 
Hypostoma, {Lacep.) 414 
etentaculatum, 414 



Ikan-Karbauw, 324 
Ikan-layer, (fan-fish,) 352 
Ikan-sumpit, 328 
Isabelita, 175 
Isakurrah Tenkee, 614 
Ischnosoma bicirrhosum, 448 
Istiophorus, {Lacep.) 188 
Isurus oxyrhynchus, 601 



Jacaraqua, 161 
Jacob Evertsen, 112 
Jaguaraca of Marcg. 123 
Jangartoo, (Russell) 437 
Jara dandree parah, 196 
Jerre potoo, 498, 499 
Jinagow, (Russ.) 443 
Joel, (Rondel.) 227 
Johnius, (Bl.) 153 

anei, 153 

of Bloch, 302 

cataleus, 153 

guttatus, 112 

humeralis, 153 

karutta, 153 

maculatus, 153 

pama, 153 

regalis, 152 

ruber, 152 

saxatilis, 154 

Senegalensis, 153 

xanthurus, 154 
Julis, (Cuv.) 254 

caeruleo-cephahis, 256 

crotaphus, 255 

GiofFredi, 254 

Turcica, 254. 256 

vulgaris, 254 
Jura sucker, 500. 518 



Karasche, ( Geqffr. ) 406 

Katalai, 302 

Katchele, 302 

Katele, 302 

Kingfisch, of the Anglo-Americans, 154 

Kiphose double bosse, 178 

Kitt, of the English, 496 

Klip bagre, 408 

Kohl-fisch, 485 

Kolinska, of the Russians, 290 

Koma sorra, 607 

Kome, (RusseU) 439 

Konam, (Russell) 185 



176 



INDEX. 



Kuddera, (Russ.) x. 394 
Kuguroo-parab, 19G 
Kunnesee, the, 224 
Kurra Wodagahwali, (Russ.) 195 
Kui-tus, (Bloch) 357 

(Cuv.) 203 

argenteus, 180 

cornutus, 204 

Indicus, 204 
Kurwa, {Russell) 166 
Kyphose, 177 



Labeo, (Cuv.) 380 

Labrax, (Pall.) 244 
(Ciiv.) 102 
decagrammus, 244 
liexagrammus, 244 
of the Greeks, 103 
Japonicus, 103 
rnonopterygius, 244 
lagocephalus, 244 
lineatus, 103 
lupus, (Cuv.) 102. 273 
mucronatus, 103 
octogrammus, 244 
superciliosus, 244 
Waigiensis, 103 

Labre argente, 256 

anguleux, 124 
ceinture, 255 
chapelet, le, 164 
Commersonien, 157 
deux croissants, 253 
diagramme, 253 
Diane, 253 
enneacanthe, 253 
fuligineux, 253 
hebraique, 256 
herisse, 253 
hololepidote, 152 
iris, 119 

large queue, 253 
large raie, 146. 263 
lisse, 1 14 
long museau, I7O 
macrocephale, 166 
macroptere, 119 
macrogastere, 161 
malapteronote, 253 
marbre, 118 
neustrien, 252 
parterre, 255 
filamenteux, 262 
Plumierien, 156 
quinze Spines, 262 
sagittaire, 180 
salmoide, 117 
six-bandes, 161 



Labre sparoi'de, x. 1 1 9 
tenioure, 255 
tetracanthe, 127 
trilobe, 255 

Labrus, {Lin.) 251 

the genus, 370 
Adriaticus, 110 
albovittatus, 255 
Americanus, 253 
auritus, 119 
ballan, 252 
bergilta, 251 
bifasciatus, 256 
bivittatus, 255 
Brasiliensis, 255, 256 
burgal, 258 
carneus, 252 
chanus, 110 
chloropterus, 255 
chogset, 258 
chromis, 155. 303 
chrysops, 258 
cruentatus, 120 
cyanocephalus, 255 
exoletus, 257 
fasciatus, 253 
fuseus, 257 
gibbus, 257 
grunniens, 155 
guttatus, 255 
hassec, 253 
hepatus, 1 10 
hiatula, 263 
inermis, 253 
jaculator, 180 
Japonicus, 158 
julis, 254 
Lapina, 257 
leopardus, 113 
lunaris, 256 
lineatus, 252 
lunula, 253 
macrolepidotus, 255 
maculatus, 251, 252 
malopterus, 255 
Margaritiferus, 255 
melagaster, 253 
melops, 257 
merula, 252 
mola, 255 
niger, 306 
Niloticus, 262 
obliquus, 153 
ocellatus, 257 
octolineatus, 114 
ornatus, 255 
palloni, 257 
perca, 257 
punctatus, 262 



PISCES. 



177 



Labrus quinquemaculatus, x. 257 
rubens, 257 
scarus, 253 
Sinkii, 258 
spalatensis, 257 
squeteague, 152. 300 
tetrodon, 256 
tinea, 252. 257 
trichopterus, 220 
trimaculatus, 252 
turdus, 252 
unimaculatus, 257 
variegatus, 252 
venosus, 257 
versicolor, 164 
vetula, 252 
violaceus, 258 
virescens, 258 
viridis, 252. 256 
Labyrinthiform Pharyngeals, 217 
Lachnolaimus, (Ctw.) 254 
caninus, 254 
suillus, 254 
Lseviraia, (Salv.) 613 
Lamayellaka, 572 
Lamies, (Fr.) 600 
Lampreys, the, 618. 654 
Lamprillon, 623 
Lampries, (Refzius) 200 

guttatus, 200 
Lamproyon, 623 
Lates, (Cuv.) 103 

of the Ancients, 103 
Niloticus, 103. 273 
nobilis, 103 
Latte, (Russ.) 175 
Latus, of the Ancients, 103 
Lavaret, false name of, 421 
Lebias, (Cuv.) 387 

ellipsoidea, 387 
fasciata, 387 
rhomboi'dalis, 387 
Leiche, the, (Bmiss.) 605 

Laborde, 606 
Leiostome queue jaune, 154 
Lepadogaster, 517 

{Goua7i.) 499. 500. 517 
balbis, 500. 518 
Decandolle, 500 
dentex, 501 
Candolii, 518 
proper, 500 
rostratus, 500. 517 
Wildenou, 500 
Lepidoleprus, [Risso) 489 
ccelorhyncus, 490 
trachyrhyncus, 490 
Lepidope argente, 207 
of P6ron, 207 
Cuv. Index. 



Lepidopus, (Gouan.) x. 207 

argyreus, 207. 346 
Lepiscanthus, of Lacepede, 147- 287 
Lepisostee spatule, 449 
Lepisosteus, {Lacep.) 448 
Lepodus saragus, 178, 179 
Leptocephalus, {Pen7ian1^ 535 

Morissii, 535 
Leptocephale Spallanzani, 529 
Lepturus, {Artedi) 208 
Lethrinus, the, 166. 318 
Leyognathe argente, 200 
Leuciscus, {Klein.) 381 
Liche, the, (Brouss.) 605 

sineuse, 190 
Lichia, (Ctw.) 190 

sinuosa, 190 
Licone de mer, 519 
Ling, the, 486. 514 
Linguatula, (Rondel.) 498 
Liparis, 521 

(Artedi) 502 
Loache, pond, 384 
Lobotes, (Cuv.) 158 

Surinamensis, 30G 
Loche d'etang, 384 
Lonchuri, the, 154 
Lonchurus ancylodon, 152. 301 

barbatus, 154. 301 ' 

Lophe cheronecte, 248 
Lophie fauyas, 249 
Lophius barbatus, 247 

budecassa, 246 

bufo, 249 

Cornubicus, 247 

dubius, 250 

gibbus, 247 

histrio, 247, 248 

histrio ocel. 248 

histrio pictus, 247 

monopterygius, 247 

parvipinnis, 246 

pictus, 248 

piscatorius, 246. 369 

raninus, 248 

ruber, 249 

setigerus, 246 

stellatus, 249 

vespertilio, 248 

viviparus, 246 
Lophobranchii, the, 7- 558 
Lophotes, (Giorna) 212 

cepedianus, 213 
Lopius, proper, (Lin.) 245 
Loricaria cataphracta, 414 

(L.) 413 

cirrhosa, 41 4 
plecostomus, 414 
proper, 414 
A a 



178 



INDEX. 



Loricaria rostrata, x. 414 

setigera, 414 
Lota, 514 

{Cuv.) 48G 

elongata, 486 

molva, 514 
Lucio-perca, {Ctiv.) 109 

Americana, 109 

Sandra, 109. 274 
Lumpsucker, 519 
Lumpus, 501 

Lupus, of the Romans, 103 
Lutjan of Cayenne, 152 

diacanthe, 153 

gymnocephale, 108 

hexagon e, 124 

microstome, 157 

triangle, 152 

perchot, 160 

trilobe, 117 
Lutjans (of Bloch,) the, 112 
Lutjanus acutirostris, 115 

bidens, 257 

erythropterus, 115 

hasta, 157 

Lamarckii, 258 

lunulatus, 112 

luteus, 157 

lutjanus, 115 

Mediterraneus, 257 

Norvtigicus, 257 

notatus, 258 

rostratus, 257 

rupestris, 257 

Surinamensis, 157 

trifasciatus, 160 

verres, 257 

viresoens, 257 

viridens, 258 
Luvarus imperialis, 203 
Lymne (Lacep.) 615 

Macabi, (Parr a) 444 

Mackerel, the, 181 

the bastard, 355 
cerebellum of, 72 
the common. 38. 181 
derivation of, 333 
the genus, 330 
the little, 182 
swim-bladder of, 93 

Macquaria, from Australia. 307 

Macrognate arme, 191 

Macrognathus, 354 
pancalus, 191 
{Lacep.) 191 

Macropode vert dore, 21 9 

Macropodus, 362 

(Lacep.) 210 



Macropteronote brun, x. 409 
Macropteronotes, (Lacep.) 409 

magur, 409 
Macroramphose (Lacep.) 268 
Macrourus, (Block.) 489 

rupestris, 490 
Maculato-striatus, 566 
Mcena, (C«?;.) 168 

the genus, 321 

jusculum, 169 

radiata, 169 

vulgaris, 168 
Moenidia, of Brown, 228. 395 
Maigre, the, 292 

at Aunis, 151 

brule, 152 

of the Cape, 152 
Mais-parah, 197 
Makaira, (Lacep.) 188 

blackish, 188 
Mai, of the Swedes, 401 
Malacanthus, (Cuv.) 263 
Malacopterygian family, the, 21 
Malacopterygians, what called, 48 
Malacopterygii, 7 

abdominales, 279. 374 451 

apodes, 522. 539 

subrachiati, 482 
Malapterurus, (Lactp.) 411 
Mallotus, (Cuv.) 420 
Malthe, (Cuv.) 248 

angusta, 249 

nasuta, 248 

notata, 249 

stellata, 249 

truncata, 249 
Manatia, (Lac.) 617 
Mangelang, (Russell,) 185 
Mango-fish, 129 
Manti-bukaropaumu, 529 
Marqueraux batardo, 195 
Marulke, 144 
Mastacembelus, 354 

(Gronov.) 192 
Matejuelo bianco, 263 
Megalope filamenteuse, 443 
Megalops, (Lacep.) 442 

cepedianus, 439 

notatus, 439 

oglina, 439 
Meleagris, (Sh.) 577 
Mene (Lacep.) 201 
Mene, Anne Caroline, 201 
Merlan, 486 
Merlangus, 485 

the, 51 1 

carbonarius, 512 

pollachius, 513 

vulgaris, 51 1 



PISCES. 



179 



Merle, the, x. 205 
Merluccius, 485. 513 

barbatus, 489 
Merous, the, 111 
Menides, 168 
Mesoprion, 115 

(Cuv.) 114 

buccanella, 115 

cynodon, 115 

lunulatus, 115 

monostygma, 115 

quinque lineatus, 115 

rangus, 115 

rapilli, 115 

sillao, 115 

unimaculatiis, 1 15 

uninotatus, 115. 253 
Meunier, le, 381 
Microptere Dolom"eu, 159 
Micropterus, {Lacip.) 159 
Microstoma, {Cuv.) 391 
Micrura, {Bl.) 616 
Miller's-thumb, the, 280 
Mobular, 617 

Mocharra, in South America, 170 
Molinesia, (Lesueur.) 388 

latipinna, 388 
Molle, 488 

Monacanthus, (Cuv.) 573 
Monk-fish, 640 
Monocentris, (Bl. Schn.) 147 

of Bloch, 287 • 

Japonica, 148 
Monoceros, {Bl. Sch.) 216 
Monochir, {Cm.) 498 

theophile, 499 
Monodactyle falciforme, 177 
Monopterus, {Com. Sf Lacep.) 529 

Javanensis, 529 
Mookalee parah, 191 
Mookarrah tenkee, 616 
Moon-fish, the, 200 
Moringa, of the Antilles, 527 
Mormyrus {L.) 397 

anguillo'i'des, 398 

bane, 399 

de Belbey's, 399 

cannume, 398 

caschive, 398 

cyprinoides, 399 

de Denderah, 398 

dorsalis, 399 

d' Hasselquist, 398 

labia tus, 399 

oxyrinque, 398 

de Salheyhe, 399 
Morrhua, 483 
Motella, {Cuv.) 487 

TEglefinus, 509 



Mourines, the, x. 615 
Mucu, the, 208 
Mud-fish, 388 
Mugil, {Lin.) 222 

the genus, 365 

albula, 224. 367 

appendiculatus, 225. 443 

auratus, 224 

cseruleo-maculatus, 225 

capito, 224 

cascasia, 225 

cephalus, 223. 365 

chanos, 225 

chelo, 225 

Christian, 225 

cinereus, 225 

cirrhostomus, 225 

corsula, 224 

of Forsk, 224 

crenilabis, 225 

Ferrandi, 225 

labeo, 225 

lineatus, 224 

niger, 226 

parsia, 225 

peradak, 225 

Phimieri, 224 

saliens, 367 

salmoneus, 225. 443 

saltator, 224 
Mugilo'ides, the, 222 
Mugilomore, Ann Caroline, 255. 443 
Mullet, the mountain, 367 
Mullets, king of the, 107 
Mullers, {Lin.) 131 
Mullus, (properly so called,) 132 

barbatus, 132. 277 

bifasciatus, 132 

imberbis, 107 

tnultibande, 132 

Russellii, 132 

surmuletus, 132. 278 

trifasciatus, 132 

vittatus, 132 
Murjena, {L.) 522 

{Lacep.) 523 

{rhunh.)b2G 

the genus, 539 

anguilla, 524 

annulata, 526 

Balearica, 525 

cjEca, 529 

Cassini, 525 

catenatus, 528 

Christini, 528 

colubrina, 522. 526 

conger, 524. 554 

the common, 527. 546 

favaginea, 527 

A a2 



180 



INDEX. 



Muraena fasciata, x. 526 

grisea, 547 

Helena, 527- 546 

longicollis, 524 

maculosa, 526 

Meleagris, 527 

moringa, 527 

myrus, 524, 525 

mystax, 525 

nebulosa, 528 

nigra, 525 

ondule, 528 

ophis, 526 

patherina, 527- 547 

picta, 527 

pintade, 527 

pratbernon, 527 , 

proper, 546 

punctata, 527 

saga, 528 

savanna, 525 

serpens, 526 

sordida, 528 

strongylodon, 525 

talabou, 525 

unicolor, 527 

zebra, 528 
Mursenoides, (Lacep.) 232 
Muraenophis, (Lacep.) 526, 527 

saga, 528 

coiubrina, 526 
Murenophis etoile, 528 

gris, 527 
Mustek fusca, 487 

maculata, 487 
Mustelus, (Cuv.) 601 
Muttah, (Russell,) 222 
Myletes, (Cuv.) 427 

brachypomus, 427 

duriventris, 427 

Hasselquistii, 428 

macropomus, 42? 

pace, 427 

rhomboidalis, 427 
Myliobatis, (Dum.) 615 

bovina, 616 

marginata, 616 
Myripristris, (Cuv.) 124 

Jacobus, 124 

Japonicus, 124 

parvidens, 124 
Mysticetus, of Aldrovandus, 490 
Mystus, (Arted. &; Lin.) 402 
Myxine, (L.) 620 

glutinosa, 622 
Myxodes, (Cuv.) 2^1 

Nallatemerce, 6. 11 
Naseus, the genus, 359 



Naseus brevirostris, x. 216 

Carolinarum, 216 

(Commer.) 216 

fronticornis, 216 

incornis, 216 

tandock, 216 

tuber, 216 

tumifrons, 216 
Nason loupe, 216 
Natoo, (Russ.) 442 
Naucrates, (Rafin.) 189 

the genus, 352 

ductor, 352 
Nez, le (French), 600 
Niphons, (Cuv. c^- Val.) 106 
Niphon spinosus, 106 
Niqui, of Pison, 250 
Nettasoma melanura, 528 
Nomeus, (Cuv.) 193 

Mauritii, 193 

with what confounded, 193 
Noree nalaka, 495 
Nonnat, what called, 227 
Notacanthus, 354 

{Bl.) 192 

nasus, 192 
Notaptere kapirat, 441 
Notemigonus, (Rafin.) 438 
Notidanus, (Cuv.) 602 
Notistium, (Herman), 188 
Notoptere capirat, 534 

fontanes, 537 
Notopterus, (Lacep.) 440 
Novacula coryphaena, 261 

Oblada, (Cuv.) 168, 320 

communis, 168 
Odax, (Cuv.) 265 
Odontognathe aiguillonne, 440 
Odontognathus, {Lacep.) 439 
Oligopodus, (Lacep. ) 206 
Officier, 1', 484 
Olistus, (Cuv.) 197 
Olivaceus, (Brtinn.) 257 
Ombrina Fournieri, 155 
Omalius de Hallois, 623 
Ompok siluroide, 402 
Opah, of Pennant, the, 200 
Ophicephali, the, 364 
Ophicephalus auranticus, 222 

{Bl.) 221 

barca, 222 

chena, 222 

lata, 222 

gachua, 222 

marginatus, 222. 364 

marulius, 222 

punctatus, 222 

sola, 222 



PISCES. 



181 



Ophicephalus sowara, x. 222 

striatus, 222 
Ophidie, chinoise, 211 
Ophidium, (Z,.) 535 

aculeatum, 191 

barbatum, 536, 537 

blacodes, 537 

brevibarbe, 536 

dentatum, 537 

glesne, 211 

imberbe, 537 

ocellatum, 537 

Vassal!, 536 

virile, 537 
Ophiognathus, {Hariuood,) 531 

ampullaceus, 531 
Ophis hyala, 526 

long-museau, 526 
Ophisurus, (Lacep.) 525 

atternan, 526 

guttatiis, 526 

ophis, 526 
Opistognathus, {Cuv.) 233 

Sonnerati, 233 
Orcynus, {Cuv.) 183 
Oreosoma, the, 290 

(Cuv.) 150 
Orphie, {Belo7ie,) 393 
Orthagoriscus, {Sch7i.) 569 

oblongus, 569. 570 

hispidus, 569 

spinosus, 570 

varius, 569 
Osmere k bandes, 431 

galonne, L', 431 
Osmeri, (Lacep.) 428 
Osmerus, (Jrted.) 419 

the sub-genus, 474 
Osphromene Gal, 220 
Osphromenus, (Commerson.) 219. 363 

notatus, 220 

olfax, 220 

vittatus, 220 
Osteoglossum, ( Vandellii) 448 
Osteorinque fleurieu, 107 
Ostracion, {L.) 575 

arcus, 577 

auritus, 577 

bicaudalis, 576 

bicuspis, 576 

concatenatus, 576 

cornutus, 577 

cubicus, 577 

diaphanus, 577 

gibbosus, 577 

lentiginosus, 577 

nasus, 577 

punctatus, 577 

quadricovnis, 576 

stellifer, 576 



Ostracion trigonus, x. 576 

triqueter, 576, 577 

tuberculatus, 577 

turritus, 577 
Otolith!, the, 152 
Otolithus, 299 

{Cuv.) 152 

guatucupa, 152 

regalis, 152 

rhomboidalis, 152 

ruber, 152. 300 

striatus, 152 

versicolor, 152 
Otter pike, of the English, 126 
Ovum, Commersonii, 569 
Ovoide fusee, 569 
Oxycephas scabrus, 490 



Pacu, {Spix.) 424 
Pagellus, 315 

(Cuv.)\6'i 

erythrinus, 316 
Pagrus, 164 

acarne, 165 

bogaraveo, 165 

calamus, 164 

centrodontus, 165 

erythrinus, 165 

lithognathus, 164 

mormyrus, 165 

penna, 164 

totus argenteus, 322 

vulgaris, 164. 315 
Palasorrah, the, 600 
Pamples, what called, 202 
Panieri, 218 
Paningu, {Renard,) 215 
Pantouflier, {Res.) 607 
Panura, (Marcgr.) 230 
Paralepis, (Cm«;.) 131 
Parring, of the Moluccas, 445 
Parrot-fishes, 264 
Pastinaca, {Adans.) 613 

grabatus, 615 

runsua, 615 
Peche lait, the, 193 

naire, of Pondicherry, 103 

pierre, 152. 299 
Pectorales pediculati, 245 
Pedakome, {Russell,) 439 
Pedda mottah, 1 89 

poorawah, 442 ' 

Pegasus, {L.) 561 

draco, 562 

laternarius, 562 

natans, 562 

volans, 562 
Pegouze, {Rondel.) 498 



182 



INDEX. 



P^gouze, of Risso, x. 499 
Peis-rei of Languedoc, 294 
Pei S. Pierre, 518 

poure, 517 
Peisrey of Languedoc, 151 
relates, {Ciiv.) 121 

quinque lineatus, 121 
Pelor filamentosum, 285 

horrida, 285 
Pelors, 146 

obscurura, 147 
Pempheris, (Chv.) 179 

the genus, 328 

mangula, 180 

Molucca, 180 

touea, 179 
Pennatula filosa, 187 
Pentapoda, 16G 
Pentapus vittatus, 318 
Peprilus, (C«z;.) 202 

crenulatus, 203 

Kurtus allied to, 203 
Perca, (Cuv.) 102 

{^Linnceus), 101 

acerina, 119 

acuta, 102 

Antarctica, 194 

asper, (Lin.) 105 

aurata, 159 

bilineata, 105 

bimaculata, 262 

cabrilla, 110 

ciliata, 102 

cernua, (Lin.) 116 

chrysoptera, 156 

cirrhosa, 143 

cotto'ides, 146 

diagramma, 158 

elongata, 103 

flavescens, 102 

fluvialis, 102 

fluviatilis (Perch), 271. 574 

forniosa, 156 

gigas, (^Gm) 112 

gracilis, 1 02 

granulata, 102 

grunniens, 157 

guttata, 112 

juba, 157 

labrax, (Liu.) 102. 273 

lineata, 107 

lucio-perca, 109. 274 

maculata, 112 

marginata, 102 

marina, 110. 144 

Mitchilli, 103 

nigra, 205 

Nilotica, 103. 273. 294 

Norvegica, 144 

ocellata, 152 



Perca pertusa, x. 158 

picta, 158 

Plumieri, 102 

prognathus, 1 17 

pusilla, 199 

saltatrix, 194 

saxatilis, 103 

scandens, 218 

Schraitzer, 1 16 

scriba, 110 

sorrato granulata, 102 

trifurca, 117 

undulata, 153 

unimaculata, 163 

varia, 117 

variabilis, 144 

Volgensis, 100 

zingel, 105 
Perch, the, 101 

black, 117 

cerebellum of, ^2 

the common, 102 

cranium of the, 55 

the pond, 119 

the, (properly called so,) 102 

sea, (commonly called,) 110 

triple-tailed black, 306 
Percha pulchella, 124 
Percis, (Bl. Sch.) 126 

cancellata, 127 

colias, 127 

cylindrica, 127 

maculata, 127 

ocellata, 127 

semifasciata, 127 
Percoides, the, 101 

the abdominal, 129 

genera linked to the, 19 

the jugular, 125 

supplement on, 270 

thoracic, 101 
Percophis, (Cuv.) 127 

Brasilianus, 127 

Fabre, 127 
Periopthalmus, (Schn.) 239 

papilio, 243 

ruber, 240 
Peristedion, (Lactp.) 137 
Perro Colorado, 257 
Perseque pentacanthe, 105 

triacanthe, 105 

vanloo, (Risso) 296 
Pesce balestra, 571 
Pes-Espada, of Monte Video, 34? 
Petromyzon, (L.) 618. 657 

argenteus, 620 

branchialis, 620. 623 

cirrhatus, 622 

fluvialis, 620 

marinus, 620 



PISCES. 



183 



Petromyzon planeri, x. 620. 623 

rouge, 623 

sucet, 620 
Phaeton sethereus, 42 
Phalangista, {Pall.) 140 
Phalangistes acipenserinus, 140 

fusiformis, 140 

loricatus, 140 
Pharyngeals, labvrinthiform, 300 
Pholis, (Artedi) 230 
Phycis, (Art. Sf Schn.) 488 

of the ancients, 236 

blenoi'des, 489 

fusca, 489 

Mediterraneus, 488 

ranina, 489 

tinea, 488, 489 
Piabucus, (Cuv.) 425 
Picarel commun, le, 169 

raillard, 170 
Pike, the, 460 

of America, 104 

of Chalons, 461 

the common, 389 

frog, 464, 465 

length of the, 463 

perch, the, 109. 274 
Pikes, king of the, 465 
Pilot, the, 352 

the common, 194 
Pilot-fish, 189 
Pimeloptere bosquien, 178 
Pimelepterus, {Lacep.) 177 
Pimelode aboureal, 403 

scheilan, 406 
Pimelodus, {Lacep.) 177 

aor, 403 

bilineatus, 403 

biscutatus, 406 

carasius, 403 

carcio, 403 

Cranchii, 468 

conirostris, 406 

Cyclopum, 468 

gagata, 406 

genidens, 405 

Herzbergii, 405 

gulio, 403 

maculatus, 404 

membranaceus, 406 

namdia, 405 

nangra, 403 

octo-cirrhus, 405 

pirinamp, 405 

properly so called, 404 

sebae, 405 

silondia, 407 

synodontes, 400 
Pimeloptere du Cap, 178 



Pimelopterus marciac, x. 178 
Pinguipes, {Ctiv.) 127 

Brasilianus, 127 
Pinnae spurise, 181 
Piquitinga, (Marcg.) 395. 442 
Pira aca, 574 
Plagiostomi (Desin.) 594 
Plaice, the, 492 
Platax, the, 176. 326 
Platessa, (Ow.) 492. 514 

achirus, 499 

aquosus, 496 

aramaca, 496 

Argus, 497 

bilineatus, 499 

Borealis, 493 

Boscii, 496 

cardina, 496 

Commersonien, 498 

flesus, 514 

hippoglosus, 494 

hirtus, 496 

jerreus, 498 

laevis, 496 

lascaris, 498 

latus, 493 

limanda, 494 

limanoTdes, 495 

lineatus, 499 

macrolepidotus, 495. 496 

maculosus, 496 

mancus, 597 

maximus, 495 

mollis, 499 

nudus, 496 

ocellatus, 498 

Orientalis, 498 

Pan, 498 

passer, 493 

plagiusa, 498 

platessa, 514 

pola, 493 

punctatus, 496 

rhombus, 320. 495 

Rondeletii, 491 

solea, 497 

trichodactylus, 499 

triocellatus, 496 

unimaculatus, 496 

zebra, 491 
Platycephalus, (Bl.) 142 

dormitator, 142. 241 

endractensis, 142 

sexatilis, 142 

sihamus, 123 

spatula, 243 

undecimalis, 142 
Platyptera melanocephala, 244 

trigonocephaln, 244 



184 



IXDEX. 



Platypterus, {Kuhl. S( Vim Hasselt.) x. 

244 
Platvstacus anguillaris, 410 
{Bl.) 411 
cotylephorus, 413 

laevis, 413 

verrucosus, 413 
Plectognathi, the, 7- 563 

what called, 19 
Plectropoma, (Cuv.) 114 

puella, 114 

melanoleucum, 114 
Plectorynque, (Lacep.) 157 
Plectropome ponctue, 114 
Plesiops, iCuv.) 263 
Pleuronectes, {L.) 491 

adalah, 495 
arel, 499 

diaphanus, 497 

erumei, 495 

flesus, 493 

lunatus, 497 

mangilii, 498 

microchirus, 498 

nalaka, 496 

ornatus, 517 

planus, 494 

plagiusa, 499 

plagusice, 499 

platessa, 492 

podas, 497 

potoiis, 499 

rhombo'ides, 497 

rhombus, 516 

stellatus, 494 
Plotosus, {Lacep.) 409 

csesius, 410 
Pcecilia, (Schn.) 387 

canicola, 387, 388 

calaritana, 387 

multilineata, 387 

fasciata, 388 

Schneideri, 387 

Surinamensis, 387 

unimacula, 387 

vivipara, 387 
Pogonate dore, 305 
Pogonathe courbine, 155 

dore, 154 
Pogonatus auratus, 412 

courbin, 412 
Pogoniae, the, 302 
Pogonias, (Lacep.) 154 

fasce, 154 
Poisson loup, 462 

St. Pierre, 356 
Poissons, histoire naturelle des, 11.12 
Pole of Belon, the, 498 
Pollock, the, 485. 513 



Polooso-parah, x. 196 
Polyacanthus, 362 

(KuJd.) 218 
Polydactyle phimier, 130 
Polynemus, (Lin.) 129 

Americanus, 130 

decadactylus, ISO 

enneadactylus, 130 

Niloticus, 378 

Paradiseus, 129 

plebeius, 130 

quinquarius, 129 

sextarius, 130 

tetradactylus, 130 

uronemus, 130 
Polyodon, (Lac.) 591 

feuille, 591 
Polyprion, (Cuv.) 116 

cernium, 117 
Polypterus, (Geoffr.) 449 

bichir, 450 

Senegalus, 450 
Pomacanthus, (Cuv.) 176 
Pomacentre croissant, 173 

paon, 160 
Pomacentrus, (Quoij &; Gaym.) 160 

(Lacep.) 160 

emarginatus, 160 

punctatus, 160 
Pomatome Skib, 194 
Pomatomus, (Riss.) 107 

telescope, 108 
Pomolobus, (Rafln.) 438 
Pomotis vulgaris, 119 

(Ciiv.) 119 
Poorwa, (Riiss.) 442 
Porcus bayad, 403 
Pounder, the, 443 
Poure, 572 
Premnas, (Cmv.) 160 

unicolor, 160 
Pretre, le, 227 
Priacanthus, (Cuv.) 119 
Prieglers of Holstein, 332 
Priodon, (Cuv.) 216 

annularis, 216 
Prionotes, 136 
Prionure microlepidote, 215 
Prionurus, (Lacep.) 215 
Pristigaster, (Cuv.) 440 

Cayanus, 440 
tardoore, 440 
Pristopoma, (Cuv.) 156 
caripa, 157 
core, 157 
guoraca, 157 
hasta, 157 
nageb, 157 
paikelli, 157 



PISCES. 



185 



Pristis, {Lath.) x. 608 

antiquorum, 008- G41 

cirrhatus, 608 

cuspidatus, 608 

microdon, 608 

pectinatus, 608 

semi-sagittatus, 608 
Psettus Commersonii, 177 

rhombeus, 177 

sebae, 177 
Pteraclis, {Gronov.) 206 

velifer, 206 
Pterois, {Cuv.) 144 
Pyra pixanga, 112 

Quiebra-acha, 191 

Raasch, the, 411 

Raie, fabronienne, la, 617 

Raia, {Cuv.) 612 

aquila, 616. 651. 653 

aspera, 613 

asterias, 613 

Banksiana, 653 

batis, 612. 650 

cephaloptera, 617 

clavata, 612. 614. 649 

flagellum, 616 

fullonica, 613 

giorna, 617 

Gesneri, 614 

halavi, 610 

Jamaicensis, 615 

Jussieui, 616 

lymna, 614 

maclura, 615 

manatia, 653 

miraletus 613 

Nieuhowii, 616 

narinari, 616 

oculata aspera, 612 

orbicularis, 615 

oxyrhincus major, 612, 613 

pastinaca, 614. 651 

quadriloba, 616 

rostellata, 613 

rubus, 612 

rudula, 613 

sabina, 614 

sephen, 614 

timlei, 611 

torpedo, 611 

iindulata, 613 
Raie Banksienne, 617 

bordee, 613 

chardon, 613 

chinoise, 610, 611 

croisee, la, f;i5 

Cuvier, 613 
Cuv. Jitdex. 



Raie giorna, x. 617 

lentillat, 613 

ondee, 613 

tuberculee, 61 4 
Raii, of the Nile, 428 
Ramado of Nice, the, 224 
Raniceps, 489 
Rason 1' ecluse, 261 
Ray, rough, 612. 649 

the sting, 614 
Rays, 643 
Razor-fisli, 261 
Regalec lanceole, 211 
Regalecus glesne, 211 

maculatus, 210 

remipes, 21 1 
Requin (French), 599 

a nageoires noires, 600 
Rliina, {Sch.) 610 

ancylostomus, 610 
Rhinchobdella, {Bl. Schn.) 191 

aral, 191 
Rhinobatus, {Schn.) 609 

Djiddensis, 609 

electricus, 610 

laevis, 609 

rhinobatus, 610 

tliouin, 610 
Rhinoptera, the, 616 
Rhombus, 515 

{Cuv.) 495 

barbatus, 516 

candidissimus, 497 

polus, 498 

maximus, 515 
Rhynchobdella, 354 

halepensis, 192 

Orientalis, 191 
Riband-fish, 206 
Rinelepis aspera, 414 
Roblots of Picardy, 332 
Roschal, the, 429 
Rouge-gueule, 305 
Roussette, of Gunner, 598 
Roussea at Marseilles, the 165 
Rypticus, {Cuv.) 116 

arenatus, 116 



Sabran of Commerson, 445 
Sabre of Commerson, 445 
Saccopharynx, {Mitchell) 531 

flagellum, 531 
Sagre, the, {Brouss.) 604 
Saida, tlie, 484 
Sailors, the, 351 
Sairis liians, 394 

{Rafin) 394 
Salanx, (Cuv.) 392 
B b 



186 



INDEX. 



Salarias, (C?w.)x. 231 

qiiadripinnis, 231 

Salema, (Marcgr.) 163 

Salmlet, of the English, 418 

Salmo, (i.)415. 468 
yEgyptius, 430 
alpinus, 418 
albula, 422 
anostomus, 425 
argentinus, 425 
Badi, 431 

biraaculatiis, 425, 426 
falcatus, 428 
clupeo'ides, 422 
conirostris, 431 
curima, 424 
cyprinoides, 424. 430 
dentex, 428. 429 
edentulus, 424 
eperlanus, 420. 474 
foetens, 431 
fario, 418 
filamentosus, 433 
fasciatus, 424 
Frederici, 424 
gibbosus, 425 
Grcenlandicus, 420 
hamatus, 416 
hucho, 417 
intermedins, 431 
Lemanus, 417 
marcenula, 422 
marcena, 422 
marmoratus, 418 
melanurns, 425 
Mexicanus, 431 
microps, 431 
minutus, 431 
myops, 431 
Niloticns, 428. 430 
odoe, 428 
ophiodon, 431 
oxyrhincus, 421 
peled, 423 
punctatus, 418 
rhomboides, 426 
Schiefermullevi, 416 
salar, 416. 468 
salvelinus, 418 
saurus, 431. 447 
sikus, 423 
silus, 423 
tcEniurus, 424 
thymallus, 421 
thymallus latiis, 422 
truncatus, 431 
trutta, 417 
tumbil, 431 
umbla, 419 



Salmo unimaculatus, x. 424 

Wartmanni, 422 
Salmon, entrance into rivers of, 469 

growth of, 473 

maxillary bones of, 56 

shoals of, 470 

spawning of, 472 

rapid swimming of, 471 
Salmon-trout, 417 
Salmone varie, 431 
Salmonidse, 415 
Saltator, [Commers.) 231 
Saluth of the Swiss, 401 
Salviani, 162 

Sandkruyper of Renard, 142 
Sansonnets, of the French, 182 

of Normandy, 332 
Sarda, {Cuv.) 184 

of Rondelet, 185 
Sar de Toulon, 310 
Sardes a plumes, 164 
Sardine de la Martinique, 437 
Sargue de Rondelet, Le, 162 
Sargus, {Cuv.) 162 

annularis, 162 

raucus, 162 

Rondeletii, 309, 310 

vulgaris, 162 
Sarikulla, {Russ.) 153 
Sauclet, of Languedoc, 227 
Saumoneau, of the Rhine, 418 
Saurel, the, 355 
Saurels, 195 
Saurus, {Cuv.) 430 

maximus, 443 
Savala, {Russell) 208 
Savalli, the, 443 
Savonnier, 116 
Saw-fish, 641 

Scampirro, of Sardinia, 336 
Scarcina argyrea, 207 

imperialis, 210 

quadrimaculata, 210 
Scare bride, 265 

denticule, 265 

enneacanthe, 265 
Scarus, {Lin.) 263 

cseruleus, 265 

Capitaneus, 265 

Catesby, 265 

chadri, 265 

chloris, 265 

chrysopterus, 265 

coccineus, 265 

Cretensis, 264 

creticus, 264. 371 

gallus, 220. 256 

with blue jaws, great, 265 

guacamaia, 265 



PISCES. 



187 



Scarus loro, x. 265 

psittacus, 265 

pullus, 266 

Schlosseri, 180 

spinidens, 265 

tseniopterus, 265 

vetula, 265 

viridis, 265 
Scatharus, 320 
Sclerodermata, 7 
Scheid of the Germans, 401 
Schelfisch, {Jnderson) 484 
Schilbe, 402 
Scisena proper, (Cuv.) 151 

the, 292 

aquila, 293. 296 

argyrea, 170 

barbata, 302 

cirrhosa, 154. 294, 295 

core, 157 

cylindrica, 127 

diacantha, 102 

formosa, 113 

fusca, 155 

guterina, 157 

ghanam, 159 

gigas, 155 

grandoculis, 164 

harak, 166 

hamruhr, 120 

hololepidota, 298 

imberbis, 152 

jaculatrix, 180 

Japonica, 148 

jerbua, 120 

kasmira, 114 

lineata, 103 

macrolepidota, 241 

maculata, 241 

mahsena, 166 

Malabarica, 123 

murdjan, 124 

nageb, 157 

nebulosa, 154 

nigra, 152, 153. 294. 295 

pama, 299 

Plumieri, 102 

sammara, 124 

shotaf, 157 

spinifera, 123 

umbra, {Cuv.) 151. 295 

undecimalis, 104 
Sciene rayee, 105 
Scisenoides, the, 150. 291 

genera linked to the, 19 
Sclerodermes, 570 
Scolopsides, the, {Cuv.) 159. 306 

kurita, 159 

lycogenis, 159 



Scolopsides kate, x. 159 
Schomber, the genus, 330 

{Cuv.) 181 

aculeatus, 191 

alalonga, 183 

amia, 190 

atun, 186 

bisus, 184 

brachypterus, 183 ■ 

calcar, 190 

canagurta, 182 

carangus, 196 

chloris, 193 

chrysos, 196 

cobias, 182 

colias, 335 

Commersonii, 185 

cordyla, 195 

coretta, 183 

crumenopthalmus, 195 

dentatus, 186 

dentex, 196 

ductor, 189 

edentulus, 200 

equula, ] 70. 200 

falcatus, 191 

fasciatus, 193 

Forsteri, 190 

gladius, 188 

glaucus, 190 

grex, 182 

guttatus, 185 

hippos, {Lin.) 195, 196 

ignobilis, 196 

Kleinii, 196 

lactarius, 193 

lysan, 191 

maculatus, 185 

Malabaricus, 196 

minutus, 201 

niger, 189 

palamitus, 185 

pelagicus, 200. 205 

pelamys, 183 

Plumieri, 195 

pneumatophorus, 182. 334 

ponticus, 185 

regalis, 185 

rhombeus, 177 

Rotleri, 195 

ruber, 195 

saliens, 191 

sansun, 196 

sarda, 184 

scombrus, 181 

speciosus, 196 

thunina, 183 

thynnus, 182. 335 

trachurus, 195 

Bb 2 



INDEX. 



Scomber vernalis, x. lf!2 

zonatus, 193 
Scomber-esox equirostris, 394 
Scomber-esox {Lacep.) 394 
Scomber-esox scutellatus, 394 
SchomberoVde Commersoiiien, 190 
Schomberoi'des, the, 181. 328 
Schomberomore plumier, 185 
Scombre Laroche, 184 
Scombresoce camperien, 394 
Scombri, the, 181 
Scopelus, {Cm.) 432 

of Pennant, 424 
Scorpaena, {Lin.') 133. 143 

{Cuv.) 143 

Americana, 141 

antennata, 145 

brachion, 147 

bufo, 143 

Capensis, 144 

carinata, 146 

cirrhosa, 143 

diabolus, 143 

dactyloptera, 144 

didactyla, 14?. 285 

flava, 141 

horrida, 147 

Kcenigii, 145 

Malabarica, 144 

monodactyle, 146 

papillcsa, 144 

plumier, 144 

porous, 143. 282 

scropha, 143. 281 

venosa, 144 

volitans, 145. 282 
Scorpene aiguillonnec, la, 160 

de Waigiou. 117 
Scyllium, {Cuv.) 591. 631 
Scymnus, {Cuv.) 605 
Scyris, {Cuv.) 197 
Sea-devil, 246 
Sea-eagle, the, 616 
Sea-gudgeons, 235 
Sea-horse, the, 560 

of the Cape, (Dutch,) 284 
Sea-locust, 283 
Sea-pike, 393 
Sea-snipe, 268 
Sebastes, {Cuv.) 144 

imperialis, 144 

Norvegicus, 144 
Seer-fish, what called, 345 
Seepaard, the, 284 
Selache, {Cuv.) 603 
Selachii, 7 
Selacii, 594 
Selene argentee, 198 

quadrangulaire, 198 



Sept-ceil, x. 620 
Seriola, the, 354 
{Cuv.) 192 

bipinnulata, 193 

cosmopolita, 193 

Dumerilii, 354 
Seriole, {Dum-Ris.) 193 

de Rafinesque, 193 
Serpe balbo, 432 

crocodile, 432 

Humboldt, 432 

microstome, 391. 432 

of Risso, 425 
Serpens marinus compressus lividus, 186 
Serpes, {Lacep.) 425 

of Risso, 432 
Serra-salmes, 426 
Serra-salmes aureus, 426 
Serra-salmes mento, 426 
Serra-salmes piraya, 426 
Serra-salrao chalceus, 426 
Serra-salme citharine, 430 
Serran bourignon, 113 
Serrani, the, (properly so called,) 110 
Serranus, {Cuv.) 109 

altevelis, 113 

bontoo, 112 

cabriDa, 110 

flavo-cseruleus, 113 

fascicularis, 110 

flavus, 110 

geographicus, 113 

oculatus. 111 

phaeton, 113 

radialis, 110 

sarnicus, 276 

suillus, 112 

vitta, 110 
Seserinus, {Cuv.) 203 

Rondeletii, 203 
Sey, the, 485 
Shark, hammer-headed, 607. 640 

basking, 638 

white or common, 599. 631 

fox, 635 
Sharmuth, 409 
Sheephead, of the Anglo Americans, 

162 
Sheep's-head, of the United States, 31 1 
Siganus, {Forsk.) 214 

rivulatus, 214 

stellatus, 214 
Sillago, {Cuv.) 122 

domina, {Cuv.) 122 

maculata, 123 
Silurus, (i.) 399. 466 

anguillaris, 409 

asotus, 401 
I ascita, 407 



PISCES. 



189 



Silurus aspredo, x. 413 
attu, 401 
auritus, 402 
batrachus, 409 
bimaculatus, 401 
bagre, 404 
bayad, 403 
callichthys, 410 
caecutiens, 402 
candiru, 402 
carinatus, 408 
cataphractus, 408 
chinois, 401 
catus, 405 
clarias, 404. 406 
cornutus, 268. 411 
costatus, 407 
docmac, 403 
the electric, 411 
electricus, 411 
erythropterus, 403 
fasciatus, 403 
fossilis, 401 
glanis, 401 
hemioliopterus, 404 
hexadactylus, 413 
imberbis, 142. 412 
inermis, 407 
marinus, 404 
lima, 403 
mystus, 402 
quadrimaculatus, 405 
militaris, 407 
schal, 406 

proper, (Lacep.) 401 
Skate, the, 612. 649 
Smaris, the genus, 321 
(Cuv.) 169 
alcedo, 169 
cagarella, 169 
lineatus, 170 
vulgaris, 169 
Smelt, the, 474 
Soap-maker, 116 
Soffieta of Rome, 373 
Sole, the common, 517 

cornue, 498 
Solea, 517 

(Cuv.) 497 
oculata, 498 
Solenostoma, {Seb. ^ Lacep.) 561 
Somdrum-kara-mottee, 204 
Soring, (Rt(ss.) 123 
Sorrakowah, 600 
Spada maxima, 209 
Spare Atlanlique, 112 
branchion, 255 
breton, 170 
chrysomelanc, 113 



Spare demilune, x 115 

hemisphere, 255 

holocyanose, 265 

lepisure, 114 

rougeor, 265 

sanguinolent, 112 

sauteur, 194 
Sparoides, the, 162. 308 
Sparus, (Cuv.) 162 

Abildgardii, 265 

acutirostris, 163 

argenteus, 164. 179 

argyrops, 164 

aurata, 163 

boops, 167 

berda, 164, 165 

bogaraveo, 165 

brama, 167 

bufonites, 163 

calamara, 164 

castaneola, 178, 179 

cantharus, 167 

centrodontus, 165. 314 

chasrorhynchus, 166 

chlorurus, 253 

chromis, 261 

chrysurus, 115 

compressus, 328 

cretus, 255 

crenidens, 163 

cuning, 170 

cynodon, 166 

dentex, 166. 317 

erythrinus, 115. 165. 316 

fasciatus, 253 

formosus, 252 

haffara, 163 

hasta, 163, 164 

insidiator of Pallas, 30. 259 

macropthalmus, 166. 317 

maena, 168 

Malabaricus, 115 

melanurus, 168 

mormyrus, 165. 397 

ovis, 162. 311 

mylio, 164 

oblongus, 263 

pagrus, 164. 165 

pantazzo, 162 

perroquet, 163 

puntazzo, 163 

radiatus, 169. 253 

Raii, 178. 179 

raye d'or, 166 

salpa, 167. 316 

sarba, 163 

smaris, 169 

spinifer, 164 

Surinamensis, 262 



190 



INDEX. 



Sparus synagris, x. 115 

tetracanthus, 115 

tricuspidatus, 169 

virginicus, 157 

vittatus, 157. 166 
Spatularia, (Sh.) 591 
Sphagebranchus, (Bl.) 528 

imberbis, 529 

rostratus, 529 
Sphero'ide tubercule, 568. 569 
Sphyrsena, (Bl.) 224 

{Bl. Sch.) 130 

barracuda, 131 

picuda, 131 
SpyrSne ouvert, 104 

spet, 130 
Sphyrna, {Rafin,) 606 
Spinax, {Cuv.) 604 
Spirobranchus Capensis, 221 

{Cuv.) 221. 363 
Squale boucle, 606 

glauque, 600 

liche, 606 
Squalus, (£.) 596 

acanthias, 604 

Africanus, 598 

Americanus, 605 

barbatus, 598 

barbillon, 598 

brevipinnis, 606 

canicula, 597, 598. 630 

carcharias, 599. 605. 631 

carcharia minor, 600 

catulus, 597, 598. 631 

centrina, 005 

cjliaris, 600 

cinereus, 602 

Cornubicus, 599, 600 

ecailleux, 606 

of Edwards, 598 

elephas, 603 

fasciatus, 598 

galeus, 001 

galonne, 598 

glaucus, 600 

griseus, 602 

lobatus, 598 

longicaudvis, 598 

maximus, 003. 638 

Monensis, 601 

mustelus, 602 

nez,601 

niceen, 605 

Philippi, 604 

pointille, 598 

prionurus, 598 

pristis, 608 

punctatus, 598 

spatula, 591 



Squalus spinax, x. 604 

spinosus, 606 

squamosus, 606 

squatina, 607. 640 

stellaris, 597, 398 

tiburo, 607 

tigre, 598 

tigrinus, 598 

ustus, 599, 600 

uyatus, 604 

vacca, 602 

vulpes, 599. 635 

zygaena, 607 
Squamipennes, I7I 
Squatina angelus, 607. 640 

aculeata, 608 

Dumerilii, 607, 608 
Star of the night, of the Arabs, 430 
Sternarchus, (Schn.) 534 
Sternoptyx, (Herman.) 433 

diaphana, 433 

Olfersii, 434 
Stickleback of the English, 287 

with armed tail, 288 

with naked tail, 288 

small sea, 290 
Stock-fisch, 486 
Stolephore Commersonien, 442 
Stomias, {Cuv.) 391 

barbatus, 391 

Schneideri, 392 
Stone-bass, I7O 

of Jamaica, the, I7I 
Stromateus, {Lin.) 201 

aculeatus, 202 

albus, 202 

argenteus, 202 

candidus, 202 

cryptosus, 203 

fiatola, 202 

griseus, 202 

longipennis, 203 

niger, 202 

paru, 202, 203 

stellatus, 202 
Sturgeon, great, 627 

outward form of the, 624 
Sturgeons, the, 588. 024 
Sturiones, 7. 588. 024 
Stylephorus, {Shaw.) 211 

chordatus, 211 
Sucker, 384 
Suckers, the, 617 
Sudis, {Cuv.) 447 

Adansonii, 448 

gigas, 448 

Niloticus, 448 

pirarucu, 448 
Surgeons, vulgar name of, 215 



PISCES. 



191 



Suttivara, (Rus.) x. 610 
Sword-fish, habits of the, 350 
Sword-fish, the common, 187 
Synanceia, {Bl. Schn.) 147 

bicapillata, 147 

brachio, 286 

cervus, 139 

verrucosa, 147 
Synbranchus, {BL) 530 

immaculatus, 530 

marmoratus, 531 
Syngnathus, (L.) proper, 559 

acus, 559 

barbarus, 559 

sequoreus, 560 

fasciatus, 560 

foliatus, 560 

longirostris, 560 

ophidion, 560 

papacinus, 560 

pelagicus, 559 

Rondeletii, 559 

rubescens, 559 

segaliensis, 140 

typhle, 559 

viridis, 559 
Synode chinois, 443 

fasce, 443 

renard, 444 
Synodontis, {Ciiv.) 406 
Synodus erythrinus, 446 

maturaque, 446 

palustris, 446 

synodus, 447 

tareira, 446 

vulpes, 446 



Tacaud, the, 484. 51 1 
Taenia altera, 209 

falcata, 209 

prima, 209 
Tsenianote, large raie, 1 46. 263 
Taenianotes, the, 144 
Taenioide Hermannien, 239 
Tsenioi'des, 206 

{Lacep.) 239 
Tafel-visch, of the Dutch, 324 
Talan-parah, 196 
Tasard, {Lacep.) 184 
Tauche de mer, 441 
Taurichtes, the, 175 
Taurichthys varius, 175 

viridis, 175. 325 
Tautoga, (Miich.) 253 
Tchawil-parah, 197 
Telia katchelee, 153 
Temeree, (Kits ) 61 1 



Temnodon, (Cuv.) x. 194 

saltator, 194 
Tench, the common, 459 

the sea, 488 
Tenkee kunsu, 615 

Shindraki, 614 
Tetragonopterus, {Artedi) 426 

argenteus, 426 
Tetragonurus Cuvierii, 226 

{Risso.) 225 
Tetrapturus, {Rafinesque) 187 
Tetraodon, (L.) 567 

argentatus, 568 

Commersonii, 568. 582 

cutcutia, 568 

electricus, 569. 584 

fahaca, 568 

fluviatilis, 568 

geometricus, 568 

Gronovii, 569 

hispidus, 568. 582 

Honkennii, 568 

immaculatus, 568 

laevissimus, 568 

laevigatus, 568 

lagocephalus, 568 

lineatus, 567. 569. 582 

lunaris, 568 

mola, 569 

mouchete, 568 

patica, 568 

physa, 567, 568 

Plumieri, 568 

psittacus, 568 

ocellatus, 568. 583 

reticularis, 568 

rostratus, 568 

Spengleri, 568 

testudineus, 568 

turgidus, 568 
Tetrapturus belone, 187 
Therapon, (Cuv.) 120 

puta, 121 

theraps, 121 
Thelitis, javus 214 

hepatus, 215 
Theutyes, 213 
Thornback, 649 
Thryssa, {Cuv.) 442 
Thunder of the Arabs, the, 411 
Thymallus, {Cuv.) 420 
Thynnus, the genus, 335 

pelamys, 343 
Thyrsites atun, 345 

the genus, 345 

with what connected, 207 
Timucu of Marcgrave, 393 
Tinea, {Cuv.) 379 

the, 459 



192 



INDEX. 



Tinea vulgaris, x. 459 
Tolparah, (Russell) 191 
Tomcod, the, 484 
Tonilles, (Fr.) GOO 
Torpedo, (Dum.) 610 

the galvanic, Oil, G42 

marmorata, 61 1 

narke, 611 

the numbing, 61 1 
uninnaculata, 611 
Torpille vulgaire a cinques tachcs, 61 1 
Toxotes, the genus, 328 

(Ciw.) 180 

jaculator, 180 
Trachichtys, (Shaw.) 125 

Australis, 125 
Trachinotus, (Lactp.) 191 
Trachinus, (Lin.) 125. 138 

araneus, 126 

cirrhosus, 145 

draco, 125. 276 

lineatus, 125 

radiatus, 126 

trichodon, 122 

vipera, 126 
Trachurus aquilus, 193 

imperalis, 196 
Trachypterus, (Gonan.) 209 

cristatus, 210 
Tree-climber, 218 
Triacanthus, (Cuv.) 575 
Trichodon, Stelleri, (Cuv.) 121, 122 
Trichogaster fasciatus, 218 

trichopterus, 220 
Trichonotus, (Schn.) 243 

setigerus, 243 
Trichopode, mentonnier, 220 

trichoptere, 220 
Trichopodus, (Lacep.) 220 

bejeus, 218 

chuna, 218 

colisa, 218 

cotra, 218 

lalius, 218 

sola, 218 

Pallasii, 220 

satyrus, 220 
Trichopus, 363 
Trichiurus, the electric, 348 
Trichiurus armatus, 349 

caudatus, 207 

ensiformis, 207 

gladius, 207 

haumela, 208. 34S 

lepturus, 208. 347 

medius, 349 

muticus, 349 

savala, 209. 348 
Trigla, (Le«.) 133, 134 



Trigla Adriatica, x. 134 

aspera, 136 

Carolina, 136 

cataphracta, 137 

cuculus, 134, 135 

evolans, 136 

gurnardus, 135. 279 

hirundo, 134. 136. 279 

lineata, 134. 136 

lucerna, 136. 279 

lyra, 135. 279 

obscura, 136 

palmipes, 136 

papilio, 136 

phalaena, 136 

pini, 134. 278 

(properly so called,) [Cuv.) 134 

punctata, 136 

rubicunda, 147 

sphinx, 136 

strigata, 136 

tribulus, 136 

volitans, 279 
Triodon, 570 

bursarius, 570 

macroptere, 570 
Trombetta of Genoa, 373 
Trout, maxillary bones of, 56 
Trumpet-fish, 373 
Trygon {Adans.) 613. 651 
Tub-fish, the, 279 
Tubleu, of the Isle of France, 263 
Tunny, cerebellum of, 72 

the common, 182 

the genus, 335 

fishery of the, 338 

striped-bellied, 183 
Turbot, 515 
Turdus perbelle pictus, 252 



Umbra, {Cramer.^ 388 
Ubarana of Marcgrave, 444 
Ubirre of Laet, 208 
Umbrina, {Cuv.) 154. 292 

of the Romans, 151 

Russellii, 154 
Unibranchoperturi, {Lacep.) 530 
Unibranchoperture lisse, 529 
Unibranchoperturus cachia, 530 
Upeneus, {Cuv.) 132 
Uranoscopus, (Lin.) 127 

affinis, 128 ' 

cirrhosus, 128 

filibarbis, 128 

guttatus, 128 

inermis, 128 

Icevis, 128 

lebeck, 128 



PISCES. 



193 



Uranoscopus marmoratus, x. 128 
monopterygius, 128 
scaber, 128 
Y grsecum, 128 
{Marcgr.) 156 

Vackum, (FaZew^.) 170 

mare, 170 
Vadigo, 190 
Vana motta, 431 
Vandellius Lusitanicus, 207 
Vassili-massi, 345 
Vielle tachetee, 252 
Vingeram, (Russell) 185 
Vivanet gris, 115 
Vlag-man, 324 

Vogmar, of the Icelanders, 210 
Vomer, (^Cuv.) 197- 356 

properly so called, 198 
Vraie Limandelle, 493 

Wachnia, the, 484 
Wahla kuddera, 393 
Wallagoo, (Russell) 401 
Wallah, (Russ.) 445 
Water-dog, the, 429 
Weak-fish, the, 300 
Weaver, common, 126 

great, 125 
Weavers, the, 125 
Wels, of the Germans, 401 
Whiff, of the English, 496 
Whiting, the, 486. 511 
Whiting, of the Anglo Americans, 154 

of Bengal, 153 
Wootin parah, 196 
Wordawahah, (Russ.) 170 

Xiphias, (Lin.) 186 



Xiphias, the genus, x. 349 
gladius, 187 

Xiphias imperator, 187 
makaira, 188 
platisterus, 188 
(proper) (Cuv.) J 87 
velifer, 188 

Xiphostoma Cuvieri, 429 

Xisteres, 177 

Xyrichthys, (Cuv.) 260 
novacula, 260 

Zeus, (Linn.) (Cuv.) 199 
argentavius, 201 
ciliaris, 198 
faber, 199 
gallus, 198 
guttatus, 200 
iniperialis, 200 
insidiator, 201 
luna, 200 
maculatus, 201 
niger, 198 
proper, 356 
pungio, 199 
regius, 200 
rostratus, 198 
setapinnis, 199 

Zeus sutor, 198 

Zeus vomer, 198 

Zeyl-vish, (sail-fish,) 352 

Ziphotheca tetradens, 207 

Zoarcus, (Cuv.) 233 
labrosus, 234 
viviparus, 234 

Zygaena, (Cuv.) 606 

malleus, 607. 640 
nobilis, 607 
tudes, 607 



Ctiv. Index. 



Cc 



FOSSIL REMAINS 



VOL. XI. 



Adapis, the, fossils, 112 

^tobates, 430 

Alligator, 180, 181. 185 

Alligatores, 202 

Alluvial, what strata called, 24 

Ammodytes, 424 

tobianus, 424 
Ammonicus striatus, 482 
Ammonites, the, 442, &c. 479 

sphsericus, 482 
Amphibia, Classis, 202 
Anarrhycas lupus, 426 
Anenchelum, (Blainv.) 393 

Glarisianum, 393 
Anguis, 282 
Animal of the Ohio, 63 
Animal of Paraguay, 132 
Anoplotheria, the, 109. 250 

proper, the, 110. 
Anoplotherium, {Cuvier) 105 

commune, 110 

gracile, 110 

leporinum, 111 

medium, 110 
Antracotheria of the lignites, 250 
Antracotherium, the, 112 
Aperea, 131 
Astrai'tes, 502 
Astreaese, the fossil, 502 
Astraea dendroi'dea, 603 
Astropodium elegans, 513 
Auricula ringens, 463 



Baculites, the, 441 
Balaena, 228 

fossil, 144 
Balinius terebellatus, 463 



Balistes, fossils, 404 

dubius, 404 
Batracian reptiles, fossil, 332 
Bats, humerus of, 160 
Bauman, cavern of, 13 
Bears, fossil, 118 
Behemoths of the Arabs, 50 
Belemnites, the, 437. 444. 483 

macronatus, 449 
Bellerophon, 483 
Birds, femora of, 157 

fossil, 151 

head of, 158 

humerus of, 160 

tibia, 159 
Blennius, 423 

cuneiformis, 423 

ocellaris, 423 
Blochius 423 

longirostris, 423 
Breccie, the, 447 
Bronita, 495 



Cachalots, the, 143 
Callionymus, 423 

Vestenae, 423 
Cameleons, articulation of, 156 
Cameleon, head of the, 292 
Campagnol, 129 

hypudasus, 130 
Cancer Maenas, {Lin.) 389 
Carcinite, 491 
Cardia rustica, 459 
Carnivora, the fossil, 117 
Caryophylli, 514 
Cayman, the, 177, 178. 180. 185 

with bony eyelids, 190 

c c 2 



196 



INDEX. 



Cayman, the pike-muzzled, fossils, 
187 
the spectacled, 188 
Caymans, distinction of the, 222 
Geutriscus, 405 

aculeatus, 405 
longirostris, 405 
velitaris, 405 
Ceratophytes, 498 
Cerithium, 489 

gigas, 490 
Cetacea, fossil, 143 

teeth of, 307 
Chseropotamus, the, 111 
Chaetodon, 417 

arcuatus, 418 
Argus, 418 
asper, 418 
aureus, 420 
canescens, 419 
canus, 420 
chirurgus, 419 
ignotus, 419 
lineatus, 420 
macrolepidotus, 419 
mesoleucus, 419 
nigricans, 419 
orbis, 420 
papilio, 420 
pinnatiformis, 417 
pinnatus, 417 
rhomboides, 401 
rhombus, 419 
rostratus, 420 
saxatilis, 419 
striatus, 418 
subarcuatus, 418 
subaureus, 420 
substriatus, 418 
subvespertilio, 417 
triostegus, 420 
velifer, 421 
vespertilio, 417, 418 
Champses, {Herodotus) 193 
Chamses of the Ancient Egyptians, 186 
Chelonia Mydas, 260 
Chelonian reptiles, 260 
Chelydes, coracoul bone of the, 267 
Clupea, 393. 397- 399. 410 
Bernardi, 425 
brevissimus, 425 
cyprinoi'des, 410 
Davilei, 399 
dentesse, 425 
dubia, 399 
elongata, 399 
evolans, 410 
Knorrii, 399 
Lametherii, 397 



Clupea, megaptera, fossils, 394 
muraenoi'des, 410 
Scueuchzeri, 394 
sprattiformis, 399 
Clypeaslra, 495 
Cornua ammonis, 479 
Coryphaena apoda, 421 

hippurus, 426 
Cottus, 423 

bicornis, 423 
Crinoi'dea, 514 
Crocodile, 180 

Crocodile of Adanson, the black, 177, 
178. 198 
the American, 177 
articulation of, 156 
of Caen, 236 
of Ceylon, 177 
the common, 178. 181 
the double-crested, 197 
of the Ganges, 177- 200 
of the Ganges, common, 175 
of the Ganges, long-backed, 178 
of Lacepede, 178 
the lozenge, 197 
of the Nile, common, 191 
properly so called, 186 
the sacred, 194, 195, 196 
of Siam, 183 
slender-muzzled, 190 
Crocodiles, fossil, 174 

osteology of living, 204, &c. 
Crocodili, 203 

longirostres, 204 
Crocodilus, (genus) 202 
acutus, 203 
acutus, {Cuv.) 198 
Africanus, 177 
Africanus of Laurenti, 178 
biporcatus, 183. 197. 203 
biscutatus, (Cuv.) 198. 203 
cataphractus, {Cuv.) 199. 204 
cazrinatus, 183 
galeatus, {Cuv.) 198. 203 
Gangeticus, 204 
Lacerta, 178 
lucius, 187. 202 
longirostris, 183 
longirostris, {Sch.) 200 
Niloticus, (Daud.) 
oopholis, 183 
palmatus, 183 

palpebrosus, 183. 190. 192. 202 
palpebrosus, head of the, 222 
pentonix, 183 
priscus, 233, 234. 241. 316 
porosus, 183. 197 
priscus, 241 
rhombifer, 197. 203 



FOSSILS. 



197 



Crocodilus sclerops, fossils, 183. 188. 
192. 212 

tenuirostris, (Cm.) 201. 204 

ten-estris, 177 

terrestris, of Laurenti, 178 

trigonatus, 183. 191. 202 

vulgaris, {Cuv.) 191 

vulgaris, 203 
Crustacea, 490 
Crustacite, 491 
Cuckoo, the petrified, 152 
Cyclopterus lumpus, 404 
Cylindrita, 507 
Cyprinus, 426 

bipunctatus, 426 

capito, 426 

jeses, 426 

squamosseus, 426 



Dapediura, 392 

politum, 235 
Delphinus frontatus, 142 
Depedium politum, 390 
Dichobunes, the, 110 
Diluvial, v?hat strata called, 24 
Diodon, 405 

orbiculatus, 405 

reticulatus, 405 
Dolphins, 250 

fossil, 141 
Dormouse, 129 
Dracaena, of Lacepede, 290 
Draco volans, 326 
Dracona, of M. Lacepede, 327 



Edentata, fossil, 131 
Echinus, 495 
Echinitis, 495 
Echinometra, 495 
Echinodermata, 495 
Elasmotherium, the, 89 

named by Fischer, 34 
Elephant found in America, the fossil, 
55 

the fossil, 10. 41 

carnivorous, 63 

found by the Tungoose fisherman 
in 1799, 8. 52 
Elephas primigenius, 59 
Elops macropterus, 397 
Emydes, the, 257 
Emys of Aristotle, 269 

centrata, 276 

expansa, 257. 273. 275, 276 

serpentina, 258. 273 

serrata, 265, 273, 274. 
Encrinus, 504 



Encrinus liliiformis, fossils, 508 

ramosus, 511 
Encrinites testudinarius, 512 
Eschare, 496 
Esox, 397. 400. 407 

acutirostris, 400 

bellone, 400. 407 

Eislebersis, 397 

falcatus, 408 

incognitus, 398 

longirostris, 407 

lucius, 408 426 

macropterus, 408 

syphraena, 407 

vulpes, 408 
Exocoetus, 410,411 

exiliens, 411 



Father of oxen, what called, 64 
Felis spelsea, 127 

antiqua, 127 
Felinae, fossil, 126 
Fibularia, 495 
Fish, flying, 410 

fossil, 382 
Fistularia, 407 

Bolcensis, 407 

Chinensis, 407 

dubia, 407 

petunha, 407 
Flustrum, 496 
Fossil balsense, 144 

batracian reptiles, 332 

bears, 118 

birds, 151 

carnivora, the, 117 

cetacea, 143 

crocodiles, 174 

dolphins, 141 

edentata, 131 

fish, 9. 382 

felinae, 126 

hyaena, 124 

insects, 20 

lamantins, 140 

mammalia, 1 

man, pretended, 333 

marine mammalia, 139 

narwhals, 143 

phocae, 139 

remains of vertebrated animals, 
1.432 

reptiles, 19. 166 

rodentia, 129 

ruminantia, 113 

saurians, 299 

tortoises, 252 

vegetables, 20 



198 



INDEX. 



Fossils, marine, fossils, 6 
Fouette-queue, 178. 181 
Frogs, articulation of, 156 

Gadus, 423. 426 

merluccius, 423 
Gavial, the 178.186 

the great, 200 

the little, 201 

noticed by iEHan, 175 
Gavials, distinction of the, 222 
Geckos, 291 

Geosaurus, of Cuvler, 316 
Gobius, 423 

barbatus, 423 

Smyrnensis, 409. 423 

Veronensis, 423 
Gryphsese, 488 
Gryphites, 488 
Herring, 393.397.399. 410 
Hieracites, 151 
Hipponyces, the, 440 
Hippopotamus, the fossil, 10. 77 

the little fossil, 82 

the middle fossil, 83 
Holocentrus, 414 

calcarifer, 414, 415 

lanceolatus, 415 

macrocephalus, 415 

maculatus, 415 

sogho, 415 
Horses, the fossil, 91 
Hyaena, the fossil, 124 
Hyperoodon, of M. Lacepede, 305 
Hyperoodontes, the, 143 
Hypudeeus, the, 130 



Ichthyodontes, 427 
Ichthyolites, of Claris, 385 

of Iceland, 390 

localities of, 388 
Ichthyosaurus, the, 29. 286. 343, 344. 

abundant in England, 347 

communis, 351, 352. 357- 364 

intermedins, 352. 358 

platyodon, 352. 358. 365 

ribs of, 361 

shoulder and sternum of, 361 

tenuirostris 352. 358. 364 

vertebrae of, 359 
Ichlhyospondyles, 426 
Iguanas, 291 
Iguanodon, 31 
Insects, the fossil, 493 
Invertebrated animals, fossil remains of, 

432 
Jurassic, what strata called, 27 



Koslordylos, (modern Greek,) fossils, 

186 
Krokodile noir du Niger, 191 
Kurtus velifer, 421 



Labrus, 416 

bifasciatus, 417 

ciliaris, 416, 417 

Julis ? 398 

melapterus, 417 

merula, 416 

punctatus, 416 

rectifrons, 417 

turdus, 416 
Lacerta of Linnaeus, 281 

agilis, 290 

alligator, 178 

ameiva, 284. 290. 294. 309 

bicarinata, 284. 290 

caudiverbera, 178 

crocodilus, 178 

crocodilus, {Lin.) 192 

dracaena, 294 

Gangetica, 178. 200 

gigantea, 318 

monitor, 302 

Nilotica, 284 

teguixin, 284. 289. 294. 309. 
317 
Lagomys, 35, 129 
Lamantins, 140. 250 
Land-tortoises, 252 

articulation of, 156 
Lapis pentagonus, 507 
Lilium lapideum, 508. 509 
Lirostrites, {Lamarck) 440 
Lithophytes, 497 
Lizard, 186 
Lizards, articulation of, 156 

caudal vertebrae of, 296 

osteology of existing, 281 

pelvis and humerus of, 298 

the sternum, 297 
Loir, 129 

Lophiodon, the, 94 
Lophiodonta, 250 
Lophius, 407 

ganelli, 407 

piscatorius, 407 
Loricaria, 409 
Lutjanus, 414 

ephippium, 414 

lutjan, 414 



Madrepora, 515 

muricata, 516 
ramosa, 516 



FOSSILS. 



199 



Madrepore, fossils, 496 
Mammalia, fossil marine, 139 
Mammoth, derivation of the word, 50 

of the Russians, 41 
Man, no fossil remains of, 21 
Man, pretended fossil, 333 
Manati, 433 

Marine tortoise, articulation of, 156 
Masasaurus, of Maestricht, 365 
Mastodon, of the Cordilleras, 77 

cranium of the, 71 

femur of the, 72 

the fossil, 10 

with narrow teeth, the, 73 

of Humboldt, 77 

the genus, 62 

the great, 62 

the great, where found, 67 

the little, 77 

tapirosdian, 77 

osteology of the great, 69 
Matamata, the, 260 
Megalonyx, 35. 131. 135 
Megalosaurus, 318 
Megalonix, remains of the, 15 
Megatherium, 35. 

(Cmw.) 131 

proper, 131 
Mehemoth, of the Arabs, 50 
Milleporse, 517 
Monitor, of the Nile, 284 
Monitors, the, 300 
Monopterus, 422 

gigas, 422 
Mosasaurus, of Mr. Conybeare, 31. 316 
Moschi, the, 208 
Mouse, the domestic, 131 
Mugil, 411 

cephalus, 426 

brevis, 411 
Mullus barbatus, 426 
Mursena, 424 

caeca, 424 

conger, 424 
Mursenophis, 424 
Mus arvalis, 130 
Muscardin, the, 131 
Musk, the, 211 

Narinari, of Marcgrave, 431 
Narkobatus giganteus, 403 
Narwhals, fossil, 143 
Naturforscher, 330 
Nautilus, 481 

Deshayesii, 482 

imperialis, 482 

pompilius, 482 

umbilicatus, 482 

zigzag, 481 



Ombrias, fossils, 495 
Oolites, the, 445 
Ophidium, 424 

barbatum, 424 
Orthoceratites, 483 
Ostracion turritus, 404 
Ostracites, 486 
Ouaran, of the Arabs, 284 

nose of the, 289 
Ovarium, 495 
Oysters, the, 486 



Pachydermata, Cuvierian fossil, 99 
Psecilia, 401 

of Bloch, 402 

dubia, 401 
Palaeobalistum, 405 

orbiculatum, 405 
Palaeoniscum, 396 

Freieslebense, 396 
Palseorhynchum, 393 

Glarisianum, 393 
Palasotheria, 250 
Palseotherium, (Cm.) 105 

Aurelianense, 109 

the broad-footed, 108 

crassum, 107, 109 

curtum, 108 

the great, 107 

Isselanum, 109 

magnum, 107 

jaw of, 79 

latum, 108 

medium, 107. 108 

minus, 105. 108 

the middle-sized, 107 

the short, 108 

the small, 108 

the thick-footed, 107 

velaunum, 109 
Palaeothrissum, 396 

inaequilobum, 396 

macrocephalum, 396 

magnum, 396, 397 

parvum, 397 
Pegasus lesiniformis, 406 
Pentacrinos, 507 
Pentacrinus, 614 

basaltiformis, 514 

briareus, 514 

caput Medusae, 514 

subangularis, 514 
Perca, 413 

Americana, 413 

formosa, 413 

minuta, 426 
Perch, 413 
Perdicites, 151 



200 



INDEX. 



Perna maxillata, fossils, 457 
Pesce capone, 152 
Petrosilex molaris, {Millstones) 451 
Phocffi, 250 

fossil, 139 
Physter, 228 
Pike, 397. 400 

the common, 408 
Planospirites, 451 
Planulites, 480 
Plesiosaurus, the, 29. 343. 34G. 365. 

bones in the, 369 

carinatus, 375 

of Mr. Conybeare, 371 

dolichodeirus, 375 

pentagonus, 376 

recentior, 375 

signification of, 366 

trigonus, 376 
Pleuronectes, 422 

maximus, 398 

quadratulus, 422 

platessa, 395. 422 
Pleurotoma dentata, 459 
Polychrus, 309 

Polynemus quinquinarius, 41 1 
Polyparia, 496 
Polyparies, the, 436 
Polyparium, defined, 497 
Polypi, 496 

Porpus, supposed fossil of a, 225 
Proteosaurus, 345 
Pterodactyli, 230 
Pterodactylus, the, 153. 326 

brevirostris, 330 

longirostris, 326 



Rabbit, two species of the, 129 
Rafcht, of the Euphrates, 269 
Raia aquila, 430, 431 
Reptiles, Chelonian, 260 

fossil, 166 
Reptile, wing-toed, 326 
Rhinoceros Cuvierii, 88 

entire fossil, 85 

the fossil, 10. 83 

of Siberia, fossil, 87 

incisivus, 89 

leptorhinus, 88 

minutus, 89 

tichorinus, 87 
Rhombus minor, 397 
Rodentia, fossil, 129 
Rorquals, subgenus of the, 144 
Ruminantia, fossil, 113 



Saimiri, the, 208 



Salagraman, fossils, 480 
Salamanders, articulation of, 156 
Salmo cyprinoides, 410 

muraena, 408. 410 
Samiri, the, 211 
Sauri, (Ordo) 202 
Saurian order, 281 
Saurians, fossil, 299 
Sauvegardes, {Cuv.) 284 
Sciasna, 413 

jaculatrix, 413 

Plumieri, 414 
Scomber, 411 

attalunga, 411 

chloris, 413 

cordyla, 412. 414 

glaucus, 412 

ignobilis, 412 

Kleinii, 412 

orcynus, 413 

pelagicus, 412 

pelamis, 411 

pneumatophorus, 412 

speciosus, 412 

thynnus, 411 

trachurus, 412 
Scorpaena, 415 

scrofu, 415 
Scutella, 495 
Sea-tortoises, 265 
Sephen ray, 403 
Seps tetradactylus, 156 

tridactylus, 156 
Serpulse, the, 436 
Silurus, 333. 409 

ascita, 410 

bagre, 409 

cataphractus, 409 

cattus, 410 

glanis, 334, 335, 336 
Sparus, 415 

volcanus, 417 

dentex, 415, 416 

macrophthalmus, 415 

sargus, 415 

vulgaris, 415 
Squalus, the, 144. 402 

catulus, 403 

auriculatus, 430 

carcharias, 402 

columbinus, 430 

Cornubicus, 429 

ferox, 429 

glaucus, 403 

grineus, 430 

lamia, 430 

inominatus, 402 

pristodontus, 430 

pristobatys dubius ? 430 



FOSSILS. 



201 



Squalus tricuspidens, fossils, 430 

vacca, 439 
Stellaria columellae, 507 
Stellerides, 496 
Stellion of Linnaeus, 186 
Stellio uromastyx, 291 
Strata, the primitive, 2 

the transition, 3 
Stromateus, 39?. 400 

gibbosus, 397 

hexagonus, 397- 401 

major, 397 
Suchis, 177 
Suchus, 177- 184 

of M. Geoffroi, 193 
Sulcata, littoralis rostrata of Lind, 151 
Sygnathus, 406 

breviculus, 406 

typhle, 406 
Synbranchus, 424 

immaculatus, 424 



Tapiroidian Mastodon, 77 
Tapirs, the gigantic, 91 

gigantic, why used in the plural, 
93 
Tardigrada, 131 
Temsach, of the modern Egyptians, 

186 
Terebratules, 485 
Terebratula vitrea, 400 
Terebratulites, the, 436 
Testudo centrata, 257 

clausa, 237 

dorsata, 257 

Europaea, 257 2/8 

fimbriata, 260. 262 

Grseca, 257 

Indica, 280 

Mydas, 276 

picta, 257 

scabra, 257 

scripta, 257 

triunguis, 269 

vivgulata, 257 
Tetraodon, 404 

hispidus, 405 

Konckennii, 404 

ocellatus, 404 
Thirse, of the Nile, 269 
Thornback, 393 
Tien-schu, of the Chinese, 50 
Toads, articulation of, 156 
Tonitru, 495 
Tortoise, the great Indian, 252 



Tortoise, head of the, fossils, 252 

humerus of the, 267 
Tortoises, the fossil, 252 

land, 252 

marine, 259 

sea, 259. 265 

soft, 258 
Trigla, 411 

cataphracta, 426 

culusus, of Linn£Bus, 152 

cyra, 41 1 
Trionyx, the, 258. 269 
Triton cristatus, 339 
Trongotherium, {Fischer) 130 

of Russia, 35 
Trygonobatus crassicaudatus, 403 

vulgaris? 403 
Turtle, temporal of the sea, 354 
Tubipore, 496 



Ursus arctoideus, 35. 120. 124 
arctos, 120 
augustidens, 36 
cultridens, 36. 124 
Etruscus, 124 
priscus, 35. 124 
spelseus, 35. 120. 124 
speleeus of tlie Germanic caves, 
15, 16 



Volvolce, 507 



Xiphodons, the, 110 



Yacare, of M. d' Azara, 189 



Zeus, 394. 421 

gallus, 420 
platessa, 395, 421 
reglesianus, 394 
rhombeus, 422 
spinosus, 395 
triurus, 421 
vomer, 421 

Ziphius, the, 150 

cavirostris, 143 
longirostris, 144 
named by Cuvier, 33 
planirostris, 143 



Cuv. Index. 



Dd 



MOLLUSCA. ZOOPHYTES. 



VOL. XII. 



Abyle, xii. 492 
Acalephse, the, 437. 481 

hydrostaticae, 489 

simplices, 482. 561 
Acalephae, supplement on the, 561 

umbrella of the, 562 
Acamarchis, 503 
Acanthocephala, (Rud.) 469 
Acarda, (Brug.) 92 
Acasta Montagui, 137 
AcastEe, the {Leach), 137 
Acephala, the, 5. 89. 369. 413 

nuda, 125 

salivary apparatus of, 197 
Acetabulum, {Lam.) 507 
Achatina, {Lam.) 32 
Acmea, {Hartm.) 62 
Acrostoma, {Le Sauvage) 479 
Act£Eon, {Montf.) 63 
Actinia, (L.) 494 

effceta, 495 

equina, 495 

plumosa, 495 

proper, 495 

senilis, 495 
Actiniae, the, 572 

food of the, 574 
Actinocamax, of IMiller, 15 
Actinocrinites, the 444 
Adeona, [Lamour.) 513 

grisea, 513 
iEquorea, 482 
Agaric] na, 512 
Agastraria, of Blainville, 594 
Agathistega, 17 
Aggregata, 128 
Aglaophenia, {Lamour) 502 
Akera, {Miiller) 45 



Akera, proper, xii. 47 
Alcinoe, {Rang.) 487 

vermiculata, 488 
Alcyonium, {Linn.) 516 

asbestinuni, 530 

digitatum, 516 

epipetrum, 515 

exos., 516 

mamillosum, 496 
Alecto of Leach, 443 
Amatia, {Lamour) 502 
Ambulacraria, 541 
Ammonie, {Montf.) 13 
Ammonites, {Brug.) 15 

{Lam.) 15 
Amorpha of Blainville, 594 
Amphiroe, {Lamour.) 505 
Amphistoma {Rud.) 471 
Ampulla carinata, 61 
Ampullaria, {Lam.) 61 
Ampullinse, {Blainv.) 62 
Anadiomene, {Lamour.) 506 

flabellata, 506 
Anambulacraria, the, 541 
Ananchites, {Lam.) the, 449 
Anatifa, the, 426 

{Brug.) 135 
Anatifae, locomotion of the, 188 
Anatina, {Lam.) 119 
Anchasella, {Cuv.) 466 
Ancillaria, {Lam.) 74 

ciiinamomea, 75 
Anguinaria, {Lam.) 501 
Animal-plants, 436. 523 
Animalia radiata, 435 
Animals, apathetic, 153 
intelligent, 153 
sensible, 153 
Dd2 



204 



INDEX. 



Animals, vertebrated, xii. 153 
Anodontes, 400 

(Bnig.) 105 
Anoniia, (Brug.) 06 

of Liniiffius, 421 

craniolaiis, 133 

scobinata, 132 

tridentata, 20 

turbinata, 133 
Antennularia, (Lam.) 502 
Antineffi, tentacula of tlie, 572 
Antipatlies, (Lin.) 508 

spiralis, 508 
Anula, (Brug.) 70 
Aplysia, the genus, 351 
Apiocrinites, the, 444 
Aplysia, (Lin.) 43 

Brasiliana, 44 

depilatus, 44 

fasciata, 44 

punctata, 44 
ApoUes, {Montf.) 80 
Aquilla, {Montf. 79 
Area, {Lin.) 102 

cucullata, 102 

pellucida, 103 

tortuosa, 102 
Argonauta, {Lin.) 9 

Arctica, 20 

Argo, 10 

vitrea, 50 
Argus, {Poli.) 94 
Arions, the, 27 
Asamse, the {Ranzani), 137 
Ascaris, 461 

lumbricoides, 401 

renalis, 462 

vermicularis, 402 

visceralis, 402 
Ascidia, {Lin.) 128 

pedunculata, 128 
Aspergillium, {Lam.) 125 

Javanensis, 125 
Aspidogaster, {Beer.) 474 

conchicola, 474 
Astartffi, the, {Soiverb.) 116 
Asteriae, the, 525. 538 
Asterias, {L.) 440 

aurantiaca, 442 

caput Medusa?, 443 

discoidea, 441 

glacialis, 442 

membranacea, 441 

multiradiata, 443 

nigra, 442 

ophiura, 443 

paposa, 442 

rubens, 441 

tessellata, 441 



Astoma, xii. 485 

Astraea, 511 

Atlanta, {Lcsueur) 51 
Keraudrenii, 51 
Peronii, 51 

Auricula, {Lam.) 35 
myosotis, 30 

Avicuia, 101 

{Bmg.) 100 
the genus, 382 
margaritacea, 387 

Aximea, {PoU) 103 



Baculites, {Lam.) 15 
Balani, the, 429 

locomotion of the, 188 

shell of the, 430 
Balanus, {Brug.) {Proper.) 130 

{Lepas) tintinnabulum, 282 

squamosus, 282 

of the tortoise, 431 
Batolithes, {Monff.) 92 
Belemnites, 14 
Bellerophon, {Montf.) 10 
Berenice, {Peron) 485 
Bernacles, the, 426 
Beroe, {Miill.) 486 

globular, 486 

hexagone, 487 

ovatus, 487 
Biphora, {Brug.) 120 
Biphores, the, 413 
Bonellia, {Rolando) 455 

viridis, 455 
Botrylli, the, 417 
Botryllus, {Gartn.) 129 

conglomeratus, 1 29 

stellatus, 129 
Bothryocephalus, {Rud.) 477 

corollatus, 478 

nodosus, 557 

solidus, 557 

young of the, 556 
Brachiella, {Cuv.) 467 

Thynni, 467 
Brachiocephala, locomotion of the, 189 
Brachionus, {Mill!.) 520 
Brachiopoda, 5. 131 

supplement on the, 419 
Bressoides, (A7.) 450 
Brissus, (A7.) 450 
Brontis, {Montf.) 79 
Buccina, {Gm.) 77 
Buccinoida, 68 
Buccinum, {Brug.) 74 

{Lin.) 73 

arcularia, 74 

caudatum, 77 



MOLLUSCA. ZOOPHYTES. 



205 



Buccinum, concholepas, xii. 76 

dolium, 280 

echinophorum, 77 

glabratum, 74 

harpa, 75 

lapillus, 367 

maculatuin, 77 

monodon, 76 

olearium, 75 

perdix, 75 

Persicum, 76 

strigosum, 77 

tritonis, 61 

undulatum, 74 

vibex, 77 
Bulimus avenaceus, 31 

glans, 33 

labrosus, 31 

proper, 30 

terrestris, 30 

zebra, 31 
Bulla, {Lin.) 34. 46 

ampulla, 47 

aperta, 46 

carnosa, 47 

ficus, 81 

fontinalis, 35 

hydatis, 47 

hypnorum, 35 

lignaria, 46 

naucum, 47 

ovum, 71 

physis, 47 

verrucosa, 71 

virginea, 32 

volva, 71 

zebra, 32 
Bullsea, {Lam.) 45 

aperta, 46 
Bursatella, {Blainv.) 45 

Leachii, 45 
Busiris, Risso, 40 

griseus, 40 
Byssomia, (Cuv.) 121 

Coenurus, (Rud.) 479 
Calamary, the, 283. 301 

prey of the, 302 
Calcar, (Montf.) 54 
Calceolaria, 92 
Callianira, 487 

didiploptera, 487 
Callianyra, (Lamoiir.) 502 
Calmarets, the, 10 
Calpe, 492 

Calpurnse, i^Montf.) ^\ 
Calyptrsea, {Lam.) 06 
Camerines, {Brug.) 16 
Campanularia, {Lam.) 501 



Cancellaria, {Lam.) xii. 73 
Cantharis, {Montf.) 55 
Capillaria, {Zeder) 460 
Capsa, {Brug.) 117 
Capuloida, 65 
Capulus, {Montf.) 65 
Cardia, the, 402 
Cardiacea, 111 
Cardita, {Brug.) 107 
Cardium, {Lin.) Ill 

cardissa, 112 

edule, HI. 402 

rusticum, 402 
Carinaria, {Lam.) 50 

cymbium, 50 

depressa, 50 

fragilis, 50 
Carybdea, {Peron) 486 
Carychium myosotis, 36 
Caryophyllaeus, {Bl.) 471 
Caryophyllia, {Lam.) 511 
Cassidaria, {Lam.) 77 
Cassidulus, {Lam.) 448 

Caribaeorum. 449 
Cassiopseae, the, 485 
Cassis, {Brug.) 76 
Castalia, {Lam.) 107 

ambigua, 107 
Catillus, {Brong.) 99 
Cavitaria, {RudoIpJti) 458 
Cavolina, {Abild.) 20 

{Br tig.) 40 

natans, 20 — 

Cellepora hyalina, 504 
Cellularia, {L.) 503 

salicornia, 503 
Cephaea, {Peron) 485 
Cephalopoda, the, 4, 5 

branchiae of the, 6 

supplement on the, 283 
Cephalophora, salivary apparatus of, 197 
Cerastes, {Pali) 111 
Ceratites of Haan, 15 
Ceratophyta, 507 
Ceratophytes, the, 504 
Cercaria, {Miill.) 521 
Cerebratula, {Renieri) 468 
Cerithium, {Brug.) 77 

atrum, 78 
Cestoides, 480 
Cestum, {Lesueur) 488 

Veneris, 488 
Chama, {Brug.) 110 

{Lin.) 108 

the genus, 401 

antiquata, 107 

coralliophaga, 108 

cor.. Ill 

gigas, 109 



206 



INDEX. 



Chama Lazarus, xii. 1 10 

oblonga, 107 
Chamacea, 108 
Chicoracea, {Montf.) 79 
Chimara, iPoU) 101 
Chinese-parasol, the, 352 
Chiton, 368 

{Lin.) 88 

raripilosus, 282 

squamosus, 282 
Chondracanthe lisse, 466 
Chrondracanthus, (Laroch) 467 

zei, 467 
Chondrosepia, (LeuJcard) 11 
Chondrus, [Ciiv.) 31 
Cidaris, (Klehi.) 446 
Cimber, (Mont.) 66 
Cineras, (Leach) 136 

vittata, 136 
Cirropoda, 5. 134 

supplement on tiie, 426 
Clausilia, (Drop.) 32 
Clavagella, {Lcmi ) 125 

echinata, 125 
Clavatulas, the, 80 
Clavella, (OA-e«.) 467 
Cleodora, (Peron) 20 
Clio, the genus, 315 

(Lin.) 18 

amati, 48 

Borealis, 18. 230. 316 

helicina, 20. 316 
Clione, the genus, 315 

{Pall.) 18 
Clithon, {Mont.) 65 
Clypeaster, {Lam.) 449 
Clythia, {Lamour.) 501 
Cockle, the common, 402 
Colombella, {Lam.) 73 
Comatula, {Lam.) 443 
Concholepas, {Lam.) 76 
Conchology, observations on, 249, &:c. 
Coniae, the", {Blain.) 137 
Conia radiata, 137 
Conocarpus, {Lin.) 370 
Conovulus, {Lam.) 36 
Conulus, {Kl.) 448 
Conus, (Z.) 69 

cedonulli, 70 

litteratus, 70 
Coquillages, of Adanson, 147 
Coral, black, 508 

of commerce, 509 

residence of the, 583 
Coralium, (Za?«.)o09 
Corallina, {L.) 504 

conglutinata, 506 

marginata, 506 

obtusata, 506 



Corallina officinalis, xii. 505 

proper, 505 

rigens, 505 

rubens, 505 

tuna, 506 
Corallines, the, 581 
Coralliophaga, (Blain.) 107 
Corallium Gothlandicum, 500 
Corbis, (Cuv.) 113 
Corbula, (Brug.) U^ 

gallica, 117 
Corbule, 119 
Corine, (Gartner) 497 
Coriocella, (Blain.) 68 
Coriocelle noire, 68 
Cornua-ammonis, 15 
Cornularia, (Lam.) 501 
Coronulas, (Lam.) 137 
Corsican moss, 506 
Crania, (Brug.) 133 

antiqua, 133 

personata, 133 
Crassatella, (Lam.) 108 
Crassinae, the, (Lam.) 116 
Crenatula, (Lam.) 99 
Crepidula, (Lam-) 66 
Creseis, 20 

Creusiae, the, (Leach) 137 
Creusia spinulosa, 137 
Cristatella, 498 

mucedo, 498 
Criopus, (Poll) 133 
Crisia, 503 
Cryptostoma, (Blain.) 68 

Leachii, 68 

Carolinum, 68 
Cuboides, 493 
CucuUsea, (Chemn.) 102 
Cucullanus, 460 

ascaro'ides, 464 

lacustris, 460 
Cupulites, 491 
Cuvieria eurisochroma, 485 
Cuvieries, 20 
Cyanea, (Cuv.) 483 

caerulea, 568 
Cyathocrinites, the, 444 
Cyclades, the, 403 
Cyclas, (Brug.) 112 

fluviatilis, 148 
Cyclidium, 521 
Cyclobranchia, the, 367 
Cyclobranchiata, the, 25. 87 
Cyclolithes, 511 
Cyclostoma, the, 53. 354 

(Lam.) 58 

achatinum, 60 

elegans, 281.354 
Cyclocotyles. (Otto) 473 



MOLLUSCA. ZOOPHYTES. 



207 



Cyclocotyles bellones, xii. 473 
Cymba, (Sowerb.) 72 
Cymbium, (Montf.) 72 
what called, 308 
C'ymbulia of Peron, the, 19 
Cymopolia, (Lam.) 505 
Cypraea, (L.) ^0 
Cypricardia, {Lam.) 107 
Cyprina, (Lam.) 113 
Cyrena, (Lam.) 112 
Cyrtodaria, (Datid.) 120 
Cysticercus, (Rud.) 479 
Cystidicola, (Fisch. Monogr.) 461 
Cytherese, the, {Lam.) 116 
Cytherea lutea, 282 



Dactylopora, 516 
Dagysa, (Gm.) 126 
Dail commun, 123 
Delphinula, (Lam.) 56 
Demarestia, {Lesueur) 51 
Dentalium entails, 281 
Derostoma, 475 
Dianchora, (Sotver.) 96 
Diazona, (Sav.) 130 
Dibothryorhyncus, {Blain.) 477 
Diceras, {Lam.) 110 

arietina, 110 
Didema, {Raiix.) 138 
Diphyes, {Cuv.) 492 
Diphyllidia, {Cuv.) 42 

Brugmansii, 42 
Dipsada, {Leach) 106 
Discinse, the, {Lam.) 133 
Discosoma, {Rup.) 495 

nummiforme, 495 
Distichopora, 513 
Distoma, {Retz Sf Zeder) 471 
Dolabella, {Lam.) 44 

Rumphii, 45 
Doliolum, {Otto) 487 

Mediterraneum, 487 
Dolium, {Lam.) 75 

maculatutn, 280 
Donax, {Lin.) 112 

rugosa, 112 
Doridion Meckelii, 47 
Doridium, {Meek.) 47 
Doris, the genus, 349 

{Cuv.) 37 

aflBnis, 40 

Avgo, 37 

atroraarginata, 37 

lacera, 37 

obvelata, 37 

papillosa, 39 

peregrina, 40 

quadrilineata, 38 



Doris radiata, xii. 39 
verrucosa, 37 
Dynatnenes, {Lamour.) 502 



Eburna, {Lam.) 74 

Echinanthus, (Klein.) 449 

Echini, locomotive apparatus of the, 542 

proper, (Lain.) 446 
Echinococcus, (Rud.) 480 
Echinocyamus, (Leske) 450 
Echinodermata, the, 437, 438 

supplement on the, 537 

apedicellata, 453 
Echinorhyncus, (Gm.) 469 

gigas, 470 

haeruca, 471 
Echinone, (Phelsxtm 8^ Leske) 447 
Echinostoma, (Rud.) 472 
Echinus, (Lin.) 445. 539 

altus, 449 

atratus, 447 

auritus, 448 

bicordatus, 449 

cyclostomus, 447 

decadactylus, 448 

depressus, 447 

esculentus, 446 

hexaporus, 448 

lucunter, 447 

locomotion of the, 543 

mamillatus, 446 

miliaris, 446 

nucleus, 450 

orbiculatus, 450 

orbiculus, 448 

ovatus, 449 

oviformis, 450 

purpureus, (Miill.) 450 

quadrifasciatus, 448 

quadriradiatus, 449 

rosaceus, 449 

sinuatus, 447 

spatangus, 450 

teres, 450 

tetraporus, 448 

vulgaris, 448 
Echion, (Poli) 97 
Echiurus, 456 
Egeria, (Roiss.) 113 
Electra, (Lamouroiix) 503 
Eledon (Aristotle) 9 
Emarginula, (Lam.) 87 
Enallostega, 17 
Enchelis, {Miill.) 521 
Encrinites, the, 444 
Encrinus of Ellis, 539 

{Guett) 443 

asterias, 444 



208 



INDEX. 



Entozoa, {Rudolphi) xii. 456 

nomatoidea, 458 

body of the, 548 

digestive apparatus of the, 551 

locomotion of, 554 

mouth of the, 550 

residence of, 553 

nervous system of, 552 

nutriment of, 555 

skin and muscles of the, 549 

supplement on the, 547 
Entrochi, 445 
Eolidia, (Cuv.) 39 
Eschara, (Lam.) 513 
Escharse, the, 130 
Etheria, (Lam.) 100 
EuccElium, (Sav.) 130 
Eucratia, 503 
Eudora, (Peron) 485 

moneta, 485 
Eugeniacrinites, the, 445 
Eunicea, (Lavwur.) 508 
Euryale, {Lam.) 443 

palmiferum, 443 
Eurybia, 20 
Evomphatus, (Sowerby) 56 

pentangulatus, 56 
Explanaria, 511 



Fasciola, (L.) 471 

hepatica, 472 
Fasciolariae, the, 81 
Favonia, (Per.) 485 
Favosites, the, 500 
Festucaria, (Schr.) 471 
Fibularia, {Lam.) 450 
Filaria, (Z.) 459 

Medinensis, 459. 558 
Fimbria, {Megerl.) 113 
Firola, {Peron) 51 

gibbosa, 51 

mutica, 51 
Firolae, the, 352 
Firoloidae, the, 51 
Fissurella, {Lam.) 86 
Fistulana, {Brug.) 124 
Flabellaria, {Lam.) 506 
Flabellina, {Cuv.) 40 
Floriceps, {Cuv.) 478 
Flustra, (Z.) 504 

foliacea, 504 

verticillata, 503 
Foramenifera, {B'Orbigny) 17 
Foveolia, {Peron) 483 
Fulgur, (Montf.) 81 
Fungia, {Lam.) 510 
Furcularia, {Lam.) 519 
Fiiria infernalis, 558 



Fusus, {Brug.) xii. 80 



Galathaea, {Brug.) 113 
Galaxaura, {Lamour.) 506 
Galeae, (A7.) 449 
Galerites, {Lam.) 448 
Gasteropoda, the, 5. 21 

pectinibranchiata, 68 

supplement on tlie, 322 
Gastrochana, {Spengler) 124 
Gastroplax, (^;a/«.j'48. 352 
Gastropteron Meckelii, 47 
Gervillia, {Defr.) 99 
Geryonia-proper, {Peron) 485 
Glaucus, {Forster) 39 

the genus, 350 
Globites, of Haan, 15 
Glossus, {Poli) 110 
Glycymeris, {La7n.) 120 
Gonialites, of Haan, 15 
Gonium, 521 
Gorgonia, {L.) 508 

antipathes, 508 

crassa, 508 

pinnata, 508 

reseda, 508 
Gorgonocephala, {Leach) 443 
Gryphsea, {Lam.) 94 

tricarinata, 94 
Guinea-worm, the, 459. 558 
Gymnorynchus reptans, 480 



Hseruca, {Gm.) 470 
muris, 471 

Haliotides, discus of the, 258 

Halymede, {Lamour) 506 

Halyotis, {Lin.) 85 

proper, {Lam.) 85 

Hamites, {Sowerb.) 16 

Harpa, {Lam.) 75 

Hectocotyle argonauts, 47 ^ 
octopodis, 474 

Hectocotyles, {Cuv.) 474 

Helices, the, 322. 329 

detriment from, 345 
eggs of the, 337 
food of the, 335 
locomotion of the, 331 
reproduction of, 341 
reptation of the, 334 
respiration of the, 332 
where found, 333 
young of the, 338 

Helicina, 53 

{Lam.) 61 
striata, 62 

Helico-Limax, {Ftrus.) 30 



MOLLUSCA. ZOOPHYTES. 



209 



Helicostega, {D'OrUgny) xii. 17 

amnionoida, 17 

naiitiloida, 17 
Helix, 29 

{Li7i ) 34 

aculeata, 29 

segopthalraus, 29 

albella, 29 

ampullacea, 61 

arbustorum, 29 

aspersa, 29 

brevipes, 30 

(Bulimus) zebra, 280 

castanea, 29 

cicatrosa, 29 

cincta, 29 

citrina, 29 

cornea, 34 

cretacea, 29 

decollata, 30 

epistylium, 29 

extensa, 29 

fragilis, 35 

fruticura, 29 

fulva, 29 

fuscescens, 29 

glauca, 29 

globulus, 29 

grisea, 29 

haemastoma, 29 

hortensis, 29 

Itala, 29 

janthina, 64 

lapicida, 29 

lactea, 29 

ligata, 29 

limosa, 35 

lucerna, 29 

lucorum, 29 

Lusitanica, 29 

nemoralis, colour of, 1G2 

nemorensis, 29 

neritella, 62 

nivea, 29 

oblonga, 31 

ovalis, 31 

palustris, 35 

the peculiar organ of the, 336 

pellucida, 30 

picta, 29 

pomatia, 29. 339 

pulla, 29 

putris, 32 

rapa, 29 

ringens, 30 

rosacea, 29 

rufa, 30 

scarabaeus, 35 
Cziv. Index. 



Helix sinuata, xii. 29 

spirorbis, 34 

stagnalis, 35 

striata, 62 

terrestris, 29 

turturiim, 29 

venusta, 29 

vertigo, 31 

vittata, 29 

vivipara, 59 

vortex, 34 
Hellicostega turbinoida, 17 
Hemicardium, 112 
Heteropoda, the, 25. 352 

{Lam.) 49 
Hexastoma, 473 
Hiatella, {Baud.) 121 
Himantopus, 521 
Hinnita, {Defr.) 95 
Hippocrenes, {Montf.) 82 
Hippopus, 110 

{Quoij 8f Gaim.) 491 
Hipponyx, {Defr.) 65 
Hippurites, 92 
Holostoma, {Nitzsch) 472 
Holothuria, {Lin.) 450 

frondosa, 452 

papillosa, 453 

phantapus, 451 

physalis, 490 

Priapus, 454 

regalis, 452 

spiralis, 489 

squamata, 452 

Thalia, 127 

tremula, 452 

zonaria, 128 
Holothuriae, the, 544 
Hortoles, of Montfort, 14 
Hyalsea, the, 316 
Hyalea, {Lam.) 20 

cornea, 20 

the body of the, 317 

digestive apparatus of the, 320 

foot of the, 321 

mantle of the, 318 

trunk and eyes of the, 319 
Hydatid, the globular, 479 
Hydatides, 479 
Hydnophora, {Fisc.) 512 
Hydra, Linn. 497 

the, 575 

fusca, 497 

sociata, 496 

viridis, 497 
Hydrse, locomotion of the, 576 

reproduction of the, 577 
Hydras, residence of the, 578 
E e 



210 



INDEX. 



Hyria, (Lam.) xii. 107 
Hyria rugosa, 107 



Inclusa, 118 
lanira, (Oken.) 487 
Inferobranchia, the, 351 
Inferobranchiata, the, 24. 41 
liifundibuhim, {Montf.) bb 
Infusoria, 518 

body of the, 592 
hoiTiogenea, 520 
supplement on the, 591 
Infusorias, the, 438 
Inoceramus, {Soiverh.) 99 
Intestina, {Rudolphi) 456 
cavitaria, 458 
parenchymata, 458 
Iridina, 106 

exotica, 106 
Isis, {L.) 509 

aster, 444 
dichotoma, 510 
hippuris, 509 
nobilis, 509 
ocracea, 509 
proper, (Lam.) 509 
Isocardia, (Lmn.) 110 



Jania, {Lamo^ir.) 505 

Janira, {Oken.) 487 

Janthina, (Lam.) 63 

Janthinse, the, 355 

food of the, 357 
habitation of the, 356 

Judaic stones, 446 



Kerona, 521 
Kolpoda, 521 



Laganum, (Klein.) 450 
Laniogerus, (Blum.) 39 

Elfortii, 39 
Lanistae, the, (Montf.) 61 
Lathira, [Brug.) 80 
Lavignons, the, 118 
Lenticular stones, 16 
Lepas, (Lin.) 134 

anatifera, 135 
aurita, 429 
balanoides, 432 
balaenaris, 137 
balanus, 137- 432 



Lepas diadema, xii. 138. 282. 433 
mitella, 136 
leporina, 429 
poUicipes, 135 
porosus, 137 
spongites, 433 
Straemii, 137 - 

testudinaria, 431 
tintinnabulum, 432 
Lernsea, (L.) 465 
adunca, 467 
branchialis. 465 
cornuta, 467 
multicornis, 466 
ocularis, 466 
radiata, 467 
triglffi, 467 
unciata, 467 
Leucophra, 520 
Liagora, {Lmno2ir.) 506 
Licorne, {Mo7itf.) J6 
Ligula, (Bloch) 481 

abdominalis, 481 
cingulum, 481 
Liguus, (Mon.) 32 
Lima, (Brug.) 95 
Limaces, eggs of the, 325 
food of the, 324 
mischief done by the, 327 
locomotion and tentacula of the, 
323 
Limacina, (Cuv.) 19 
Limax, the genus, 322 
agrestis, 27- 328 
antiquorum, 27 
griseus, 326 
maximus, 27 
noctiluca, 328 
proper, 26 
rufus, 27 
sylvaticus, 27 
tergipes, 40 
Limnasa, the genus, 347 

(Poli) 106 
LimnEeee, habits of the, 348 
Limnaeus, (Lam.) 34 
Linguatula, (Rud.) 464 
Lingula, (Bnig.) 131 

anatina, 131 
Liorhyncus, (Rud.) 464 
Lithodermis, (Cuv.) 454 

cuneus, 454 
Lithodomus, (Cuv.) 105 
Lithophyta, 509 
Littorina, (Feruss.) 60 
Lituus, of Breyn, 13 
Lobaria, (Blain.) 47 

quadriloba, 46 
Loligo, the, 283. 301 



MOLLUSCA. ZOOPHYTES. 



211 



Loligo, {Lam.) xii. 10 
ink of the, 289 
media, 11 
sagittata, 10 
vulgaris, 10 

Loligopsis, {Lam.) 10 

Loricula, 503 

Loripes, {Poll) 114 

Lotorium, {L.) 79 

Lucernaria, {Miill.) 496 
auricula, 496 
quadricornis, 496 

Lucina, {Bnig.) ] 14 
saxoruni, 115 

Lumbricus echiurus, 456 
edulis, 455 

Lunulites, the, 516 

Lutraria, {Lam.) 119 

Lymnorea, {Peron) 485 



Mactra, {Lam.) 118 

{Lin.) 117 

lutraria, 1 19 
Madrepora, 584 

{Lin.) 510 

agaricites, 512 

cinerascens, 511 

cucullata, 512 

cyathus, 511 

damicornis, 511 

exesa, 512 

fungites, 510 

labyrinthica, 512 

organum, 5 12 

porites, 511 

porpita, 511 

proper, {Lam.) 511 

radiata, 511 

ramea, 532 

seriata, 511 

turbinata, 510 

virginea, 511 
Madrepore, 584 
Magilus, {Montf.) 84 
Malacozoaria, arrangement of the, 150 
Malleus, {Lam.) 98 
Malum granatum, 528 
Mangliers, the, 370 
Margaritae, the, {Leach) 100 
Marginella, {Lam.) 73 
Meandrina, {Lam.) 511 
Medina worm, the, 558 
Medusa, (/..) 482 

of Linnaeus, 561 

sequorea, 483 

aurita, 483 

Cephaea, 485 

chrysaora, 484 



Medusa, frondosa, xii. 485 
infundibulum, 487 
marsupialis, 486 
minima, 485 
mollicina, 483 
pileus, 486 
proboscidalis, 485 
umbella, 489 
velella, 489 
Medusae, food of the, 565 

organization of the, 564 
phosphorescence of the, 567 
the tissue of the, 563 
Medusaria; of M. Delamarck, 561 
Melampes, {Montf.) 36 
Melania, {Lam.) 62 
amarula, 62 
trunctata, 62 
Melanie tliiare, 62 
Melanopsis, {Feritss.) 62 

buccinoi'dea, 62 
Meleager, {Montf.) 56 
Melite, {Lam.) 509 
Millepora, {L.) 512 
alcicornis, 513 
cellulosa, 513 
foliacea, 513 
informis, 513 
proper, {Lam.) 513 
tubulosa, 504 
violacea, 513 
Minyas, {Cuv.) 453 
Mitra, {Lam.) 73 
Modiola caudigera, 105 
Modiolus, {Lam.) 105 
MoUusca animalia, 1 

apparatus of locomotion in, 181 

the aquatic, 231 

aquatic pulmonaceous, 340 

arteries of the, 212 

brachiata, 151 

circulatory apparatus of the, 213 

circulating system of the, 1. 210 

classification of the, 4. 243 

coloration of sliells of, 163 

definition of the, 141 

diseases of the, 227 

edges of the mantle of, 158 

eggs of the, 219, 220 

food of the, 201. 203 

foot of the, 182. 185 

form of the, 154 

generation of the, 216 

gills of the, 206, 207 

heart of the, 211 

injury done by, 240 

intestinal canal of the, 198 

lamellibranch acephalous, 157 

the lithophagous, 406 

E e2 



212 



INDEX. 



MoUusca, liver of the, xii. 200 

locomotion of tlie bivalve, 186 

mantle of the, 156 

the marine, 232 

motion of the bivalve, 193 

movements of the acephalous, 
192 

muscles of the, 173 

the naked, 3 

nervous system of the, 221. 222 

operculum of the, 175. 177 

organ of vision in the, 1 80 

ovary of the, 217 

peculiarity in the acephalous, 187 

relation with the mineral kiiig- 
dom of, 241 

reptantia, 151 

respiration of the, 204, 205. 208, 
209 

sailing of certain, 190 

sense of smelling in, 179 

sense of touch in, 178 

shells of the, 159 

shell of the, 160—167. 225—229 

shell of the acephalous, 172 

skin of the, 155 

stomach of the, 199 

strata resulting from, 243 

subsilentia, 151 

supplement on the, 139 

teeth of the, 171. 195 

the terebrant, 406 

the terrestrial, 233 

tongue of the, 196 

utility of the, 237, 238, 239 

veins of the, 214 

where found, 234, 235 
Molpadia, {Cuv.) 453 

holothurioides, 453 
Monas, {MiiU.) 522 
Monoceros, {Lam.) 76 
Monodon, {Lam.) 60 
Monophora, 52 
Monostoiiia, {Zeder.) 471 
Monticularia, {Lam.) 512 
Mopsea, {Lamoiir.) 510 
Morio, {Mnntf.) 77 
Murex, {Bnig.) 78 

(oi Lmnaiis) 77, 78 

Babilonius, 80 

brandaris, 366 

bufo, 80 

cochlidium, 80 

cretaceus, 79 

gyrinus, 80 

haustellum, 79 

Islandicus, 80 

lotorium, 79 

Maaellanicus, 79 



Murex perversus, xii. 81 

proper, {Montf.) 79 

ramosus, 79 

rapa, 81 

ricinus, 76 

scolymus, 81 

stramineus, 80 

tribulus, 79 

tripterus, 79 

tritonis, 79 

trunculus, 366 

tubifer, 79 

tulipa, 81 

vespertilio, 80 
Muricea, {Lamoitr.) 508 

spicifera, 508 
Mussel, the common, 223 

the pearl, 387 
Mussels, the, 393 

the fishing of, 398 

the fresh-water, 400 

malady from eating, 395 

where found, 395 
Mya, {Lam.) 119 

{Lin.) 118 

australis, 118 

glycimeris, 120 

Hispanica, 118 

margaritifera, 106 

pictorum, 107 

siliqua, 120 

truncata, 119 
Mynias, cyanea, 454 
Mytilacea, 104 
Mytiloida, {Brong.) 105 
Mytilus, {Lin.) 104 

(i.) 393 

anatinus, 106 

barbatus, 105 

cygneus, 106. 400 

eduhs, 104, 223 

hirundo, 101 

lithophagus, 105 

margaritaceus, 387 

margaritiferus, 100. 382 

pholadis, 121 



Nassa, {Lam.) 74 

Natica, {Lam.) 64 

Nautilus, {Lin.) 12 

of the ancients 303 

of Aristotle, 305 

the papyraceous, 309 

{Pliny), 9 

Pompilius, 13. 311,312, 313 

properly so called, 13 

spirula, 12. 280. 313 

Navicella, {Lam.) 66 



MOLLUSCA. ZOOPHYTES. 



213 



Navicula, xii. 493 
Nematoidea, (Rudolphi) 458 
Nemertes, (Cuv.) 468 
Nemertesia, {Lamoicr.) 502 
Nerita, {Lm.) 64 

corona, 65 

fluviatilis, 65 

peloronta, 280 

perversa, 64 

pulligera, 65 

turrita, 65 
Neritina, (^Lam.) 64 
Nermertes Borlasii, 468 
Nesea, {Lamour.) 505 
Notarchus, (Cuv.) 45 

gelatinosus, 45 
Nucleolites, 447 
Nucula, (Lam.) 103 
Nudibranchla, the, 349 
Nudibranchiata, the, 24. 36 
Nullipora, 513 
Nummulites, (Lam.) 16 



Octhosise, the, (Ranzani) 137 
Octopi, duration and size of the, 294 

fishing for the, 293 

food of the, 291 

long arms of the, 290 

size of the, 295 

utility and injury of the, 296 
Octopus, (Lam.) 8 

the argonaut, 299 

the genus, 289 

habitation of the, 292 

the navigating, 298 
Oculina, (Lam.) 511 
Ocyrbe, (Rang.) 488 

maculata, 488 
Ocythoe antiquorum, 297 

[Rufinesque) 297 
Oliva, (,Brug.) 71 

littorata, 280 

subuluta, 71 
Olygira;, {Say.) 62 
Ombellularia, {Cuv.) 515 
Ombrella, {Lam.) 352 
Onchidia, the, 346 

typhse, 346 
Onchidium, {Buck.) 33 

leevigatum, 33 

typhte, 33 
Onchidora, {Blain.) 37 

(Leachii) 37 
Onychotheuthis, {LicJitenst.) 11 
Onykia, {Lesueiir) 11 
Ophiocephalus, {Quoy dj- Gaim.) 468 
Ophiostomus, 460 

cystidicola, 461 



Ophiures, {Lam.) xii. 442 
Orbicula, {Cuv.) 133 
Orbicula, {Lam.) 424 
Orbitulites, (Lam.) 15 

the, 516 
Orythia, {Peron) 485 
Oscabriones, the, 368 

locomotion of the, 188 

motion of the, 194 

nervous system of the, 224 
Ostracea, the, 91 
Ostracita, {Le Peijr.) 92 
Ostrea, {Li7i.) 93 

{L.) 369 

cristata, 93 

edulis, 93. 380 

folium, 93 

lima, 95 

malleus, 98 

maxima, 94 

parasitica, 93. 370 

solea, 94 

spondyloidea, 95 
Otion, 429 

Cuvierii, 136 

{Leach) 136 
Ovulae, {Montf.) 71 
Ovulites, {Lin.) 516 
Oxyuris, {Rud.) 460 

curvula, 460 
Oyster, the, 369 

the common, 93 

the leaf, 93 

the little Mediterranean, 93 

the parasite, 93 

the pearl, 387 
Oysters, art of greening, 377 

eggs of the, 371 

the green, 376 

heart of the, 215 

mode of parking, 373 

nutritious quality of, 379 

utility of, 372 



Pachytes, {Defr.) 96 
PadollcE, the, {Montf.) 86 
Pagurus Bernhardus, 9 
Paludina, {Lam.) 59 
Paludinae, the, 354 
Pandora, {Briig.) 120 
Panope de Faujas, 120 
Panopea, {Mesnard) 120 
Pantacrinus Europjeus, 444 
Paphia, {Roiss) 108 
Paramecium, 521 
Parenchymata, 469 
Parmacella, {Cuv.) 28 
Olivieri, 28 



214 



INDEX. 



Parmacella palliolum, xii. 28 
Parmophorus, {Lam.) 8^ 
Patella, (Liji.) 88 

anomala, 133 

coiitorta, C7 

cornucopise, 65 

cymbalaria, 281 

equestris, G7 

fornicata, 66 

Hungarica, 65 

neritoidea, 66 

sipho, 67 
Patellae, the, 367 
Pavonia, 512 
Pavonaria, (Cuv.) 515 
Pecten, (Brug.) 94 
Pectines, the, 381 
Pectiuibranchia, tlie, 353 
Pectinibranchiata, the, 25. 52 
Pectunculus, (Lam.) 103 
Pedicellaria, 498 
Pedicellata, the, 439 
Pedum, (Brug.) 95 
Pelagia, 483 

panopyra, 483 
Pelaguses, (Montf.) 15 
Peloris, (Poll) 93 
Peloronta, (OA-ew. ) 64 
Penicillus, [Lam.) 505 
Pennatula, 585 

(i.) 513 

antennina, 515 

cynomoriuni, 515 

encrinus,515 

filosa, 466 

grisea, 514 

juncea, 514 

mirabilis, 514. 515 

mode of growth in the, 586 

phosphorea, 514 

proper, [Cuv.) 514 

reniformis, 515 

rubra, 514 
Pennella, {Okoi.) 466 

filosa, 466 
Pentacrinites, the, 444 
Pentalasmis, (Leach) 135 
Pentastoma, (Rucl.) 464 

taenioi'des, 464 
Perdix, 75 
Perna, {Bnig.) 98 
Peroiicea, {Poll) 112. 114 
Petricola, {Lmn.) 117 
Phasianella, {Lam.) 61 
Phcenicuri, 475 
Pholades, the, 406 

phosphorescence of the, 409 
Pholadidoides Anglicanus, 282 
Pholas, {Lin.) 122 



Pholas Candida, xii. 410 

dactylus, 123. 282 

hians, 124 
Phorcynia, of Lamarck, 483 
Phyline quadripartita, 46 
Phyllidia, _(C«i'.)41 

trilineata, 41 
Phvlliroe, 52 
Physa, {Drap.) 35 

acuta, 35 
Physalia, {Lam.) 490 
Physalise, the, 569 

sting of the, 570 
Physaloptera, 463 
Physsophora, {Forsk.) 490 

filiformis, 492 

hydrostatica, 491 

proper, {Peroii.) 491 • 
Pileolus, {Sowerhy) 66 

plicatus, 66 
Pileopis, {Lam.) 65 
Pinna, {Lin.) 101 

the genus, 391 

nobilis, 101 
Pinnse marinse, 528 

where found, 392 
Pintadinae, the, {Lam.) 100 
Pintadina margaritacea, 387 
Pirena, {Lam.) 63 

terebralis, 63 
Placobranchus, {Van Hasselt.) 40, 41 
Placuna, {Brug.) 97 
Plagiostoma, (Sowerb.) 96 
Planaria, {Miill.) 474 

aurantiaca, 475 

Brocchii, 475 

cornuta, 475 

lactea, 475 
Planites of Haan, 15 
Planorbes, habits of tlie, 347 
Planorbis, {Brug.) 34 
Platycrinites, the, 444 
Pleurobranchsea, {Meckel.) 43 
Pleurobranchidium, {Blain.) 43 
Pleurobranchus, {Cuv.) 42 

Peronii, 43 
Pleurotoma, 57 

{Lam.) 80 

{Murex, Lin.) Babylonia, 280 
Plexaurus, {Lamour.) 508 
Plicatula, {Lam.) 98 
Plocameros, {Leuclcard) 37 

ocellatus, 37 
Plumatella, {Bosc.) 500 
Plumularia, {Lam.) 502 
Pneumodermon, {Cuv.) 19 

Peronii, 19 
Pneumon, of Aristotle, 526 
Pocillopora, {Lam.) 511 



MOLLUSC A. ZOOPHYTES. 



215 



Podopsis, {Lam.) xii. 96 
Pollicipes, {Leach) 135. 429 
Polpo moscardine, 307 

moscarolo, 307 
Polycera, {Cuv.) 37 
Polyclinum, 130 
Polylepe vulgaris, 282 
Polyparia, 499 

nantia, 513 
Polyphemus, 33 
Polyphysa, {Lam.) 507 

aspergillum, 507 
Polypi, the, 130. 438. 493. 499 

carnosi, 493 

cellulosi, 502 

the coralliferous, 581 

corticati, 507 

gelatinosi, 496 

supplement on the, 572 

tubiferi, 499 
Polypus, of the Ancients, 8. 289 

{Aristotle) 8. 
Polystoma, (Zeder) 473 

integerrimum, 473 

taenioi'des, 464 
Pompilus, (Pliny) 9 
Pompylos of Pliny, 304 
Porites, the, 511 
Porpita, (Lam.) 488 
Potamida, (Brong.) 78 
Pompylos, Lamarckii, 78 
Poteriocrinites, 444 
Poulpe musqu6, 9 
Priapulus, (Lam.) 454 
Primnoa, (Lamour.) 508 
Prionoderma, (Riid.) 464 
Prostoma, 475 
Proteus, (L.) 521 

diffluens, 522 
Proto, (Defr.) 57 
Pterocera, (Lam.) 82 
Pteropoda, the, 4. 18 

supplement on the, 315 
Pterobrachea, (For sic.) 50 

coronata, 51 
Psammobia, (Lam.) 122 
Psammothea, (Lam.) 122 

violacea, 122 
Psilopus, (Poli) 110 
Psyche, 20 
Pudenda marina, 545 
Pudendum regale, 452 
Pulmonaria, the, 24. 26 

the aquatic, 33 

the terrestrial, 26 
Pulmonariae, the, 322 
Pulvinites, (Defr.) 100 
Pupa, (Lam.) 31. 281 
Purgamenta maris, 527, 528. 545 



Purpura, (Brug.) xii. 75 

(Lam.) 358 

monoceros, 169 
Purpuras, colours obtained from, 363. 
365 

the dye obtained from, 362 

habits of the, 359 

many species of the, 360 

mode of taking the, 362 
Pyrgo, (Defrance) 21 
Pyrgomoe, the, (Savig.) 137 
Pyrgoma cancellata, 137 
Pyrosoma, (Peron) 129 

the genus, 418 

Atlanticum, 130 
Pyrula, {Lam.) 81 

Racemides, (Cuv.) 491 
Radiolites, (Lam.) 92 
Ranella, (Lam.) 80 
Renilla, (Lam.) 515 
Retepora, (Lam.) 513 
Rhizophyza, (Peron) 491 
Rhizostoma proper, (Cuv.) 484 

suckers of, 566 
Rhizostome bleu, 484 
Rhodocrinites, the, 444 
Rhyncobothrium, (Blain.) 478 
Ricinula, (Lam.) 76 
Rissoa Freminvilii, 62 
Rostellaria, (Lam.) 82 
Rotella, (Lam.) 54 
Rotifera, 518 
Rotifere des toits, 519 
Rupellariae, the, 408 

Salicornaria, 503 
Salpa, (Gm.) 126 

democratica, 127 

maxima, 127 

octofera, 128 

scutigera, 127 

Tilesii, 127 

tricuspis, 127 
Salpse,the, 127, 413 

circulation of the, 414 

eggs of the, 416 

nutriment of the, 415 
Sanguinolaria, (Lam.) 122 
Sarcinula, (Lam.) 512 
Scalaria, the, 353 

(Lam.) 57 
Sclephites, (Sowerb.) 15 
Scarabaeus, (Montf.) 35 
Scaturiginum, (Drap.) 35 
Scelorostoma, (Blain.) 463 
Scirpearia, (Cuv.) 515 
Scissurellae, (D'Orbigni/) 57 



216 



INDEX. 



Scolex, (M«7?.)xii. 480 

gigas, 480 
Scutella, (Lam.) 448 
Scutibranchiata, the, 25. 85 
Scyllsa, {Lin.) 38 

pelagica, 39 
Scyllffiffi, the, 350 
Sea-acorns, 429 
Sea-anemones, 494. 572 
Sea-hare, the, 351 
Sea-hedge-hogs, 540 
Sea-nettle, 561 
Sea-nettles, the, 437. 481 

the fixed, 493. 572 
Sea-stars, the, 440. 525 
Sea-urchins, 445 
Sepia, (La?)!.) 1 1 

{Lin. 8 

the genus, 283 

hexapus, 303 

loligo, 10 

media, 11 

octopodia, 8 

octopus, 297 

officinalis, 12 

organ of hearing in, 143 

rugosa, 8 

sepiola, 11 

tuberculata, 12 

tunicata, 303 

unguiculata, 303 
Sepia, eggs of the, 286, 287 

fecundation of the, 285 

fishing for the, 293 

food of the, 284 
Sepiola, {Cuv.) 11 

vulgaris, 11 
Sepiotheutes, {Blain.) 1 1 
Septaria, {Fer.) 66 
Serialaria, {Lam.) 502 
Serialopora, 511 
Serpula anguina, 281 
Sertularia, {Lin.) 501 

abietina, 502 

anguina, 501 

antennina, 502 

chelata, 503 

dichotoma, 501 

eburnea, 503 

hcelicina, 502 

lendigera, 502 

loricata, 503 

Myriophyllum, 502 

neritina, 503 

operculata, 502 

proper, 502 

verticillata, 501 
Ship-vrorm, 144 
Siderolithes, the, IG 



Sigaretus, {Adans.) xii. 67 
Sigillina, (6'a?;.) 130 
Siliquaria, {Briig.) 84 

anguina, 281 
Siiiiplegades, {Monff.) 15 
Siphonaria, {Soiverh.) 67 

radiata, 281 

tristensis, 67 
Siponculus, {Gm.) 454 

edulis, 455 

levis, 455 

verrucosus, 455 
Sistra, {Moiitf.) 76 
Slug, the phosphorescent, 328 
Slugs, the common, 322 
Snail, the common, 29 
Snails, the, 322. 329 

medicinal use of, 340 

sense of touch in, 330 
Solarium, {Lam.) 56 
Sole of the Indian Ocean, the, 94 
Solemya, 120 
Solen, the, 403 

{Lin.) {Cuv.) 121 

anatinus, 119 

legumen, 122 

minutus, 121 

sanguinolentus, 122 

strigilatus, 122 
Solens, history of the, 404, 405 
Sorraet, of Adanson, 46 
Sparus rail, 483 
Spatangus, (A7 ) 450 

brissus, 524 

depressus, 448 
Sphserulites, {Lameth) 92 
Sphyrions, {Cuv.) 466 
Spirifer, {Sowerh.) 132 
Spiroptera, 463 

strumosa, 463 
Spirula, {Lam.) 12 

Australis, 280. 313 

Peronii, 313 
Spondylus, {Lin.) 97 
Sponge, the common, 517 
Sponges, the, 587 
Spongia, 587 

{L.) 517 

officinalis, 517 
Star-fish, the, 440. 538 
Stephanomia, {Peron) 492 

amphitritis, 492 
Sternaspis, {Otto) 456 
Strigea, {Abildg.) 471 
Stromatia, {Lam.) 86 
Strombus, {Lin.) 81 

amplus, 82 

fusus, 82 

lambis, 82 



:V[OL[-USCA. 



217 



Strombus pes pelicani, xii. 8i 

proper, (La7ii.) 82 
Strongylus, {Miill) 462 

armatus, 462 

equirius, 462 

gigas, 462 
Striithiolarise, the, 80 
Stycostega, 17 
Stylinae, 512 

Subsilien, what named, 403 
Succinea, {Drap.) 31 

amphibia, 32 
Synoi'cum, {Lam.) 130 



Tabularia acetabulum, 507 
Taenia apri, 479 

bovina, 479 

caprina, 479 

celhilosa, 479 

cerebralis, 479 

cordata, 479 

elliptica, 557 

ferarum, 479 

finna, 479 

globosa, 479 

lanceole, 464 

lata, 47c 

ovilla, 479 

pisiformis, 479 

utricularis, 479 

vulgaris, 476 
Tectaria, (Montf.) 54 
Tectibranchia, the, 351 
Tectibranchiata, the, 24 
Telescopium, (Montf.) 55 
Tellina, (Lin.) 113 

cornea, 112 

fluminea, 113 

gari, 122 

insequivalvis, 121 

lactea, 114 

togata, 120 
Tellinides, {Lam.) 114 
Tenia vulgaris, 476 

nodulosa, 477 

solium, 477 
Teniae, 476 
Tenioides, 476 
Tentacularia, (Bosc.) 478 
Terebellum, {Lam.) 71 

subulatum, 71 
Terebra, {Brug.) 77 
Terebratula, {Brug.) 131 
Terebratulae, the, 316. 421 
gills of the, 422 
muscular apparatus of ihe, 423 
Teredina, {Lam.) 124 
personata, 124 
Ciiv. hidex. 



Teredines, the, xii. 410 

habits of the, 412 
Teredo, {Lin.) 123 
clava, 124 

injurious nature of the, 144 
navalis, 123. 282 
nigra, 282 
palmulatus, 124 
Tergipes, {Cuv.) 40 
Testacea, 90 

definition of, 141 
Testacella, {Lam.) 28 
haliotoi'dea, 28 
Tetribranchiata, 42 
Tetralasmis, {Cuv.) 136 

hirsutus, 136 
Tetrarhyncus, {Riid.) 478 

lingualis, 478 
Thaea, {Lamour) 502 
Thalassema, {Cuv.) 456 

Neptuni, 450 
Thalassema scutatum, 456 
Thalassianthus Asterias, 495 

{Riippel,) 495 
Thalia, {Brown) 120 

salpa, 413 
Thecidea, {Defr.) 133 

Mediterranea, 133 
Thethya, {Lam.) 517 
{Lin.) 38 
fimbria, 38. 475 
Theyton, of the ancients, 128 
Tibiana, {Lamour) 501 
fasciculata, 501 
Timorienna, {Quoy Sf Gaim.) 52 
Tornatella, {Lam.) 63 
Tremadotes, {Rud.) 471 
Trianophora, {Rud.) 477 
Trichocephalus, 459 

acetabularis, 474 
dispar, 459 
Trichocera, {Lam.) 519 

innata, 519 
Trichoda paxillum, 519 
Trichodffi, 520 
Trichostomus, {Rus.) 400 
Tricuspidaria, {Rud.) 477 
Tridacna, {Brag.) {Lam.) 109 
Trigonia, {Brug.) 103 

scabra, 104 
Trigonie nacree, 103 
Tristoma, {Cuv.) 473 

coccineum, 473 
Triton, {Lin.) 134 
Tritonia, {Ctiv.) 38 

Hombergii, 38 
elegans, 38 
glauca, 38 
rubra, 38 
F f 



218 



INDEX. 



Tritonium, (Lam.) xii. 7f' 
Troelioida, 54 
Trophona, {Montf.) 79 
Trochus, {Lin.) 54 

agglutinans, 55 
cinerarias, 55 
concavus, 55 
dolabratus, G3 
foveolatus, 55 
inermis, 54 
Indicus, 65 
iris, 55 
labeo, 61 
maculatus, 55 
perspectivus, 56 
telescopium, 55 
tessellatus. 60 
vestiarius, 54 
virgatus, 55 
Tubicinella, {Lam.) 137 
Tubicinellce, the, 137 
Tubicolaria, {Lam.) 519 
Tubipora, {L.) 

catenulata, 500 
rnusica, 500 
Tdbularia, (L.) 500 

campanulata, 500 
cornucopia, 501 
coryna, 498 
indivisa, 501. 530 
marina, 500 
Tubulibranchiata, 83 
Tubulipora, {Lam.) 504 
Turbinella, {Lam.) 81 
Turbinolia, {Lam.) 510 
Turbinolopses, {Lamour.) 511 

ocracea, 511 
Turbo, {Lin.) 32. 56 
{Montf.) 56 
the genus, 353 
calcar, 54 
clathrus, 58 
delphinus, 57 
elegans, 58 
imbricatus, 57 
lincina, 58 
littoreus, 60 
marmoratus, 353 
nodulosus, 57 
petholatus, 56 
pica, 56 
scalaris, 58 
thei-malis, 230 
uva, 31 
Turcocerca, {Lam.) 521 
Turrilites, {Montf.) 16 
Turritella, [Lam.) 57 
Typhis, {Mont.) 79 



Umbrella, {Lam.) xii. 48 
Unguis odoratus, 56 
Ungulinse, the, 115 
Ungulina transversa, 115 
Unio, {Bnis.) 106 
the,'401 
the genus, 386 
littoralis, 106 
margaritifera, 389 
Urchins, 540 
Urceolaria, {Lam.) 520 
Urtica marina, 561 



Vaginicola, {I^am.) 519 
Vaginulus, {Ferus.) 27 
Valvata, {^Miill.) 58 ; 

cristata, 59 
planoi-bis, 59 
Velata, {Montf.) 64 
Velella, 489 ' 
Venericardia, {Lam.) 108 
Venus, the genus. 403 
{Lin.) 115 
chione, 282 
deflorata, 117 
Dione, 116 
dionea, 169 
dysera, 116 
exoleta, 116 
fimbriata, 113 
gigantea, 116 
imbricata, 108 
Islandica, 113 
lapicida, 117 
litterata, 116 
meretrix, 116 
monstrosa, 117 
pectinata, 117 
Pennsylvanica, 1 1 5 
ponderosa, 108 
puerpera, 116 
scripta, 1 16 
scotica, 116 
tigerina, 117 
Veretillum, {Cuv.) 515 
Vermetus, {Adans.) 83 

(Serpula) Adansonii, 281 
Vermiliae, the, 84 
Vertumnus Otto, 475 

thethidicola, 475 
Vibrio, {Milll.) 521 
aceti, 521 
glutinis, 521 
Vigneau, le, 60 
Virgularia, {Lam.) 514 
Vitrina, {Drap.) 30 
Voluta, (Lin.) 34. 71 



MOLLUSC A. 



219 



Voluta jEthiopica, xii. ^2 
auris Jiulae, 36 
auris Midae, 36 
cancellata, 73 
glabella, 73 
mercatoria, 73 
minuta, 36 
musica, ^2 
niusicse, 280 
proper, ^2 

Volvffi, {Montf.) 71 

Volvaria, {Lam.) ^2 
bulloides, 72 
monilis, ^2 

Volvox, 522 

Vorticella, 498 



Vorticella, of Miiller, xii. 579 
racemosa, 580 
tetrapetala, 520 

Vulsella, (Lam.) 98 



Worm, the ship, 410 
.Worms, the intestinal, 437 
the molluscous, 152 
testaceous, 152 



Zoanthus, (Cuv.) 495 
Zoomorphoses of Guettard, 14G 
Zoophytes, the, 435 

supplement on the, 523 



Ff 2 



ARTICULATA. 



VOL. XIII. 



Abranclaa, the, xiii. 28. 112 
asetigera, 7G 
distinction of, ^ 
setigerous, 28 
without setae, 31 

Acanthonyx, {Latr.) 165 

Acarides, the, 502. 529 
proper, 503 

Acarus, (Fab.) 505 
(Lin.) 502 
the genus, 529 
autumnalis, 508 
domesticus, 529 
exulcerans, 532 
farinse, 531 
hairs of the, 530 
longicornis, 505. 518 
marginatus, 502 
passerinus, 533 
proper, (Lot.) 529 
reduvius, 507 
ricinus, 507 
telarius, 504 
testudinarius, 502 

Achseus, (Leach) 171 
Cranchii, 171 

Alciopa Renaudii, 22 

Aclysia, (Aud.) 509 
dytisci, 509 

Acoetes, (Aud. Sf Edw.) 27 
Pleei, 27 

Actinea, the, 11 

Admetus, (Herbst.) 149 

iEga, 218 

iEglea, (Leach) 184 

iEthra, (Leach) 173 
depressa, 173 

Aglaura, (Sav.) 20 

Aglaura fulgida, 20 



Agonata, of Fabricius, xiii. 227 
Agnostus, (Brogn.) 380 

heteromorphous genus of, 379 
Agrab, (a scorpion) 491 
Albiona, (Sav.) 34 

verrucosa, 34 
Albunea, (Fab.) 178 
Alciopa, (Aud. Sf Edw.) 22 
Alima, (Leach) 201 

hyalina, 201 
Alpheus, (Fab.) 192 

elegans, 192 

Malabaricus, 192 

sivado, 194 

thyrenus, 192 
Amphictenae, (Sav.) 14 
Amphinome, the, 93 

(Brug.) 18 

chevelue, 18 
Amphipoda, 204 

order of, 315 
Ampithoe, (Leach) 209 
Amphitrite, (Ctiv.) 14 

auricoma, 14 

auricoma Belgica, 14 

auricoma Capensis, 15 

cristata, 13 

doree, 15 

infundibulum, 12 

nereis, to wliat belongs, 43 

ostrearia, 15 

pectinaria, 88 

penicillus, 10 

plumosa, 15 

proboscidea, 10 

reniformis, 12 

ventricosa, 13 

vesiculosa, 12 

volutacornis, 12 



ooo 



INDEX. 



Amphitritea chetopoda heteiocrisinaj 

xiii. 9 
Amphitrites, skin of the, 86 
Amymone, {Midler) 332 
AnccEus, head of the, 236 
Anceus, {Riss.) 212 

forficularis, 212 
Animal-flower, the, 11 
Annelida, the, 3. 6. 

the setigerous, 41 

supplement to the, 37 
Aunelides, when first named, 48 
Anomala, 177 
Anthosoma, {Leach) 374 

Smithii, 374 
Anthura, {Leach) 222 

antennas of, 219 
Antonomea, {Risso) 193 

Olivii, 193 
Aphrodita, {Lin.) 25 

aculeata, 26. 76 

cirrhosa, 26 

clava, 27 

hystrix, 2G 

lepidota, 26 

plana, 27 

punctata, 26 

squamata, 6. 26 
Aphrodites, of Pallas, 18 

blood of the, 6 
Aphrodite aculeata, 67 

carunculata, 18 
Apoda, {Blain.) 76 
Apseudes, {Leach) 211 
Apus, (Scop.) 355 

annulated body of, 238 

canciformis, 359 

Montagui, 359 

vert, 359 
Aquatic-fleas, what called, 270 
Arachneida, egg of the, 2 
Arachnida, the, 4. 131 

abdomen of the, 439 

body of the spinning, 440 

feet of the, 442 

organs of manducation of, 441 

supplement to the, 438 

supplement on the trachean, 
510 

web of the, 447 
Arachnides, the, 383 

the pulmonary, 385 

the trachean, 385. 495 
Araignee a bandes blanches, 432 

a chevrons, 432 

domestique a longue^ paltes, 412 

mafonne. 399 

mineuse, 399 
Araisnees-crabes, 398 



Aranea, {Lin.) xiii. 387 
aquatica, 410 
avicularia, 397 
avicularia, bite of, 554 
cancer, 448 
cementaria, 464 
cicatrosa, 416 
citrea, 424 
conica, 417 
cucurbitina, 417 
diadema, 416 
esuriens, 415 
Florentina, 408 
formicaria, 432 
globosa, 424 
impressa, 416 
irregularis, 424 
labyrinthica, 468 
levipes, 422 
mactans, 411 
picea, 401 
saccata, 428 
sanguinolenta, 431 
Sauvagesii, 400, 461 
scalaris, 416 
scenica, 432. 485 
senoculata, 417 
smaragdula, 419 
tarantula, 428 
tredecim guttata, 411 
viridissmia, 419 

Araneides, 387 

bite of the, 394 
body of the, 452 
diving bell of the, 469 
the wandering, 449 
the young, 451 

Araneus amentatus, 428 
margaritarius, 422 

Arborescent aquatic flea, 338 

Arcania, {Leach) 162 

Arctnrus, {Latr.) 223 

tuberculatus, 223 

Arcuata, 151 

Arenicola, 91 

{Lam.) 17 
clavata, 18 
gills of the, 92 
oesophagus of the, 93 
piscatorum, 17 
what called, 41 

Argas, {Lat.) 507 

perricus, 507 

Argule foliacee. 370 

Argulus, {MilUer) S66 
Charon, 369, 370 
delphinus, 370 
foliaceus, 365 

Argyroneta, {Lat.) -ilO 



AIITICULATA. 



223 



Argyroneta, the genus, xiii. 468 

aquatica, 468 
Aricia, {Sav.) 24 

Cuvierii, 24 
Aristenia, (Sav.) 18 
Armadillo, 225 
Artemia, (Leach) 350 

salina, 350 
Articulated animals, the, 1 
Asaphus, (Brogn.) 381 

of Brogniart, 381 
Aselle d'eau douce, 223 
Asellota, (Lat.) 223 
Asellus, (Geof.) 223 
Aspidiphora, (Latr.) 355 
Astaci, colour of the, 298 

eggs of the, 297 

fishing for, 303 

food of the, 302 

the fresh water, 301 

ganglia in the, 244 

liver of, 256 

reproduction of parts in the, 299 
Astacini, (Latr.) 183. 185 

mandibles of the, 234 
Astacus, 177 

(Fab.) 188 

the genus, 296 

marinus, 176 

eyes of, 246 

organization of, 230 
Atelecyclus, 152 
Athanas, (Leach) 194 

nitescens, 194 
Athax, (Fah.) 507 
Atoma, (Latr.) 509 
Atte fourmi, 432 
Attus, (Wa/e/v.) 431 
Atya, (Leach) 190 

scabra, 190 
Atylus, (Leach) 209 

carinatus, 209 
Atypus, (Latr.) 401 

Sulzeri, 401 

rufipes, 402 
Aulastoma, (Mog. Tun.) 33 

nigrescens, 33 
Axius, (Leach) 187 

stirhynchus, 18? 



Bdella, (Lair.) 505- 

(Sav.) 33 

Nilotica, 33 
Binocle k queue en filet, 359 

ft queue en phniiet, 373 
Binoculus, (Geoff.) 325. 355 
Bipettata, 202 
Birgus, (Leach) 180 



Bopyrus, (Latr.) xiii. 216 

crangorum, 216 

cymothoe, 319 
Branchellion, 34 

torpedinis, 35 
Branchiarius quadrangulatus, 27 
Branchiobdella, (Blain.) 34 

(Odier) 33 

astaci, 33 
Branchiobdellion, (Rud.) 34 
Branchiopoda, the, 324 

what called, 241 
Branchipe des marais, 352. 354 
Branchipes, annulated body of, 238 
Branchipus, (Lat.) 350 

stagnalis, 354 
Buthus, (Leach) 436 

occitanus, 437 
Bychorco, of the Calmucs, 514 



Caenobita, (Latr.) 180 
Calanus, (Leach) 333 
Calappa, (Fah.) 173 

fornicata, 173 

granulata, 173 
Caligides, (Lat.)Mb 
Caligus, (Miill.) 371 

curtus, 372 

elongatus, 372 

imbricatus, 374 

MuUeri, 372 

piscinus, 372 - 

productus, 374 

proper, 372 

risculus, 372 
Callianassa, (T^each) 187 

subterranea, 187 
Calymene, (Brogn.) 380 
Campecopea, (Leach) 221 
Camposcia 167 

Cancelli, what called, 180. 304 
Cancer, the, 147. 285 

(Fab.) 151 

of Linnaeus, 137 

angulatus, 156 

araneus, 168 

arctus, 183 

articulosus, 210 

asper, 164 

astacus, 189 

Bernhardus, 181 

bimaculatus, 148 

cervicornis, 1.67 

corallinus, 152 

corrugatus, 150 

cristatus, 167 

cursor, 158 

cymodoce, 155 



224 



INDEX. 



Cancer dentatus, xiii. 151 

dodecos, 171 

dormia, 175 

dromia, 175. 290. 

fluviatilis, 155 

gammarus, 1 89 

grossimaniis, 209 

spinosus, 210 

germanus, 327 

granulatus, 173 

grassipes, 21 1 

hexapus, 185 

homaius, 304 

lanatus, 174 

latipes, 147. 150 

latro, 180 

macrouii, 287 

maculatus, 152 

maenas, 150. 273. 280 

maia, 172 

mantis, 200 

niarinus, 304 

monoculoides. 200 

Norvegicus, 188 

organization of, 230 

pagurus, 151, 152. 273 

palmatus, 209 

pedatus, 214 

platycliiles, 185 

puber, 150. 273 

pulex, 209 

rhomboides, 156 

rubricatus, 210 

ruricola, 160. 294 

salinus, 350 

setiferus, 190 

spinifrons, 154 

squinado, 166 

supei-ciliosus, 168 

symnista, 178 

uca, 159 

what called, 275 
Canolira, (Leach) 218 
Caprella, {Lamarck) 214 
Carcinoida, (Lafr.) 325 
Carcinion, what called, 180. 304 
Carcinos potamios, 278 
C'arcins of Dr. Leach, 276 
Cardisoma, {Latr.) 159 
Carides, 189 
Caris, {Lat.) 508 
Carpilius, {Leach) 152 
Cecrops, de Latreille, 375 

{Leach) 375 
Cephalothorax, {Lat.) 372 
Cerapus, {Say) 210 

tubularis, 210 
Ceriques, the, 288 
Cheliceres, {Lat.) 360 



Chelifer, {Geoff.) xiii. 497 

feet of the, 520 

the genus, 518 

cancroides, 518 
Cheliferi, body of the, 519 
Chetopoda, the, 41 

arrangement of the, 49 

body of the, 53 

colour of the, 58 

difterence in the rings of, 57 

digestive apparatus of, 63 

distinction of the, 50 

food of the, 74 

gill of the, 55 

internal organization of the, 60 

intestinal canal of the, 59 

rings of the, 54 

liver of the, 66 

mastication of the, 65 

nervous system of the, 71 

observations on the, 47 

organization of the, 52 

setffi of the, 56 

where placed, 51 
Chetopods tubicolous, 73 
Cheyletus, {Lat.) 504 
Chilodorus, {Leach) 347 
Chirocephale diaphane, 351, 352. 354. 
Chirocephalus, {Jurine) 350 
Chloeia, {Sav.) 18 
Chaetopterus, {Cuv.) 27 

Pergamentaceus, 28 
Chorinus, {Leach) 166 
Chrysodontes, {AkeJi.) 14 
Cilicaa, {Leach) 221 

Latreillii, 221 
Cire apoa, 278, 288 
Cirolana, {Leach) 219 
Cirrhatulus {Lam.) 25 

Lamarckii, 25 
Cirrhinere filigere, 25 
Cistenae {Leach) 14 
Citigrades, the, 425 
Cladocera, {Cuv.) 337 

{Lat.) 326 
Clepsina, {Sav.) 35 

paludosa, 35 
CHtellio, {Sav.) 29 • 
Cloportes, 318 
Cloportides, {Latr.) 318 
Clorodius of Dr. Leach, the, 151 
Clotho, {JValck.) 404 

Durandii, 405 
Clubiona, {Lat.) 409 
Glymena, {Sav.) 31 

amphistoma, 31 

Ebiensis, 31 
lumbricalis, 31 
Condylura, (Lat.) 328 



ARTICULATA. 



99ri 



Condylure de Dovbigny, xiii. 3'28 
Conilira, {Leach) 218 
Contractiles, {Calymeiui) 381 
Coronis, {Latr.) 201 
Corophium, {Latr.) 211 

the subgenus, 317 

longicorne, 317 
Corystes, {Latr.) 161 
Crab, the, 147 

of our coasts, common, 150 

the Molucca, 361 

what called, 275 
Crab-spiders, bite of the, 394 
Crabes boursieres, 292 

de paletuviers, 294 
Crabs, courage of, 271 

the earth, 283 

the land, 158.271.288 

the painted, 289 

pouched, 292 

properly so called, t!ie, 151 

the violet, 288. 291 

the white, 288, 289, 290 
Crangon, 313 

{Fah.) 191 

vulgaris, 191 
Craw-fish, 177 
Crustacea, the, 3. 131 

division of tlie, 137 

egg of the, 2 

eyes of the, 232 

food of the, 272 

generation of, 262 

gills of the, 259 

hearing of the, 248 

heart of the, 257 

local habitations of, 26S 

modes of motion of, 269 

moulting of the, 252 

muscles of the, 242 

nervous system of the, 134 

nutrition of the, 253 

products of generation of, 2G5 

reproduction of lost members of, 
266 

respiration of the, 258 

sense of smell in, 249 

sense of taste in, 250 

skin of the, 251 

stomach of the, 254 

supplement on the, 226 
Cryptopoda, 172 
Cryptopus {Latr.) 195 

Defrancii, 195 
Ctenus, ( IValc/c.) 426 
Cyamus, {Latr.) 214 

proper, {LaU.) 215 
Cyclops, (il///7/.) 329 

castor, 333 

Cuv. Index. 



Cyclops exiliens, xiii. 328 

quadricornis, 333 

staphylinus, 332 
Cymodocea, {Leach) 221 
Cymothoa, {Fah.) 217 

oestrum, 217 

paradoxa, 217 
Cymothoada, {Lat.) 216 
Cynorassthes, {Herman) 506 
Cynorhaestes pictus, 507 
Cypris, {MUll.) 334 

carapace of, 237 

strigata, 335 
Cytherea, {MUll.) 334 
Cytherina, {Lam.) 334 

Dactylocera, 206 
Daphnia, {MUll.) 340 

cristallina, 338 

gigas, 349 

longispina, 347 

magna, 345 

pulex, 345, 346, 347 

setifera, 338 

sima, 340. 347 
Daphnides, {Straus) 326. 337 
Daphnis, carapace of, 237 
Decapoda, 140 

in general, 139 
Decapods, brachyurous, 140 

circulation of the, 141 

the macrourous, 17G 
Decempedes, {Latr.) 211 
Dentalium, 16 

aprinum, 17 

arcuatum, 17 

dentalis, 17 

elephantinum, 16 

entalis, 17 

fasciatum Martini, 17 

habits of the, 91 

rectum, 17 

sexangulum, 17 

striatulum, 17 
Dexamine, {Leach) 210 
Dichelestium, {Hermann) {Son.) 375 

sturionis, 376 
Dinemoura, {Lat.) 373 
Diplotes hyalina, 27 
Doclaea, {Leach) 168 

Rissonii, 169 
Dolomedes, {Latr.) 426 
Dorippe, {Fab.) 174 

lanata, 174 
Dorsibranchia, 17- 91 

distinction of, 7 
Drassus, {Walck.) 406 

lucifugus, 408 

relucens, 408 

Gg 



226 



INDEX. 



Drassus segestriformis, xiii. 407 

viridissinius, 407 
Dromia (Fab.) 175 

Indica, 296 
Diomiae, the, 296 
Dynamene, (Leach) 221 
Dynomene, (Latr.) 175 

hispida, 175 
Dysdera, (Latr.) 402 

erythrina, 411 

EhaWa, {Leach) 162 
Egeon, (Risso) 191 
Egeria, {Leach) 168 

Indica, 169 
Elmins of Hippocrates, 39 
Emerita, {Gronov.) 178 
Euterion, {Sav.) 29 
Entomolithus paradoxus, 378 
Entomostraca, the, {Miill.) 320 

antennae of tlie, 322 

characters of, 137 
Entomostracites, what called, 380 
Entomozoa apoda, 7 

chetopoda, 7 

what called, 95 
Entomozoaria, what called, 95 
EpeVra, {Walclt.) Alb 

apolisca, 476 

cicatrosa, 416. 475 

conica, 417 

curcubitina, 415. 417 

diadema, 390. 416 

diadema, cocoon of the, 444 

diadema, web of the, 448 

fasciata, 417 

fusca, 417 

scalaris, 416 

sericea, 388. 416 
Epeirse, the, 474 
Epeire de 1' Opuntia, 418 
Epibdella, {Blain.) 35 
Epicarides, {Lai.) 216 
Episinus, {Walck.) 411 
Eresiis, {JValck.) 431 
Ericthus, (Latr.) 201 

vitreus, 201 
Eriodon, {Latr.) 402 

occatorius, 402 
Eriphia, {Latr.) 154 
Erpobdellse, {Blain.) 33 
Eryon, {Besm ) 188 

Cuvierii, 188 
Erythrseus, {Lain.) 503 
Esox belone, 372 
Eteone, {Sav.) 19. 22 
Etreilles, {Cuvier) 276 
Eulalia, {Sav.) 21 
Eulai, what named, 38 



Eulimene, xiii. 354 

blanchatre, 355 
Eumolpe, (OAtw 26 

maxima, 27 
Eunice, {Cuv.) 19 

the genus. 111 

gigantea, 19 

harassii, 19 
Eunomia, {Risso) 21 
Eupheus, {Risso) 211 

ligioides, 21 1 
Euphrosyne, {Sav.) 18 

laureata, 18 

mirtosa, 18 
Eurydice, 219 
Eurynoma, {Leach) 164 
Exochnata, {Fab.) 176 
Extensiles, (Asaphus, Ogvgia, Para- 

doxides,) 381 
Eylais, {Lat.) 508 



Filiforma, (Latr.) 214 
Filistata, (Lair.) 403 
Fish-lice, 371 

Flea, arborescent aquatic, 338 
Fly, St. John's, 473 



Galathadeae, (Leach) 183 
Galathea, (Fab.) 184 

gregaria, 184 

rugosa, 184 
Galeodes, the genus, 510 

(Oliv.) 496 

Arabs, 516 

araneoides, 51 1. 517 

bite of the, 515 

body of the, 511 

dorsalis, 517 

feet of the, 513 

jaws of the, 512 

melanus, 516 

phalangium, 516 

setifera, 517 
Gargonali, (a scorpion,) 491 
Gamasus, (Latr.) 504 
Gammarinae, (Latr.) 207 
Gammarus, the genus, 315 

(Fab.) 205 

eyes of, 247 

padatus, 214 

proper, (Lair.) 209 

salinus, 350 
Gebia, (Leach) 186 

stellata, 186 
Gecarcini, the, 288 
Gecarcinus, (Latr.) 160 

pictus, 289 



ARTICULATA. 



227 



Gelasimus, (Lat.) xiii. 157 

the genus, 281 
Gelasima maracoani, 282 
Gelasimus pugillator, 282 

vocans, 282 
Geo-bdella, {Blain.) 33 

trochetii, 33 
Glosso-bdella, (Blain.) 35 
Glossopera, (John's) 35 
Glycera, {Sav.) 23 

Meckelii, 23 
Gnathia, [Leach) 212 
Gnathophyllum, (Latr.) 192 
Gomeza, new genus of, 296 

bicornis, 296 
Gonodactylus, (Latr.) 200 
Gonoleptes, (Kirby) 501 
Gonoplax, {Leach) 156 
Gordius, 35 

aquaticus, 36 
Grancio, of the Italians, 278 
Granzo, of the Italians, 279 
Grapsi, the, 294 
Grapsus, {Lam.) 160 

cinereus, 295 

pictus, 289. 294. 458 

varius, 160. 295 
Grimotea, {Leach.) 184 



Haemocharis, {Sav.) 34 
Hsemopsis, {Sav.) 32 

sanguisorba, 32 
Halithese, {Sav.) 26 
Helluo, {Oken.) 33 
Hermits, what called, 305 
Hesione, 24 

festiva, 24 

pantherina, 24 

splendida, 24 
Hepatus, {Lat.) 153 

fasciatus, 154 
Heteiopa, 211 
Hippa, {Fab.) 178 

adactyla, 179 
Hippeus, what called, 283 
Hippides, {Latr.) 178 
Hyppolyte, {Leach) 193 
Hipponoe, {And. 4" Ediv.) 19 

Gaudichaudii, 19 
Hirudo, {Lin.) 31 

branchiata, 27. 35 

complanata, 35 

grossa, 35 

hippoglossi, 35 

hyalina, 35 

medicinalis, 32 

medicinal utility of, 120 



Hirudo muricata, xiii. 34 
octoculata, 33 
piscium, 34 
sanguisuga, 32 
sexoculata, 35 
trioculata, 35 
vittata, 34 
vulgaris, 33 
Holetra, 526 

{Hermann) 500 
Homola, {Leach) 174 
spinifrons, 174 
Homard, 304 
Hyas, {Leach) 168 
Hydrachna, {Lat.) 508 

{Mull.) 507 
Hydrachnellas, 507 
Hymenocera, [Latr.) 192 
Hymenosoma, {Leach) I70 

orbicularia, I70 
Hyperia, {Latr.) 206 
Hypobdella, {Blain.) 32 
Hypogaeon, {Sav.) 30 
hirtum, 30 



Ibacus, {Leach) 183 

Peronii, 183 
Icthyobdella, {L,amarck) 34 
Icthyophilus, {Latr.) 217 
Idotea, {Fab.) 222 

aquatica, 223 
Idotei'des, {Leach) 222 
Ilia, {Leach) 162 

nucleus, 162 
Inachus, {Fab.) I70 

cornutus, 166 

Dorsettensis, I7I 

Sagittarius, I7I 
Inequiteles, 410 
Infusoria, what named, 46 
Insects, the, 4. 131 
Intestinal worms, what named, 39 
lone, 207 
Iphis, {Leach) 162 
Isopod, the order, 318 
Isopoda, 215 
Ixa, {Leach) 162 
Ixodes, {Latr.) 506 

ricinus, 507 

reflexus, 507 

reticulatus, 507 



Jaera, {Leach) 224 

albifrons, 224 

Janira, {Leach) 223 
maculosa, 223 

Jassa, {Leach) 211 
Gg2 



228 



INDEX. 



Jassa pulchella, xiii. 211 
Jatrobdella, {Bhiin.) 32 



Kabutogani, of the Japanese, 364 
Kalimus, {Lair.) 1(!8 
Karis, what named, 313 
Kleistagnatha, {Fab.) 14G 



Labinia emarginata, 169 
Laemodipoda, 213 

the order, 318 
Lambrus, {Leach) 104 
Land-crabs, the, 271 
Larunda, {Leach) 215 
Latona, 338 
Leech, the, 31 

food of the, 129 
nervous system of the, 128 
sexual organs of the, 127 
the stomach of the, 125 
the horse, 32 
the black, 33 
the body of a, 121 
venous system of the, 126 
Leeches, apparatus of digestion of, 124 
apparatus of locomotion of, 123 
the envelope of the, 122 
residence of, 130 
Leodice, {M. de Blain.) 19 
attennuata, 19 
Gallica, 19 
Hispanica, 19 
Lepidia, {Sav.) 21 
Lepidurus, {Leach) 35<> 
Leptomera, {Lat.) 214 
Leptopodia, {Leach) 171 
Leptopus, {Lam.) 169 
Leptus, {Lat.) 508 

the subgenus, 529 
autumnalis, 508 
Lernffi'iformes, {Lat.) 375 
Leucosia, {Fab.) 161 
{Leach) 162 
cylindrus, 162 
Leucothoe, {Leach) 210 
Libinia, {Leach) 168, 169 

canaliculata, 169 
Ligia, {Fab.) 224 
Limnadia, {Adolph. Brgii.) 348 

Herniani, 349 
Limnatis, (71/. Moquin-TaMdon) 33 
Limnochares, {Lat.) 508 
Limnoria, {Leach) 219 

terebrans, 219 
Limulse, segmentary division of, 231 
blanc, 365 
des Moluques, 365 



Limiihis, serricaude, 359 
{Fab.) xiii. 361 
{iMiill.) 355 
Cyclops, 363, 364 
heterodactylus, 364 
palustris, 359 
Polyphemus, 365 
Sowerbii, 364 
tridentatus, 365 
Lingyphia, {Ijatr.) 413 
triangularis, 473 
Lissa, {Leach) 165 
Lithodes, {Latr.) 172 
Lobster, the, 177- 304 
Lobsters, gigantic, 310 
Locusta, why named, 182 
Lombrinere brillant, 23 
Lophyropa, the, 324, 325. 337 
Louvette, 506 
Lucanus cervus, 236. 354 
Lumbrici, 37 

circulatory apparatus of, 115 
dorsal vessel of the, 69 
general envelope of the, 114 
little utility of the, 118 
mouth of the, 64 
nervous system of the, 116 
organization of the, 113 
Lumbricus, the genus, 112 
proper, {Cuv.) 28 
armiger, 24 
cirrhatus, 25 
fragilis, 23 
lineatus, 30 
marinus, 17. 41. 91 
minutus, 29 
to what restricted, 39 
sabellaris, 31 
squamatus, 23 
terrestris, 29. 41 
tubicola, 30 
tubifex, 30 
Lumbrinera, {Blain.) 23 
Lupa, of Dr. Leach, 149 
Lycastis, {Sav.) 23 
Lycoris, {Sav.) 20 
Egyptia, 21 
nuntia, 21 
Lycosa, {Latr.) 427 

allodroma, 480 
amentata, 481 
fabrilis, 428 
littoralis, 481, 482 
perita, 480 
ruricola, 482 

of the South of Franc?, 483 
tarantula, 388. 427, 428. 480 
Lycosse, the, 480 

eggs of the, 393 



ARTICULATA. 



229 



Lycose Narbonnaise, xiii. 428 

ouvridre, 428 
Lyncseus, carapace of, 23/ 
Lynceus, (Mull.) 347 
Lysidice, (Sav.) 20 

Galatina, 20 

Olympia, 20 

Valentina, 20 
Lysmata, (Risso.) 193 

seticauda, 193 



Macrocheles, (Latr.) 502 
Macropa, {Latr.) 185 
Macropodia tenuirostris, 171 

{Leach) 171 
Macrophthalmus, (Leach) 156 
Macrourous decapods, 296 
Mara, {Leach) 209 
Maia, the, 295 

{Leach) 166 

longipes, 170 

retuja, 167 

squinado, 163. 273 

taurus, 166 
Malacobdellae, (Blain.) 35 
Malacostraca, characters of, 137 

the natural division of, 138 

with sessile eyes, the, 202 

what called, 228 
Marmagnato, (spider) 472 
Marmignatto, (spider) 472 
Marphisae, (Sav.) 19 
Matuta, (Fab.) 147 
Megalope maculata, 312 

sculpta, 312 
Megalopus, (Leach) 185 
Melanogaster, (Cuv.) 408 
Melita, (Leach) 209 
Meria glabra, 165 
Micippus, (Leach) 166 
Micrommata, (Lat.) 419 

argelas, 390 

smaragdina, 477 
Micrommate argelas, 419 

k tarses spongieuses, 420 

smaragdine, 419 
Micropthira, (ImI.) 508 
Miclyris, (Latr.) 158 
Misis, (Latr.) 195 
Missulena, (Walck.) 402 
Mite, the common, 529 
the domestic, 529 

in flour, the, 531 
of the itch, 531 
Mites, 502. 529 
Mithrax, (Leach) 165 

spinicinctus, 165 
Monoculus, 215 



Monoculus of Linnaeus, xiii. 137- 320. 
325 

apus, 359 

foliaceus, 370 

gyrini, 371 

pediculus, 339 

piscinas, 372 

Polyphemus, 325. 365 

pulex, 347 

quadricornis, 333 

Salmoneus, 374 

taurus, 327 
Monolepis, (M. Say) 185 
Muleion, (Latr.) 195 

Lesueurii, 195 
Mygale, 395 

the genus, 556 

ariana, 466 

avicularia, 397. 459, 460 

avicularia, abode of, 462 

csementaria, 399. 463 

calpeiana, 398 

cancerides, 458 

cardense, 400 

carminans, 399. 463 

dwelling of the, 465 

eggs of the, 462 

fasciata, 398 

fodiens, 400 

the mason, 462 

nidulans, 400 

nipples of the, 443 

poison of the, 461 — 

recluse, 462 

Sauvagesii, 400 

Valentina, 398 

proper, ( Walck.) 396 
Myriana, (Sav.) 27 
Myrmecia, (Lat.) 429 

fulva, 429 
Mysis Fabricii, 195 



Nsesa, (Leach) 221 

bidentata, 221 
Naides, the, 119 
Nai's, (Lin.) 30 
caeca, 30 
digitata, 30 
elinguis, 30 
littoralis, 30 
proboscidea, 30 
Rathke, 22 
serpentina, 30 
tubifex, 31 
vermicularis, 30 
Nauplius, (Miill.) 332 
Naupredia, (Latr.) 241 
Naxia, (Leach) 165 



230 



INDEX. 



Nayades, (JValck.) xiii. 409 
Nebalia, 195 

(Leach) 327 

Herbstii, 328 
Nebalie ventrue, (Risso.) 328 
Nelocira, (Leach) 219 
Nephelis, (Sav.) 33 

atomaria, 33 
Neplirops, (Leach) 188 
Nephthys, (Cuv.) 23 

Hombergii, 23 
Nereides, abdominal appendages of the, 
101 

body of the, 97 

circulation of the, 107 

dorsal muscular bands of, 62 

external parts of the, 90 

eyes of the, 102 

food of the, 110 

habitation of the, 109 

rings of the, 98 

locomotive apparatus of the, 103 

mouth of the, 104 

proboscis of the, 99 

teeth of the, 100 
Nereiphylla, (Blain.) 21 
Nereiphylle de Pareto, 21 
Nereis of Linnaeus, 94 

alba, 23 

aphrodisoides, 27 

armillaris, 22 

Beaucoudraisii, 21 

bifrons, 24 

caeca, 27 

conchilega, 82 

crassa, 19 

cuprea, 19 

ebranchiata, 23 

fimbriata, 20 

flava, 22 

gigas, G8. 105. 106 

incisa, 21 

lamellifera Atlantica, 21 

longa, 22. 27 

lumbricoides, 91 

noctiluca, 72 

Norwegica, 19 

pelagica, 20. 108 

pinnata, 19. 105 

pinnigera, 21 

prismatica, 24 

proper, (Cuv.) 20 

pulsatoria, 21 

sanguinea, 19 

stellifera, 21 

tubicola, 19 

verrucosa, 21 

versicolor, 20 

viridis, 21 



Nerocila Livoneca, xiii. 217 
Nhamdu, 557 

Nhamdu-guaju, (great spider,) 457 
Nicothoe, (4ud. ^ Edw.) 328. 376 

astaci, 377 
Nika, (Risso.) 191 

edulis, 192 
Nogaus, (Leach) 373 
Notaspis, (Herm.) 504 
Notopoda, 173 
Nursia, (Leach) 162 
Nymphon, (Fab.) 499 

the genus, 524 



Obisium, (Illig.) 497. 519 
Ocypete, (Lat.) 509 
Ocypode, (Fab.) 157 

the genus, 283 

alba, 283 

ceratophthalma, 284 

rhombea, 158 

cursor, 284 

hippeus, 284 
CEnone lucida, 20 
Ogygia, (Brogn.) 381 
Oletere atype, 401 
Oletra, (Walck.) 401 
Olencira, (Leach) 218 
Oniscides, (Lat.) 224.318 
Oniscoda, (Latr.) 223 
Oniscus, 216. 318 

of Linnaeus, 137 

arenarius, 211 

armadillo, 225 

asellus, 225 

caeruleatus, 212 

ceti, 215 

the two cords in, 245 

entomon, 222 

eyes of, 247 

gammarellus, 208 

locusta, 208 

lutosus, 373 

murarius, 225 

Oceanicus, 224 

proper, (Lin.) 225 

sylvestris, 225 

thoraicus, 207 
Ophelina, (Sav.) 24 
Orbiculata, 160 
Orbiteles, 412 
Orchestia, (Leach) 208 
Oribata, (Lat.) 504 
Orithyia, (Fab.) 148 

maniillaris, 148 
Ostracoda, (Cuv.) 333 

(Latr.) 326 
Ostrapoda, (Straus.) 326. 333 



ARTICULATA. 



231 



Ovalia, (Lat.) xiii. 214 
Oxyopes, {Lat.) 425 
Ozolus gasterostei, 371 



Pactolus, {Leach) 172 

Boscii, 172 

feet of, 239 
Psecilopoda, 359 
Paguri, eggs of the, 309 

ganglia of the, 142 

residence of the, 307 

tail of the, 238 
Pagurini, {Latr.) 179 
Pagurus, the genus, 304 

{Fah.) 180 

clypeatus, 181 

latro, 310 
Palsemon, 313 

{Fah.) 193 

diversimana, 193 

penseus, 273 

serratus, 193 

squilla, 319 

sulcatus, 190 
Palinuri, the, 310 

eyes of the, 246 
Palinurus, {Fah.) 183 

quadricornis, 183 

size of, 275 
Palmyra, {Sav.) 25 

aurifera, 25 
Palpimane bossu, 431 
Palpimanus, {Dufour) 430 
Panalus, {Leach) 193 
Pandalus annulicornis, 193 
Pandarus, {Leach) 373 

bicolor, 373 

Boscii, 373 
Pan-fish, 363 
Paradoxides, {Brogn.) 381 
Parthenope, {Fab.) 164 

fornicata, 173 
Pasiphaea, 194 
Pectinarise, {Lam) 14 
Pedipalpi, the, 432 
Penaeus, the genus, 314 

{Fah.) 190 

monodon, 190 
Pericera, {Latr.) 166 
Pernys, what called, 317 
Perroquet d'eau, 347 
Persephona, {Leach) 162 
Phalangia, legs of the, 528 
Phalangita, {Lat.) 500 
Phalangium, 49?. 501 

the genus, 526 
araneoides, 516 



Phalangium cancroi'des, xiii. 498 
cornutum, 501.527- 529 
opilio, 501 
Pherusa, {M.de Blaiiwille) 15 
{Leach) 210 
fucicola, 210 
Philodrome tigre, 422 
Philodromus, {Walck ) 421 
oblongus, 423 
rhombiferus, 422 
Philoscia, {Latr.) 225 
Pholcus, {Walck.) AU 

phalangioi'des, 412 
phalangista, 412 
Pholque, a queue, 412 
Phoxichili, oviparous feet of, 523 
Phoxichilus, the genus, 522 
{Latr.) 499 

Phalangioi'des, 524 
Phronima, 315 

{Latr.) 205 
Phrosina semilunata, 206 
Phrosine, {Risso) 206 

macrophthalma. 206 
Phrynus, 433 
Phylira, {Leach) 162 
Phylline, {Oke^i.) 35 
Phyllodoce, {Sav.) 21 

maxillosa, 27 
Phyllopa, 325. 347 

what called, 241 
Phyllosoma, {Leach) 202 
Pilumnus, {Leach) 155 
Pince, {Geoff roij) 518 

rouge. La, 505 
Pinna, the, 285 
Pinnipedes, 147 
Pinnophylax, 284 
Pinnoter, 284 
Pinnotheres, {Latr.) 158 
Pinnotheres, the, 284 

of Pliny, 287 
Pirimela, {Leach) 152 

denticulata, 152 
Pisa, {I^each) 165 

aurita, 166 

chiragra, 166 

heros, 166 

xyphias, 166 
Piscicolae, {Blain.) 34 

cephalota, 34 

tessellata, 34 
Plagusia, {Latr.) 160 

depressa, 160 
Platyonichus, 150 
Pleione, {Sav.) 18 

alcyonia, 18 

vagans, 73 
Podocerus, {Leach) 211 



232 



INDEX. 



Portocerus variegatus, xiii. 211 
Podoplitlialmus, {Lam.) 149 
Poecilopoda, the, 321 
Polybius, {Leach) 147 

Henslowii, 148 
Polydonte, (Reni) 27 
Polydoi-ae, the, 22 
Polydoius, (Oken.) 34 
Polygonata, (Fab.) 215 
Polyphemus, {Miill.) 338 

oculus, 339 

of the ponds, 339 
Polynoe (S'av.) 2G 

impatiens, 27 

laevis, 26 

muricata, 27 
Pontobdella, (Leach S^- Bhdn.) 34 

areolata, 34 

spiniilosa, 34 

verrucata, 34 
Pontonia, (Latr.) 192 
Pontophilus, (Leach) 191 
Porcellana, (Lam.) 184 

hirta, 185 

hirsuta, 312 

polita, 312 
Porcellio, (Lat.) 225 
Portuni, the, 147. 276 
Poi-tunus, (Fab.) 149 

bimaculatus, 277 

depurator, 277 

Dufourii, 150 

guttatus, 277 

hastatus, 278 

longipes, 277 

pelagicus, 276 

plicatus, 277 

puber, 277 

Tranquebaiius, 150 
Pou du gasteroste, 371 
Praniza, (Leach) 212 
Prawn, 177 
Prawns, the, 313 
Probosci-plectanas, 10 
Processa, (Leach) 191 
Prophylax, 181 
Proto, (Leach) 214 
Protula Rudolphii, 12 
Pseudobdella, 33 
Pseudo-scorpiones, 495 
Psocus pulsatorius, 521 
Pterygocera, (Lat.) 211 
Pterygopoda, (Latr.) 373 
Pulex aquaticus arborescens, 347 
Pulmonarias, the, 386 
Pycnogona, the, 521 
Pycnogonides, the, 498. 521 
Pycnogonum, (Brim.) 499 

balaenarum, 522 



Qiiadrilatera, xiii. 154 

Ranina, (Lam.) 175 
Raninae, the, 296 
Rectigrades, the, 403 
Red-blooded worms, the, 3 
Reniformes, (Agnostus) 381 
Remipes, (Latr.) 179 

testudinariiis, 179 
Rhyncoprion, (Her^n.) 507 
Riciniee, (Latr.) 505 
Ricinus, 506 
Rocinela, (Leach) 218 
Rouget, what called, 509 

Sabella, (Cuv.) 11 

(Lirm. Sj- Gmel.) 11 

of Linnaeus, 80 

alveolata, 15 

Belgica, 14 

bispiralis, 12 

Capensis, 15 

chrysodon, 15 

grandis, 12 

Jndica, 12. 15 

protula, 12 

unispira, 12 

villosa, 12 
Sabellse astartse, 12 

spirographics, 12 
Saltigrades, 429 
Salticus, the genus, 485 

(Latr.) 431 

formicarius, 432 

grossipes, 487 
Saltique de Sloane, 43J 

chevronne, 432 
Sanguisuga, (Sav.) 32 
Sarcoptes, (Latr.) 505 
Sauce-pan-fish, 363 
Schizopoda, 194 
Scirus, the genus, 518 

(Herm.) 505 

vulgaris, 505 
Scoletoma, (Blain.) 23 
Scolex of Aristotle, 38 
Scolezia of Athenaeus, 38 
Scolopendrae, marine, 41 
Scolopodes, (Blain.) 23 
Scorpio, 434 

the genus, 487 

australis, 491 

caneroides, 498. 519 

cimicoides, 498. 519 

crassicauda, 491 

Europoeus, 437 

occitanus, 436, 437. 489. 492, 
493 



ARTICULATA. 



233 



Scorpio, (proper) xiii. 437 

Tunitanus, 437 
Scorpion, the African, 437 

the aquatic 488 

araignee, 518. 521 

the book, 498 

d' Europe, {Faux) 518 

the European, 436, 437 

des livres, 498 

of Maupertius, 436 

the reddish, 436, 437. 492, 493 

of Souvignargues, 436 
Scorpiones, pseudo, 495 
Scorpions, the gestation of, 494 

of Languedoc, 490 

the winged, 488 
Scyllarus, {Fab.) 182 

{Leach) 183 
Sea-spiders, 163 
Sea-spider, what named, 295 
Sea mantes, what called, 315 
Segestria, {Latr.) 408 
Senelops, {Dufour) 421 

omalosoma, 421 
Serolis, {Leach) 217 
Serpula, {Lin.) 9 

characters of the genus, 78 

contortuplicata, 10 

gigantea, 10. 12 

spirillum, 11 

spirorbis, 11 

vermicularis, 10 
Serpulse cymospirse, 11 

the genus, 76 

manners and habits of the, 70 

spiramellse, 11 
Seta, what called, 42 
Seytodes, {Latr.) 410 

blonde, 411 

thoracica, 411 
Shrimp, 177 
Shrimps, the, 313 
Sida, 338 

Sigalion, {dud. 8f Edw.) 27 
Siphonostoma, 365 
Siphostoma diplochai'tes, 16. 87. 90 

uncinata, 16 
Siphostomae, oesophagus c-f the, 89 
Siro, {Latr.) 501 
Smaridia, 505 
Smerdis, {Leach) 201 
Soldiers, what called, 305 
Solifuga, 497 
Solpuga, {Fab.) 496 

the genus, 510 

ararhno'i'des, 517 

fatalis, 518 
Sparassus, {TValck.) 419 
Sphseroma, {Latr.) xiii. 220 
Cuv. Inde-r. 



SphiEroma dentata, 220 
Sphaeromides, 219 
Sphasus, {Walck.) 425 
Spider, bite from a, 453 

the bush, 459 

il chevrons blancs, the, 429 

the female mason, 399 

the hunting, 460 

the mason, 395. 463 

proper, web of the, 467 

threads of the, 445 
Spiders, the, 387 

combats of, 555 

the crab, 398. 478. 557 

the erratic, 425 

fecundation of the female, 450 

the laterigrade, 418 

long-legged, 526 

proper, the, 409. 466 

the sedentary, 403 

the wolf, 425 
Spio, {Fab.) 22 

filicornis, 22 

seticornis, 22 
Spirographis Spallanzanii, 12 
Spirorbis, {Lam.) 11 

the genus, 80 
Squilla, {Fab.) 199 

eusebia, 201 

lobata, 214 

proper, {Latr.) 200 

scyllarus, 200 

what named, 313 
Squillae, gills of, 260 

liver of, 256 
Stenocionops, {Leach) 167 
Stenopus, {Latr.) 190 
Stenorhynchus, {Lam.) 171 

{Leach) 222 

lineare, 222 
Stomapoda, 196 

in general, 139 

the order of, 315 
Stomapods, what called, 240 
Storena, {Walck.) 424 
Stylaria, {Lamarck) 30 
Swimmers, the, 147 
Syllis, {Sav.) 22 

monilaris, 22 
Synodus, {Latr.) 219 
Syphostoma, {Otto) 16 



Tachypleus, ( Leach) 364 
Talitri, the, 316 
Talitrus,(Ln/?-.)208 
Tnrantula, the, 427 

bite of the, 433 
II h 



234 



INDEX. 



Tarantula, (Fubr.) xiii. 433 
Terebella, {Cuv.) 12 
bicornis, 10 
carunculata, 18 
chrbata, 13 
complanata, 18 
conchilega, 13. 82 
constrictor, 13 
description of, 81 
flava, 18 
gigantea, 13 
intestinal canal of, 84 
Medusae, 13 
nebulosa, 13 
reniformis, 12 
rostrata, 18 
rubra, 20 
stellata, 11 
tentaculata, 25 
tube of the, 85 
variabilis, 13 
venusta, 13 
Terebella, of Gm. 18 
Idaliae, 13 

organization of the, 83 
phyzellae, 13 
the ovary of the, 70 
Tessarops, {Rafincsque) 430 
Tetragnatha, 497 

{Latr.) 414 
Thalassina, (iair.) 186 

scorpionides, 186 
Thelphusa, {Latr.) 155 
the genus, 278 
fluviatilis, 279 
Thelyphonus, {Latr.) 433 
Thenus, {Leach) 183 

Indicus, 183 
Theraphosae, of M. Walcknaer, 396 
Theridion, {WaJck.) 411 
benignum, 471 
tredecim guttatum, 472 
wounds from a, 554 
Thia, (ieac,';) 153 
polita, 153 
Thomisus, the genus, 478 
( Walck") 423 
citratus, 480 
citreus, 424. 479 
cristatus, 424. 478 
globosus, 424 
tigrinus, 478 
Thomisi, threads produced by, 391 
Thomise tigree, 422 
Tics, the, 505 
Tourlourous, 288 

the, 289 
Trachean Arachnides, 495 
Trapezia, {Lair.) 155 



Trigona, xiii. 1C3 
Trilobites, the, 378 
Trochetia, {Dutrochet) 33 
Trogulus, {Latr.) 502 
Trombidia hexapoda, 509 
Trombidium holosericeum, 503 
{Fab.) 503 
tinctorium, 503 
Trophonia, {Aud. 8^- Edw.) 30 

bai-bata, 30 
Tubicolae, 76 
the, 9 

distinction of, 7 
Tubifex, {Lamarck) 31 
Tubipora arenosa, 15 
Tubiteles, the, 404 
Tubularia Faliricia, 12 
magnifica, 12 
penicillus, 12 
Tylos, {Latr.) 224 
Typhis, {Risso) 212 
ovoides, 212 

Uca, {Latr.) 159 

{Leach) 157 
Uloborus, {Latr ) 413 

Walckenarius, 414 
Unipeltata, 199 
Unkia, of the Japanese, 364 
Unogata, {Fab.) 386 
Uroctea, {Bufour) 404 

quinque-maculata, 405 
Uropoda, {Latr.) 504 
Uroptera, {Latr.) 205 

Vermes, division of the class of, 45 

the name of, 37 
Vitalis aquaticus, what called, 42 

Weavers, the, 404 
Wolf-spiders, eggs of the, 393 
Wood-lice, 318 

( Fidg.) 225 
Worm, the common earth, 29 
Worms, division of the class of, 44 

the name of, 37 

the red-blooded, 40 

what called, 38 



Xantho, {Fab.) 
Xirika, 288 
Xyphosura, 360 



152 



Zoea, {Bosc) 327 
Zoe pelagica, 327 
Zuzara, {Leach) 220 



I N S E C T A. 



Abax Corsicus, xiv. 217 

metallicus, xiv. 215 
Abeille-perce-bois, xv. 570 

tapissiere, xv. 573 
Abraeus, (Leach) xiv. 389 
Acanthia, (Fab.) xv. 220. 236 

of what composed, xv. 219 

(Lat.) XV. 220 

clavicornis, xv. 432 
Acanthocerus, (Mad.) xiv. 466 

aeneus, xiv, 466 
Acanthocinus, of Meg. & Dej. xv. 108 
Acanthomera, xiv. 552 

(Wied.) XV. 699 
Acanthopoda, xiv. 409 
Acanthoptera, (Lat.) xv. 103 
Acanthopus, (KUig.) xv. 387 

(Meg.) XV. 13 
Acanthoscelis, description of, xiv. 201 
Acari, attacli themselves to dogs, xiv. 
164 

diseases produced by, xiv. 161 
Acarides, or ticks, xiv. 164 
Acarus, resembles a pediculus, xiv. 
162 

gnopterorum, xv. 564 
Acerous, insects called, xiv. 41 
Acheta, of Fabricius, xv. 192. 196 
Achias, (Fab.) xv. 710 
Acilius, xiv. 247 ' 

Acinopus, description of, xiv. 208 

maculipennis, xiv. 208 

megacephalus, xiv. 208 
Acmaeodera, xiv. 357 
Acoenitus, (Lat.) xv. 362 
Acraea, (Fab.) xv. 586 
Acrida, of Mr. Kirby, xv. 202 
Acridium, of Geoffrey, xv. 202 

of Geoffroy, habits of, xv. 204 
Acrocera, (Meig.) xv. 692 
Acrocinus, (Illig.) xv. 108 



Acrydium, (Geoff.) xv.l76 

armatum, xv. 177 

ccecum of, xv. 180 
Actora, (Meig.) xv. 717 
Aculeata, xv. 370 

Acupalpus, description of, xiv. 210 
Adela, (Lat.) xv. 627 

Degeerella, xv. 627 

Reaumurella, xv. 628 
Adelium, (Fab.) xv. 13 

eupreum, xv. 22 
Adelocera, (Lat.) xiv. 317 
Adelostoma, (Dup.) xiv. 547 
Adephages, description of the, xiv. 172 
Adesmus, xv. 110 
Adolestoma sulcatum, xiv. 548 
Adorium, (Fab.) xv. 141 
JEdes, (Hnff.) XV. 683 
.lEgialia, xiv. 459 

(Latr.) xiv. 460 
jEgithes, of Fab., xv, 155 
jEgocera, xv. 599 
^salus, (Fab.) xiv. 498 

scaraboeoi'des, xiv. 498 
iEschrotes, xiv. 454 
^shna, XV. 296. 312 
^talion, (Latr.) xv. 225 
Agacephala, (Manh.) xiv. 469 
Agaon, (Dalm.) xv. 366 
Agarista, (Leach) xv. 595 
Agarus, (Leach) on what founded, xiv. 

247 
Agathidium, (Illig.) xv. 155 
Agathis, (Lat.) xv. 362 
Aglae caerulea, xv. 576 
Aglaope, (Fab.) xv. 600 
Aglia, XV. 605 
Aglossa, (Lat.) xv. 623 
Agonum, description of, xiv. 223 

rotundatum, xiv. 223 
Agra, description of, xiv. 194 

Hh 2 



236 



INDEX. 



Agrilus, xiv. 3o7 
Agiion, XV. 29fj 
Agriones, xv. 312 
Agyrtes, (Froch.) xiv, 397 

castaneus, xiv. 397 

subniger, xiv. 397 
Akis, (Fab.) xiv. 545, 546. 548 

abbreviata, xiv. 546 

angustata, xiv. 546 

collaris, xiv. 546 

glabra, xiv. 546 

orbiculata, xiv 546 

punctata, xiv. 546 
Aleochara, description of, xiv. 298, 
299 

bipunctata, xiv. 299 

fumata, xiv. 299 

lanuginosa, xiv. 299 

nana, xiv. 299 

nitida, xiv. 299 
Aleyrodes, wings of, xv. 230 
Alomya, (Panz.) xv. 362 
Alpaeus, description of, xiv. 237 
Altica, (Geoff.) xv. 141 

marginella, xv. 142 
Alticse, xv. 153 
Altisse, XV. 36 

proper, xv. 142 
Altitarsus, xv. 142 
Alucita, (Fab.) xv. 627 

(Lat.) XV. 625 
Alurnus, of Fab, xv. 136 
Alydas pellucidus, xv. 241 
Alydus, (Fab.) xv. 218 
Alysia, (Latr.) xv. 363 
Alyson, (Jur.) xv. 378 
Amara, observations upon, xiv. 213 
Amarygmus, {Dalm.) xv. 13 
Amathusia, (Fab.) xv. 590 
Amazons, the neuters of red ants, xiv. 

120 
Amblirhinus, (Sclioen.) xv. 57 
Amblychus, description of, xiv. 226 
Amblyteres, xiv. 476 
Amerhinus, xv. 61 
Ametobolia, what so called, xiv. 7 
Ammobates, (Latr.) xv. 385 
Amniophilus, of Mr. Kirby, xv. 375 
Amphicoma, (Latr.) xiv. 487 

abdominalis, xiv. 488 
Ampulex, (Jur.) xv. 376 
Amycterus, (Schce.) xv. 56 
Amydetes, (Hoffm.) xiv. 333 

apicalis, xiv. 333 
Anacolus sanguineus lugubris, xv. 100 
Anaspis, (Geoff.) xv. 29 
Anax imperator, xv. 304 
Anchomenus, description of, xiv. 223 
Anchonus, (Schoen.) xv. 63 



Ancylochira, xiv. 357 
Ancylorhyncus, (Lat.) xv. 690 
Ancycloscelis, (Latr.) xv. 387 
Andrena, (Lat.) xv. 382 
Andrenes, (Fab.) xv. 381 
Andrenetae, xv. 44 

(Lat.) XV. 381 
Andrenoi'des, xv. 383 
Anelastes Drurii, xiv. 325 

(Kirby,) xiv. 325 
Anelytra, remark of the ancients on, 

XV. 389 
Anisomera, (Meig.) xv. 686 
Anisonyx, xiv. 489 
Anisoplia histrio, xiv. 474 
Aiiisoscelis, xv. 218 
Anisotoma, (Illig.) xv. 4. 155 
Anobia, xv. 89 
Anobium, (Fab.) xiv. 84. 351 

where placed, xv. 379 

larvae of, xv. 90 

minutum, xiv. 352 

paniceum, xiv. 352. 382 

pertinax, xiv. 352 

reticulatum, xv. 92 

striatum, xiv. 351, 352 

tessellatum, xiv. 351 
Anocolus lugubris, xv. 116 

quadripunctatus, XV. 116 
Anomala, (Meg. Bej.) xiv. 484 
Anopheles, xv. 683 
Anoplognathus, (Leach) xiv. 477 
Anoplura, resemble the Parasita, xiv. 

148 
Anotia, (Kirby) xv. 224 
Anthaxia, xiv. 358 
Antherophagus, (Knock) xiv. 402 

antennae of, xiv. 403 
Anthia, where found, xiv. 93. 96 

description of the, xiv. 184, 185 

Burchellii, xiv. 270 
Anthicus, (Fab.) xiv. 385; xv. 30. 123. 
166 

Helwigii, xiv. 386 

minutus, xiv. 386 
Anthidium, (Fab.) xv. 384 
Anthipna, (Escholtz.) xiv. 487 
Anthobii, xiv. 486 
Anthomizides, xv. 7^0 
Anthomyia, (Meig.) xv. 711 
Anthophagus, description of, xiv. 297 
Anthophila, (Lat.) xv. 381, 382 
Anthrax, (Scop.) xv. 694. 753 

marginicollis, xv. 780 
Anthreni, change in food of, xiv. 66 
Anthrenus, (Fab.) (Geoff.) xiv. 406 

elongatus, xiv. 406 

hirtus, xiv. 408 

ruficornis, xiv. 406 



INSECTA. 



237 



Anthrenus versicolor, xiv. 406 
Viennensis, xiv. 406 

Anthribus, xv. 66 

{Fab.) XV. 20. 53 
{Geoff.) XV. 53. 155 

Anthrophora, (Fab.) xv. 384 
{Lat.) XV. 387. 571 

Antichides, xv. 29 

Anteon, {Jur.) xv. 367 

Antlia, {Kirby) xv. 613 

Antliata, {Fab.) xv. 681 

Ant-lion, instinct of, xiv. 104 
larvae of the, xv. 324 
manner of feeding of larvae of 
the, xiv. QQ 

Ant-lions, eyes of, xiv. 45 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 81. 83 

Ants, acid of, xiv. 73 

acid produced by, xiv. 72 
anecdotes of exotic, xv. 487 
anecdote of fire, xv. 487 
architecture of, xv. 506 
ash-coloured, nests of, xv. 451 
attack upon some ash-colouved, 

XV. 491 
attack of the wood, xv. 470 
auxiliaries of the Amazon, xv. 

499 
battle between, xv. 468 
carpenter, xv. 444 
campaign of rufescent, xv. 491 
comparison of, xv. 194 
conjugal aflfection of working, 

XV. 458 
domestic labours of, xv. 507 
domestic life of, xv. 502 
domestic economy of, xv. 459 
turf, emigrations of, xv. 453 
enemies of the, xv. 488 
error respecting the Amazon, 

XV. 501 
the Ethiopian, xv. 446 
experiment upon, xv. 510 
experiment upon yellow, xv. 457- 

465 
family affection of, xv. 464 
fate of the male, xv. 455 
flight of, XV. 454 
fondness for drink of, xiv. 70 
food of, xiv. 68 
food of the Amazon, xv. 498 
the fuliginous, xv. 457 
gymnastic exercise of wood, xv. 

471 
habits of the, xv. 434 
habits of the female, xv. 456 
habits of the mining, xv. 500 
habits of the sugar-cane, xv. 485 
habits of the yellow, xv. 473 



Ants, instinct of, xiv. 67- 104 

instinct of the brown, xv. 464 
larvae of, xv. 448 
proper, larvae of, xv. 450 
lethargic state of, xv. 476 
marvellous account of the Ama- 
zon, XV. 490 
metamorphosis of, xiv. 118 
migration of, xv. 462 
mixt society of, xv. 502 
neuter, xv. 451 

neuters among, xiv. 19. IH. 114 
neuter, live how, xiv. 119 
are omnivorous, xiv. 23 
our limited knowledge of foreign, 

XV. 483 
political economy of, xv. 511 
preservation of the societies, xv. 

509 
prey of, xv. 466 
prophetic of rain, xiv. 33 
ravages of, xv. 484 
recruiting system of, xv. 464 
appearance of reason in, xiv. 

Ill 
of Linnaeus, the red, xv. 443 
riches of the, xv. 474 
societies of, xiv. 120 ; xv. 477 
some called negroes, xv. 504 
size of, xiv. 78. 96 
societies of sanguine, xv. 480 
society of, xiv. 115 
temperature developed by, xiv. 

75 
the visiting, xv. 486 
warlike expedition of, xv. 495 
wars of the, xv. 467 
wars of the Amazon, xv. 483 
wars of the ash-coloured, xv. 482 
(working,) without metamor- 
phosis, xiv. 21 
yellow, XV. 443 

Apalus, {Fab.) xv. 33, 34 

Apanisticus, xiv. 357 

Apate, {Fab.) xv. 84 

Apatomza, ( Wied.) xv. 693 

Aphaena, of M. Guerin, xv. 260 

Aphaneura rufescens, xv. 575 
( Westwood,) XV. 575 

Aphanisticus, xiv. 313 

Aphides, abdomen of, xv. 231 
fluid of the, xv. 472 
food of, XV. 232 
habits of, xv. 267 
viviparous and oviparous, xiv. 33 
without wings, xv. 231 

Aphidii, xv. 227 

family of the, xv. 264 

Aphidiphagi, xv. 158 



238 



IiMDEX. 



Aphidipbagi supplement on tlie, xv. 

160 
Aphidivorous worms, xv. 760 
Apliis, XV. 161 

{Lin.) XV. 227 

populi, XV. 270 

proper, xv. 227 

quercus, xv. 270 

salicis, XV. 271. 2/3 

ulmi, XV. 270 

wings of, XV. 230 
Aphodius, (Fab.) xiv. 460 

(//%.) xlv. 458 

arenarius, xiv. 460 
Apliodus, xiv. 450 
Aphritis, xv. 704 
Apiariae, xv. 385 

(Lai.) XV. 382 

insect on, xv. 42 

subgenera of the, xv. 566 
Apion, XV. 54 

Apiropodes, of M. Savigny, xiv. 25 
Apis, of LinnEBUS, xv. 381 

the genus, xv. 530 

bicornis, xv. 572 

muraria, xv. 571 

proper, (Lat.) xv. 388 

rostrata, xv. 376 

tricornis, xv. 573 

venea, xv. 573 

violaeea, xv. 570 
Apius, {Jur.) XV. 377 
Apoda, XV. 54 
Apogonia, {Kirby) xiv. 477 

genellata, xiv. 477 
Apollo Linnffii, xiv. 86 
Apomecyna, xv. 110 
Aporus, {Spin.) xv. 375 
Apotomus, description of, xiv. 206 

rufus, xiv. 207 

testaceus, xiv. 207 
Apsis, {Germ.) xv. 60 
Aptera, stigmata of, xiv. 4 
Apterogyna, (Lat.) xv. 372 

Ehrenbergii, xv. 515 
Apterous insects, eyes of, xiv. 8 

insects, tarsi of, xiv. 65 

insects, thorax of, xiv. 10 
Aptinus, description of the, xiv. 185 

Balista, xiv. 186 

Pyrenaeus, xiv. 186 
Apus, thoracic feet of the genus, xiv. 9 
Aquatic-flea, xiv. 251 

scorpions, xv. 249 
Arachnida, of M. de Lamarck, xiv. 25 

have no antennae, xiv. 39 
jaws of, xiv. 9 

thorax of, xiv. 10 

vision of, xiv. 8 



Arachnides antennistes, of M. de 

Lamarck, xiv. 25 
Aradi, habits of, xv. 243 
Aradus, of Fab., xv. 218 

antennae of, xv. 220 
Araneida, differ from insects proper, 

xiv. 38 
Aranei'dEB, size of, xiv. 96 
Areopagus, (Leach) xv. 167 
Arctia, (Schr.) xv. 611 
Arenicoli, xiv. 459. 466 
Areodes, (Leach) xiv. 482 
Argos, XV. 593 
Argus, (M. Lamarck) xv. 591 

bleu d', XV. 592 
Argynnis, xv. 583 

(Fab.) XV. 587 
Argyrites (Lair.) xv. 710 
Aristolochus, xv. 413 
Aristus, xiv. 566 

description of, xiv. 206. 274 

bucephalus, xiv. 275 

fulcatus, xiv. 275 
Armideus, of M. Ziegler, xiv. 463 
Arpactus, (Jur.) xv. 378 
Ai-peneures, what called, xv. 579 
Arrhenodes, of Stevens, xv. 55 
Articerus, (Dalm.) xv. 168 
Ascalaphus, xv. 327 

(Fab.) XV. 298 

Barbarus, xv. 328 
Ascia, (Meg.) xv. 704 
Asida, (Lat.) xiv. 555 

grisea, xiv. 555 
Asilus, XV. 758 

the genus, xv. 752 

(Lin.) XV. 690 

proper, xv. 691 

forcipatus, xv. 753 
Asilici; (Lat.) xv. 690 

the division, xv. 752 
Asindulum, xv. 687 
Asiraca, xv. 224 

Aspidiphorus, (Zieg. Dej.) xiv. 403 
Aspistes, XV. 689 
Astata, (Lat.) xv. 377 
Astemma, xv. 219 
Astomella, (Dufour) xv. 692 
Astrapffius, description of, xiv. 290 
Ateuchus, xiv. 451 

of the Egyptians, xiv. 452 

whence derived, xiv. 504 

Bacchus, xiv. 454 

cupreus, xiv. 453 

flagellatus, xiv. 45.3 

Hollandiae, xiv. 454 

Koenigii, xiv. 453 

laticoUis, xiv. 453 

Leei, xiv. 453 



INSECTA. 



239 



Ateuchns miliaris, xiv. 453 
Ateuchus, pilularius, story of an, xiv. 
111. 453 

profanus, xiv. 453 

sacery xiv. 92. 452. 505 

sanctus, xiv. 453 

SchaefFeri, xiv. 454 

semi-punctatus, xiv. 453 

sinuatus, xiv. 453 

sex-punctatus, xiv. 454 

tmolus, xiv. 458 

triangularis, xiv. 454 

variolosus, xiv. 453 

violaceus, xiv. 454 

volvens, xiv. 454 
Athalia, (Leach) xv. 357 
Athericera, xv. 701. 706 
Athericerse, the, xv. 758 
Atherix, (Meig.) xv. 695 
Athryrceus, (Mad.) xiv. 464 
Atlas, of China, xv. 6'05 
Atopa, (Fab.) xiv. 327 

cervina, xiv. 3^7 
Atractocerus, (Palis.) xiv. 352 

necydaloides, xiv. 352 
Atta, (^Fab.) xv. 372 

cephalotes, xv. 486 
Attacus, XV. 602 
Attagenus, {Lat.) xiv. 405 

serra, xiv. 406 
Attelabus, xiv. 374 ; xv. 66, 67 

(de G.) XV. 99 

(Lin.) XV. 99 

of Lin. and of Fab., xv. 54 

apiarius, xiv. 346 

formicarius, xiv. 345 

mollis, xiv. 345 

Pennsylvanicus, xiv. 1 89 
Atychia, (Hoff.) xv. 600 
Auchenia, (TImnb.) xv. 124 
Aulacus, (jur.) xv. 360 
Auletes, (SchcenJi.) xv. 54 
Axina, (Kirb.) xiv. 344 

analis, xiv. 344 
Axinophorus, characters of, xiv. 271 

Brasiliensis, xiv. 271 

Badister, description of, xiv. 226 
Barbicornis, (Godart) xv. 593 

basalis, xv. 677 
Baccha, (Meig.) xv. 703 

(Fab.) XV. 715 
Bagous, XV. 60 
Balsena urticata, xv. 622 
Balaninus, xv. 60 
Banchus, (Fab.) xv. 361. 364 
Baridius, xv. 61 
Bed-bug, habits of, xv. 237 

without wings, xv. 230 



Beemai'es, of Geoff, xv. 54 
Bee, intellect of the, xiv. 100 

intellect and industry of the, xiv. 

101 
quotation relating to the, xiv. 

112 
sting of the, xv. 389. 531 
the upholsterer, xv. 571. 573 
Bees, the, xv. 381. 530 

abdomen of, xv. 534 

appearance of reason in, xiv. 109 

care of nursing, xv. 542 

the carpenter, xv. 570 

cells of, XV. 552 

crowd plants and flowers, when, 

xiv. 61 
culture of, xv. 565 
diseases of, xv. 561 
dislike oil of turpentine, xiv. 63 
the drones, or male, xv. 531 
dwellings of, xiv. 119 
eggs of, XV. 541 
how to prevent the emigration 

of, XV. 558 
enemies of, xv. 563 
English, anterior tarsi of, xiv. 

18 
M. Huber's experiment upon, xv. 

635 
eyes of, xiv. 46 
fecundation of, xv. 539 
feeding of, xv. 560 
the female, xv. 531 
fondness for drink of, xiv. 70 
food of, xiv. 68 

formation of the cells of, xv. 553 
formation of swarms of, xv. 546 
the hives of, xv. 550. 556 
glass hives for, xv. 557 
how to clear a hive of, xv. 559 
honey of, xv. 554 
the humble, xv. 567 
humming of, xiv. 76 
instinct of, xiv. 67. 104—108 
the king, xv. 531 
labours of, xv. 551 
larva of, xv. 543 
length of life of, xv. 562 
the mason, xv. 571 
metamorphosis of, xiv. 118 
method of forming swarms of, 

XV. 549 
method of making fruitful, xv. 

545 
method of taking a swarm of, 

XV. 547 
neuters among, xiv. If). 78. 114 
organs of the, xv. 533 
perspiration of, xiv. 74 



240 



INDEX. 



Bees, prophetic of rain, xiv. 33 

the queen, xv. 531 

quotation from Virgil respecting, 
xiv. 34 ; XV. 532 

remark of Aristotle respecting, 
xiv. 80 

respiration of, xv. 537 

sensation of, xiv. 103 

sense of touch in, xv. 538 

sex of working, xv. 544 

best situation for, xv. 555 

sting of, XV. 389, 531 

taste of, XV. 537 

temperature developed bv, xiv. 
75 

use of antennae of, xiv. 44 

utility of, xiv. 120 

wings of, xiv. 16 

the working, xv. 530 
Beetle, black, xv. 187 

common burying, organs of smell 
of, xiv. 63 

senses in the eye of a, xiv. 48 
Beetles burying, why called, xiv. 393 

frequent the snake-root and 

staphelia, xiv. 60 
Belostoma, xv. 222 

marginata, xv. 248 
Belus, (Schcen.) xv. 54 
Belyta, (/;;;-.) xv. 368 
Bembecides, {Led.) xv. 376 
Bembidion, description of, xiv. 240. 280 
Boris, {Lat.) xv. 699. 757 
Berosus, xiv. 431 
Bethylus, {Lat.) xv. 367 
Berytus, {Fab.) of what composed, xv. 

241 
Bibio, {Geoff.) xv. 689 

{Fab.) XV. 695 
Biblis, {Fab.) xv. 589 
Biches, what called in French, xiv. 500 
Bitoma, {Herbs.) xv. 86 
Bipartiti, description of, xiv. 197 
Bithynus, {Leach) xv. 167 
Bittacus, {Lat.) xv. 298 
Blaps, xiv. 552. 567 

{Fab.) xiv. 553. 559 

clathrata, xiv. 556 

gages, xiv. 553 

glabra, xiv. 559 

laevigata, xiv. 553 

mortisaga, xiv. 553 

punctata, xiv. 556 

sulcata, xiv. 553. 568 

tibialis, xiv. 554 

tibidens, xiv. 558 

voice of, xiv. 76 
Blatta, {Lhi.) xv. 171. 192 

coecum of, xv. 180 



Blatta acervorum, xv. 175 

Americana, xv. 172 

Germanica, xv. 172 

gigantea, xv. 185, 186 

Lapponica, xv. 172 

Orientalis, xv. 172. 187 

rugicollis, xv. 187 
Blattae, xv. 184 

Blapsides, whence named, xiv. 551 
Blaptinus, {Deg.) xiv. 558 
Blastanus, {H^'.) xv. 30 
Blepharis of M. Sevoille, xv. 190 

elegans, xv. 190 
Blethisa, description of, xiv. 238 
Blue meat-fly, ovoviparous, xiv. 77 
Bocydium, {Lat.) xv. 225 
Bolboceras Australasias, xiv. 465 

Bilbergii, xiv. 508 

{Kirby) xiv. 465. 508 
Boletophagus xv. 9 

{Fab.) XV. 5 

cornutus, xv. 9 
Bolitophila, {Hoff.) xv. 68? 
Bombardiers of ;\I. Latreille, xiv. 266 
Bombidium, description of, xiv, 240 
Bombus, XV. 567 

lapidarius, xv. 568 

{Lat.) XV. 388 
Bombyces, the, xv. 679 

antennae of, xiv. 78 
Bonibycites, xv. 605 
Bombylii, the, xv. 753 
Bombylius, {Lin.) xv. 692 

proper, {Aleig.) xv. 693 
Bombyx, xv. 602 

abietis, xv. 609 

anachoreta, xv. 609 

antiqua, xv. 610 

antiqua, represented by Kirby 
and Spence, xiv. 43 

Atlas, where found, xiv. 96 

betulifolia, xv. 606 

Bucephala, xv. 609 

caja, XV. 611 

caja, represented by Kirby and 
Spence, xiv. 42 

Cecropia, xv. 605 

chrysorrhaea, xv. 611 

compressa, xv. 613 

coryli, xv. 609 

cyllopoda, xv. 615 

dispar, xv. 609 

illicifolia, xv. 606 

Jacobeae, xv. 612 

luna, XV. 605 

mori, XV. 607- 679 

mylitta, xv. 605 

Neustria, xv. 608 

populifolia, XV. 606 



INSECTA. 



241 



Bombyx pavonia major, xv. 606 
potatoria, xv. 606 
processionnea, xv. 608 
proper, xv. 607 
pudibunda, xv. 609 
pythio-campa, xv. 608 
quercifolia, xv. 606 
species of wild, xv. 634 
tau, XV. 605 
venulia, xv. 599 
versicolora, xv. 609 
verticalis, xv. 623 
Borborus, (Meig.) xv. 712 
Boreus, {Latr.) xv. 298 
Boros, (Herbs.) xiv. 561 
corticalis, xiv, 561 
thoracicus, xiv. 561 
Bostrichi, Larvae of, xv. 90 
Bostrichus denticollis, xv. 91 
proper, (Geoff.) xv. 84 
thoracicus, xv. 91 
(Fab.) XV. 82, 83 
Botys, (Lat.) xv. 622 
Bourdon, xv. 567 
Bousiers, wiiat called, xiv. 507 
Brachelytra, description of, xiv. 288 
Brachinus, description of the, xiv. 185 
bimaculatus, xiv. 267 
bombarda, xiv. 187 
causticus, xiv. 187 
complanatus, xiv. 186 
crepitans, xiv. 187- 266, 267 
exhalans, xiv. 187 
displosor, xiv. 186. 267, 268. 270 
explodens, xiv. 187 
glabratus, xiv. 187 
scolepeta, xiv. 187 
Brachini, Helluo approximated to the, 

xiv. 191 
Brachycera, where found, xiv. 93 
Brachycerus, xv. 68 
(Fab.) XV. 56 
Brachyopa, (Hoff.) xv. 705 
Brachypus, xv. 60 
Brachyrhinus, xv. 69 
Brachystoma, (Meig.) xv. 691 
Bracon, (Jur.) xv. 363 
(Fah.) XV. 361 
Braula, (Netz.) xv. 719 
Brassicariaj, what called, xv. 411 
Brassolis, (Fab.) xv. 590 
Brentus, xv. 68 

(Fab.) XV. 55 
Temminckii, xv. 68 
Brevirostrae, xv. 57 
Brontes, (Fab.) xv. 95 
Broscus, description of, xiv. 218 
Bruchus, (Fab.) xv. 20 
(Geoff.) xiv. 348 

Cuv. Index. 



Bruchus of Lin. xv. 53 

larvae of, xiv. 381 ; xv. 64 
acaciae, xv. 65 
granarius, food of, xiv. 68 
palmarum, xv. 65 
pisi, xv. 66 

properly so called, xv. 53 
Bucentes, xv. 705 

(Lat.) XV. 706 
Bucephalus Antenor, where found, xiv. 92 
Bug, families of the, xv. 233 

bed, where placed, xv. 236 
land, XV. 232 
Bugs, proper, xv. 220 

difference between Nymph and 

Larvae of, xiv. 21 
growth of young, xv. 239 
Bulbifer, (Deg.) xv. 63 
Bupreste bleu, xiv. 196 

ecunone, xiv. 358 
Buprestides, xiv. 310 

hepatic conduits of, xiv. 308 
Buprestis, xiv. 356 ; xv. 39 
(Lin.) xiv. 310 
(proper) xiv. 31 1 
dangerous to oxen, xiv. 183 
peculiar formation of, xiv. 255 
signification of, xiv. 265 
Buprestis acuminata, xiv. 357 
adspersa, xiv. 357 
aereicollis, xiv. 357 
affinis, xiv. 312 
alni, xiv. 357 
amcena, xiv. 358 
appendiculata, xiv. 358 
Berolinensis asnea, xiv. 3.57 
bicornis, xiv. 357 
bifasciata, xiv. 358 
canaliculata, xiv. 358 
carbonaria, xiv. 357 
cariosa, xiv. 357 
castanea, xiv. 357 
chrysis, xiv. 312. 357 
chrysostigma, xiv, 312 
chrysostigma affinis, xiv. 358 
conspersa, xiv. 357 
cuprea, xiv. 357 
cupressis, xiv. 357 
cyanicornis, xiv. 358 
cylindrica, xiv. 357 
elata, xiv. 357 
emarginata, xiv. 313 
equestris, xiv. 358 
exasperata, xiv. 357 
eximia, xiv. 357 
fasciculata, xiv. 311 
fascicularis, xiv. 357 
flavomarginata, xiv. 358 
flavomaculata, xiv. ,357 

li 



242 



INDEX. 



Buprestis Florentina, xiv. 357 

gibbosa, xiv. 357 

gigas, xiv. 257- 312 

grandis, xiv. 357 

hirsuta, xiv. 357 

hirta, xiv. 357 

hcemorrho'idalis, xiv. 357 

impressa, xiv. 358 

interrupta, xiv. 357 

leucostica, xiv 357 

leucogaster, xiv. 357 

lineola, xiv. 313 

lugubris, xiv. 357 

macularia, xiv. 357 

manca, xiv. 358 

mariana, xiv. 357 

mumata, xiv. 313 

nitida, xiv. 358 

novem-maculata, xiv. 357 

ocellata, xiv. 312 

octo-guttata, xiv. 357 

ornata, xiv. 357 

penicillata, xiv. 357, 358 

pilosa, xiv. 357 

priricipialis, xiv. 358 

punctata, xiv. .357 

quadrimaculata, xiv. 358 

rubi, xiv. 357 

rustica, xiv. 357 

rutilans, xiv. 357 

scutellaris, xiv. 358 

sternicornis, xiv. 311. 357 

stigma, xiv. 358 

strigosa, xiv. 357 

taeniata, xiv. 357 

tarda, xiv. 358 

tarterica, xiv. 357 

tenebricosa, xiv. 357 

tenebrionis, xiv. 357 

variabilis, xiv. 357 

variolaris, xiv. 357 

viridis, xiv. 312 

vittata, xiv. 312 

Wlntehillii, xiv. 358 
Butterflies, the, xv. 582. 671 

properly so called, the, xv. 583 

alpine, xiv. 90 

diurnal, colour of, xiv.[99 

manner of feeding of, xiv. 66 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 83 

prophetic of rain, xiv. 33 

remark of Aristotle respecting, 
xiv. 80 

seekplants andflowers.when, xiv. 
61 

wings of, xiv. 16 
Butterfly, eggs of the, xiv. 20 

flight of the, XV. 672 

lenses in the eye of a, xiv. 48 



Butterfly, mouth of a, xiv. 22 
Byrrhi, xiv. 423 
Byrrhus, [Geoff.) xiv. 351 

of Linnaeus, xiv. 406. 407 ; xv. 
22 

proper, {Lin.) xiv. 407 

crinaceus, xiv. 408 

pilula, xiv. 408. 423 

pygmffius, xiv. 405 

sericeus, xiv. 405 

setiger, xiv. 408 

striato-punctatus, xiv. 408 

verbasci, xiv. 406 
Byturi, xiv. 420 
Byturus, {Lat.) xiv. 402 

Cadelle, xv. 92, 93 

Calandra, {Fab.) xv. 59. 62, 63 

eggs of, XV. 73 

granaria, xv. 72 

granaria, food of, xiv. 68 

palmarum, xv. 80 
Calandree, xv. 72 

remedy against, xv. 78 
Calathus, description of, xiv. 221 
Calleida, description of, xiv. 195 
Callicera, {Meig.) xv. 704 
Callicerus, (of M. Gravenhorst) xiv. 300 
Callichroma, {Lat.) xv. 103 
Callidium, {Fah.) xv. 102. 105 

where found, xv. 117 
Callimorpha, {Lat.) xv. 611 
Callirhipis, {Lat.) xiv. 325 

Childreni, xiv. 365 

Dejeunii, xiv. 326 

ruficornis, xiv. 365 
Callisthenes, description of, xiv. 235 
Callistus, description of, xiv. 223 
Callomyia, (Meig.) xv. 696 
Calobata, {Fah.) xv. 715 
Calobates, {Lat.) xv. 715 
Calopus, {Fah.) xv. 19 
Calosoma, {Fah.) xv. 13 

{Fah.) description of, xiv. 206. 
235 

calidura, xiv. 235 

indagator, xiv. 235 

inquisitor, xiv. 2.35. 267 

longicornis, xiv. 206 

porculatum, xiv. 235 

reticulatum, xiv. 235 

scrutator, xiv. 235 
Calosomi, conical appendages of the, xiv. 

174 
Calopes, antennas of, xv. 18 
Calymbetes Lowei, xiv. 284 
Calyptocephalus, xiv. 370 
Campsia, {Lep. Sf Ser.) xv. 12 
Camptocerus, {Dej.) xv. 82 



INSECTA. 



243 



Camptodontus, description of, xiv. 204 

Cayennensis, xiv. 204 
Camptognetha testacea, xv. 516 
Camptorhynchus, xv. 61 
Campylus, (Fisc.) xiv. 322 
Campyolmyza, (Wied.) xv. 688 
Canopseus, {Meig.) xv. 703 
Canopus punctatus, xv. 233 
Cantharis, {Geoff.) xv. 27- 33 

(Degeer.) xv. 41 

(Lin.) xiv. 330. 337- 340. 353 

aenea, xiv. 340 

bipustulata, xiv. 340 

dermestoi'des, xiv. 353 

fusca, xiv. 337 

livida, xiv. 338 

officinalis, xv. 43, 44 

Orientalis, vrhere found, xiv. 93 

qualities of, xv. 47 
Cantharides, xv. 45 

what called by the Ancients, xv. 
50 

elytra of, xiv. 17 

mode of collecting, xv. 49 

mode of preserving, xv. 49 
Cantharidia, xv. 31 
Cantharus, with what synonymous, xiv. 

510 
Capnodes, xiv. 357 
Capricorns, xv. 116 
Capricornus, coleoptera of, xiv. 68 
Capsus, XV. 219 

Carabi, conical appendages of the, xiv. 
174 

dwelling of, xiv. 183 

majores, xiv. 276 
Carabici, description of the, xiv. 182 

grandipalpous, xiv. 191 

hunters and cavnivora, xiv. 175 

subgenera of, xiv. 190 

succeed to Drypta, xiv. 192 

where placed by Dejean, xiv. 188 
Carabus, xv. 68 

derivation of the word, xiv. 265 

description of, xiv. 182. 195. 233 

(Fab.) description of, xiv. 206. 
236 

(/yM2.) description of, xiv. 220. 234 

seneus, xiv. 209 

affinis, xiv. 234 

agricola, xiv. 226 

agrorum, xiv. 224 

albipes, xiv. 223 

ammon, xiv. 224 

angulatus, xiv. 228 

angustatus, xiv. 235 

angusticollis, xiv. 223 

articulatus, xiv. 242 

arvensis, xiv. 234 



Carabus auratus, xiv. 234 

auro-nitens, xiv. 234 
azureus, xiv. 225 
biguttatus, xiv. 242 
bipunctatus, xiv. 242 
bipustulatus, xiv. 226 
borealis, xiv. 239 
brevicollis, xiv. 237 
buprestis, xiv. 277 
Calydonius, xiv. 206 
cancellatus, xiv. 234 
carnifex, xiv. 224 
cassideus, xiv. 226 
catenatus, xiv. 234 
cephalotes, xiv. 218 
cinctus, xiv. 224, 225 
cisteloi'des, xiv. 221 
cselatus, xiv. 234 
cseruleus, xiv. 234 
concolor, xiv. 234 
consitus, xiv. 234 
convexus, xiv. 234 
coriaceus, xiv. 233 
crepitans, xiv. 266 
Creutzeri, xiv. 233 
Crcesus, xiv. 225 
crux-major, xiv. 228 
cursor, xiv. 242 
cyaneus, xiv. 233 
cyanocephalus, xiv. 196 
decorus, xiv. 242 
depressus, xiv. 215. 226. 233 
dorcus, xiv. 501 
Doris, xiv. 242 
emarginatus, xiv. 226 
excavatus, xiv. 229 
Fabricii, xiv. 233 
festivus, xiv. 224 
flavicornis, xiv. 223 
frigidus, xiv. 221 
fuscus, xiv. 221 
gemmatus, xiv. 234 
gibbus, xiv. 211 
gigas, xiv 232 
glabratus, xiv. 234 
granulatus, xiv. 234 
guttula, xiv. 242 
helopiodes, xiv. 224 
Helwigii, xiv. 237 
hirtipes, xiv. 209 
hispanus, xiv. 233 
haemorrhoidalis, xiv. 196 
Hoffmansegii, xiv. 226 
holosericeus, xiv. 224 
hortensis, xiv. 234 
impressus, xiv. 225 
irregularis, xiv. 2.34 
leucophthalmus, xi\. 214. 220 
lunatus, xiv. 224 

1 i2 



244 



INDEX. 



Carabus niadidus, xiv. 21G 
marginatus, xiv. 223 
Megerlei, xiv. 232 
melanocephalus, xiv. 221 
Meridianus, xiv. 210 
merulianus, xiv. 242 
micans, xiv. 224 
micros, xiv. 242 
minutus, xiv. 242 
modestus, xiv. 242 
monilis, xiv. 234 
monticola, xiv. 214 
morbillosus, xiv. 234 
multipunctatus, xiv. 239 
nigricornis, xiv. 224 
nitens, xiv. 234 
nodulosus, xiv. 234 
notulatus, xiv. 228 
oblongo-punctatus, xiv. 216 
oblongus, xiv. 223 
occulatus, xiv. 224 
osseticus, xiv. 233 
parum-punctatus, xiv. 223 
Paykulii, xiv. 217 
peltatus, xiv. 226 
picicornis, xiv. 237 
picimanus, xiv. 214 
pilicornis, xiv. 229 
planus, xiv. 186. 220 
politus, xiv. 225 
posticus, xiv. 224 
prasinus, xiv. 223 
psanimodes, xiv. 237 
puchellus, xiv. 242 
purpurascens, xiv. 234 
pygmseus, xiv. 242 
Pyrseiieus, xiv. 234 
quadricolor, xiv. 224 
quatuor-punctatus, xiv. 223 
quatuor-sulcatus, xiv. 224 
quatuor-guttatus, xiv. 242 
rufescens, xiv. 237 
rufipes, xiv. 229 
sabulosus, xiv. 237 
saponaceus, xiv. 224 
scabrosus, xiv. 232, 233 
Scheidlerii, xiv. 234 
scorbiculatus, xiv. 223 
selpho'ides, xiv. 226 
semipunctatus, xiv. 240 
sex-punctatus, xiv. 223 
signatus, xiv. 209 
spinibavbis, xiv. 237- 278 
spinilabris, xiv. 237 
spoliatus, xiv. 224 
stigma, xiv. 224 
striola,xiv. 215 
sycophanta, xiv. 235. 278 
sylvestris, xiv. 234 
tenebrioides, xiv. 214 



Carabus tenuicollis, xiv. 224 

terminatus, xiv. 237 

terricola, xiv. 220 

tricolor, xiv. 242 

uligino.sus, xiv. 239 

ustulatus, xiv. 242 

vaporariorum, xiv. 210 

vespertinus, xiv. 210 

violaceus, xiv. 234 

vivalis, xiv. 221 
Cararia, [Lep. 8f Ser.) xv. 12 
Carcophagus, xv. 126 

Banksiae, xv. 126 
Carenum, description of, xiv. 199 
Caris, description of the, xiv. 180 
Carnivora, description of the, xiv. 172 
Carpenter-ants, xv. 444 
Carpenter-bees, the, xv. 570 
Carpomyzae, xv. 715 
Caruns of M. Nitzsch, xv. 706 
Casnonia, description of the, xiv. 189 
Cassida, xv. 143 

(Lin.) XV. 136 

bicolor, XV. 772 
Cassidffi, habits of the, xv. 131 
Cassidariae, the, xv. 135 
Cassignetus geotrupo'ides, xiv. 499 
Castnia, (Fab.) xv. 595, 596 
Catadromus, xiv. 214 
Catascopus, description of, xiv. 218 

(of M. Kirby) xiv. 188 
Catops, (Fab.) xiv. 398 

(Payk.) xiv. 398 

blapoi'des, xiv. 398 
Catascopus elegans, xiv. 219 

Hardwickii, xiv. 218 
Caterpillar of Bombyx Neustria, xv. 
655 

the common, xv. 650 

of large cabbage butterfly, xiv. 5 

mouth of a, xiv. 22 

nest of the, xv. 651 
Caterpillars, attitudes of, xv. 647 

change of skin of, xv. 580 

chrysalis from, xiv. 20 

colours of, XV. 638 

experiment upon, xv. 662 

eyes of, xiv. 46 

false, XV. 391. 397 

the fish-formed, xv. 617 

food of, xiv. 67 ; xv. 580. 642 

general history of, xv. 635 

the geometer, xv. 665 

the hairy, xv. 640 

horn of, xv. 639 

intestines of, xv. 581 

labours of certain, xiv. 113 

leaves of apple trees feed, xv. 658 

of lepidoptera, xiv, 66 

metamorphosis of, xv. 667 



INSECTA. 



245 



Caterpillars, mode of life in, xv. 641 

moulting of, xv. 666 

muscles of, xiv. 54 

no blood vessels in, xiv. 71 

pine forests nourish, xv. 652 

prejudice against, xv. 648 

the processionary, xv. 657 

procession of, xv. 653 

remark of Aristotle respecting, 
xiv. 80 

the rolling, xv. 661 

the shorn, xv. 640 

skin of, XV. 638 

societies of, xv. 580 

spinning of, xv. 654 

unsocial nature of, xv. 659 

winter retreats of, xv. 649 
Catheretes, (Herbst.) xiv. 401 
Cebrio, (Oliv.) xiv. 323 

(proper,) xiv. 324 

bicolor, xiv. 352 

brevicornis, xiv. 324 

femoratus, xiv. 325 

fuscus, xiv. 325 

gigas, xiv. 324, 325 

longicornis, xiv. 324 

ruficollis, xiv. 325 
Cebriones, xiv. 365 

peculiarity of the, xiv. 309 

where found, xiv. 92 
Cebrionites, xiv. 323 
Cecidomye, (Lat.) xv. 429 
Cecidomyia, (Meig.) xv. 685 

the, XV. 748 
Cecydomyise, food of, xiv. 68 

larvae of, xv. 749 

nymphs of, xv. 749 
Celerio, sphinx, xv. 597 
Celonites, (Lat.) xv. 379 
Celyphus, {Dalm.) xv. 716 

obtectus, (J)alm.) xv. 716. 773 
Cemonus, {Jur.) xv. 378 
Cenopalpus, {Gyll.) xv. 18 
Cenops, (Lin.) xv. 705 
Centrinus, xv. 61 
Centris, (Fab.) xv. 387 
Centrotus, (Fab.) xv. 225 

furcatus, xv. 261 

globularis, xv. 261 
Cephaleia, (Jur.) xv. 357 
Cephalia, {Meig.) xv. 715 
Cephalocera, (Lat.) xv. 698 
Cephalotes, description of, xiv. 218 
Cephus, (Lat.) xv. 358 
Cerambycinse, size of, xiv. 96 
Cerambycini, xv. 100 
Cerambyx, xv. 101. 116 

{Deg.) XV. 99 

(Fab.) XV. 102, 103. 112 



Cerambyx, (OUv.) xv. 19. 102 

ambrosiacus, xv. 103 

carcharias, xv. 1 1 

cerdo, xv. 104 

coriaceus, xv. 100 

Fichteli, xv. 117 

fuliginator, xv. 109 

heros, xv. 104. 117 

linearis, xv. 110 

longimanus, xv. 108 

moschatus, xv. 103 

proper, xv. 104 

regular, xv. 101 

sanguineus, xv. 105 

textor, XV. 109 
Cerapterus, xv. 83 " 

Ceramus, (Lat.) xv. 380 
Ceraphron, (Jur.) xv. 368 
Ceraspis, (Lepel.) xiv. 481 

pruinosa, xiv. 482 
Ceratophya, (Wied.) xv. 704 
Ceratophyus, of M. Fischer, xiv. 463 

dispar, xiv. 463 
Ceratopogon, (Meig.) xv. 685 
Ceraturgus, ( Wied.) xv. 691 
Cerceris, (Lat.) xv. 379 
Cerocoma, [Geoff.) xv. 31 

description of, xv. 49 

cantharides distinct from, xv. 
46 
Cercopis, xv. 226 

fulvo scutellata, xv. 262 

spumaria, xv. 261 
Cercus, (Lat.) xiv. 401 
Cercydion, xiv. 432 
Cereatina, (Lat.) xv. 383 
Ceria, (Fab.) xv. 703 
Ceriae, the, xv. 763 
Cermatia, description of, xiv. 133 

livida, xiv. 134 
Ceropales, (Lat.) xv. 375 
Cerophytum, xiv. 318 
Ceroplateus, (Bosc.) xv. 688 
Certallum, (Meg.) xv. 105 
Cerura, (Schr.) xv. 612 
Cerylon, (Gyll.) xv. 85 

(Lat.) XV. 85 
Cethosia, xv. 583 

(Fab.) XV. 587 
Cetonia, of Fabricius, xiv. 473. 494, 495 

aurata, xiv. 496. 516 

Chinensis, xiv. 495 

cornuta, xiv. 495 

cruenta, xiv. 495 

elongata, xiv. 493 

fastuosa, xiv. 496 

gagates, xiv. 494 

geotrupinus, xiv. 494 

imperialis, xiv. 495 



246 



INDEX. 



Cetonia Kirbii, xiv. 516 

plana, xiv. 495 

regia, xiv. 495 

vencosa, xiv. 495 
Cetonise, where found, xiv. 530 
Ceutocerus, xiv. 390 
Ceutorhynchus, xv. 62 
Chalcidae, xv. 364 
Chalcides, larvae of, xv. 581 
Chalcidites, the, xv. 433 

larvse of the, xv. 433 
Chalciraon, {Dalm.) xiv. 409 

Humboldtii, xiv. 499 
Chalcis, (F«6.) xv. 364 

proper, xv. 365 
Chalepus, xv. 136 

(Macleai/,) xiv. 472 
Chasme, (Lep. Sf Ser.) xiv. 488 
Chasmodia, (MacL) xiv. 474 
Chasmopterus, {Dej.) xiv. 488 
Chauliodes, {Lat.) xv. 299 

maculipennis, xv. 332 
Clielobasis, new subgenus of, xv. 143 
Chelonarium, xiv. 364 

{Fah.) xiv. 317 
Chelonia, (Godart) xv. 611 
Chelonus, {Jur.) xv. 363 
Chelostoma, {Lat.) xv. 384 
Chermes, {Lin.) xv. 227 

{Geoff.) XV. 228 

{Li7i.) habits of, xv. 264 
Chernnum, {Lafr.) xv. 166 
Chigoe, xiv. 156 

Chilognatha, description of, xiv. 126. 
137 

motion of the, xiv. 127 
Chilopoda, description of, 131. 140 
Chionea, {Dalman) xv. 687 
Chirocera, {Latr.) xv. 365 
Chiromyza, ( Wied.) xv. 698 
Chiron, xiv. 502 

{Mac L.) xiv. 460 

digitatus, xiv. 461 
Chironomi, the, xv. 743 

larvae of, xv. 745 
Chironomus, {Meig.) xv. 684 

curious appearance of, xv. 318 

pluniosis, XV. 744 
Chiroscelis, {Lam.) xiv. 560 

bifenestra, xiv. 561 
Chlamys, {Knock.) xv. 137 
Chlaenius, description of, xiv. 224 

azureus, xiv. 225 

velutinus, xiv. 224 
Chlorima, xv. 57 
Chlorion, {Lat.) xv. 375 
Chlorops, {Meig.) xv. 714 
Chceridium, xiv. 454 
Choleva, xiv. 397 



Choleva, {Lair.) xiv. 398 
Choragus, {Kirb.) xv. 138 
Chrysides, {Lat.) xv. 369 

the, XV. 434 
Chrysina auripes, xiv. 517 

of Kirby, xiv. 516 

Mexicana, xiv. 517 

Peruviana, xiv. 516 
Chrysis, xv. 526 

of Linnaeus, xv. 369 

of Spinola, xv. 370 

organs of touch of, xiv. 64 
Chrysobotus, xiv. 358 
Chrysochlora, {Lat.) xv. 700 
Chrysomela, xv. 139. 148 

{Fab.) XV. 13 

{Lin.) XV. 27. 123 

Calmariensis, xv. 141 

cerealis, xv. 140 

elongata, xiv. 343 

larvae of, xv. 152 

nitidula, xv. 142 

oleracea, xv. 142 

populi, XV. 140 

populi, fluid emitted by, xiv. 73 

proper, xv. 140 

sanguinolenta, xv. 140 

tanaceti, xv. 141 
Chrysomelinae, xv. 136 
Chrysomelina, size of, xiv. 96 
Chrysophora, {Dej.) xiv. 473 
Chrysopilus, {Fab.) xv. 695 
Chrysops, {Meig.) xv. 697 
Chrysotus, xv. 696 
Chrysotoxa, the, xv. 763 
Chrysotoxum, {Meig.) xv. 703 
Chyliga, {Fall.) xv. 713 
Chylognatha, lower lip of the, xiv. 132 
Cicada, {Lin. Fab.) xv. 226 

{Oliv.) xv. 223 

Kirby's remarks on, xv. 254 

mannifera, xv. 252 

of what composed, xv, 252 

orni, XV. 252 

septendecim, xv. 255 

spumaria, xv. 261 
Cicada tibicen, xv. 255 
Cicadae, larvae of, xv. 257 
Cicadaria clirysis, xv. 682 
Cicadariae, xv. 223 

psylus, XV. 682 ' 

Cicadella, xv. 224 

proper, {Oliv.) xv. 226 
Cicadellse proper, xv. 263 
Ciccus, {Lat.) xv. 226 
Cicindela aquatica, xiv, 240 

bipustulata, xiv. 177 

campestris, xiv. 179 

Carolina, xiv. 177 



INSECTA. 



247 



Cicindela coarctata, xiv. 180 

compared with Ditomos Buce- 
phalus, xiv. 198 

description of the, xiv. 176. 178 

dromica, xiv. 180 

fiavipes, xiv. 241 

for cantharides, xv. 48 

Germanica, xiv. 179 

Hybrida, xiv. 179 

manticora, xiv. 263 

megalocephala, xiv. 177 

octonotata, xiv. 264 

quadrimaculata, xiv. 242 

quadrinotata, xiv. 178 

riparia, xiv. 239 

sinuata, xiv. 179 

sylvatica, xiv. 179. 262 

tristis, xiv. 177 

what called, xiv. 366 

connected with what, xiv. 191 

radial articulation of the, xiv. 
183 

what indicated by, xiv. 261 
Cicindeletae, xiv. 191 

description of the, xiv. 1 76 
Cigala mantes, xiv. 92 

noise made by, xiv. 76 

wings of, XV. 230 
Cigalse, abdomen of female, xv. 231 

food of, xiv. 67. 232 

epimoros of, xiv. 51 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 81 
Cigales chanteuses, xv. 252 
Cimbex, xv. 400 

(Oliv.) XV. 355 

amerinse, larvas of, xv. 401 
Cimbices, flight of, xv. 401 
Cimex, of Linnaeus, xv. 217- 232 
Cimex betulse, xv. 234 

baccarum, xv. 235 

families of, xv. 233 

griseus, xv. 235 

lectularius, xv. 237 

ornatus, xv. 236 

personatus, xv. 243 

tipularius, xv. 242 

upper wings of, xv. 229 

vagabundus, xv. 244 
Cimices scutellati, xv. 232 
Cinetus, (Jur.) xv. 368 
Cinips, XV. 526 
Clonus, (Clair.) xv. 61 
Circellium, (Latr.) xiv. 454 
Cis, (Lat.) XV. 84 

approximate to what, xv. 5 

boleti, XV. 91 

of what composed, xv. 91 
Cissites, xv. 31 
Cistela, of Geoffroy, xiv. 407 ; xv. 22 



Cistela, (Fab.) xv. 15, 16 

cervina, xiv. 327 
Cistelides, xv. 15 
Cistogaster, (Lat.) xv. 708 
Citellaria, (Meig.) xv. 700 
Cixius, XV. 224 
Cladius, (Kliig.) xv. 356 
Cladophorus, xiv. 371 
Clambus, xv. 168 
Clavicornes, xiv. 308 

family of the, xiv. 384 
Claviger proper, xv. 168 
Clavipalpi, xv. 154 
Clavipes, (Fab ) xv. 365 
Cleonus, XV. 59 
Cleonymus, (Latr.) xv. 366 
Cleopatra Papilio, (where found,) xiv. 

88 
Cleptes, (Fab.) xv. 366 

of Latreille, xv. 370 
Cleri, of Olivier, xiv. 399 
Clerus, xiv. 374 

(Fab.) xiv. 345 

(Geoff.) XIV. 342 

alvearius, xiv. 375 

apiarius, xiv. 374 

formicarius, xiv. 345 

Kirbyi, xiv. 376 

mollis, xiv. 345 

mutillarius, xiv. 345 

proper, (Geoff.) xiv. 345 

unifasciatus, xiv. 343 
Clitus, (Fab.) xv. 105 
Clivina, description of, xiv. 204 

Arctica, xiv. 205 
Clypeaster, (Andersche) xv. 159 
Clythra, (Fab.) xv. 137 

quadripunctata, xv. 137 
Clytus Haiji, xv. 1 18 
Cnemacanthus gibbosus, xiv. 276 
Cnemidotus, description of, xiv. 25' 
Cnodalon, (Lat.) xv. 12 

(Fab.) XV. 13 

a new species of, xv. 21 

nodosum, xv. 22 
Cobax, of M. Germar, xv. 223 
Cocci, abdomen of, xv. 231 

female without wings, xv. 23 

granum, (Pliny) xv. 291 

injury done by, xv. 276 
Coccinella, xv. 160 

bipunctata, xv. 159. 162 

for cantharides, xv. 48 

larva; of, xv. 152 

pustulata, XV. 159 

septempunctata, 159. 162 
Coccinellfe, food of the. xv. 161 

larvae of, xv. 162 
Coelioxys, (Lat.) xv. 385 



248 



INDEX. 



Coenomyia, {Lat.) xv. 699 
Coenosia, {Meig.) xv. 711 
Coccus, XV. 229. 273 

(Geojf.) XV. 274 

of Lin., XV. 228 

cacti, XV. 277 

caraccias, xv. 37 

farinarius, xv. 285 

ficus caricae, xv. 284 

tinctorius Polonicus, xv. 282 

ulmi, XV. 282, 283 
Cochineal, (Geoff.) xv. 274 

cultivation of the, xv. 273 

insects, xv. 273 

insects, maternal stratagem of, 
xiv. 77 

insects, size of, xiv. 78 
Cochineals, habits of the, xv. 275 
Cochleoctonus, xiv. 336 
Cochonnes, what called, xv. 597 
Cock-chafer, xiv. 519 
Cock-chafers, larvae of, xiv. 521 

method for destruction of, xiv. 
525 

ravages of, xiv. 521 
Cock-voaches, xv. 184 
Cocytia, (M. Bois Duval) xv. 595 
Codrus, (jur.) xv. 368 
Colaphus, (Meg.) xv. 140 
Colapses, xv. 149 
Colaspis, {Fab.) xv. 139 
Coleoptera, aquatic, winglet of, xiv. 

17 

of Capricornus, food of, xiv. 68 
carnassial, buccal apparatus of, 

xiv. 6 
carnivorous, where found, xiv. 

96 
corslet of, xiv. 12 
description of, xiv. 26. 170 
derivation of, xiv. 254 
eyes of, xiv. 45 
fluid emitted by flesh-eating, xiv. 

72 
food of, xiv. 67 
herbivorous, size of, xiv. 78 
lamellicorneous, difl^erent from 

other hexapodes, xiv. 4 
masticating insects, xiv. 40 
mesothorax of, xiv. 61 
metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 
microptera, xiv. 290. 292 
nicerium of, xiv. 15 
nymphae of, xiv. 21 
stigmata on first segment of, 

xiv. 3 
tarsi of, xiv. 261 
thoracic segments of, xiv. 13 
thorax of, xiv. 11 



Coleoptera, what so called, xiv. 17 
Colletes, {Lat.) xv. 382 
Colliuris emarginata, xiv. 182 

description of the, xiv, 181 

longicollis, xiv. 182 
Collyris, description of the, xiv. 181 
Colobicus, {Latr.) xiv. 399 

tarsi of, xiv. 400 
Colobothea, xv. 110 
Colophaena, description of, xiv. 193 
Colophon, of Mr. VVestwood, xiv. 533, 

534 
Colpodes, description of, xiv. 219 

Brunneus, xiv. 220 
Colydium, {Hellw.) xv. 84. 86 
Colymbetes, description of, xiv. 247 
Comasinus, (Deg.) xv. 60 
Coniatus, (Schcen.) xv. 59 
Conognathus, xiv. 358 
Conops, the, xv. 766. 766 

(Lin.) XV. 701. 706 

rufipes, XV. 766 
Conopsarise, xv. 706, 766 
Cophenes, (Lat.) xv. 706 
Cophosus cylindricus, xiv. 215 
Copris, xiv. 450. 511 

of Fabricius, xiv. 455, 456 

(Oliv.) xiv. 458 

Antenor, xiv. 457 

Bucephalus, xiv. 457 

gigas, xiv. 457 

hamadryas, xiv. 457 

hispanus, xiv. 457 

jachus, xiv. 457 

lunaris, xiv. 450 

Midas, xiv. 457 

Molossus, xiv. 457 

nemestrinus, xiv. 457 

proper, xiv. 506 

proper, {Geoff.) xiv. 457 

Sabseus, xiv. 457 
Coprobius, xiv. 454 
Copromyza, {Fall.) xv. 712 
Coprophagi, xiv. 447. 449 
Coprophilus, description of, xiv. 296 
Coptocephalus Brasiliensis, xv. 113 
Coptodera, description of, xiv. 197 
Cordistes, description of, xiv. 193 

cinctus, xiv. 272 
Cordyla, {Meig.) xv. 689 
Cordylura, xv. 713 
Corel, XV. 240 
Corethra, xv. 742 

{Merg.) XV. 684 

culiciformis, xv. 742 
Corethrae, nymphs of, xv. 743 
Coreus bicolor, xv. 241 

histrix, xv. 240 

{Fab.) XV. 218 



INSECTA. 



249 



Corixa, {Geoff.) xv. 222 

Corixse, habits of the, xv. 251 

Coronis, (Lat.) xv. 596 

Corslet rouge, xiv. 196 

Corsyra, between Brachini & Catascopi, 

xiv. 188 
Corticus, (Dej.) xiv. 560 
Corydalis, (Lat.) xv. 299 
Corynetes, (Fab.) xiv. 346, 347 

sanguinicollis, xiv. 347 
Cossiphenes, xv. 5 
Cossonus, {Clairv.) xv. 63 
Cossus, {Fab.) xv, 603, 604 

cesculi, XV. 605 

ligniperda, xv. 579. 604 

no blood vessels in, xiv. 71 

palpi of, XV. 601 

pyrinus, xv. 605 

scalaris, xv. 605 
Cossyphus proper, (Fab.) xv. 6 

(Gtjll.) XV. 159 

(Oliv.) XV. 5 

depressus, xv. 9 
Coxelus, XV. 5 
Crabro, {Fab.) xv. 378 

{Geoff.) xy. 355 

improper name of, xv. 400 
Crabronitae, xv. 377 
Crambi, (Fab.) xv. 620 
Crambus, {Fab.) xv. 625 

carnellus, xv. 625 

carneus, xv. 626 

erigatus, xv. 624 
Craspedosome, xiv. 131 
Cremastocheilus, {Knocli.) xiv. 493 
Creophilae, xv. 707 
Crepuscularia, xv. 594 
Cricket, bill of the, xiv. 15 

house, XV. 199 
Crickets, appendages of the trachea of 
abdominal segment, xiv. 16 

field, XV. 198 

field, habits of, xv. 201 

how destroyed, xv. 200 

sound produced by, xiv. 76 

stigma of the metathorax of, 
xiv. 3 

why called, xv. 197 
Criocerides, xv. 123 
Crioceris, xv. 125. 141 

{Fab.) XV. 122 

{Geoff.) XV. 123 

how produced, xv. 430 

larva of, xv. 132. 764 
Crioceres, xv. 1 26 

larvae of, xv. 128 
C'riquets proprement dits, xv. 202 

of Geoffrey, habits of, xv. 204 
Cuv. Index. 



Crocisa nitidula, xv. 575 

{Jur.) XV. 386 
Crustacea, of M. de Lamarck, xiv. 25 

amphipod, segments of abdomen 
of, xiv. 9 

decapode, heart of, xiv. 2 

decapode, segments of abdomen 
of, xiv. 9 

description of, xiv. 38 

form a part of insects, xiv. 24 

insects differ from, xiv. 1 

isipod, segments of abdomen of, 
xiv. 9 

jaws of, xiv. 9 

made a particular class by M. 
Cuvier, xiv. 39 

thorax of, xiv. 10 
Crydia, appendages of the trachea of 

abdominal segment, xiv. 16 
Crypticus, {Lett.) xiv. 559 
Cryptocephali, xv. 146 
Cryptocephalus, xv. 137 

proper, xv. 138 

quadripunctata ? xv. 146 

rugicollis, xv. 146 
Cryptocerus, {Latr.) xv. 372 
Cryptodus, xiv. 467 
Cryptophagus, {Herbst.) xiv. 402 

silaceus, xiv. 403 
Cryptorhynchus, xv. 62. 72 
Cryptosoma, {Dej.) xiv. 319 
Cryptus, (Fab.) xv. 361 

{Jur.) XV. 356 

Lavignii, xiv. 135 

(of Dr. Leach) xiv. 135 

hortensis, xiv. 135 
Crytops, {Sch.) xv. 56 
Ctenipes, description of, xiv. 221 
Ctenicera, (Lai.) xiv. 320 
Ctenistes, (Reich.) xv. 167 
Ctenodactyla, description of, xiv. 194 

Chevrolatii, xiv. 194 

of Cayenne, xiv. 194 
Ctenodes, (Oliv.) xv. 103 
Ctenophora, (Meig.) xv. 685 
Ctenostoma, description of the, xiv. 180 
Cucujus,(Fa&.)description of, xiv. 95. 1 99 

bifipes, xiv. 199 
Cuculinae, xv. 385 
Culex of Linnaeus, xv. 683. 725 

annulatus, xv. 7-^2 

ciliatus, XV. 684 

reptans, xv. 7^2 
Culices, the, xv. 726 

annoyance from, xv. 729 

corslet of the, xv. 728 
Culicides, (Lat.) xv, 683 
Culicoides, (Lot.) xv. 685 
Kk 



250 



INDEX. 



Cupes, (Fab.) xiv. 354 

capitata, xiv. 354 
Curculio, XV. 68 

of Fabricius, xv. 56. 58. 69 
(Lin.) XV. 20. 55 
properly so called, xv. 57 
larvae of, xv. 93 
acuminatus, xv. 57 
argentatus, xv. 69 
chrysis, xv. 69 
cyanipes, xv. 70 
fastuosus, XV. 69 
ligusdci, XV. 70 
regalis, xv. 69 
spectabilis, xv. 70 
taniarisci, xv. 69 
viridis, xv. 69 
CurcuHones leaping, xv. 69 
Cuvsoria, xv. 171 
Cychrus, description of, xiv. 231 
attenuatus, xiv. 231 
elevatus, xiv. 231 
Italicus, xiv. 231 
reflexus, xiv. 228 
related to Dryptae, xiv. 191 
rotatus, xiv. 231 
Cyclica, xv. 134 

supplement on the, xv. 143 
Cycloceplia, {Latr.) xiv. 472 
Cyclomus. XV. 56 

(ScJtoe.) XV. 56 
Cyclosomi, anatomical observation, xiv. 

208 
Cylas, (Lat.) xv, 55 
Cylidrus, {Laf.) xiv. 343 
Cyllenia, (Lat.) xv. 694 
Cymatodera, xiv. 375 
Cymex, (Lai.) xv. 220 
Cymindis anomaeus, description of, xiv. 
195 
fusula, xiv. 188 
Cynips, xv. 419 

of Lin. XV. 364 

eggs of, XV. 423 

fagi, gall of, XV. 429 

galls produced by, xv. 425 

ficus caricffi, xv. 424 

food of, xiv. 68 

glecome, gall of, xv. 429 

psenes, xv. 424 

querciis folii, gall of the, xv. 

427 
gall produced by, xv. 427 
Cynthia, description of, xiv. 227 
Cyphicerus, (Schoe.) xv. 57 
Cyphomyia, {Wied.) xv. 699 
Cyphon, {Fab.) xiv. 328 
palustris, xiv. 329 
Cyrtus, {Lnt.) xv. 692 



Dacne, proper, {Lat.) xiv. 402, 420 

Dacus, {Fab.) xv. 71G 

Dakar, {Deg.) xiv. 561 

Damoiselles, what called, xv. 304. 312 

Danai festivi, xv. 583 

Danais, {Fab.) xv. 586 

Dapsa, {Zieg.) xv. 157 

Daptus, description of, xiv. 208 

pictus, xiv. 208 

vittatus, xiv. 208 
Darcacerus, {Dej.) xv. 102 
Darnis, {Fab.) xv. 225 

camelus, xv. 260 
Dascillus, {Lat.) xiv. 327 
Dasycerus, {Brong.) xv. 87 
Dasygastrae, {Cuv.) xv. 384 
Dasygnathus, where placed, xiv. 469 
Dasypoda, {Laf.) xv. 382 
Desypogon, {Meig.) xv. 690 
Dasytes, xv. 35 

{Fab.) xiv. 340 

caeruleus xiv. 340 
Dasyus, {Serv.) xiv. 482 
Death's head moth, xv. 677 
Death watch, xiv. 351 
Decatoma, {Lat.) xv. 699 
Delphax, {Fab.) xv. 224 
Deltoides, {Lat.) xv. 620 
Demetrias, description of, xiv. 195 
Dendari, (proper) xiv. 557 
Dendarus, xiv. 556 
Dendroides, {Lat.) xv. 28 
Dendrophagus, {GyU.) xv. 95 
Dendrophilus, {Leach) xiv. 389 
Denticrura, description of, xiv. 294 
Deracanthiis, {Schoe.) xv. 56 
Derbe, {Fab.) xv. 224 
Dermaptera of Kirby, xv. 179. 229 
Dermeste a oreilles, xiv. 411 
Dermestes, xiv. 379. 403. 420 

{Fab.) xiv. 401. 405; xv. 87, 
88 

{Geoff.) xiv. 391. 402. 426 

{Lin.) xiv. 340. 401, 402. 404; 
XV. 84 

adstrictor, xiv. 318 

affinis, xiv. 404 

atomarius, xv. 168 

emarginatus, xiv. 405 

hirtus, xiv. 340 

laniarius, xiv. 404 

lardarius, xiv. 404 

means of removing, xiv. 422 

Megatoma, xiv. 405 

murinus, xiv. 404 

pellio, xiv. 405 

rufitarsis, xiv. 407 

scarabsBoides, xiv. 432 

serra, xiv. 406 



INSECTA. 



251 



Dermestes subfasciatus, xiv. 406 
tessellatus, xiv. 404 
trifasciatus, xiv. 404 
undatus, xiv. 404, 405 
violaceus, xiv. 347. 377 
vulpinus, xiv. 404 
where found, xiv. 421 
Desmocerus, (of Dej.)xv. Ill 
Dermoptera, description of, xiv. 26 
Dexia, {Meig.) xv. 709 
Dialyta, xv. 713 
Diaperales, xv. 2. 7 
Diaperis, xv. 2 

Boleti, xv. 8 

nigro-punctatus, xv. 8 

proper, {Geoff.) xv. 3 

whence named, xv. 8 
Diaphorus, xv. 696 
Diapria, {Latr.) xv. 368 
Diasomus digitatus, xiv. 461 
Diateina holymeno'ides, xv. 774 
Dibolia, (Lot.) xv. 142 
Dicerea, xiv. 357 
Dicerous, insects called, xiv. 41 
Dices, (Dej.) xv. 32 
Dicheles, {Lep. Sf Serv.) xiv. 488 
Dicrania, {Lep. Sf Serv.) xiv. 485 
Dicranoura, {God.) xv. 612 
Dictya, {Fab.) xv. 716 
Diesia, xiv. 542 

Diggers, description of, xiv. 197 ; xv. 374 
Diglobicerus, xiv. 342 
Dinaelateroides, xiv. 322 
Dilophus, {Meig.) xv. 689 
Dinetus, {Jzir.) xv. 376 
Dineutes, xiv. 253 
Dinidor, sub-genus of, xv. 218 
Dioctria, (Meig.) xv. 691 
Dinodes rufipes, xiv. 225 
Dionaea muscipula, xv. 771 
Dionix, {Dej.) xv. 166 
Diopsii, {Lin.) xv. 715 
Diopsis brevicornis, xv. 774 

fasciata, xv. 773 
Diosomus, {Dalm.) xiv. 460 
Diphucephala, {Dej.) xiv. 482 
Diploleparias, xv. 363 
Diplolepis, {Fab.) xv. 366 

{Geoff.) XV. 364 
Diplopides, of Geoffroy, xv. 419 

Diploptera, xv. 379 
Dipsa, {Fall.) xv. 714 
Diptera, the, xv. 681 

description of, xiv. 28 

duration of life of, xv. 723 

eyes of, xiv. 45 

larvae of, xv. 724 

regions of the back of, xiv. 51 

muscles of, xiv. 54 



Diptera, metathorax of, xiv. 1 1 

respiration of, xiv. 74 

stigmata of the thorax of, xiv. 12 

sucker of, xiv. 40 

supplement on the, xv. 721 

wings of, xiv. 16 
Dircese, tarsi of, xv. 11 
Dircsea of Fab. xv. 16, 17. 18 

barbata, xv. 24 

ruficollis, XV. 23 
Discaelius, {Laf.) xv. 381 
Dissectors, what called, xiv. 404 
Ditichocera, {Kir.) xv. 107 
Ditoma chloroticus, xiv. 208 

vittiger, xiv. 208 
Ditomus bucephalus, larva of, xiv. 198 

calydanius, xiv. 206 

description of, xiv. 206. 274 
Diurna, xv. 582 
Dixa, {Meig.) xv. 686 
Dog-flies, what named, xv. 775 
Dolichocera, xv. 714 

Childreni, xv. 65 
Dolichoceres, xv. 712 
Dolichopi, the, xv. 755 
Dolichopides, xv. 695 
Dolichopus, {Lat.) xv. 695 

ungulatus, xv. 755 
Dolichurus, {Latr.) xv. 376 
Dolichus, description of, xiv. 221 

proper, xv, 696 
Donacia, xv. 125 

{Fab.) XV. 123 

crassipes, xv. 133 
Donaciae, xv. 121. 133 
Dorcacerus, xv. 98 
Dorcadion of Dalman, xv. 109 
Dorcatoma, {Herbst.) xiv. 350 

Dresdensis, xiv. 351 
Doritis, {Fab.) xv. 584 
Dorthesia, xv. 37 
Dorylas, {Fab.) xv. 372 
Doryphora, (/;^;g.) xv. 139 

princeps, xv. 149 
Dung-beetles, what called, xiv. 507 
Dragon-flies, respiration of, xiv. 74 

wings of, xiv. 16 
Dragon-fly, experiment upon eyes of, 
xiv. 46 
lenses in the eye of a, xiv. 48 
Drapetes, {Meg. Dej.) xiv. 317 

castaceus, xiv. 317 
Drapetis, {Meig.) xv. 692 
Diepana, xv. 612 
Drilus, {Oliv.) xiv. 335 

ater, xiv. 3.37 

ruficollis, xiv. 337 

subflavus, xiv. 336 
Diomias, description of, xiv. 195 

Kk 2 



252 



INDEX. 



Drouiica tuberculata, xiv. 265 
Drummer, what called, xv. 186 
Dryinus, {Lat.) xv. 367 
Drymela, {Meig.) xv. 711 
Drvomyza, xv. 714 
Dryops, {Fah.) xv. 19, 20 
of Olivier, xiv. 410 
(Payk.) XV. 14 
(Schoenh.) xv. 19 
affinity with gyrini of, xiv. 409 
picipes, xiv. 411 
(proper) (OUv.) xiv. 411 
Dryopthorus, xv. 63 
Drypta emarginata, xiv. 192 

description of the, xiv. 192 
Dryptae, related with Cychrus, xiv. 191 
Dynastes, lenses in the eye of a, xiv. 48 
Dyschirius, description of, xiv. 204 
Dytilus, (Ftsch.) xv. 19 
Dyctioptera, (Lat.) xiv. 330 
Dynastes, type of, xiv. 470 
Dytisci, xiv. 433 
Dytiscus, xiv. 424 

(Lin.) xiv. 429 
abbreviatus, xiv. 248 
aciculatus, xiv. 247 
adspersus, xiv. 248 
agilis, xiv. 248 
ater, xiv. 248 
bimaculatus, xiv. 248 
bipunctatus, xiv. 248 
bipiistulatiis, xiv. 248 
castalis, xiv. 247 
chalconatus, xiv. 248 
cinereus, xiv. 248 
circumflexus, xiv. 247 
confluens, xiv. 249 
crassicornis, xiv. 250 
depressus, xiv. 249 
description of, xiv. 243, 244 
dorsalis, xiv. 249 
duodecim-pustulatus, xiv. 249 
erythrocephalus, xiv. 249 
fenestratus, xiv. 248 
fuliginosus, xiv. 248 
fulvus, xiv. 250 
fuscus, xiv. 248 
geminus, xiv. 249 
general description of, xiv. 281 
granularis, xiv. 249 
griseus, xiv. 247 
griseus, where found, xiv. 90 
guttatus, xiv. 248 
halensis, xiv. 249 
hyalinus, xiv. 248 
hyberni, xiv. 247 
impressus, xiv. 250 
insequalis, xiv. 249 
interruptus, xiv. 248 



Dytiscus Isevigatus, xiv. 247 
lateralis, xiv. 247 
latissimus, xiv. 246 
Leander, xiv! 248 
lineatus, xiv. 249 
lituzatus, xiv. 249 
maculatus, xiv. 248 
marginalis, xiv. 245. 246 
marmoreus, xiv. 248 
minutus, xiv. 248 
nigrita, xiv. 249 
obliquus, xiv. 250 
(proper) xiv. 246 
palustris, xiv. 249 
picipes, xiv. 249 
pictus, xiv. 249 
planus, xiv. 249 
punctatus, xiv. 247 
reticulatus, xiv. 249 
Ra;selli, xiv. 247 
ruficollis, xiv. 247 
serricornis, xiv. 247 
sex-pustulatus, xiv. 249 
stagnalis, xiv. 248 
stagnalis quatuor-vittatus, xiv. 

247 
sticticus, xiv. 247 
sulcatus, xiv. 247 
transversalis, xiv. 247, 248 
tripunctatus, xiv. 247 
varius, xiv. 248 
vittatus, xiv. 247 
zonatus, xiv. 248 



Earwig, the common, xv. I7I 

the common, description of, xv. 
182 
Earwigs, description of, xv. 181 

pylorus of, xv. 180 
Eccoptogaster, {Herbsf.) xv. 82 
Echinomya, (Dum.) xv. 707 
Eciton, (Lat.) xv. 372 

hamata, xv. 516 
Ecomerus, (Zeig.) xv. 705 
Edessa, (Fabr.) xv. 217 

amethystina, xv. 218 

papillosa, xv. 218 
Egeria, xv. 598 
Engis, (Fab.) xiv. 402 
Elampus of Spinola, xv. 370 
Elaphorus, (Fab.) xiv. 426 

crenatus, xiv. 426 
Elaphri, description of, xiv. 280 
Elaphrus, (Fab. OUv.) description of, 
xiv. 240 

aquaticus, xiv. 240 

biguttatus, xiv. 240 

description of, xiv. 238 



INSECT A. 



253 



Elaphrus cupreus, xiv. 239 

impressus, xiv. 242 

paludosus, xiv. 239. 242 

riparius, xiv. 239 

rupestris, xiv. 242 
Elater, (Fab.) xiv. 319 

{Li7i.) xiv. 314. 3)8 

seneus, xiv. 321 

auratus, xiv. 363 

aureolus, xiv. 36'3 

Borealis, xiv. 322 

buprestoides, xiv. 313. 359 

castaneus, xiv. 321 

clavicornis, xiv. 318 

cinctus, xiv. 322 

cruciatus, xiv. 321 

cupreus, xiv. 320 

denticornis, xiv. 319 

dermestoi'deSj xiv. 318 

equestris, xiv. 317 

fascicularis, xiv. 320 

ferrugineus, xiv. 321 

flabellicornis, xiv. 320 

fuscus, xiv. 317 

gernianus, xiv. 321 

hsematodes, xiv. 320 

Isevigatus, xiv. 317 

linearis, xiv. 322 

lusciosus, xiv. 363 

noctilucus, xiv. 320. 362 

occulatus, xiv. 363 

ovalis, xiv. 317 

pectinicornis, xiv. 320 

phosphorus, xiv. 363 

(proper) xiv. 320 

ruficollis, xiv. 321 

striatus, xiv. 315 

iindulatus, xiv. 315 

what called, xiv. 359 
Elaterides, xiv. 314 
Elateroides, xiv. 359 

{Schceff.) xiv. 353 
Eledona, {Latr.) xv. 5. 9 
Elenophorus, {Meg. 8f Dej.) xiv. 547 
Elephastomus, {Mad.) xiv. 465 
Eleutherata, description of the, xiv. 

170 
Elmis, {Lat.) xiv. 41 1 
Elodes, {Lat.) xiv, 328 
Elophori, xiv. 444 

Elophorus, {Fabricms) xiv. 425, 426 ; 
XV. 85 

aquaticus, xiv. 445 

brevis, xiv. 426 

elongatus, xiv. 426 

marinus, xiv. 426 

minimus, xiv. 426 

pygmaeus, xiv. 426 
Elpenor sphinx, xv. 597 



Embia, {Lat.) xv. 347 
Emesa filum, xv. 244 
Empides, the, xv. 753 
Empis, {Lin.) xv. 691 
Empusa, {Illig.) xv. 172 
Enceladus, description of, xiv. 198 

gigas, xiv. 199 
Encynetus, xiv. 328 

hjemorrlioi'dalis, xiv. 328 
Encyrtus, {Lat.) xv. 367 
Endomychus, {Weh.)x\. 157 
Endromis, xv. 609 
Engidites, xiv. 402 
Engis, of Fabricius, xiv. 400 
Enicodes, xv. 117 
Enoplium, {Lat.) xiv. 347 
Enterides, hepatic conduits of, xiv. 308 
Entimus, xv. 57 
Entodon, {Dalm.) xv. 367 
Entomostracea, thorax of, xiv. 10 
Epeolus, {Lat.) xv. 385 
Ephemera, {Lin.) xv. 296 

eggs of, xiv. 79 

eyes of, xiv. 45 

instinct of, xiv. 67 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 22. 81 

why named, xv. 313 

females of the, xv. 320 

food of, XV. 316 

gills of, xiv. 75 

great numbers of, xv. 315 

habits of the, xv. 314 

larvae of the, xv. 321 

motions of the, xv. 318 
Ephydra, {Fall.) xv. 711 
Epiphasis cornutus, xiv. 364 
Epippium, {Meig.) xv. 700 
Epicharis, {Kliig.) xv. 387 
Epistenia ceruleate, xv. 432 

of Mr. Westwood, xv. 432 
Epitragi, xiv. 558 
Epitragus, {Lat.) xv. 12 
Epomis, description of, xiv. 225 

circumscriptus, xiv. 225 

gorgi, xiv, 276 
Erebus, {Latr.) xv. 613 
Erioptera, {Meig.) xv. 686 
Eriphia, {Meig.) xv. 711 
Eristales, the, xv, 760 
Eristalis, {Fab.) xv. 705 

{Lat.) XV. 704 

{Meig.) XV. 702 

intricarius, xv. 42. 44 
Erodius, {Fab.) xiv. 544 

bilineatus, xiv. 544 

gibbus, xiv. 544 

levigatus, xiv. 544 

proper, {Latr.) xiv. 544 
Erotylus, {Fab.) xiv. 402 ; xv. 155 



254 



INDEX. 



Erycina, {Lat.) xv. 592 

Xanthippe, xv. 677 
Ethiopian ant, xv. 446 
Eubria, {Zieg.) xiv. 328 
Eucera proper, xv. 386 
Euceree, of America, xv. 386 
Eucharis, xv. 364 

{Lat.) XV. 365 
Euchraeus, of Latreille, xv. 369 
Euchlora, {Mad.) xiv. 484 
Eucnemis, {Arh.) xiv. 316 

capucinus, xiv. 316 
Eudamj'chus, (Fab.) xv. 157 
Euglossae, (Lat.) xv. 388 
EuloDa, of Fallen, xv. 226 
Eulophus, (Geoff.) xv. 367 
Eumenes, (Lat.) xv. 380 

proper, xv. 381 
Euraenia, (Fab.) xv. 590 

Childrense, xv. 677 
Eumolpiis, XV. 147 

(Fab.) XV. 138 

vitis, XV. 138. 147 
Euniorphus, xv. 157 
Euparia, xiv. 459 

castanea, xiv. 459 
Eupelix, (Germ.) xv. 226 
Eupehnus, (Dahn.) xv. 366 
Euploca, (Fab.) xv. 586 
Euplocamus, (Lat.) xv. 625 
Euplectus, (Leach) xv. 167 
Eupoda, XV. 121 

supplement on the, xv. 125 
Euprosopi, resembling the Cindelae, xiv. 

178 
Euprosopus, description of the, xiv. 

177 

quadrinotatus, xiv. 178 
Eurhinus, (Kirby) xv. 54 

(Schaen.) xv. 61 
Eurybia, (Illig.) xv. 591 
Eurycephalus niger, xv. 119 

new subgenus of, xv. 119 
Eurychile, description of the, xiv. 181 
Eurychora, (Thunb.) xiv. 547 
Eurychorus, xiv. 565 
Eurynotus of Mr. Kirby, xiv. 557 

muricatus, xiv. 557 
Euryope, (Dalvi.) xv. 138 
Euryptera, of M. Guerin, xv. 260 
Eurypus, (Kirb.) xiv. 344 

rubens, xi^. 344 
Eurysternus, xiv. 454 

of M. Dalman, xiv. 459 
Eurytoma, (Illig.) xv. 366 
Eusthenia spectabilis, xv. 348 
Euthycera, (Lat.) xv. 714 
Evaestheti, xiv. 305 
Evaesthetus, description of, xiv. 294 



Evaststhetus scaber, xiv. 294 
Evania, (Fab.) xv. 359 
Evaniales, xv. 359. 406 
Exophthalmus, (Lat.) xiv. 322 
Eyprepia, (Ochs.) xv. 611 



Feronia, description of, xiv. 212 

(Leach) xv. 719 
Figites, (Lat.) xv. 364 
Figulus, xiv. 501 
Fiscipennes, xv. 628 
Forbicina, description of, xiv. 145 
Forficula Brasiliensis, xv. 184 

pylorus of, xv. 180 
Forficulas, eyes of, xiv. 171 
Formica, xv. 434 

of Linnaeus, xv. 371 
emarginata, xv. 464 
fuliginosa, xv. 444. 446 
Formica-leo, xv. 324 
proper, xv. 371 
quotation from Virgil, xiv. 34 
rufa, XV. 435. 464. 480 
rufa, acid of, xv. 489 
Formicae rufae, habitation of, xv. 436 
Formicariae, larvae of the, xv. 450 
Flata, (Fab.) xv. 224 
Flea, common, remarks upon the, xiv. 
156 
penetrating, xiv. 156 
metamorphosis of the, xiv. 83 
without metamorphosis, xiv. 21 
Fleas, description of the, xiv. 154 
garden, xv. 153 
general remarks upon the, xiv. 

165 
little carriage drawn by, xiv. 167 
parasitical insects, xiv. 166 
wonderful structure of, xiv. 168, 
169 
Flesh-fly, deceived by smell, xiv. 103 
deposits its eggs in flowers, xiv. 
43 
Flies, the, xv. 773 

nymphae of, xiv. 22 
tarsi of, xiv. 65 
Fly-bug, XV. 243 
Fly, the domestic or common, xv. 767 

the, (hop) XV. 161 
Fcenus, xv. 359 

proper, (Fab.) xv. 360 
habits of, xv. 406 
Forficula, of Oliv. XV. 179 
(Lin.) XV. 171 
description of XV. 181 
auricularia, xv. I7I. 181 
minor, xv. I7I 
Forked-tails, what named, xv. 418 



INSECTA. 



255 



Fossores, xv. 373 

Fulgora lanternaria, xv, 258 

nigromaculata, xv. 260 

pallida, xv. 260 

punctata, xv. 259 
Fulgorae, description of the, xv. 258 

proper of Fab. xv. 223 
Fulgorella, xv. 223 
FungicolsB, XV. 156 
Fungivora, xv. 687 



Gad-fly, the, xv. 763 
Galba, {Lat.) xiv. 316 
Galerita, description of, xiv. 193 

{Fab.) description of, xiv. 199 

Africaiia, xiv. 193 

depressa, {Fab.) xiv. 199 

fasciolata, xiv. 191 

flejus, {Fab.) xiv. 199 

hirta, xiv. 191 

occidentalis, xiv. 193 

olens, xiv. 1 90 

Schupelii, {Dej.) xiv. 199 
Galeruca, xv. 141 

Calmariensis, xv. 150 

nymphese, xv. 150, 151 

tanaceti, xv. 150 
GalerucitsB, xv. 140 

the leaping, xv. 141 
Galerucse, xv. 149 
Galgulus, {Latr.) xv. 221 
Galleria, {Fab.) xv. 624 

alvearia, xv. 624 

cereana, xv. 563. 624 
Gallicolse, {Lat.) xv. 363. 419 
Gallinsecta. xv. 228 
Gall insects, xv. 274 
Gardener, the, xiv. 234 
Gastropacha, {Ochsenheimer) xv. 606 
Geniates, xiv. 477 

barbatus, xiv. 478 
Genuchus, xiv. 496 
Geocorisae, xv. 217 

food of, XV. 232 

the sheath of the sucker of, xv. 
230 
Georissi, xiv. 423 
Georissus, xiv. 410 

{Lat.) xiv. 412 

pygmseus, xiv. 412 
Geometres, what called, xv. 579 
Geometricians, what called, xv. 637 
Geomyza, of Fallen, xv. 713 
Geophilus, of Dr. Leach, xiv. 135 

longicornis, xiv. 135 

maritimus, xiv. 135 
Geotrupes, xiv. 507 

{Fab.) xiv. 466. 470. 475 



Geotrupides, {Mad.) xiv. 460 
Geotrupes arata, xiv. 466 

bicolor, xiv. 469 

boas, xiv. 469 

depressus, xiv. 471 

didymus, xiv. 471 

dispar, xiv. 463 

excavatus, xiv. 476 

Momus, xiv. 463 

QJgeon, xiv. 469 

orphnus, xiv. 469 

oryctes, xiv. 470 

phalangista, xiv. 463 

proper, {Lat.) xiv. 463 

rhinoceros, xiv. 469 

silenus, xiv. 469 

stentor, xiv. 469 

stercorarius, xiv. 259. 463 

valgus, xiv. 471 

vernalis, xiv. 464 
Geotrutes, xiv. 462 
Geron, xv. 693 
Gerris, {Lat.) xv. 221 

description of, xv. 245 

lacustris, xv. 246 

laticauda, xiv. 248 

where found, xv. 232 
Gibbium, {Scop.) xiv. 349 
Glaphyrus, {Latr.) xiv. 487 
Glaucopis, {Fab.) xv. 600 
Globaria, xiv. 427 

Leachii, xiv. 428 
Globicornis, {Latr.) xiv. 407 
Gloma, {Meig.) xv. 692 
Glomeris, description of, xiv. 129 

marginata, 130 
Glossata, {Fab.) xv. 577 
Glow-worm, phosphoric secretion of, 

xiv. 73 
Gnathesia glabra, xiv. 545 
Gnathium, {Kirb.) xv. 34 
Gnathocera, xiv. 496 
Gnats the, xv. 726 

food of, XV. 727 

gills of, xiv. 75 

instinct of, xiv. 67 

larvae of, xv. 735 

moulting of larvae of, xv. 736 

nymph of, xv. 737 

prolific nature of, xv. 734 

quotation from Spenser respect- 
ing, XV. 730 

where found, xv. 731 
Gnoma, {Dej.) xv. 104 

of Fab. XV. 109 

ruficollis, XV. 104 

sanguinea, xv. 104 

suturalis, xv. 120 
Gnovista, {Meigen.) xv. 687 



256 



INDEX. 



Goliath, {Lam.) xiv. 494 

what called, xiv. 529 

of Lamarck, where found, xiv. 
93 
Goliathidae, xiv. 492 
Gomphocerus, xv. 177 

Sibiricus, xv. 177 
Gonatopus, (Kliig.) xv. 367 
Gonia, {Meig.) xv. 708 
Gonitis, {Jur.) xv. 376 
Goniodes, peculiar to the Gallinacea, 

xiv. 153 
Goniopleura, xv. 149 

auricoma, xv. 149 
Gonopus, Lat.) xiv. 554 
Gonypus, (Lat.) xv. 691 
Gorytes, (Lat.) xv. 378 
Graine d'ecarlate, xv. 291 
Gramma, the, xv. 588 
Grandipalpi, description of, xiv. 230 
Graphipterus, description of the, xiv. 

185 
Graphiptera, where found, xiv. 92, 93 

not found in Spain or Italy, 
xiv. 184 
Grass-hoppers, muscles of, xiv. 54 

what, XV. 202 

where found, xv. 203 
Grinding-insects, mouth of, xiv. 8 
Gryllo-talpse, (Lat.) xv. 174 

description of, xv. 192 
Gryllo-talpa, digestive organ of, xv. 180 

resemblance of, xv. 196 

stomachs of, xv. 179 
Gryllus, xv. 192 

of Fabricius, xv. 202 

of Fabricius, habits of, xv. 204 

{Geoff. S; Oliv.) xv. 174 

of Lin. xv. 173 

acheta, (Fab.) xv. 192 

acrida, xv. 176 

jEgyptius, xv. 177 

bulla, XV. 176 

bulla, {Lin.) xv. 177 

campestris, XV. 187- 196, 197 

campestris, description of, xv. 
198 

caerulescens, xv. 177 

carinatus, xv. 176 

cristatus, xv. 214 

domesticus, xv. 197 

dux, XV. 214 

gallinaceus, xv. 176 

general name of, xv. 202 

lineola, xv. 177 

locusta, XV. 176 

locusta, of Linnaeus, xv. 202 

migratorius, 177- 214 

monster, xv. 175 



Gryllus monticollis, xv. 215 

pedester giornse, xv. 177 

proper, xv. 1 76 

striaculus, xv. 177 

tataricus, xv. 177 

tetigonia, xv. 175 

umbraculatus, xv. 174 
Gymnetis, of Macleay, xiv. 495 
Gynmomyza, {Fall.) xv. 717 
Gymnomyzides, xv. 716 
Gymnopleurus, {Ill'ig.) xiv. 453 
Gymnosomia, {Meig.) xv. 708 
Gypona, of M. Germal, xv. 226 
Gyrini, general description of, xiv. 285 

eyes of, xiv. 45 

size and habits of, xiv. 251 
Gyrinus, description of, xiv. 243. 250 

bicolor, xiv. 253 

minutus, xiv. 253 

natator, xiv. 252 

politus, xiv. 253 
Gyropi, female, xiv. 153 
Gyropus, food of the, xiv. 152 



Haematopota, {Meig.) xv. 697 
Halictus, {Lat.) xv. 382 
Haliplus, description of, xiv. 250 
Hallomeni, tarsi of, xv. 23 
Hallomenus, (Payk.) xv. 17 
Haltica, {Geof.) xv. 141 
Hamaticerus, xv. 104 
Hamaxobium, xiv. 328 
Hammionus, {Miihf.) xiv. 322 
Hammonie, {Cuv.) xiv. 324 
Haplides, xiv. 484 
Harpali, conical appendages of the, xiv. 

Harpalus of M. Bonelli, xiv. 208 

analis, xiv. 209 

anthracinus, xiv. 214 

aterrimus, xiv. 214 

binotatus, xiv. 209 

caliginosus, xiv. 209 

circumfuscus, xiv. 212 

description of, xiv. 209 

flavilabris, xiv, 209 

coUaris, xiv. 242 

heros, xiv. 209 

livens, xiv. 223 

luridipennis, xiv. 212 

megacephalus, xiv. 208 

nigrita, xiv. 214 

prasinus, xiv. 267 

ruficornis, xiv. 209 

saponarius, xiv. 210 

tardus, xiv. 209 

viduus, xiv. 223 
Harpers, what called, xv. 255 



INSECTA. 



257 



Harpy ia, (Ocks.) xv. 612 

Hedobia, xiv. 349 

Hedychrum, xv. 370 

Hegeter, (Lat.) xiv. 545 

Heleomyza, (Fall.) xv. 714 

Helcon, {Nees d' Es.) xv. 363 

Helicani, xv. 583 

Heliconia Cyrene, xv. 674 

Heliconius, (Latr.) xv. 586 

Helicorni, xv. 583 

Heliophili, xiv. 557 

Heliophilus, of Dejean, xiv. 557 

Helix nemoialis, xiv. 336 

Helluo, of Bonelli, xiv. 271 
of Brazil, xiv. 191 
costatus, xiv. 191 
description of the, xiv. 191 
pleuracanthus, xiv. 272 
sulcipennis, xiv. 272 
v/here found, xiv. 94 

Helodes, (Fab.) xv. 140 

Heloeus, (Lat.) xv. 6 
Brownii, xv. 6 
where found, xv. 9 

Helophilus, (Meig.) xv. 702 

Helophoridea, (Leach) xiv. 425 

Helopii, XV. 1 1 

Helops, XV. 10. 21 

(Fab.) XV. 12, 13, 14. 19 
aterrimus, xv. 22 
glaber, xiv. 559 

Helorus, (Latr.) xv. 368 

Helwigia, xv. 361 

Hemelytra, what so called, xiv. 17 

Hemerobia, eyes of, xiv. 45 
flight of, XV. 331 
larvae of, xv. 270 

HenaerobicTB, eggs of, xiv. 79 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 81. 83 

Hemerobini, xv. 298 

Hemerobius, (Lin.) xv. 299. 300 
longicornis, xv. 331 
maculatus, xv. 299 
larvae of the, xv. 324 
pulsatorius, xiv. 381 
fulvicephalus, xv. 299 
why named, xv. 328 

Hemerodromia, (Hoff) xv. 692 

Hemipeplus, xv. 27 

Hemiptera, the, xv. 216 
corslet of, xiv. 12 
description, of. xiv. 27 
eyes of, xiv. 45 
hearing of, xiv. 56 
metamorphosis of, xiv. 81, 82 
neuters among, xiv. 78 
organ of suction of, xiv. 40 
second family of, xv. 221 
supplement on the, xv. 229 
Cuv. Index. 



Hemiptera, why named, xv. 229 
Hemirhipus, (Lat.) xiv. 320 
Henaps, (Ulig.) xv. 692 
Hepiales asellus, xv. 610 

bufo, XV. 610 

testudo, XV. 610 
Hepialites, xv. 601. 603 
Hepialus, (Fab.) xv. 603 

humuli, XV. 603 
Hepiolus, XV. 603 
Hercules, (ant so called,) xv. 446 
Heriades, (Spin.) xv. 384 
Hermes, sub-genus of, xv. 332 
Hermetia, (Lat.) xv. 699 
Hermina, (Lat.) xv. 620 
Hesperia, (Fab.) xv. 593 

malvae, xv. 593 

rurales, (Fab.) xv. 582 
Hesperies, (Lin.) xv. 591 
Hesperi sphinges, xv. 595 
Heteroceri, xiv. 423 
Heterogyna, xv. 370. 434 
Heterocerus, xiv. 409 

lasvigatus, xiv. 410 

marginatus, xiv. 410 
Heteromera, xiv. 538 
Heteroptera, xv. 217 
Heteroscelis, xv. 217 

(Lat.) xiv. 554 
Heterotoma, xv. 219 
Heterotarsus, (Lat.) xiv. 563 
Hexaphyllum, xiv. 536 

Brasiliensis, xiv. 536 
Hexapode insects, stigmata of, xiv. 3 
Hexapodes, majority of insects, xiv. 4 
Hexapod insects, segments of abdomen 
of, xiv. 9 

insects, thorax of, xiv. 10. 1 1 
Hexatoma, (Lat.) xv. 686 

(Meig.) XV. 698 
Hexodon, (Oliv.) xiv. 472 

what have relations with, xiv. 
515 
Hexogonia, (Kirby) where to be placed, 

xiv, 197 
Hilara, xv. 691 
Hippobosca, (Lin.) xv. 719 

equina, xv. 719 

ovina, xv. 719 
Hippobosci, the, xv. 775 

bite of the, xv. 777 
llippoboscus, generation of the, xv. 77<> 

nearly full-grown at their birth, 
xiv. 33 

ovoviparous, xiv. 77 
Hirmoneura, xv. 694 
Hispa, XV. 143 

{Lin.) XV. 135 

atra, xv. 136 
L 1 



258 



INDEX. 



Hispa mutica, xiv. 560 

mystacina, xiv. 327 

proper, xv. 136 

spinipes, xv. 136 
Hister, xiv. 386. 388. 413; xv. 66 

{Fab.) xiv. 301 

cadaveriims, xiv. 414 

flavicornis, xiv. 389 

glabratus, xiv. 391 

globosus, xiv. 390 

hispidus, xiv. 390 

minutus, xiv. 390 

oblongus, xiv. 389 

picipes, xiv. 389 

proboscideus, xiv. 389 

proper, xiv. 388 

punctatus, xiv. 389 

sinuatus, xiv. 387 

striatus, xiv. 390 

sulcatus, xiv. 390 

unicolor, xiv. 389 
Histeroi'des, xiv. 386 
Hithyia, {Fab.) xv. 626 
Hcemonia, {Meg.) xv. 123 
Holliymenia, {Lepel Sf Serv.) xv. 218 
Hololepta, xiv. 388 
Holoptilus, {Lep. S^ Serv.) xv. 220 
Homalura, {Meig.) xv. 7^7 
Homoptera, bite of, xv. 222 
Homotenes, what so called, xiv. 7 
Hoplia, (Illlg.) xiv. 485 

formosa, xiv. 485 
Hoplides, xiv. 528 
Hopliae, by whom named, xiv. 528 
HopHtus, description of, xiv. 250 
Horia, xv. 38 

{Fab.) XV. 31 

caiitharis, xv. 38 
Horiales, xv. 30 
Hornet, the, xv. 517 
Humble-bees, xv. 567 

dwellings of, xiv. 119 

insect on, xv. 42 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 118 

society of, xiv. 1 14 
Hybleea, (Fab.) xv. 620 
Hyboma, xiv. 454 
Hybos, (Meig.) xv. 691 
Hybosorus, {Mad.) xiv. 466 
Hybotini, xv. 691 
Hycleus, {Lat.) xv. 32 
Hydaticus, xiv. 247 ; xv. 62 

marraoratus, xiv. 284 
Hydera, xiv. 410 
Hydrachna, description of, xiv. 248 

gibba, xiv. 249 

Hermanni, xiv. 248 

ovalis, xiv. 249 

scripta, xiv. 249 



Hydrachna uliginosa, xiv. 248 
Hydrsena, {Illlg.) xiv. 426 

{Kugel) xiv. 426 

longipalpis, xiv. 426 

margipallens, xiv. 426 

riparia, xiv. 426 
Hydrobius, xiv. 431 

griseus, xiv. 431 

luridus, xiv. 431 

melanorephalus, xiv. 431 

scarabaeoides, xiv. 431 

truncatellus, xiv. 431 
Hydrocampe, (Lai.) xv. 623 
Hydrocanthari, xiv. 433 

description of, xiv. 243 
Hydrochus, (Germ.) xiv. 426 
HydrocorisEe, the, xv. 221. 248 
Hydrometra, the, xv. 244 

of Fabr. XV. 221 

habits of, xv. 245 

where found, xv. 232 
Hydromyzides, xv. 711 
Hydrophili, xiv. 433 

extraordinary change in food of, 
xiv. 66 

manner of laying its eggs,xiv. 435 

larva of, xiv. 443 
Hydrophilus, (D. G.) xiv. 426 

of GeofFroy, xiv. 424 

ater, xiv. 430 

brown, prey of dytiscus, xiv. 247 

caraboides, xiv. 434 

olivaceus, xiv. 430 

piceus, xiv. 429. 434 

properly so called, xiv. 429 

proper, of Dr. Leach, xiv. 430 

rufipes, xiv. 430 
Hydroporus, description of, xiv. 249 
Hydroptila, of Mr. Dalman, xv. 302 
Hydroiis, of Dr. Leach, xiv. 429 
Hygrobia, description of, xiv. 248 
Hylecoetus, (Lat.) xiv. 353 

dermestoides, xiv. 353 
Hylesinus, (Fab.) xv. 82 
Holobius, XV. 59 
Hylceus, {Fab.) xv. 381 

proper, (Lai. Sf Fab.) xv. 382 
Hylotoma, (Lai.) xv. 356 

enodis, larvae of, xv. 403 

rosae, xv. 402 
Hylotomae, larvae of, xv. 402 
Hylurgus, (Lat.) xv, 82 
Hymenoptera, xv. 353 

aculeata, xv. 379 

description of, xiv. 27 

eyes of, xiv. 45 

food of, xiv. 67 ; XV. 395 

masticating insects, xiv. 40 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 



INSECTA. 



259 



Hymenoptera, metathorax of, xiv. 1 1 

neuters among, xiv. 77 

nymphse of, xiv. 21 

peculiar characters of, xv. 391 

regions of the back of, xiv. 51 

shield of, xiv 17 

stigmata of the thorax of, xiv. 
12 

sting of females of, xiv. 18 

supplementary segments of, xiv. 3 

supplement on the, xv. 389 

tegula of, XV. 578 

wings of the, xiv. 15 
Hypantus, xv. 58 
Hypera, {Germ.) xv. 59 
Hyphydrus, description of, xiv. 249 

lyratus, xiv. 249 
Hypocera, xv. 717 
Hypophlaeus, xv. 8 

(Fab.) xiv. 561 ; xv. 4 

boros, xiv. 561 
Hypulus, (Payk.) xv. 18 



Ibalia, (Latr.) xv. 361 
Ichneumon, xv. 407 

de Laponie, xv. 404 

{Lin.) XV. 360 

aphidum, xv, 418 

organs of touch of, xiv. 64 

fly, XV. 429 

habits of the female, xv. 410 

luteolus, XV. 418 

proper, xv. 362 

rufus, larvae of, xv. 417 

utility of the, xv. 408 
Ichneumonidse, larvae of, xv. 407 
Ichneumonides, the, xv. 360- 406 

larvae of, xv. 581 
Ichneumons, eggs of, xv. 415 

galls of, XV. 421 
Idea, {Fab.) xv. 586 

{Meig.) XV. 710 
Imatidium, xv. 136 
Incendula, what called, xiv. 366 
Insects, brief description of, xiv. 38 
Ips, of Degeer, xv. 82. 89 

{Fab.) xiv. 400 

{Oliv.) xiv. 402 ; xv. 4. 84 

with what classed, xv. 8 

with what confounded, xiv, 420 
Irenseus, {Leach) description of, xiv. 

296 
Isocerus, {Deg.) xiv. 557 
Issus, {Fab.) XV. 224 
luli, description of, xiv. 129 

feet of, xiv. 139 

long growth of the, xiv. 126 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 



luli, parts of generation of, xiv. 18 

proper, description of, xiv. 130 

stigmata of the, xiv. 125 
lulus araneoides, xiv. 134 

copulation of the, xiv. 128 

complanatus, xiv. 131 

depressus, xiv. 131 

fasciatus, xiv. 130 

Indus, xiv. 130 

maximus, xiv. 130. 140 

ovalis, xiv. 1 30 

sabulosus, xiv. 130 

slight notice of the genus, xiv. 
137 

stigma, xiv. 131 

terrestris, xiv. 130 

food of the, xiv. 140 

tridentatus, xiv. 131 

with pencilled tail, xiv. 131^ 



Jalodis, xiv. 357 
Jarpeada, (cochineals) xv. 280 
Jassus, {Fab.) xv. 226 
Joppa, {Fab.) xv. 362 



Kakerlacs, what called, xv. 406 
Kermes, {Geoff.) xv. 274 

habits of the, xv. 286 

harvest of, xv. 290 

three different states of, xv. 289 

ulrni, XV. 293 

the young, xv. 288 



Labidus, {Jur.) xv. 372 

Labourers, what called, xv. 333. 340 

Lacophilus, {Leach.)xiv. 248 

Lady-birds, xv. 160 

Lady-cow, xv. 161 

Lsedie, {Cuv.)xiv. 320 

Lsena, {Meg.) xv. 14 

Lcemosthenus, {Bon.) description of, 

xiv. 220, 221 
Lagria, xv. 35 

{Fab.) xv. 27 

hirta, xv. 35 

metallonotus, xv. 35 
Lagriarise, xv. 26 
Lamellicornes, xiv. 446 
Lamia, xv. 97- 106 

(Fab.) XV. 108 

aedilis, xv. 108 

curculionoi'des, xv. 109 

funesta, xv. 109 

lugubris, XV. 109 

nebulosa, xv. 109 

tristis, XV. 109 
Ll 2 



260 



INDEX. 



Lamia, where placed, XV. 118 
Lamiae, of Fab, xv. 109 

where found, xiv. 88 
Lamiarias, xv. 107 
Lamprias, description of, xiv. 196 
Lamprima, (Latr.) xiv. 498 

Humboldti, xiv. 499 

{Schcen.)_ xiv. 499 
Lampyri, hepatic vessels of, xiv. 308 
Lampiris, (^Lin.)xv. 27 
Lamprosoma, (Kirb.) xv. 138 
Lampryas ruficeps, xv. 272 
Lampyris, (Lin.) xiv. 329 

Italica, xiv. 332 

Italica, experiments upon, xiv. 
368 

noctiluca, xiv. 334 

plumicornis, xv. 333 

proper, xiv. 334 

sanguinea, xiv. 330 

splendidula, xiv. 333, 334 

what called, xiv. 306 
Languria, (Lat.) xv. 155 
Laphria, {Meig.) xv. 690 
Larra, {Jiir.) xv. 370 
Larrates, (Cuv.) xv. 376 
Lasiocampa, xv. 006 
Lasioptera, (Meig.) xv. 686 
Lasius, (JVied.) xv. 693 
Latridius, (Deg.) xv. 123 

{Herbs.) XV. 87 
Lathrobia, xiv. 304 
Lathrobium, description of, xiv. 292 

elongatum, xiv. 293 
Lauscania, (Lat.) xv. 717 
Leapers, the, xv. 135. 173 
Lebia, description of, xiv. 190 

dorsalis, xiv. 272 
Ledra, xv, 224. 226 
Legionaries, (neuters of red ants,) xiv. 

120 
Leias, (Meig.) xv. 688 
Leiodes, (Lair.) xv. 4 
Leioides, xiv. 445 
Leistus, description of, xiv. 236 

cseruleus, xiv. 237 

rufescens, xiv. 237 
Lema, of Fab., xv. 123 
Lepidoptera, xv. 577 

antennae of the nocturnal, xv. 
721 

anterior stigmata of, xiv. 12 

description of, xiv. 27 

the diurnal, xv. 582 

diurnal, eyes of, xiv. 45 

food of, xiv. 67 

food of caterpillars of, xiv. 66 

holes near the eyes of, xiv. 5 

instinct of, xiv. 67 



Lepidoptera, larvae of, xv. 578 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 83 

mouth of, xiv. 40 

nymphse of, xiv. 21 

pterygodes of, xiv. 28 

regions of the back of, xiv. 51 

size of, xiv. 96 

supplement on the, xv. 630 

thorax of, xiv. 11 

where found, xiv. 93. 95 
Lepisia, {Lepel Sf Serv.) xiv. 484 
Lepisma, description of the, xiv. 143. 
145 

Forbicini, xiv. 145 

polypoda, xiv. 145 

saccharina, xiv. 145 

sugar, xiv. 145 

thezeana, xiv. 145 

vittata, xiv. 145 
Lepisme, banded, xiv. 145 

Forbicine cylindrique, xiv. 145 
Lepismense, description of the, xiv. 143 
Lepitrix, {Lep. S^- Serv.) xiv. 489 
Leptides, the, xv. 754 

wings of, XV. 694 
Leptis, {Fab.) xv. 695 

scolopacea, xv. 754 

vermileo, xv. 754 
Leptocera, {Dej.) xv. 107 
Leptocerus, xv. 57 
Leptochire, {Germ.) description of, xiv. 

296 
Leptochirus scoriaceus, xiv. 296 
Leptocorisa, {Lat.) xv. 219 
Leptopodites, xv. 715 
Leptopus, {Latr.) xv. 220 
Leptosomus, xv. 57 
Leptotrachelus, description of the, xiv. 

189 
Leptura, xv. 106 

{Dej.) XV. 112 

(Fab.) XV. 20 

{Kirb.) XV. 112 

{Lin.) XV. 111. 123 

armata, xv. 112 

arcuata, xv. 105 

calcarata, xv. 112 

tomentosa, xv. 1 12 
Leptura, where found, xv. 120 
Lepturetse, xv. 110 
Lesteva, description of, xiv. 297 
Lethri, xiv. 507 
Lethrus, {Scop.) xiv. 462 

aeneus, xiv. 499 

cephalotes, xiv. 462. 507 
Leucospis, {Fab.) xv. 365 
Leucothyreus, {Mad.) xiv. 477 
Lexocera, {Lat.) xv. 713 
Lexoceres, xv. 712 



INSECTA. 



261 



Libellula, (Lin.) xv. 295 

depressa, xv. 311 
Libellulae, episternum of, xiv. 51 

food of the, XV. 304 

growth of, XV. 305 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 8] 

nymphs of, xv. 306 

parts of generation of, xiv. 18 

proper, xv. 296 

respiration of, xiv. 74 

stigma of tlie metathorax of, 
xiv. 3 

stigmata of, xiv. 4 ; xv. 309 
Libellulinse, instinct of, xiv. 67 
Libythea, (Fab.) xv. 589 
Lice, bird, xiv. 164 

description of the, xiv. 148 

general observations upon, xiv. 
157 

proper, description of the, xiv. 
149 
Licinse, conical appendages of the, xiv. 

174 
Licini, where found, xiv. 88 
Licinus, description of, xiv. 226 
Lierman, what called, xv. 255 
Ligniperdae, wliat called, xv. 348 
Limacodes, (Lot.) xv. 610 
Limnebius, of Dr. Leach, xiv. 431 
Limnobia, xv. 686 
Limnichus, xiv. 404 

(Zieg. Dej.) xiv. 405 
Limnius, {Illig.) xiv. 411 
Limulae, heart of, xiv. 2 
Lion of the Aphides, what called, xv. 

324. 329 
Lions des pucerons, xv. 329 
Lion-worm, xv. 755 
Liothea, female, xiv. 153 

tarsi of the, xiv. 152 
Liparis, xv. 609 
Liparus, xv. 59. 69 
Lipotena, {Nitz.) xv. 719 
Lipsa, (Lat.) xv. 710 
Liris, (Fab.) xv. 376 
Lissa, [Meig.) xv. 713 
Lissodes, (Lat.) xiv. 317 
Lissomus, (Dalm.) xiv. 317 

punctulatus, xiv. 317 
Lithobius, description of, xiv. 134 

the forked, xiv. 134 

variegatus IjEvikibrum, xiv. 134 
Lithophilus, {Frohl.) xv 158 
Lithosia, {Fab.) xv. 612 
Lithurgus, xv. 384 
Livia, (Latr.) xv. 266 
Lixus, XV. 69 

{Fab.) XV. 59. 63 

odontalgicus, xv. 72 



Lixus paraplecticus, xv. 70 

rhynchcenus, xv. 59 
Lobaederus, xiv. 364 

moniliformis, xiv. 365 
Locust, application of the name of, xv. 
202 

migratory, xv. 214 
Locusta, of Geoffroy, what, xv. 175. 202 

ceecums of, xv. 180 

dux, xiv. 258 

ephippiger, xv. 175 

migratoria, xv. 207 

tatarica, XV. 207. 214 

verrucivora, xv. 175 

viridissima, xv. 175 
Locustse, stomachs of, xv. 179 
Locusts, destruction of, xv. 213 

difference between nymph and 
larva of, xiv. 21 

fecundity of, xv. 212 

flight of, XV. 209 

fondness for drink, xiv. 70 

habits of the true, xv. 204 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 81 

migratory, xv. 176 

proper, what, xv. 202 

record of ravages of, xv. 206 

sound produced by, xiv. 76 

the true, xv. 202 
Lomechusa, description of, xiv. 299 

dentata, xiv. 299 

paradoxa, xiv. 299 
Lonchsea, {Fall.) xv. 717 
Lonchophorus, {Germ.) xiv. 456 
Lonchoptera, (Meig.) xv. 714 
Longicornes, xv. 97 
Longilabres, xv. 217 
Longipalpi, xiv. 293 
Longirostres, xv. 69 
Longitarsus, {Lat.) xv. 142 
Long-legs, what called, xv. 738 
Lophonocerus, {Lat.) xv. 102 
Lophosia, {Meig.) xv. 708 
Lophyrus, {Latr.) xv. 357 
Loricera, description of, xiv. 228 

aenea, xiv. 229 
Louse of the Buffalo, xiv. 150 

crab, xiv. 150 

the human body, xiv. 149 

the human head, xiv. 149 

of the pubis, xiv. 150 

of the stag, xiv. 150 
Lucane chdvre, xiv. 501 

chevreuil, xiv. 501 
Lucani, metamorphosis of the, xiv. 532 

what called by Pliny, xiv. 530 

description of the, xiv. 532 
Lucanidse, xiv. 496 
Lucanus, xiv. 497 



262 



INDEX. 



Lucanus carabo'ides, xiv. 501 

cervus, xiv. 500. 531 

female of, xiv. 533 

nebulosus, xiv. 499 

parallelipipedus, xiv. 501. 533 

(proper) {Lin.) xiv. 500 
Lucernuta, wliat called, xiv. 366 
Lucifuga, what named, xv. 184 
Lucifugous insects, wanting the choroid, 

xiv. 8 
Lucio, what named, xiv. 366 
Lucciola, xiv. 335 

what called, xiv. 366 
Luperus, {Geoff.) xv. 141 
Lycoperdina, {Fab.) xv. 1 57 
Lyctus, {Fah.) xv. 85, 86 
Lytta, {Fab.) x\. 32, 33 

{KUig.) XV. 33 
Lycus, {Fab.) xiv. 330 ; xv. 36 

aurora, xiv. 331 

bicolor, xiv. 331 

fasciatus, xiv. 331 

hepatic vessels of, xiv. 308 

latissimus, xiv. 330 

minutus, xiv. 86. 331 

proboscideus, xiv. 330 

rostratus xiv. 330 

reticulatus, xiv. 331 

serraticornis, xiv. 331 
Lyda, {Fab.) xv. 357 
Lygaei, the, xv. 242 

some without wings, xv. 230 
Lygaeus, {Fab.) xv. 219 

apterus, xv. 242 

grandis, xv. 242 

what referred to, xv. 218 
Lymexylon, {Fah.) xiv. 352, 353 

abbreviatum, xiv. ,353 

dermestoides, xiv. 353 

flabellicorne, xiv. 354 

flavipes, xiv. 353 

larvae of, xiv. 382 

morio, xiv. 353 

navalis, xiv. 353 

proboscideum, xiv. 353, 354 

proper, {Fab.) xiv. 353 
Lyrops, (//%.) xv. 376 
Lystra, xv. 223 

pulchra, xv. 260 
Lystronichus, {Lat.) xv. 15 



Macellarius, xiv. 405 
Machilis, description of, xiv. 144 
Machla, {Herbs.) xiv. 555 
Macraspis, {Mad.) xiv. 473 
Macrocephalus, of Olivier, xv. 05, 00 
Macrocera, {Meig.) xv. 687 
Macrochira, {Meig.) xv. 711 



Macrodactyla, xiv. 410 
Macrodactylus, {Lat.) xiv. 483 
Macrogaster abbreviatus, xiv. 353 
Macroglossum, xv. 597 
Macronota of Weidmann, xiv. 496 
Macronychus, {Miill.) xiv. 412 

quadrituberculatus, xiv 412. 
Macrorynus, {Schoe.) xv. 57 
Maechidius, xiv. 467 
Macropeza, {Meig.) xv. 686 
Macropus, {Tlumb.) xv. 108 
Meekistocera, {JViedmann) xv. 086 
Maggots, what vulgarly called, xv. 770 
JMalachi, description of the, xiv. 373 
Malachius, {Fab.) xiv. 340 
Malacoderme, xiv. 322 
Malacodermi, xiv. 309 
JMallophagi, what are called, xiv. 1 52 
Mallota, (Meig.) xv. 702 
Malthinus, {Lat.) xiv. 339 
Manticora, description of the, xiv. 176 
236 

maxillosa, xiv. 176 

pallida, xiv. 176 
Mantes, xv. 192 

{Fab.) XV. 300 

causta, XV. 190 

religiosa, xv. 172 

siccifolia, xv. 173 

whence named, xv. 187 

viatoria, xv. 189 
Mantispa, {Illig.) xv. 300 
Mars, XV. 589 
Masarides, {Lat.) xv. 379 
Masaris, {Fab.) xv. 379 
Masomelas, xiv. 322 
Mason-ants, proceedings of the, xv. 

443 
Mason-bees, xiv. 346 
Masons, what and why called, xv. 438 
Mastigocerus, {Kliig.) xv. 357 
Mastigus, xiv. 413 

{Hoff.) xiv. 385 

palpalis, xiv. 385 
May-bug, larva of, xiv. 447 
May-bugs, elytra of, xiv. IJ 
May-worms, xv. 39 
Meal-worm, the, xiv. 562 
Meat-fly, blue, ovoviparous, xiv. 77 

frequents the snake-root and 
taphelia, xiv. 60 
Mechanitis, {Fab.) xv. 586 
Medeterus, {Fisc.) xv. 696 
Megacephala, description of the, xiv. 
177 

Carolina, xiv. 263 
Euphratica, xiv. 177 
Mexicana, xiv. 263 
size of the, xiv. 181 



INSECTA. 



263 



Megacephali, xv. 696 
Megacephalus, xv. 175 
Megachile, {Lat.) xv. 381 571 

apiaria, xiv. 375 

muraria, xiv. 374 
Megaderus, {Dej.) xv. 102 
Megagnathus, {Mej.) xv. 88 
Megalodentes, {Latr.) xv. 357 
Megaloplithalmus, xiv. 371 
Megalopus, {Fah.) xv. 122 
Megarhinus, the genus, xv. 684 
Megascelis, {Dej ) xv. 124 
Megatoma, {Herbs.) xiv. 404 

{Lat.) xiv. 405 

rufitarsis, xiv. 407 

serra, xiv. 406 
Megilla, {Fah.) xv. 383 

muraria, xv. 526 
Melanarius, xiv. 214 
Melandrya, {Fah.) xv. 17 

arrangement of, xv. 22 
Melandryae, xv. 24 
Melanitis, {Fah.) xv. 589 
Melanophila, xiv. 358 
Melanophora, {Meig.) xv. 709 
Melasis, xiv. 313. 359 

bupvestoi'des, xiv. 313. 359 

elateroides, xiv. 313 

flabellicornis, xiv. 359 

picoa, xiv. 318 

spliondyloides, xiv. 318 

tuberculata, xiv. 316 
Melasoma, xiv. 539. 558 

supplement of, xiv. 564 
Melipona, xv. 388 
Melecta, {Lai.) xv. 386 
Melissodes, xv. 386 
Melitsea, {Fab.) xv. 587 
Melites, of Kirby, xv. 381 
Melitopliili, xiv. 490 
Mellinus, xv. 378 

oxybelus, xv. 378 
Melliturga, {Latr.) xv. 387 
Meloe, XV. 38, 39 

of Lin. xiv. 353 ; xv. 31, 32, 33 

Marci, xiv. 353 

cantiiarides distinct from, xv. 
46 

used for the cantharides, xv. 48 

peculiar formation of, xiv. 255 

properly so called, {Lin.) xv. 33 

proscarabseus, xiv. 153; xv. 43 

scarabseus, xv. 41 
Melolontha, xiv. 464. 471 

of Fab. xiv. 472. 474, 475. 489 

{Geoff.) XV. 137 

{Illii^.) xiv. 488 

{Oliv.) xiv. 488 

abdoniinalis, xiv. 341 



Melolontha sequinoctialis, xiv. 481 

Alpina, xiv. 488 

atra, xiv. 481 

atriplicis, xiv. 476 

Ankseteri, xiv. 481 

aurata, xiv. 484 

barbata, xiv. 472 

bicolor errans, xiv. 484 

bivulnerata, xiv. 482 

brunnea, xiv. 482 

castanea, xiv. 472 

chrysochlora, xiv. 516 

farinosa, xiv. 485 

ferruginea, xiv. 472 

fervida, xiv. 481 

Frischii, xiv. 484 

germinata, xiv. 472 

hippocastani, xiv. 480 

hololeuca, xiv. 481 

holosericea, xiv. 484 

Julii, xiv. 484 

chrysomelina, xiv. 464 

colaspido'ides, xiv. 483 

cornuta, xiv. 476 

crysochlora, xiv. 473 

cyanocephala, xiv. 484 

lanata, xiv. 478 

marginata, xiv. 484 

melanocephala, xiv. 472 

nigrifrons, xiv. 478 

obscura, xiv. 478 

Occidentalis, xiv. 481 

pallens, xiv. 472 

pilosa, xiv. 481 

pini, xiv. 481 

{Fab.) properly so called, xiv, 
479 

ruricola, 482 

ruficornis, xiv. 481 

signata, xiv. 472 

serrata, xiv. 481 

solstitialis, xiv. 481 

subspinosa, xiv. 483 

sulcicollis, xiv. 477 

variabilis, xiv. 482 

variegata, xiv. 482 

villosa, xiv. 480 

viridis, xiv. 484 

vitis, xiv. 484. 518 

vulgaris, xiv. 259. 519 
Melolonthae, xiv. 517 

food of, xiv. 68 
Melophagus, xiv. 150 

{Nitz.) XV. 719 
Melophila, {Nitz.) xv. 719 
IMelyrides, hepatic vessels of, xiv. 308 

where found, xiv. 373 
Melyris, {Fah.) xiv. 339. 341 

viridis, xiv. 341 



264 



INDEX. 



Membracis of Fabric! iis, xv. 224 

proper, (Fab.) xv. 225 

wings of, XV. 230 
Menelaus papilio, where found, xiv. 95 
Mergamerns, xv. \2(i 

Kingii, xv. 12G 
Meria, {lUig.) xv. 374 
Merodon, (Meig.) xv. 704 
Meryx, (Lat..) xv. 87 
Mesembrina, (Meig.) xv. 709 
Mesosa, of Meg. xv. 109 
Methoca, of Lat. xv. 373 
Metopius, (Pa))z.) xv. 362 
Microcepliala, fifth section of, xiv. 298 
Microcephalus, description of, xiv. 227 
Microdon, (Meig.) xv. 704 

englossoides, xv. 779 
Microgaster, (Lat.) xv. 3fJ3 
Micropeplus, description of, xiv. 297 

porcatus, xiv. 297 
IVIicropeza, (Meig,) xv. 715 
Microptera, description of, xiv. 28{> 
Midas, where found, xiv. 92 
Milesia, (Lnt.) xv. 704, 705 
Millipedes, approximate to many cms- 
tacea, xiv. 7 

description of, xiv. 124 

mouth of, xiv. 10 
Miltogramma, (Meig.) xv. 70)3 
Mimela of Mr. Kirby, xiv. 484 
Miopa nigripennis, xv. 779 
Miris, (Fah.) xv. 219 
Misocampe, (Lat.) xv. 360 
Miscophus, (Jtir.) xv. 377 
Misolampus, (Lat.) xiv. 552 
Mites, diseases produced by, xiv. 16! 

found on insects, xv. 44 
Mitosata, description of, xiv. 124 
Moine, what called, xiv. 509 
Mole-crickets, xv. 192 

whence named, xv. 19.3 
Molobrus, xv. 688 
Molops Corinthius, xiv. 214 

elatus, xiv. 216 

striolatus, xiv. 215 

terricola, xiv. 216 
Mollusca, remarks upon, xiv. 37 
Molorchus of Fab. xv. 106 

peculiar formation of, xiv. 255 
Moluris, (Lat.) xiv. 551 
Monachamnus, of Dej. xv. 109 
Monedula, (Lat.) xv.' 376 
Monk, what called, xiv. 509 
Monocheles, (Illig-) xiv. 486 
Monomera, xv. 168 
Monophleba of Dr. Leach, xv. 228 
Monotoma, xv. 84 

(Ilcrbst.) XV. 85 
Mordella, xv. 28. 36 



Mordella (IJn.) xv. 29 
Mordellonae, xv. 28. 36 
Morio, description of, xiv. 205 

Brasiliensis, xiv. 205 

monilicornis, xiv. 205 

Orientalis, xiv. 205 
Mormolyce, description of, xiv. 220 

phyllodes, xiv. 120 
Morphi, xv. 583 
Morpho, (Fab.) xv. 590 
Morpion, xiv. 150 
Mosillus, (Lai.) xv. 717 
Mostpiito, manners of the, xv. 751 
Mosquitos, XV. 733 
Moths, food of, xiv. 69 

proper, habits of, xv. 679 
Mouches k scie, xv. 397 

k corslet arme, xv. 758 

papilionacees, xv. 348 

scorpions, xv. 323 
Mulio, (Fab.) XV. 703, 704 

(A/«:g-.)xv. 694 
Murmidius, (Leach) xiv. 408 
Musca, XV. 707 

(Dcg.) XV. 710 

(Fab.) XV. 705 

of Linnseus, xv. 694. 701. 

711. 713. 757 

(Panz.) XV. 712 

Caesar, xv. 709 

cardui, xv. 716 

carnaria, xv. 709. TOd 

cellaria, xv. 711 

cerasi, xv. 716 

cynipsea, xv. 715 

cynophila, xv. 712 

domestica, xv. 709 

filiformis, xv. 715 

fnngorum, xv. 711 

grossa, XV. 707 

pluvialis, XV. 71 1 

proper, xv. 773 

proper, (Lin.) xv. 709 

pyrastri, xv. 761 

stercoraria, xv. 713 

tripilis, what called, XV. 407- 410 

vanitoria, xv. 709 

vibrans, xv. 716 
Muscae vibrantes, what named, xv. 

407 
Muscides, the, xv. 707- 767 

the larva; of the, xv. 768 
Mutilla, (Lat.) xv. 372 

of Linnaeus, xv. 372 

(female) without metamorphosis, 
xiv. 21 

Klugii, XV. 516 

(proper), xv. 372 
Myas, description of, xiv. 217 



INSECTA. 



265 



Myas chalybaus, xiv. 217 
Mycetobia, (Meig.) xv. fj88 
Mycetochares, (Lai.) xv. 16 
Mycetophagus, (Fab.) xiv. 3.97 ; xv. 17- 
86 

{G>jU.) XV. 87 

castaneus, xiv. 3fJ7 

proper, (Fab.) xv. 87 

spinipes, xiv. 397 
Mycetophila, (GyU.) xv. 16 

(Meig.) XV. 688 
Mycterus, xv. 20 

(Clairv.) XV. 20 
Mydas, proper, (Fab.) xv. 698 

stylet of, XV. 698 
Mydasii, (Lat.) xv. 698 
Mygalee, where found, xiv. 92 
Mygale, respiratory organs of, xiv. 6 
Mylabris, xv. 41. 50 

(Geoff.) XV. 53 

(OUv.) XV. 32 

(Schceff.) XV. 20 

cantharides, distinct from, xv. 46 

used for cantharides, xv. 48 

chirorii, xv. 47- 51 

the Chinese employ, xv. 47 

pustulata, XV. 50 

where found, xiv. 94 
Mvlabrum of Fab. xv. 32 
Mylcechus, (Latr.) xiv. 398 
Myniops of Schcenherr, xv. 58 
Myodites, xv. 37 

{Lat.) xv. 28 
Myodocha, (Latr.) xv. 219 
Myopa, (Fab.) xv. 706 
Myorhinus, (Schcen.) xv. 60 
Myosodus, xiv. 216 
Myriapoda, description of, xiv. 124 

jaws of, xiv. 9 
Myriapodes, approximate to many Crus- 
tacea, xiv. 7 

mouth of, xiv. 10 
.Myriapods, abdomen of, xiv. 18 

a passage from insects to Crus- 
tacea, xiv. 136 

description of, xiv. 26 

dwelling of, xiv. 137 

sketch of metamorphosis in, xiv. 
22 
Myrina, (Fab.) xv. 592 
Myrmecoda, (Lai.) xv. 373 
Myrmecodes Australia, xv. 516 
Mermecophila, xv. 175 
Myrmeleon, xv. 298 

erythrocephalum, xv. .327 

larvae of the, xv. 324 
Myrmeleonides, xv. 298 
Myrmex, what called, xv. 43.'> 
Myrmica, (Latr.) xv. 371 

Cuv. Index. 



Myrmica emigrations of, xv. 453 

instinct of, xv. 443 
MyrmicEB, what called, xv. 4.35 
Myrmice hamata, xv. 503 
Myrmosa of Latr. xv. 373 
My-stacida, xv. 302 
'My zine,( Latr.) xv ,374 



Nabis, (Lat. J xv. 220 
Naucores, xv. 248 
Naucori, where found, xv. 232 
Naucoris, (Geoff.) xv. 221 
Nebria, description of, xiv. 237 

arenaria, xiv. 2.37 

Borealis, xiv. 239 
Necrobia, (Lat.) xiv. 346 

classification o(^ xiv. 376 

violacea, xiv. 347 
Necrodes, xiv. 418 

(Wilk.) xiv. 394 
Necrophihis, (Lat.) xiv. 397 
Necrophori, xiv. 415 

larva of, xiv. 418 
Necrophorus, (Fab.) xiv. 391 

fierrnanicus, xiv. .393 

grandis, xiv. 393 

humator, xiv. 39.3 

mortuorum, xiv. 39.3 

vespillo, xiv. 393. 416 
Necydalis, (Fab.) xv. 19. 20 

(Geoff.) xiv. 339 

(Lin.) xiv. 352 ; xv. 37. 106 

brevicornis, xiv. 352 

proper, xv. 106 
Negra, (cochineals,; xv. 280 
Neides, (Lat.) xv. 219 

(Za/.;of what composed, xv. 241 

tipularia, xv. 242 
Nematocera, (Meig.) xv. 686 
Nematodes, xiv. 319 
Nematopus rufoscutellatus, xv. 241 
Xemestrina, (Lat.) xv. 694 
Xemestrinee, the, xv. 754 
Nemocera, the, xv. 682. 721 
Nemocerae, xv. 725 
Nemognathus, (Lat.) xv. 34 

jaws of, XV. 46 
Neinoptera Africana, xv. 324 

(Latr.) XV. 297 

extensa, xv. 324 

where found, xiv. 92 
Nemoptera, the, xv. 324 
Nemosoma, (Desmar.) xv. 84 
Xemotelus, (Geoff.) xv. 700 
N'emoura, (Lat.) xv. 301 
Nepa, of Linn£BUs, xv. 221. 248 

cinerea, xv. 249 

proper, (Lat.) xv. 222 

M m 



266 



IXDEX. 



Nepas proper, labrum of, xv. 249 

where found, xv. 232 
Nephortoma, [Meig.) xv. 685 
Nepides, xv. 221 
Neptis, [Fab.) xv. 589 
Nerii sphinx, xv. 597 
Nermomyia, (Nitzch.) xv. 719 
Neuroptera, xv. 294 

description of, xiv. 27 
eyes of, xiv. 45 
masticating insects, xiv. 40 
metamorphosis of, xiv. 81, 8"2 
neuters among, xiv. 78 
nymphffi of, xiv. 21 
supplement on the, xv. 303 
Nigidius, xiv. 501 
Nilio, (Lat.) xv. 6 
Nilo, where found, xv. 9 
Nirmi, {of Hermann) xiv. 152 
Nirmidea, {Leach) xiv. 150 
Nirmus, a name adopted from Hermann, 
xiv. 164 
description of the, xiv. 150 
Nitela, {Lat.) xv. 377 
Nitidula. xiv. 399 ; xv. GQ 
(GylL) xiv. 391 
{Herhst.) xiv. 401 
(OZw.)xiv. 400, 401 
senea, xiv. 401 
grisea, xiv. 420 
orbiculata, xiv. 404 
(proper,) {Fab.) xiv. 401 
viridescens rufipes, xiv. 401 
why named, xiv. 419 
what resemble, xiv. 419 
Nitidularia, xiv. 398 
Noctiluca, what called, xiv. 366 
Noctua, XV. 614 

{Fab.) XV. 613 
absinthii, xv. 616 
Artemisise, xv. 616 
chrysitis, xv. 616 
gamma, xv. 615 
pacta, xv. 615 
Patroclus, xv. 594 
sponsa, XV. 615 
verbasci, xv. 616 
Nocturna, xv. 601 
Nomada, (Fab.) xv. 385 
Nomia, {Lat.) xv. 382 
Nosodendron, {Lat.) xiv. 407 
Notacantha, the, xv. 698. 757 
Noterus, description of, xiv. 249 
Nothus, (Zieg.) xv. 19 
Notiophilus, description of, xiv. 240 
Noctualites, xv. 613 
Notoclea, marsh, xv. 140 
Notodonta, {Ochs.) xv. 610 
palpina, xv. 610 



Notoneeta, {Lin.) xv. 222 

glauca, XV. 251 

minima, xv. 251 

habits of the, xv. 251 
Notonectes, where found, xv. 232 
Notonectides, xv. 222 
Notopeda, elater, xiv. 314 

what called, xiv. 359 
Notoxi, XV. 38 
Notoxus, {Fab.) xiv. 345 

of Geoff. XV. 30 

how allied to odacantha tripus- 
tulata, xiv. 189 

Illigeri, xiv. 342 

minutus, xiv. 386 
Notophila, {Fab.) xv. 711 
Nyctelia, {Lat.) xiv. 544 
Nycteribia, {Lat.) xv. 720 
Nycteribise, the, xv. 778 
Nycteus, {Lat.) xiv. 328 
Nymphales, xv. 583 
Nymphalis, {Lat.) xv. 589 

Annetta, xv. 676 

chrysites, xv. 675 

pitheas, xv. 675 

Thamyris, xv. 675 
Nymphipara, xv. 718 
Nysson, {Lat.) xv. 377 
Nyssoniani, xv. 377 
Nymphes, {Leach) xv. 299 

Obrium, {Meg. Dej.) xv. 105 
Occitanus, where found, xiv. 96 
Ochthebius, {Leach) xiv. 426 
Ochina, xiv. 350 

hederiB, xiv. 350 
Ochodseus, {Meg.) xiv. 464 
Octogonotes, xv. 141 
Ocydromia, {Hoff.) xv. 691 
Ochtera, (Lat.) xv. 711 
Ocyptera, {Meig.) xv. 708 

the, XV. 771 

bicolor, XV. 772 

cassidse, xv. 772 
Odocantha, description of, xiv. 193 

cynocephala, xiv. 189 

dorsalis, xiv. 189 

melanura, xiv. 189. 270 

tripustulata, xiv. 189 
Odonata, xv. 294 
Odonptera palpina, xv. 614 
Odontaeus, {Ziegl.) xiv. 465 
Odontomachus, {Lat.) xv. 371 
Odontomyia, {Meig.) xv. 700 
Odynerus, {Lat.) xv. 380 

habits of, xv. 524 
CEcophora, {Lat.) xv. 627 
CEdalia, (Meig.) xv. 691 
(Edemera, (Fab.) xv. 106 



INSECTA. 



267 



(Edemera, (Oliv.) xv. 19. 20 

classification of, xv. 24 

distinguislied from cantharides, 
XV. 45 
CEdemerse, salivary vessels of, xv. 11 
CEmerites, xv. 18 
CEdionychis, (Lot.) xv. 142 
CEdipoda, xv. 177 
CEgus, xiv. 501 
(Enas, (Oliv.) xv. 32 
OEstrides, xv. 705 
CEstrus, (Lin.) xv. 701. 705 

the, XV. 763 

bovis, XV. 765, 766 

food of, xiv. 69 

hasmorrhoi'dalis, xv. 764 

hominis, xv, 766 

ovis, XV. 764 
Oiceptoma, xiv. 395 
Oides, {Weber) xv. 141 
Oiketicus Kirbyi, xv. 679 
Olites, {Fab.) xv. 714 
Olyntha, {Mr. Gray) xv. 347 

Brasiliensis, xv. 347 
Omalia, xiv. 306 
Omalium, description of, xiv. 296, 297 

macropterum, xiv. 298 

ovatum, xiv. 297 

porcatum, xiv. 297 

rugosiun, xiv. 297 

staphylinoides, xiv. 297 
Omalisus, {Geoff.) xiv. 331 

suturalis, xiv. 331 
Omalopia, {Dej.) xiv. 482 
Omaloptera, {Leach) xv. 717 
Omalus, {Jur.) xv. 367 
Omaseus, xiv. 214 

elongatus, xiv. 215 

melanarius, xiv. 215 
Ometis, {Lat.) xiv. 474 
Omias, xv. 58 
Ommatius, {Illig.) xv. 691 
Omopliron, description of, xiv. 238 

limbatus, xiv. 279, 280 
Oinophronla, head of the, xiv. 174 
Omus Californicus, xiv. 263 
Oniscus pustulatus, xiv. 130 

zonatus, xiv. 130 
Oniticellus, xiv. 455 
Onitis, xiv. 455 

{Fab.) xiv. 456 

what comprehended under the 
name, xiv. 506 

where found, xiv. 92 
Onthophagus, {Lat.) xiv. 455 
Onthophilus, xiv. 389, 390 
Oodes, description of, xiv. 224 
Opatrini, xiv. 557 
Opatrinus, xiv. 556 



Opatrum, xiv. 569 ; xv. 9 

{Fab.) xiv. 559 

granulatum, xiv. 341 

sabulosum, xiv. 560. 570 
Ophionsea, description of the, xiv. 189 
Ophion, {Fab.) xv. 361 
Ophions, of Fabricius, xv. 418 
Ophiusa scapulosa, xv. 614 
Ophoni, anatomical peculiarity of, xiv. 

207 
Ophonus, description of, xiv. 210 
Opilo, {Lat.) xiv. 345 
Opili, xiv. 374 

Oplognathus, {Kirbij) xiv. 473 
Orchesia, {Lat.) xv. 16 
Orchestes, {IlUg.) xv. 61 
Orgyia, {Ochs.) xv. 609, 610 

gnostigma, xv. 610 
Orneodes, xv. 629 
Ornithomyia, {Lat.) xv. 719 

{Leach,) xv. 719 
Ornithomyise, the, xv. 778 
Orobitis, xv. 62 
Orsodacna, xv. 125 

{Lat.) XV. 122 

chlorotica, xv. 126 
OrsodacnsB, xv. 126 
Ortalis, {Fall.) xv. 716 

paludium, xv. 716 
Orthiorynchus, xv. 58 
Orthocastes, {Germ.) xv. 63 
Orthocerus, xiv. 570 

{Lat.) xiv. 560 
Orthogonius, description of, xiv. 197 

Hopei, xiv. 273 
Orthoptera, description of, xiv. 26 ; xv. 
169 

of Olivier, xv. 229 

corslet of, xiv. 12 

eyes of, xiv. 45 

hearing of, xiv. 56 

leaping division of, xv. 192 

masticating insects, xiv. 40 

mesothorax of, xiv. 51 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 81, 82 

muscles of, xiv. 54 

palpi of, xiv. 9 

size of, xiv. 96 

stomachs of the, xv. 179 

supplement on the, xv. 178 
Orthorapha cassidioides, xv. 263 
Ortocheile, {Lat.) xv. 696 
Oryctes, {Illig.) xiv. 468 

type of, xiv. 509 
Oryssus, {Lat.) xv. 358 
Oscines, food of, xiv. 68 
Oscinis, {Lat.) xv. 714 
Osmia, {Lat.) xv. 571 

{Panz.) XV. 384 

M m'2 



268 



INDEX. 



Osmia cserulescens, xv. 573 

fulviventris, xv. 575 
Osmylus, {Latr.) xv. 299 
Osorius, description of, xiv. 295 
Osphya, {lUig.) xv. 19 
Otiocerus, antennae of, xiv. 41 

or Kirby, xv. 223 
Ourapteryx, {Leach) xv. 619 
Oxsena, description of, xiv. 205 

Braziliensis, xiv. 274 

brunnea, xiv. 205 

dentripes, xiv. 205 

goniotropis, xiv. 2/4 

Gyllhenalii, xiv. 205 

Rogeri, xiv. 205 
Oxea, {Kliig.) xv. 386 
Oxiuri, {Latr.) xv. 367 

the, XV. 434 
Oxura, {Kirh.) xiv. 552 

setosa, xiv. 552 
Oxybelus, {Lat.) xv. 377 
Oxycera, {Meig.) xv. 700 
Oxycheila, description of the, xiv. 177 

binotata, xiv. 264 

distigma, xiv. 264 

tristis, xiv. 177 
Oxygnathus, description of, xiv. 203 

elongatus, xiv. 203 
Oxypori, xiv. 304 
Oxyporus abdominalis, xiv. 299 

analis, xiv. 299 

bipustulatus, xiv. 299 

chrysomelinus, xiv. 299 

description of, xiv. 290 

lunulatus, xiv. 299 

marginatus, xiv. 299 

marginellus, xiv. 299 

maxillosus, xiv. 290 

merdarius, xiv. 299 

pygmseus, xiv. 299 

rufipes, xiv. 299 

subterraneus, xiv. 299 

suturalis, xiv. 299 
Oxypterum, {Leach) xv. 719 
Oxystomus, description of, xiv. 203 

cylindricus, xiv. 204 
Oxyteli, xiv. 305 
Oxytelus, xiv. 295 

Oxytelus, {0!iv.) description of, xiv. 
296 

bicornis, xiv. 296 

penicillatus, xiv. 296 



Pachychnemus, xiv. 489 
Pachyderes, ruficollis, xiv. 364 
Pachygaster, {Meig.)xv. 701 
Pachylis, {Lep. c^- Ser.) xv. 218 



Pachymere, {Lep. 4- Ser.) xv. 219 
Pachymosa iEsculapius, xiv. 506 
Pachypus, {Dej.) xiv. 475 
Pachyrhynchus, xv. 58 
Pachysoma, xiv. 452 

Hippocrates, xiv. 506 
Pachystomus, {Laf.) xv. 698 
Pachyta, {Meg.) xv. 112 
Paecilonotiis, xiv. 357 
Pseciloptera, {Lat.) xv. 224 

antica, xv. 260 
Psecilus, description of, xiv. 213 
Paelobius, description of, xiv. 248 
Palarus, {Lat.) xv. 376 
Palm-weevil, xv. 80 
Palpadores, where placed, xiv. 385 
Palpicornes, xiv. 424. 433 
Pamborus, description of, xiv. 230 

alternans, xiv. 230 
Pamphagus, {Thunh.) xv. I76 
Pamphilus, {Latr ) xv. 357 
Pamphedron, {Lat.) xv. 378 
Panache jaunatre, xiv. 336 
Panagee k quatre taches, xiv. 228 
Panagaeiis, description of, xiv. 228 
Pangonia, {Lat.) xv. 697 
Panaps, {Lamarck) xv. 692 
Panorpa, {Lin.) xv. 297 

proper, {Lat.) xv. 298 

rufa, XV. 324 
Panorpae, of the, xv. 323 
Paiiorpatae, (Latr.) xv. 297 
Panurgus, {Panx.) xv. 383 
Papilio, of Linnaeus, xv. 582 

Alexanor, xv. 584 

Alexis, XV. 592 

Antiopa, xv. 587 

Apollo, XV. 585 

Atalanta, xv. 588 

bombyliformis, xv. 598 

brassicae, xv. 585 

C. album, xv. 588 

cardui, xv. 588 

cardui, where found, xiv. 90 

cardumines, xv. 585 

Children^, xv. 673 

Chrysippus, where found, xiv 
92 

Cleopatra, xv. 585 

Cleopatra, where found, xiv. 88 

cleotas, XV. 673 

crataegata, xv. 632 

daplidice, xv. 585 

farinalis, xv. 623 

fuciformis, xv. 598 

graminis, xv. 616 

hyale, xv. 585 

hvsipyle, xv. 585 

lo, XV. 588 



INSECTA. 



269 



Papilio lo, represented by Kirby and 
Spence, xiv. 42 

Jason, XV. 589, 590 

Lavinia, xv. 594 

leilus, XV. 594 

lemnata, xv. 623 

Machaon, xv. 584 

napi, XV. 585 

noctua, XV. 596. 608, 609. 611, 
612.615. 617 

nymphalis, xv. 586 

nympheata, xv. 623 

Orontes, xv. 594 

paludata, xv. 623 

pelicani, xv. 586 

Phidippus, XV. 590 

pinguinalis, xv. 623 

podalirius, xv. 584 

polychloros, xv. 588 

potamogata, xv. 623 

Priamus, where found, xiv. 96 

rapae, xv. 585 

rhamnai, xv. 585 

riphseus, xv. 594 

rumina, xv. 585 

sinapis, xv. 585 

stellatarum, xv. 598 

stratiolata, xv. 623 

urticffi, XV. 588. 631. 670 

urticae, tongue of, xv. 633 

urticse, description of figure of, 
xiv. 47 
Papiliones, Danai candidi, xv. 585 

Danai festivi, xv. 586 

equites, xv. 683 

milites, xv. 590 

plebei, xv. 591 

plebei urbicolae, xv. 593 
Papillons bourdons, (Degeer) xv. 595 

estropies, xv. 593 
Paragus, (Lat.) xv. 703 
Parandra, (Lat.) xv. 99. 113 
Parasita, description of tlie, xiv. 26. 

148 
Parmena, of Meg, xv. 109 
Parnasii, xv. 583 
Parnassius, {Lat.) xv. 584 
Parnus, of Fabricius, xiv. 410, 411 

acuminatus, xiv. 411 

obscurus, xiv. 412 
Parnopes, (Latr.) xv. 369 
Paropsis, xv. 140 
Pasimaclius, description of, xiv. 200 

Mexicanus, xiv. 274 
Pasites, xv. 385 
Passali, description of, xiv. 537 
Passalus, {Fab.) xiv. 502 

of Olivier, xiv. 497 

interruptus, xiv. 537 



Passalus, wiiere found, xiv. 94 
Passandra, xv. 93 

{Dalm.) XV. 88 

fasciata, xv. 94 
Patellimani, description of, xiv. 221 
Patrobus, description of, xiv. 229 
Paussus, {Lin.) xv. 83 
Pavonia, xv. 590 

morpho, xv. 590 
Pavarii, xv. 583 
Paxillus, xiv. 502 
Paxylloma, {Brebisson) xv. 360 
Pedicia, {Lat.) xv. 685 
Pediculea, {Leach) xiv. 149 
Pediculi corporis, xiv. 163 

diseases produced by, xiv. 161 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 

proper, xiv. 164 
Pediculus, {Lin.) xv. 717 

description of the, xiv. 148, 149 

ardeae, xiv. 151 

corvi coracis, xiv. 151 

humanus corporis, xiv. 149 

humanus capitis, xiv. 149 

melittae, xiv. 153; xv. 42, 43, 
44 

pavonis, xiv. 151 

(properly so called) xiv. 152 

pubis, xiv. 150 

resembles an acarus, xiv. 162 

stermae hirundinis, xiv. 151 

suis, xiv. 150 

tinnunculi, xiv. 151 

vespertilionis, xv. 779 
Pedilus, {Fisch.) xv. 19 
Pedini, (proper) xiv. 558 
Pedinus, {Lat.) xiv. 556 
Pelecinus, {Latr.) xv. 359 
Pelecium, description of, xiv. 227 

cyanipes, xiv. 227 
Pelecocera, {Hoff.) xv. 705 
Pelidnota, {Mad.) xiv. 473 
Pelocophorus, xiv. 342 
Pelocotoma, {Fisch.) xv. 29 
Pelogonus, {Lat.) xv. 220 
Pelopseus, {Fab.) xv. 378 

{Lat.) XV. 376 
Pelophila, description of, xiv. 238 
Pelor, {Bon.) description of, xiv. 21 1 
Peitastes, {Illig.) xv. 362 
Peltes, {Fab.) xiv. 400 
Peltis, {Fab.) xiv. 346 

{Geoff.) xiv. 390. 394. 398 
Pemelise, where found, xiv. 96 
Pentamera, tarsi of the, xiv. 172 
Pentamerous coleoptera, xiv. 308 
Pentaphyllus, xv. 3 
Pentatoma, xv. 217 

baccarum, xv. 235 



270 



INDEX. 



Pentatoma belulae, xv. 234 

grisea, xv. 772 

ornata, xv. 236 
Peiithetria, (Meig.) xv. GS'J 
Penthimia, (Germ.) xv. 226 
Pepsis, (Fab.) xv. 375 

apicalis, xv. 516 
Percus eijenus, xiv. 217 
Perga of Dr. Leach, xv. 355. 402 

scutellata, xv. 402 
Pericalus, description of, xiv. 219 

cicindelo'ides, xiv. 219 
Perilampus, xv. 366 
Perla of GeofFroy, xv. 301 

with what confounded, xv. 347 
Perlides, xv. 300 
Petalocheiris Pariss, xv. 220 
Petauristes, (Lat.) xv. 123 
Petits porte-queue, les, xv. 592 
Petrobius, description of, xiv. 144 

maritimus, xiv. 145 
Phaedon, (Meg.) xv. 140 
Phagiocephalus tubularis, xv. 774 
Phalacri, (Pat/Jc.) xv. 66 
Phalaena, the, xv. 601. 602. 678 

alpinalis, xv. 623 

alucites, xv. 628 

antiqua, xv, 679 

a six ailes, xv. 619 

attacae, xv. 605 

betularia, xv. 602 

bombyx caja, xiv. 49 

bombyx crategata, xiv. 49 

bombyx geom. grossulariata. 
xiv. 49 

bombyx hibricepeda, xiv. 48 

brumata, xv. 619 

Cynthia, xv. 605 

falcataria, xv. 613 

forficalis, xv. 623 

grossulariata, xv. 619 

hexadactyla, xv. 632 

hirtaria, xv. 602 

lacertinaria, xv. 613 

margaritalis, xv. 623 

margaritaria, xv. 619 

mineus, xv. 605 

prodromia, xv. 602 

proper, xv. 619 

purpuraria, xv. 623 

pyralides, xv. 620. 622 

sambucaria, xv. 619 

sanguinalis, xv. 623 

scalaris, xv. 605 

tinea semiargentella, xv. 632 

syringaria, xv. 619 
Phalenae, xv. 348 

tortrices, xv. 616 

the large shouldered, xv. 616 



Phalaenites, xv. 618 
Phalseri, xiv. 445 
Phalarcrus, (Pay^.) xv. 155 
Phalene de I'eclair, xv. 230 
Phalenes tipules, xv. 628 
Phaleria, xv. 7 

(Lat.) XV. 2 

bicolor, XV. 3 

peltoides, xv. 3 
Phanseus, (Mad. ) xiv. 456 
Phania, xv. 709 

Phasgonophora sulcata, xv. 433 
Phasfa, (Meis.) xv. 708 
Phasmaof Fab. xv. 173 

arrangement of, xv. 191 

gigas, XV. 191 

rossia, xv. 173 

where found, xiv. 96 
Phatvpterix, (Lacep.) xv. 612 
Phengodes, (Hoffm.) xiv. 333 
Philanthus, (Fab.) xv. 379 

(Jur.) XV. 379 
Phileremus, (Latr.) xv. 385 
Phileurus, (Lat.) xiv. 470 
Philopteri, biliary vessels of the, xiv. 

153 
Philopterus, proper to birds, xiv. 152 
Phlaea, (Lep. et Ser.) xv. 218 
Phleboptera, what called, xv. 391 
Phoberus, xiv. 467 
PhcEnicocerus, Dejeanii, xv. 103 

(Lat.) XV. 103 
Pholidotus, (Mad.) xiv. 499 

lepidosus, xiv. 499 
Phora, (Lat.) xv. 7I7 

proboscis of, xv. 707 
Phrenapates, Bennettii, xv. 9) 
Phrenapetes, xv. 91 
Phryganea quadrifasciata, xv. 302 
Phryganea, (Lin.) xv. 301 

filosa, XV. 302 

hirta, xv. 302 

longicornis, xv. 302 

nigra, xv. 302 

proper, xv. 302 
Phrygania, gills of, xiv. 75 

larvae of, xv. 350. 611 

with what confounded, xv. 347 

eyes of, xiv. 45 
Phryganiae, what called, xv. 348 
Phthiria, (Meig.) xv. 693 
Phthridium, (Herm.) xv. 720 
Phthiromyia, (Lat.) xv. 719 
Phtirus, (Dr. Leadi) xiv. 150 
Phycis, (Fab.) xv. 625 

Coleti, XV. 625 
Phylam, (Meg.) xiv. 559 
Phyllia, form of the, xv. 191 
Phylliiim, of Illiger, xv. 173 



INSECTA. 



271 



Phyllium, arrangement of, xv. 191 

bioculatum, xv. 191 
Phyllochavis, (Dalm.) xv. 139 
Phyllobius, (Schcen.) xv. 57 
Phylloceius, xiv. 322 
Phyllophagi, xiv. 474. 484 
Physodera Desiani, xiv. 273 
Physodactylus, (Fisch.) xiv. 324 

Henningii, xiv. 324 
Phytonomus, (Schcen.) xv. 59 
Phytoscapus, {Schcen.) xv. 57 
Pieiis, {Schr.) xv. 585 

Nemesis, xv. 674 

Svrainsonii, xv. 674 
Piestus, (Grav.) description of, xiv. 296 

siilcatus, xiv. 296 
Piezata, (Fab.) xv. 353 
Pilulariae, what called, xiv. 451 

why called, xiv. 504 
Pimelia of Fab. xiv. 412. 541. 551, 552 

(Herbs.) xiv. 552 

(Lin.) xiv. 542 

anomala, xiv. 543 

bipunctata, wliere found, xiv. 89, 
542. 565 

ciliata, xiv. 565 

coronata, xiv. 543 

cryptochyle, xiv. 543 

dentipes, xiv. 552. 555 

gibba, xiv. 551 

gibbosa, xiv. 553 

glabra, xiv. 566 

hispida, xiv. 543 

longipes, xiv. 543 

maculata, xiv. 543 

minutB, xiv. 543 

morbilosa, xiv. 543 

obscura, xiv. 555 

of what formed, xiv. 565 

pygmsea, xiv. 412 

Payraudii, xiv. 543 

scrabriuscula, xiv. 566 

silphoides, xiv. 545 

striata, xiv. 551 

striatula, xiv. 566 

trachyderma, xiv. 543 

unicolor, xiv. 551 
Pimeliarise, xiv. 564 
Pimpla, (Fab.) xv. 361 
Pine tenthredo, xv. 399 
Pinicola, (Breb.) xv. 357 
Pinophilus latipes, xiv. 292 
Pipiza, (Meig.) xv. 705 
Pison, (Spin.) xv. 377 
Planiceps, xv. 375 
Planipennes, xv. 297 
Plant-lice, habits of, xv. 267 
Platinatus striatus, xiv. 557 

crenatus, xiv. 557 



Platinatus excavatus, xiv. 557 
Platycerus, xiv. 501 

(Geoff.) XV. 88 

signification of, xiv. 530 
Platychile, resembling manticora, xiv. 

176 
Platygaster, xv. 369 
Platygenia, (M2cl.)xiv. 493 
Platynotus dilatatiis, xiv. 556 

Iffivigatus, xiv. 555 

reticulatus, xiv, 555 

serratus, xiv. 555 

undatus, xiv. 555 
Platynus, description of, xiv. 223 

blandus, xiv. 223 

complanatus, xiv. 223 
Platyope, xiv. 542 
Platypeza, (Meig.) xv. 696 
Platypus, (Herbs-) xv. 83 
Platyscelis, (Latr.) xiv. 558 
Platysma nigra, xiv. 214 
Platysoma, xv. 95 

(Leach) xiv. 389 
Platystoma, (Meig.) xv. 716 
Platyura, (Meig.) xv. 688 
Plectes osseticus, xiv. 233 
Plectris, (Lepel. <^- Serv.) xiv. 483 
Plicipennes, xv. 301 
Ploas, (Meig.) xv. 694 

segeriformis, xv. 779 
Plochionus, description of, xiv. 196 

quadrimaculatus, xiv. 273 
Ploeirae, the, xv. 244 
Ploiaria, (Scop.) xv. 220 
Ploiotribus, (Lat.) xv. 82 
Plusia concha, xv. 614 
Podidura, (Lat.) xv. 376 
Podisma, xv. 1 77 
Podium nigripes, xv. 516 
Podontia, (Dalm.) xv. 139 
Podura, description of the, xiv. 145 

alvalis, xv. 146 

ambulans, xiv. 146 

annulata, xiv. 146 

arborea, xiv. 146 

aquatica, xiv. 146 

aquatica grisea, xiv. 146 

atra, xiv. 147 

cincta, xiv. 146 
Podurellse, description of the, xiv. 1 45 
Poduria fimetaria, xiv. 146 
Podura lignorum, xiv. 146 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 

minuta, xiv. 147 

plumbea, xiv. 146 

polypoda, xiv. 147 

proper, description of the. xiv. 
146 

pusilla, xiv. 146 



272 



INDEX. 



Podura signala, xiv. 147 

vaga, xiv. 146 

villosa, xiv. 146 

viiidis, xiv. 147 
Pcederi, xiv. 305 
Poederus, description of, xiv. 292. 293 

proboscideus, xiv. 294 
Pogonocherus, xv. 108 
Pogonoceius, (Fiscli.) xv. 28 
Pogonophorus, description of, xiv. 236 
Pogonus, description of, xiv. 211 

lialophilus, xiv. 212 

pallidipennis, xiv. 212 
Polistes apicalis, xv. 575 
Polistichus, description of the, xiv. 190 
Polisticus discoideus, xiv. 191 
Polocrium, (Spin.) xv. 374 
Polyergi, larvae of the, xv. 450 
Polyergus, (Lat.) xv. 371 

account of, xv. 490 
Polymera, {Wiedmann) xv. 686 
Polyommatus, xv. 592 
Polyommates, xv. 610 
Polydesmus, description of, xiv. 131 
Polytomus femoratus, xiv. 327 

marginatus, xiv. 327 

niystacinus, xiv. 327 

{Dalm.) xiv. 326 
Polyxenus, description of, xiv. 131 

lagurus, xiv. 131 
Pompilus, {Fab.) xv. 375 
Pompilius bifasciatus, xv. 516 
Pompylus, {Fab ) xv. 378 
Ponera, {Lat.) xv. 371 

size of, xv. 471 
Pontia, {Fab.) xv. 585 
Popilia, {Leach) xiv. 483 

bipunctata, xiv 483 
Porcellus sphinx, xv. 597 
Porphyrops, {Meig.) xv. 696 
Potamophili, xiv. 409 
Potamophilus, {Germ.) xiv. 410 
Pou de bois, xv. 345 
Pneumora of Thunb. xv. 1 76 
Prasocuris, {Lat.) xv. 140 
Priocera, {Kir by) xiv. 344 

variegata, xiv. 344 
Prioni, xv. 114 
Prionii, xv 98 
Prionus, {Geoff.) xv. 99 

arvicornis, xv. 115 

depsarius, xiv. 86 

coriarius, xv. 115 

nitidus, xv. 100 

sabricornis, xv. 100 
Procerata saldonana, xv. 617 
Procerus, description of, xiv. 232 

Caucasicus, xiv. 233 

tauricus, xiv. 233 



Procirrus Lefeburi, xiv. 294 
Procris, {Fab.) xv. 600 
Procrustes, description of, xiv. 233 
Proctotrupes, {Lair.) xv. 368 
Proteus, (carabus aneus) xiv. 209 
Progalles-insectes, xv. 274 
Prognatha, description of, xiv. 296 
Pronaeus, {Lat.) xv. 375 
Proscarabaei, xv. 38 
Proscarabaeus, fecundity of the, xv. 40 
Proscopia, {Kliig.) xv, I76 
Prosopis, {Fab.)x\'. 383 

{Jur.) XV. 381 
Prostomis, {Lat.) xv. 88 
Proteinus, description of, xiv. 297 
Psalidium, xv. 58 
Psalidognathus, XV. 115 

Friendii, xv. 116 
Psammetichus, {I^at.) xiv. 549 
Psammodes, {Kirby) xiv. 551 

longicornis, xiv. 551 
Psammodius, {Gyll.) xiv. 458 

arenarius, xiv. 460 

sulcicollis, xiv. 459 
Psammoecus Boudier, xv. 123 
Psammotherma, {Lat.) xv. 372 
Psarus, {Lat.) XV. 703 
Pselapliii, xv. 166 
Pselaphus, {Herbs.) xv. 166 

{Illig.) xiv. 385 

proper, {Herbs.) xv. 167 
Psen, {Lat.) xv. 378 
Pseudo-bombyces, xv. 609, 610 
Pseudo-tineae, xv. 621 
Psila, {Meig.) xv. 713 
Psilodera Capensis, xv. 779 
Psilomyia, {Lat.) xv. 713 
Psilopus, XV. 696 
Psilota, {Fab.) xv. 705 
Psilus, {Jiir.) XV. 368 
Psoa, {Fab.) xv. 84 
Psocus, {Latr.) xv. 300 
Psorophora, xv. 684 
Psyche, {Schr.) xv. 611 
Psychoda, {Lat.) xv. 685 
Psychomylae, xv. 302 
Psylla, {Geoff.) xv. 227 

alni, XV. 266 

buxi, XV. 267 

ficus, XV. 266 
Psyllae, of GeofFrov, habits of, xv. 264 
Psylliodes, {Lat.)'xv. 142 
Pterochile, (A7//^.) xv. 380 
Pterodontia flavipes, xv. 779 
Pteromalus, {Latr.) xv. 366 
Pterophorites, {Lat.) xv. 628 
Pterophorus, xv. 628 

hexadactylus, xv. 628, 629 

pentadactyhis, xv. 628 



INSECTA. 



273 



Pterostichus, xiv. 214. 216 
Pterotarsus, xiv. 363 

histrio, xiv. 363 
Pterygophoius, {KHig.) xv. 357 
Ptilinus, xiv. 335 

{Fab.) xiv. 350 
(Geoff.) xiv. 350 
larvse of, xiv. 379 
pectinatus, xiv. 350 
pectinicornis, xiv. 350 
pollens, xiv. 350 
serratus, xiv. 350 
Ptilium, XV. 168 
Ptilodactyla, (//%.) xiv. 32? 
Ptilodactylus, (Wied.) xv. 699 
Ptini, general description of, xiv. 378 
Ptiniores, of what composed, xiv. 377 
Ptiniori, hepatic vessels of, xiv. 308 
Ptinus, (Fab.) xiv. 385 

(Fab.) (OUv.) xiv. 349 
(Lin.) xiv. 347, 348. 350. 351 
denticornis, xiv. 350 
far. xiv. 349 
Germanus, xiv. 349 
imperialis, xiv. 349 
latro, xiv. 349 
pertinax, xiv. 351 
proper, (Lin.) xiv. 348 
scotias, xiv. 350 
serricornis, xiv. 350 
striatus, xiv. 349 
sulcatus, xiv. 350 
testaceo-villosus, xiv. 327 
Ptyocerus, (Hoff.) xiv. 326 
Ptychoptera, (Meig.) xv. 685 
Ptylodactyla elaterina, xiv. 327 
Pucerons, food of, xiv. 68 
habits of, xv. 267 
neuters among, xiv. 78 
ovoviparous, xiv. 77 
Pulex, description of the, xiv. 154 

general remarks upon the, xiv. 

165 
irritans, xiv. 156 
penetrans, xiv. 156 
Pupipara, xv. 717 

the family of the, xv. 774 
Pupivora, the, xv. 359. 406 
Purpuricenus, (Dej.) xv. 103 
Pygaera, xv. 609 

Pyrales, metamorphosis of, .\iv. 83 
Pyralis, (Fab.) xv. 617 

Heracleana, xv. 617 
pomana, xv. 617 
prasinaria, xv. 618 
rutana, xv. 617 
tapezana, xv. 625 
umbellana, xv. 617 
vitis, XV. 617 

Cuv. Index. 



Pyrochroa, xv. 28. 36 

(Degeer) xiv. 327 
(Geoff.) XV. 27 
nitida, xiv. 327 
Pyrochroides, xv. 27 
Pytho, (Lat.) xv. 15 



Quadrimani, description of, xiv. 207 



Ramphhomyia, xv. 691 
Ramphus, (C/ai>y.)xv. 61 
Ranatra, (Fab.) xv. 222 
Ranatrse, habits of the, xv. 250 
labrum of, xv. 249 
where found, xv. 232 
Raphidia, (Lin.) xv. 300 
Raphium, (Meig.) xv. 696 
Red ant, of Linnaeus, xv. 443 
Reduvii, food of, xv. 232 
Reduvius, (Fab.) xv. 220 
dorsalis, xv. 243 
personatus, xv. 243 
spinidorsis, xv. 244 
tuberculatus, xv. 244 
Rembus, description of, xiv. 225 
impressus, xiv. 225 
politus, xiv. 225 
Renagrida, (Cochineals) xv. 280 
Rhagio, of Fab., xv. 754 
Rhagium, (Dalli.) xv. 112 

(Fab.) XV. Ill 
Rhagocrepis Riedelii, xiv. 271 
Rhamnusium, (Meg.) xv. 112 
Rhaebus, of Fischer, xv. 19. 53 
Rhicipera marginata, xiv. 327 
Rhina, (Lat.) xv. 63 
Rhingia, (Scop.) xv. 705 

rostrata, xv. 7C3 
Rhingiae, the, xv. 763 
Rhinomacer, xv. 66, 67 

(Fab.) XV. 20 
Rhinomacera, of Oliv., xv. 53 
Rhinosimi, xv. 25 
Rhinosimus, (Lat.) xv. 20. 53 
Rhinotia, (Kirb.) xv. 54 
Rhinotragus, (DaJm.) xv. 106 
Rhipicera, (Lat.) xiv. 326 
Rhipidia, (Meig.) xv. 686 
Rhipiptera, the, xv. 681 

antennae of, xiv. 78 
description of, xiv. 27 
metathorax of, xiv. 11 
otherwrise called stresiptera, xiv. 

25 
supplement on the, xv. 683 
Rhisotrogus, (Lat.) xiv. 481 
Rhynchite, xv. 54 

N u 



274 



INDEX. 



Rhynchaenus, xv. 60. 69 

(Fab.) XV. 59 
Rhynchustoma, xv. 20 
Rhyncophorus, xv. 19 
Rhyngota, of Fabvicius, xv, 230 
Rhysodes, (Lot.) xiv. 354 
exaratus, xiv. 355 
Rhytinhinus, xv. 58 
Rhyzophagus, (Herbs.) xv. 85 
Richard, what called, xiv. 310 

origin of the name, xiv. 350 
Ricini, of Degeer, xiv. 152 
or bird-lice, xiv. 164 
very numerous, xiv. 165 
Ricinus, description of the, xiv. 150 
canis, xiv. 151 
emberizae, xiv. 151 
fringillae, xiv. 151 
gallinse, xiv. 151 
genus approximating to, xv. 43 
pavonis, xiv. 165 
philoptere, xiv. 153 
mergi, xiv. 151 
Ripidius, (Thunb.) xv. 28 
Ripiphori, xv. 36 

larva of, XV. 44 
Ripiphorus, xv. 37 

{Payh.) XV. 29 
paradoxus, xv. 37 
{Oliv.) XV. 28 
Robert the devil, what called, xv. 588 
Ropalomera, (IVied.) xv. 711 
Ryngota, (Fab.) xv. 216 
Runners, the, xv. 171 
Ruricola, (Fab.) xv. 591 
Rutela, (Lat.) xiv. 473 
cerata, xiv. 474 
cetonio'ides, xiv. 474 
Rutilae, how confounded, xiv. 517 
Rhynchani, of Fab., xv. 61 
Rhyncophora, short billed, xv. 50 
Ryssonotus, xiv. 499 



Sabethes, (Robineait Desvuidtj) xv. 683 
Sagaris, {Panz.) xv. 364 
Sagra, xv. 122. 125 

tristis, XV. 125 
Sagrides, xv. 122 
Salda, {Fab.) xv. 219 
Saldes, of Fabricius, xv. 220 
Saltatoria, xv. 173 
Salius, {Germ.) xv. 61 
Sandalus, {Knock) xiv. 326 

niger, xiv. 326 

petrophya, xiv. 326 
Sanguine ants, attack upon, xv. 470 
Saperda, xv. 108. 119 

{Fab.)x\'. 105 



Saperda carcharias, xv. 120 

cylindricollis, xv. 1 19 
Sapyga proper, (La/r.) xv. 374 
Sapygatse, {Lat.) xv. 374 
Sapromyza, (Fall.) xv. 71'! 
Sarapus, xiv. 391 

(Fisch.) xiv. 391 
Sarcophaga, xv. 709 
Sargus, {Fab.) xv. 700. 701 
Saropoda, xv. 387 
Sarrotrium, (Germ.) xiv. 560 
(//%.) xiv. 500 
celtis, xiv. 560 
Saturnia, (Schrank) xv. 605 
Satyri, xv. 583 
Satyrus, xv. 590 

(Lat.) XV. 591 
Sauterelles, xv. 202 
Saw-flies, eyes of, xiv. 46 
Scseva, (Fab.) xv. 703 
Scarabeei, of the earth, xiv. 511 

of the flowers, xiv. 51 1. 529 

of the trees, xiv. 511 

horns of, xiv. 533 
silphioi'des, xiv. 509 

unctuous, XV. 39 
Scarabseidae, xiv. 448 

size of, xiv. 96 
Scarabseus, xiv. 451 

of Fabricius, xiv. 462. 466 

(Lin.) xiv. 449. 456, 457, 458. 
465. 468 

Actseon, xiv. 470 

appearance of reason in the, xiv. 
Ill 

bellicosus, xiv. 457 

auratus, xiv. 496 

Belzebut, xiv. 457 

boas, xiv. 509 

candidse, xiv. 476 

carnifex, xiv. 457 

Cyclops, xiv. 465 

cylindricus, xiv. 498 

dichotomus, xiv. 470 

emarginatus, xiv. 457 

eremita, xiv. 492 

Esculapius, xiv. 452 

fasciatus, xiv. 492 

femoralis, xiv. 506 

festivus, xiv. 457 

fimetarius, xiv. 458 

formed from larvae, how, xiv. 56 

fulgidus, xiv. 453 

fullo, xiv. 479 

globosus, xiv. 460 

hemipterus, xiv. 492 

Hercules, xiv. 470 

Hippocrates, xiv. 452 

Jasius, xiv, 457 



INSECTA. 



275 



ScarabasLis lancifer, xiv. 457 

Lazarus, xiv. 4G5 

longimanus, xiv. 470 

longipes, xiv. 454 

lunaris, xiv. 475 

macropus, xiv. 473 

melolontha, xiv. 479 

melolontha, alimentary tube of, 
xiv. 480 

mimas, xiv. 457 

mobilicornis, xiv. 465 

Momus, xiv. 463 

nasicornis, xiv. 468. 509 

negasoma, xiv. 470 

nobilis, xiv. 491 

proboscideus, xiv. 465 

nuchicornis, xiv. 456 

properly so called, xiv. 470 

punctatus, xiv. 470 

quadridens, xiv. 465 

sacer, xiv. 452 

Silerius, xiv. 509 

stercorarius, xiv. 463 

sticticus, xiv. 496 

tarandus, xiv. 509 

taurus, xiv. 455 

testaceus, xiv. 465 

to what applied, xiv. 512 

typhoeus, xiv. 463 

vernalis, xiv. 464 

what named by Pliny, xiv. 510 
Scaphidites, xiv. 397 
Scaphidium proper, xiv. 398 
Scaphinotus, description of, xiv. 231 
Scapterus, (Dej.) description of, xiv. 

201 
Scaritides, description of, xiv. 197 
Scarites, of Fabricius, xiv. 200 

description of, xiv. 202 

{Ross) description of, xiv. 206 

arenarius, xiv. 204 

Bonelli's division of, xiv. 273 

Bucephalus, xiv. 275 

for cantharides, xv. 48 

cyaneus, xiv. 199 

depressus, (Fab.) xiv. 201 

elongatus, xiv. 203 

gagates, xiv. 216 

Georgiae, xiv. 205 

gigas, xiv. 202 

Hottentota, xiv. 216 

laevigatus, xiv. 199. 203 

marginatus, {Fab.) xiv. 201 

piceus, xiv. 216 

pyracmon, xiv. 202 

ruficornis, xiv. 202 

rufus, xiv. 207 

sabulosus, xiv. 203 

terricola, xiv. 202 



Scarites, where found, xiv. 92 
Scaurus, xiv. 566 

{Fab.) xiv. 549 

{Sterrn.) xv. 1 4 

{Fab.), description of, xiv. 206 

sulcatus, xiv. 566 
Scotobius, {Germ.) xiv. 549 
Scatomyzides, xv. 712. 714 
Scatophaga, {Lat.) xv. 713 
Scathopse, {Geoff.) xv. 689 
Scelion, xv. 368 
Scenopinus, {Lat.) xv. 696 
Schizochilus Brasiliensis, xiv. 304 
Schizorhina, xiv. 496 
Schneider, what called, xiv. 462 
Schyzocera, {Lat.) xv. 356 

Peleterii, xv. 403 
Sciophila, xv. 688 
Scleroderma, of Kliig, xv. .373 
Scolia proper, {Fab.) xv. 374 

fulva, XV. 516 
Scolietse, {Latr.) xv. 374 
;'' Scolopendra, description of, xiv. 134 

cingulata, xiv. 135 

coleoptrata, xiv. 134 

dorsalis clypeata, xiv. 131 

electrica, xiv. 135 

forficata, xiv. 134 

forked, xiv. 134 

gigantea, xiv. 135 

lagura, xiv. 131 

longicornis, xiv. 134 

maleficent, xiv. 133 

morsitans, xiv. 126. 133. 135 

occidentalis, xiv. 135 

phosphorea, xiv. 135 

with twenty-eight feet, xiv. 134 
Scolopendra, bite of the, xiv. 142 

description of the, xiv. 141 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 

proper, stigmata of, xiv. 132 

rings of the body of the, xiv. 
124 
Scolytus, XV. 89 

{Geoff.) XV. 82 

description of, xiv. 238 

destructor, xv. 89 

flexuosus, xiv. 213 

proper, {Geoff.) xv. 82 
Scopulipodes, xv. 386 
Scorpion, European, xiv. 92 

flies, XV. 323 
Scorpions of Cayenne, size of, >iv. 96 
Scotimus, {Kirb.) xiv. 555 

crenicollis, xiv. 555 
Scutellaria, stigmata of, xiv. 4 
Scutellera, xv. 232 

{M. de la March) xv. 365 

{Lam.) XV. 217 

N n 2 



276 



INDEX. 



Scutellera basalis, xv. 233 
Hottentota, xv. 233 
nigro-lineata,. xv. 233 
Scutellerae, description of, xv. 232 
Scutigera, description of, xiv. 133 
Scydmcenus, {Lat.) xiv. 385 
clavatus, xiv. 386 
Helwigii, xiv. 386 
hirticollis, xiv. 386 
where found, xiv. 385 
Godarti, xiv. 386 
minutus, xiv. 386 
Scyrtes, {Lat.) xiv. 328 
Seatophaga, (Fab.) xv. 715, 71G 
Securifera, xv. 354 
Seleropterus, (Schcen.) xv. 62 
Semblis, xv. 299 

the genus, xv. 331 
Separda of Fab. xv. 109 
Sepedon, {Fab.) xv. 715 
Sepidium, xiv. 566 

(Fab.) xiv. 550 
acuminatum, xiv. 550 
cristatum, xiv. 550. 567 
reticulatum, xiv. 550 
rugosum, xiv. 550 
tricuspidatum, xiv. 550. 567 
variegatum, xiv. 550 
vittatum, xiv. 550 
Sepsis, {Fall.) xv. 715 
Serica, {Mad.) xiv. 482 
Seraptia, {Lat.) xv. 23. 30 
Sericavia, {Lat.) xv. 609 
Sericomyia, {Meig.) xv. 702 
Serricornes, xiv. 308 
Sericostoma, xv. 301 
Serropalpides, xv. 16 
Serropalpus, {Illig.) xv. 30 
{PayJc.) XV. 18 
fusculus, XV. 23 
striatus, xv. 23, 24 
Sesia, xv. 598 

{Fab.) XV. 595 
Sesiades, xv. 598 
Shegalyra, to what it belongs, xv. 41 8 

fasciipennis, xv. 418 
Siagona, description of, xiv. 199 
depressa, xiv. 199 
description of, xiv. 296 
atrata, xiv. 199 
fuscipes, xiv. 199 
rufipes, xiv. 199 
sejus, xiv. 199 
Siagonum quadricorne, xiv. 296 
Sialis, {Lat.) xv. 299 
Sicus, {Lat.) XV. 692 
Sigalphus, {Latr.) xv. 363 
Silis, {Meg. Dej.) xiv. 338 
rubricollis, xiv. 338 



Silis spinicollis, xiv. 338 

Silk- worm, change undergone by, xiv. 80 

manner of feeding of the, xiv. 66 
Silk-worms, acid from, xiv. 73 

the cocoons of, xv. 668 
Silpha, {Lin.) xiv. 390, 391. 394. 398. 
400, 401. 426 

atrata, xiv. 396 

dispar, xiv. 395 

excrementitious, apparatus of the, 
xiv. 172.308 

Indica, xiv. 394 

lachrymosa, xiv. 394 

laevigata, xiv. 396 

Laponica, xiv. 396 

littoralis, xiv. 394 

opaca, xiv. 396 

obscura, xiv. 396 

(proper,) xiv. 394 

Pedemontana, xiv. 396 

quadripunctata, xiv. 396 

reticulata, xiv. 396 

rugosa, xiv. 396 

sabulosa, xiv. 560. 570 

sinuata, xiv. 395 

subterranea, xiv. 397 

Surinamensis, xiv. 394 

thoracica, xiv. 395 

tristis, xiv. 396 

vespillo, xiv. 393 

with what confounded, xiv. 414 
Silphse, larvse of, xiv. 415 
Silphales, xiv. 390. 898 
Silvanus, {Lat.) xv. 88 
Silvius, {Mcig.) XV. 697 
Simblephilus, {Jur.) xv. 379 
Simplicimana, probably include catas- 

copus, xiv. 188 
Simplicimani, description of, xiv. 211 
Simulia, xv. 733 
Simulium, {Lat.) xv. 689. 752 
Sinodendron, {Fab.) xiv. 460. 498. 501 

cornutum, xiv. 502 

digitatum, xiv. 461 
Siphonaptera, description of the, xiv. 154 
Sirex, xv. 404 

of Linnaeus, xv. 358 

fusicornis, xv. 405 

gigas, XV. 404, 405 

juvencus, xv. 405 

spectrum, xv. 405 
Sispes, {Fab.) xv. 365 
Sisyphus, xiv. 453 
Sitaris, xv. 51 

elytra of, xv. 46 
{Lat.) XV. 34 
Smerinthus, {Lat.) xv. 598 
Smynthurus, description of the, xiv. 146 
Soldiers, what called, xv. 333 



IMSECTA. 



277 



Solenorhinus, (Schcen.) xv. 60 
Sparasion, xv. 368 
Sparedrus, (Meg.) xv. 19 
Spaerium, (Charpeut) xv. 175 
Specomyia, (Lat.) xv. 703 
Spercheus, {Fab.) xiv. 427 
Speridium, xiv. 401 
Spectrum, xv. 191 

of StoU, XV. 1 73 

where found, xiv. 96 
Sphseridiota, xiv. 431 
Spliseridium, (Fab. Gyll.) xiv. 401 

of Fabricius, xiv. 432. 445 
Spliaerites, (Dufst.) xiv. 391 
Spharocera, (Lat.) xv. 712 
Spliaeroderus, xiv. 231 
Sphecodes, (Lat.) xv. 382 
Sphegina, (Meig.) xv. 704 
Sphegydes, (Lat.) xv. 374 
Spheniscus, (Kirb.) xv. 13 

erotyloides, xv. 13 
Spherites, denticulation of, xiv. 390 
Sphex, (Lat.) xv. 374, 375 

(of LinncBus) xv. 359. 365. 373. 

377 

organs of touch of, xiv. 64 
Sphinx, (Lin.) xv. 595 

Atropos, XV. 597- 677 

achemsenides, xv. 680 

celerio, where found, xiv. 90 

euphorbiae, xv. 596 

fenestrina, xv. 599 

filipendulae, xv. 600 

nerion, where found, xiv. 90 

ocellata, xv. 598 

proper xv. 596 

populi, XV. 598 

statices, (Lin.) xv. 600 
Sphinxes, seek plants and flowers, when, 

xiv. 61 
Sphinx tilae, xv. 598 
Sphodrus, description of, xiv. 220 

complanatus, xiv. 221 

janthinus, xiv. 221 

terricola, xiv. 220 
Sphondylus, of Cordus, xv. 193 
Sphryracephala, (Say.) xv. 774 
Spider, instinct of, xiv. 104 
Spiders, heart of, xiv. 2 
Spinneret, wliat named, xv. 636 
Spondylis, (Fab.) xv. 99 

where placed, xv. 113 
Squillae, heart of, xiv. 2 
Staphylini, general description of, xiv. 
301 

head of the, xiv. 302 
Staphylinos, of Aristotle, xv. 193 
Staphylinus, (Lin.) xv. 166 

description of, xiv. 288 



Staphylinus seneus, xiv. 292 

alternans, xiv. 292 

amoenus, xiv. 292 

atricapillus, xiv. 299 

aureus, xiv. 292 

bi-pustulatus, xiv. 299 

biguttatus, xiv. 294 

•boleti, xiv. 298 

brunnipes, xiv. 292 

canaliculatus, xiv. 298 

clavicornis, xiv. 294 

collaris, xiv. 298 

cupreus, xiv. 292 

cyaneus, xiv. 292 

dilatatus, xiv. 291 

elegans, xiv. 292 

elongatus, xiv. 292, 293 

emarginatus, xiv. 299 

erythrocephalus, xiv. 292 

erythropterus, xiv. 292 

fulgidus, xiv. 292 

fulmineus, xiv. 292 

fuscipes, xiv. 299 

hirtus, xiv. 291 

haBmorrhoi'dalis, xiv. 292 

impresses, xiv. 298 

Juno, xiv. 294 

linearis, xiv. 293 

lunulatus, xiv. 299 

maxillosus, xiv. 291 

melanocephalus, xiv. 292 

minutus, xiv. 298 

murinus, xiv. 291 

ochraceus, xiv. 292 

oculatus, xiv. 292 

olens, xiv. 291 

pilosus, xiv. 292 

politus, xiv. 292 

(proper,) description of, xiv. 291 

pyropterus, xiv. 292 

pubescens, xiv. 292 

riparius, xiv. 294 

rufus, xiv. 290 

similis, xiv. 292 

socialis, xiv. 298 

stercorarius, xiv. 292 

striatus, xiv. 299 

strumosus, xiv. 299 

ulmi, xiv. 290 
Statyra, xv. 27 
Stelis, (Panz.) xv. 385 
Stenelytra, xv. 10 

supplement on the, xv. 21 
Stenepteryx, (Leach) xv. 719 
Steni, xiv. 305 
Stenocorus, (Dalm.) xv. 103 

(Lin.) XV. 112 

(Oliv.) XV. Ill 

Cyaneus, xv. 11 1 



278 



INDEX. 



Stenoderus, (Dej.) xv. 112 
Stenolophus,(Z)eg-.)clesciiptionof,xiv.210 

vaporariorum, xiv. 210 
Stenopterus, (Illig.) xv. 106 
Stenosis, (Herb.) xiv. 548 
Stenosthetus, of M. Megerle, xiv, 300 
Stenostoma, (Lat.) xv. 20 
Stenotrachelus, (Payk.) xv. 14 
Stenus, description of, xiv. 294 
Stephanus, (Jur.) xv. 361 

Brasiliensis, xv. 418 
Sternocera, xiv. 357 
Sternoxi, xiv. 309 

hepatic conduits of, xiv. 308 

how divided, xiv. 310 
Steropes, (Stev.) xv. 30 
Steropus Hottentota, xiv. 216 
Stigmatium, xiv. 375 

cicindeloides, xiv. 376 
Stigmodera, xiv. 357 
Stigmus, (Jur.) xv. 378 
Stilbium princeps, xv. 434 
Stilbum, of Spinola, xv. 369 
Stilichus, xiv. 294 
Stilponotus euvipiformis, xv. 22 

new subgenus of, xv. 22 
Stizus, (Lat.) XV. 376 
Stomis, description of, xiv. 218 

pumicatus, xiv. 218 
Stomoxys, xv. 705 

(Geof.) (Fab.) xv. 706 

the, XV. 767 

bite of the, xv. 722 
Stratyomys, xv. 758 

(Geoff.) XV. 700 

the, XV. 757 

a kind of aigrette in, xiv. 74 
Stratyomydes, of Latreille, xv. 757 

(Lat.) XV. 699 
Strebla, (Dalm.) xv. 719 
Stresiptera, of Mr. Kirby, xv. 081 * 

a vicious denomination, xiv. 25 
Strongylium, (Kirb.) xv. 14 
Strongylus, (Herbst.) xiv. 401 
Stygia, (Drajmrnaud) xv. 601 

Australia, xv. 601. 604 
Stygides, (Lat.) xv. 694 

antennae of, xv. 694 
Stylops Childreni, xv. 684 * 
Styphlus, (Schoen.) xv. 60 
Subdipterus, xv. 37 
Subulicornes, xv. 304 

(Lat.) XV. 295 

neuroptera, xv. 206 
Suckers, xv. 391 
Sucking-insects, organs of manducation 

of, xiv. 9 
Suctoria, general remarks upon the, xiv. 
165 



Suctoria, description of the, xiv. 26, 154 
Suctorial insects, food of, xiv. 40 
Surveyors, what called, xv. 6.37 
Swimmers, description of, xiv. 243 
Sybines, xv. 60 
Sybistroma, xv. 696 
Sygnatha, xiv. 133 
Sylphs, frequent the snake root and sta- 

plielia, xiv. 60 
Sylvanis, xv. 589 
Sylvanus caenobites, xv. 589 
Synagris, of Fabricius, xv. 575 

(Lat.) XV. 380 

cornuta, xv. 575 
Synapha, (Meig.) xv. 688 
Synchita (Helv.) xv. 85 
Syndesus, (Mad.) xiv. 501 

cornutus, xiv. 502 
Synistata, of Fab., xv. 294 
Synistates, of Fabricius, xv. 390 
Synodendron, (Fab.) xv. 84 
Synotomis, (Illig.) xv. 600 
Synuchus, description of, xiv. 221 
Syphona, (Meig.) xv. 706 
Syrphiae, larva of, xv. 270 
Syrphidae, the, xv. 701. 759 
Syrphides, proboscis of, xv. 705 
Syrphus, xv. 702. 760 

(Fab.) XV. 704 

food of the larvae of, xv. 702 

proper, (Lat.) xv. 703 
Syrtes, (Fab.) xv. 219 
Syrtis fasciatus, xv. 242 
Systropha, (Illig.) xv. 383 
Systropus, (JVied.) xv. 706 
Syzygops, xv. 58 



Tabani, the, xv. 755 

bite of, XV. 722 
Tabanides, xv. 696 

the family of, xv. 765 
Tabanus, (Lin.) xv. 696 

autumnalis, xv. 757 

bovinus, xv. 756 

proper, xv. 697 
Tachina, (Fab.) xv. 707, 708, 709 
Tachinus, description of, xiv. 299 
Tachypori, with what associated, xiv. 

307 
Tachyporus, description of, xiv. 299 

chrysomelinus, xiv. 307 
Tachypus, description of, xiv. 233 

eyes of, xiv. 241 
Tagenia, (Lat.) xiv. 548 
Tagona, of Fis., xiv. 546 
Tailors, what named, xv. 738 
Tamnophilus, xv. 60 



INSECTA. 



279 



Tanypus, xv. 746 

{3Ieig.) XV. 684 
Tanyrhynchus, {Schoen.) xv. 60 
Tanystoma, xv. 690 
Tanystomata, wings of, xv. 695 
Taphria, description of, xiv. 221 
Tarpa, (Fab.) xv. 357 
Tarus, description of, xiv. 195 
Taupin, xiv. 324 

double-croix, xiv. 320 
Taxicornes, the, xv. 1 
Tefflus, of Megerle, xiv. 232 

description of, xiv. 232 
Teleas, (Lat.) xv. 368 
Telephori, change in food of, xiv. 66 

hepatic vessels of, xiv. 308 

where found, xiv. 371 
Telephorus, {Schceff.) xiv. 337 

biguttatus, xiv. 339 

fuscus, xiv. 372 

minimus, xiv. 339 

with what confounded, xiv. 366 
Temnoscheila splendens, xv. 93 
Temporanceros, xv. 733 
Tenecrium chamaedrys, xv. 243 
Tenbrio, xiv. 559. 568 ; xv. 68 

{Fah.) XV. 99 

{Lin.) xiv. 542 ; xv. 87 

cadaverinus, xv. 3 

for cantharides, xv. 48 

chrysomelinus, xv. 3 

culinaris, xv. 3 

digittatus, xiv. 561 

dubius, xiv. 324 

fossor, xiv. 204 

grandis, xiv. 562 

how distinguished from Blaps, 
xiv. 567 

impressus, xv. 3 

laevigatus, xv. 140 

Mauritanicus, xv. 92 

molitor, xiv. 562. 569 

mortisaga, xiv. 553 

muricatus, xiv. 543. 566 

nitidulus, xv. 3 

numerous changes of, xiv. 256 

proper, {Lin.) xiv. 562 

retusus, xv. 3 
Tenebrionites, xiv. 558. 568 
Tengra, {Lat.) xv. 374 
Tenthredin3R, xv. 357. 397 
Tenthredineta, xv. 354 
Tenthredo, xv. 430 

of Linnaeus, xv. 354. 397 

eggs of, XV. 423 

ovalis, XV. 399 

pine, XV. 399 

proper, xv. 356. 400 

rosae, xv. 398 



Tentyria, xiv. 566 

{Lat.) xiv. 545 
Tenypeza, {Meig.) xv. 713 
Fephrites violacea, xv. 779 
Tephritis, {Fab.) xv. 7II. 715 

{Lat.) XV. 716 

dictya, {Fab.) xv. 716 
Terebrant hymenoptera, xv. 394 
Terebrantia, xv. 354 
Termes, xiv. 92 

{Li7i ) XV. 300 

arborum, xv. 337, 338 

atrox, XV. 337, 338 

bellicosus, xv. 333. 337. 339, 
340 

destructor, xv. 337- 345 

fatalis, XV. 338. 345 

lucifugus, XV. 342 

mordax, xv. 337, 338 

morio, xv. 345 

pulsatorius, xiv. 381 
Termites, society of, xiv. 118 

arborum, xv. 339 

are omnivorous, xiv. 23 

bellicosi, xv. 341 

enemies of the, xv. 335 

habits of, xv. 332 

infancy of, xiv. 117 

military, xv. 344 

neuters among, xiv. 19. 78 

society of, xiv. 115 

soldiers among the, xiv. 114 

viatores, xv. 340 
Termitinse, xv. 299, 300 * 

Tesseratoma of M. Peltier, xv. 218 

ossa cruenta, xv. 239 
Tetanocera, {Dumeril) xv. 714 

{Lat.) XV. 715 
Tetanops, {Meig.) xv. 716 
Tetragonoderus, description of, xiv. 212 
Tetramera, xv. 52 
Tetraonyx, {Lat.) xv. 33 
Tetraopes, xv. 108 
Tetraptera of Geoffroy, xv. 389 

with farinaceous wings, xv. 230 
Tetratoma, xv. 8 

{Herbs.) xv. 4 

fungorum, xv. 9 
Tetryx, {Lat.) xv. 177 
Tetyra, xv. 232 

{Fab.) XV. 217 
Tettigometra, xv. 224 
Tettigonia, xv. 263 

{Fab.) XV. 223 

rosae, xv. 263 

{Germ.) XV. 226 

wings of, XV. 230 
Tettigoniae, food of, xv. 232 

gallinsectoe, food of, xi\-. 68 



280 



INDEX. 



Tettix, Kirby's, remarks on, xv. 254 
Teucer papilio, where found, xiv. 95 
Thanatophilus, {Leach) xiv. 395 
Thais, XV. 583 

(Fab.) XV. 585 
Thanasimi, xiv. 374 
Thanasimus, [Lat.) xiv. 345 
Therates, description of the, xiv. 181 
Thevatus marginatus, xiv. 180 
Thereva, {Fab.) xv. 708 

{Lat.) xv. G95 
Thoracanta, {Lat.) xv. 365 
Throscus, {Lat.) xiv. 318 
Thrips, {Lin.) xv. 227 

habits of, xv. 267 
Thylacites, xv. 58 
Thymalus, {Latr.) xiv. 400 

limbatus, xiv. 400 
Thynnus, {Fab.) xv. 374 
Tyhreophora, {Lat.) xv. 712 
Thyris, {Hoff.) xv. 599 
Thysania, {Dalm.) xv. 613 
Thysanoura, description of the, xiv. 143 
Thysanura, description of, xiv. 26 
Ticks, attach themselves to dogs, xiv. 

164 
Tilli, where found, xiv. 376 
Tilliis, {Oliv.) xiv. 343. 347 

damicornis, xiv. 347 

dermestoides, xiv. 347 

Wiberi, xiv. 347 

elongatus, xiv. 343 

serraticornis, xiv. 347 
Timarcha, {Meg.) xv. 140 
Timia, {Mcig.) xv. 717 
Timic-e, {Wled.) xv. 716 
Tinea, xv. 625 

{Lin.) XV. 227 

colonella, xv. 624 

the corn, xv. 627 

evonymella, xv. 626 

flavifrontella, xv. 626 

GeofFroyella, xv. 627 

granella, xv. 626 

granella, food of, xiv. 68 

habits of, xv. 679 

harisella, xv. 627 

hordei, food of, xiv. 68 

larvae of, xv. 93 

majorella, xv. 627 

padella, xv. 627 

pellionella, xv. 626 

rufimitrella, xv. 627 

sarcitella, xv. 626 

tribunella, xv. 624 
Tinea;, {Lin.) xv. 620 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 83 
Tineites, (Lat.) xv. 620 
Tingis, {Fab.) xv. 219 



Tingis clavicornis, xv. 243 

peculiarity of, xv. 242 
Tiphia, {Fab.) xv. 374 
Tipula, {Lat.) xv. 684 

of Linnaeus, xv. 725 
erythrocephala, xv. 752 
oleracea, xv. 750 
proper, {Lat.) xv. 685. 750 
variegata, xv. 746 
variegata, nymph of, xv. 747 
Tipulae caliciformes, xv. 738 
food of, xiv. 69 
metamorphosis of the, xiv. 83 
Tipularia, resemble the suctoria, xiv. 

154 
Tipulariae, the, xv. 738 
{Lat.) XV. 684 
of Latreille, where found, xv. 

731 
eggs of, XV. 740 
larvae of the, xv. 739 
prolific nature of, xv. 741 
Tipules couturieres, xv. 738 
Titanura, {Meig.) xv. 713 
Tmesisternus, {Lat.) xv. 107 
Tomicus, {Lat.) xv. 82 
Tortrices, xv. 617 
Tortrix dentata, xv. 617 
Tourniquet, xiv. 251 
Toxotus, {Dej.) xv. 112 
Toxicum, {Lat.) xiv. 561 

richesianum, xiv. 561 
Toxophora, {Meig.) xv. 693 

fulva, XV. 779 
Trachelides, xv. 26. 35 
Trachelus, {Jar.) xv. 358 
Trachodes, {Schoen.) xv. 60 
Trachusa, {Jar.) xv. 384 
Trachyderes, {Dalm.) xv. 102 
Trachynotus, {Lat.) xiv. 550 
Trachys, xiv. 357 

in what comprehended, xiv. 313 
Trachyscelis, {Latr.) xv. 4 
Tragocerus, {Dej.) xv. 107 
Tragopa, {Lat.) xv. 225 
Trechus, description of, xiv. 242 

rubens, xiv. 242 
Tryphyllus, of Megerle & Dejean, xiv. 

403 
Tremaeres, what so named, xiv. 4 
Trephritis, {Lat.) xv. 716 
Tresia, Lacordairei, {Dej.) xiv. 264 
Trichiopoda, {Lat.) xv. 708 
Trichius, xiv. 483 

of Fabricius, xiv. 489. 491 

barbatus, xiv. 493 

changes and habits of, xiv. 529 

eremita, xiv. 492 

fasciatus, xiv. 492. 529 



INSECTA. 



281 



Tricliius hemipterus, xiv. 492 

nobilis, xiv. 491 

succiiictus, xiv. 529 
Trichocera, (Meig.) xv. 686 
Trichocoryne, xiv. 306 
Trictenotoma, xiv. 534 

Childreni, xiv. 534 
Tricodes cyaneus, xiv. 343 
Trichodes, biliary vessels of the, xiv. 
153 

food of the, xiv. 152 

(Fab.) xiv. 345 

alviarius, xiv. 346 

apiarius, xiv. 346. 374 
Tricognatha, description 6f the, xiv. 192 

margipennis, xiv. 192 
Tricondyla, description of the, xiv. 182 

size of the, xiv. 181 
Trydactyli, xv. 196 
Tridactylus, (Oliv.) xv. 174 
Trigonosoma perilampiformis, xv. 774 
Trilobites, between myriapoda and Crus- 
tacea, xiv. 137 
Trimera, xv. 156 
Trineura, (Meig.) xv. 717 
Triongulin des andrenettes, xiv. 153 
Triplax, (Fab.) xv. 155 
Trips, palpi of, xv. 216 
Tritonia, xiv. 401 

(Fab.) xv. 155 

(Geoff.) XV. 87 

bipustulatum, xv. 155 
Trixa, (Meig.) xv. 708 
Trixagus, (Kugel) xiv. 318 
Trogides, (Macleay) xiv. 466 
Trogoderma, {Latr.) xiv. 406 
Trogosita, {Fab.) xiv. 561 ; xv. 88. 155 

(0;?t;.)xv. 88 

calcar, xiv. 562 

squamosa, xv. 93 

blue, xv. 92 

carraboides, xv. 92 
Trogus, xiv. 247 

Trojan-knights, of Linnaeus, xv. 584 
Tropidia, {Meig.) xv. 705 
Trox, xiv. 508 

of Fab. and Olivier, xiv. 467 

dubius, xiv. 412 

horridus, xiv. 467 

spinicornis, xiv. 466 
Truncatipennes, description of the, xiv. 

183 
Truxales, stigma of the metathorax of, 

xiv. 3 
Truxalis, {Fah.) xv. 176 
Trypananeus, xv. 91 
Tryphyllus, {Dej.) xv. 87 
Trypoxylon, {Fab.) xv. 378 

{Lat.) XV. 377 

Ctiv. Index. 



Trypeta, {Meig.) xv. 716 
Tubicenus, {Dej.) xv. 54 
Turdus gryllivora, xv. 214 
Turf-ants, emigration of, xv. 453 

instinct of the, xv. 464 
Tychus {Leach.) xv. 167 
Tylode, xv. 62 



Uleoiota, {Lat.) xv. 95 

flavipes, xv. 96 
Ulidia, {Meig.) xv. 717 
Ulocerus {Schoen.) xv. 55 
Uloma, {Dej.) xv. 2 
Ulomo, {Meg. Sf Dej.) xv. 3 
Ulonata, of Fab ,xv. 169. 178 
Ulosomus, {Schcen.) xv. 62 
Upis, {Fab.) xiv. 562 

ceramboides, xiv. 562 
Urania, (Fab.) xv. 593. 594 
Urocerata, xv. 358. 403 
Urocerus, {Jtir.) xv. 358 
Urophora Hardwickii, xv. 261 
Usia, {Lat.) xv. 693 



Vaguevague, what called, xv. 346 
Vanessa, {Fab.) xv. 587 

morio, xv. 587 
Vappo, {Lat.) xv. 701 
Velia, {Lat.) xv. 221 
Veliffi, the, xv. 248 
Vermilion, xv. 291 
Vers polypes, xv. 744 
Vertebralia, insects next in rank to, xiv. 

38 
Verrucivora, experiment upon, xv. 203 
Vespa, {Lin.) xv. 365. 380 

chartaria, xv. 528 

crabro, xv. 517 

habits of, xv. 516 

minuta, xv. 365 

muraria, xv. 524 

nidulans, xv. 527 

proper, {Lat.) xv. 381 

vulgaris, xv. 517 
Vespariae, xv. 380. 516 
Vesperus, {Dej.) xv. Ill 
Vipion, XV. 303 
Volucella, xv. 759 

(Geoff.) XV. 702 
Vrillettes, xiv. 379 



Walking-leaves, what named, xv. 191 
Wasp, appearance of reason in a, xiv. 
109 
the common, xv. 517 

O o 



282 



INDEX. 



Wasp, curious experiment upon tlie eyes 
of, xiv. 46 
nest of the common, xv. 519 

Wasps, the, xv. 380 

combats amongst the, xv. 523 
crowd plants and flowers, when, 

xiv. 61 
habits of the, xv. 516 
how destroyed, xv. 200 
instinct of the paste-board, xv. 

528 
nests of the paste-board, xv. 529 
metamorphosis of, xiv, 118 
method of destroying, xv. 523 
nests of, xiv. 119 
neuters among, xiv. 19. 78 
pedicle of, xiv. 52 
size of, xiv. 96 
society of, xiv. 114 
sting of, XV. 389 
temporary society of, xiv. 120 
wings of, xiv. 16 

Water-scorpions, xv. 248 

Wax-moth, xv. 563 

White-ants, xv. 332 

White-worm, what so called, xiv. 447- 
480 

Wimbles, xiv. 379 

Winged insects, thorax of, xiv. 11 

Wood-ants. xv. 404 

Wood-lice,'xv. 346 

metamorphosis of, xiv. 82 
moulting of the, xiv. 142 
roll themselves in a ball, xiv. 

129 
what called, xv. 345 

Worms, description of, xiv. 38 

of flies, (improperly so called,) 

xiv. 84 
remark of Aristotle respecting, 
xiv. 80 



Xantholinus, xiv. 292 

Xenops, lenses in the eye of, xiv. 48 

Xestomyza, (fVied.) xv. 693 

Xiphydria, (Lat.) xv. 358 

Xorides, {Latr.) xv. 361 

Xya, (////g.) XV. 174 



Xya variegata, xv. 174 
Xyela, (Dalm.) xv. 357 
Xyla variegata, xv. 196 
Xylita, (Payk.) xv. 17 
Xyphicera, {Lat.) xv. 176 
Xylocopa, {Fnb.) xv. 384 

{Lat.) XV. 383 
Xylophagi, xv. 81. 83 
Xylophagus proper, xv, 699 
Xylophili, xiv. 467 
Xylophilus, of Bonelli, xv. 53 
Xylota, XV. 705 
Xylotrogi, xiv. 309. 352 
Xysta, {Meig.) xv. 709 
Xytelinus, {Lat.) xiv. 350 



Yellow ant, xv. 443 
Ypsolophus, {Fab.) xv. 625 
Yponomeuta, {Lat.) xv. 626 



Zabrus, description of xiv. 211 

gibbus, xiv. 211 
Zancudos culices, xv. 733 ■ - 

Zeli, the, xv. 244 
Zelima, {Fab.) xv. 584 
Zelus, (Fab.) xv. 220 

rufescens, xv. 244 
Zethus, {Fab.) xv. 381 
Zeuzera, {Lat.) xv. 604 
Zirophorus coriaceus, xiv. 300 
Zodion, {Lat.) xv. 706 
Zonitis, XV. 51 

{Fab.) XV. 33, 34 

larvae of, xv. 44 
Zoophytes, description of, xiv. 37 
Zophosis, xiv. 566 

(Lat.) xiv. 544 

(Germ.) xiv, 544 
Zuphium, description of, xiv. 190 
Zygsena, xv, 599 

{Fab.) XV. 595 
Zygcenides, xv. 599 
Zygia, (Fab.) xiv. 341 

oblonga, xiv. 341 
Zygops, XV. 62 

Zyrophorus, description of, xiv. 296 
Zygothrica dispar, xv. 774. 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE 



AUTHORS QUOTED ]N THIS WORK. 



In explaining the abbreviations employed to indicate the numerous 
writers necessarily referred to in this work, it has been thought useful to 
give the reader a general idea of their profession, the period of their birth 
and decease, and of the character of their writings. 



Abild. — Abildgaardt (Peter 
Christian), a Danish naturalist ; 
Professor at Copenhagen, died in 
1808. 

One of the eontinuers of the Zoologia 
Danica of M'uller, and author of va- 
rious Memoirs publislied among those 
of the Society of Natural History, 
and of The Royal Society of Sciences 
of Copenhagen, as well as of the So- 
ciety of Naturalists of Berlin. 

Acad, des So. 

I thus quote the " Memoires de 1' Acade- 
luie des Sciences,'' of Paris, of \vhich 
one quarto volume was annually pub- 
lished from 1700 to 1790. 

I have also occasionally quoted the " Me- 
moires des Savans Etrangers a 1' Acade- 
mie," eleven volumes, from 1750 to 
1786. 

I have .ilso frequently quoted the ' ' Me- 
moirs of the Academy of Berlin" from 
1819, and the new ones of the Aca- 
demia Natura; Curiosorum of Bonn, 
from Vol. IX. 1818, at which period 
they assumed their new form. 

For those of the Academy of Petersburg, 
see Petcrob. or Petrop. 

AcosTA or rather Mendez da 
Costa (Emmanuel), a Portuguese 
naturalist, resident in London. 

" Ilistoria Naturalis Tcstaceorum Bri- 
tannije," 1 vol. 4to. Loudon, 177o. 

Adanson (Michael), born at Aix 



in 1727, and died in Paris I8O6, 
Member of the Academie des Sci- 
ences, and one of the first natural- 
ists who attempted the classification 
of Shells according to their animals. 

" Histoirc Naturelle des Coquillages du 
Senegal," 1775, 1 vol. 4to. 

Agassis, a German naturalist. 

Editor of the "• Fishes of Spix," and au- 
tlior of Memoirs in the Isis. 

Ahr. — Ahrens. 

" Augusti Ahrensii, Fauna Inscctorum 
Europa;, fascic. 1 — Xll." 

Alb. or Albin. — Albin (Elea- 
zar), an English painter. 

"A Natural History of Birds," 3 vols. 

4to. London, 1731 — 38, containing 306 

indifferent coloured plates. 
" A Natural History of Spiders," 1 vol. 

4to. with plates. London, 1736. 

ALBiNus(Bernard-Sigefroy) Pro- 
fessor at Leyden, and one of the great 
anatomists of the eighteenth century, 
born at Frankfort in 1697, died in 
1770. 

We have only had occasion to quote 
him for the description of the Penna- 
luls- inserted in the " Annotationes 
Academicic," 8 Nos. in 4to. Lcydcn, 
1754—1768. 
O '2 



284 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



Aldrov. or Aldr. — Aldrovan- 
Di (Ulysse), a nobleman of Bologna, 
Professor of the University of Bo- 
logna, born 1525, died blind, 1605. 

His " Natural History," in fourteen vols, 
folio, from 1.599 to 1640, eleven of 
which are on the subject of animals, 
was mostly published by his suc- 
cessors. The third volume of the 
Ornithology and the first of the In- 
sects were the only ones published 
during his life. It is an undigested 
and wearisome compilation. 

Amor. — Amoreux (N.), a phy- 
sician of Montpellier. 

" Notice des Insectes de la France, re- 
putes Venimeux," 1 vol. folio, vdth 
plates. Paris, 1786. 

" Description Methodique d'une especc 
de Scorpion commune a Souvignar- 
gues, en Languedoc." Journal de 
Physique, XXXV. 

Anders. — Anderson (John), a 
merchant and bm-gomaster of Ham- 
burg, born in 1674, died in 1743. 

" Histoire Naturelle de I'lslande du 
Greenland," &c. 2 vols, 8vo. Paris, 
1750. 

This work, although antiquated and 
superficial, is still the principal source 
of our information relative to the 
Cetacea. 

Andrew (John Gerard Rein- 
hard), druggist at Hanover, born 
in 1724, died in 1793. 

" Letters written from Switzerland to 
Hanover, 1763," in the German 
Language. Tliey were at first printed 
separately in the Hanover Magazine 
for 1764 — 65, and republished in 1 
vol. 4to. Zurich, 1776. 

Ann. Mus. or du Mus. — " An- 
nales du Museum d' Histoire Natu- 
relle de Paris," by the professors of 
that establishment, 20 vols. 4to, 
from 1802 to 1813. 

This work is continued under the title 
of: 

" Memoires du Museum d'Histoirc 
Naturelle," &c. Paris, 1815, et seq. 
Eighteen volumes have been pub- 
lished. 

Argenv. — Argenvii.le (An- 
toinc Joseph Des-Alliers d'), maitre 



des Comptes of Paris, born 1680, 
died 1765. 

" L'Histoire Naturelle Eclaircie dans 
une de ses principales parties, la Con- 
ch yhologie," 4to. first edition. 
Paris, 1742; the second augmented 
by the addition of the Zoomorphose, 
ibid., 1757 ; the third augmented by 
M. Favaune, 2 vols, ibid., 1780. 

Arted. — Artedi (Peter), a 
Swedish naturalist, and a friend of 
Linnaeus, born in 1705, drowned at 
Amsterdam in 1735. 

His work on Fishes was published by 
Linnaeus. " P. Artedi Ichthyologia sive 
Opera Omnia de Piscibiis," 1 vol. 
8vo. Leyden, 1738. 

The edition of Walbaum, " Artedius 
Renovatus," 5 vols. 8vo. Gripswald, 
1788 — 89 is gi-eatly augmented, but 
by an injudicious compiler. 

AscAN. — AscANius (Peter), Pro- 
fessor at Copenhagen. 

Author of five numbers in folio, the 
first containing "■ Coloured Illustra- 
tions of the Natural History of tlie 
North," from 1767 to 1779. 

AuDEB. — Audebert (Jeau-Bap- 
tiste), a painter at Paris, born in 
Rochefort, 1759, died 1800. 

" Histoire Naturelle des Singes et des 
Maids," folio, Paris, 1800, with sixty- 
two plates drawn from the stuffed 
specimens in the Museum. 

" Oiseaux Dores on a. Reflets Metalli- 
ques," 2 vols, folio, Paris, 1802. 

AuD. — Audouin (Jean- Victor), 
Doctor of Medicine, sub-hbrarian 
to the Institute of France, assistant 
naturalist to Messrs. de Lamarck 
and Latreille at the Jardin du Roi, 
and member of various societies, 
born in Paris, 27th of April 1797- 

" Anatomic d'une Larve Apodc" 
(Conops), found in a Bombus lapi- 
darius, bv Messrs Lachat and Au- 
douin, 1818. 

" Memoire sur les rapports des Trilo- 
bites avec les Animaux Articules," 
published with plates in the Annales 
Generales des Sciences Physiques, 
VIII. p. 233. 

" Memoires sur FAchlysie, Nouveau 
Genre d'Arachnide," published with 
plates in the Mem. Soc. d' Histoire 
Naturelle, II. 497. 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



285 



" Note on a new species of Aclilysie," Id. 
II. 497. 

" Lettres sur la Generation des Insectes 
addressee a I'Academie des Sciences," 
publislied in the Annales des Sciences 
Naturelles, II. p. 281. 

" Recherclies Anatomiques surla Famille 
du Drele et sur le Male de cette Es- 
pece," published with plates in the 
Annales des Sciences Naturelles, II. 
p. 443. 

" Recherclies Anatomiques pour servir a 
THistoire Naturelle des Cantharides," 
published with plates in the Annales 
des Sciences Naturelles, IX. p. 31. 

"Prodrome d'une Histoire Naturelle, 
Chimique, &c., des Cantharides," a 
medical thesis for the degi'ee of M.D., 
4to. Paris. 

" MemoiresurlaNicothoe," a new genus 
of the Crustacea which lives on the 
blood of the Lobster. Messrs Au- 
douin and Milne Edwards, published 
in the Annales des Sciences Natur- 
elles, IX. p. 345. 

" Memoire sur T Anatomic et la Physio- 
logie des Crustaces," published in the 
same work. 

" Explication Sommaire, &c." of the 
plates in the great work on Egj-pt, 
the publication of which had been 
interrupted by the indisposition of M. 
Savigny. To M. Audouin also, in 
conjunction with M. GeofFroy Saint- 
Hilaire, we are indebted for the 
description of the Mammalia. 

" Observations pour servir aTHistoire de 
la Formation des Perles," inserted in 
the Memoires du Museum d' Histoire 
Naturelle, 1829. 

" Memoires sur plusieurs MoUusques, 
entre autres sur la Glycimere, sur 
une Clavagelle vivantc, genre Sili- 
quaire, et sur le genre Magilc," pre- 
sented to the Academic des Sciences 
in 1829, and republished from that 
work in the review of the Annales 
des Sciences Naturelles. 

With Milne Edwards. 

"Resume d'Entomologic on d'Histoire 

Naturelle des Animaux Articules," 

2 vols. 18mo. Paris, 1829. 
" Histoire Naturelle des Animaux 

du littoral de la France," still in 

MS. 

Azz. — De Azzara (Don Felix) 
a Spanish officer, born 1746, has 
given us two excellent works on 
the natural history of Paraguay. 

" Essai sur I'llistoire Naturclle^ des 
Quadrupedes du Paraguay," trans- 



lated from the manuscript by M, 
Moreau de Saint- Mery, 2 vols. Svo. 
Paris, 1801. 
" Voyages dans 1' Amerique Meridionale 
de 1781, jusqu'en 1801," translated by 
Mr. Walckenaer, 4 vols. Svo. Paris 
1809. The last two volumes, trans- 
lated by Sonnini, contain the natural 
history of the birds of Paraguay. 

Bajon, formerly staff-surgeon at 
Cayenne. 

" Memoires pour servir a I'Histoire dc 
Cayenne," &c., 2 vols. Svo. Paris. 
1777. They contain some details 
relative to the animals of that coun- 
try. 

Barr. — Barrere (Pierre), Pro- 
fessor at Perpignan, died 1755. 

" Essai sur THistoire Naturelle de la 
France Equinoxiale," 1 vol. 12mo. 
Paris, 1741. 

" Ornithologife Specimen Novum." 1 
vol. 4to. Perpignan, 1745. 

Barton (Benjam. Smith) an 
American naturalist and Professor 
at Philadelphia, died 18 16. 

" A Memoir on the power of fascina- 
tion attributed to the Rattlesnake," 1 
vol. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1796. 

" Facts, Observations, and Conjectures 
on the generation of the Opossum," 
pamphlet in 8vo. Philadelphia, 1801, 

" Some Notice of the Sirena lacertina, 
and of another species of the same 
genus," pamphlet, Svo. Philadelphia, 
1808. 

" Memoir on a Reptile called the Hell- 
bender," pamphlet, 8vo. 1812. It is 
the Salamandra gigantea. 

Bartram (William). 

" Voyage dans Ics parties sud de 
I'Amerique Septentrionale," trans- 
lated from the English by M. Benoits, 
Paris, 2 vols. Svo. 

Baud. — Baudet de la Face 
(Marie- Jean). 

" Essai sur I'Entomologie du Depart- 
ment du Puy-de-Dome," a Mono- 
graph of the Lamellicorues, 1 voL 
Svo. Clermont, 1809. 

Bast. — Baster (Job), a Physi- 
cian of Harlaem, feUow of the 
Royal Society of London, born 
1711, died 1775. 

" OpusLula Subscciva," 1 vol. -110. 



286 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



divided into two volumes with plates, 
Harlaem, 1764 and 1765. 

Basterot (B. de), a Lawyer. 

" Memoiro Geologique sur Ics Environs 
de Bourdeaux," 8vo. Paris, 1825. 

Beauv. — Beauvois (Palisot de). 
See Palisot. 

Bechst, or Bech. — Bechstein 
(J. M.), a naturalist of Saxony, 
born 1757. 

" The Common Natural History of 
Geiinany," 4 vols. 8vo. Leipsig, 1801 
— 1809. in the German language. It 
only treats of the Quadrupeds and 
Birds. 

Bell (Thomas). 

Author of various Memoirs on Reptiles 
in the Linnwan Transactions, Zoolo- 
gical Journal, &c. 

Bel. — Belon (Pierre), a Phy- 
sician at Mans, and a Professor of 
the College of France, born 1517, 
died 1564. 

" Obsei'vations faites dans sea Voyages 
en Orient," 1 vol. 4to. 1553. 

"Histoire des' Poissons," 1 vol. 8vo. 
Transv., 1551. 

" Histoire Naturelle des etranges Pois- 
sons Marins, et Description du 
Dauphin, &c." 1 vol. 4to, 1551. 

" Histoire Naturelle des Oiseau.x," 1 
vol. folio, 1551. 

Bennet (E. T.), an English 
naturalist. 

Author of several Memoirs in the 
Zoological Journal. 

Bennet (J. Whitchurch,) an 
English naturahst. 

" Natural History of the Fishes of 
Ceylon," of which but two numbers, 
in 4to. are yet published. The plates 
are beautiful. 

Bergius (Peter-Jonas), a Swed- 
ish naturalist, Professor at Stock- 
holm, died 1790. 

Quoted as author of certain Memoirs 
among those of Stockholm. 

Beseke (John Melchior Theo- 
philus), Professor at Mittau in 
Courland, born 1746. Author of 

" Materials for the History of the 



Birds of Courknd" (in German), 
8vo. 1792, Mittau and Leipzic. 

Bendant (F. S.), a French natu- 
ralist, &c., member of the Acade- 
mie des Sciences, quoted for his 

Memoirs on Shells, published in the 
Anuales du Museum. 

BESLERorMus.BESLER (Michael 
Robert), a physician at Nuremberg, 
born 1607, died I66I. 

" Rariora Musei Besleriani," folio, 
1716. 

Blainv, — Blainville (Henri 
Ducrotay de), adjunct Professor to 
the Faculte des Sciences, and 
member of the Academic des 
Sciences. 

I quote several of his Memoirs on all 
the branches of Zoology, published in 
the Aunalcs du Museum, Bulletin 
des Sciences, .Journal Physique, and 
his articles Mollusques and Vers, in 
the Dictionnaire des Sciences Natur- 
elles. The first is printed separately 
under the title of Malacologie. 
Paris and Strasb., 8vo, 1828, with 1 
vol. of plates. 

"Memoire sur les Belemnites," 4to. 
Paris, 1827. 

" Essai d'une Monographic do la Fa- 
mille des Hirudinees," 8vo. Paris, 
1827. 

Bl. — Block (Mark-Eleazer), a 
Jewish physician in Berlin, bora at 
Anspach 1723, died 1799. His 

" Ichthyology, or General and Particular 
History of Fishes," in twelve num- 
bers, folio, with 432 plates, Berlin, 
1785 — 1796, is far from being general. 
It only contains such species as he 
could procure, and almost all the 
foreign ones are badly coloured. His 

'' Systema, Ichthyologisc" — see Schnei- 
der — also includes the species of 
other authors, but arranged in a fan- 
tastic manner. 

" A Treatise on the Generation of In- 
testinal "Worms" (in German), 4to. 
Berlin, 1782. 

Blum, or Blumenb. — Blumen- 
BACH (John Frederick), Professor 
of Medicine and Natural History at 
Gottiugen. 

■' Manual of Natural History," 8th 
edition (in German), 1 vol. 8vo, 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



287 



Gottingen, 1807. There is also a 
French translation of the same by 
M. Artaud, 1 vol. 8vo. Metz, 1803. 
"Plates of Natural History" (Abhil- 
dungen), 1 numbers, 8vo. each con- 
sisting of 18 plates. Gottingen, 1796 
1810. 

BoccoNE (Paul), a Bernardine 
monk of Sicily, born in 1633, died 
1704. 

"Recherches et Observations Natur- 
elles," &c., 1 vol. r2mo. Paris, 
1671. 

BoDB. — BoDDAERT (Peter), Phy- 
sician, &c., of Flessingen, in Zea- 
land. 

"Elenchus Animalium, vol. I. sistens 

Quadrupedia," 8vo. Rotterdam, 1785. 

The sequel has not appeared. 
Four letters on as many animals of the 

Cabinet of Schlosser, and on the 

Lacerta amboinensis. 

BoHATScH (John Baptist), Pro- 
fessor at Prague, died 1772. 

" De quibusdam Animalibus," &c. 1 vol. 
4to. Dresden. 1761. 

This work contains some good observa- 
tions on certain Mollusca and Zoo- 
phyta. 

BoiE, a young naturalist of Kiel, 
who died in Java. His voyage was 
undertaken for scientific purposes. 

He had prepared extensive materials for 
publication on the Reptilia. 

BojANUs (Louis Henry), a Ger- 
man naturalist, Professor at VHna, 
died 1828. 

" Monogi-aph of the Fresh-water Tor- 
toises of Europe," folio, Vilna, 1819, 
an excellent work. He was also the 
author of several Memoirs in the Isis. 

BoisD. — BoisDUVAL (J. A.), phy- 
sician and curator of the cabinet of 
count Dejean. 

" Essai sur unc Monogi-aphie des Zyge- 
nides," 1 vol. 8vo. with plates. Paris 
1829. 

" Europseorum Lcpidopterorum Index 
Methodicus," added to the Essay, &c. 

He has lately, jointly with Major de 
Conte of the United" States army, pub- 
lished the first three numbers of ano- 
ther work, entitled 



" Histoire Generalc et Iconographie des 
Lepidopteres or des Chenilles de I'A- 
merique Septentrionale," 8vo. Paris. 

The same gentleman in conjunction with 
count Dejean, has also published the 
first numbers of another, called the 

" Iconographie et Histoire Naturelle 
des Coleopteres d'Europe," 8vo. Paris, 
1827. 

He has also described some new species 
of Lepidoptera in the Annales de la 
Societe Linneenne de Paris. 

BoMME (Leonard), a physician in 
Zealand. 

Author of certain Memoirs published 
among those of the Society of Sciences 
of Flessingen, or Flushing. 

Bon, or Bonan. — Bonanni, or 
rather Buonanni (Filippo), a Jesuit 
professor at the coUege of Rome, 
born 1638, died 1725. He was an 
assiduous observer, but we have 
only quoted his work entitled 

" Recreatio Mentis et Oculi in Observa- 
tione Animalium Testaceoruin," 1 vol. 
4to. Rome, 1684. 

BoNAP. or Ch. Bonap. — Bona- 
parte (Charles Lucien), Prince of 
Musignano, son of the prince of 
Canino. 

Author of an excellent Supplement to 
Wilson's American Ornithology, and 
of several memoirs in the Annals of 
the Lyceum of New York. 

BoNNAT. — Bon NATERRE (the Ab- 
be), Professor of natural history at 
Tulle. 

He superintended the engraving of the 
plates of the Vertebrata for the Ency- 
clopedic Methodique, and gave the 
text for those of the Reptiles and 
Fishes, 

His figures generally are copied from 
authors, and not always judiciously 
selected. 

BoNEL. — BoNELLi (Francesco), 
director of the Cabinet of Natural 
History, and professor of Zoology 
at Turin. 

" Catalogue of the Birds of Piedmont," 

pamphlet, 4to, 1811. 
" Entomological Observations," in two 

parts, published in the Memoirs of tlio 



288 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



Academy of Sciences of Turin. They 
treat of the genus Carabus of Linnaeus, 
or of the Carabici. 
He also published other Memoirs, of 
which we may particularly notice the 
" Descrizione di sei nuovi Insetti Le- 
pidoptcri della Sardegna," in the thir- 
tieth volume of the same collection. 

Bonnet (Charles), a celebrated 
philosopher and naturalist of Ge- 
neva, born in 1720, died 1793. We 
only quote his 

"■ Traite d'Inscctologie," 2 vols. 8vo. 
Paris, 1745, and in the first volume of 
his works in 4to. Neufchatcl, 1769. 

BoNT. — BoNTius (Jacques,) phy- 
sician general at Batavia in the com- 
mencement of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. 

" Historic Naturalis et JNIedica: India; 
Orientalis, libri VI." printed as a se- 
quel to the work of Pisoii, "■ De India; 
utriusque re Natural! et Medica," 

BoRLASSE (William), an English 
clergyman, curate in the county of 
Cornwall, born in I696, died 1772. 

" Natural History of Cornwall," 1 vol. 
folio. Oxford, 1758. 

BoRN (Ignatius de), a Transylva- 
nian naturalist and celebrated mine- 
ralogist, born 1742, died 1791. 

" Testacea Musci Csesarei Vindobonen- 
sis," 1 vol. folio. Vienna, 1780. 

BoRY- Saint- Vi?j CENT, anatural- 
ist of Bordeaux, who accompanied 
Captain Baudin to the Isle of France, 
and late president of the Commis- 
sion of Natural History in the Mo- 
rea. 

" Voyage aux quatres principales isles 
d'Afrique." This work, which we 
have quoted, contains various inter- 
esting Zoological obsers'ations. 

" EsBai d'uno Classification des Animaux 
Microscopiques," 8vo. Paris, 182G, 

He also furnished the explanations of the 
latter part of the plates of the article 
VerB, in the Encyclopedia Methodi- 
que. 

" Essai Monographiqne sur les Oscil- 
laires," 8vo. Paris, 1827. 

Various articles in the Dictionnaire Clas- 
sique d'Histoire Naturelle, of which 
he is the principal editor. 



Bosc (Louis), member of the 
Academic des Sciences. 

Author of numerous memoirs in the 
Actes de la Societe de THistoire Na- 
turelle, the Btilletin des Sciences, &c. 
and of the Histoires Naturelles des 
Vers, des Coquilles et des Crustaces, 
which form a sequel to Detemlle's 
small edition of Buffon. 

BosMAN (Wm.), a Dutch mer- 
chant, who lived in the seventeenth 
century. 

" A Voyage to Guinea," 1 vol. 8to., 
Utrecht, 1705, containing original 
notes on various animals. 

BouD. — BouDiER (Henri Phi- 
lippe), druggist. 

Has published in the Annales de la 
Societe Linneenne de Paris, the des- 
cription of a new species of Lema for 
the Faune Franqaise. 

BouRGUET (Louis), professor at 
Neufchatel, born 1678, died 1742. 

" Traite des Petrifications," 1 vol. 4to. 
Paris, 1742. 

BowDicH, an English naturalist. 

Author of a Journey to Ashantee, and 
of a Voyage to jNIadeira, which contain 
various observations relative to natu- 
ral history. 

BowDiCH (Mrs.) now Mi's. Lee. 

Is publishing a History of the Fresh-wa- 
ter Fishes of Great Britain, with splen- 
did plates. London 1828, 1829. 

Brander (Gustavus), an English 
naturalist, died 1787. 

"■ Fossilia Hantoniensia Collecta et in 
Museo Britannico dcposita," 4to. Lon- 
don, 1766. 

Brantz, a young Dutch natura- 
list. 

" Memoir of the Euriotis," the same Rat 
as our Otomys. 

Brebis. — Brebisson, member 
of the Societe Linneenne of Calva- 
dos. 

" Catalogue Methodique des Crustaces 
Terrestres, Fluviatiles et Marins, re- 
cueillis dans le departement du Calva- 
dos," 8vo. 



QUOTED IN Tins WORK. 



289 



Brehm (Christian-Louis), a Ger- 
man clergyman. 

"Materials for a History of Birds" (in 
German), 3 vols. 8vo. Neustadt, 1820. 
1822. 

Bremser, curator of the imi^erial 
cabinet of Vienna. 

" On tlie Worms that inhabit liviiip- 
Man" (in Gemiany), 4to. Vienna, 
1819. It has been translated into 
French by Dr. Grundler, with addi- 
tions by M. de Blainville, 8vo. Paris, 
1824. 

Breyn. — Breynius (J. Philip), 
a naturalist and physician of Dant- 
zick, born 1680, died 1764. 

" Dissertatio de Polythalamiis, nova Tes- 
taccornmclasse," 4to. Dantzick, 1732. 

" Historia Naturalis Cocci ra licnm Tinc- 
torii," 1 vol. 4to. Gedani, 1731. 

Briss. — Brisson (Mathurin Jac- 
ques), professor of natvu-al philoso- 
phy, member of the Academie des 
Sciences, and in his youth curator 
of the cabinet of natural history of 
Reaumur; born 1723, died 1806. 

" Le Regno Animal di vise en IX classes," 
1 vol. 4to. Paris, 1750'. It only con- 
tains the Quadrupeds and Cetacea. 

" Ornithologie," G vols. 4to. Paris 1770. 
A useful work on account of the mi- 
nute exactness of the descriptions. 
The plates were drawn by the same 
hand that furnished the figures of the 
Planches Enluminees of Buffon, and 
are frequently taken from the same 
specimens. 



Bf 



Zoc 



Under this title we quote the large ano- 
nymous folio with tine plates, called 
" British Zoology," pnnted in London 
in 176G. It is by Pennant, and has 
been re])roduccd by him under the 
same title in 4 vols. 8vo. See Pennant. 

Brocchii G ), a military engineer, 
died 1828 at Syria, in the service of 
the Pacha of Egypt. 

" Conchiologia Fossile Subapennina," 
2 vols. 4to. Milan, 1814. 

Brongn. — Bronginiaut (Alex- 
ander), member of the Academie 
des Sciences, and i)rofessor of the 
Cuv. Tabic of Aulliors. 



Faculte des Sciences de Paris, and 
of the Jardin du Roi, born 1770. 

" Essai d'une Classification Naturelle des 
Reptiles," 4to. Paris, 1805. 

I also quote his works on the Fossil 
Shells — " Coquillcs Fossiles". — both 
in the Annales du Museum, and our 
joint publication on the geology of 
the environs of Paris, I also refer to 
his 

" Histoire des Crustaces Fossiles," 4to. 
published by him and M. Desmaret. 
Paris, 1812." 

Brouss. — Broussonnet (Pierre- 
Marie-Auguste), perpetual secretary 
to the Societe d'Agricidture, and 
member of the Academie des Sci- 
ences ; born 1 761, died 1807- I 
quote his 

" Memoire sur les Chiens de Mer," in 
the Memoires de FAcademie des Sci- 
ences, 1780. Also his 

■■' Ichthyologia," 4to. of which but one 
part was published. London and 
Paris, 1782. 

Brown Jam. — Brown (Patrick), 
an Irish physician, resident in Ja- 
maica. 

" The Civil and Natural History of Ja- 
maica," 1 vol. folio. London, 1756. 

Brown or Be. — Brown (Peter), 
an English painter. 

" New Illustrations of Zoology," 1 vol. 
4to. London, 1776, with fifty coloured 
plates of animals of various classes^ — 
all of them indifferently executed. 

Bruce (James), the celebrated 
Scotch traveller, born 1730, died 
1794. 

" Travels in Abyssinia, and to the Sources 
of the Nile." I quote the French 
translation, 5 vols. 4to. Paris, 1790. 

Brug. — Brugieres (Jean-Guil- 
laume), a physician at Montpellier, 
and a traveller, born 1 750, and died 
at Ancona on his return from Per- 
sia, 1799. I quote his 

" Dictionnaire des Vers," published in 
the Encyclopedie Melhodiquc. But 
one volume, 4to. has appeared. Paris, 
1792. I also quote iiis 

" Figures de Vers," for the same work, 
of which there are four. 
Pp 



290 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



BiiuN. — Drunnick (Martin T.), 
R Danish naturalist, Professor at 
Copenhagen. 

" Iclitliyologia Massilicnsis," &c., 1 vol. 
8vo. Copcnliagen and Leipsic, 1 76o. 

"Entomologiasistcns Insectorum Tabu- 
las Sj'stematicas," 8vo. Copenliagcn, 
1764. Also various Memoii-s pub- 
lished among tbose of tlie Society of 
Sciences, and of the Society of Natu- 
ral History, of Copenhagen. 

BucHAN. — Buchanan (Dr. Fran- 
cis Hamilton), a Scotch physician 
at Bengal, died in 1829. 

Author of certain Memoirs in the Trans- 
actions of the Linnfeau Society, and of 
a Joimiey from jMadras to the My- 
sore ikc. ■\vhich contains several valu- 
able obsciTations. We are particularly 
indebted to him for 

''A Natural History of the Fishes of 
the Ganges," 1 vol. 4to. v/ith a great 
number of excellent plates, Edin- 
burgh, 182-2. 

BucKLAND (William), professor 
of Geology at Oxford, author of the 

'' Iveliquia^ Diluviana\" 4to. London, 
182o, and of numerous Memoirs on 
fossils. 

Buff. — Buffon (Georges-Louis- 
Leclerc, Comte de), Intendant of 
the Jardin dn Roi, and Treasurer 
of the Acade'mie des Sciences, born 
1707, died 17SS. 

" Histoire Naturelle, gcnerale ct parti- 
culiere, avec la Description du Cabinet 
du Roi." I alwavs quote the Paris 
edition of 1749— 1789, in 3(5 vols. 4to. 
of which iJ/ree are general, ^;ft'/ re re- 
late to QuaiU'upeds, seven are supple- 
ments to his general observations and 
to the Quadrupeds, nine treat of Birds, 
and Jive of Minerals. 

BuF. Enl or Enlum, See Plan- 
ches Enluminees. 



Bullet, des Sc. 

"Bulletin des Sciences par la Societe 
Philomatique," a journal which has 
appeared monthly since 1791, which 
contains a multittulc of n1)iidgcd and 
valuable observations relative to Na- 
tural Historv. 



BuRCHELL, an English traveller. 

" Travels in the Interior of Southern 
Africa." 



Carena (Giacinto), professor at 
Turin. 

" Monograph of the Genus Hirudo," vol. 
XXV. of the Memoirs of the Acade- 
my of Turin, 4to. 1820. 

Carmich. — Carmichael, an 
English officer. 

I quote his Memoir on the Fishes of 
Tristan d'Acuuha. Lin. Trans. XH. 

Carus (Charles-Gusta\Tis), Pro- 
fessor at Dresden. 

Author of several works on comparative 
Anatomy. I quote his Memoir on 
the circulation in the Larvse of the 
Neuroptera, printed in German, 4to. 
Leipsic, 1827. 

Cat.Catesb. — Catesby (Mark), 
a traveller in North America, born 
16S0, died 1749. 

'• The Natural History of Carolina, Flo- 
rida, and the Bahama Islands," 2 vols, 
folio, with an Appendix and two hun- 
dred and twentv coloured plates, Lon- 
don, 1731. 1743. 

Cauche (Francois), of Rouen, a 
soldier or sailor at Madagascar, died 
I63S. 

'' L'^ne Relation de Madagascar," &c. 1 
vol. 8vo. 1631. 

Cavolini (Filippo), a physician 
and naturalist at Naples. 

" iSIeniorie per servire alia Storia de' Po- 
lipi Marini," 4to. Naples, 1785. 

"Sulla Crenerazione dei Pescie dei 
Granchi," 1 vol. 4to. Naples, 1787. 

Cetti (Francesco). 

I " Storia Naturale di Sardegna," 4 vols. 
I 12mo. Sassai-i, 1774 — 1777. 

I Chabert, director of the Ecole 
' Veterinau-e at Alfort. 

I " Trait 6 des Maladies Vermincuscs dans 
I los Animaux," pamphlet, Bvo. Paris, 

1782. 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



291 



Chab. — Chabrier (J.) a cor- 
responding member of the Societe 
d'Histoire Naturelle. 

He published a scries of Memoirs on the 
flight of Insects, in the Annales du 
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. A cer- 
tain number of impressions were taken 
separatelj', which form his " Essai sur 
le Vol des Insectes," 1 vol. 4to. Paris, 
1823. 

Chamisso (Adelbert de), a dis- 
tinguished hterary gentleman and 
naturahst of Berhn, who sailed 
round the world with Captain Kot- 
zebue. 

I quote his Memoir on the Salpai (in 
Latin), 1 vol. 4to. Berlin, 1830. 

Charp. — Charpentier (Tous- 
saint de). 

" Horse Entomological," 1 vol. 4to. with 
plates. Breslau, 1825. 

Chemn. — Chemnitz (John Je- 
rome), of Magdeburg, chaplain to 
the garrison of Copenhagen, born 
1730. 

He continued the gi'eat work on Conch y- 
liology of Martini, and is the author 
of various Memoirs published among 
those of the Society of Naturalists of 
Berlin, of Copenhagen, and of the Na- 
turforscher. 

Choris (Louis), a Russian pain- 
ter, who accompanied Captain Kot- 
zeljue in his voyage round the world. 
He was assassinated near Vera- 
Cruz, when about to commence his 
travels in Mexico. 

" Vovage Pittoresque autour du Monde," 

folio.' Paris, 1822. 
" Vues et Paysages des Regions Equi- 

noxialcs," folio. Paris, 1826. 

Clairv. — Clairville, an Eng- 
lish naturalist, residing in Switzer- 
land. 

" Entomologie Hclvctiquc," 2 vols. 8vo. 
in French and German, with excel- 
lent plates. The first volume was 
published in 1798, and the second in 
1806 ; both were printed at Zurich. 

Clarck, an English Veterinary 
Surgeon. 



" A MonogTaph of the CEstri," in the 
third volume of the Linna'an Transac- 
tions. He has published a second 
edition of it. 

Clerc (Charles), a Swedish pain- 
ter and a pupil of Linnaeus. 

" Aranei Suecici Descriptionibus et Fi- 
guris Illustrati," 1 vol. 4to. in Swedish 
and Latin. Holmia^. 1757. 

" Iconcs Insectorum Rariorum," 1 vol . 
4to. HolmicT, 1759—1764. This 
work is useful as an in<lication to the 
Lepidoptcra described by Linnajus, 
from the Cabinet of Queen Frederica 
Ulrica. 

Cloquet (Jules), a physician and 
surgeon of Paris. 

" Anatomic des Vers Intcstinaux," 4to. 
Paris, 1824. 

Clus. — Clusius, or l'Ecluse 
(Charles), born at Arras 1526, died 
1609. He was physician to the Em- 
peror, and subsequently a professor 
at Ley den. 

"Exoticoi-um Libri X," 1 vol. folio. 
Anvers, 1C05. 

Collet Meignet (G. F. H.), 
physician. 

" Memoire sur un Vcr trouve dans le 
rein d'un Chieu" (the Strongylus <p- 
c/as), inserted in the Journal de Phy- 
sique, vol. LV. 

Fab. Col. — Columna (Fabius), 
a physician at Rome, an illegitimate 
descendant of the illustrious house 
of Colonna, born 1567^ died about 
1660. He was an exact and erudite 
observer. 

" De Purpura," 4to. 1616. 

'" Aquatiliiim ei Tcrrestrium aliquot 
Animalium, aliarumque Naturalium 
Rerum Obscrvationct;," printed at the 
end of his Ecphrasis, ib.,4to. 1616. 

Com. or Commers. — Commeu- 
soN (Philibert), born at Dombes in 
1727, and died at the Isle of France, 
1773. A most indefatigable travel- 
ler, and learned naturalist. 

1 quote his manuscrijits and drawings 
deposited in the Library of the Mu- 
seum. 

pp 2 



292 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



Cook (Captain), the celel)rated 
navigator, born 1728, and killed at 
the Sandwich Islands in 1779- 

His three great voyages, which have hcen 
transLited into all languages, are well 
known to every one, 

CoQUED. — CoQUEBERT (Antoinc 
Jean), a naturalist established at 
Rheims. 

" Illustratio Inconographica Inscctorum 

qiue in Museis Parisinis obscrvavit J. 

Chr. Fabricius," 3 parts, 4to. Paris, 

1799—1804. 
He also published various notes in the 

Bulletin des Sciences. 

Couch (Jonathan), an English 
naturalist. 

I qiiotc liis paper " On the Fishes of 
Cornwall." Linn. Trans. XIV. 

Cram. — Cramer (Peter), a mer- 
chant of Amsterdam. 

" Papillons Exotiqncs des trois parties 
du Monde, T Asie, T Afrique, et FAme- 
rique," in Dutch and French, 4 vols. 
4to. containing four hundred coloured 
plates. Amsterdam, 1779 — 1782. 

For tlie Supplement, see StoU. 

Creutz. — CREUTZER(Christian). 

" Entomologische Versuche," or Ento- 
mological Essays, 8vo. with coloured 
plates, Vienna, 1799. 

Crevelt, a German naturalist. 

Author of a Memoir on a Gecko, pub- 
lished among those of the Society of 
Naturalists of Berlm. 1809. 

Curt.— Curtis (John), an Eng- 
lish naturalist and painter. 

He has commenced a work illustrating 
the genera of Insects and ]ilants Pecu- 
liar to Great Britain. Their charac- 
ters are figured with the greatest accu- 
racy. 

Tliis work, which is published in num- 
bers, already forms 3 vols. 8vo. 

Tlie same author has also publislied in 
the Zoological Journal some interest- 
ing observations on the Elater nocti- 
lucus. 

Cuv. — CuviER ( George- Leopold- 
Cretien-Frederic-Dagobert), born at 
Montbehard, 1769; perpetual Se- 
cretary to the Academie des Scien- 
ces, &c. &c. &c. 



Of my own works, exclusive of my Me- 
moirs contained in tlie Annates du 
Museum, I quote tlie following : 

Menag. du Mus., or " Menagerie du Mu- 
seum d' Histoire Naturelle," by Messrs. 
Lacepede, Cuvier, and Geoffi-oy, with 
plates coloured by Marechal, and en- 
graved by Miger, 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 
1804. There is another edition in 
folio. 

Tab. Elcm., or " Tableau Elementaire 
de FHistoire Naturelle des Animaux," 
1vol. 8 vo. Paris, 1798. 

Le(j. d'Anat. Comp., or "■ Lec^ons d'Ana- 
tomie Comparee, recueillies et pub- 
liees par MM. Dumcril and Duvcr- 
noy," 5 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1800, 1805, 

Rech. sur les Oss. Foss., or " Recherches 
sur les Ossemcnts Fossiles des Quad- 
rupedes," 4 vols. 4to. Paris, 1812. 
A second edition was published in 5 
vols. 4to. 1821—1823. 

Mem. sur les Moll., or " Memoircspour 
servir a FHistoire des Mollusques," 1 
vol. 4to. Paris, 1816. 

Cuv. ET VaL. CUVIER AND Va- 

LENCIENNES. 

"L'Histoire Naturelle des Poissons," a 
work which I am now publishing in 
conjunction with M. Valenciennes. 
There are now completed 5 vols. 4to. 
and 8vo. Paris and Strasburg. 

Fred. Cuv. — Cuvier (Fred.), 
Inspector General of the University 
of Paris, member of the Academie 
des Sciences, &c. &c., born at Mont- 
beliard, 1773. 

I quote his Memoires in the Annales du 
Museum, and principally those whicli 
relate to tlie teeth of the Mammalia, 
published in 1 vol. 8vo. Paris, 1825. 
I also particularly cite his 

" Histoire Naturelle des Mammiferes," 
published in conjunction "wnth M. 
Geutt'roy Saint-llilaire in folio and 
4to. A^ith illustrations d^a^^'n from na- 
ture. 

Cyrill. — Cyrillus or Cirillo 

(Dominico), a physician at Naples 
pubhcly executed in 1796- 

" Entomologiffi Neapolitans Speeimen," 
1 vol. folio. M'ith coloured plates. Na- 
ples, 1787. 



Dahl (George). 

" Coleoptera and Lepidoptera," 1 vol. 
8vo. Vienna, 1823. 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



293 



Daldorf, a Danish officer. 

Author of Memoirs on certain Fishes, 
published in the Linnean Transactions, 
and in the Journal of Gottingen. 

Dalm — Dalman (John Wm.), 
lately deceased at Stockholm, where 
he was director of the Mnaeum. 

" Analecta Entomologica," 1 vol. 4to. 

■with plates. Holmise, 1823. 
" Prodromus Monogi'apliife Castni»," 1 

vol. 4to. with one plate, Holmia^, 

1825. 
" Om NagTa Svenska Arter of Coccus," 

Memoir, 4to. \rith plates. Stockholm, 

1826. 
" A Monograph of the Chalciditcs, or of 

the Insects of his family of the Ptero- 

malni," 1 vol.Svo. Stockholm, 1820. 
" A Synopsis of the Lepidoptera of Swe- 
den," published in the Memoirs of the 

Academy of Stockholm, 1816. 
" Ephemerides Entomologicse," 1 vol. 

8vo. Holmiff, 1824. 
" A Memoir on certain Ichneumonides," 

1 vol. 8vo. Stockholm, 1826. 
A second, in the Swedish language, on 

the Insects enclosed in Copal, ] vol. 

8vo. Stockholm, 1826. 

Dal. — Dalyell (J. Graham), a 
Scotch naturalist. 

" Observations on Various Interesting 
Phenomena of the Planaria," 8vo. 
Edinburgh, 1814. 

Dampier (William), the cele- 
brated Enghsh mariner, born 1652. 

" Voyage round the World," 2 vols. 8vo. 
London, 1697 and 1699. It has been 
translated into French, and has passed 
tlirough several editions. It contains 
some interesting traits of the history 
of animals. 

Daniels (Samuel), an English 
painter. 

" African Scenery," 1 vol. folio, a mag- 
nificent work, which contains several 
beautiful figures of extremely rare 
animals. 

Daub. — Daubenton (L.-Jean- 
Marie), born at Montbard, 1716, 
died at Paris, 1800. He was a Pro- 
fessor of the Museum and of the 
College de France, and member of 
the Institute. 

I quote the descriptions of the animals 
with which he has enriched the Natu- 
ral History of BufFon. 



Datjd. — Daudtn (Francois-Ma- 
rie), died at Paris in 1804. 

" Traite Elementaire et Complet d'Or- 
nithologie," of which but 2 vols. 4to. 
Paris, 1800, have yet appeared ; they 
only contain the Birds of Prey, and a 
part of the Passerinse. It is an indif- 
ferent compilation. 

"HistoireNaturelle des Reptiles," 8vo]s. 
8vo. Paris, 1802 and 1803, a sequel 
to tlie Buffon of Sonnini. 

" Histoire Naturelle des Rainettes, des 
Grenouillcs et des Crapauds," 1 vol. 
8vo. with numerous and coloured 
plates. Paris, 1803. 

Dej. — Dejean (Comte), peer of 
France, lieutenant-general, &c. 

" Catalogue dc la Collection des Coleop- 

teres de M. le Comte Dejean," 1 vol. 

8vo. 1821. 
" Species General des Coleoptercs," 3 

vols. 8vo. 1825—1829. The fourth 

volume has lately been published. 
" Histoire Naturelle et IconogTaphic 

des Coleoptercs d'Europe," by MM. 

Latreille and Count Dejean, 3 nos. 

8vo. 1822. 
See BoisDUVAL. 

Juss. — De Jussieu (Antoine de), 
Professor of Botany to the Jardin 
du Roi; born at Lyons 1686, died 
1758. 

I quote some of his Memoirs on Zoo- 
logy, published among those of the 
Academie des Sciences. 

Dekay (James E.), an American 
physician and naturalist. 

Author of several Memoirs in the An- 
nals of the Lyceum of New York. 

Delap. et Brul. — Delaporte 
de Brulle. 

" Notice sur un Nouveau Genre de la 
Famille des Charansons," published 
in the fourth volume of the Memoircs 
de la Societe d'Histoire Naturelle de 
Paris. 

Delle Chiaje (Stefano), Pro- 
fessor at Naples. 

" Memoirs on the History of the Inver- 
tebrate Animals of the Kingdom of 
Naples," 2 vols. 4to. Naples, 1823, 
1825. 

Deluc (John Andrew), a natu- 
ralist of Geneva, &c. 



294 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



I liavc only finoted this celebrated geo- 
logist in relation to his Memoir " Sur 
lespicrresjudaiques," published in the 
'• Memoirs des Savants etrangers." 

Deshayes (G. p.) a naturalist of 
Paris. 

" Anatomic et Mouographie du genre 
Dentale," in the " Description des 
Coquillcs Fossiles des Environs do 
Paris," 4to. Paris, 18-24, 1825. 

Desm. — Desmarets (Anselme 
Gaetan) ; corresponding memljer of 
the Academic des Sciences, and 
Professor of Zoology to the Ecole 
Veterinaire of Alfort. 

" Histoire Naturclle des Tangaras, des 
Manakins, et des Todiers," 1 vol. fo- 
lio. Paris, 1805. 

" Traite do Mannnalogic," serving as an 
explanation to the plates of the iMani- 
maliaofthe Encyclopedic INIethodique, 
1 vol. 4to. Pans, 1820. 

He is also the author of various articles 
in the " Dictionnaire d'Histoirc Natn- 
relle ;" of which we will particularly 
designate that on the Malacostraca. 

" Considerations gcnerales sur la Classc 
des Crustaces," 1 vol. 8vo. with plates. 
Paris, 1803. 

" Histoire Naturclle des Crustaces Fos- 
siles," published by him and M. Brong- 
niart. 

Desmoulins (Charles), vice-pre- 
sident of the Societe Linneenne de 
Bonrdeaux. 

" Essai sur Ics Spherulitcs." Bourdcaux, 
182G. 

DiQ. or DiQUEM. — Dicquemare 
(the Abbe' Jacques Francois), a na- 
turalist of Havre, born 1733, died 

1789. 

An indefatigable observer, and author of 
various memoirs on the Zoophyta and 
Mollusca in the Philosophical Trans- 
actions, Journal de Physique, &c. &c. 

Donati (Yitale), a physician at 
Padua, and traveller to the king 
of Sardinia, born 1733, and ship- 
wrecked on his return from Egypt 
in 1763. 

"Natural History of the Adriatic Sea," 
published in Italian, 1 vol. 4to. Ve- 
nice, 1750. The French translation, 
La Haye, 1753. An imperfect and 
superficial work. 



DoNov. — Donovan (Edward), 
an English painter. 

" The Natural History of British Fishes," 
5 vols. 8vo. London, 1820. 

" The Natural History of British In- 
sects," 8vo. 

" An Epitome of the Natural History of 
the Insects of China," 1 vol. 4to. 
London, 1778. 

" An Epitome of the Natural History of 
the Insects of India," 4to. Loudon, 
1800. I have seen but twelve nos. 

" General Illustration of Entomologj'," 
Part I. " An E])itomc of the Insects 
of Asia," 1 vol. 4to. London, 1805. 

Dorthes (Jacques Antoine), a 
physician at Montpellier, born 1759, 
died 1794. 

"• Memoire sur les AraigTiecs Maqon- 
ncs," published in the second volume 
of the Transactions Linneennes. 

Drap or Draparn. — Drapar- 
NAUD (Jacques Philippe Raimond), 
Professor at Montpellier, born 1772, 
died 1804. 

" Tableau des Mollusqucs Terrcstres et 
Fluviatilcs de la France," pamphlet, 
8vo. Montpellier and Paris, 1801. 

" Histoire Naturclle des Mollusqucs 
Terrcstres et Fluviatilcs de la France," 
4to. with fine engravings. Paris, 1805. 

Dkap. — Drapiez, Professor of 
Ghemistry at Brussels. 

jNIemoirs on a new genus oftetramerus 
Coleoptcra, and a description of new 
species of Mammalia, Birds, and In- 
sects, published i]i the Annales Gene- 
rales des Sciences Physiques. 

Drue. — Drury, an English gold- 
smith, lately deceased. 

'• Illustrations of Natural History," 3 
vols. 4to. v.ith iincly coloured plates 
representing the rarer insects of his 
cabinet. London, 1770 — 1782. 

DuF. — DuFouR (Leon), a phy- 
sician at Saint- Sever, Landes. 

" Memoire Anatomique sur une nouvelle 
cspcce dTnsecte du genre Brachine," 
in the 18th volume of the Annales dr. 
Museum d'Histoirc Naturclle. 

" Various memoirs, " Sur T Anatomic des 
Coleoptercs, des Cigales, des Ciaadel- 
les, des Laliidoures," on a new species 
of Ornithomyia', and on the genus 
Ocyptera, published in the Annales 
des Sciences Naturcllcs. Two Me- 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



29^ 



moil's inserted in tlic Journal de Phy- 
sique, one on the Anatomy of the 
Scorpions, and the other on that of the 
Scolia. The Annales Generales des 
Sciences Physiques contain several 
others, in which he gives a desciiption 
of various Araclmides, and of several 
new species of Coleoptera, together 
wth the anatomy of the Ranatra line- 
aids, and of the Nepa cinciea. 

DuFTS. DUFTSCHMID (Gas- 

pard). Professor at Lintz. 

" Fauna Austria?," 8vo. in German. 

I have only seen the first two volumes, 
one of which appeared in 1805, and 
the other 1 81 2. Lintz and Leipsic. 

DuGEz (Antoine) Professor at 
Montpellier. 

"■ Recherches sur la Circulation, la Res- 
piration et la Reproduction des An- 
nelides a branches," 1828. 

" Especes Indigenes du genre Lacerta," 
Annales des Sc. Nat.,"XVI. 1828. 

DUHAM. DUHAMEL DU MoN- 

cEAu, naturalist, agriculturist, &c., 
member of the Academie des 
Sciences, born at Paris 1/00, died 
1782. 

" Traite general des Peclies," folio, 
Paris, 1769. I quote this work on 
account of the number of good plates 
of fishes which it presents. 

DUM. or DUMER. DuMERlL 

(Constant), Professor to the Facxilte 
de Medicine, and to the Jardin du 
Roi, member of the Academie des 
Sciences, born at Amiens, 1774. 

Editor of the first two volumes of my 
" Lecous d' Anatomic Comparee." 

" Zoologie Analytique," 1 vol. 8vo. Paris, 
1806. 

" Traite Elementaire d'Histoire Natu- 
relle," 2 vols. 8vo. second edition. 
Paris, 1807. Fourth edition, Paris, 
1830. 

Various Memoirs on Comparative Ana- 
tomy, among which is one on the 
" Poisons Cyclostomes," &c. 

" Considerations Generales sur la 
Classe des Inscctes," 1 vol. 8vo, with 
plates. 

Also the articles in the Dictionnaire 
des Sciences Naturclles relative to 
Insects. 

DUPONCH. — DUPO^JCIIEL (A. J.), 



continuer of Godart's Natural His- 
tory of the Lepidoptera of France. 

"MonogTaphie du Genre Erotyle," 
4to. with plates, printed in the twelfth 
volume of the Memoires du Museum 
d'Histoirc Naturelle. 

He has continued, from the sixth volume 
inclusively, the work of the late M. 
Godart,='cntitled " Histoire Xaturelle 
des Lepidopteres de France." The 
seventh is nearly completed. He has 
described a new genus of Coleopterous 
Insects, which he calls Adelostoma, 
and has published observations on 
the nietiimorphosis of the N}'phale 
Petit Sylvain. 

DupoRT (Andrew Peter), fello^y 
of the Royal Society of London. 

Author of a Memoir on the Glaucus, in 
the fifty-third volume of the Philo- 
sophical Transactions. 

DuTERTRE (Jean-Baptiste), a 
Dominican friar, missionary to the 
Antilles, born 1610. 

" Histoire Generale des Antilles habit ees 
par les Francais," 4 vols. 4to. Paris, 
1666, 1671. 

The second volume, or that relative to 
Natural History, contains some good 
observations. There is an edition in 
1 vol. 1654. 

DuTROCHET (N.), physician at 
Chateau- Renaud . 

An accurate and ingenious obsci-vcr, 
author of certain memoir's in the 
Annales du Museum, &c. 

Duv. — DuvAu (Augusta), mem- 
ber of the Societe d'Histoire Natu- 
reUe. 

"Nouvelles Recherches sur I'Histoirc 
Naturelle des Pucerons," a memoir 
read before the Academie des Sciences 
on the 26th of April 1825, and pub- 
lished in the Memoires du Museum 
d'Histoirc Naturelle. 



Edwards (George), an English 
painter, member and librarian of 
the Royal Society. 

"Natural History of Rare Birds," 4 

vols. 4to. 
' Gleanings of Natural Ilistoiy," 3 vols. 
4to. 



296 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



These two works form but one single 
collection of three hundred and sixty- 
two plates. 

Next to the Planches Enluminees, it is 
the richest in respect to Birds that 
we possess. It also contains animals 
of other classes. The figures are beau- 
fnl, the text indifferent. 

Edw. — Edwards (JMilne), in 
conjunction with M. Victor Au- 
douin, has pubhshed 

" Rechcrches Anatomiques et Physio- 
logiques sur la Circulation dans les 
Crustaccs." Annales des Sciences 
Naturelles, II. 

" Rechcrches Anatomiques et Physio- 
logiques sur le Sj'steme Nerveux des 
Crustaces." Ann, des Sc. Nat., 
XIV. 

" De la Respiration Aerieune des Crus- 
taces et des modifications que I'appareil 
branchiale prescnte dans les Crabes 
Terrestres." Ann. des Sc. Nat., XV. 

" Memoire sur le Nicothoe," a singular 
animal that sucks the blood of the 
Lobster. Ibid. IX. 

" Resume des Rechcrches sur les Am- 
maux sans vertebre faites aux Isles 
Chausay." 

" Desciiption des Annelidcs des Cotes 
de la France." 

Edwards (Milne) alone. 

" Description de quelques Crustaces 

nouveaux." Ann. des. Sc. Nat., 

XIII. 
" Rechcrches Zoologiques pour servir a 

THistoire Naturelle des Lezards." 

Ann. des Sc, Nat., XVI. 
" MonogTaphie des Crustaces Amphi- 

podes." 

Egede (John), a Dane, Mis- 
sionary to Greenland, born 1686, 
died 1758. 

'■ Description of Greenland," 1 vol. 8vo. 
Copenhagen and CJeneva, 1763. 

EisENH. — EiSENHARDT (Cliarles 
"William), author of 

" A Memoir on the Medusw," in those 
of the Academia Naturte Curiosorum 
of Bonn ; and with additions by Cha- 
niisso, of a INIemoir on certain animals 
of the class of Worms, Ibid., X. part 
IL 

Ellis (John), a London mer- 
chant. 

" Essay towards a Natural History of 



the Corallines found on the Coast of 
CJreat Britain and Ireland," 4to. 
London, 1755. Translated into 
French, and published at the Hague, 
1756. 
" Tlie Natural History of many curious 
and uncommon Zoophytes," 1 vol. 
4to. London, 1786. This work was 
published by him and Solander. 

En GRAM. ENGRAMELLE(Marie- 

Dominique- Joseph), an Augustine 
friar at Paris, born in 1727, died 
in 1780. 

" Papillons d'Europe peints par Ernest 
et decrits par le reverend pere Engra- 
melle," 6 vols, small folio, consisting 
of three hundred and forty-two 
coloured plates. The work finishes 
\\-ith the Noctua inclusively. 

Ernest was an artisan of Strasburg who 
had a gTeat and self-acquired talent 
for painting lepidopterous Insects. 

Erxl. — Erxleben (John Chris- 
tian Polycarpe), Professor of Natu- 
ral History at Gottingen, born 1 744, 
died 1777. 

" Systema Regni Animalis, Classis I., 
Animalia, 1 vol. 8vo." Leipsic, 1777. 

Esp.— Esper (E. T. C), Pro- 
fessor at Erlang. 

" Europa'ische Schmetterlinge," or Lepi- 
doptera of Europe, 4 vols. 4to. the 
first and the fourth divided into two, 
with coloured plates. 

This work is not completed, but some 
additional numbers on the true Pha- 
lenites or the Geometroe, have been 
publislied. 

" Die Pflanzenthiere," &c., his work on 
Zoophytes, 4 vols. 4to. Nuremb., 
1791, et seq. 

EuPHRASEiX (B. a.), a Swedish 
naturalist. 

Author of a voyage to St. Bartholomew, 
and quoted for a Memou- inserted 
among those of the Academy of 
Stockholm. 

EVERSH. — EVERSHAM. 

Author of the Zoological Appendix to 
the " Travels in Bucharia," of the 
Baron de Mayendorf, wth notes by 
M. Lichtenstein. It has been trans- 
lated into French by IN'Ir. Amedee 
Jaubcrt, 8vo. Paris, 182(5. 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



297 



Fab. — Fabricius (J. C ),apupil 
of Linnaeus, Professor of Natural 
History and Rural Economy at Kiel, 
born at Tundern, in the Duchy of 
Sleswick in 1742, died 1807. He 
published a great many works on 
Entomology, of which I have par- 
ticularly quoted the following. 

" Entomologia Systematica emendata et 
aucta," 4 vols. 8vo. tlie first and tliird 
in two parts. Hafuias, 1792 — 1794. 
This work contains several of liis 
anterior ones, revised and re-modellcd, 
such as the " Systeuia Entomologice," 

1 vol. 8vo. ; " Species Insectoriun," 

2 vols. 8vo. ; " Mantissa Insectoruni," 

2 vols. 8vo. 

" Supplementum Entoniologiae Syste- 
maticse," 1 vol. 8vo. Hafiiia?, 1798. 

" Systema Eleutheratornni," 2 vols. 8vo. 
Kilia", 1801. 

" Systema Rhyngotormn," 1 vol. 8vo. 
Brunsvigso, 1801. 

" Systema Piezatorum," 1 vol. 8vo. 
Brunsvigse, 1804. 

" Systema Antliatorum," 1 vol. 8vo. 
Brunsvigse, 1805. 

He was about to publish his, " Systema 
Glossatorum," when the hand of 
death was laid upon him. An extract 
from tliat work is given by Illiger in 
his Magazin fiir Insectenkunde. 

Fab. or Fabr. — Fabricius 
(Otho), Clergyman in Greenland, 
and subsequently in Norway and 
Denmark. 

" Fauna Groenlandica," &c. 1 vol. 8vo. 
Copenhagen and Leipsic, 1790, a 
work of great value, on account of the 
exactness of the descriptions, but in 
which names arc frequently improperly 
applied. 

He also published certain memoirs 
among those of the Society of Natural 
History of Copenhagen. 

Falck (J. P.), a Swede, Pro- 
fessor of Botany at Petersburg, 
born 1727 ; travelled in the service 
of the Russian government from 
1768 to 1773, and committed 
suicide at Cassan in 1774. 

His travels were published in German, 

3 vols. 4to. Petersburg, 178.5, 178(!. 
The last two relate entirely lo Natuiul 
History. 

Fall. — Fallen (Charles Frc- 

Chv. Tabic of Authors. 



derick). Professor of Natural His- 
tory at Lund. 

" Diptera Suecia\" 4to. first volume. 
Lund*, 1814—1817. 

Farin. — Farines, a naturalist 
residing in the department of the 
Pyrenees Orientales. 

Author of Observations on the larva of 
the Ripiphorus bimaculatus, in the 
Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 
1826. 

Favanne. 

Author of a " Dictionnaire de Conchy- 
liok)gie," and of a greatly enlarged 
edition of the Conchyliology of 
d'Argenvillc. 

Fauj. — Faujas de Saint-fond 
(B.), Professor of Geology at the 
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. 

" Histoire Naturelle dc la Montaigne de 
St. Pierre de Maestricht," 1 vol. 4to. 
Paris, 1799. 

Fermin (Philip), physician at 
Surinam. 

" Histoire Naturelle de la Hollande 

equinoxialc," 1 vol. 8vo. Amsterdam, 

1765. 
" Description de Surinam," 2 vols. 8vo. 

Amsterdam, 1769. 
Two indifferent works, filled with errois 

of nomenclature. 

Fern, or Hern. — Hernandez 
(Francisco), physician-in-chief at 
Mexico, under Philip H. 

" Nova Plantarum, Animalium et 
Mmeralium Mexicanorum Historia," 
folio, Rome, 1651. A singular com- 
bination of fragments of the author, 
figures drawn by others, and annota- 
tions of editors. It should be read 
cautiously. 

Feruss. — Ferussac (J. Daude- 
bart de), a French naturalist. 

Author of a new and enlarged edition of 
an " Essai d'une Methode Conchylio- 
lognque," originally written by M. de 
Ferussac, Sen., pamphlet, 8vo. Paris, 
1807. 

" Histoire des Mollusqucs, Tcrrestres, et 
Fluviatiles," folio, with fine plates. 
It is not yet completed. 

lie is also the principal editor of llial 
important periodical called tlic 
"Bulletin Univcrsel des Sciences," 
&c. 

Qq 



298 



ALPHABETICAL TABLE OF AUTHORS 



Feuill. — Feuillee (Louis), the 
companion and plagiarist of Plu- 
raier, born 16G0, died 1732. 

"Journal d' Observations faitcs sur Ics 

Cotes Orientalcs de TAmerique ;" 2 

vols. 4to. Paris, 1714. 
Journal, &c., in New Spain and the 

islands of America, 1 vol. 4to. Paris, 

17-2.5. 

FiTCH. and Moll. — Fitchel 
(Leopold de), a naturalist of Vienna, 
who in conjunction with J. P. C. 
De Moll, member of the Academy 
of Munich, published the 

" Testacea Microscoijica, aliaque minuta 
ex ge:ieribus Argonauta et Nautilus," 
cum tab. XXIV. Vienna, 1803. 

FiscH. — Fischer deWaldheim 
(Gotthelf), a German naturalist, 
Director of the Imperial Museum 
at Moscow. Of his numerous 
works, we quote the following : 

" Frannients of Natural Historv," in 
German, 1 vol. 4to. Frankfort^ 1801. 

" Anatomy of the Makis," in German. 
Frankfort, 1804. 

" Description of certain Insects," pub- 
lished in the Memoirs of the Natu- 
ralists of Moscow, 1 vol. 4to. Moscow. 
1806. 

" Eutomographia Imperii Russici," 2 
vols. 4to. with splendid engravings. 
Moscow, 1820—1822 

" Observations on a carnivorous Fly 
called Medeterus," 4to. with plates. 
Moscow, 1819. 

" Memoir on the Argas of Persia," 4to. 
OTth a plate. Moscow, 1823. 

" Letter on the Physodactylus, a new 
genus of Coleopterous Insects," 8vo. 
Moscow, 1824. 

FiTZING. — FlTZINGEE, R phy- 

sician and naturalist at Vienna. 

" A New Classification of Reptiles ac- 
cording in their national affinities," 
4to. in German. Vienna, 1826. 

Fleming (John), a Scotch pastor. 

" Philosophy of Zoology," 2 vols. 8vo. 
Edinburgh, 1822. 

Fleuriau de Bellevue, a na- 
turalist at Rochelle. 

Autlior of Memoirs on the Testacea 



aiul other Mollusca, published in the 
Bulletin des Sciences, Journal de 
Physique, &c. 

FoRSK. — For.sKAHL (Peter), a 
Swedish naturalist, born 1734, a 
pupil of Linneeus, and the com- 
panion of Niebuhr in his travels to 
the East, died during the journey 
in 1763. 

" Descriptiones Animalium, &c., quje 
in Itinero Orieutali observavit," 4to. 
Copenhagen, 1775. 

"■ Icones Reruni Naturalium quas in 
Itinere Orientali depingi curavit," 4to. 
Copenhagen, 1776. 

Posthumous work , and extremely pre- 
cious on account of the new species 
described in them, although the no- 
menclature is incorrect. 

FoRTis (J. B. or Alberto), an 
Italian naturalist, born at Venice 
1740, died a Bookseller at Bologna 
1803. I quote his 

" Memoircs pour servir a THistoire 
Naturelle ct principalement a FOric- 
tographie de Tltalie," 2 vols. 8vo. 
Paris, 1802 

FoRST. — FoRSTER (John Rein- 
hold), born at Dirchaw in Polish 
Prussia 1729, naturalist in the 
English service for the second 
voyage of Cook, and subsequently 
Professor at Halle. He died in 
1798. 

" Zoologiaa Indicee Rarioris Spicilegium," 

4to. London, 1790. 
" Enchiridion Historife Naturali inser- 

viens," 8vo. Halle, 1788. 
I also quote him for the articles inserted 

by Bloch in his posthumous System 

of Fishes. 

FouRCROY (Antoine Fran9ois de), 
the celebrated Professor of Chemis- 
try, Counsellor of State, and mem- 
ber of the Academie des Sciences ; 
born 1755, died 1809. The only 
work we have had occasion to quote 
is his 

" Eutomologia Parisiensis," 2 vols. 8vo. 
Paris, 1785, a small work of bis 
youth, and a mere abridgment of that 
of Geoffi'oy. 

Fred. Cuv. See Cuv, 



QUOTED IN THIS WORK. 



299 



Freminv. — Freminvii.le (Ba- 
ron de), an officer of the French 
navy ; an able naturalist. 

Author of various articles in the Dic- 
tionnaire Classique d'Histoire Natu- 
relle. 

Fries (B. F). 

" Monographia Tanj-porum Suecise," 
Lunda;, 1823. 

Fr. — Frisch (J. L.), Rector of 
the Gymnasium of Berli